Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 632
< 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Crawford-Sykes A - - 2005
There has been an increasing trend worldwide to use regional anaesthesia for operative deliveries. The Confidential Enquiry into Maternal Deaths in the United Kingdom has demonstrated a steady decline in the anaesthesia-related deaths since the introduction of regional anaesthesia. There are lower morbidity profiles in mothers delivering under regional anaesthesia ...
Tufan Kadir - - 2005
The treatment of spinal tuberculosis is a challenging and controversial problem. The authors present the rare case of an 8-month-old infant with dorsolumbar junction tuberculosis. The child did not sit or stand and a hump was noted on his back. Radiological evaluations demonstrated destruction by a tuberculous abscess of the ...
Tröbs Ralf-Bodo - - 2005
In an 8-week-old infant, kyphosis caused by destruction of the 7th thoracic vertebra was observed. A paraspinal mass and narrowing of the spinal canal due to vertebral osteomyelitis were present. Treatment with antibiotics and bracing was carried out with no evidence of neurologic disturbances over a follow-up period of 24 ...
Duncan N D - - 2005
The replacement of eviscerated bowel, without anaesthesia, has been performed safely in stable neonates with gastroschisis. This technique, termed "minimal intervention management", was used in three infants treated at the Newborn Special Care Nursery of the University Hospital of the West Indies. Two infants had excellent results but one had ...
Tripi Paul A - - 2005
Automatic atrial tachycardia (AAT) is a rare supraventricular tachyarrhythmia (<10% of all supraventricular tachycardias), which can present in infants or young children. There are no published reports of AAT occurring in an infant or child following noncardiac surgery and general anesthesia. This report describes the management of a previously healthy ...
Köro─člu A - - 2005
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to report our experience concerning the effectiveness, complications and safety of spinal anaesthesia, and to determine whether spinal anaesthesia was effective in full-term infants undergoing elective inguinal hernia repair. METHODS: Sixty-eight full-term infants aged < 6 months were included in the ...
Peterson Michael A - - 2005
Lumbar puncture is a common procedure performed in the emergency department for evaluation of several life-threatening conditions, including meningitis and subarachnoid hemorrhage. We describe the use of bedside ultrasound to assist in performance of the lumbar puncture in situations where the standard "blind" technique of needle insertion using palpable spinal ...
Nickel U S - - 2005
A case of spinal anesthesia in an extremely low birth weight male infant (body weight of 930 g at time of surgery) is presented. He was born prematurely at a gestational age of 27 weeks because of a placenta tumor and had to undergo inguinal herniotomy at 34 weeks postconceptional ...
Driessen J J - - 2005
BACKGROUND: We have evaluated the use of the TOF-Guard (TOF, train-of-four) acceleromyographic thumb responses to ulnar nerve stimulation in neonates and infants and the return of the responses after neuromuscular blockade. METHODS: Baseline acceleromyographic recording of thumb adduction to ulnar nerve stimulation during volatile anaesthesia was performed in 22 babies ...
Kupietzky Ari - - 2005
Since the recommended time for a child's first dental visit is early, it is essential that pediatric dentists be familiar with all possible pathologies occurring during this early period of life. The parents of infants and toddlers who notice in their child a "tongue-tie" (ankyloglossia) are likely to turn first ...
Stolik-Dollberg Orit C - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Analgesia for neonatal circumcision was recently advocated for every male infant, and its use is considered essential by the American Academy of Pediatrics. We compared the post-operative analgesic quality of bupivacaine to that of lidocaine for achieving dorsal penile nerve block (DPNB) when performing neonatal circumcision. METHODS: Data were ...
Katznelson Rita - - 2005
BACKGROUND: The main goals of diagnostic cardiac catheterization (DCC) in infants are to evaluate the anatomy and physiology of congenital and acquired cardiac defects while maintaining normal respiratory and hemodynamic variables. The aims of anesthesia for infants undergoing DCC are to prevent pain and movement during the procedure. General anesthesia ...
Darwish Balsam - - 2004
We describe a newborn infant (<24 hours of age) who presented with mild swelling on the back and buttocks attributable to a neuroenteric fistula complicated by an epidural parasacral abscess infected with mixed coliforms. Epidural abscesses in infancy are extremely rare, and one has not been observed previously in the ...
