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Results 601 - 632 of 632
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Fox G S - - 1979
This study was designed to re-evaluate neonatal condition at birth following elective cesarean section performed with epidural anesthesia and a modified technique of general anesthesia. Two groups of 20 patients were studied. Twenty received epidural anesthesia with 2 per cent lidocaine-carbon dioxide-epinephrine, and 20 patients were given general anesthesia. Modifications ...
Weninger M - - 1979
In two quite different geographical regions--Moçambique and Hierro (an island of the Canaries)--observations have been made which point to an influence of climatic conditions on head dimensions: In localities of higher altitude or/and with colder climate maximum head breadth, minimum frontal breadth and auricular height proved to show higher dimensions ...
McGuinness G A - - 1978
A recent study found no neurobehavioral change in infants whose mothers received bupivacaine epidural anesthesia (112 +/- 7 mg) for labor and vaginal delivery. The present study was undertaken to examine the possibility that the larger doses of bupivicaine necessary for cesarean section might cause neurobehavioral changes in the neonate. ...
Hollmen A I - - 1978
Elective cesarean section was performed in a consecutive series of 30 patients with full-term pregnancies who were not in labor. Epidural (lidocaine, 1.5 per cent, with epinephrine, 1:200,000) and general anesthesia (thiopental, nitrous oxide-oxygen, succinylcholine infusion) was used alternately. Neonatal acid-base values and Apgar scores showed no significant difference between ...
Scott J R - - 1978
Serial radiographic studies were used in a prospective study of tracheostomy healing in 30 consecutive infants and children. The examinations were simple, required no anesthesia or sedation, and were coordinated with decannulation of the tracheostomy. In 22 of 30, the tracheostomy site healed normally; in four of these 22 patients ...
Kenney A - - 1978
A case of locked twins is described in which delivery of the aftercoming head of the first infant, which presented by the breech, was prevented by the presence below it of the head of the second infant, which presented by the vertex. Disimpaction under lumbar epidural analgesia was achieved, the ...
Edjtehadi M - - 1978
1. Satisfactory surgical anaesthesia in sheep was achieved by i.v. injection of thiopentone sodium per se (20 mg/kg); and also with thiopentone/methoxyflurane and thiopentone/halothane anaesthetics (2--3% and 1.5--2%, respectively). 2. Cardiac arrhythmias were not observed during thiopentone sodium, thiopentone/methoxyflurane and thiopentone/halothane anaesthesia. However, during thiopentone anaesthesia, one sheep displayed a ...
Holdsworth J D - - 1978
The use of apomorphine is investigated as an alternative to the use of a stomach tube to empty the stomachs of patients in labour prior to the induction of general anaesthesia. Apomorphine was found to be much pleasanter for the patients, to be just as effective as a stomach tube ...
Green R A - - 1978
The last twenty-five years have provided a continuing success story in the achievement of satisfactory obstetric analgesia. Maternal mortality and morbidity from general anaesthesia has not decreased substantially. Mothers still run the same risk of inhalational pneumonitis and are even more likely to suffer the distressing experience of awareness. It ...
Lauwers P - - 1978
Death due to anesthesia is a tragic paradox. The numbers about the frequency of anesthesia-related-death published in many reports have a relative value, as it is impossible to compare them one to another. A synoptic table of 20 important studies made on this subject, shows a great variation in figures ...
Caldwell J - - 1977
The blood levels of bupivacaine administered epidurally during labour have been determined in mother, fetus and the newborn infant by quantitative single ion monitoring, following gas chromatographic separation. Concentrations were determined from the height of the peak obtained at m/e 140 derived from bupivacaine compared with that at m/e 154 ...
Hassan S Z - - 1977
This report summarizes experience with caudal anesthesia in 70 infants ranging in age from 4 to 110 weeks, selected at random from among infants undergoing routine surgical procedures. In 50 infants, lidocaine 1.5% and in 20 infants, mepivacaine 1.5%, was used. In 35 cases, the dosage of the drug to ...
Hodgkinson R - - 1977
Scanlon's neurobehavioral tests were administered to 274 neonates on the 1st and 2nd days of life. Ketamine-N2O anesthesia had been given to 45 mothers, thiopental-N2O to 52, and lumbar extradural anesthesia with chloroprocaine to 177. All babies delivered from mothers receiving meperidine within 5 hours of delivery were excluded. All ...
James F M FM - - 1977
Controversy exists concerning the choice of anesthetic technic for elective cesarean section. Several maternal and newborn parameters were compared during general anesthesia (GA) and lumbar epidural analgesia (LEA). High inspired maternal O2 levels were achieved with both technics. Vigorous, well-oxygenated infants with good umbilical-cord acid-base values were delivered during both ...
Kyllerman M - - 1977
A case of infantile spinal muscular atrophy (Werdnig-Hoffmann's disease) with complete proximal pareses obvious at birth giving rise to neonatal asphyxia is reported. Reduction of fetal movements was noted from the 32nd week of pregnancy. The infant was extremely floppy at birth and spontaneous movements were restricted to hands, feet ...
