Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 772
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Buaboocha W - - 1997
The thyroid gland is not present at birth in marsupials and thyroid function begins during the latter half of pouch life. The hormonal output of the thyroid gland is important for normal development. In this study the structure of the lung, kidney and skin of the developing possum was examined ...
Prausnitz M R - - 1997
Great advances in transdermal delivery of macromolecules have been made within the last few years using ultradeformable liposomes, electroporation, and low-frequency ultrasound, each of which has been shown to deliver macromolecules at clinically useful rates. Until recently, delivery of high-molecular-weight compounds across the skin was not a realistic option, since ...
Reddy K S - - 1996
AN infant with mixed gonadal dysgenesis was found to have a 45,X/46,Xpsu dic(Y) karyotype. A low level (8%) of mosaicism for the dic(Y) cell line was observed in peripheral blood lymphocytes and skin fibroblasts. The dicentric nature of the Y chromosome became apparent in fluorescence in situ hybridization studies. The ...
Mushtaq I - - 1996
Intussusception is uncommon in infants with a colostomy. The authors present the first documented case of intussusception in an infant with a colostomy in which pneumatic reduction was achieved via the stomal opening. The inflated balloon of a Foley catheter was plugged against the stoma at skin level and a ...
Christensson K - - 1996
The aim of the present study was to compare axillar and skin temperatures and metabolic adaptation in healthy, fullterm elective caesarean section delivered infants who were randomized to be cared-for either in (a) an incubator, (b) a cot, or (c) skin-to-skin with the father. Forty-four infants were studied. The mean ...
Effendy I - - 1996
Calcipotriol, a vitamin D analogue utilized for psoriasis, has irritation as its most frequent reported adverse event. However, studies on its irritant properties in humans have produced conflicting data. This study evaluates the effect of calcipotriol on stratum corneum barrier function, hydration and cell turnover in healthy volunteers, compared with ...
Hendricks M K - - 1996
A 7-month-old infant presented at a tertiary centre with a 6-day history of a skin rash, fever and diarrhoea. Clinical features included pyrexia, kwashiorkor, extensive ulcerating skin lesions suggestive of ecthyma gangrenosum, hepatomegaly, meningismus, neutropenia and iron deficiency anaemia. Blood and skin aspirate cultures yielded a positive growth of Pseudomonas ...
al-Rimawi H S HS Department of Paediatrics, Jordan University of Science and Technology, Irbid, - - 1996
Pyoderma gangrenosum (PG) is a rare, poorly understood skin disease that occurs in all age groups. Less than 0.4% of patients are infants and represent a diagnostic challenge as early lesions may resemble other skin disorders. Here we report for the first time three siblings affected with PG all presenting ...
Rutter N - - 1996
The skin of the extremely preterm infant is structurally and functionally immature at birth, although there is rapid postnatal maturation. The consequences of this immaturity are a high transepidermal water loss (leading to hypothermia and difficulty in fluid balance) accidental percutaneous absorption and toxicity, and skin trauma (leading to infection). ...
Faria D T - - 1996
Little research has been performed to evaluate factors that may exacerbate perineal skin injury in the adult population. But extensive research has been done and knowledge has been gained from studies with diaper dermatitis in infants. Our objectives in writing this article are to define the anatomical area affected, the ...
Ruas E - - 1996
Neonatal lupus erythematosus (NLE) is characterized by transient, annular cutaneous lesions, congenital heart block, and a variety of systemic or hematologic abnormalities. We describe a white infant girl with onset of skin lesions on the face and scalp at 4 days of age. At age 4 weeks she had generalized, ...
Prizant T L - - 1996
BACKGROUND: Anetoderma, characterized clinically by macular depressions or outpouchings of skin, is associated with loss of dermal elastic tissue as noted on histopathologic findings. We report on 9 extremely premature infants who developed patches of anetoderma during their course in the neonatal intensive care unit. OBSERVATIONS: All 9 patients were ...
