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Harris Mark F MF Centre for Primary Health Care and Equity, Faculty of Medicine, University of New South Wales, Sydney, New South Wales, - - 2013
The aim of this study is to examine the age-appropriate immunisation coverage and the factors associated with this in a cohort of Aboriginal infants in an outer urban Sydney community in comparison with non-Aboriginal infants in this community. Data on immunisation coverage were extracted from the Australian Childhood Immunisation Register ...
McIsaac Kathryn E KE 1Dalla Lana School of Public Health, University of Toronto, Toronto, - - 2013
Background:Very little population-based research has been conducted around the exclusive breastfeeding practices of Inuit Canadians.Objectives:This research aims to assess the distribution of exclusive breastfeeding among Inuit Canadians and to identify factors associated with exclusive breastfeeding as recommended.Methods:We use data from 188 infant-mother dyads who completed the Nunavut Inuit Child Health ...
Anderson Sarah B - - 2013
Abstract Study design: The present study is a retrospective review of 500 consecutive births at one academic institution before and after implementation of a uniform thromboprophylaxis policy with heparin for all cesarean deliveries. An "opt-out" policy for ordering physicians was implemented by automatically defaulting to order heparin in the electronic ...
Dodd Jodie M - - 2013
When a woman has had a previous caesarean birth, there are two options for her care in a subsequent pregnancy: planned elective repeat caesarean or planned vaginal birth. While there are risks and benefits for both planned elective repeat caesarean birth and planned vaginal birth after caesarean (VBAC), current sources ...
Duruflé-Tapin A A Pôle de médecine physique et réadaptation Saint-Hélier, 54, rue Saint-Hélier, 35000 Rennes, France; Réseau Breizh-PC, pôle de médecine physique et réadaptation Saint-Hélier, 54, rue Saint-Hélier, 35000 Rennes, - - 2013
To investigate causes of death and age at death in cerebral palsy subjects compared with the general population. Analysis of data supplied by the centre of epidemiology on the medical causes of death within the National Institute of Health and Medical Research in France was conducted. Three thousand and thirty-one ...
Bhutani Vinod K VK 1] Programme for Global Paediatric Research (PGPR), Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, Ontario, Canada [2] Division of Neonatal and Developmental Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, Stanford University School of Medicine, Lucile Packard Children's Hospital, Stanford, - - 2013
Background:Rhesus (Rh) disease and extreme hyperbilirubinemia (EHB) result in neonatal mortality and long-term neurodevelopmental impairment, yet there are no estimates of their burden.Methods:Systematic reviews and meta-analyses were undertaken of national prevalence, mortality, and kernicterus due to Rh disease and EHB. We applied a compartmental model to estimate neonatal survivors and ...
Mortensen Lotte Maxild LM Section for Epidemiology, Department of Public Health, University of Aarhus, Denmark, AROS Applied Biotechnology A/S, Aarhus, Denmark, Department of Public Health, University of Aarhus, Denmark, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Aarhus University Hospital, Skejby, Denmark and Department of Paediatrics, Aarhus University Hospital, Skejby, - - 2013
Exposure during fetal life may have long-lasting health consequences for the child. Cohorts with biological material are necessary to investigate the possible biological mechanisms behind this potential early programming of disease. The Aarhus Birth Cohort Biobank was established in 2008 as an amendment to an ongoing research database, the Aarhus ...
Siddalingappa Hugara H Assistant Professor, JSS Medical College, JSS University , Mysore, India - - 2013
Background: With decreasing Infant Mortality Rate, Perinatal Mortality is gaining importance as it takes into consideration most of the factors influencing child birth and its survival, mortality during this period is a better indicator of quality of Maternal and Child Health services. Objectives: To estimate the Prevalence of perinatal mortality ...
Matthews T J - - 2013
Objectives-This report presents 2010 period infant mortality statistics from the linked birth/infant death data set (linked file) by maternal and infant characteristics. The linked file differs from the mortality rate declined mortality file, which is based entirely on death certificate data. Methods-Descriptive tabulations of data are presented and interpreted. Results-The ...
Tennant Peter W G - - 2013
Pre-existing diabetes is associated with an increased risk of stillbirth, but few studies have excluded the effect of congenital anomalies. This study used data from a long-standing population-based survey of women with pre-existing diabetes to investigate the risks of fetal and infant death and quantify the contribution of glycaemic control. ...
