Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 1007
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McAlister Barbara S - - 2013
The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists guidelines discourage elective deliveries before 39 weeks gestation, but clinicians continue to schedule elective inductions and cesareans resulting in births at 37 0/7 to 38 6/7 weeks gestation. These "early term" (ET) infants incur more morbidity and mortality than their 39-to-41-week counterparts. Using ...
- - 2013
Background: Teen childbearing has potential negative health, economic, and social consequences for mother and child. Repeat teen childbearing further constrains the mother's education and employment possibilities. Rates of preterm and low birth weight are higher in teens with a repeat birth, compared with first births. Methods: To assess patterns of ...
Hussein Emad A K - - 2013
Background :  Cleft lip, with or without cleft palate (CL±P), is the most common craniofacial anomaly in newborns. The incidence of CL±P varies among different ethnic populations and is presumed to be higher in developing countries. In the Middle East, the incidence has variably been reported as 0.3 to 2.19 ...
Raman Shanti - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: to explore the wide-ranging sources of support that the maternal-infant dyad need or expect throughout the perinatal period in urban India. DESIGN: qualitative interviews and ethnographic approach. SETTING: homes and community settings in greater metropolitan Bangalore, South India. PARTICIPANTS: using in-depth interviews of 36 mothers from different socio-cultural and ...
Zhang Quanshun - - 2013
Easy access to next generation sequencing has enabled the rapid analysis of complex microbial populations. To take full advantage of these technologies, animal models enabling the manipulation of human microbiomes and the study of the impact of such perturbations on the host are needed. To this aim we are developing ...
Bukar M - - 2013
Background: Home births are common in resource poor countries and postnatal practices vary from one community to the other. Objective: To determine the proportion of home births, reasons for home delivery, and evaluate postnatal practices in Madagali, north-eastern Nigeria. Materials and Methods: This was a cross-sectional descriptive study of 400 ...
Stuckey-Schrock Kimberly - - 2013
Late preterm infants may look like their full-term counterparts, but they face many more challenges. Here's what to keep in mind.
Powers Daniel A - - 2013
I reexamine the epidemiological paradox of lower overall infant mortality rates in the Mexican-origin population relative to U.S.-born non-Hispanic whites using the 1995-2002 U.S. NCHS linked cohort birth-infant death files. A comparison of infant mortality rates among U.S.-born non-Hispanic white and Mexican-origin mothers by maternal age reveals an infant survival ...
Amarra Sofia - - 2013
During the 2nd ILSI SEA Region Expert Consultation and Planning Meeting in 2011, the following information gaps were identified: (i) Some Southeast Asian countries did not have data on infant and young child feeding (IYCF) indicators; (ii) There is a need to know the reasons for the disparities in duration ...
Sharma Rinku R Department of Community Medicine, SGT Medical College Hospital and Research Institute, Budhera, Haryana, - - 2013
Birth defects (structural, functional and metabolic disorder present from birth, may be diagnosed later) rising up as an important cause of infant mortality even in developing countries where infant mortality has been reduced to much extent. Seventy percent of birth defects are preventable through the application of various cost effective ...
Turner Christian James - - 2013
AIM: Cardiac arrhythmias are an important cause of morbidity in infants. Although the spectrum of types of arrhythmia has been reported, there has been no previous population-based study of the incidence of arrhythmias in infancy. Our aim was to define the population incidence of arrhythmia in infants. METHODS: We based ...
Guo Sufang - - 2013
To describe breastfeeding practices in rural China using globally recommended indicators and to compare them with practices in neighbouring countries and large emerging economies. A community-based, cross-sectional survey of 2354 children younger than 2 years in 26 poor, rural counties in 12 central and western provinces was conducted. Associations between indicators ...
Chen Wen-Yi - - 2013
This study investigated the catch up effect of Caesarean Section (CS) birth rates across 14 European countries during 1980-2009 for the first time. The panel stationary test incorporating multiple structural breaks and cross-sectional dependence was used to provide reliable evidence for the existence of the catch up effect of CS ...
