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Results 501 - 550 of 770
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Mancini A J - - 1994
Infants of less than 32 wk gestation have a defective epidermal barrier, with increased skin permeability and transepidermal water loss (TEWL). We studied the effect of a nonadhesive semipermeable dressing on the epidermal barrier of premature infants and on fetal skin transplanted to nude mice. Fifteen infants with a mean ...
Pöschl J M - - 1994
Reactive hyperemia after 1 min of arterial occlusion was studied in back, thigh and heel skin of 40 preterm and full-term neonates using laser Doppler flowmetry. Twelve infants had clinical signs of septicemia, but normal laboratory tests at the time of fluxmetry. However, CRP, leukocyte count and the ratio of ...
Caesar R E - - 1994
The presence or absence of the cremasteric reflex was documented in 225 normal male subjects ranging in age from birth to 12 years. The reflex was initiated by stroking the skin of the inner aspect of the thigh. The cremasteric reflex was present in 48 of 100 newborns (48%), 32 ...
Grande R - - 1994
Skin pigmentation is a physiological feature of great value and usefulness from both an anthropological point of view and a clinical point of view. This article is a first approach to the study of the skin pigmentation of 126 full-term newborn infants (37-42 weeks gestational age) at the Maternity Hospital ...
Kavanagh G M - - 1994
Various skin changes have been described in algodystrophy, but the association of hypertrichosis with this condition is poorly documented. We describe a patient who developed algodystrophy after a mild inflammatory arthritis, in association with a number of skin manifestations, including hypertrichosis. We suggest a mechanism to explain this particular association.
Sawin R S - - 1994
Necrotizing fasciitis (NF) of the abdominal wall occurring in newborns is associated with a 50% mortality rate. Improved survival requires early diagnosis followed by aggressive surgical débridement. During a 10-year period, we treated 7 infants who developed NF. During the same period, 32 infants were admitted with omphalitis that did ...
De Raeve L - - 1994
Cutaneous lesions resembling acrodermatitis enteropathica were present in two infants with methylmalonic acidemia and in one infant with propionic acidemia. All three infants were being fed a low-protein diet limited in branched-chain amino acids when the skin lesions developed. A deficiency in plasma levels of essential amino acids, particularly isoleucine, ...
Pi?rard G E - - 1994
BACKGROUND: The effects of softened and unsoftened fabrics on the skin of infants of 1-12 months of age were evaluated under real life conditions of skin contact with fabrics. METHODS: During 4 weeks, 24 infants wore cotton fabrics washed with a granular detergent on one side of their lower back, ...
Hoffmann R - - 1994
Staphylococcal scaled-skin syndrome (SSSS) is a toxin-related epidermolytic disease that usually affects infants and children under 5 years. We report herein a case of a premature infant who had developed SSSS after an infection of the pharynx with staphylococci and who died of septicaemia due to pseudomonas aeruginosa. The primary ...
Ludington-Hoe S M - - 1993
To determine if the transition to extrauterine life is facilitated by skin-to-skin contact, six relatively low risk preterm infants experienced six continuous hours of skin-to-skin contact on their mothers' chests beginning within 30 minutes of birth. Heart and respiratory rates and oxygen saturation remained within normal limits and all infant ...
Lindor N M - - 1993
Trisomy 16 is the most common trisomy in spontaneous abortions and is usually, if not always, lethal in the nonmosaic state. We report a liveborn infant with trisomy 16 mosaicism first diagnosed by amniocentesis at 20 weeks gestation. At birth, the infant was growth retarded and mildly dysmorphic. At age ...
Tsai F J - - 1993
The presence of various types of birthmarks was determined in 3,345 Chinese infants under 48 hours of age. Mongolian spots were present in 86.3% of the studied infants. Vascular lesions included salmon patch (22.6%), port-wine stain (0.4%), and strawberry marks (0.7%). Nevocellular nevi (1%), sebaceous nevi (0.1%), and café au ...
