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Results 201 - 250 of 1021
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Pasarón Raquel - - 2013
Of the approximated 130 million babies born every year worldwide, about 4 million die during the neonatal period.1 Although a general decline in infant mortality rate was seen throughout the twentieth century, the U.S. rate did not decline significantly from 2000 to 2005, ranking 30th in the world in 2005. ...
Zhang Ziyin - - 2013
This report concerns a 4-month-old infant with progressive prominent and redness of his left eye since birth. This report concerns a 4-month-old infant with progressive prominent redness of his left eye since birth. Angiography revealed a congenital pial arteriovenous fistula between the temporal branch of the left posterior cerebral artery ...
Grech Victor - - 2013
Male births occur 3% in excess of female births in mammals in a ratio (M/F) of 0.515. Many factors have been shown to influence this, including socioeconomic deprivation. This paper reviews live birth data for Germany over the period 1946-2009, and identifies secular trends in M/F pre- and post-reunification. The ...
Bonet Mercedes - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Social factors affect the risk of very preterm birth and may affect subsequent outcomes in those born preterm. We assessed the influence of neighbourhood socio-economic characteristics on the risk and outcomes of singleton very preterm birth (<32 weeks of gestation) in two European regions with different health systems. METHODS: ...
To W Wk - - 2013
The optimal route for delivery of preterm breech-presenting fetuses remains a clinical dilemma. Available data from the literature are largely based on retrospective cohort studies, and randomised controlled trials are considered impossible to conduct. Consistently however, large population-based surveys have shown that planned caesarean sections for these fetuses were associated ...
Gibbons Kristen - - 2013
AIM: The study aims to describe the cohort of women and babies who are classified as small-for-gestational age (SGA) at term by both an Australian customised birthweight model (CBM) and a commonly used population-based standard, and to investigate and compare the utility of these models in identifying babies at risk ...
Johnson Karin E KE Group Health Research Institute, Group Health Cooperative, Seattle, WA, - - 2013
Research on medication safety in pregnancy often utilizes health plan and birth certificate records. This study discusses methods used to link mothers with infants, a crucial step in such research. We describe how eight sites participating in the Medication Exposure in Pregnancy Risk Evaluation Program created linkages between deliveries, infants ...
Tanaka Takayuki - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Specific-pathogen-free (SPF) rhesus macaques, Macaca mulatta, are a valuable resource in biomedical research, and demographic analysis plays a significant role in colony management. METHODS: Data collection included SPF levels, gender, birth year, season of birth, birth location, rearing condition, maternal pregnancy history, and maternal age. Infant mortality in SPF ...
Benatar Sarah - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the effect of a midwifery model of care delivered in a freestanding birth center on maternal and infant outcomes when compared with conventional care. DATA SOURCES/STUDY SETTING: Birth certificate data for women who gave birth in Washington D.C. and D.C. residents who gave birth in other jurisdictions. ...
Mahande Michael J - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: To estimate the recurrence risk of preterm delivery and estimate the perinatal mortality in repeated preterm deliveries. METHODS: Prospective study in Tanzania of 18 176 women who delivered a singleton between 2000 and 2008 at KCMC hospital. The women were followed up to 2010 for consecutive births. A total of ...
Xiong Xu - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To examine racial and ethnic differences in preterm births in infants conceived by in vitro fertilization (IVF). STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective cohort study was conducted of 97,288 singleton and 40,961 twin pregnancies resulting from fresh, non-donor IVF cycles using 2006-2010 data from the Society for Assisted Reproductive Technology Clinic ...
de Jonge Ank - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: the poor perinatal mortality ranking of the Netherlands compared to other European countries has led to questioning the safety of primary care births, particularly those at home. Primary care births are only planned at term. We therefore examined to which extent the perinatal mortality rate at term in the ...
Sun L - - 2013
Abstract Objective: To estimate birth population-based perinatal-neonatal mortality and preterm rate in China from a regional survey in 2010. Study design: Data of total births in 2010 obtained from 151 level I-III hospitals in Huai'an, Jiangsu, were prospectively collected and analyzed. Results: From 61,227 birth registries (including 60,986 live births ...
