Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 1002
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Li Xinjun - - 2012
To examine if there is an association between country of birth in parents and small-for-gestational-age (defined as a birthweight of more than two standard deviations (SDs) below the mean) in first singletons births. In this follow-up study, national population and healthcare registers were used to identify small-for-gestational-age births in all ...
Minsart Anne-Frederique - - 2012
Objective. To provide insight into the differential effect of immigration on cesarean section (CS) rates, using Robson classification. Design. A population-based study using birth certificates from the birth registry of 2009. Setting. All births in two of the three Belgian regions excluding Flanders. Population. 37 628 deliveries from Belgian and ...
Al-Sabbak M - - 2012
Between October 1994 and October 1995, the number of birth defects per 1,000 live births in Al Basrah Maternity Hospital was 1.37. In 2003, the number of birth defects in Al Basrah Maternity Hospital was 23 per 1,000 live births. Within less than a decade, the occurrence of congenital birth ...
Morrison Joanna - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Infection is one of the biggest causes of maternal and neonatal death in low-income countries. Clean Delivery Kits (CDKs) promote clean delivery and neonatal care. Our qualitative research explores reasons for low CDK utilization, and describes community perceptions of CDKs in Nepal. METHODS: We conducted 18 focus group discussions ...
Iglesia Iris - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To review evidence on the associations between vitamin B12 intake and its biomarkers, vitamin B12 intake and its functional health outcomes, and vitamin B12 biomarkers and functional health outcomes. DESIGN: A systematic review was conducted by searching electronic databases, until January 2012, using a standardized strategy developed in the ...
Raman Kutty V - - 2012
Background and Methods: We examined data from a cohort of births that occurred in the period 2004-08 in the SEWA-Rural project area, covering a population of ∼175000, in Gujarat, India, to assess the trends and risk factors for neonatal mortality.Results: In this population living in 168 villages, there has been ...
Nassar Natasha - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of esophageal atresia (EA) has been shown to vary across different geographical settings. Investigation of geographical differences may provide an insight into the underlying etiology of EA. METHODS: The study population comprised infants diagnosed with EA during 1998 to 2007 from 18 of the 46 birth defects ...
Hanley Gillian E - - 2012
Objectives: Birth weight distributions differ according to the ethnic origin of the mother. We aimed to determine whether using ethnicity-specific growth distributions would identify newborns at risk for adverse infant outcomes associated with small for gestational age (SGA) birth better than population-based distributions. Methods: We examined 2647 singletons born to ...
Tudehope David - - 2012
Growth charts are the mainstay of monitoring growth in babies who were born small or preterm. A variety of different charts are available, each with specific limitations. Most birthweight centile charts underestimate growth restriction in preterm babies and there are few good charts for monitoring longitudinal growth in preterm babies; ...
Horn Alan R - - 2012
Abstract Objectives: There are few population-based studies of hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy (HIE) in sub-Saharan Africa, and the published criteria that are used to define and grade HIE are too variable for meaningful comparisons between studies and populations. Our objectives were (1) to investigate how the incidence of HIE in our ...
Martin Joyce A - - 2012
This report presents 2010 data on U.S. births according to a wide variety of characteristics. Data are presented for maternal characteristics including age, live-birth order, race and Hispanic origin, marital status, attendant at birth, method of delivery, and infant characteristics (period of gestation, birthweight, and plurality). Birth and fertility rates ...
Nove Andrea - - 2012
This paper identifies a number of methodological difficulties associated with the comparison of home and hospital birth in terms of the risk of perinatal death, and suggests ways in which these problems can be overcome. A review of recent studies suggests that most available data sources are unable to overcome ...
Garces Roston G - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To determine the accuracy of reported maternal deaths for 2008 in a province in the Philippines. METHODS: A reproductive-age mortality survey (RAMOS) was conducted to identify deaths of women aged 15-49years from Bukidnon, Philippines, in 2008. Sources included various health and community reporting units. Verbal autopsies were carried out ...
