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Mavrogenis Stelios S National Institute of Oncology, Department of Uro-oncology, Budapest, - - 2014
Abstract Objective: Undescended testis (cryptorchidism) is a common congenital abnormality of male genital organs diagnosed at birth followed with frequent postnatal descensus. However, the so-called isolated true undescended testis (ITUT) diagnosed at the third postnatal month seems to be an independent defect-entity and this hypothesis was planned to confirm or ...
Selemani Majige - - 2014
With a view to improve neonatal survival, data on birth outcomes are critical for planning maternal and child health care services. We present information on neonatal survival from Ifakara Health and Demographic Surveillance System (HDSS) in Tanzania, regarding the influence of mother's age and other related factors on neonatal survival ...
Razali Salmi S The Jean Hailes Research Unit, School of Public Health and Preventive Medicine, Monash University, Australia; Discipline of Psychological and Behavioural Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Universiti Teknologi MARA, - - 2014
Infant abandonment and infanticide are poorly understood in Malaysia. The information available in the public arena comes predominantly from anecdotal sources. The aim of this study was to describe the prevalence and characteristics of infanticide and illegal infant abandonment in Malaysia and to estimate annual rates for the most recent ...
Powis Kathleen K 1Departments of Internal Medicine and Pediatrics, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA United States; 2Harvard School of Public Health, Department of Immunology and Infectious Diseases, Boston, United States; 3Botswana Harvard AIDS Institute Partnership, Gaborone, Botswana; 4Brigham and Women's Hospital, Infectious Disease Division, Boston, United States; 5Center for Biostatistics in AIDS Research, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA, United States; 6Harvard School of Public Health, Department of Global Health and Population, Boston; 7Boston Children's Hospital, Division of Endocrinology, Boston, MA, United States, 8Division of Infectious Diseases, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Boston, MA, United - - 2014
Low maternal 25(OH)D (vitamin D) values have been associated with higher mortality and impaired growth among HIV-exposed uninfected (HEU) infants of antiretroviral (ART)-naïve women. These associations have not been studied among HEU infants of women receiving ART. We performed a nested case-control study in the Botswana Mma Bana Study, a ...
Liu Aihua A Department of Integrated Early Childhood Development, Capital Institute of Pediatrics , Beijing, China - - 2014
Abstract Background: Breastmilk is the best source of nourishment for infants and young children, and breastfeeding is one of the most effective ways to ensure child health and survival. In May 1981, the World Health Assembly adopted the International Code of Marketing Breast-Milk Substitutes. Since then several subsequent resolutions have ...
Burlando Alfredo A Department of Economics, University of Oregon, 1285 University of Oregon, Eugene, OR, 97403, USA, - - 2014
Determining whether power outages have significant fertility effects is an important policy question in developing countries, where blackouts are common and modern forms of family planning are scarce. Using birth records from Zanzibar, this study shows that a month-long blackout in 2008 caused a significant increase in the number of ...
Timm Lori L LL Downtown Aquarium Houston, Houston, Texas; Texas A&M University, Department of Marine Biology, Galveston, - - 2014
The common shovelnose ray (Glaucostegus typus) is a poorly studied species of the Rhinobatidae family that occurs throughout the Indo-West Pacific. Although common in aquariums throughout the United States, there are currently no records of captive birth events. In 2013, a female common shovelnose ray housed at the Downtown Aquarium ...
Villar José J Nuffield Department of Obstetrics & Gynaecology and Oxford Maternal & Perinatal Health Institute, Green Templeton College, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK. Electronic address: - - 2014
Large differences exist in size at birth and in rates of impaired fetal growth worldwide. The relative effects of nutrition, disease, the environment, and genetics on these differences are often debated. In clinical practice, various references are often used to assess fetal growth and newborn size across populations and ethnic ...