Evans J M - - 1976
Naloxone 40 mug was administered intravenously one minute after birth to 20 out of 44 neonates whose mother had been given pethidine in labour. These neonates were compared with 20 others whose mothers had had only lumbar epidural block. Alveolar PCO2, alveolar ventilation, and ventilatory rate were measured 10 and ...
Salts L - - 1976
Because of the minimal effects on mother and fetus, regional anesthetic technics are widely employed for labor and delivery. However, the literature describes at least 35 fetal and neonatal deaths and a frightening incidence of fetal distress associated with paracervical block for 1st-stage labor. Continuous lumbar epidural anesthesia for 1st-stage ...
Scanlon J W - - 1976
The neurobehavioral status of 20 newborn infants was evaluated after two to four hours of life following maternal epidural anesthesia with bupivacaine for labor and vaginal delivery. All infants were normal products of uncomplicated full-term gestations. The 20 infants, whose mothers had received continuous lumbar epidural anesthesia with bupivacaine, demonstrated ...
David H - - 1976
A retrospective survey has been carried out of 6442 births during 1973-1974 in Cardiff. Lumbar epidural block had been administered to the mothers of 13-7% (885) of the births, the principle indication being relief of pain. In the management of the mother special emphasis was laid upon avoiding aorto-caval compression. ...
Sahlstedt - - 1976
A method is described by which simultaneous arthrography of the talocrural and talonavicular joints is performed on neonates and small infants with a high degree of success and a very low risk of complications. From films exposed in exact, standardized projections, valuable and highly reproducible information is obtained about the ...
Lee C - - 1976
The neuromuscular block produced by neomycin is unique. Despite nearly complete blockade of the twitch the tetanus is not blocked and does not fade. The pathognomonic post-tetanic exhaustion has not been reported previously. Anticholinesterases and calcium antagonize the block, but the antagonism may not be complete. Germine antagonizes the block ...
Leidelmeyer R - - 1976
A technique for removal of broken-off needles embedded in the sole of the foot is described. Posteroanterior and lateral x-ray films with a radiopaque marker at the needle entry point make it possible to calculate the position of the needle. Using the marker as a third point of reference, solid ...
Snow J W - - 1976
We present a technique to help remove the precise amount of nasal hump at exactly the previously determined level.
Cook D R - - 1976
The young infant differs from the adult in his quantitative responses to many anaesthetic drugs and adjuncts. In the neonate, the larger extracellular fluid volume and blood volume, the smaller muscle mass and fat stores, and presumable greater blood flow to the central organs, not only influence the distribution of ...
Magno R - - 1976
A rise in fetal Paco2 was observed after elective cesarean section in patients anesthetized both with a barbiturate and with nitrous oxide/oxygen. Epidural analgesia seemed to be a good alternative in order to attain better blood gas values in the newborn infant. Fourteen healthy mothers and their infants were studied ...
Kleine J W - - 1976
A patient known to suffer from CNSLD was to undergo cervical lymph node dissection for gingival carcinoma. Pneumothorax developed immediately after introduction of anesthesia. In addition to the usual physical diagnostic signs, an abrupt decrease in amplitude of the QRS- complex and T -waves was observed in the ECG on ...
Crawford J S - - 1975
A series of 102 patients with a multiple pregnancy (including three sets of triplets) delivered vaginally is presented. An epidural block was provided for 55 of these patients, and comparisons were made between these patients and those who did not have an epidural block. There was a higher incidence of ...
Goudsouzian N G - - 1975
A cumulative dose-response curve for d-tubocurarine based on body weight was determined for 44 infants and children 1 day to 7 years of age during halothane, nitrous oxide and oxygen anesthesia. Depression of thumb adduction was measured. Age difference did not affect the mean dose-effect response. Infants less than 10 ...
Baum J D - - 1975
Nineteen infants with acidosis associated with RDS were studied following the infusion of: (1) 0.58M (7%) THAM over 30 seconds; (2) molar bicarbonate over 30 seconds; (3) molar bicarbonate over 2 minutes; and (4) molar bicarbonate over 5 minutes. PaC02 fell after THAM; PaC02 rose sharply after bicarbonate and remained ...
Crawford J S - - 1975
A study of 405 patients revealed that the substitution of 0.1% trichloroethylene for 0.1% methoxyflurane in a previously established technique of anaesthesia led to no remarkable changes in the incidence of postoperative nausea, vomiting or headache. There was, however, an increase in the incidence of awareness from 3.5% to 5.1%. ...
Bodlander F M - - 1975
The incidence of deaths associated with anaesthesia at Royal Prince Alfred Hospital for the period 1963-72 inclusive was 1:502. An analysis of the 408 deaths showed that more than half of them occurred in association with major cardiovascular and neurosurgical procedures. The number of deaths attributable to anaesthesia alone was ...
CROSSLAND N O - - 1962
The author describes a sampling technique suitable for estimating the population densities of African aquatic snails in the field by the removal of a plug of mud and its subsequent detailed examination. This device has been used in field trials with the molluscicides ICI 24223 and Bayer 73. Estimates of ...
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