Schmid Maximilian - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association between two genetic variations in the Interleukin-1 beta (IL1B) gene and preterm birth. STUDY DESIGN: In this case-control study we tested the allelic distribution of two of its common polymorphisms (IL1B +3953C>T [rs1143634], IL1B -511C>T [rs16944]) in one hundred women with preterm birth and one ...
Cordero Leandro - - 2012
Abstract Background: In the United States, breastfeeding initiation is reported for 75% of all live births; however, little information is available for mothers affected by severe preeclampsia (SP) who because of magnesium sulfate treatment are separated from their infants in the immediate postpartum period. This study examined feeding practices and ...
Fontaine Patricia - - 2012
Background/Aims Maternal obesity (BMI > 30) is associated with increased prenatal health care utilization and puts infants at risk for macrosomia and delivery complications. Our aim was to investigate whether obese women and their infants have higher rates of health care utilization in the first year postpartum. Methods We extracted ...
Watt Susan - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To report on the relationship between delivery method (cesarean vs. vaginal) and type (planned vs. unplanned) and breastfeeding initiation in hospital and continuation to 6 weeks postpartum as self-reported by study participants. DESIGN: Quantitative sequential mixed methods design. SETTING: Women were recruited from 11 hospital sites in Ontario, Canada. ...
Giapros V I - - 2012
Late preterm infants may have impaired early growth. The role of circulating insulin-like growth factors (IGFs) in the regulation of postnatal growth of these infants is unclear. The aim of the study was to investigate prospectively the serum levels of IGFs during the first year of life in late preterm ...
Morris Jonathan M - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to describe trends and outcomes of planned births. Data from linked birth and hospital records for 779,521 singleton births at ≥33 weeks' gestation from 2001-2009 were used to determine trends in planned births (prelabor cesarean section and labor inductions). Adverse outcomes were composite indicators ...
Pinkney Kate - - 2012
This research explores the early infant feeding practice of gypsy and traveller women and their attitudes towards breast and formula feeding in one primary care trust. This research was undertaken using a quantitative research approach. Two structured questionnaires were administered. The first questionnaire was completed by all health visitors employed ...
Alabi O O - - 2012
The Millennium Development Goal 5(MDG-5) aims at reducing Maternal Mortality Ratio MMR) by 75% by the year 2015 as compared with the 1990 estimates. There is paucity of recent information on the pattern of maternal mortality in the north central Nigeria. This study aims to document the trend and causes ...
Mungrue K - - 2012
The aim of this study is to compare the changing patterns of mortality in adults and infants during the pre-independence period 1953-1962 with the post-independence period 1962-2006 thus providing evidence for the burden of disease and the impact of independence on the state of health of the nation. The study ...
Van Wagner Vicki - - 2012
The Inuulitsivik midwifery service is a community-based, Inuit-led initiative serving the Hudson coast of the Nunavik region of northern Québec. This study of outcomes for the Inuulitsivik birth centers, aims to improve understanding of maternity services in remote communities. We used a retrospective review of perinatal outcome data collected at ...
Chalmers Beverley - - 2012
Rates of interventions in labor and birth should be similar across a country if evidence-based practice guidelines are followed. This assumption is tested by comparison of some practices across the 13 provinces and territories of Canada. The objective of this study was to describe the wide provincial and territorial variations ...
Borgoño Carla A - - 2012
The offspring of women with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) display a propensity for the early accrual of cardiometabolic risk factors, including insulin resistance, in childhood and adolescence. Thus, we sought to identify early life determinants of insulin resistance in infants of women with and without GDM. In total, 104 full-term, ...
Humphries Joan Margaret - - 2012
In this hermeneutic study, six women from the local Perinatal Mental Health Program were interviewed about their experiences with infant feeding. None of the women in the study were breastfeeding their infants. The research question centered on their experience of formula feeding with a view to gaining better insight about ...