Jahnukainen T - - 1996
The reactivity of skin blood flow and heart rate to periodic thermal stimulation was studied in 10 term small-for-gestational age (SGA) infants, in 9 preterm and 8 term normal-sized infants during the first two postnatal months. During the first postnatal days, the increase in thermally stimulated skin blood flow oscillations ...
Ross L J - - 1996
The fingertip dermatoglyphic patterns were studied in 93 infants whose mothers had been given gamma globulin (GG) prophylaxis against hepatitis on known gestational dates. The prevalence of infants with whorl patterns on 0-3 fingertips and that of infants with ulnar loops on 9 or 10 fingertips were significantly higher (P ...
Lundell M - - 1996
From 1920 through 1959, 14,624 infants were exposed to ionizing radiation for skin hemangioma at Radiumhemmet. They were all less than 18 months old (mean 6 months) at the time of first exposure. The irradiated hemangiomas were located all over the body. The weighted bone marrow dose was on average ...
Prabhakara V G - - 1996
A 2-month-old infant presented with the skin nodules of 1½ months duration. Routine investigation and bone marrow examination showed the presence of myeloblastic Ieukaemia-M4 type, FAB classification.
Nopper A J - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: Premature infants have an ineffective epidermal barrier. The aim of this study was to investigate the cutaneous and systemic effects of preservative-free topical ointment therapy in premature infants. STUDY DESIGN: We conducted a prospective, randomized study of 60 infants less than 33 weeks' estimated gestational age. The treated infants ...
Ramsing D W - - 1996
Gloves are indispensable in many occupations. Irritant skin reactions from gloves have, however, been reported. In the present study, the effect of long-term glove occlusion on normal skin (6 h/day for 14 days) was studied and, in addition, the effect of a cotton glove worn under the occlusive glove was ...
Silver P - - 1996
Corn starch powder is widely used for routine infant skin care as a substitute for talcum powder, as it is believed to have fewer respiratory hazards. We describe a one-month-old infant who presented to an emergency department with respiratory failure and a severe pneumonitis from aspiration of corn starch powder. ...
Charpak N - - 1996
Kangaroo Mother Intervention (KMI) started in 1978 in Colombia as a way of dealing with overcrowding and scarcity of resources in hospitals caring for low birth weight infants. Currently the intervention comprises three components: kangaroo position (skin-to-skin contact), kangaroo nutrition (exclusive or nearly exclusive breast-feeding), and kangaroo discharge policies (early ...
Kimberlin D - - 1996
BACKGROUND: Neonatal herpes simplex virus (HSV) infections limited to the skin, eyes and mouth (SEM) can result in neurologic impairment. A direct correlation exists between the development of neurologic deficits and the frequency of cutaneous HSV recurrences. Thus, the National Institutes of Allergy and Infectious Diseases Collaborative Antiviral Study Group ...
Eastick K - - 1996
This investigation was undertaken to determine the magnitude of, and interrelations between, reservoirs of coagulase negative staphylococci on infants' skin at various sites (including sites used for insertion of intravascular catheters) and in faeces during the first six months of life. Sites with large numbers of coagulase negative staphylococci were ...
Marcinkiewicz M - - 1996
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the diagnostic value of residual gastric juice, we assessed various secretory components before and after placebo, acetaminophen, or naproxen sodium administration. METHODS: In a double-blind, randomized, cross-over study in 30 asymptomatic volunteers, mucin, hydrophobicity, protein, pepsin, and pH were measured in residual gastric juice before and after ...
Alain J L - - 1996
Since 1990, we have performed extramucosal pyloromyotomies by laparoscopy in 70 infants presenting with congenital hypertrophic pyloric stenosis. Ever since the first cases, the technique and the instruments have been adapted. The surgical technique and the precautionary measures are here explained again. This technique is beneficial for infants with a ...
Donahue M L - - 1996
Skin breakdown and high fluid requirements are common problems in extremely low birth weight infants that may be reduced by application of a semipermeable skin dressing (SPD). An SPD was applied to 39 study infants who weighed < 1000 gm (control subjects, n = 37) to determine whether it would ...
