Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 1021
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Ellenberg Jonas H - - 2012
Aim  The aim of this study was to investigate whether current literature provides a useful body of evidence reflecting the proportion of cerebral palsy (CP) that is attributable to birth asphyxia. Method  We identified 23 studies conducted between 1986 and 2010 that provided data on intrapartum risks of CP. Results  ...
Sunderam Saswati - - 2012
Problem/Condition: Since the birth of the first U.S. infant conceived with Assisted Reproductive Technology (ART) in 1981, use of advanced technologies to overcome the problem of infertility has increased steadily, as has the number of fertility clinics providing ART services in the United States. ART includes fertility treatments in which ...
Sidebotham Mary - - 2012
There is a growing concern internationally about the continued rise in birth intervention. Caesarean section rates continue to rise within the international arena. Women are losing confidence in the birth process being natural and safe and often exhibit moderate to high levels of fear during pregnancy. Simultaneously midwives are in ...
Deline James - - 2012
Recent national guidelines encourage a trial of labor after cesarean (TOLAC) as a means of increasing vaginal births after cesarean (VBACs) and decreasing the high US cesarean birth rate and its consequences (2010 National Institute of Health Consensus Statement and American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists revised guideline). A birthing ...
Tedesco Ricardo P - - 2012
To determine the prevalence of preterm birth from self-reports by Brazilian women, to assess complications, interventions and outcomes, to identify factors associated with preterm birth, and to improve the preterm birth rates estimates. This is a secondary analysis of data from a Demographic Health Survey. It interviewed a sample of ...
Leppänen M - - 2012
Horemuzova et al (2012) (1) published recently the growth charts for infants born before 26 gestation weeks (GW) to describe the extrauterine growth from birth to the full-term age. Previous growth charts have described intra-uterine growth (2). Postnatal growth has been shown to be inferior to this "golden standard" (1, ...
Trento Luca U - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: We sought to evaluate the impact of mode of delivery (MOD) on early outcome for neonates diagnosed prenatally with major forms of congenital heart disease (CHD). METHODS: We retrospectively studied infants admitted, over a 2-year period, to a single institution for cardiac intervention. Infants were grouped on the basis ...
Tikkanen Minna - - 2012
Objective: To study perinatal mortality associated with placental abruption. Design: Retrospective population study using the Finnish Hospital Discharge Register and Medical Birth Register data. Setting: Finland 1987-2005. Population: Cases with placental abruption and all other births without placental abruption. Methods: The national Hospital Discharge Register and Medical Birth Register were ...
Barona-Vilar Carmen - - 2012
We compared perinatal mortality rates (PMRs) and the risk from certain causes among immigrant and native population in the Valencian Community (Spain). Using data from the Perinatal Mortality Registry, crude and age standardized mortality ratios were obtained in the different groups of mothers. Mortality rate ratios were calculated to compare ...
Galdikas Biruté Mary - - 2012
This study presents reproductive parameter data gathered by direct observation over a 40-year period (1971-2011) of the provisioned free-ranging population of orangutans at Camp Leakey in Tanjung Puting National Park, Central Kalimantan, Indonesia. Age at first reproduction, interbirth interval (IBI), sex ratio at birth, and infant mortality for 19 female ...
Hamilton Brady E - - 2012
This report presents preliminary data for 2011 on births in the United States. U.S. data on births are shown by age, live-birth order, race, and Hispanic origin of mother. Data on marital status, cesarean delivery, preterm births, and low birthweight are also presented. Data in this report are based on ...
Jo Heui Seung HS Department of Pediatrics, CHA University, Seongnam, South Korea. joneona @ - - 2013
Insufficiency of the pulmonary surfactant system is the primary cause of respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) in preterm infants. Genetic factors, including specific single-nucleotide polymorphisms in the genetic components of surfactant protein A (SP-A1 and SP-A2), affect protein structure and function, as well as risk of RDS. We investigated the association ...