Reus Linda - - 2012
REUS, L., L.A. van Vlimmeren, J.B. Staal, B.J. Otten and M.W.G. Nijhuis-van der Sanden. Effect of growth hormone treatment or physical training on motor performance in Prader-Willi syndrome: A systematic review. NEUROSCI BIOBEHAV REV .(.) XXX-XXX, 20… - Although motor problems in Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS) are prominent in infants, and ...
Burns Elaine - - 2012
Internationally, women give mixed reports regarding professional support during the early establishment of breastfeeding. Little is known about the components of midwifery language and the support practices, which assist or interfere with the early establishment of breastfeeding. In this study, critical discourse analysis has been used to describe the language ...
Walker Shawn - - 2012
Over the last decade, there has been a loss in confidence and eroded skills due to the near universal policy of advising caesarean section in the wake of the Term Breech trial (Hannah et al 2000). Breech birth has been increasingly viewed as a complication, and management of the breech ...
Inoue Madoka - - 2012
The Japanese health system places great emphasis on healthy development. However, the prevalence of Exclusive Breastfeeding at one month postpartum between 1980 and 2005 has remained unchanged, fluctuating between 42% and 49%. At the same time, the Any Breastfeeding prevalence has gradually increased from about 80% to 95%. In 2010, ...
Hall Eric S - - 2012
Using vital records and census data representing 165,136 singleton births from 2003-2006, geospatial filtering and density estimates enabled the calculation of preterm birth rates at each geographical point within three urban Ohio counties. Adjusted attributable risk calculations were used to identify risk factors associated with regions of high and low ...
Wikström Anna-Karin - - 2012
To estimate the effect of partner change on risks of pre-eclampsia and giving birth to a small for gestational age infant. Prospective population study. Sweden. Women with their first and second successive singleton births in Sweden between 1990 and 2006 without pregestational diabetes and/or hypertension (n=446 459). Preterm (<37 weeks) ...
Hoddinott Pat - - 2012
To investigate the infant feeding experiences of women and their significant others from pregnancy until 6 months after birth to establish what would make a difference. Qualitative serial interview study. Two health boards in Scotland. 72 of 541 invited pregnant women volunteered. 220 interviews approximately every 4 weeks with 36 ...
Cai Xiaodong - - 2012
Infant and young child feeding is critical for child health and survival. Proportion of infants 0-5 months who are fed exclusively with breast milk is a common indicator used for monitoring and evaluating infant and young child feeding in a given country and region. Despite progress made since 1990, ...
Grech Victor - - 2012
Latitude gradients and secular trends in Europe and North America have been found in the male-female ratio at birth (M/F: male births divided by total births) which is expected to be 0.515. Annual national data for Czechoslovakia and the post-Czechoslovakian (Czech Republic and Slovakia) countries for male and female live ...
Azemi Mehmedali - - 2012
THE AIM OF WORK HAS BEEN THE PRESENTATION OF THE RATE AND TIME TRENDS OF SOME INDICATORS OF THE HEATH CONDITION OF MOTHERS AND CHILDREN IN KOSOVO: fetal mortality, early neonatal mortality, perinatal mortality, infant mortality, natality, natural growth of population etc. The treated patients were the newborn and infants ...
Palmér Lina - - 2012
A majority of women in Sweden initiate breastfeeding but almost a quarter stop or wean the infant in the first few weeks after birth because of difficulties. In order to develop care that facilitates initiation of breastfeeding and enables mothers to realize their expectations concerning breastfeeding, it is necessary to ...
Susuman A Sathiya - - 2012
Ethiopia's childhood mortality has continued to decline although at a swift pace. The drop in urban childhood mortality decline, duration of breastfeeding is the principle reason for the overall decline in mortality trends in Ethiopia. Data from the Ethiopian Demographic and Health Surveys 2000 and 2005 were used. Indirect estimation ...