Malathi I - - 1993
Greater care and a more thorough approach to intravenous catheter site disinfection may be important for the prevention of catheter related sepsis, especially with coagulase negative staphylocci in preterm infants. The efficacy of skin disinfection was evaluated in preterm infants using a skin swabbing technique after disinfectant exposure. In the ...
Gale G - - 1993
Skin-to-skin holding has been reported to be a useful technique for helping mothers feel close to their nonintubated infants hospitalized in the NICU. This article describes our experience with skin-to-skin holding of 25 intubated infants in the NICU. We found this technique was safe for the intubated infant and promoted ...
Fine J D - - 1993
It has been recently shown that the presence of perinuclear "stellate bodies" within the epidermis in patients with a form of dominant dystrophic epidermolysis bullosa named "transient bullous dermolysis of the newborn" corresponds to collections of type VII collagen. To determine the temporal relationship of this unique immunohistochemical defect with ...
Buyse L - - 1993
We describe transepidermal water loss (TEWL) measurements in a collodion baby suffering from severe hypernatraemic dehydration and hypothermia, who required intravenous fluid therapy in a special incubator. The TEWL values 4 days after birth were abnormally high compared with normal infants of the same age. The TEWL measurements returned towards ...
Perzigian R W - - 1993
A case of primary cutaneous aspergillosis in a very low birthweight infant that responded to medical therapy is reported. Knowledge of the potential pathogenic role of this organism in neonatal skin lesions is important because of resistance to standard empirical antibacterial therapy and the potential for dissemination and deep parenchymal ...
Rüchel R - - 1993
A fluorescent staining procedure, which used to be recommended for the detection of fungi in skin and nail scrapings, can be adapted for the rapid detection of fungal elements in non-sectioned biopsies or respiratory secretions. The specimens are directly stained with an optical brightener (Blankophor P flüssig, Cellufluor, Uvitex 2B) ...
Higgins, Kathy S.
The purpose of this descriptive study was to determine the use of immediate maternal-infant skin-to-skin contact in health, full-term newborns and factors influencing its practice. Immediate parent-infant contact is a well recognized aspect of family-centered maternity care. Several studies, including Vaughans (1990) and Dodman (1987), support maternal-infant skin-to-skin contact as ...
Jahnukainen T - - 1993
Eighteen fullterm infants and 17 preterm infants were studied on their 3rd day of life to investigate the reactivity of skin blood flow to thermal stimulation. The infants were studied during quiet sleep. After a 10-min control period a constant air current was used to synchronise the external cutaneous stimulus ...
Coleman R - - 1993
A family in which epidermolysis bullosa simplex and mottled pigmentation are inherited as an autosomal dominant disorder is described. Clinical features include: non-scarring blistering, mainly affecting the limbs, mottled pigmentation, predominantly affecting the trunk and neck, warty hyperkeratotic papules of the palms and soles, small red scaly plaques, and skin ...
Kilmer S L - - 1993
We describe four patients with focal dermal hypoplasia (FDH): a girl with classic FDH, a boy with cutaneous findings, an infant with severe multisystem disease, and the infant's mother, who had previously undiagnosed FDH. These patients illustrate the classic cutaneous manifestations of FDH and the variations that can exist within ...
Affonso D - - 1993
Feasibility and safety of skin-to-skin contact through the Kangaroo method of care in a modern American tertiary intensive care was studied, as well as effects of this innovative care on mother's emotional reactions. Eight mother infant dyads participated in skin-to-skin contact a minimum of 4 hours each day for six ...
Fukai K - - 1993
We report the case of a Japanese female infant with Chédiak-Higashi syndrome born to consanguineous parents. At birth she had fair skin but, when she was three months old, marked hyperpigmentation of the sun-exposed skin areas developed. Microscopic examination of blood and electron microscopic examination confirmed the diagnosis. She enjoyed ...
Kubiak M - - 1993
Single-use diapers and cloth diapers with vinyl pants were compared for their relative abilities to contain stool within the diaper. Artificial feces with carbon black as an additive allowed a quantitative measure of fecal containment by image analysis in 60 infants. This method showed complete containment of feces in the ...
