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Results 551 - 600 of 625
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Fisher J T - - 1983
We tested the hypothesis that different anesthetic techniques for elective cesarean section would be reflected in the pattern of breathing and its control after birth. The pattern of breathing, including tidal volume, total breath duration (TTOT), minute ventilation, inspiratory (TI) and expiratory times, TI/TTOT ratio, and mouth occlusion pressure, was ...
Brooks G Z - - 1983
The effect of epidural morphine on the duration of action of epidural 2-chloroprocaine was studied in a double-blind fashion in 30 patients following elective Caesarean section. When compared to epidural saline controls (n = 15), patients (n = 15) who received epidural morphine (4.0-5.0 mg) did not experience a prolongation ...
Bergman I - - 1983
Lumbar epidural abscess and vertebral osteomyelitis were diagnosed in a 3-month-old infant, born prematurely, who had had repeated lumbar punctures for the treatment of posthemorrhagic hydrocephalus. Staphylococcus aureus was the causative organism. Successful treatment was achieved with 6 weeks of intravenous antibiotics without surgical drainage. Infectious complications of lumbar punctures ...
Migdal C - - 1983
A prospective trial of topical antiprostaglandins versus placebo in the treatment of postoperative fistulising surgery followed up for 12 months is described. It is concluded that antiprostaglandins have little place in the management of these cases. A photographic record of evolution of the fistulising bleb is described, together with a ...
Baraka A - - 1983
Vecuronium (Org NC 45) was used in 27 parturients undergoing elective cesarean section under general anesthesia. One of the parturients had a twin pregnancy. Neuromuscular transmission was assessed clinically by stimulating the ulnar nerve and observing the contraction of the fingers. An initial bolus of 0.05 mg . kg-1 of ...
Abboud T K - - 1983
The effects of epidural anesthesia on maternal blood pressure, newborn Apgar scores, neonatal acid-base status, and the early neonatal neurobehavioral scale (ENNS) were studied in 54 pregnant women undergoing cesarean section. Maternal and neonatal blood levels of the local anesthetics were also determined. Group 1 (n = 16) received 0.75% ...
Okasha A S - - 1983
The effects of continuous lumbar epidural analgesia for normal labour were studied in 28 women with pre-eclampsia and in 15 normal women who served as control. Maternal hemodynamics, acid-base and blood gas findings were examined. Newborn infants were assessed by Apgar Scores together with umbilical vein and artery blood gas ...
James H E - - 1983
An infant with a lumbosacral spinal subcutaneous and intraspinal lipoma involving the conus medullaris was studied with computed tomography and high resolution real time ultrasonography to determine the extent and location of the disease before operation. The high resolution ultrasonogram demonstrated the abnormality with good detail and the added advantage ...
Richmond J C - - 1983
In a retrospective review of 64 knees (58 patients) treated during a 36-month period by segmental arthroscopic resection of a hypertrophic mediopatellar plica, each patient was questioned and/or examined a minimum of one year after surgery. Medial or retropatellar pain (95%), buckling (32%), swelling (25%), and snapping (16%) were symptoms ...
Sutherland G A - - 1983
This study determined the characteristics of the neuromuscular block which followed intramuscular succinylcholine 4 mg . kg-1 in 20 infants during halothane anaesthesia. The infants were divided into two groups of ten; the first received succinylcholine in two percent solution and the second in five per cent solution. The mean ...
Abboud T K - - 1983
The effects of epidural anesthesia on the early neonatal neurobehavioral scale (ENNS) following delivery were studied in 22 parturients given 1.5% lidocaine epidural anesthesia during labor and delivery. These results were compared to those obtained in a control group of 17 neonates whose mothers received no analgesics, medications, or local ...
Friesen R H - - 1983
We evaluated hemodynamic changes during inhalation induction of isoflurane anesthesia in 60 healthy infants aged 5-26 weeks who were randomly divided into two groups of 30 patients each. In group 1 anesthesia was induced using isoflurane in concentrations that were increased to 3.5%. In group 2, 0.02 mg/kg of atropine ...