Mondal Debapriya - - 2013
The presence of perfluoroalkyl acids (PFAAs) in breast milk has been documented, but their lactational transfer has been rarely studied. Determination of the elimination rates of these chemicals during breastfeeding is important and critical for assessing exposure in mothers and infants. We aimed to investigate the association between breastfeeding and ...
Martin Joyce A - - 2013
Approximately one third of all infant deaths in the U.S. are related to preterm birth. Infants who survive a preterm birth are at greater risk than those born later in pregnancy for early death and lifelong effects such as neurologic and cognitive difficulties. The rate of preterm births (i.e., <37 ...
Hajizadeh Mohammad M Institute for Health and Social Policy, McGill University, 1130 Pine Avenue West, Montreal, Quebec H3A 1A3, Canada. Electronic address: - - 2014
Growing work demonstrates social gradients in infant mortality within countries. However, few studies have compared the magnitude of these inequalities cross-nationally. Even fewer have assessed the determinants of social inequalities in infant mortality across countries. This study provides a comprehensive and comparative analysis of social inequalities in infant mortality in ...
Ahn Youngmee - - 2013
The physical growth of mild preterm infants (<32 weeks of gestation at birth) needs to be explored in terms of bio-sociocultural factors considering the sociocultural aspects of child-care practice. A retrospective cohort study was conducted with 238 Korean mild preterm infants from birth up to 6 months of corrected age regarding four ...
Blencowe Hannah - - 2013
This article is part of a supplement jointly funded by Save the Children's Saving Newborn Lives programme through a grant from The Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation and March of Dimes Foundation and published in collaboration with the Partnership for Maternal, Newborn and Child Health and the World Health Organization ...
Veile Amanda A Department of Anthropology, University of Massachusetts Boston, 100 Morrissey Blvd., Boston, MA 02125-3393, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
For many traditional, non-industrialized populations, intensive and prolonged breastfeeding buffers infant health against poverty, poor sanitation, and limited health care. Due to novel influences on local economies, values, and beliefs, the traditional and largely beneficial breastfeeding patterns of such populations may be changing to the detriment of infant health. To ...
Guillot Michel - - 2013
There is a great deal of uncertainty over the levels of, and trends in, infant mortality in the former Soviet republics of Central Asia. As a result, the impact of the break-up of the Soviet Union on infant mortality in the region is not known, and proper monitoring of mortality ...
Fan Lichun - - 2013
Although the prevalence of congenital malformations is high in China, little information is available on the Hainan Province. Data used in this study were collected from 2000 to 2010 by monitoring newborns (including both live births and stillbirths) in the Hainan Province. Comparison analyses were conducted by performing χ(2) tests. ...
Santosh Asha A Departments of Obstetrics & Gynecology, Nizwa Hospital, - - 2013
This study aimed to provide insight into the causes of stillbirths and early neonatal deaths and identify better intervention strategies. This was a retrospective study during a 7-year period (January 2003 to December 2009) of all stillbirths and early neonatal deaths at the Nizwa regional referral hospital in Al-Dakhiliyah region, ...
Sengupta Shaon S Division of Neonatology, Department of Pediatrics, Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, - - 2013
Full-term neonates born between 37 and 41 weeks' gestational age have been considered a homogeneous, low-risk group. However, recent evidence from studies based on mode of delivery has pointed toward increased morbidity associated with early-term cesarean section births (37-38 weeks) compared with term neonates (39-41 weeks). To compare the short-term ...
Chung Sung-Hoon - - 2013
Breastfeeding has numerous benefits both for infants and mothers. WHO, UNICEF, and OECD report the breastfeeding rate (BR) and exclusive breastfeeding rate (EBR) at 3, 4, and 6 months of age for the international comparison. This article investigates the nationwide changes in BR and EBR in Korea from 1994 to ...
Gillet Evy - - 2013
To compare fetal and infant mortality between immigrant and native-born mothers in Flanders, Belgium. In a population-based study, data from 326 166 neonatal deliveries, collected by the Study Center for Perinatal Epidemiology and the Belgian Civil Birth Registration system between January 2004 and December 2008, were analyzed. Immigrant mothers were ...
Goli Srinivas - - 2013
Summary Studies on the causes of maternal mortality in India have focused on institutional deliveries, and the association of socioeconomic and demographic factors with the decline in maternal mortality has not been sufficiently investigated. By using both time series and cross-sectional data, this paper examines the factors associated with the ...
