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Lingle Susan S Department of Biology, University of Winnipeg, Winnipeg, Manitoba R3B 2E9, - - 2014
Abstract Acoustic structure, behavioral context, and caregiver responses to infant distress vocalizations (cries) are similar across mammals, including humans. Are these similarities enough for animals to respond to distress vocalizations of taxonomically and ecologically distant species? We show that mule deer (Odocoileus hemionus) and white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus) mothers approach ...
Jernigan Stephanie M SM Division of Pediatric Nephrology, Emory University School of Medicine and Children's Healthcare of Atlanta, 2015 Uppergate Drive Northeast, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Microscopic and gross hematuria, while rare in healthy newborns, is more common in premature infants, particularly those cared for in the neonatal intensive care unit. Hematuria may be transient, but may require evaluation, investigation, and intervention in a timely manner. This article discusses the causes, workup, and treatment of the ...
Evans William N - - 2013
This report describes an infant born with esophageal atresia, tracheoesophageal fistula, right-sided diaphragmatic hernia, and an interrupted inferior vena cava (IVC) that underwent successful repair. The report emphasizes the importance of diagnosing an interrupted IVC prior to tracheoesophageal repair.
Vesel Linda - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether the Newhints home visits intervention increased the adoption of skin-to-skin care (SSC), in particular, among low birthweight (LBW) (<2.5 kg) babies. METHODS: A cluster-randomised trial, with 49 Newhints zones and 49 control zones, was conducted in seven districts in the Brong Ahafo Region, Ghana. It included all ...
Dean Peter N - - 2013
We report a case of successful cryoablation of a concealed accessory pathway from the right atrial appendage to the right ventricle in an infant. A 4-month-old female who had previously undergone successful ablation of a left-sided accessory pathway was taken to the electrophysiology lab due to recurrent supraventricular tachycardia. While ...
Jordan Sue - - 2013
The vulnerability of clinical trials to volunteer bias is under-reported. Volunteer bias is systematic error due to differences between those who choose to participate in studies and those who do not. This paper extends the applications of the concept of volunteer bias by using data from a trial of probiotic ...
Khullar Sidharth - - 2012
We report a case of acute urinary retention due to intravesical auto knotting of infant feeding tube in a child treated successfully by endoscopic approach.
Poralla Christine - - 2012
Background: Pathogenesis of intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH) in premature infants is multifactorial. Little is known about the influence of pro-inflammatory cytokine activation on the coagulation system in extremely preterm infants and its impact on the development of IVH. Objective: To determine the interaction between serum interleukin-6 (IL-6) and the coagulation system ...
Jones Alicia Rose - - 2012
Aims:  The aims of this study were to compare rates of late-onset sepsis (LOS) in very preterm or very low birthweight infants before and after relocation to a new nursery and to determine risk factors for LOS. Methods:  The study was undertaken at The Royal Women's Hospital, Melbourne, which relocated ...
Barakat Maha - - 2012
Little data are available regarding the association of ancylostomiasis with overt gastrointestinal bleeding. This 6-year retrospective study describes the clinical and biological profiles of unexpectedly identified ancylostomiasis in a 4-month-old baby and four adults; they presented with melena and were referred for urgent diagnostic gastrointestinal endoscopy, which confirmed numerous small ...
Green Kiddada - - 2012
Abstract This commentary will highlight 10 contributing factors that have made the Black Mothers' Breastfeeding Club a success. These are the necessary factors to organize and sustain a breastfeeding club. The author shares insight into Black Mothers' Breastfeeding Club and how the 10 contributing factors can be used in any ...
Taylor Christopher A - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: To quantify and examine factors related to unexplained death due to possible infectious causes (UDPIC) in infants and to analyze the associations between these factors in unexplained deaths and infants with fatal and nonfatal outcomes. STUDY DESIGN: Infant deaths meeting the International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision code inclusion ...
Blomqvist Ylva Thernström - - 2012
Scand J Caring Sci; 2012 Provision of Kangaroo Mother Care: supportive factors and barriers perceived by parents Background:  Kangaroo Mother Care (KMC) supports parents' role at the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). To enhance parents' provision of KMC, it is essential to obtain knowledge of what parents perceive as supportive ...
