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Joseph Ks - - 2014
The literature shows a variable and inconsistent relationship between socioeconomic position and preterm birth. We examined risk factors for spontaneous and iatrogenic preterm birth, with a focus on socioeconomic position and clinical risk factors, in order to explain the observed inconsistency. We carried out a retrospective population-based cohort study of ...
Doherty Alissa N AN Department of Pediatrics, Oakland University William Beaumont School of Medicine, and Beaumont Children's Hospital, Royal Oak, - - 2014
To define normal levels of glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) activity in a population of North American white newborns. We studied 2 white newborn populations, ≥35 weeks of gestation. In the retrospective study, G6PD activity was measured (on clinical indication) in 242 newborns aged ≤7 days. In the prospective study, we measured G6PD activity ...
Jayachandran Seema S Department of Economics, Northwestern University, 2001 Sheridan Road, Evanston, IL, 60208, USA, - - 2014
Previous studies suggest that access to modern contraceptives can reduce breast-feeding rates because women who had been using breast-feeding to avoid pregnancy substitute away from it. This article shows that contraceptive use can also have a positive effect on breast-feeding. A mother often weans a child if she becomes pregnant ...
Grünebaum Amos A Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Weill Medical College of Cornell University, New York, New - - 2014
We examined neonatal mortality in relation to birth settings and birth attendants in the United States from 2006-2009. Data from the CDC linked birth and infant death data set in the US from 2006-2009 were used to assess early and total neonatal mortality for singleton, vertex, term births without congenital ...
Xie R-H RH Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Nanfang Hospital, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou, China; OMNI Research Group, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University of Ottawa Faculty of Medicine, Ottawa, ON, Canada; Clinical Epidemiology Program, Ottawa Hospital Research Institute, Ottawa, ON, - - 2014
To compare infant outcomes between mothers with hypertension treated by beta-blockers alone and by methyldopa alone during pregnancy. Historical cohort study. Saskatchewan, Canada. Women who delivered a singleton birth in Saskatchewan during the periods from 1 January 1980 to 30 June 1987 or from 1 January 1990 to 31 December ...
Manzon Lauren L Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, 12 Bayit Street, Shaare Zedek Medical Center, Jerusalem 91031, - - 2014
The active form of vitamin D (1,25[OH]2D3) has been established to have potent anti-proliferative, immuno-modulatory, and anti-microbial action in addition to its effects on bone. The nuclear vitamin D receptor (VDR) is expressed in the placenta-decidua, regulating genes associated with implantation and implantation immuno-tolerance. If VDR polymorphisms regulate VDR functionality ...
Welsh Joanne V JV Addenbrooke׳s Hospital, Hills Road, Cambridge CB2 0QQ, UK. Electronic address: - - 2014
birth plans detailing a woman׳s preferences for intrapartum care are a common feature in British maternity units, and are a means of encouraging the implementation of choice. Proforma versions may be incorporated routinely in antenatal case notes, or the woman may devise her own unique birth plan. Although women׳s views ...
Bernhard Casey - - 2014
The number of US women choosing home birth is increasing. Little is known about women who choose home birth after having experienced hospital birth; therefore, the purpose of this research was to explore reasons why these women choose home birth and their perceptions regarding their birth experiences. Qualitative description was ...
Marlow N N Academic Neonatology, UCL Institute for Women's Health, , - - 2014
Expertise and resources may be important determinants of outcome for extremely preterm babies. We evaluated the effect of place of birth and perinatal transfer on survival and neonatal morbidity within a prospective cohort of births between 22 and 26 weeks of gestation in England during 2006. We studied the whole ...
Ko Y-J YJ Department of Family Medicine, Korea Cancer Centre Hospital, Seoul, South Korea. Electronic address: - - 2014
The infant mortality rate is a sensitive and commonly used indicator of the socio-economic status of a population. Generally, studies investigating the relationship between infant mortality and socio-economic status have focused on full-term infants in Western populations. This study examined the effects of education level and employment status on full-term ...
Hirai Ashley H AH USDHHS, Health Resources and Services Administration, Maternal and Child Health Bureau, Rockville, Maryland. Electronic address: - - 2014
Infant mortality rates (IMRs) are disproportionally high in the U.S. South; however, the proximate contributors that could inform regional action remain unclear. To quantify the components of excess infant mortality in the U.S. South by maternal race/ethnicity, underlying cause of death, and gestational age. U.S. Period Linked Birth/Infant Death Data ...
Redshaw Maggie M Policy Research Unit for Maternal Health and Care, National Perinatal Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom; Queensland Centre for Mothers & Babies, School of Psychology, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia. Electronic address: - - 2014
to describe the timing, type and duration of initial infant contact and associated demographic and clinical factors in addition to investigating the impact of early contact on breastfeeding and maternal health and well being after birth. data from a recent population survey of women birthing in Queensland, Australia were used ...