Dallolio Laura - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Infant mortality is a key indicator of child and population health. The aim of this study is to analyse the trends in infant mortality rates (IMRs) and their components (neonatal mortality rates-NMRs and post-neonatal mortality rates-PNMRs) from 1991 to 2009 both at the national level and across the three ...
Gagliardi Luigi - - 2013
Background:We examined the relation between pregnancy disorders leading to very preterm birth (spontaneous preterm labor, prelabor premature rupture of membranes, hypertension/preeclampsia, intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR), antenatal hemorrhage, and maternal infection), both in isolation and grouped together as "disorders of placentation" (hypertensive disorders and IUGR) vs. "presumed infection/inflammation" (all the others), ...
Shim Jae Won - - 2013
Faced with extremely low fertility rates and increasing numbers of low-birthweight births in Korea, we examined the factors affecting the mortality of very-low-birthweight (VLBW) infants in Korea. A survey was conducted in 91 of 93 hospitals providing neonatal intensive care in Korea in 2009. Data included information on number of ...
Chen Jian Sheng - - 2013
The extent to which complications or adverse outcomes in a first vaginal birth may contribute to mode of delivery in the next birth remains unclear. This study examines the impact of the first birth on subsequent mode of delivery. The study population included women with a first vaginal birth and ...
Saha Unnati Rani - - 2013
To reduce infant mortality through improved family planning, a better understanding of the factors driving contraceptive use and how this decision affects infant survival is needed. Using dynamic panel-data models of infant deaths, birth intervals, and contraceptive use, this study analyzes the causal effects of birth spacing on subsequent infant ...
Ramalho Walter Massa - - 2013
To describe inequalities in the infant mortality rate (IMR) according to socioeconomic indicators among geographic areas and municipalities in Brazil. This was an exploratory ecological study of space aggregates that described IMR in 2006-2008 according to municipalities, states, and the Family Development Index (FDI), a socioeconomic indicator that ranges from ...
Udofia Emilia A - - 2013
Birth and emergency planning encourages early decision making, helps overcome barriers to skilled maternity care and reduces preventable maternal and newborn deaths. A facility based postnatal survey of 483 childbearing women in Accra, Ghana determined birth and emergency planning steps, awareness of obstetric danger signs, reported maternal and newborn complications ...
Lutter Chessa K CK Pan American Health Organization/World Health Organization, Washington, DC, USA. - - 2013
A number of case studies have shown that promotion of breastfeeding (BF) coincides with improved BF and exclusive BF (EBF) practices. We quantify the relationship between BF promotion and changes in BF practices by analyzing the relationship between implementation of the WHO/UNICEF Global Strategy for Infant and Young Child Feeding ...
Zureick-Brown Sarah S Emory University. - - 2013
Despite the fact that most maternal deaths are preventable, maternal mortality remains high in many developing countries. Target A of Millennium Development Goal (MDG) 5 calls for a three-quarters reduction in the maternal mortality ratio (MMR) between 1990 and 2015. We derived estimates of maternal mortality for 172 countries over ...
Huang Yi Y University of Maryland, Baltimore, - - 2013
Infant formula is marketed by health professionals and directly to consumers. Formula marketing has been shown to reduce breastfeeding, but the relation with switching formulas has not been studied. Willingness to switch formula can enable families to spend less on formula. Data are from the Infant Feeding Practices Study II, ...
Cox Kim J - - 2013
Introduction: In this study, we examined the perinatal outcomes of planned home births over a 25-year period (1983-2008) in a group of primarily Amish women (98%) attended by certified nurse-midwives (CNMs) in southeastern Pennsylvania. Methods: This was a retrospective, descriptive analysis of data (N = 1836 births) from several CNM ...