Ghanayem Nancy S NS Children's Hospital of Wisconsin and Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, WI, USA. - - 2012
For infants with single ventricle malformations undergoing staged repair, interstage mortality is reported at 2% to 20%. The Single Ventricle Reconstruction trial randomized subjects with a single morphologic right ventricle undergoing a Norwood procedure to a modified Blalock-Taussig shunt (MBTS) or a right ventricle-to-pulmonary artery shunt (RVPAS). The aim of ...
Bak Seon-Yeong - - 2012
Background:  Transient tachypnea of the newborn (TTN) is a clinical syndrome associated with respiratory distress usually seen shortly after delivery in infants. This study aims to determine the risk factors predicting treatment outcomes in infants with TTN. Methods:  Data from 236 infants diagnosed with TTN during the study period were ...
Tooke Lloyd - - 2012
Portal venous gas is one of the classic radiologic features of necrotizing enterocolitis and is an uncommon isolated finding because it is most commonly seen in conjunction with pneumatosis intestinalis. In this case study, we present a preterm neonate with necrotizing enterocolitis who had extensive portal venous gas without obvious ...
Rogers C E - - 2013
We investigated whether particular demographics, maternal psychosocial and infant factors identified mothers of very preterm infants at risk for postpartum depression or anxiety at the time of discharge from a level III urban Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU). A racially diverse cohort of mothers (N=73) of preterm infants (gestational age ...
Rosato Mikey - - 2012
The aim of this report is to describe a health education intervention involving volunteer infant feeding and care counselors being implemented in Mchinji district, Malawi. The intervention was established in January 2004 and involves 72 volunteer infant feeding and care counselors, supervised by 24 government Health Surveillance Assistants, covering 355 ...
De Carolis Maria Pia - - 2012
We describe a case of neonatal cerebral sinovenous thrombosis associated with the presence of anti-phospholipid antibodies (aPL). We recommend that in all cases of neonatal thrombosis, the couple mother-infant should be extensively tested for the presence of both acquired (aPL) and congenital thrombophilia.
Bhat Rukhmi R Hematology/Oncology/Stem cell transplant, Children's Memorial Hospital, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, IL 60614, USA. - - 2012
In paediatrics, sick preterm infants are at highest risk of developing thrombotic complications. Haemostasis is in a fine balance in the neonatal period, despite age-related differences in coagulation proteins. However, both inherited and acquired risk factors can disrupt this balance and can lead to thrombosis. Important risk factors are sepsis, ...
Bianca Ana Dela - - 2012
The objective of this study was to identify risk factors for wheezing disorders in the first year of life in infants living in São Paulo (SP), Brazil, applying the standardized protocol of the Estudio Internacional de sibilancia en lactentes-Phase 1. A total of 1014 parents or caregivers of infants, who ...
Schrag Stephanie J - - 2012
BACKGROUND:: Factors associated with neonatal sepsis, an important cause of child mortality, are poorly described in Africa. We characterized factors associated with early (days 0-2 of life) and late-onset (days 3-28) sepsis and perinatal death among infants enrolled in the Prevention of Perinatal Sepsis (PoPS) Trial, (NCT00136370 at ClinicalTrials.gov), Soweto, ...
Buyukinan Muammer - - 2012
The previously reported activated intravascular coagulation system in the acute phase of respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) has not been evaluated in the long term. We assessed the activities of coagulation system of a cohort of premature infants with RDS in comparison with healthy premature infants (HPIs), healthy mature infants (HMIs), ...
Takahashi Atsushi - - 2012
Background/Purpose:  The timing for herniotomy in premature infants is controversial. Methods:  Outcomes of herniotomy in 47 premature infants admitted to the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) were retrospectively reviewed for preoperative clinical features, respiratory interventions, and anesthetic and surgical complications. The data were compared with those of full-term infants (n ...
Shankarnaryanan Srinivas - - 2012
Bright rectal bleeding in a neonate is most commonly due to necrotising enterocolitis, gastrointestinal infection or cows milk protein intolerance. We present here an infant who developed PR bleeding after cardiac surgery. Bleeding persisted despite presumptive treatment for the most common causes. A colonic intramural haematoma was identified on colonoscopy ...
