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Crowe H P - - 1992
Based on their scores on the Child Abuse Potential (CAP) Inventory, 30 nonparent adults were classified as either having high CAP scores (n = 15) or low CAP scores (n = 15). Subjects' heart rate and skin conductance were assessed as they listened to audio-taped presentations of four "normal" phonated ...
Patrizi A - - 1992
Transient bullous dermolysis of the newborn consists of congenital skin defects and a tendency for blistering of the skin and mucous membranes during the neonatal period. A case of transient bullous dermolysis of the newborn associated with Wilms' tumor is reported. Transient bullous dermolysis of the newborn does not represent ...
Pöschl J - - 1991
In 37 full-term and preterm infants periodic oscillations of skin blood flux were studied by means of laser Doppler technique during the first week of life. The development of rhythmic oscillations of skin blood flux was similar in all infants. On the first postnatal day rhythmic oscillations were present in ...
Evans D G - - 1991
Two very preterm infants (born at 29 and 25 weeks, respectively) were found to have abnormal ribs. Though this was thought unimportant at the time, it was subsequently shown to indicate that some members of their families had a dominantly inherited risk of developing skin cancer and other serious problems.
Edirisinghe J S - - 1991
A case of myiasis due to Cardylobia anthropophaga (Blanchard) (Diptera: Calliphoridae), the 'Tumbu fly', is reported for the first time in Sri Lanka, in a 10 month old infant. The infection was acquired in Zimbabwe. The child had appeared 'unwell' for nearly a week before the detection of the skin ...
Anderson G C - - 1991
Skin-to-skin ("kangaroo") care for preterm infants is becoming widespread in Western Europe. During this care the mother holds her diaper-clad premature infant against her skin beneath her clothing and allows self-regulatory access to breast-feeding. Fathers hold their infants skin-to-skin also. Research projects in Western Europe and the United States provide ...
Emery M M - - 1991
When performing electrophysiological testing, high electrical impedance values are sometimes found in neonates. Since excessive impedance can invalidate test results, a study was conducted to delineate the relationship between skin maturation and electrical skin impedance. This study investigated the skin impedance in 72 infants ranging from 196 to 640 days ...
Balázs M - - 1991
A 35-year-old male patient with a 20-year history of ulcerative colitis developed an itching perianal condyloma acuminatum with discharge. This was surgically removed after two years. Histology revealed bowenoid change in the condyloma. Six months later a local recurrence was excised. He has now been free of further recurrence for ...
Okoshi T - - 1991
Two types of spongy polyurethane-polydimethylsiloxane (PU-PDMS) vascular grafts (1.5 mm ID, 450 microns wall thickness) were fabricated with either a skinned (SG) or a porous (PG) luminal surface and an open mesh filamentous external surface by a spraying, phase-inversion technique. Tubular membranes, 15-20 mm in length, were all implanted by ...
McCarthy M A - - 1991
Recessive dystrophic epidermolysis bullosa with aplasia cutis occurring in a male infant is described. The association of these two rare conditions is reviewed. Reports of the concurrence of large areas of congenital absence of skin, particularly on the lower limbs, in patients with several different types of epidermolysis bullosa suggest ...
Kao C H - - 1991
We herein report a case of neonatal neuroblastoma with cutaneous metastasis. This newborn male was a full-term infant of a G3P3 mother. Asphyxia occurred immediately after birth, though he was revived after intensive medical treatment. Physical examination revealed multiple firm cutaneous nodules distributed over his body. In addition, congenital glaucoma, ...
Ludington-Hoe S M - - 1991
Twelve stable premature infants in open-air cribs acted as their own controls in a study designed to evaluate the effect of skin-to-skin contact (SSC) with their mothers on infant heart rate, respiratory rate, oxygen saturation, and skin temperature. Measurements were taken every minute during three consecutive interfeeding periods (2 to ...
Kurzhals G - - 1991
A 56-year-old woman with the typical clinical feature of cicatricial bullous pemphigoid of the Brunsting-Perry type was studied. Histologic examination of a lesion skin biopsy specimen demonstrated a subepidermal blister. Direct immunofluorescence microscopy revealed linear deposits of IgG, IgM, and C3 located on both the roof and the floor of ...
