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Results 251 - 300 of 1021
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Wariki Windy Mariane Virenia - - 2013
AIM: The study aims to determine the risk factors associated with mortality and necrotising enterocolitis (NEC) among very low birthweight infants in 95 neonatal intensive care units in the Asian Network on Maternal and Newborn Health. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study using an international collaborative database of 17 595 very ...
Kalėdienė Ramunė - - 2013
The aim of the study was to analyze trends in overall mortality and mortality from major causes of death, detect differences in cut points, and estimate the contribution of the major causes of death to the changes in overall mortality throughout 2 decades of independence in Lithuania (1991-2000 and 2001-2010). ...
Gulamani Salima S - - 2013
Postpartum depression (PPD) varies worldwide and is considered a serious issue because of its devastating effects on mothers, families, and infants or children. Preterm birth may be a risk factor for PPD. In 2005, the global incidence of preterm birth was estimated to be 9.6%, and of these births, 85% ...
Nassar Natasha - - 2013
There is concern that the rate of planned births (by pre-labour caesarean section or induction of labour) is increasing and that the gestation at which they are being conducted is decreasing. The aim of this study was to describe trends in the distribution of gestational age, and assess the contribution ...
Gilbert Nicolas L - - 2013
Rates of infant mortality declined in Canada in the 1990s and 2000s, but the extent to which all socio-economic levels benefitted from this progress is unknown. This study investigated differences and time trends in neonatal, postneonatal and sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) mortality across neighbourhood income quintiles among live births ...
Schmidlin Kurt - - 2013
Results of epidemiological studies linking census with mortality records may be affected by unlinked deaths and changes in cause of death classification. We examined these issues in the Swiss National Cohort (SNC). The SNC is a longitudinal study of the entire Swiss population, based on the 1990 (6.8 million persons) ...
Bhatia Jatinder - - 2013
Optimal fetal growth resulting in a 'normally grown' term infant is of paramount importance for assuring a healthy start for postnatal growth and development. Fetal, infant and childhood growth restriction is an important clinical problem for obstetricians, neonatologists, pediatricians and globally, for public health. Worldwide, an estimated 20 million infants ...
Almond Douglas - - 2013
Out-of-wedlock childbearing is more common in the U.S. than in other countries and becoming more so. A growing share of such non-marital births identify the father, which can create a legal entitlement to child support. Relatively little is known about individual determinants of the decision to establish paternity, in part ...
Singh Rajvir - - 2013
The objective of the study is to assess maternal factors contributing to under-five mortality at birth order 1 to 5 in India. Data for this study was derived from the children's record of the 2007 India National Family Health Survey, which is a nationally representative cross-sectional household survey. Data is ...
Holman Robert C - - 2013
To examine the epidemiology of infectious disease (ID) hospitalisations among Alaska Native (AN) people. Hospitalisations with a first-listed ID diagnosis for American Indians and ANs residing in Alaska during 2001-2009 were selected from the Indian Health Service direct and contract health service inpatient data. ID hospitalisations to describe the general ...
Grech Victor - - 2013
Latitude gradients and secular trends in Europe and North America have been found in the male-female ratio at birth (M/F: male births divided by total births) which approximates 0.515. Annual national data for Yugoslavia and the post-Yugoslavia States for male and female live births were obtained from the World Health ...
Zhu Yuhui - - 2013
Reduction of measles incidence and mortality has been encouraging in China. However, it remains an important public health concern among infants. This study aimed to examine the space-time distribution pattern of infant measles occurrence for the period of 1999-2008 in Shandong, China. Measles cases among infants aged younger than 1 ...
Denholm Scott J - - 2013
Gyrodactylus salaris is a notifiable freshwater ectoparasite of salmonids. Its primary host is Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar), upon which infections can cause death, and have led to massive declines in salmon numbers in Norway, where the parasite is widespread. Different strains of S. salar vary in their susceptibility, with Atlantic ...
Calvin Steve - - 2013
For low-risk mothers who do not wish to give birth in a hospital, a nearby birth center led by midwives is an excellent option.
