Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 623
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Burd Randall S - - 2002
BACKGROUND: While the use of intravenous ketorolac in infants less than 6 months old has not been previously reported, ketorolac may reduce opioid use and prevent opioid-associated side effects that are frequent in this age group. We reviewed our experience with ketorolac in infants to develop recommendations for using it ...
Marty C - - 2002
The anatomic pelvic parameter "incidence" - the angle between the line perpendicular to the middle of the sacral plate and the line joining the middle of the sacral plate to the center of the bicoxo-femoral axis - has been shown to be strongly correlated with the sacral slope and lumbar ...
Hu Yong - - 2002
Somatosensory evoked potentials (SEPs) can be monitored during spinal surgery to prevent possible spinal cord injury. In order to improve the reliability of SEP monitoring, an investigation of the application of various time-frequency analysis (TFA) techniques to detect both temporal and spectral changes in SEP waveforms was conducted. SEP signals ...
Gasparoni A - - 2002
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to verify if variations of thyroid hormones related to circumstances of delivery and mode of maternal anaesthesia can contribute to neonatal neutrophil respiratory burst and natural killer cell activity. METHODS: We evaluated 10 infants born by vaginal delivery (group A), 10 infants born ...
Villemure I - - 2002
The objective of this study was to conduct an intrasubject longitudinal study quantifying the evolution of two- and three-dimensional geometrical scoliotic descriptors. The evolution of regional and local scoliotic descriptors was analyzed between two scoliotic visits on a cohort of 28 adolescents with progressive idiopathic scoliosis. Mean age at the ...
Zia-Ullah Mohammad - - 2002
Availability of software delineation of the lumbar spine region from infant whole-body (IWB) dual energy X-ray absorptiometry scan offers an opportunity to gain additional information at the lumbar spine without a separate scan, although the validity of this technique has never been tested. Lumbar spine measurements derived from IWB scans ...
Kotwicki Tomasz - - 2002
CT scans of structural thoracic idiopathic scoliosis were reviewed in nine patients admitted to our department for scoliosis surgery. The apical vertebra scans were chosen and the following parameters were evaluated: 1) alpha angle formed by the axis of vertebra and the axis of spinous process 2) beta concave and ...
Davies M W - - 2002
Gastroschisis is a congenital anterior abdominal wall defect with the abdominal contents protruding through the defect. Reduction of the abdominal contents is required within hours after birth as the infant is at risk not only of water and heat loss from the exposed bowel but also of compromised gut circulation ...
Kavak Z N - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To compare general and spinal anesthesia with respect to the short-term outcome of newborns born by elective cesarean deliveries. METHODS: Pregnant women admitted to our hospital from January 1999 to July 2000, for whom elective repeat cesareans were planned after 37 weeks gestation, were allocated randomly after their informed ...
Kimble R M - - 2001
PURPOSE: The authors present their experience of reduction of gastroschisis in infants in the ward with analgesia and without anesthesia. METHODS: Prospective data were collected on 35 infants born with gastroschisis from 1999 to 2001. Ward reduction (WR) was not attempted in infants with obvious gut atresia, perforated or ischemic ...
Huang J J - - 2001
BACKGROUND: We were interested to know whether regional anaesthesia allowed improved respiratory function postoperatively in very low birth weight babies. METHODS: We performed a retrospective study to examine the association between regional anaesthesia and postoperative ventilation after herniorrhaphy in very low birth weight infants. Thirty-four prematurely born infants underwent herniorrhaphy ...
Fujinaka W - - 2001
Continuous caudal anesthesia has been commonly used for intra- and post-operative analgesia in infants and children. However, it has a potential risk of bacterial infection, especially in infants in whom the catheter site is easily contaminated with loose stool. To avoid infection, the authors applied a new procedure using subcutaneous ...
Norris M C - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Despite the growing popularity of combined spinal-epidural analgesia in laboring women, the exact role of intrathecal opioids and the needle-through-needle technique remains to be determined. The authors hypothesized that anesthetic technique would have little effect on obstetric outcome or anesthetic complications. METHODS: Data were prospectively collected from 2,183 laboring ...