Han-Yang Chen - - 2013
Abstract Objective: To compare infant mortality rates among women with a failed versus successful trial of labor after cesarean (TOLAC) following labor induction or stimulation. Study Design: Using US linked birth and infant death cohort data (2000-04), we identified women who delivered non-anomalous singleton births at 34-41 weeks with TOLAC ...
Umstad Mark P - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The number of twins born in Australia steadily increased from 2420 sets in 1983 to 4458 sets in 2010. At one stage, almost 25% of all twin deliveries in Australia were a consequence of assisted reproductive technologies. AIMS: To determine the influence of a policy of single embryo transfer ...
Andargie Gashaw - - 2013
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Perinatal mortality is one of the serious challenges in meeting maternal and child Millennium Development Goals in developing countries. Identifying its predictors is an important step to develop focused and appropriate health interventions for reducing perinatal deaths. This study therefore aims at identifying predictors of perinatal mortality in ...
Englund Annika - - 2013
During the past few decades age at death for individuals with Down syndrome (DS) has increased dramatically. The birth frequency of infants with DS has long been constant in Sweden. Thus, the prevalence of DS in the population is increasing. The aim of the present study was to analyze mortality ...
Lu Xinrong - - 2013
Recently, there has been a significant increase in the rate of multiple births in most developed countries. However, few population-based studies have been conducted in China regarding the epidemiology of twin births in recent years. We performed a descriptive analysis of twin births from 1993 to 2005 using data from ...
Oberg Anna S - - 2013
This study examines the familial clustering and relative influence of genetic and environmental effects on postterm birth in the Swedish population by considering all full- and half-siblings born in Sweden between 1992 and 2004. Of the eligible 475,429 births, 21% occurred after 41 completed weeks and 5.5% occurred after 42 ...
Kataoka Yaeko - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: the objective of this study was to describe and compare perinatal and neonatal outcomes of women who received care from independent midwives practicing home births and at birth centres in Tokyo. DESIGN: a retrospective cohort study. SETTINGS: birth centres and homes serviced by independent midwives in Tokyo. PARTICIPANTS: of ...
Hamilton Brady E - - 2013
The number of births in the United States declined by 1% between 2010 and 2011, to a total of 3 953 593. The general fertility rate also declined by 1% to 63.2 births per 1000 women, the lowest rate ever reported. The total fertility rate was down by 2% in 2011 (to ...
Vester Boler Brittany M - - 2013
This study sought to determine fermentation potential of human milk oligosaccharides by mixed cultures of fecal microbiota from breast-fed (BF; n=4) and formula-fed (FF; n=4) infants. Infant fecal inocula were incubated with galactooligosaccharide (GOS), gum arabic (GA), HP inulin (HP), 2'-fucosyllactose (2'FL), 6'-sialyllactose (6'SL), and lacto-N-neotetraose (LNnt). GOS, 2'FL, and ...
Grech Victor - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Latitude gradients and secular trends in Europe and North America have been found in the male-female ratio at birth (M/F: male births divided by total births) which is anticipated to approximate 0.515. METHODS: Annual national data for Asian countries for male and female live births were obtained from the ...
Stapleton Susan Rutledge - - 2013
Introduction: The safety and effectiveness of birth center care have been demonstrated in previous studies, including the National Birth Center Study and the San Diego Birth Center Study. This study examines outcomes of birth center care in the present maternity care environment. Methods: This was a prospective cohort study of ...
Mellor Kate - - 2013
A new public health frontier challenging maternity care is addressing the sub-optimal breastfeeding rates of women who are obese. Despite the World Health Organisation's recommendation that breastfeeding is initiated within the first hour of birth and continued exclusively for six months, less than half of infants and young children globally ...
King Jeffrey C - - 2013
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To review the recent literature regarding maternal mortality, especially in developed countries, and to provide suggestions for clinical action addressing the rising trend. RECENT FINDINGS: Worldwide maternal deaths declined over the past 20 years; however, it is unlikely that the United Nations' Millennium Development Goal 5 for ...