Galtry Judith A - - 2013
On narrow economic measures of wellbeing, New Zealand's dairy industry is a huge success. Infant formula, in particular, is New Zealand's 'export superstar'. However, using a broader wellbeing lens, there is some public disquiet about environmental, human and animal wellbeing associated with the dairy industry. This article questions whether New ...
Sinnhuber-Giles Laure - - 2013
A second-time mother shares the story of the very fast birth of her child at home.
Seid Abdulbasit Musa AM Department of Midwifery, College of Health and Medical Sciences, Haramaya University, Harar, Ethiopia. - - 2013
Breastfeeding is an unequalled way of providing ideal food for the healthy growth and development of infants. World Health Organization (WHO) recommend exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) for six months which has a great contribution in reducing under five mortality, which otherwise leads to death of 88/1000 live birth yearly in Ethiopia. ...
Ferguson Kelly K KK Department of Environmental Health Sciences, University of Michigan School of Public Health, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109-2029, USA. - - 2013
Preterm birth is a significant public health concern, as it is associated with high risk of infant mortality, various morbidities in both the neonatal period and later in life, and a significant societal economic burden. As many cases are of unknown etiology, identification of the contribution of environmental contaminant exposures ...
Melo Emiliana Cristina EC Nursing Post-Graduate Program, Maringá State University, PR, Brazil ; Northern Paraná State University, PR, - - 2013
The aim of this study was to analyze maternal and child health indicators and infant mortality rate (IMR) at the cities located at the 18th Health Division (HD) in Parana State, Brazil. In this ecological study we analyzed all live births and infant deaths which occurred from 2000 to 2009 ...
Fenton Tanis R TR Alberta Children's Hospital Research Institute, The University of Calgary, Calgary, AB, Canada. - - 2013
The aim of this study was to revise the 2003 Fenton Preterm Growth Chart, specifically to: a) harmonize the preterm growth chart with the new World Health Organization (WHO) Growth Standard, b) smooth the data between the preterm and WHO estimates, informed by the Preterm Multicentre Growth (PreM Growth) study ...
Kozuki Naoko - - 2013
This study used data from recent Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS) to examine the impact of short or long preceding birth intervals on neonatal and under-five mortality. In order to minimize the effect of selection issues, we examined child mortality outcomes of the same mother, comparing short or long interval ...
Stover John - - 2013
Several birth characteristics are associated with high mortality risk: very young or old mothers, short birth intervals and high birth order. One justification for family planning programs is the health benefits associated with better spacing and timing of births. This study examines the extent to which the prevalence of these ...
Howson Christopher P - - 2013
This article is part of a supplement jointly funded by Save the Children's Saving Newborn Lives programme through a grant from The Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation and March of Dimes Foundation and published in collaboration with the World Health Organization (WHO). The original article was published in PDF format ...
Cruickshank Mark N MN Early Life Epigenetics Group, Murdoch Childrens Research Institute (MCRI), Royal Children's Hospital, Flemington Road, Parkville, Victoria 3052, Australia ; Department of Paediatrics, University of Melbourne, Royal Children's Hospital, Flemington Road, Parkville, Victoria 3052, Australia ; Present address: Telethon Institute for Child Health Research, University of Western Australia, 100 Roberts Road, Subiaco, WA 6008, - - 2013
Preterm birth confers a high risk of adverse long term health outcomes for survivors, yet the underlying molecular mechanisms are unclear. We hypothesized that effects of preterm birth can be mediated through measurable epigenomic changes throughout development. We therefore used a longitudinal birth cohort to measure the epigenetic mark of ...
Kusneniwar G N GN Professor, Department of Community Medicine, MediCiti Institute of Medical Sciences, Ghanpur, Medchal Mandal, Andhra Pradesh- - - 2013
Despite several interventions implemented for the improvement of infant survival, the pace of decline in infant mortality in the State of Andhra Pradesh during the last two decades has been rather slow. This paper examines determinants of infant mortality in a rural population of about 45000 in Medchal region ...
Radlowski Emily C EC 1Department of Animal Sciences, University of Illinois Urbana, IL, USA ; 2Division of Nutritional Sciences, University of Illinois Urbana, IL, - - 2013
Iron deficiency is the most common form of nutrient deficiency worldwide. It is highly prevalent due to the limited availability of high quality food in developing countries and poor dietary habits in industrialized countries. According to the World Health Organization, it affects nearly 2 billion people and up to 50% ...