Klaunberg Brenda A - - 2004
We sought to determine whether any of the common methods of euthanasia for adult rodents would lead to an acceptable death for fetuses or neonates. We wanted to identify a method that was rapid, free of signs of pain or distress, reliable, and minimally distressful to the person performing the ...
Zhang Xi - - 2004
In this communication, we report the synthesis of the three generations of Fréchet-type poly(aryl ether) dendrimers with a diselenide core that demonstrate generation-dependent glutathione peroxidase (GPx) activity with initial reduction rates as high as 2431.20 muM min-1 for the third-generation product, around 1400 times faster than Ebselen. It represents a ...
Lee Lorri A - - 2004
BACKGROUND: The authors used the American Society of Anesthesiologists Closed Claims Project database to identify specific patterns of injury and legal liability associated with regional anesthesia. Because obstetrics represents a unique subset of patients, claims with neuraxial blockade were divided into obstetric and nonobstetric groups for comparison. METHODS: The American ...
Van de Velde M - - 2004
The present case series evaluated maternal and neonatal effects of remifentanil, combined with propofol, during general anaesthesia for caesarean delivery. Following written informed consent, ten patients scheduled for semi-elective caesarean section were recruited to this prospective, unblinded trial. All patients with non-reassuring fetal status were excluded. A 0.50-micrograms/kg bolus of ...
Uhríková Daniela - - 2004
The phase preferences of egg yolk phosphatidylcholine (EYPC) have been examined in the presence of tertiary amine anesthetics [2-(propyloxy)phenyl]-2-(1-piperidinyl)ethyl ester of carbamic acid (C3A) and [2-(heptyloxy)phenyl]-2-(1-piperidinyl)ethyl ester of carbamic acid (C7A, heptacaine). Using the synchrotron small-angle X-ray diffraction (SAXD), it is shown that the C3A anesthetic induces the cubic and ...
Langer Jacob C - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: Ramstedt pyloromyotomy is a common operation in infants and is often done by general surgeons. We wished to determine whether there are any differences in outcome when this procedure is done by subspecialist pediatric general surgeons as compared with general surgeons. METHODS: All Ramstedt pyloromyotomies in the province of ...
Rapp H-J - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Rocuronium bromide, a steroid nondepolarizing muscle relaxant, has a rapid onset and an intermediate duration of action in infants, children and adults. However, clinical evidence shows a longer duration of recovery in small infants. The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of age on rocuronium recovery ...
Lee Jaemin - - 2004
PURPOSE: Dental damage may occur with laryngoscopy. The purpose of this study was twofold: to determine whether preoperative examination could predict the risk of contacting the teeth with the laryngoscope and to evaluate the effectiveness of a modified Macintosh blade on reducing dental contact. METHODS: Four hundred and eighty-three patients ...
Saab Rola Nazih RN Department of Family Medicine, American University of Beirut, Beirut, Lebanon. - - 2004
The number of infants born prematurely has been increasing over the past few years; their survival rate has also been increasing because of the multiple advances in health care. The premature infants usually have a number of medical problems, asphyxia, ROP, NEC, HMD, BPD, deficient drug metabolism, IVH, hematologic derangements, ...
Capogna Giorgio - - 2004
New low-dose, local anesthetic-opioid combinations, combined spinal epidural analgesia, and new anesthetic drugs, such as ropivacaine and levobupivacaine, have modified the anesthetic practice in obstetric labor analgesia. These new analgesic techniques have less or no neonatal effects when compared with traditional epidural labor analgesia. They also have less effect on ...
Cox Robin G - - 2004
PURPOSE: To describe the anesthetic concerns and management options in an infant with acute viral bronchiolitis who required emergency surgery. CLINICAL FEATURES: A 12-week-old infant presented to the emergency department with an incarcerated right inguinal hernia. The history was complicated by concurrent acute bronchiolitis. As the hernia was irreducible, emergency ...