Stix M S - - 2001
PURPOSE: To present a stepwise training method, first critiquing laryngeal mask (LM) insertion difficulty and malpositioning, then learning how to exchange an endotracheal tube (ETT) for a LM during emergence from anesthesia. METHODS: "Learning phase:" sixty adults were enrolled in a preliminary study in which ETT / LM exchange was ...
Lauder G R - - 2001
BACKGROUND: We wished to determine a consensus view from UK paediatric anaesthetic consultants of what practical skills are safe and appropriate for an anaesthetic trainee to perform during an initial 3-month module in paediatric anaesthesia. METHODS: A postal survey was sent to all UK and Ireland members of the Association ...
Schulz U - - 2001
A 26-year-old man with a history of an embryonal rhabdomyosarcoma arising from the urachus and a large, right-sided, epidermal nevus presented with a rapidly evolving tetraparesis. Investigations confirmed an intramedullary hemorrhage of the cervical spinal cord and an extensive arteriovenous malformation (AVM). An association between his nevus, rhabdomyosarcoma, and spinal ...
Pavy T J - - 2001
Continuous spinal anaesthesia has not been widely used in Australia. Epidural anaesthesia is often inadequate in patients with previous spinal surgery, as distribution of local anaesthetic in the epidural space is unpredictable. Two cases are presented where continuous spinal anaesthesia enabled satisfactory analgesia and anaesthesia to be obtained for labour ...
Ichiba H - - 2001
In the present study, we compared lumbar spinal and whole-body bone mineral density (BMD) measurements to determine which is more suitable for evaluating the bone mineral status of low-birth-weight (LBW) infants. Lumbar spinal and whole-body BMD were assessed simultaneously in a prospective series including 152 Japanese LBW infants (birth weight ...
Bouchut J C - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: Regional anesthesia without adjunctive general anesthesia or sedation has been recommended for preterm infants to decrease the risk of postoperative apnea. Single-dose caudal local anesthetic has a limited duration, which may be insufficient for long surgery. Addition of clonidine to local anesthetics has been shown to prolong the duration ...
Hansen T G - - 2001
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to determine whether the use of adrenaline 1/400000 added to 0.25% bupivacaine significantly delays the systemic absorption of the drug from the caudal epidural space in young infants. METHODS: Fifteen infants less than 5 months of age undergoing minor lower abdominal procedures under ...
Bouchut J C - - 2001
Ex-premature infants, before 45 weeks postconceptional age, are at high-risk of apnoea after surgery. General anaesthesia increases the risk of apnoea. We evaluated the tolerance and the efficiency of caudal anaesthesia performed in 25 consecutive conscious ex-premature infants for inguinal herniotomies. N2O/O2 and EMLA cream are used to facilitate caudal ...
Lengsfeld M - - 2000
Prolonged sitting is generally accepted as a high risk factor in low back pain and it is frequently suggested that a lordotic posture of the lumbar spine should be maintained during sitting. We asked whether the sagittal curvature of the lumbar spine during sitting is affected by the seat tilt, ...
Jain A - - 2000
AIM: To explore the time of onset and duration of action of topical amethocaine gel in the newborn infant. DESIGN: A randomised double blind placebo controlled trial. SUBJECTS: Thirty six infants were studied after 30 minutes application and 36 after 60 minutes application. A total of 56 infants (gestation 27-42 ...
Hukuda S - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the historical origins of ligamentous ossifications of the spine in Japan. METHODS: We studied skeletons of Jomonese of the period 5000-2300 years BP, of Japanese of the 17th-19th century Edo Period, and of Ainu of the 18th-20th century in Japan with special emphasis on spinal ligament ossifications ...
Shenkman Z Z Department of Anesthesia and Critical Care Medicine, Meir General Hospital, Kfar-Saba, Sakler School of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, - - 2000
We report a case of spinal anesthesia in an infant with nemaline myopathy. Spinal anesthesia was administered to preempt the potential problems of difficult tracheal intubation and prolonged mechanical ventilation secondary to muscle weakness after the use of IV anesthetics in this patient.
Botma M - - 2000
Stridor in infants may be potentially serious and would require further investigations in all cases. Laryngomalacia is the most common cause of congenital stridor. This is a self-limiting condition with a good prognosis but other causes of stridor should be excluded to enable the surgeon to plan further intervention if ...