Roos Nathalie N Department of Medicine, Clinical Epidemiology Unit, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, - - 2013
To compare perinatal outcomes in births of women with versus without a history of bariatric surgery. Population based matched cohort study. Swedish national health service. 1,742,702 singleton births identified in the Swedish medical birth register between 1992 and 2009. For each birth to a mother with a history of bariatric ...
Grech Victor - - 2012
The male-female ratio at birth (M/F: male births divided by total births) is anticipated to approximate 0.515. This has been shown to be declining in industrialised countries and to be displaying a latitude gradient in Europe, with more males born in warmer, southern climates. Annual national data for the British ...
Grytten Nina - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to determine if the risk of Multiple Sclerosis (MS) is associated with month of birth in Norway and to explore a possible latitudinal gradient. METHODS: All patients with MS born between 1930 and 1979 registered in the Norwegian MS Registry or ascertained in Norwegian prevalence studies were ...
Xu Fenglian - - 2012
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: To determine the rates of birth registration over a five-year period in New South Wales (NSW) and explore the factors associated with the rate of registration. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study using linked population databases. The study population included all births of NSW residents in NSW between ...
Mäkinen S - - 2013
Does the length of time during which embryos are cultured in vitro affect the birthweight of the infants? The duration of the embryo culture period is a significant factor in determining the birthweight of the infants. IVF children show adverse perinatal outcome when compared with the general population and increased ...
Pettit K E - - 2012
Objective:To determine the prevalence of congenital heart defects (CHDs) in a large, unselected cohort of monochorionic (MC) twins.Study Design:We completed a chart review of all MC twin pregnancies in the Kaiser Permanente Northern California population from 1996 to 2003. CHDs were identified by diagnostic codes and confirmed by postnatal echocardiograms. ...
Norman Mikael - - 2012
Preterm birth, i.e., delivery more than 3 weeks before term, affects annually an estimated 13,000,000 newborn infants and rates are increasing(1). Only in the USA, about 500,000 infants are born preterm each year and of those, 80,000 are delivered very preterm (more than 8 weeks before the expected date). Without ...
Vereczkey Attila - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: In general, epidemiological studies evaluated cases with congenital cardiovascular abnormalities together. The aim of this study is to describe the birth outcomes of cases with isolated/single atrial septal defect type II (ASD-II, i.e. only a fossa ovalis defect) after surgical correction or lethal outcome in the light of maternal ...
Schlenker Thomas - - 2012
In Dane County, Wisconsin, the black-white infant mortality gap started decreasing from 2000 and was eliminated from 2004 to 2007. Unfortunately, it has reappeared since 2008. This paper examines risk factors and levels of prenatal care to identify key contributors to the dramatic decline and recent increase in black infant ...
Rahman S - - 2012
To ascertain the national neonatal mortality rate in Qatar during the first quarter of 2011 (1 January-31 March), we carried out a prospective pilot national epidemiologic study. Nationwide birth and neonatal mortality data were collected using predesigned, structured questionnaires. To analyse trends over the previous 4 years (2008-2011) we used ...
Grech Victor - - 2012
Background: The gender ratio at birth (M/F: male births divided by total births) is expected to approximate 0.515. This has shown to be declining in industrialised countries and to display a latitude gradient in Europe, with more males born in southern climates. Methods: Annual national data for Scandinavian countries for ...
Gonçalves Sandra D - - 2012
This paper examines the risk of child mortality associated with short preceding birth intervals in Mozambique. We apply a piecewise log-rate model to a pooled dataset comprising 36,305 live births from the 1997 and 2003 Mozambique Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS). Our results show that the effects of short preceding ...
Read Ian I Soka University of America, Aliso Viejo, CA, EUA, - - 2012
Tetanus and other widespread endemic diseases of Brazil's early national period speak to intimate details of common life and give clues to big, vexing questions, such as why Brazil's population expanded dramatically at the turn of the twentieth century. Tetanus was for a long time one of Brazil's deadliest afflictions, ...