Tu Lh - - 2012
To determine the prevalence and characteristics of birth defects in perinatal infants in Hubei Province during 200l-2008. The prevalence of birth defects in perinatal infants delivered after 28 weeks or more was analyzed in Hubei surveillance hospitals during 200l-2008. The incidence of birth defects in perinatal infants from 200l to ...
Rajewska Justyna - - 2012
Hemangioma is found in approximately 10% of infants as the most prevalent benign neoplasm. The natural history of hemangioma is typical for this lesion and includes two phases: fast growth during the first year of life of the child and subsequent slow regression lasting some five years. Even though the ...
Collins Sorcha A - - 2012
The northern territory Nunavut has Canada's largest jurisdictional land mass with 33,322 inhabitants, of which 85% self-identify as Inuit. Nunavut has rates of infant mortality, postneonatal mortality and hospitalisation of infants for respiratory infections that greatly exceed those for the rest of Canada. The infant mortality rate in Nunavut is ...
Einarsdóttir Kristjana - - 2012
The Australian baby bonus maternity payment introduced in 2004 has been reported to have successfully increased fertility rates in Australia. We aimed to investigate the influence of the baby bonus on maternal demographics and birth characteristics in Western Australia (WA). This study included 200,659 birth admissions from WA during 2001-2008, ...
Suraweera Wilson - - 2012
It is estimated that India has more deaths from rabies than any other country. However, existing estimates are indirect and rely on non-representative studies. We examined rabies deaths in the ongoing Million Death Study (MDS), a representative survey of over 122,000 deaths in India that uses enhanced types of verbal ...
Melkie Mulugeta - - 2012
Reference intervals (RIs) are ranges of upper and lower limits of a given analyte which are used for a laboratory test to determine whether a disease is present or absent or to know if the patient is at risk for future disease states. In Ethiopia, a country with highly diversified ...
Fell Deshayne B - - 2012
The dramatic increase in multiple births is an important public health issue, since such births have elevated risks for adverse perinatal outcomes. Our objective was to explore the most recent temporal trends in rates of multiple births in Canada and the United States. Live birth data from Canada (excluding Ontario) ...
Bentley Jason P - - 2012
With the increasing use of probabilistically linked administrative data in health research, it is important to understand whether systematic differences occur between the populations with linked and unlinked records. While probabilistic linkage involves combining records for individuals, population perinatal health research requires a combination of information from both the mother ...
Jansen Brian D - - 2012
We investigated potential advantages in birth timing for mountain lion (Puma concolor) cubs. We examined cub body mass, survival, and age of natal dispersal in relation to specific timing of birth. We also investigated the role of maternal age relative to timing of births. We captured mountain lion cubs while ...
Althabe Fernando - - 2012
Preterm birth is a major cause of neonatal mortality, responsible for 28% of neonatal deaths overall. The administration of antenatal corticosteroids to women at high risk of preterm birth is a powerful perinatal intervention to reduce neonatal mortality in resource rich environments. The effect of antenatal steroids to reduce mortality ...
Exavery Amon A fakara Health Institute (IHI), Plot 463, Kiko Avenue, off Old Bagamoyo Road, P.O. Box 78373, Dar es Salaam, Mikocheni, Tanzania. - - 2012
Poorly spaced pregnancies have been documented worldwide to result in adverse maternal and child health outcomes. The World Health Organization (WHO) recommends a minimum inter-birth interval of 33 months between two consecutive live births in order to reduce the risk of adverse maternal and child health outcomes. However, birth spacing ...
Mateus Solarte Julio César JC School of Public Health, Universidad del Valle. E mail: - - 2012
Breastfeeding promotion is one of the most important strategies against infant mortality and to control child undernourishment. Despite policies and plans to promote and protect breastfeeding in Colombia, its practice is low and its duration is short. To propose an ecology framework to interpret and incorporate contextual, interpersonal, and individual ...
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