McAlister Barbara S - - 2013
The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists guidelines discourage elective deliveries before 39 weeks gestation, but clinicians continue to schedule elective inductions and cesareans resulting in births at 37 0/7 to 38 6/7 weeks gestation. These "early term" (ET) infants incur more morbidity and mortality than their 39-to-41-week counterparts. Using ...
- - 2013
Background: Teen childbearing has potential negative health, economic, and social consequences for mother and child. Repeat teen childbearing further constrains the mother's education and employment possibilities. Rates of preterm and low birth weight are higher in teens with a repeat birth, compared with first births. Methods: To assess patterns of ...
Hussein Emad A K - - 2013
Background :  Cleft lip, with or without cleft palate (CL±P), is the most common craniofacial anomaly in newborns. The incidence of CL±P varies among different ethnic populations and is presumed to be higher in developing countries. In the Middle East, the incidence has variably been reported as 0.3 to 2.19 ...
Raman Shanti - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: to explore the wide-ranging sources of support that the maternal-infant dyad need or expect throughout the perinatal period in urban India. DESIGN: qualitative interviews and ethnographic approach. SETTING: homes and community settings in greater metropolitan Bangalore, South India. PARTICIPANTS: using in-depth interviews of 36 mothers from different socio-cultural and ...
Zhang Quanshun - - 2013
Easy access to next generation sequencing has enabled the rapid analysis of complex microbial populations. To take full advantage of these technologies, animal models enabling the manipulation of human microbiomes and the study of the impact of such perturbations on the host are needed. To this aim we are developing ...
Bukar M - - 2013
Background: Home births are common in resource poor countries and postnatal practices vary from one community to the other. Objective: To determine the proportion of home births, reasons for home delivery, and evaluate postnatal practices in Madagali, north-eastern Nigeria. Materials and Methods: This was a cross-sectional descriptive study of 400 ...
Stuckey-Schrock Kimberly - - 2013
Late preterm infants may look like their full-term counterparts, but they face many more challenges. Here's what to keep in mind.
Powers Daniel A - - 2013
I reexamine the epidemiological paradox of lower overall infant mortality rates in the Mexican-origin population relative to U.S.-born non-Hispanic whites using the 1995-2002 U.S. NCHS linked cohort birth-infant death files. A comparison of infant mortality rates among U.S.-born non-Hispanic white and Mexican-origin mothers by maternal age reveals an infant survival ...
Amarra Sofia - - 2013
During the 2nd ILSI SEA Region Expert Consultation and Planning Meeting in 2011, the following information gaps were identified: (i) Some Southeast Asian countries did not have data on infant and young child feeding (IYCF) indicators; (ii) There is a need to know the reasons for the disparities in duration ...
Sharma Rinku R Department of Community Medicine, SGT Medical College Hospital and Research Institute, Budhera, Haryana, - - 2013
Birth defects (structural, functional and metabolic disorder present from birth, may be diagnosed later) rising up as an important cause of infant mortality even in developing countries where infant mortality has been reduced to much extent. Seventy percent of birth defects are preventable through the application of various cost effective ...
Turner Christian James - - 2013
AIM: Cardiac arrhythmias are an important cause of morbidity in infants. Although the spectrum of types of arrhythmia has been reported, there has been no previous population-based study of the incidence of arrhythmias in infancy. Our aim was to define the population incidence of arrhythmia in infants. METHODS: We based ...
Guo Sufang - - 2013
To describe breastfeeding practices in rural China using globally recommended indicators and to compare them with practices in neighbouring countries and large emerging economies. A community-based, cross-sectional survey of 2354 children younger than 2 years in 26 poor, rural counties in 12 central and western provinces was conducted. Associations between indicators ...