Kumar Abhishek A International Institute for Population Sciences (IIPS), Room No. 19, Old Hostel, Govandi Station Road, Deonar, Mumbai, 400088, India, - - 2014
This paper examines the trends in economic inequality in infant mortality across urban-rural residence in India over last 14 years. We analysed data from the three successive rounds of the National Family Health Survey conducted in India during 1992-1993, 1998-1999, and 2005-2006. Asset-based household wealth index was used as the economic ...
Merritt T A TA The Department of Pediatrics, Division of Neonatology, Loma Linda University School of Medicine, Loma Linda, CA, - - 2014
Objective:We reviewed the occurrence of prematurity, low birth weight, multiple gestations, frequency of stillbirths and maternity care-associated variables including hospital stay and hospital charges of women conceiving using assisted reproductive technology (ART) or artificial insemination (AI) compared with women with a history of infertility who conceived naturally, and all other ...
Prata Ndola - - 2014
Bangladesh is one of the few countries that may actually achieve the fifth Millennium Development Goal (MDG) in time, despite skilled birth attendance remaining low. The purpose of this paper is to examine the potential role misoprostol can play in the decline of maternal deaths attributed to postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) ...
Cohen Bruce B Massachusetts Department of Public Health, Boston, - - 2014
Assisted Reproductive Technology (ART) includes fertility procedures where both egg and sperm are handled in the lab. ART use has increased considerably in recent years, accounting for 47 090 livebirths in the US in 2010. ART increases the probability of multiple gestation births, which are at higher risks than singletons for ...
Miller Elizabeth M EM Department of Anthropology, University of South Florida, Tampa, FL, - - 2014
As researchers increasingly focus on early infancy as a critical period of development, there is a greater need for methodological tools that can address all aspects of infant growth. Infant skinfold measures, in particular, are measurements in need of reliable reference standards that encompass all ages of infants and provide ...
Simmons Kristen K Pediatric Research Center, Department of Pediatrics, University of Texas Medical School at Houston, Houston, - - 2014
Natural history studies performed 30 years ago identifying higher mortality among children born with achondroplasia, a genetic dwarfing condition, resulted in clinical recommendations aimed at improving mortality in childhood. The objective of this study was to determine if mortality rates have changed over the past few decades. Children born with ...
Wu Li - - 2014
Congenital heart defect (CHD) is the most common major malformations in infants. Little is known about the main epidemiologic characteristics of CHD prevalence in Guangdong province, China. Our study was undertaken to investigate the time trends in the prevalence of CHD in Guangdong province from 2008 to 2012. Data were ...
Auger Nathalie N Institut national de sante publique du Québec, Montréal, Québec, Canada, Research Centre of the University of Montréal Hospital Centre, Montréal, Québec, Canada, Department of Social and Preventive Medicine, University of Montréal, Montréal, Québec, Canada, Maternal and Infant Health Section, Public Health Agency of Canada, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada and Department of Epidemiology, Biostatistics and Occupational Health, McGill University, Montréal, Québec, - - 2014
Fetuses-at-risk denominators are commonly used in research on preterm stillbirth, but applications to postnatal outcomes such as preterm infant mortality are controversial. We evaluated whether biased associations between maternal risk factors and preterm infant mortality caused by stratification by preterm birth could be avoided using fetuses-at-risk risk ratios. Data included ...
Hamamatsu Yuri Y Department of Human Ecology, Graduate School of Medicine, The University of Tokyo, - - 2014
Summary On 11th March 2011 a magnitude nine earthquake struck the Tohoku region of Japan. The earthquake resulted in a large tsunami and an accident at the Fukushima Nuclear Power Plant. Previous studies have suggested that demographic indices relating to reproduction and marriage change after such massive disasters (e.g. large ...
Cheyney Melissa - - 2014
Between 2004 and 2010, the number of home births in the United States rose by 41%, increasing the need for accurate assessment of the safety of planned home birth. This study examines outcomes of planned home births in the United States between 2004 and 2009. We calculated descriptive statistics for ...
Dakpé S S Department of Maxillofacial Surgery and Stomatology, University Hospital Amiens, France. Electronic address: - - 2014
Teratomas are congenital malformations that are rarely located in the head and neck region. We report a case of congenital teratoma of the oral cavity, which was causing an airway obstruction and was treated at the time of birth. This teratoma was discovered at 27 gestational weeks by ultrasonography. A ...
Boghossian Nansi S NS Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, Bethesda, - - 2014
Little is known about how very low birth weight (VLBW) affects survival and morbidities among infants with trisomy 13 (T13) or trisomy 18 (T18). We examined the care plans for VLBW infants with T13 or T18 and compared their risks of mortality and neonatal morbidities with VLBW infants with trisomy ...