Joshi Nikhil - - 2012
: To estimate trends in good perinatal outcomes (singleton live births at term with birthweight more than 2,500 g) among live births after assisted reproductive technology in the United States from 2000 to 2008, and associated factors among singletons in 2008. : Using retrospective cohort data from the National Assisted ...
Pandey Vishal - - 2012
Recombinant erythropoietin is being used in premature population for anemia of prematurity. It is considered very safe in this population, although risks are still being evaluated. We report the first case of dermal erythropoiesis as a side effect of recombinant erythropoietin in an extremely prematurely born infant presenting with late-onset ...
Kong J Cw - - 2012
Vein of Galen aneurysmal malformation is a rare entity in the paediatric population. However, it is being recognised with increasing frequency due to better diagnostic techniques. Neonates usually present with congestive heart failure, while in older infants and children it tends to manifest with seizures, hydrocephalus, intracerebral or subarachnoid haemorrhages. ...
Jalili Dariush - - 2012
Cleft lip and cleft palate are one of the most frequent congenital anomalies worldwide. This study was conducted in order to measure the frequency of cleft lip and palate among live births in Akbar Abadi Hospital. This is a descriptive study, dealing with 57526 cases of live birth out of ...
Rahman Sajjad - - 2012
To prospectively ascertain Qatar's national Neonatal Mortality Rate (NMR), Early Neonatal Mortality Rate (ENMR), and Late Neonatal Mortality Rate (LNMR) during 2011, compare it with recent data from high-income countries, and analyze trends in Qatar's NMR's between 1975 and 2011 using historic data. A National prospective cohort-study. National data on ...
Mai Cara T - - 2012
BACKGROUND: 'Birth defect' is a common phrase, yet concerns have been expressed that the word 'defect' carries a negative connotation. Our objective was to examine public perceptions of terms used to refer to birth defects. METHODS: Four questions about terminology of birth defects were included in the U.S. nationally representative ...
Li Xinjun - - 2012
To examine if there is an association between country of birth in parents and small-for-gestational-age (defined as a birthweight of more than two standard deviations (SDs) below the mean) in first singletons births. In this follow-up study, national population and healthcare registers were used to identify small-for-gestational-age births in all ...
Minsart Anne-Frederique - - 2012
Objective. To provide insight into the differential effect of immigration on cesarean section (CS) rates, using Robson classification. Design. A population-based study using birth certificates from the birth registry of 2009. Setting. All births in two of the three Belgian regions excluding Flanders. Population. 37 628 deliveries from Belgian and ...
Al-Sabbak M - - 2012
Between October 1994 and October 1995, the number of birth defects per 1,000 live births in Al Basrah Maternity Hospital was 1.37. In 2003, the number of birth defects in Al Basrah Maternity Hospital was 23 per 1,000 live births. Within less than a decade, the occurrence of congenital birth ...
Morrison Joanna - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Infection is one of the biggest causes of maternal and neonatal death in low-income countries. Clean Delivery Kits (CDKs) promote clean delivery and neonatal care. Our qualitative research explores reasons for low CDK utilization, and describes community perceptions of CDKs in Nepal. METHODS: We conducted 18 focus group discussions ...
Iglesia Iris - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To review evidence on the associations between vitamin B12 intake and its biomarkers, vitamin B12 intake and its functional health outcomes, and vitamin B12 biomarkers and functional health outcomes. DESIGN: A systematic review was conducted by searching electronic databases, until January 2012, using a standardized strategy developed in the ...
Raman Kutty V - - 2012
Background and Methods: We examined data from a cohort of births that occurred in the period 2004-08 in the SEWA-Rural project area, covering a population of ∼175000, in Gujarat, India, to assess the trends and risk factors for neonatal mortality.Results: In this population living in 168 villages, there has been ...