Davis D P - - 2000
The Rapid Four-Step Technique (RFST) has been demonstrated to be faster than standard open crico thyrotomy technique, but may have a higher incidence of cricoid injury with tracheal hook traction applied caudad. The "Bair Claw" is a novel device that may help eliminate these complications. This randomized, experimental trial used ...
Wulf H - - 2000
This study evaluates the pharmacokinetics of ropivacaine in children after caudal epidural injection. Twenty male children undergoing inguinal hernia repair were enrolled after ethics committee approval and informed parental consent, and were grouped according to age (10 'infants' aged less than 1 year and 10 'toddlers' aged 1-5 years). After ...
Jarvis S - - 2000
Oxytocin plays an important role at parturition due to its involvement in uterine contractions, foetal expulsion and the onset of maternal behaviour. The role of the related neurohypophysial hormone, vasopressin, is less clear; however, there is some evidence that it is also involved in maternal behaviour and its role in ...
Choe C H - - 2000
Iatrogenic tolerance and physical dependence have been documented in human neonates and infants infused with fentanyl or morphine i.v. to maintain continuous analgesia and sedation during extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) and mechanical ventilation for the treatment of life-threatening pulmonary diseases. Using postnatal d 17 infant rats, the hypothesis was tested ...
Granry J C - - 2000
Over the years, ketamine has found many applications in paediatric anaesthesiology. Recent insights into the mechanism of its central action, and the pharmacology of its isomers have led to a re-evaluation of this drug, expanding the range of indications in adults. The best examples of the uses of ketamine as ...
Frumiento C - - 2000
HYPOTHESES: Use of spinal anesthesia is safe and effective in an outpatient population of preterm infants undergoing inguinal hernia repair (IHR) and eliminates routine postoperative hospital admission for apnea monitoring. METHODS: From October 1982 through October 1997, all preterm (gestational age [GA], < or =37 weeks), high-risk (preterm infants whose ...
Harnett M - - 2000
PURPOSE: To compare the incidence of airway complications in children less than one year of age whose airways were maintained during anesthesia with either a laryngeal mask airway (LMA) or a facemask and oral airway (FM-OA). METHODS: We randomized 49 - ASA class 1&2 - infants to an LMA or ...
Kriss V M - - 2000
The ventriculus terminalis or "fifth ventricle" is an ependyma-lined residual lumen of the caudal portion of the spinal cord (the conus medullaris). We present the cases of three neonates with asymptomatic cystic dilatation of the ventriculus terminalis as seen on spinal sonography. Over a 4 year period (1996-1999), we prospectively ...
Wong V A - - 2000
PURPOSE: To alert ophthalmologists to congenital trigeminal anesthesia as a cause of corneal scarring and amblyopia and its effective treatment with tarsorrhaphies. METHODS: Case reports. A 2-month-old infant presented with bilateral corneal erosions and complete corneal anesthesia. Her sister presented at age 3 years with a corneal ulcer and corneal ...
Fischer J R - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To correlate structural intraurethral ultrasound findings with needle electromyography of striated urethral sphincters in young continent nulliparas. METHODS: Twenty-three nulliparas, each less than 35 years old and without pelvic floor disorders, were recruited at Methodist Hospital in Indianapolis, Indiana, and the University of Louisville in Louisville, Kentucky. Each had ...
Friesen R H - - 2000
The hypothesis that young infants are more sensitive to the haemodynamic depressant effects of halothane compared with older children was tested. One hundred and sixty unpremedicated, ASA physical status I or II paediatric patients without cardiac or pulmonary disease were divided into five age groups: term neonates, 1-6 months, 6-24 ...
Jain A - - 2000
AIM: To assess the efficacy of amethocaine as a topical local anaesthetic in neonates. METHODS: A randomised, double blind controlled trial compared 4% amethocaine gel (Ametop) with placebo in 60 healthy neonates (29 to 42 weeks of gestation) in the first week after birth. Either 1.5 g 4% w/w amethocaine ...