Takato T - - 1991
We report 4 cases of delayed thoracic closure after cardiac surgery in infants: 3 cases with transposition of the great arteries and one with hypoplastic left heart syndrome. Sternal and skin closure in the primary operation sometimes causes haemodynamic cardiac compression. Postoperative correction of haemodynamic and haemostatic functions are allowed ...
Byard R W - - 1991
The clinicopathological features of five fatal cases of diffuse haemangiomatosis presenting in neonatal life or early infancy are presented. The infants all had multiple skin haemangiomas as well as deep-seated lesions in many different tissues that caused protean clinical manifestations and management problems. Because the outlook may be improved by ...
Glover M T - - 1991
Four infants with stiff skin and painful joint contractures in the first few months of life are described. Other features included small papules, particularly on the face and trunk, perianal nodules, hyperpigmentation over the metacarpophalangeal joints and over the malleoli, gingival hyperplasia, persistent diarrhea, and failure to thrive. Two of ...
Mackay P M - - 1991
The development of the transdermal electrical potential (TDP) with postnatal age was studied in neonates born at gestational ages of 25 to 42 wk. The TDP of neonates born at less than 28 wk gestational age was of similar magnitude over the whole skin surface when measured in the first ...
Mooney R D RD Department of Anatomy, Medical College of Ohio, Toledo - - 1991
Anterograde tracing with the carbocyanine dye, Di-I, was used to describe the normal postnatal development of the projection from the trigeminal (V) brainstem complex to the superior colliculus (SC) in hamster. In adult hamsters, this projection is completely restricted to the deep laminae, primarily the stratum album intermedium. Trigeminal fibers ...
Saraclar Y - - 1990
Acute hemorrhagic edema of infancy (AHEI) is an acute cutaneous leukocytoclastic vasculitis (LCV) of infants. The clinical picture has a violent onset with a short benign course followed by spontaneous complete recovery. We report 12 infants with AHEI who were studied clinically, serologically, and immunohistologically. Edema and palpable purpuric skin ...
Vernon H J - - 1990
Within the first days of life, 10 infants, of 32 weeks' gestational age or less, began 2 weeks of treatment with a semipermeable wound dressing over a small area of skin. The effects of the dressing on transepidermal water loss and cutaneous microflora were evaluated. Transepidermal water loss from the ...
Stone O J - - 1990
At the time of birth, the fetal ground substance is under the influence of maternal and placental hormones. Hormones are known to exert significant effect on ground substance. The ground substance viscosity that is ideal for intrauterine life is too viscous for the newborn. Sites of minor skin trauma develop ...
Ludington S M - - 1990
The effects of skin-to-skin contact on three indexes of energy expenditure: heart rate, activity level, and behavioral state, were examined in a pilot study. It was hypothesized that skin-to-skin contact, because of its soothing effects, would increase sleep, lower activity level, and reduce heart rate. Eight healthy preterm infants in ...
Wilson P A - - 1990
Skin wetness is proportional to diaper wetness, and with increased skin wetness, the potential for diaper dermatitis is increased. This study evaluated a wide range of infant diaper products. Eighty healthy volunteers wore 2-inch wetted diaper patches on their volar forearm for two hours. An evaporimeter was used to measure ...
Wimberley P D - - 1990
This document provides guidelines in the terminology, methodology, and in the interpretation of data obtained from the use of skin (transcutaneous) p O2 and p CO2 electrodes. The transcutaneous technique has found special application for newborn infants. The causes of analytical bias with respect to arterial blood gas values and ...
Beacham B E - - 1990
Twenty women had similar symptoms and clinical findings related to the use of tartar control toothpaste. Each had burning and itching around the corners of the mouth, followed by pruritic perioral patches of erythema 4 to 14 days later. All patients had begun using tartar control toothpaste 1 to 2 ...