Kanzaki J - - 1983
The postoperative cavity made by intact canal wall tympanoplasty for aural cholesteatoma was observed by inserting an aural attico-antroscopy (3A-scopy), developed by improving the antroscope for observations of the maxillary sinus, through a small incision made in the retroauricular region under local anesthesia. The 3A-scopy was effective in postoperative observations ...
Zahavi I - - 1983
There is a great lack of information about general anesthesia in small infant animals. We developed a safe method using Halothane to maintain anesthesia in 20 infant rabbits weighing 100-150 g. Halothane was administered through a modified T piece using a small finger cot in order to minimize the dead ...
Zagorzycki M T - - 1982
One-hundred and ninety-five elective cesarean deliveries were studied to determine the effects of general and epidural anesthesia upon the neonatal condition, as reflected by the one and five minute Apgar scores. Ninety were performed under general anesthesia, 0.5 per cent halothane, 50 per cent nitrous oxide and 50 per cent ...
Gale R - - 1982
Three hundred seventy-four consecutive cases of cesarean section were reviewed retrospectively for differences in neonatal outcome with respect to method of anesthesia used. In 205 elective sections no difference in neonatal outcome was observed irrespective of anesthesia method. However, in 169 nonelective operations the proportion of neonates needing respiratory assistance ...
Kraftcheck D J - - 1982
Although circumcision is a controversial procedure, there will always be some parents who want their infants circumcised. This article demonstrates the technique pictorially, and recommends that in groups, one physician perform all the circumcisions, in order to maintain the skill.
Peterson H B - - 1981
Although complications of anesthesia are now the leading cause of death from abortion at less than or equal to 12 weeks' gestation, the comparative risk of death from abortions performed with local versus general anesthesia is unknown. To estimate this risk for both anesthesia-related and nonanesthesia-related legal abortion deaths at ...
Swanström S - - 1981
Effects of obstetric regional analgesia and of asphyxia on the arterial blood glucose concentrations were investigated in 83 newborn infants divided into a control group, an asphyxia group, a continuous epidural, and a paracervical + pudendal block group. Lidocaine was used in the analgesia groups. All infants except those of ...
Swanström S - - 1981
Effects of obstetric regional analgesia and of asphyxia on the arterial blood gases and acid-base balance in the first two hours after birth were investigated in 85 newborn infants divided into a control group, an asphyxia group and a continuous epidural, an intermittent epidural and a paracervical + pudendal block ...
Swanström S - - 1981
Effects of obstetric regional analgesia and of asphyxia on the arterial blood concentrations of the lipid metabolites: glycerol, free fatty acids and beta-hydroxybutyrate were investigated in 85 newborn infants divided into a control group, an asphyxia group, a continuous epidural, an intermittent epidural and a paracervical + pudendal block group: ...
Friesen R H - - 1981
An indirect automatic blood pressure (BP) monitor utilizing the oscillometric principle and a microprocessor is now available for use in infants. This device was evaluated by comparing its systolic BP determinations with simultaneous Doppler systolic BP determinations in neonates and infants undergoing general anesthesia. Five determinations each were made in ...
Datta S - - 1981
The relationship of induction-to-delivery and uterine incision-to-delivery intervals to neonatal outcome was studied in 105 parturient women undergoing cesarean section. Sixty patients received general anesthesia and 55 were given spinal anesthesia. During general anesthesia, induction-to-delivery intervals of more than 8 minutes and uterine incision-to-delivery intervals of more than 3 minutes ...
Datta S - - 1981
Acid-base status and blood levels of bupivacaine were determined in 16 diabetic parturients and their infants after epidural anesthesia for cesarean section. The newborn infants were divided into two groups based on umbilical artery pH at birth. Group A consisted of 10 infants who had a pH of less than ...
Ramsay M A - - 1981
A technique of guided blind intubation is reported utilizing a small-bore needle and guide wire passed transtracheally. The advantage of this technique is that because of the minimal trauma involved, it can be used in small infants as well as adults.