Chen Wen-Yi - - 2013
This study investigated the catch up effect of Caesarean Section (CS) birth rates across 14 European countries during 1980-2009 for the first time. The panel stationary test incorporating multiple structural breaks and cross-sectional dependence was used to provide reliable evidence for the existence of the catch up effect of CS ...
Dallolio Laura - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Infant mortality is a key indicator of child and population health. The aim of this study is to analyse the trends in infant mortality rates (IMRs) and their components (neonatal mortality rates-NMRs and post-neonatal mortality rates-PNMRs) from 1991 to 2009 both at the national level and across the three ...
Gagliardi Luigi - - 2013
Background:We examined the relation between pregnancy disorders leading to very preterm birth (spontaneous preterm labor, prelabor premature rupture of membranes, hypertension/preeclampsia, intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR), antenatal hemorrhage, and maternal infection), both in isolation and grouped together as "disorders of placentation" (hypertensive disorders and IUGR) vs. "presumed infection/inflammation" (all the others), ...
Shim Jae Won - - 2013
Faced with extremely low fertility rates and increasing numbers of low-birthweight births in Korea, we examined the factors affecting the mortality of very-low-birthweight (VLBW) infants in Korea. A survey was conducted in 91 of 93 hospitals providing neonatal intensive care in Korea in 2009. Data included information on number of ...
Chen Jian Sheng - - 2013
The extent to which complications or adverse outcomes in a first vaginal birth may contribute to mode of delivery in the next birth remains unclear. This study examines the impact of the first birth on subsequent mode of delivery. The study population included women with a first vaginal birth and ...
Saha Unnati Rani - - 2013
To reduce infant mortality through improved family planning, a better understanding of the factors driving contraceptive use and how this decision affects infant survival is needed. Using dynamic panel-data models of infant deaths, birth intervals, and contraceptive use, this study analyzes the causal effects of birth spacing on subsequent infant ...
Ramalho Walter Massa - - 2013
To describe inequalities in the infant mortality rate (IMR) according to socioeconomic indicators among geographic areas and municipalities in Brazil. This was an exploratory ecological study of space aggregates that described IMR in 2006-2008 according to municipalities, states, and the Family Development Index (FDI), a socioeconomic indicator that ranges from ...
Udofia Emilia A - - 2013
Birth and emergency planning encourages early decision making, helps overcome barriers to skilled maternity care and reduces preventable maternal and newborn deaths. A facility based postnatal survey of 483 childbearing women in Accra, Ghana determined birth and emergency planning steps, awareness of obstetric danger signs, reported maternal and newborn complications ...
Lutter Chessa K CK Pan American Health Organization/World Health Organization, Washington, DC, USA. - - 2013
A number of case studies have shown that promotion of breastfeeding (BF) coincides with improved BF and exclusive BF (EBF) practices. We quantify the relationship between BF promotion and changes in BF practices by analyzing the relationship between implementation of the WHO/UNICEF Global Strategy for Infant and Young Child Feeding ...
Zureick-Brown Sarah S Emory University. - - 2013
Despite the fact that most maternal deaths are preventable, maternal mortality remains high in many developing countries. Target A of Millennium Development Goal (MDG) 5 calls for a three-quarters reduction in the maternal mortality ratio (MMR) between 1990 and 2015. We derived estimates of maternal mortality for 172 countries over ...
Huang Yi Y University of Maryland, Baltimore, - - 2013
Infant formula is marketed by health professionals and directly to consumers. Formula marketing has been shown to reduce breastfeeding, but the relation with switching formulas has not been studied. Willingness to switch formula can enable families to spend less on formula. Data are from the Infant Feeding Practices Study II, ...
Cox Kim J - - 2013
Introduction: In this study, we examined the perinatal outcomes of planned home births over a 25-year period (1983-2008) in a group of primarily Amish women (98%) attended by certified nurse-midwives (CNMs) in southeastern Pennsylvania. Methods: This was a retrospective, descriptive analysis of data (N = 1836 births) from several CNM ...