Patrizi A - - 1996
BACKGROUND: Napkin or diaper dermatitis (DD) is an inflammatory cutaneous eruption limited to the diaper area and common in the first 2 years of life. A number of clinical variants of DD have been identified. OBJECTIVE: We report a new variant of DD characterized by papyraceous skin, brownish discoloration and ...
Monti G - - 1996
BACKGROUND: Coagulase-positive Staphylococcus aureus colonizes eczematous lesions in 78-100% of children and adults with atopic dermatitis (AD), whereas it is found on skin of healthy subjects in only 2-25% of cases. On unaffected skin of subjects with AD the bacterium has been isolated in 51-100% of cases. OBJECTIVE AND METHODS: ...
Gloppestad K - - 1996
AIM: Both mothers and fathers should achieve early skin to skin holding of their small premature infants, despite the infants' need for breathing equipment, including respirator. If the mother needs to wait to hold her newborn due to her medical condition, this is not reason enough for the father also ...
Hernández-Martín A - - 1996
A 2-month-old boy with an important hardening of the skin in the pubic and genital regions is presented. He was born prematurely at 31 weeks of gestation, and required a respirator during the first 72 h. The analytical explorations and abdominal ultrasound images were normal. Histological study had not shown ...
Ghali Fred E - - 1996
A 4-MONTH-OLD infant with cystic fibrosis (CF) presented with a 4-week history of a progressive, erythematous rash that began in the diaper area and spread to the face and extremities (Figure 1 and Figure 2). In addition to the rash, she had a 1-week history of low-grade fever, diarrhea, and ...
Pridjian G - - 1995
We describe a term infant with facioauriculo-vertebral "dysplasia" (Goldenhar sequence), hypertelorism, and mosaic trisomy 22: peripheral blood, 46, XY/47, XY, + 22 (72%/28%); skin fibroblasts, 47, XY, + 22 (100%). This is the second report of Goldenhar anomaly with epibulbar dermoids in a liveborn infant with aneuploidy. Hypertelorism is rare ...
Farrell A - - 1995
We report an infant with severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID) who had cutaneous manifestations of acute graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) due to maternofetal lymphocyte engraftment. Histologic and ultrastructural examinations of the skin revealed intracellular vacuoles resembling lipid droplets in the epidermis and dermis, which is not a recognized feature of acute GVHD ...
Okah F A - - 1995
OBJECTIVE: The classical studies of epidermal barrier function in infants have relied on measurement of transepidermal water loss by evaporimetry. This technique, although valuable, is, in practice, slow, expensive, and susceptible to error because of convective air currents. In this prospective study, we evaluated gestation-dependent and postnatal age-dependent changes in ...
Hogan P - - 1995
When an infant under 6 months of age presents to the family doctor with a skin, hair or nail problem, the evaluation process must determine whether the findings are physiologic and of no concern or due to a pathologic process. In addition to preventing unnecessary investigations and treatment, this distinction ...
Saunier P - - 1995
Markedly reduced cytochrome c oxidase (COX) activity was found in cultured skin fibroblasts of an infant with recurrent episodes of acute myoglobinuria, hypertonia, muscle stiffness and elevated plasma levels of sarcoplasmic enzymes (creatine kinase 96950 U/l, normal below 150) since the age of 3 weeks (COX activity: 36 nmol/min/mg protein; ...
Thornton C M - - 1995
BACKGROUND: Persistent telangiectases are a feature of neonatal lupus erythematosus (NLE) but have generally been noted in areas of prior inflammatory disease. The occurrence of vascular macules and papules at sites without preceding dermatitis has not been reported in NLE. OBJECTIVE: Our purpose was to emphasize a previously unidentified aspect ...
Coffin C M - - 1995
Infantile myofibromatosis occurs in solitary, multiple, and generalized forms, with similar histology but different clinicopathologic and prognostic implications. We report the findings in two male infants with fatal congenital generalized myofibromatosis (CGMF) who presented with multiple dermal and subcutaneous nodules at birth. Imaging studies revealed bony and visceral lesions, which ...