Maruyama Hidehiko - - 2012
Percutaneously inserted central catheters (PICCs) are often used in neonatal medicine. Venous thrombosis (VT) is one of the complications associated with PICC use. According to some reports, fresh frozen plasma (FFP) may be a risk factor for VT. The purpose of this study was to determine whether FFP use is ...
Poets Anette - - 2012
ObjectiveTo identify potential risk factors for unexpected sudden infant deaths (SID) and severe apparent life-threatening events (S-ALTE) within 24 h of birth.DesignCase-control study embedded in an epidemiological survey over a 2-year period.Patients and methodsThroughout 2009, every paediatric department in Germany was asked to report cases of unexplained SID or S-ALTE ...
Giannantoni Carmen - - 2012
ABSTRACT Objective: Retinopathy of Prematurity (ROP) is a multifactorial disease whose pathogenesis is organized in two phases. We hypothesized that postnatal risk factors may differently exert their effect in a phase dependent way. Methods: Data obtained from medical records of 93 very low birth weight neonates with stage ≥ 3 ...
Martines Francesco - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To determine the feasibility and effectiveness of well-infant nursery hearing screening programme for the early identification of hearing impairment, based on transient evoked otoacoustic emission (TEOAE) with a high "screen sensitivity" reducing the number of more expensive secondary level exams. METHODS: The newborns were screened by non-specialist health workers ...
Trotman H - - 2012
To determine factors associated with extreme hyperbilirubinaemia in neonates at the University Hospital of the West Indies. A retrospective review of all neonates with hyperbilirubinaemia requiring medical intervention at the University Hospital of the West Indies between 1 January 2006 and 30 June 2007 was performed. Factors associated with extreme ...
Dattilo Anne M - - 2012
Childhood obesity is currently one of the most prevailing and challenging public health issues among industrialized countries and of international priority. The global prevalence of obesity poses such a serious concern that the World Health Organization (WHO) has described it as a "global epidemic." Recent literature suggests that the genesis ...
Sharma Vinod - - 2012
Reports of intraocular bleeding in infants from nonabusive causes are rare. The authors report a case of visually significant vitreous hemorrhage in an infant with a persistent hyaloid artery who also had raised intracranial pressure secondary to an intraventricular bleed.
Nath Rahul K - - 2012
Purpose. To examine the most prevalent risk factors found in patients with permanent obstetric brachial plexus injury (OBPI) to identify better predictors of injury. Methods. A population-based study was performed on 241 OBPI patients who underwent surgical treatment at the Texas Nerve and Paralysis Institute. Results. Shoulder dystocia (97%) was ...
Chen Li-Na - - 2012
To investigate the possible relationship between the influencing factors occurring before and during birth in full-term infants and the outcome of retinopathy. Totally 816 full-term infants admitted in the neonate intensive unit of Boai Hospital of Zhongshan between 1 May, 2008 and 30 June, 2011 were included in the study. ...
Leal Yelda A - - 2012
Neonatal sepsis is a worldwide public health issue in which, depending on the studied population, marked variations concerning its risk and prognostic factors have been reported. The aim of this study was to assess risk and prognostic factors for neonatal sepsis prevailing at a medical unit in southeastern Mexico. Thus, ...
Sette Gabriela Cunha Schechtman - - 2012
Prospective cohort study. Teaching paediatric hospital-Instituto de Medicina Integral Prof. Fernando Figueira (IMIP), Recife, Northeast Brazil. 378 of 536 infants admitted in paediatric wards from April to October 2009 were daily assessed during hospital stay until the first episode of nosocomial diarrhoea (ND), death or discharge. Infants with community-acquired diarrhoea, ...
Aleksa K - - 2011
Over the last 20 years hair has moved from being a highly questionable biological matrix to mainstream and acceptable biomarker in forensic sciences where it is primarily used to determine past and present exposure to illicit drugs. In contrast, the use of hair to assess exposure to pesticides and persistent ...
Archer Natalie P - - 2011
Recent literature has shown that analyzing newborn dried blood spots (DBS) may be effective in assessing some prenatal environmental exposures, such as exposure to lead. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the relationship between prenatal exposure to lead (as measured by newborn DBS results) and blood lead levels ...