Nassar Natasha - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of esophageal atresia (EA) has been shown to vary across different geographical settings. Investigation of geographical differences may provide an insight into the underlying etiology of EA. METHODS: The study population comprised infants diagnosed with EA during 1998 to 2007 from 18 of the 46 birth defects ...
Hanley Gillian E - - 2012
Objectives: Birth weight distributions differ according to the ethnic origin of the mother. We aimed to determine whether using ethnicity-specific growth distributions would identify newborns at risk for adverse infant outcomes associated with small for gestational age (SGA) birth better than population-based distributions. Methods: We examined 2647 singletons born to ...
Tudehope David - - 2012
Growth charts are the mainstay of monitoring growth in babies who were born small or preterm. A variety of different charts are available, each with specific limitations. Most birthweight centile charts underestimate growth restriction in preterm babies and there are few good charts for monitoring longitudinal growth in preterm babies; ...
Horn Alan R - - 2012
Abstract Objectives: There are few population-based studies of hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy (HIE) in sub-Saharan Africa, and the published criteria that are used to define and grade HIE are too variable for meaningful comparisons between studies and populations. Our objectives were (1) to investigate how the incidence of HIE in our ...
Martin Joyce A - - 2012
This report presents 2010 data on U.S. births according to a wide variety of characteristics. Data are presented for maternal characteristics including age, live-birth order, race and Hispanic origin, marital status, attendant at birth, method of delivery, and infant characteristics (period of gestation, birthweight, and plurality). Birth and fertility rates ...
Nove Andrea - - 2012
This paper identifies a number of methodological difficulties associated with the comparison of home and hospital birth in terms of the risk of perinatal death, and suggests ways in which these problems can be overcome. A review of recent studies suggests that most available data sources are unable to overcome ...
Garces Roston G - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To determine the accuracy of reported maternal deaths for 2008 in a province in the Philippines. METHODS: A reproductive-age mortality survey (RAMOS) was conducted to identify deaths of women aged 15-49years from Bukidnon, Philippines, in 2008. Sources included various health and community reporting units. Verbal autopsies were carried out ...
Schmid Maximilian - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association between two genetic variations in the Interleukin-1 beta (IL1B) gene and preterm birth. STUDY DESIGN: In this case-control study we tested the allelic distribution of two of its common polymorphisms (IL1B +3953C>T [rs1143634], IL1B -511C>T [rs16944]) in one hundred women with preterm birth and one ...
Cordero Leandro - - 2012
Abstract Background: In the United States, breastfeeding initiation is reported for 75% of all live births; however, little information is available for mothers affected by severe preeclampsia (SP) who because of magnesium sulfate treatment are separated from their infants in the immediate postpartum period. This study examined feeding practices and ...
Fontaine Patricia - - 2012
Background/Aims Maternal obesity (BMI > 30) is associated with increased prenatal health care utilization and puts infants at risk for macrosomia and delivery complications. Our aim was to investigate whether obese women and their infants have higher rates of health care utilization in the first year postpartum. Methods We extracted ...
Watt Susan - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To report on the relationship between delivery method (cesarean vs. vaginal) and type (planned vs. unplanned) and breastfeeding initiation in hospital and continuation to 6 weeks postpartum as self-reported by study participants. DESIGN: Quantitative sequential mixed methods design. SETTING: Women were recruited from 11 hospital sites in Ontario, Canada. ...
Giapros V I - - 2012
Late preterm infants may have impaired early growth. The role of circulating insulin-like growth factors (IGFs) in the regulation of postnatal growth of these infants is unclear. The aim of the study was to investigate prospectively the serum levels of IGFs during the first year of life in late preterm ...
Morris Jonathan M - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to describe trends and outcomes of planned births. Data from linked birth and hospital records for 779,521 singleton births at ≥33 weeks' gestation from 2001-2009 were used to determine trends in planned births (prelabor cesarean section and labor inductions). Adverse outcomes were composite indicators ...