Mok Q - - 1990
We report three infants with a rare syndrome of restrictive dermopathy, in which rigidity of the skin at birth is associated with characteristic facial anomalies, generalised arthrogryposis, bony abnormalities, and lung hypoplasia. The skin has a distinctive pathology with compaction of the dermal collagen and fibrosis of the subcutaneous tissue. ...
Cartwright R G - - 1990
1. Preterm infants show incompletely developed skin with reduced barrier function. The possibility of transdermal delivery of theophylline from hydrogel discs swollen with choline theophyllinate has been investigated. 2. Drug loaded hydrogel discs 2 cm2 in area were applied to the abdomen and occluded. Serum theophylline concentrations were measured in ...
Catz P - - 1990
Transdermal delivery systems were prepared and evaluated for their ability to co-deliver the contraceptive agent levonorgestrel and the penetration enhancer ethyl acetate across hairless guinea pig, hairless mouse, and rat skin. The 24 hr devices were prepared with membranes composed of ethylene vinyl acetate [EVAc, 7.5% vinyl acetate (VAc) content] ...
Aho H J - - 1990
The presence of the 43 kDa papain inhibitor protein in the skin of 40 fetuses with the gestational age varying from 9 to 40 weeks was studied. Immunohistochemistry showed the first evidence of the 43 kDa papain inhibitor in the acral parts, mostly in the nail bed, at the 14th ...
Westin J B - - 1990
N-nitrosodiethanolamine (NDELA) is a carcinogenic, non-volatile nitrosamine that has been shown to pass readily through the skin of animals and humans. It has often been found as a contaminant in cosmetics. Twenty different suntan lotions, available in Israel, both liquids and creams, were analyzed for NDELA content. Most products contained ...
Murphy M G - - 1990
Transcutaneous collection of theophylline and its metabolite, caffeine, was undertaken in 33 preterm infants (2 to 89 days old) who were receiving routine theophylline therapy. Collection was done by means of a novel adhesive transcutaneous collection system. The transcutaneous collection system accumulated substances that migrated from the blood to the ...
Lane A T - - 1990
We evaluated 149 infants diapered in either conventional cellulose core disposable diapers or diapers containing cellulose core with absorbent gelling material. The infants were evaluated from 1 day of age to 14 weeks of age for the prevalence and severity of diaper dermatitis. We identified a low prevalence of diaper ...
Pernu H - - 1990
The expression of cystatin A (Acid cysteine proteinase inhibitor) and B (Neutral cysteine proteinase inhibitor) during human embryogenesis was studied immunohistochemically by using the PAP-complex method. Both inhibitors were visible first in the developing mucosal tissue at the age of about 9 weeks. In the fetal epidermis (periderm), cystatin B ...
Ufomadu G O - - 1990
In a recent epidemiological study on onchocerciasis on the lower Jos Plateau in Nigeria, a 7-month-old baby delivered by a mother suffering from onchocerciasis showed early clinical signs of the disease: pruritus was present all over the body. The infant's skin snip on incubation revealed microfilariae of Onchocerca volvulus. These ...
Jalal S M - - 1990
Apparently the first patient with de novo mosaicism 46,XX,t(13q13q)/46,XX,-13,+r(13) is described. The two cell lines were present at a frequency of 34% and 66%, respectively. The infant survived for about three months. The prominent dysmorphic features were: birth-weight and head circumference below the 3rd centile, encephalocele, multiple skin tags of ...
Tan O T - - 1990
Albino pig skin was exposed to the copper vapor (CVL) and flash-lamp pulsed dye (PDL) lasers at 578 nm with a 3 mm diameter spotsize over a range of fluences until purpura and whitening were first established. The total irradiation time was the parameter that was varied in order for ...
Mondlane R P - - 1989
Skin-to-skin mother/infant contact as a means of warmth for newborns of low birth weight (less than or equal to 2500 g) was studied in 132 infants admitted consecutively during the cold season July/September at the Central Hospital in Maputo. The mean (+/- SD) birth weight was 1788 g (+/- 304 ...