Carlo Waldemar A WA Department of Pediatrics, University of Alabama, 9380 Women and Infants Center, 1700 Sixth Ave S, Birmingham, AL 35249, USA. - - 2011
Current guidelines, initially published in 1995, recommend antenatal corticosteroids for mothers with preterm labor from 24 to 34 weeks' gestational age, but not before 24 weeks due to lack of data. However, many infants born before 24 weeks' gestation are provided intensive care. To determine if use of antenatal corticosteroids ...
Sargant N - - 2011
Severe neonatal hypothermia is an infrequent presentation to the Emergency Department. This case report describes the successful resuscitation and rapid rewarming of a newborn baby who presented to the Emergency Department with a core temperature of 14.8°C. This is the lowest temperature documented in the literature to date from which ...
Govarts Eva - - 2012
Exposure to high concentrations of persistent organochlorines may cause fetal toxicity, but the evidence at low exposure levels is limited. Large studies with substantial exposure contrasts and appropriate exposure assessment are warranted. Within the framework of the EU (European Union) ENRIECO (ENvironmental Health RIsks in European Birth Cohorts) and EU ...
van Heugten Marieke - - 2011
The acoustic realization of words varies greatly between speakers. While adults easily adapt to speaker idiosyncrasies, infants do not possess mature signal-to-word mapping abilities. As a result, the variability in the speech signal has been claimed to impede their word recognition. This study examines whether exposure to a speaker may ...
Leerkes Esther M - - 2011
Links between maternal emotional reactions to crying (anger and anxiety) and infant attachment security were examined in 119 mother-infant dyads. Mothers rated the intensity of their emotional responses to videotapes of crying infants prenatally. Maternal sensitivity was observed during infant exposure to emotion eliciting tasks at six and 16 months ...
Rocheleau Carissa M - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Hypospadias is a common congenital malformation among men in which the urethral opening is ventrally displaced. Pesticide exposure has been suggested as a possible etiologic factor, but previous epidemiologic studies have produced inconsistent results. METHODS: We used data from the National Birth Defects Prevention Study (NBDPS), a population-based case-control ...
Tsukimori Kiyomi K Department of Obstetrics, Fukuoka Children's Hospital, Japan. - - 2012
Studies on the association of maternal exposure to polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxin (PCDDs), polychlorinated dibenzofurans (PCDFs), and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) with decreased birth weight in humans have produced conflicting results. In Japan in 1968, an accidental human exposure to rice oil contaminated with PCDDs, PCDFs, and PCBs, led to the development of ...
Anantharaj Avinash - - 2011
Over a two-year period, we studied a total of 100 newborns delivered in our hospital, needing ventilation. The indications for ventilation, complications, outcome, and factors influencing outcome were analyzed. Of the 100 babies, 54 were preterm, 44 term and 2 post-term. Overall survival was 58%. The commonest indication for ventilation ...
Rijal P - - 2011
This study was done to assess the prevalence of neonatal jaundice, underlying risk factors and efficacy of phototherapy, which would be of value in identifying and implementing strategies to prevent morbidity and mortality from this condition. A retrospective study was carried out in 86 neonates admitted to neonatal intensive care ...
Guxens Mònica - - 2012
Air pollution effects on children's neurodevelopment have recently been suggested to occur most likely through the oxidative stress pathway. We aimed to assess whether prenatal exposure to residential air pollution is associated with impaired infant mental development, and whether antioxidant/detoxification factors modulate this association. In the Spanish INfancia y Medio ...
McGuirl Jennifer - - 2011
This study aimed to assess whether tocolytic fetal exposure to antenatal calcium channel blockers (aCCB) increases the risk for hemodynamically significant patent ductus arterioses (hsPDA) in extremely low-birth-weight (ELBW) infants. This case-control study investigated ELBW infants (<1,000 g) without cardiac defects in a level 3 neonatal intensive care unit who had ...
Yolton Kimberly K Department of Pediatrics, Division of General and Community Pediatrics, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, 3333 Burnet Avenue, Cincinnati, OH 45229-3039, United States. - - 2011
To examine the association of prenatal exposure to bisphenol A and select common phthalates with infant neurobehavior measured at 5 weeks. We compared the concentration of maternal urinary metabolites of bisphenol A and phthalates at two distinct time points in pregnancy (16w, 26w) with scores on the NICU Network Neurobehavioral ...
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