Lisonkova S S Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University of British Columbia and the Women's Hospital and Health Centre of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada. - - 2012
To examine international rates of preterm birth and potential associations with stillbirths and neonatal deaths at late preterm and term gestation. Ecological study. Canada, USA and 26 countries in Europe. All deliveries in 2004. Information on preterm birth (<37, 32-36, 28-31 and 24-27 weeks of gestation) and perinatal deaths was ...
Collins James W JW - - 2012
To determine whether maternal nativity (US-born versus foreign-born) is associated with the first year mortality rates of term births. Stratified and multivariable binomial regression analyses were performed on the 2003-2004 National Center for Health Statistics linked live birth-infant death cohort files. Only term (37-42 weeks) infants with non-Latina White, African-American, and ...
Demirci Jill Radtke JR General Academic Pediatrics, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine , Children's Hospital of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA. - - 2013
Although late preterm infants (LPIs), at 34(0/7)-36(6/7) weeks of gestation, are reported to have suboptimal rates of breastfeeding, there is a lack of quantitative evidence describing this trend. This study examined the prevalence of breastfeeding initiation and factors associated with breastfeeding non-initiation within a Pennsylvania population-based cohort of late preterm ...
Mahadevan Uma U Division of Gastroenterology, Department of Medicine, University of California, San Francisco, California 94115, USA. - - 2013
Some women with inflammatory bowel disease require therapy with tumor necrosis factor (TNF) antagonists during pregnancy. It is not clear whether these drugs are transferred to the fetus via the placenta and then cleared, or whether structurally different TNF antagonists have different rates of transfer. We studied 31 pregnant women ...
Mattsson Kristina - - 2013
The correlation between infant birthweight and parental birthweight has received substantial interest. However, fewer studies including the birthweight of the father have had access to large sets of population-based data. The objective of this study is to examine the influence of maternal and paternal birthweight on the birthweight of the ...
Wambach Jennifer A JA Division of Newborn Medicine, The Edward Mallinckrodt Department of Pediatrics, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO 63110. - - 2012
Neonatal respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) due to pulmonary surfactant deficiency is heritable, but common variants do not fully explain disease heritability. Using next-generation, pooled sequencing of race-stratified DNA samples from infants ≥34 weeks' gestation with and without RDS (n = 513) and from a Missouri population-based cohort (n = 1066), ...
Ganu Radhika S - - 2012
In 2005, the World Health Organization estimated that 9.6% or 12.9 million births worldwide were born preterm at <37 weeks of gestation and were accompanied by a mortality rate as high as 42% (http://www.who.int/bulletin/volumes/88/1/08-062554). Significant data suggesting that intrauterine infection is an important modifier for the risk of preterm birth ...
Chang Hannah H HH Boston Consulting Group, Boston, MA, - - 2013
Every year, 1·1 million babies die from prematurity, and many survivors are disabled. Worldwide, 15 million babies are born preterm (<37 weeks' gestation), with two decades of increasing rates in almost all countries with reliable data. The understanding of drivers and potential benefit of preventive interventions for preterm births is ...
Arslanoglu Sertac - - 2012
Abstract Human milk confers health benefits of vital importance for the sick and preterm infants in neonatal intensive care units (NICUs). Mother's own milk is the first choice in preterm infant feeding, and every effort should be made to promote lactation. When mother's milk is not available or is insufficient, ...
Overton Timothy G TG University Hospitals Bristol NHS Foundation Trust, Bristol, - - 2012
The birth prevalence of gastroschisis is increasing worldwide, yet little evidence exists concerning the optimal monitoring strategies after diagnosis. The aim of this study was to describe the U.K. prevalence, antenatal management and outcomes of affected pregnancies. Cases were identified throughout the U.K. between October 2006 and September 2007, using ...
Ooki Syuichi - - 2013
Most twins after assisted reproductive technology (ART) are dizygotic. Analysis of dizygotic twin pairs is useful in assessing familial aggregation in the development of birth defects. Using nationwide post-ART data from the Japan Society of Obstetrics and Gynecology, recurrence risk ratios (RRRs)-defined as probandwise concordance rates of birth defects in ...
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