Pinkney Kate - - 2012
This research explores the early infant feeding practice of gypsy and traveller women and their attitudes towards breast and formula feeding in one primary care trust. This research was undertaken using a quantitative research approach. Two structured questionnaires were administered. The first questionnaire was completed by all health visitors employed ...
Alabi O O - - 2012
The Millennium Development Goal 5(MDG-5) aims at reducing Maternal Mortality Ratio MMR) by 75% by the year 2015 as compared with the 1990 estimates. There is paucity of recent information on the pattern of maternal mortality in the north central Nigeria. This study aims to document the trend and causes ...
Mungrue K - - 2012
The aim of this study is to compare the changing patterns of mortality in adults and infants during the pre-independence period 1953-1962 with the post-independence period 1962-2006 thus providing evidence for the burden of disease and the impact of independence on the state of health of the nation. The study ...
Van Wagner Vicki - - 2012
The Inuulitsivik midwifery service is a community-based, Inuit-led initiative serving the Hudson coast of the Nunavik region of northern Québec. This study of outcomes for the Inuulitsivik birth centers, aims to improve understanding of maternity services in remote communities. We used a retrospective review of perinatal outcome data collected at ...
Chalmers Beverley - - 2012
Rates of interventions in labor and birth should be similar across a country if evidence-based practice guidelines are followed. This assumption is tested by comparison of some practices across the 13 provinces and territories of Canada. The objective of this study was to describe the wide provincial and territorial variations ...
Borgoño Carla A - - 2012
The offspring of women with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) display a propensity for the early accrual of cardiometabolic risk factors, including insulin resistance, in childhood and adolescence. Thus, we sought to identify early life determinants of insulin resistance in infants of women with and without GDM. In total, 104 full-term, ...
Humphries Joan Margaret - - 2012
In this hermeneutic study, six women from the local Perinatal Mental Health Program were interviewed about their experiences with infant feeding. None of the women in the study were breastfeeding their infants. The research question centered on their experience of formula feeding with a view to gaining better insight about ...
Reus Linda - - 2012
REUS, L., L.A. van Vlimmeren, J.B. Staal, B.J. Otten and M.W.G. Nijhuis-van der Sanden. Effect of growth hormone treatment or physical training on motor performance in Prader-Willi syndrome: A systematic review. NEUROSCI BIOBEHAV REV .(.) XXX-XXX, 20… - Although motor problems in Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS) are prominent in infants, and ...
Burns Elaine - - 2012
Internationally, women give mixed reports regarding professional support during the early establishment of breastfeeding. Little is known about the components of midwifery language and the support practices, which assist or interfere with the early establishment of breastfeeding. In this study, critical discourse analysis has been used to describe the language ...
Walker Shawn - - 2012
Over the last decade, there has been a loss in confidence and eroded skills due to the near universal policy of advising caesarean section in the wake of the Term Breech trial (Hannah et al 2000). Breech birth has been increasingly viewed as a complication, and management of the breech ...
Inoue Madoka - - 2012
The Japanese health system places great emphasis on healthy development. However, the prevalence of Exclusive Breastfeeding at one month postpartum between 1980 and 2005 has remained unchanged, fluctuating between 42% and 49%. At the same time, the Any Breastfeeding prevalence has gradually increased from about 80% to 95%. In 2010, ...
Hall Eric S - - 2012
Using vital records and census data representing 165,136 singleton births from 2003-2006, geospatial filtering and density estimates enabled the calculation of preterm birth rates at each geographical point within three urban Ohio counties. Adjusted attributable risk calculations were used to identify risk factors associated with regions of high and low ...
Wikström Anna-Karin - - 2012
To estimate the effect of partner change on risks of pre-eclampsia and giving birth to a small for gestational age infant. Prospective population study. Sweden. Women with their first and second successive singleton births in Sweden between 1990 and 2006 without pregestational diabetes and/or hypertension (n=446 459). Preterm (<37 weeks) ...
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