Wariki Windy Mariane Virenia - - 2013
AIM: The study aims to determine the risk factors associated with mortality and necrotising enterocolitis (NEC) among very low birthweight infants in 95 neonatal intensive care units in the Asian Network on Maternal and Newborn Health. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study using an international collaborative database of 17 595 very ...
Kalėdienė Ramunė - - 2013
The aim of the study was to analyze trends in overall mortality and mortality from major causes of death, detect differences in cut points, and estimate the contribution of the major causes of death to the changes in overall mortality throughout 2 decades of independence in Lithuania (1991-2000 and 2001-2010). ...
Gulamani Salima S - - 2013
Postpartum depression (PPD) varies worldwide and is considered a serious issue because of its devastating effects on mothers, families, and infants or children. Preterm birth may be a risk factor for PPD. In 2005, the global incidence of preterm birth was estimated to be 9.6%, and of these births, 85% ...
Nassar Natasha - - 2013
There is concern that the rate of planned births (by pre-labour caesarean section or induction of labour) is increasing and that the gestation at which they are being conducted is decreasing. The aim of this study was to describe trends in the distribution of gestational age, and assess the contribution ...
Gilbert Nicolas L - - 2013
Rates of infant mortality declined in Canada in the 1990s and 2000s, but the extent to which all socio-economic levels benefitted from this progress is unknown. This study investigated differences and time trends in neonatal, postneonatal and sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) mortality across neighbourhood income quintiles among live births ...
Schmidlin Kurt - - 2013
Results of epidemiological studies linking census with mortality records may be affected by unlinked deaths and changes in cause of death classification. We examined these issues in the Swiss National Cohort (SNC). The SNC is a longitudinal study of the entire Swiss population, based on the 1990 (6.8 million persons) ...
Bhatia Jatinder - - 2013
Optimal fetal growth resulting in a 'normally grown' term infant is of paramount importance for assuring a healthy start for postnatal growth and development. Fetal, infant and childhood growth restriction is an important clinical problem for obstetricians, neonatologists, pediatricians and globally, for public health. Worldwide, an estimated 20 million infants ...
Almond Douglas - - 2013
Out-of-wedlock childbearing is more common in the U.S. than in other countries and becoming more so. A growing share of such non-marital births identify the father, which can create a legal entitlement to child support. Relatively little is known about individual determinants of the decision to establish paternity, in part ...
Singh Rajvir - - 2013
The objective of the study is to assess maternal factors contributing to under-five mortality at birth order 1 to 5 in India. Data for this study was derived from the children's record of the 2007 India National Family Health Survey, which is a nationally representative cross-sectional household survey. Data is ...
Holman Robert C - - 2013
To examine the epidemiology of infectious disease (ID) hospitalisations among Alaska Native (AN) people. Hospitalisations with a first-listed ID diagnosis for American Indians and ANs residing in Alaska during 2001-2009 were selected from the Indian Health Service direct and contract health service inpatient data. ID hospitalisations to describe the general ...
Grech Victor - - 2013
Latitude gradients and secular trends in Europe and North America have been found in the male-female ratio at birth (M/F: male births divided by total births) which approximates 0.515. Annual national data for Yugoslavia and the post-Yugoslavia States for male and female live births were obtained from the World Health ...
Zhu Yuhui - - 2013
Reduction of measles incidence and mortality has been encouraging in China. However, it remains an important public health concern among infants. This study aimed to examine the space-time distribution pattern of infant measles occurrence for the period of 1999-2008 in Shandong, China. Measles cases among infants aged younger than 1 ...
Denholm Scott J - - 2013
Gyrodactylus salaris is a notifiable freshwater ectoparasite of salmonids. Its primary host is Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar), upon which infections can cause death, and have led to massive declines in salmon numbers in Norway, where the parasite is widespread. Different strains of S. salar vary in their susceptibility, with Atlantic ...
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