Crawford J S - - 1981
Lumbar epidural analgesia is outstandingly the best and most reliable method of pain relief in labour. It offers great advantages to both mother and child in cases of obstetric or pertinent non-obstetric abnormality. However, it demands care and attention, and requires a conduct of labour which in some cases is ...
Crawford J S - - 1981
Service rendered the obstetric patient by the anaesthetist today includes the provision of anaesthesia for operative obstetric intervention, the provision of pain relief during labour and delivery, resuscitation of the infant immediately after birth and intensive care of the seriously ill mother or infant. The technique of general anaesthesia for ...
Sasaki A - - 1981
We present a suture method that allows removal of the stitches postoperatively without using scissors. This technique should have wide use in plastic surgery, especially for infants.
McDonald J S - - 1981
Acute fetal distress requires that the anesthesiologist use his skills and knowledge to achieve a safe anesthetic effect for both mother and infant. Techniques should be individualized in a manner dictated by the situation, and those techniques that least affect the fetus and maternal-fetal interrelationships should be employed. The anesthesiologist ...
Crumrine R S - - 1981
This study was conducted to measure neuromuscular transmission in newborn infants. Age-dependent differences in neuromuscular transmission and the effect of nitrous oxide anesthesia upon neuromuscular function were assessed in pediatric surgical patients following induction of anesthesia with methohexital by the use of the frequency sweep electromyogram (FS-EMG). Children older than ...
Carlsson C - - 1980
Lumbar epidural block was performed during labour in 50 healthy women, with 2% chloroprocaine in an initial dose of about 6 ml. Pain relief was achieved within 5 min and the mean duration of action was 43 min. The frequency of instrumental deliveries was lower than earlier obtained with bupivacaine. ...
Merkow A J - - 1980
The neonatal neurobehavioral effects of bupivacaine, mepivacaine, and 2-chloroprocaine used in random sequence for pudendal block anesthesia were studied. The neurobehavioral status of 54 infants was studied 4 and 24 hours after delivery. Except for a significant difference in the responses to pinprick, there was no significant effect of any ...
Bale P M - - 1980
Two well differentiated pure Paciniomas, bearing no resemblance to neurofibromas, were resected from infants with spinal deformities. Each was in the form of a thick cord running from a sacral dimple through a low occult spina bifida to the spinal dura. The lesions are considered to be a malformation or ...
Jackson M B - - 1980
Following an open pilot trial, meptazinol [m(3-ethyl-1-methyl-hexahydro-1-H-azepin-3-yl) phenol hydrochloride] was compared to pethidine in a single-blind study in women requiring analgesia during labour. Meptazinol provided significantly better analgesia than pethidine with similar but possibly less distressing maternal side effects. There were no obvious adverse effects in the newborn.
Crowhurst J A - - 1980
Salbutamol and related beta-2 sympathomimetic drugs have been used in Australia recently for the inhibition of premature labour and also to prevent uterine activity in acute foetal emergencies during labour. General anaesthesia in these situations presents the anaesthetist with a number of pharmacological difficulties, which can have profound effects on ...
Cumming D C - - 1979
A case of intrauterine testicular torison and infarction is described. Urgent exploration of the testis has been advocated in the management of this condition. However, the risks of early anesthesia in the immediate postdelivery period must be weighed against the chances of a successful outcome of the operation in preserving ...
Manawadu B R - - 1979
The effects of varying concentrations of halothane on tracheal ciliary activity were studied using a ferret tracheal organ culture technique. Using 1% and 2% halothane produced no impairment of ciliary activity, while 3% halothane caused some ciliostasis; 4% and 5% halothane produced rapid cessation of ciliary activity. Recovery was prompt ...
Lieberman B A - - 1979
The continuous fetal heart rate rate pattern, condition of the baby at birth and its subsequent behaviour were compared in three groups of infants whose mothers received during labour either no drugs, intramuscular pethidine or epidural bupivacaine. The blood levels of pethidine and bupivacaine were measured at delivery in a ...