Han-Yang Chen - - 2013
Abstract Objective: To compare infant mortality rates among women with a failed versus successful trial of labor after cesarean (TOLAC) following labor induction or stimulation. Study Design: Using US linked birth and infant death cohort data (2000-04), we identified women who delivered non-anomalous singleton births at 34-41 weeks with TOLAC ...
Umstad Mark P - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The number of twins born in Australia steadily increased from 2420 sets in 1983 to 4458 sets in 2010. At one stage, almost 25% of all twin deliveries in Australia were a consequence of assisted reproductive technologies. AIMS: To determine the influence of a policy of single embryo transfer ...
Andargie Gashaw - - 2013
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Perinatal mortality is one of the serious challenges in meeting maternal and child Millennium Development Goals in developing countries. Identifying its predictors is an important step to develop focused and appropriate health interventions for reducing perinatal deaths. This study therefore aims at identifying predictors of perinatal mortality in ...
Englund Annika - - 2013
During the past few decades age at death for individuals with Down syndrome (DS) has increased dramatically. The birth frequency of infants with DS has long been constant in Sweden. Thus, the prevalence of DS in the population is increasing. The aim of the present study was to analyze mortality ...
Lu Xinrong - - 2013
Recently, there has been a significant increase in the rate of multiple births in most developed countries. However, few population-based studies have been conducted in China regarding the epidemiology of twin births in recent years. We performed a descriptive analysis of twin births from 1993 to 2005 using data from ...
Oberg Anna S - - 2013
This study examines the familial clustering and relative influence of genetic and environmental effects on postterm birth in the Swedish population by considering all full- and half-siblings born in Sweden between 1992 and 2004. Of the eligible 475,429 births, 21% occurred after 41 completed weeks and 5.5% occurred after 42 ...
Kataoka Yaeko - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: the objective of this study was to describe and compare perinatal and neonatal outcomes of women who received care from independent midwives practicing home births and at birth centres in Tokyo. DESIGN: a retrospective cohort study. SETTINGS: birth centres and homes serviced by independent midwives in Tokyo. PARTICIPANTS: of ...
Hamilton Brady E - - 2013
The number of births in the United States declined by 1% between 2010 and 2011, to a total of 3 953 593. The general fertility rate also declined by 1% to 63.2 births per 1000 women, the lowest rate ever reported. The total fertility rate was down by 2% in 2011 (to ...
Vester Boler Brittany M - - 2013
This study sought to determine fermentation potential of human milk oligosaccharides by mixed cultures of fecal microbiota from breast-fed (BF; n=4) and formula-fed (FF; n=4) infants. Infant fecal inocula were incubated with galactooligosaccharide (GOS), gum arabic (GA), HP inulin (HP), 2'-fucosyllactose (2'FL), 6'-sialyllactose (6'SL), and lacto-N-neotetraose (LNnt). GOS, 2'FL, and ...
Grech Victor - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Latitude gradients and secular trends in Europe and North America have been found in the male-female ratio at birth (M/F: male births divided by total births) which is anticipated to approximate 0.515. METHODS: Annual national data for Asian countries for male and female live births were obtained from the ...
Stapleton Susan Rutledge - - 2013
Introduction: The safety and effectiveness of birth center care have been demonstrated in previous studies, including the National Birth Center Study and the San Diego Birth Center Study. This study examines outcomes of birth center care in the present maternity care environment. Methods: This was a prospective cohort study of ...
Mellor Kate - - 2013
A new public health frontier challenging maternity care is addressing the sub-optimal breastfeeding rates of women who are obese. Despite the World Health Organisation's recommendation that breastfeeding is initiated within the first hour of birth and continued exclusively for six months, less than half of infants and young children globally ...
King Jeffrey C - - 2013
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To review the recent literature regarding maternal mortality, especially in developed countries, and to provide suggestions for clinical action addressing the rising trend. RECENT FINDINGS: Worldwide maternal deaths declined over the past 20 years; however, it is unlikely that the United Nations' Millennium Development Goal 5 for ...
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