Obladen Michael M Department of Neonatology, Charité University Medicine Berlin, Berlin, - - 2014
Industrialized food production first appeared in 1856, pioneered by Borden in the USA, Liebig in Germany, Nestlé in Switzerland, and Mellin in the UK. Their products differed remarkably and deviated from human and cow's milk, and physicians discussed the importance of minute variations in protein, fat and carbohydrates. Proprietary formulas ...
Maldonado Linda L University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing, - - 2014
This study employed historical methodologies to explore the means through which the Maternity Care Coalition used grassroots activism to dismantle the power structures and other obstacles that contributed to high infant mortality rates in Philadelphia's health districts 5 and 6 during the 1980s. Infant mortality within the black community has ...
Kohler Timothy A TA Department of Anthropology, Washington State University, Pullman, WA 99164-4910;Santa Fe Institute, Santa Fe, NM 87501; andCrow Canyon Archaeological Center, Cortez, CO 81321 - - 2014
In many places of the world, a Neolithic Demographic Transition (NDT) is visible as a several-hundred-year period of increased birth rates coupled with stable mortality rates, resulting in dramatic population growth that is eventually curtailed by increased mortality. Similar processes can be reconstructed in particular detail for the North American ...
Kancherla Vijaya V Center for Spina Bifida Research, Prevention and Policy, Department of Epidemiology, Emory University Rollins School of Public Health, Atlanta, - - 2014
Background: The lifetime risk of death among individuals with spina bifida is 10-times higher compared with the general population. A population-based analysis on cause-specific mortality among individuals spina bifida is lacking. Methods: Using statewide, population-based New York Congenital Malformations Registry, we examined all births between years 1983 and 2006, and ...
Moseson Heidi H Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, CA, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
To establish representative local-area baseline estimates of maternal and neonatal mortality using a novel adjusted sisterhood method. The status of maternal and neonatal health in Bomi County, Liberia, was investigated in June 2013 using a population-based survey (n=1985). The standard direct sisterhood method was modified to account for place and ...
Homer Caroline Se - - 2014
The outcomes for women who give birth in hospital compared with at home are the subject of ongoing debate. We aimed to determine whether a retrospective linked data study using routinely collected data was a viable means to compare perinatal and maternal outcomes and interventions in labour by planned place ...
Batra Dushyant D http://orcid.org/0000-0002-8671-7648 Nottingham Neonatal Service, Nottingham University Hospitals, Nottingham, - - 2014
Neonatal herpes infection can have devastating outcomes for otherwise healthy babies. In the UK, the stated incidence is low at 1.65 per 100 000 live births, which is in contrast with an incidence of 33 per 100 000 in the USA. We aimed to discover the current incidence of neonatal herpes infection ...
Fowler Tom T 1 Field Epidemiology Services - West Midlands, Public Health England, Birmingham, UK2 Department of Public Health, Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, UK - - 2014
Winter deaths are a known health and social care challenge for many countries. A previous international comparison showed significant differences in excess winter deaths across Europe in the 1990s, with the northern countries having lower excess winter mortality than those in southern Europe. The Excess Winter Deaths Index (EWDI) is ...
Campbell Malcolm M Department of Geography, University of Canterbury, New - - 2014
Objective: To detect spatial clusters of high infant mortality rates in New Zealand for Māori and non-Māori populations and verify if these clusters are stable over a certain time period (1995-2008) and similar between the two populations. Method: We applied the Kulldorff's spatial scan statistics on data collected by New ...
Nikjooy A A University of Birmingham, Birmingham, - - 2014
Term expected admissions contribute to the existing workload of a neonatal unit. Our aim was to assess this workload, the categories of babies and future planning of the service. Badger clinical records were audited for all term (37+0 weeks and above) admissions to the neonatal unit (NNU) in the last ...
Duley L L University of Nottingham, Nottingham, - - 2014
Deferring cord clamping will allow blood flow between the placenta and baby to continue for a few minutes after birth; net flow is known as 'placental transfusion'. The Cochrane review suggests deferring cord clamping for preterm births may be beneficial. We have developed strategies for providing initial neonatal care at ...