McInerney J - - 2000
Nucleus pulposus herniations are far less common in the thoracic spine than at the cervical and lumbar regions. Traditionally, diagnosis of thoracic disc herniations has been challenging because the signs and symptoms are often subtle early in their course. As a result, delays in diagnoses are common. Because they are ...
Cassady J F JF - - 2000
Former premature infants represent a high risk surgical population. In order to minimize the risk of postoperative apnoea, subarachnoid blockade without sedation is known to be preferable to general anaesthesia for former premature infants undergoing bilateral inguinal herniorrhaphy. However, subarachnoid blockade affords only a limited duration of reliable anaesthesia. Nonroutine ...
Tsui B C - - 1999
PURPOSE: To illustrate insertion of an epidural catheter via caudal route in a small infant under electrical stimulation guidance. CLINICAL FEATURES: A six month old boy, weighting 4.25 kg, with a diagnosis of CATCH22 (Cardiac abnormality/abnormal faces, T cell deficit due to thymic hypoplasia, cleft palate, hypocalcemia due to hypoparathyroidism ...
Littleford J A - - 1999
PURPOSE: To describe the anesthetic considerations for a primiparous woman whose history included four neurosurgeries: ventriculoperitoneal (VP) shunt insertion, evacuation of a subdural hematoma, shunt revision, and third ventriculostomy for hydrocephalus secondary to aqueductal stenosis. CLINICAL FEATURES: A 37-yr-old GI, P0 woman with a VP shunt and third ventriculostomy was ...
Hsieh Y C - - 1999
BACKGROUND: Sevoflurane, a newly approved potent inhaled anesthetic in Taiwan, provides rapid emergence from anesthesia in adults and children. Clinically, it is difficult to accurately assess the rate of recovery from anesthesia in infants. This study was designed to compare the emergence characteristics of halothane with those of sevoflurane having ...
Sarvela P J - - 1999
We randomized 76 parturients to a double-blinded trial to receive spinal anesthesia with either hyperbaric or plain bupivacaine 9 mg with fentanyl 20 microg for elective cesarean delivery. A combined spinal-epidural technique was used. The onset and duration of anesthesia (absence of pinprick sensation), analgesia (absence of sharp sensation to ...
Stamer U M - - 1999
Regional anaesthetic techniques in obstetrics have gained more and more importance during the last few years. Several surveys published recently show a remarkable increase in caesarean sections performed under regional anaesthesia, in many countries. Furthermore, epidural analgesia has proved to be one of the most effective methods of pain relief ...
Palm S J - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: Meningospinal and cranial dural adhesions were compared in a canine model, after duraplasty using nonpenetrating clips or penetrating needles and sutures. METHODS: Fourteen dogs underwent bilateral craniotomies and duraplasties, with implantation of dural prostheses (DuraGuard; Biovascular Corp., Minneapolis, MN), using either 6-0 silk sutures or titanium clips (DuraClose; Surgical ...
Saitoh Y - - 1999
We have examined onset and recovery of neuromuscular block produced by vecuronium using either post-tetanic count (PTC), or the first twitch of the train-of-four (TOF) (T1/T0) and TOF ratio (T4/T1) during continuous infusion of nicardipine. Sixty adult patients were allocated to one of four groups of 15 patients each: nicardipine-PTC, ...
Kenny G N - - 1999
We describe the use of a closed-loop system to control depth of propofol anaesthesia automatically. We used the auditory evoked potential index (AEPindex) as the input signal of this system to validate it as a true measure of depth of anaesthesia. Auditory evoked potentials were acquired and processed in real ...
Gunawardana R H - - 1999
A low preoperative hemoglobin (Hb) concentration creates a dilemma for the anesthetist to proceed or not. The authors prospectively studied the perioperative morbidity of 200 healthy infants and children (age range 3 mon-5 years) with preoperative Hb values > or = 7 g/dl, undergoing cleft lip and palate surgery under ...
Okojie P - - 1999
A prospective controlled, longitudinal study investigated the immediate and delayed complications of epidural analgesia in labour. One hundred and twenty-two parturients were studied: 81 had epidurals in labour and 41 had other forms of analgesia. Each parturient was studied over a period of 6 weeks. Epidural analgesia in labour and ...
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