Mazoit Jean-Xavier - - 2004
Amide local anaesthetics used for regional anaesthesia in paediatric patients are potent sodium channel blockers with marked stereospecificity, which consistently influences their action, especially their toxic action on the heart. At toxic concentrations, they induce severe arrhythmias with the potential for cardiac arrest. These agents are all bound to serum ...
Karaman S - - 2004
Ritodrine, a beta-sympathicomimetic drug that is frequently used for the prevention of preterm birth. Preterm delivery is an important cause of low birth weight. One of the most important side-effects of ritodrine is pulmonary edema. In patients developing pulmonary edema after ritodrine therapy, aggressive fluid resuscitation during the operation period ...
Ay Binnaz - - 2004
A 2-mo-old infant with paramyotonia congenita was scheduled for pyloromyotomy and repair of inguinal hernia. Diagnosis of paramyotonia congenita was done with positive family history, myotonia at eyelids, provocation by cold, and electromyogram analysis. Anesthesia was induced via face mask with sevoflurane at 4 minimum alveolar anesthetic concentration in oxygen. ...
Watanabe Ken-ichi - - 2003
Traumatic perilymph fistula is reported to be rare in infants because of the small size of the infant external meatus. We treated an infant with a traumatic perilymph fistula in the right ear. A metallic wire had penetrated the tympanic membrane. Horizontal-rotatory nystagmus was also observed. Computed tomographic images revealed ...
Hecker Klaus E - - 2003
In a previous study, we described a partial antagonism of xenon (Xe) in combination with isoflurane. One hypothetical explanation suggested that Xe and isoflurane probably induced anesthesia via different pathways at the neuronal level. This warranted investigating the combination of Xe with other inhaled anesthetics to examine the relationship between ...
Kim Gaab Soo - - 2003
To compare the postoperative outcome according to the type of anesthesia, formerly prematured and high-risk infants who had received and weaned ventilator care preoperatively and had undergone inguinal herniorrhaphy were enrolled in this study. Immediate pre- and post-operative respiratory data which contained the lowest respiratory rates, SpO2, heart rates and ...
Lederhaas George - - 2003
The use of spinal anaesthesia in children has been primarily limited to situations in which general anaesthesia was considered to pose an excessive risk. The ex-premature infant and the neurologically impaired child account for the majority of spinal anaesthetics used today. Spinal anaesthesia, compared with general anaesthesia, in the ex-premature ...
Allegaert K - - 2003
Perioperative management and complications during and after surgery were reviewed in a population of premature infants who received cryotherapy because of threshold retinopathy by retrospective analysis of medical, anaesthetic, and ophthalmologic files. Infants (n=31) who received cryotherapy between January 1, 1996 and January 1, 2001 and were treated during the ...
Gerber Andreas C - - 2003
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Postoperative apnoea is known to threaten preterm and ex-preterm infants undergoing surgery for inguinal hernia. Awake regional anaesthesia, initially spinal and later caudal anaesthesia have been suggested as effective techniques to avoid these complications. However, most herniotomies in this group of patients are still performed under general ...
Sümpelmann Robert - - 2003
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Although postoperative analgesia in infants and children should be an integral part of the perioperative management, undertreatment of pain is not rare in clinical practice and may influence outcome and long term behaviour. Therefore, this review summarizes results of recent papers and discusses actual trends and future ...
van Rhijn Lodewijk W - - 2003
A pilot study was performed to determine if thoracic and double thoracic lumbar scolioses can successfully be treated by applying a lumbar brace. In some of the patients application of a thoracic brace yielded insufficient correction of the lumbar curve. As the response of a curve to application of a ...
Mendonca C - - 2003
Eighty-seven pregnant mothers undergoing elective Caesarean section were randomly allocated either to the full left lateral position (n = 45) or to the supine position with 12 degrees left lateral tilt (n = 42) after a combined spinal-epidural (CSE) in the sitting position and an initial 2 min in the ...
Petropoulos G - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To compare general, epidural and combined spinal-epidural anesthesia with respect to short-term outcome of newborns delivered by elective Cesarean section of healthy parturients with normal pregnancies. STUDY DESIGN: A total of 238 eight pregnant women admitted to our institution between January 1998 and July 2002, for whom elective Cesarean ...