McAteer Jarod P - - 2013
IMPORTANCE Bottle feeding has been implicated in the etiology of hypertrophic pyloric stenosis (HPS). Further data are needed to define the nature of this relationship and the clinical variables that influence it. OBJECTIVE To determine if bottle feeding after birth is associated with the development of HPS in infants. We ...
Kihal-Talantikite Wahida - - 2013
Few studies have considered using environmental amenities to explain social health inequalities.Nevertheless, Green spaces that promote good health may have an effect on socioeconomic health inequalities. In developed countries, there is considerable evidence that green spaces have a beneficial effect on the health of urban populations and recent studies suggest ...
Cruickshank Mark N - - 2013
Preterm birth confers a high risk of adverse long-term health outcomes for survivors, yet the underlying molecular mechanisms are unclear. We hypothesized that effects of preterm birth can be mediated through measurable epigenomic changes throughout development. We therefore used a longitudinal birth cohort to measure the epigenetic mark of DNA ...
Al-Waheeb Salah - - 2013
Infant death is often tragic, particularly in the Arab World, where infants, especially males, are supposed to carry their family's names due to ancient cultural traditions. The conditions and events that may be associated with infant death are extremely varied. Infants may die from either congenital disorders or natural diseases, ...
Sawchuk Lawrence A - - 2013
A wide range of stressors can cause a dramatic and sudden rise in the death rate in populations, typically resulting in what is referred to as crisis mortality. Here we present a method to standardize the assessment of identifying moments of crises. A modification of the mortality Z-score methodology which ...
Ajetunmobi Omotomilola - - 2013
Providing infants with the 'best possible start in life' is a priority for the Scottish Government. This is reflected in policy and health promotion strategies to increase breast feeding, which gives the best source of nutrients for healthy infant growth and development. However, the rate of breast feeding in Scotland ...
Burris Heather H - - 2013
Background:Risk factors for maternal vitamin D deficiency and preterm birth overlap but the distribution of 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) levels among preterm infants is not known. We aimed to determine associations between 25(OH)D levels and gestational age.Methods:We measured umbilical cord plasma levels of 25(OH)D from 471 infants born at Brigham and ...
Tul Natasa - - 2013
To assess the contribution of ART twins to the very preterm birth rate in Slovenia. In this retrospective population-based study we stratified by plurality and gestational age (<32 weeks vs >32 week) all deliveries >24 weeks in women who conceived by ART. We counted the frequencies of all ART liveborn ...
Retsas Spyros S Formerly Consultant Medical Oncologist, Charing Cross and Cromwell Hospitals, London, - - 2013
This paper addresses the myths surrounding the birth and death of Asclepios, the popular healing God of the Greeks and his place among other deities of the Greek Pantheon. The enigmatic invocation of Asclepios by Socrates, the Athenian philosopher condemned to take the hemlock, in his final moments is also ...
Mavrogenis Stelios - - 2013
Previously an increasing birth prevalence of hypospadias was recorded in some countries, including in Hungary. However, a Hungarian clinical-epidemiological study estimated the so-called true birth prevalence of hypospadias (2.25+0.30 per 1000) based on the physical examination of newborns with well-defined diagnostic criteria. Thus the aim of this study was the ...
Salihu H M - - 2013
Aim: The aim of this paper was to assess the association between all-cause infant mortality (death<365 days) in the first pregnancy and the risk of preterm birth (<37 weeks of gestation) in the second pregnancy. Methods: Using the Missouri maternally linked dataset from 1989 to 2005 (N.=639134 singleton live births), ...
Berger Thomas M - - 2013
The aim of this conceptual review is to provide the reader with a broad perspective on progress made in respiratory support of preterm infants over the past five decades. Landmark discoveries are described in their historical context and underlying theories of lung protection are discussed. The review finishes by integrating ...
Heinonen Kati K Institute of Behavioural Sciences, PO Box 9, 00014 University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland. - - 2013
We examined if those born late-preterm (at 34 to 36 weeks of gestation) differed from those born at term in their maximum attained lifetime socioeconomic position (SEP) across the adult years up to 56 to 66 years, and in intergenerational social mobility from childhood parental SEP to own attained SEP. ...