Abdul-Wahab B R - - 1993
Expectant management remains the treatment of choice in isolated capillary haemangiomata, but active intervention is indicated when they constitute a threat to vital functions. We report a 6 1/2 week old Nigerian infant with acute stridor and unilateral haemangiomata involving the parieto-temporal scalp, forehead and periorbital skin. Direct laryngoscopy showed ...
Spencer J M - - 1993
Cutaneous depressions, commonly known as dimples, are uncommon in locations other than the face. An infant had deep dimple-like depressions near the acromion bilaterally. This most likely represents benign autosomal acromial dimples, a rarely reported autosomal dominant condition. Other causes of dimples include a variety of congenital malformation syndromes, and ...
Bass H N - - 1993
We report on an infant with an unusual pattern of transitory familial constriction bands distributed symmetrically and circumferentially over the neck, forearms, and lower legs. Family history showed the occurrence of similar bands among individuals in 4 generations transmitted as an autosomal dominant trait. Neck and limb distribution in the ...
Stone M S - - 1993
Vasculitis in an infant of a woman who had a long history of cutaneous polyarteritis nodosa is reported. During the neonatal period the child developed cutaneous vasculitis manifested by livedo reticularis, cutaneous nodules, and acral necrosis. The infant's vasculitis remitted by age 7 months. This is the third such report ...
Celesti L - - 1993
Enhancers of the percutaneous diffusion of clonazepam in the isolated single-pass perfused rabbit ear were evaluated and included propylene glycol (PG), polyethylene glycols (PEGs) of different molecular weight, as well as skin pretreatment with lauryl alcohol (LA). PG caused a concentration-dependent increase in the diffusion of clonazepam, due partly to ...
Lynn C J - - 1993
Accurate gestational age determination is limited in very low birthweight infants using neurological and physical assessments. As one of the markers of intrauterine development, skin maturation is assessed qualitatively by pediatricians. Based on this observation, we hypothesize that skin reflectance relates directly to gestational age. Light was delivered and collected ...
Ludington-Hoe S M - - 1992
A descriptive study of eleven healthy preterm infants was conducted in which cardiorespiratory (heart and respiratory rates, oxygen saturation), thermal (abdominal, toe and tympanic temperatures) and state behavior responses to two hours of paternal skin-to-skin contact within the first 17 hours of birth in Colombia, South America were evaluated. Infant ...
Kjartansson S - - 1992
The rate of evaporation from the skin was measured before and during phototherapy in 10 full-term and seven preterm infants (gestational age 29-33 weeks). The method for measurement of rate of evaporation was non-invasive and was based on determination of the water vapour pressure gradient close to the skin surface. ...
Shah Y G - - 1992
A case report of a pregnant mother with elevated midtrimester maternal serum alpha-fetoprotein, an elevated amniotic fluid alpha-fetoprotein with a positive acetylcholinesterase band, and grossly normal fetal anatomy is presented. A premature female infant was delivered with bilateral symmetrical flank skin lesions consistent with the diagnosis of aplasia cutis congenita.
Revesz T - - 1992
A male infant was found to have bilateral exudative retinopathy at 6 months of age. A month later severe aplastic anaemia was diagnosed, eventually leading to the infant's death. Additional features of this seemingly new syndrome were intrauterine growth retardation, fine sparse hair, fine reticulate skin pigmentation, ataxia because of ...
Amato M - - 1992
Caffeine is commonly used in the treatment of apnea of prematurity. The skin of preterm infants varies considerably in its level of maturity. To understand skin absorption in low birthweight infants (less than 1500 gm) with gestational age between 26 and 34 weeks, a group of 56 preterm babies was ...
Glover M T - - 1992
Two unrelated infants had stiff skin and painful joint contractures in the first few months of life. Other features included gingival hyperplasia, small papules on the face and trunk, perianal nodules, and bloody diarrhea. Hyaline material was evident in the papillary dermis and gut mucosa in both patients. Ultrastructural examination ...