Vas Lakshmi - - 2003
BACKGROUND: This prospective study aimed to assess the extent of spread of dye in the epidural space and whether it would vary in direct proportion to the volume when injecting two volumes of dye. METHODS: Ten infants, aged 2-36 days (mean +/- SD, 13.30 +/- 13.68 days) and weighing 1.8-4.5 ...
Clarkson R M - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Sodium hypochlorite is used commonly as an endodontic irrigant, but there are no published reports that provide details of its use. This survey sought to determine the percentage of Australian dentists who practiced endodontics, whether they used sodium hypochlorite for irrigation, and the manner of dilution, storage and dispensing ...
Ramanathan Jaya - - 2003
Severe pre-eclampsia is a complex disease, which taxes the expertise of even the most experienced obstetric anesthesiologist. The treatment should focus on stabilization of blood pressure, optimization of fluid status, and prevention of convulsions. Neuraxial blocks for labor and delivery offer many benefits to the mother and her infant. For ...
Loeckinger Alex - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Sevoflurane, an inhalational anesthetic frequently administered to infants, prolongs the QT interval of the electrocardiogram in adults. A long QT interval resulting in fatal arrhythmia may also be responsible for some cases of sudden death in infants. As the QT interval increases during the second month of life and ...
Hughes Jacqueline A - - 2003
PURPOSE: The aims of this study were to evaluate normal spinal anatomy in neonates and infants as seen by 3-dimensional sonography (3D US), to determine the value of 3D US in the evaluation of occult spinal dysraphia in infants, and to correlate the findings of 3D US with those of ...
Baumgarder Dennis J - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Epidural anesthesia is commonly administered to laboring women. Some studies have suggested that epidural anesthesia might inhibit breast-feeding. This study explores the association between labor epidural anesthesia and early breast-feeding success. METHODS: Standardized records of mother-baby dyads representing 115 consecutive healthy, full-term, breast-feeding newborns delivered vaginally of mothers receiving ...
Somri Mostafa - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Hypertrophic pyloric stenosis is a relatively common disorder of the gastrointestinal tract in infancy, causing projectile vomiting and metabolic abnormalities. Surgical management in the form of pyloromyotomy under general anaesthesia has been reported as safe for relieving the obstructed bowel. A number of studies have demonstrated the advantages of ...
Craven P D - - 2003
With improvements in neonatal intensive care, more premature infants are surviving the neonatal period. With this increase, more are presenting for surgery in early infancy. Of predominance in this period is the repair of inguinal herniae, appearing in 38% of infants whose birth weight is between 751g and 1000g. Most ...
Vilà R - - 2002
This study compares spinal anaesthesia for inguinal herniotomy in preterm infants in the lateral or sitting position. Thirty patients were randomly divided into two equal groups. One hour before spinal anaesthesia, a eutetic mixture of local anaesthetic cream was applied to the lower lumbar spine. Sedation with nitrous oxide 50% ...
Mazoit Jean Xavier - - 2002
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Epidural blocks (caudal, lumbar or thoracic) are of common use in paediatric patients for special procedures such as open fundoplication as well as for postoperative analgesia. However, because neonates and infants have lower metabolic capacities and specific anatomy as compared to adults, the dose of local anaesthetics ...
Andrews Katharine - - 2002
Postoperative wound sensitivity following abdominal surgery in neonates and infants has been little investigated, and is not well understood. Our aim was to quantify this sensitivity using the abdominal skin reflex (ASR), and to test the hypothesis that the threshold of this reflex would decrease following surgery, and would increase ...
Fellmann Claudia - - 2002
Awake regional anaesthesia for inguinal hernia repair in former preterm infants is suggested to avoid life-threatening respiratory complications known to occur after general anaesthesia. Caudal anaesthesia is becoming a more popular technique for this purpose. To prolong duration of anaesthesia and to reduce postoperative need for analgesics in these infants, ...
Ben-David Bruce - - 2002
Perhaps the clearest picture of the numbers and types of injuries from regional anesthesia is provided by the ASA Closed Claims Project database. In reviewing these data, it is valuable to keep in mind, of course, that the lack of a denominator makes the calculation of incidence impossible. For the ...
< 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >