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Goldenberg Robert L - - 2013
Several recent studies in low-resource countries have claimed that training in-and increased use of-newborn resuscitation resulted in reduced stillbirth rates. In the present article, we explore the ability of various types of birth attendant in some low-resource country locations to gather data that accurately differentiate a stillbirth from a live ...
Vyas Krishna S - - 2013
To examine children's growth chart use among clinicians and explore awareness of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's (CDC) recommendations for the use of World Health Organization (WHO) growth charts. A cross-sectional survey of pediatricians and family practitioners in Kentucky. Only 29% of clinicians reported using WHO growth charts, ...
Raeburn S - - 2013
Title: Risk factors for congenital anomaly in a multiethnic birth cohort: ananalysis of the Born in Bradford study. Authors: Sheridan E, Wright J, Small N et al. Journal: Lancet 2013. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(13)61132-0.
Vikram K - - 2013
Background & objectives : Janani Suraksha Yojana (JSY), a conditional cash transfer scheme introduced to improve the institutional delivery rates and thereby reduce the maternal and infant mortality was implemented in all States and Union Territories of India from 2007. The present study was carried out to identify the beneficiary ...
Hamilton Brady E - - 2013
Objectives-This report presents preliminary data for 2012 on births in the United States. U.S. data on births are shown by age, live-birth order, race, and Hispanic origin of mother. Data on marital status, cesarean delivery, preterm births, and low birthweight are also presented. Methods-Data in this report are based on ...
Dozier Ann M - - 2013
Despite the increasing emphasis on pre- and interconception planning, perinatal data available to local municipalities and organizations is often limited to that on the birth certificate. A partnership between a local health department and an academic medical center sought to overcome this gap. Using the core questions from the Pregnancy ...
Luke Barbara B Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan. Electronic address: - - 2013
To evaluate the effect of a prior assisted reproductive technology (ART) live birth on subsequent live-birth rates. Historical cohort study. Clinic-based data. The study population included 297,635 women with 549,278 cycles from 2004 to 2010 from the Society for Assisted Reproductive Technology Clinic Outcome Reporting System. Try 1 refers to ...
Basten Stuart - - 2013
The sex ratio at birth (SRB) in Hong Kong SAR (Special Administrative Region) has recently increased dramatically. Using a data set (N = 850,331) of all recorded births in Hong Kong between 1995 and 2009, we calculated SRBs by parity and immigrant status. The findings indicate a strong son preference ...
Kato Tsuguhiko - - 2013
To examine associations between the duration of gestation and health and development outcomes at 2.5 years and 5.5 years using a Japanese population-based longitudinal survey (n = 47 015). Hospitalization was used as an indicator of physical health, and responses to questions about age-appropriate behaviors were used as an indicator of ...
Wang J - - 2013
To quantify the short-term effects of maternal exposure to heatwave on preterm birth. An ecological study. A population-based study in Brisbane, Australia. All pregnant women who had a spontaneous singleton live birth in Brisbane between November and March in 2000-2010 were studied. Daily data on pregnancy outcomes, meteorological factors, and ...
Viscardi Rose Marie RM Department of Pediatrics, University of Maryland School of Medicine, , Baltimore, Maryland, - - 2014
The genital mycoplasma species, Ureaplasma parvum and Ureaplasma urealyticum are the most common organisms isolated from infected amniotic fluid and placentas, and they contribute to adverse pregnancy outcomes including preterm birth and neonatal morbidities. In our institution, almost half of the preterm infants of less than 32 weeks gestation are ...
Baqui A H - - 2013
Objective:To estimate the burden of prematurity, determine gestational age (GA)-specific neonatal mortality rates and provide recommendations for country programs.Study Design:Prospective data on pregnancy, childbirth, GA and newborn mortality collected by trained community health workers from 10 585 mother-newborn pairs in a community-based study.Result:A total of 19.4% of newborn infants were preterm; ...
Detres Maridelys - - 2013
This article describes how a community coalition focusing on maternal and child health engages community participation through the use of geographic information systems (GIS) mapping, developing strategies that culminate in the implementation of a service delivery plan to improve birth outcomes. Vital statistics data from 2007 to 2009 was analyzed ...
Lutsiv Olha - - 2013
Because breastfeeding is the optimal form of infant feeding, this study was conducted to determine the effect of gestational age on breastfeeding in term infants. A retrospective population-based cohort study of singleton/twin hospital births was conducted in Ontario, Canada between April 1, 2009, and March 31, 2010. Multivariate logistic regression ...
Meehan Courtney L - - 2013
The World Health Organization (WHO) recommends exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) for six months, yet this recommendation has proven difficult to implement. Here, we examine the nature of and influences on early supplementation (ES) in light of current evidence regarding evolved human caregiving patterns (cooperative breeding). We utilize a biocultural approach, which ...
Rider Renee A - - 2013
Twinning is a risk factor for birth defects. Using population-based data from the Utah Birth Defect Network and the Utah Department of Health Vital Records, we investigated whether twinning increases the risk of major structural birth defects in live-born opposite-sex (OS) and same-sex (SS) twins as proxies for monozygotic and ...
Markkanen Hanna K - - 2013
Prenatal diagnosis of hypoplastic left heart syndrome (HLHS) enables planning of perinatal care and is known to be associated with more stable preoperative hemodynamics. The impact on postnatal myocardial function is poorly known. The aim of this study was to determine the impact of prenatal diagnosis of HLHS on postnatal ...
Vistad Ingvild - - 2013
Most countries recommend planned cesarean section in breech deliveries, which is considered safer than vaginal delivery. As one of few countries in the western world Norway has continued to practice planned vaginal delivery in selected women. The aim of this study is to evaluate prospectively registered neonatal and maternal outcomes ...
Whiteman Valerie - - 2013
The contribution of sickle cell disease (SCD) and other common thalassemias in infants to adverse birth outcomes is under-studied. We therefore sought to compare adverse birth outcomes in infants with and without hemoglobinopathy. Retrospective cohort study utilizing a population-based dataset from Florida (1998-2007, n=1,564,038). The primary outcomes were low birthweight ...
Williams Eleri J - - 2013
Infection is an important cause of neonatal and infant mortality. We evaluated changes in infant deaths from infections from 1988-2008 in the North of England. We interrogated a population based survey and reviewed infant deaths from infection. Proportional contribution to deaths, pathogens identified and risk factors were analysed. 13% of ...
Giurgescu Carmen - - 2013
To explore pregnant African American women's views of factors that may impact preterm birth. Qualitative descriptive exploratory cross-sectional design. A convenience sample of 22 low-risk pregnant African American women participated in focus group interviews. Women were asked questions regarding their belief about why women have preterm birth and factors impacting ...
Martin Joyce A - - 2013
This report presents 2011 data on U.S. births according to a wide variety of characteristics. Data are presented for maternal characteristics, including age, live-birth order, race and Hispanic origin, marital status, attendant at birth, method of delivery, and infant characteristics (e.g., period of gestation, birthweight, and plurality). Birth and fertility ...
Dettrick Zoe - - 2013
As a part of the Millennium Development Goals, India seeks to substantially reduce its burden of childhood mortality. The success or failure of this goal may depend on outcomes within India's most populous state, Uttar Pradesh. This study examines the level of disparities in under-five and neonatal mortality across a ...
Lee Anne Cc AC Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA; Department of Newborn Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, MA, USA. Electronic address: - - 2013
National estimates for the numbers of babies born small for gestational age and the comorbidity with preterm birth are unavailable. We aimed to estimate the prevalence of term and preterm babies born small for gestational age (term-SGA and preterm-SGA), and the relation to low birthweight (<2500 g), in 138 countries ...
Cheng Yvonne W YW Division of Maternal-Fetal Medicine, Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Sciences, University of California, San Francisco, School of Medicine, San Francisco, - - 2013
More women are planning home birth in the United States, although safety remains unclear. We examined outcomes that were associated with planned home compared with hospital births. We conducted a retrospective cohort study of term singleton live births in 2008 in the United States. Deliveries were categorized by location: hospitals ...
Catling-Paull Christine C Centre for Midwifery, Child and Family Health, Faculty of Health, University of Technology Sydney, Sydney, NSW, Australia. - - 2013
To report maternal and neonatal outcomes for Australian women planning a publicly funded homebirth from 2005 to 2010. Retrospective analysis of data on women who planned a homebirth and on their babies. Data for 2005-2010 (or from the commencement of a program to 2010) were requested from the 12 publicly ...
Katz Joanne J Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA. - - 2013
Babies with low birthweight (<2500 g) are at increased risk of early mortality. However, low birthweight includes babies born preterm and with fetal growth restriction, and not all these infants have a birthweight less than 2500 g. We estimated the neonatal and infant mortality associated with these two characteristics in ...
Klarskov Pia - - 2013
OBJECTIVE:: To investigate the association between maternal use of sulfamethizole near term and the risk of neonatal jaundice. METHODS:: We conducted a nationwide population-based retrospective cohort study using Danish registers. All Danish women giving birth between 1995 and 2007 were included from the Danish Fertility Database. Women redeeming a prescription ...
Porta Francesco - - 2013
Breastfeeding is the normal way of providing newborns and infants with adequate nutrients for healthy growth and development. Its advantages versus artificial feeding for both mother and infant -such as metabolic, immunologic, and emotional benefits, as well as economic rewards- have been openly evidenced (1). Although all mothers virtually can ...
Bont Louis - - 2013
More than 1 in 10 babies are born prematurely and most of them are born after gestational age 32 weeks. Mortality and morbidity are more common in these moderate-to-late preterm infants than in full-term children. In this review, mechanisms and epidemiology of long-term airway morbidity in moderate-to-late preterm infants will ...
Tessema Gizachew Assefa - - 2013
Birth intervals (time between two successive live births) if short are associated with diverse complications. We assessed birth interval and its predictors among 613 married women who gave birth from January 1 to December 30, 2008. Data were collected in April 2012. Life table and Kaplan-Meier curve were used to ...
Lawson Gerald W GW John Hunter Hospital, Newcastle, NSW, - - 2013
Nearly every 2 minutes, somewhere in the world, a woman dies because of complications of pregnancy and childbirth. Every such death is an overwhelming catastrophe for everyone confronted with it. Most deaths occur in developing countries, especially in Africa and southern Asia, but a significant number also occur in the ...
Parry Kathleen K Public Health, Carolina Global Breastfeeding Institute, Chapel Hill, NC, - - 2013
Exclusive breastfeeding for 6 months and continued breastfeeding for at least 1 year is recommended by all major health organizations. Whereas 74.6 percent of mothers initiate breastfeeding at birth, exclusivity and duration remain significantly lower than national goals. Empirical evidence suggests that exposure to infant formula marketing contributes to supplementation and premature ...
Klein Michael C MC Emeritus in the Departments of Family Practice and Pediatrics, Clinical Scholars Program, Department of Family Practice University of British Columbia, BC Child and Family Research Institute, Centre Developmental Neurosciences & Child Health, Children's and Women's Health Centre of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, - - 2013
This study is one of a series of recent publications that attempt to sort out the impact of mode of birth on maternal and newborn outcome. The focus on elective cesarean section compared to planned vaginal birth beginning in spontaneous labor is an improved methodology over the earlier comparisons that ...
Harding J E JE Liggins Institute, University of Auckland, Auckland, New - - 2013
Approximately 10% of all babies worldwide are born preterm, and preterm birth is the leading cause of perinatal mortality in developed countries. Although preterm birth is associated with adverse short- and long-term health outcomes, it is not yet clear whether this relationship is causal. Rather, there is evidence that reduced ...
Fiddes Barnaby B University of Cambridge, Department of Clinical Neurosciences, Addenbrooke's Hospital, Cambridge, United - - 2013
Several groups have reported apparent association between month of birth and multiple sclerosis. We sought to test the extent to which such studies might be confounded by extraneous variables such as year and place of birth. Using national birth statistics from 2 continents, we assessed the evidence for seasonal variations ...
Bonamy Anna-Karin E AK Clinical Epidemiology Unit, Department of Medicine Solna, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden; Department of Women's and Children's Health, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden. Electronic address: - - 2013
Ophthalmologic complications after preterm birth are common. Small studies show an association between retinopathy of prematurity and later retinal detachment. There are no population-based studies of preterm birth and risk of retinal detachment, which was the objective of the current investigation. Nationwide Swedish cohort study based on population registries. Of ...
- - 2013
On October 29, 2012, Hurricane Sandy* hit the northeastern U.S. coastline. Sandy's tropical storm winds stretched over 900 miles (1,440 km), causing storm surges and destruction over a larger area than that affected by hurricanes with more intensity but narrower paths. Based on storm surge predictions, mandatory evacuations were ordered ...
Zeitlin J J INSERM, UMRS 953, Epidemiological Research Unit on Perinatal and Women's and Children's Health, Paris, France; UPMC, Paris, - - 2013
To investigate time trends in preterm birth in Europe by multiplicity, gestational age, and onset of delivery. Analysis of aggregate data from routine sources. Nineteen European countries. Live births in 1996, 2000, 2004, and 2008. Annual risk ratios of preterm birth in each country were estimated with year as a ...
Altman D G DG Centre for Statistics in Medicine, Wolfson College Annexe, University of Oxford, Oxford, - - 2013
The INTERGROWTH-21(st) Project has in its mandate to develop prescriptive standards for fetal, neonatal and preterm post-neonatal growth. The project comprises three components: the Fetal Growth Longitudinal Study (FGLS), the Preterm Postnatal Follow-up Study (PPFS), and the Newborn Cross-Sectional Study (NCSS). We consider here the statistical aspects of the three ...
López Paulina O - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Preterm birth is a global problem in Perinatal and infant Health. Currently is gaining a growing attention. Rates of preterm birth have increased in most countries, producing a dramatic impact on public health. Factors of diverse nature have been associated to these trends.In Chile, preterm birth has increased since ...
Vlachadis Nikolaos - - 2013
We congratulate Baroutis and co-authors on their brilliant article (1) which highlights the increase in preterm births as a major public health issue in Greece. We would like to contribute to their excellent analysis. According to the latest data from the Hellenic Statistical Authority (ELSTAT), preterm births in Greece rose ...
Forsyth Stewart - - 2013
Infant feeding policy and practice continues to be a contentious area of global health care. The infant formula industry is widely considered to be the bête noire with frequent claims that they adopt marketing and sales practices that are not compliant with the WHO Code. However, failure to resolve these ...
Myrskylä Mikko - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Birth order is associated with outcomes such as birth weight and adult socioeconomic position (SEP), but little is known about the association with adult height. This potential birth order-height association is important because height predicts health, and because the association may help explain population-level height trends. We studied the ...
Giubilini Alberto - - 2013
In this paper we clarify some issues related to our previous article 'After-birth abortion: why should the baby live?'.
Hidalgo-Lopezosa Pedro - - 2013
PURPOSE:: The purpose of this study was to determine whether birth plans are associated with improved obstetric and neonatal outcomes. STUDY AND DESIGN:: This retrospective case-control study (N = 182) was conducted at a hospital in Córdoba, Spain, between August 2008 and September 2011. Obstetric and neonatal outcomes were compared ...
Pasarón Raquel - - 2013
Of the approximated 130 million babies born every year worldwide, about 4 million die during the neonatal period.1 Although a general decline in infant mortality rate was seen throughout the twentieth century, the U.S. rate did not decline significantly from 2000 to 2005, ranking 30th in the world in 2005. ...
Zhang Ziyin - - 2013
This report concerns a 4-month-old infant with progressive prominent and redness of his left eye since birth. This report concerns a 4-month-old infant with progressive prominent redness of his left eye since birth. Angiography revealed a congenital pial arteriovenous fistula between the temporal branch of the left posterior cerebral artery ...
Grech Victor - - 2013
Male births occur 3% in excess of female births in mammals in a ratio (M/F) of 0.515. Many factors have been shown to influence this, including socioeconomic deprivation. This paper reviews live birth data for Germany over the period 1946-2009, and identifies secular trends in M/F pre- and post-reunification. The ...
Bonet Mercedes - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Social factors affect the risk of very preterm birth and may affect subsequent outcomes in those born preterm. We assessed the influence of neighbourhood socio-economic characteristics on the risk and outcomes of singleton very preterm birth (<32 weeks of gestation) in two European regions with different health systems. METHODS: ...
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