Mirkovic Kelsey R KR Epidemic, Intelligence Service, Office of Public Health Scientific Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, USA Division of Nutrition, Physical Activity, and Obesity, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, USA - - 2014
The American Academy of Pediatrics recommends 6 months of exclusive breastfeeding, however, only 16% of US infants meet this recommendation. Shorter exclusive/predominant breastfeeding durations have been observed from women who return to work early and/or full-time. We assessed the relationship between prenatal plans for maternity leave duration and return to ...
Eze Ikenna C - - 2014
To protect the most vulnerable groups from malaria (pregnant women and infants) the Tanzanian Government introduced a subsidy (voucher) scheme in 2004, on the basis of a public-private partnership. These vouchers are provided to pregnant women at their first antenatal care visit and mothers of infants at measles vaccination. The ...
Pan Wenshi W School of Life Sciences, Peking University, Beijing, 100871, - - 2014
Direct intervention in infant delivery by non-parturient individuals is a rare phenomenon in nonhuman primates. In contrast, birth assistance by other individuals, or the practice of midwifery, is universal among human societies and generally believed to be a behavior unique to our species. It has been proposed that the enlarged ...
Morken Nils-Halvdan - - 2014
Whether gestational age per se increases perinatal mortality in post-term pregnancy is unclear. We aimed at assessing gestational week specific perinatal mortality in small-for-gestational-age (SGA) and non-SGA term and post-term gestations, and specifically to evaluate whether the relation between post-term gestation and perinatal mortality differed before and after ultrasound was ...
Mason Elizabeth E World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland. Electronic address: - - 2014
Remarkable progress has been made towards halving of maternal deaths and deaths of children aged 1-59 months, although the task is incomplete. Newborn deaths and stillbirths were largely invisible in the Millennium Development Goals, and have continued to fall between maternal and child health efforts, with much slower reduction. This ...
Lawn Joy E JE Centre for Maternal Reproductive & Child Health, and Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine, London, UK; Saving Newborn Lives/Save the Children USA, Washington, DC, USA; Research and Evidence Division, Department for International Development, London, UK. Electronic address: - - 2014
In this Series paper, we review trends since the 2005 Lancet Series on Neonatal Survival to inform acceleration of progress for newborn health post-2015. On the basis of multicountry analyses and multi-stakeholder consultations, we propose national targets for 2035 of no more than 10 stillbirths per 1000 total births, and ...
Kayode Gbenga A - - 2014
Neonatal mortality is a global challenge; identification of individual and community determinants associated with it are important for targeted interventions. However in most low and middle income countries (LMICs) including Ghana this problem has not been adequately investigated as the impact of contextual factors remains undetermined despite their significant influence ...
Kanté Almamy M - - 2014
Under-five mortality has been declining rapidly in a number of sub-Saharan African settings. Malaria-related mortality is known to be a major component of childhood causes of death and malaria remains a major focus of health interventions. The paper explored the contribution of malaria relative to other specific causes of under-five ...
Harknett Kristen K a University of - - 2014
Using data from the 2004 and 2007 waves of the European Social Survey (ESS), we find that for every 100 births intended, about 60 births occur, on average, across 22 countries. This shortfall in fertility masks substantial heterogeneity between subgroups within the populations surveyed. Motherhood status, age, partnership status, and ...
Wallander Jan L JL University of California, Merced, Merced, CA, United States. Electronic address: - - 2014
Resuscitation following birth asphyxia reduces mortality, but may be argued to increase risk for neurodevelopmental disability in survivors. To test the hypothesis that development of infants who received resuscitation following birth asphyxia is not significantly different through 36months of age from infants who had healthy births. Prospective observational cohort design ...
Wang Haidong H Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Remarkable financial and political efforts have been focused on the reduction of child mortality during the past few decades. Timely measurements of levels and trends in under-5 mortality are important to assess progress towards the Millennium Development Goal 4 (MDG 4) target of reduction of child mortality by two thirds ...