D'Onofrio Brian M - - 2013
IMPORTANCE Preterm birth is associated with increased mortality and morbidity. However, previous studies have been unable to rigorously examine whether confounding factors cause these associations rather than the harmful effects of being born preterm. OBJECTIVE To estimate the extent to which the associations between early gestational age and offspring mortality ...
Mackenbach Johan P - - 2013
We investigated trends in mortality in European countries by cause of death in the period 1955-1989, and studied the role of economic and political conditions. We extracted data on age-standardised mortality by country (n = 25), sex, cause of death (n = 17) and calendar year from an internationally harmonised dataset. We analysed changes ...
Rahmani Ahmad Masoud - - 2013
This study aimed to assess the potential impact a proposed family planning model would have on reducing maternal and infant mortality in Afghanistan. Afghanistan has a high total fertility rate, high infant mortality rate, and high maternal mortality rate. Afghanistan also has tremendous socio-cultural barriers to and misconceptions about family ...
Swanson Jonathan R - - 2013
Congenital birth defects and early/premature birth are common complex conditions affecting populations throughout the world, the interaction of which accounts for a significant proportion of neonatal morbidity and mortality. The relationship between these two conditions is not well understood. Several congenital birth defects can directly lead to early delivery. In ...
Yamaguchi Kazuaki - - 2013
Although cranial distraction osteogenesis (CDO) is beneficial, few studies have reported on detailed operative procedures and postoperative cranial growth. Herein, we demonstrated the objective effectiveness of CDO in younger infants. The study included infants who underwent primary cranial distraction for craniosynostosis. Infants who had hydrocephalus were excluded and those who ...
Kozuki Naoko - - 2013
Previous studies have reported on adverse neonatal outcomes associated with parity and maternal age. Many of these studies have relied on cross-sectional data, from which drawing causal inference is complex. We explore the associations between parity/maternal age and adverse neonatal outcomes using data from cohort studies conducted in low- and ...
Kozuki Naoko - - 2013
Short and long birth intervals have previously been linked to adverse neonatal outcomes. However, much of the existing literature uses cross-sectional studies, from which deriving causal inference is complex. We examine the association between short/long birth intervals and adverse neonatal outcomes by calculating and meta-analyzing associations using original data from ...
Mumby Hannah S - - 2013
In seasonal environments, many species concentrate their reproduction in the time of year most likely to maximize offspring survival. Asian elephants (Elephas maximus) inhabit regions with seasonal climate, but females can still experience 16-week reproductive cycles throughout the year. Whether female elephants nevertheless concentrate births on periods with maximum offspring ...
Brick A - - 2013
Despite a steady increase in the rate of breastfeeding in Ireland over the period 2004-2010 (from 46.8 % in 2004 to 55.7 % in 2010), Irish rates of breastfeeding are still low by international standards. Over this period, the characteristics of mothers and babies changed, with mothers increasingly older, having fewer children ...
Goldenberg Robert L - - 2013
Several recent studies in low-resource countries have claimed that training in-and increased use of-newborn resuscitation resulted in reduced stillbirth rates. In the present article, we explore the ability of various types of birth attendant in some low-resource country locations to gather data that accurately differentiate a stillbirth from a live ...
Vyas Krishna S - - 2013
To examine children's growth chart use among clinicians and explore awareness of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's (CDC) recommendations for the use of World Health Organization (WHO) growth charts. A cross-sectional survey of pediatricians and family practitioners in Kentucky. Only 29% of clinicians reported using WHO growth charts, ...
Raeburn S - - 2013
Title: Risk factors for congenital anomaly in a multiethnic birth cohort: ananalysis of the Born in Bradford study. Authors: Sheridan E, Wright J, Small N et al. Journal: Lancet 2013. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(13)61132-0.
Vikram K - - 2013
Background & objectives : Janani Suraksha Yojana (JSY), a conditional cash transfer scheme introduced to improve the institutional delivery rates and thereby reduce the maternal and infant mortality was implemented in all States and Union Territories of India from 2007. The present study was carried out to identify the beneficiary ...
Hamilton Brady E - - 2013
Objectives-This report presents preliminary data for 2012 on births in the United States. U.S. data on births are shown by age, live-birth order, race, and Hispanic origin of mother. Data on marital status, cesarean delivery, preterm births, and low birthweight are also presented. Methods-Data in this report are based on ...
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