Dahlstrom J E - - 1995
The Harlequin infant represents the most severe form of nonbullous ichthyosis. Although the clinical features of infants with Harlequin ichthyosis are generally similar, histological, ultrastructural, and biochemical analyses have not shown consistent findings. An unexpected case of Harlequin ichthyosis in a female infant born at 35 wks gestation is presented. ...
Gedalia A - - 1995
An infant with erythematous rash born from a mother with silicone breast implants is described. The diagnosis of possible neonatal lupus was suggested based on the presence of the skin rash and positive Ro/SS-A antibodies in the infant and positive ANA and Ro/SS-A in the mother.
Dollison E J - - 1995
This controlled trial studied 20 premature infants, 28-33 weeks of gestational age, over 21 days. It compared the gross skin condition on the side of the face where tape was applied directly to the skin to anchor a nasogastric tube to the other side, where the tape was applied over ...
Feder H M HM - - 1995
A newborn infant whose condition was diagnosed as herpes simplex encephalitis and who had subsequent recurrences of skin disease had repeated episodes of neutropenia while receiving therapy with intravenous (30 mg/[kg.d]) or oral (30 mg/]kg.d]) acyclovir. The neutropenia did not recur when the dosage of oral acyclovir was reduced to ...
Armstrong J R - - 1995
The marsupial Monodelphis domestica provides a versatile model for the study of "fetal" wound healing. The pouch young of this species have been used to perform a systematic histological study of wound healing and skin development throughout pouch life; from Pouch Day 0 to Pouch Day 30 with comparisons drawn ...
D'Souza S W - - 1995
The mean arterial blood pressure (MABP), heart rate, and skin temperature were monitored every 15 minutes in the first 10 days after birth in 34 preterm infants, gestational age 24 to 33 weeks. Ultrasound brain scans carried out daily showed that a periventricular haemorrhage (PVH) occurred in a subgroup of ...
Floersheim G L - - 1995
Radiosensitization of mice by dimethylbenzanthracene, diphenylcyclopropenone and aminoanthraquinones was investigated in a model where survival time after lethal radiation was scored. Survival time was shortened by nontoxic doses of the chemicals. The used in vivo system confirmed the radiosensitizing potential of dimethylbenzanthracene reported previously with in vitro studies. Moreover, radiosensitizing ...
Vanatta J C - - 1995
The present study was performed to determine if either potassium loading or fasting results in histological changes in the skin. Rana pipiens were loaded with KCl and skin biopsies obtained (Group I). These biopsies were compared with biopsies from NaCl loaded frogs (Group II). In blind studies of microscopic sections, ...
Smith-Levitin M - - 1995
Background: Acute mastitis commonly occurs in the postpartum period. It has been reported only rarely in the antepartum period.Case: A 14-year-old patient presented at 29 weeks gestation with her symptoms and examination consistent with bilateral mastitis that had worsened over 2 months. She had evidence of systemic infection. She was ...
Ludington-Hoe S - - 1995
Instrumentation capable of handling 12 continuous hours of nine-channel real-time physiologic data sampled at 10Hz was needed to test within and between subject variability and preterm infant responses to skin-to-skin contact with the mother. A review of basic electrical components, electrical principles related to physiologic monitoring, and electrophysiology concepts generic ...
Tinstman C F - - 1995
Using a case study format, the authors describe an infant with an unusual metabolic disorder, Alpha 1 Antitrypsin Deficiency. It is rare to find an infant in whom such significant liver and pulmonary disease develops before his first birthday. In this article the authors describe the pathophysiology, genetics, diagnosis, and ...
Casanova G M - - 1994
The present study investigated changes in heart rate, skin conductance, and self-reported affect in response to child stimuli in mothers with and without a childhood history of physical abuse. The stimuli were videotape presentations of a smiling and crying infant. During baseline periods (prior to videotape presentations), mothers without a ...
Kearn G C - - 1994
The evolutionary expansion of the monogeneans has taken place in parallel with the diversification of the fish-like vertebrates. In this article the main trends in monogenean evolution are traced from a hypothetical skin-parasitic ancestor on early vertebrates. Special consideration is given to the following topics: early divergence between skin feeders ...
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