Resnick S D - - 1989
A 2-week-old infant had grouped pustules on the right hand, wrist, and antecubital flexure that appeared after the first week of life. The infant was seen repeatedly to suck the involved areas of the hand and wrist. Clinically typical candidiasis was noted in the oral cavity and the diaper area. ...
Gottesfeld E - - 1989
A full-term male infant was born with skin findings suggesting a blueberry muffin appearance. Biopsy of a cutaneous nodule was consistent with monoblastic leukemia cutis, and bone marrow examination confirmed the diagnosis of leukemia. The infant has remained well 2 years after spontaneous resolution of the cutaneous eruption. Infiltrative neoplasms ...
Knauth A - - 1989
A thin and semipermeable polyurethane membrane adherently applied to premature neonates as an artificial skin was investigated as an atraumatic surface barrier sufficient to reduce transepidermal water loss without inhibiting natural infant skin development during the first few days of life. A sample group of 18 neonates (birth weight [mean ...
Davis J A - - 1989
Diaper dermatitis results from the action of a number of physical and chemical factors on the skin. While its etiology is complex, there is agreement that prolonged contact between wet diapers and the skin leading to excessive hydration of the stratum corneum and reduced barrier function is a primary factor. ...
Barak M - - 1989
Skin damage is often seen as a result of the use of adhesive ECG electrodes. The protective quality of a new synthetic dressing, Omiderm, was tested on 34 infants weighting 800-3850 g. In a controlled trial the amount of skin damage caused by heart monitoring electrodes was evaluated after 48 ...
Lawaetz O - - 1989
In order to assess the extent of errors and to provide correction factors for gamma camera gastric emptying studies of liquid meals labelled with radionuclides (99Tcm or 113Inm), a series of phantom studies were performed with different gastric emptying procedures, gamma cameras and data handling systems. To validate the overall ...
Reifenrath W G - - 1989
Formulations of the mosquito repellent N,N-diethyl-3-methylbenzamide (deet) in combination with a variety of additives were developed to control repellent evaporation and percutaneous penetration. Deet was also formulated with the repellent dimethyl phthalate to study the interaction of the two compounds on the skin. The evaporation and penetration processes were evaluated ...
Acolet D - - 1989
Fourteen very low birthweight infants were studied positioned either prone horizontal or skin-to-skin at 60 degree tilt between the mother's breasts. Heart rate, skin temperature and oxygenation by transcutaneous PO2 and pulse oximetry were measured. Nine of the infants had normal lungs when studied. These infants showed no change in ...
Aizawa H - - 1989
White dermographism constitutes an abnormal vascular reaction characteristically demonstrable in atopic dermatitis; however, there is no information about it in the infantile phase of atopic dermatitis. Therefore we examined 73 infants younger than 3 years of age with eczematous dermatitis for the demonstrability of white dermographism after mechanical stroking of ...
Mills A E - - 1989
A case of a solitary mesenchymal hamartoma occurring on the chin of a newborn infant is presented. The skin nodule exhibited an abnormal arrangement of dermal mesenchymal elements and, in particular, there was prominence of skeletal muscle. This lesion, which appears to be unique, has been termed rhabdomyomatous mesenchymal hamartoma ...
Czernobilsky B - - 1989
Using a battery of monoclonal antibodies, we investigated the cytokeratin pattern in the epidermides of 12 human ovarian mature cystic teratomas (MCTs) and compared them with those of infant, adult, and fetal skin. Histologically, two types of epidermal layers were identified in the MCTs, a mature layer and an immature ...
Theintz G E - - 1989
The normal developmental pattern of 17 beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase (17HSD) activity in genital skin was examined using radiolabeled androstenedione as a substrate in a microassay based on high-pressure liquid chromatography separation of the metabolites. This assay allowed the simultaneous determination of 17HSD and 5 alpha-reductase (5R) activities in both individual foreskin ...
Mine T - - 1988
To determine the involvement of prostaglandins in the action of secretin on the promotion of the healing process in injured gastric mucosa, the effect of secretin infusion on the content of PGE2 and 6-keto PGF1 alpha (a major metabolite of PGI2) in human gastric mucosa was investigated. Specimens of both ...
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