Holbrook K A - - 1992
In utero skin biopsy was performed on a fetus at risk of an uncertain form of epidermolysis bullosa (EB). The mother had produced two affected offspring diagnosed variously as having junctional or dystrophic EB. The two offspring and the fetus were products of different fathers. The mother claimed to have ...
Watkins A M - - 1992
The case histories of two infants who sustained chemical burns due to contact with alcoholic skin preparation solutions are presented. The skin permeability of the extremely low birthweight infant renders them susceptible to major burns following relatively brief exposure to such solutions. Care is needed in the selection and use ...
Statter M B - - 1992
The fluid and electrolyte management of the surgical neonate must take into account the acute transition to extrauterine life superimposed on the gradual changes associated with fetal and neonatal maturation and growth. With this transition, there are acute changes in body water distribution, and a striking increase in evaporative losses ...
Bassukas I D - - 1992
Erythema toxicum neonatorum (ETN) is a common, self-limited neonate dermatosis affecting worldwide about 50% of newborns--mostly second and later deliveries--irrespective of sex and race. Its etiology still remains obscure: some reaction of the skin of the newborn in adapting to its new environment is the favorite hypothesis to date. A ...
Christensson K - - 1992
The aim of the present study was to compare temperatures, metabolic adaptation and crying behavior in 50 healthy, full-term, newborn infants who were randomized to be kept either skin-to-skin with the mother or next to the mother in a cot "separated". The babies were studied during the first 90 min ...
Frenk E - - 1992
Five spontaneously healing collodion babies were recorded in a large Swiss kindred. They all had consanguineous parents. Their distribution in the family indicates autosomal recessive inheritance. At birth they had the typical features of collodion babies. The collodion-like membrane was shed within the first month, leaving a slightly scaly skin ...
Knudsen A - - 1992
The yellow colour of the skin was measured just after birth in 100 mature newborns using a jaundice meter. The skin colour was significantly correlated to the cord bilirubin concentration (rho = 0.26, p = 0.009), but unrelated to cord reserve albumin concentration, cord albumin concentration, cord haemoglobin concentration, birth ...
Chen C M - - 1992
Neonatal lupus erythematosus is a syndrome characterized by congenital heart block and/or cutaneous lupus erythematosus in the presence of maternal autoantibodies. We report a female newborn with cutaneous lesions of the neonatal lupus erythematosus born to a clinically asymptomatic mother. She presented with erythematous maculopapules on the face, neck and ...
Longhi F - - 1992
A 44-week clinical study was carried out on a large sample of the Italian infant population to measure the incidence of diaper (napkin) dermatitis and to identify the factors related to the development of diaper dermatitis. Factors such as age, sex, the presence of atopic dermatitis, the general state of ...
Lodén M - - 1992
The biophysical properties of non-eczematous skin at three locations in atopics and non-atopics were characterized using non-invasive physical methods. Skin friction was measured with a newly developed sliding friction instrument, the degree of hydration with a capacitance meter (Corneometer CM 820), and the transepidermal water loss (TEWL) was determined using ...
Okada A - - 1992
Rectovestibular (or anovestibular) fistula is the most common form of anorectal anomaly in female infants. In the surgical repair of these malformations, anal transplantation has been in widespread conventional use. Based on the idea of posterior sagittal anorectoplasty, we devised a new approach, anterior sagittal anorectoplasty, in which, in the ...
Giam Y C - - 1992
Neonatal lupus erythematosus (NLE) is a well established subset of Lupus erythematous (LE). Three chinese female neonates presented to our Skin Centre, from May 1990 to May 1991 with NLE. All had skin lesions without congenital heart block and systemic problems. Two had photosensitive annular erythematous lesions on scalp, urticarial ...
Ferrándiz C - - 1992
A sterile pustular skin eruption was observed in 17 of 3,541 newborn infants examined over a period of 30 months. The skin eruption was always present at birth and fulfilled the clinical criteria of transient neonatal pustular melanosis (TNPM). However, some days after birth, all of them but 1 developed ...
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