Ligeti Jacob Ruiter JR Jewish General Hospital, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, - - 2014
News media is an important source of information for expectant mothers. The purpose of our study was to evaluate the content and influence of the lay press in reporting of home birth. We carried out a search of the Lexis-Nexis news database using "home births" and "hospital births" keywords for ...
Nutter Elizabeth - - 2014
Despite a growing body of evidence for waterbirth safety, a myriad of political and cultural issues result in limited use in US hospitals compared to other developed nations. The purpose of this article is to critically analyze the evidence on maternal and neonatal outcomes of waterbirth to help inform evidence-based ...
Selmin Alessia A Department for Women and Neonatal Care, Abano Terme General Hospital, Abano, PD, - - 2014
This study aimed to verify whether the infantile hemangioma (IH) incidence in children whose placentas showed a chorangioma is higher than in the general population, thus addressing the hypothesized relationship between chorangioma and IH. All chorangioma diagnoses by the 1st Service of Pathology, University of Padova in 2004-2010, based on ...
Premji Shahirose S Faculty of Nursing, University of Calgary, 2500 University Drive NW, Calgary, AB, T2N 1N4, Canada, - - 2014
In low- and middle-income countries (LMIC), determinants of women's and children's health are complex and differential vulnerability may exist to risk factors of perinatal distress and preterm birth. We examined the contribution of maternal perinatal distress on preterm birth and infant health in terms of infant survival and mother-infant interaction. ...
Jaruratanasirikul Somchit S Faculty of Medicine, Prince of Songkla University, Hat Yai, Songkhla, 90110, Thailand, - - 2014
Neural tube defects (NTDs) are a group of congenital malformation of the central nervous system that leads to permanent physical disability and requires lifelong treatment. In Thailand, there have been three published articles on NTDs, all hospital-based studies, which found prevalence of NTDs of 4.8-6.7 per 10,000 live births. It ...
Ye Jiangfeng J Ministry of Education -Shanghai Key Laboratory of Children's Environmental Health, Xinhua Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai, - - 2014
Over the past three decades, the World Health Organization expert panel proposed cesarean delivery rate of 10-15 percent was used as a doctrine for an optimal rate of cesarean delivery despite the lack of concrete evidence. We set out to compile cesarean delivery rates, socioeconomic indicators, and health outcomes by ...
Ancel Pierre-Yves - - 2014
Children born at low gestational ages face a range of risks and number of neonates surviving very preterm birth is increasing. We present the objectives and methods of a French national cohort of very and moderately preterm children, the EPIPAGE 2 study. It aims to examine short- and long-term outcomes ...
Braakhekke M M Department of Obstetrics & Gynaecology, Centre for Reproductive Medicine, Academic Medical Centre, University of Amsterdam, Meibergdreef 9, Amsterdam 1105 AZ, The - - 2014
How do randomised controlled trials (RCTs) in reproductive medicine report maternal and neonatal outcomes, specifically singleton live birth? Despite the widespread appeal to use singleton live birth as the outcome measure in subfertility trials, 80% of RCTs fail to do so, and fail to report on neonatal and maternal outcomes. ...
Vincer Michael J MJ The Perinatal Follow-Up Program, IWK Health Centre; ; Department of Pediatrics; Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia ; Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology; Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova - - 2014
The birth prevalence of cerebral palsy varies over time among very preterm infants, and the reasons are poorly understood. To describe the variation in the prevalence of cerebral palsy among very preterm infants over time, and to relate these differences to other maternal or neonatal factors. A population-based cohort of ...
Russo Anne A Division of Newborn Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, Weill Cornell Medical College, New York, New - - 2014
Moderate hypothermia (temperature <36°C) at birth is common in premature infants and is associated with increased mortality and morbidity. A multidisciplinary practice plan was implemented to determine in premature infants <35 weeks old whether a multifaceted approach would reduce the number of inborn infants with an admitting axillary temperature <36°C ...
Tarnow-Mordi William O WO WINNER Centre for Newborn Research, NHMRC Clinical Trials Centre, University of Sydney, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia. Electronic address: - - 2014
In December 2012, the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists published a Committee Opinion entitled "Timing of umbilical cord clamping after birth". It stated that "evidence exists to support delayed cord clamping in preterm infants, when feasible. The single most important benefit for preterm infants is the possibility for a ...
Joseph Ks - - 2014
The literature shows a variable and inconsistent relationship between socioeconomic position and preterm birth. We examined risk factors for spontaneous and iatrogenic preterm birth, with a focus on socioeconomic position and clinical risk factors, in order to explain the observed inconsistency. We carried out a retrospective population-based cohort study of ...
Doherty Alissa N AN Department of Pediatrics, Oakland University William Beaumont School of Medicine, and Beaumont Children's Hospital, Royal Oak, - - 2014
To define normal levels of glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) activity in a population of North American white newborns. We studied 2 white newborn populations, ≥35 weeks of gestation. In the retrospective study, G6PD activity was measured (on clinical indication) in 242 newborns aged ≤7 days. In the prospective study, we measured G6PD activity ...
Jayachandran Seema S Department of Economics, Northwestern University, 2001 Sheridan Road, Evanston, IL, 60208, USA, - - 2014
Previous studies suggest that access to modern contraceptives can reduce breast-feeding rates because women who had been using breast-feeding to avoid pregnancy substitute away from it. This article shows that contraceptive use can also have a positive effect on breast-feeding. A mother often weans a child if she becomes pregnant ...
Grünebaum Amos A Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Weill Medical College of Cornell University, New York, New - - 2014
We examined neonatal mortality in relation to birth settings and birth attendants in the United States from 2006-2009. Data from the CDC linked birth and infant death data set in the US from 2006-2009 were used to assess early and total neonatal mortality for singleton, vertex, term births without congenital ...
Xie R-H RH Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Nanfang Hospital, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou, China; OMNI Research Group, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University of Ottawa Faculty of Medicine, Ottawa, ON, Canada; Clinical Epidemiology Program, Ottawa Hospital Research Institute, Ottawa, ON, - - 2014
To compare infant outcomes between mothers with hypertension treated by beta-blockers alone and by methyldopa alone during pregnancy. Historical cohort study. Saskatchewan, Canada. Women who delivered a singleton birth in Saskatchewan during the periods from 1 January 1980 to 30 June 1987 or from 1 January 1990 to 31 December ...
Manzon Lauren L Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, 12 Bayit Street, Shaare Zedek Medical Center, Jerusalem 91031, - - 2014
The active form of vitamin D (1,25[OH]2D3) has been established to have potent anti-proliferative, immuno-modulatory, and anti-microbial action in addition to its effects on bone. The nuclear vitamin D receptor (VDR) is expressed in the placenta-decidua, regulating genes associated with implantation and implantation immuno-tolerance. If VDR polymorphisms regulate VDR functionality ...
Welsh Joanne V JV Addenbrooke׳s Hospital, Hills Road, Cambridge CB2 0QQ, UK. Electronic address: - - 2014
birth plans detailing a woman׳s preferences for intrapartum care are a common feature in British maternity units, and are a means of encouraging the implementation of choice. Proforma versions may be incorporated routinely in antenatal case notes, or the woman may devise her own unique birth plan. Although women׳s views ...
Bernhard Casey - - 2014
The number of US women choosing home birth is increasing. Little is known about women who choose home birth after having experienced hospital birth; therefore, the purpose of this research was to explore reasons why these women choose home birth and their perceptions regarding their birth experiences. Qualitative description was ...
Marlow N N Academic Neonatology, UCL Institute for Women's Health, , - - 2014
Expertise and resources may be important determinants of outcome for extremely preterm babies. We evaluated the effect of place of birth and perinatal transfer on survival and neonatal morbidity within a prospective cohort of births between 22 and 26 weeks of gestation in England during 2006. We studied the whole ...
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