Willdeck-Lund G - - 1979
Epidural block for vaginal delivery was given to 242 women during a 6-month period. Of these, 178 with a spontaneous start of labour and vaginal delivery were studied with respect to the effect of epidural block with bupivacaine-adrenaline on the course of labour and the condition of the infant in ...
Downing J W - - 1979
Thirty-two patients received lumbar extradural anaesthesia for elective Caesarean section. The results obtained from this series were compared with those from a similar (control) group of parturients who received general anaesthesia. The extradural group (mothers and infants) were metabolically acidaemic relative to control. However, maternal to fetal blood-gas differences were ...
Kristoffersen M B - - 1979
In a prospective study 589 patients were anaesthetized by the inhalation of cyclopropane 40% for 2--3 min. Relaxation was provided with suxamethonium and anaesthesia was maintained with cyclopropane 7.5%. The series was divided into four groups: patients in optimal condition (96 elective (group 1), 164 emergency (group 3)) and those ...
Datta S - - 1979
In 25 patients excellent clinical anesthesia for elective cesarean section was obtained with lumbar epidural block using an average dose of bupivacaine of 130 mg (18 ml of 0.75 per cent solution). Supplemental drugs were not needed. All infants had normal Apgar scores at delivery. Ten patients were kept in ...
Downing J W - - 1979
Thirty mothers undergoing elective Caesarean section received thiopentone 3.5 mg kg-1 and 30 received etomidate 0.3 mg kg-1 for induction of anaesthesia. Subsequent management of anaesthesia was identical in both groups. Maternal to fetal base excess differences and the degree of biochemical correlation between mother and infant were more favourable ...
Weninger M - - 1979
In two quite different geographical regions--Moçambique and Hierro (an island of the Canaries)--observations have been made which point to an influence of climatic conditions on head dimensions: In localities of higher altitude or/and with colder climate maximum head breadth, minimum frontal breadth and auricular height proved to show higher dimensions ...
Fox G S - - 1979
This study was designed to re-evaluate neonatal condition at birth following elective cesarean section performed with epidural anesthesia and a modified technique of general anesthesia. Two groups of 20 patients were studied. Twenty received epidural anesthesia with 2 per cent lidocaine-carbon dioxide-epinephrine, and 20 patients were given general anesthesia. Modifications ...
McGuinness G A - - 1978
A recent study found no neurobehavioral change in infants whose mothers received bupivacaine epidural anesthesia (112 +/- 7 mg) for labor and vaginal delivery. The present study was undertaken to examine the possibility that the larger doses of bupivicaine necessary for cesarean section might cause neurobehavioral changes in the neonate. ...
Scott J R - - 1978
Serial radiographic studies were used in a prospective study of tracheostomy healing in 30 consecutive infants and children. The examinations were simple, required no anesthesia or sedation, and were coordinated with decannulation of the tracheostomy. In 22 of 30, the tracheostomy site healed normally; in four of these 22 patients ...
Hollmen A I - - 1978
Elective cesarean section was performed in a consecutive series of 30 patients with full-term pregnancies who were not in labor. Epidural (lidocaine, 1.5 per cent, with epinephrine, 1:200,000) and general anesthesia (thiopental, nitrous oxide-oxygen, succinylcholine infusion) was used alternately. Neonatal acid-base values and Apgar scores showed no significant difference between ...
Kenney A - - 1978
A case of locked twins is described in which delivery of the aftercoming head of the first infant, which presented by the breech, was prevented by the presence below it of the head of the second infant, which presented by the vertex. Disimpaction under lumbar epidural analgesia was achieved, the ...
Holdsworth J D - - 1978
The use of apomorphine is investigated as an alternative to the use of a stomach tube to empty the stomachs of patients in labour prior to the induction of general anaesthesia. Apomorphine was found to be much pleasanter for the patients, to be just as effective as a stomach tube ...
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