Xie Ri-Hua RH Department of Obstetrics, Nanfang Hospital, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou, China; OMNI Research Group, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Ottawa Faculty of Medicine, 501 Smyth Road, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada K1H 8L6; Clinical Epidemiology Program, Ottawa Hospital Research Institute, 501 Smyth Road, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada K1H - - 2014
Labetalol and methyldopa are the two antihypertensive drugs most frequently used to control blood pressure for hypertensive disorders of pregnancy. The objective of this study was to assess if labetalol is associated with poor infant outcomes. Retrospective population-based cohort study using the linked maternal/infant databases in the Province of Saskatchewan. ...
Liebrechts-Akkerman Germaine G Department of Forensic Molecular Biology, Erasmus MC University Medical Center Rotterdam, P.O. Box 2040, 3000 CA, Rotterdam, The - - 2014
Unclassified sudden infant death (USID) is the sudden and unexpected death of an infant that remains unexplained after thorough case investigation including performance of a complete autopsy and review of the circumstances of death and the clinical history. When the infant is below 1 year of age and with onset of ...
Räisänen Sari S Department of Epidemiology, Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, Atlanta, GA, USA; Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Kuopio University Hospital, Kuopio, - - 2014
Epidural analgesia is the most effective way to relieve pain during birth. In a population-based case-control study, we evaluated whether socioeconomic status (SES) affects the use of epidural analgesia for intrapartum pain relief in publicly funded health care. Data gathered from the Finnish Medical Birth Register included all singleton births ...
Kadhel Philippe - - 2014
Persistent organic pollutants have not been conclusively associated with length of gestation or with preterm birth. Chlordecone is an organochlorine pesticide that has been extensively used to control the banana root borer population in the French West Indies. Data from the Timoun Mother-Child Cohort Study conducted in Guadeloupe between 2004 ...
Pinar Halit H The Warren Alpert Medical School of Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island; Columbia University School of Medicine, New York, New York; RTI International, Durham, North Carolina; the University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio, San Antonio, and the University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, Texas; Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia; the University of Utah School of Medicine, Salt Lake City, Utah; Tufts University Medical Center, Boston, Masachusetts; and the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, Bethesda, Maryland. For a list of members in the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development Stillbirth Collaborative Research Network, see the Appendix online at - - 2014
To compare placental lesions for stillbirth cases and live birth controls in a population-based study. Pathologic examinations were performed on placentas from singleton pregnancies using a standard protocol. Data were analyzed overall and within gestational age groups at delivery. Placentas from 518 stillbirths and 1,200 live births were studied. Single ...
Burns Emily - - 2014
The discursive construction of the human placenta varies greatly between hospital and home-birthing contexts. The former, driven by medicolegal discourse, defines the placenta as clinical waste. Within this framework, the placenta is as much of an afterthought as it is considered the "afterbirth." In home-birth practices, the placenta is constructed ...
Motani Ryosuke R Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, University of California, Davis, Davis, California, United States of - - 2014
Viviparity in Mesozoic marine reptiles has traditionally been considered an aquatic adaptation. We report a new fossil specimen that strongly contradicts this traditional interpretation. The new specimen contains the oldest fossil embryos of Mesozoic marine reptile that are about 10 million years older than previous such records. The fossil belongs ...
Chan Ronna L RL Department of Epidemiology, Gillings School of Global Public Health, The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, CB 7435, McGavran-Greenberg Hall, Chapel Hill, NC 27599-7435, - - 2014
Preterm birth is a delivery that occurs at less than 37 completed weeks of gestation and it is associated with perinatal morbidity and mortality. Spontaneous preterm birth accounts for up to 75% of all preterm births. A number of maternal or fetal characteristics have been associated with preterm birth, but ...
Titaley Christiana R CR Center for Health Research Universitas Indonesia (CHR-UI), Faculty of Public Health, Universitas Indonesia, Depok, Indonesia Tel: +62 21 727 0154; Fax: +62 21 727 0153 Email: - - 2014
This analysis aims to examine factors associated with delayed initiation and non-exclusive breastfeeding in Indonesia. Data were derived from the 2002/2003 and 2007 Indonesia Demographic and Health Survey. Information from 12,191 singleton live-born infants aged 0-23 months was used to examine factors associated with delayed initiation of breastfeeding. Furthermore, information ...
Saarela Jan J University of Helsinki and Åbo Akademi University, Finland, Jan Saarela, Åbo Akademi University, PO Box 311, FIN-65101 Vasa, - - 2014
We provide the first analyses of infant mortality rates by indigenous ethnic group in Finland, a country that has one of the lowest relative numbers of infant deaths in the world. Using files from the Finnish population register, we identified both of the parents of children born in the period ...
Sisay Mitike Molla - - 2014
In Ethiopia, neonatal mortality and stillbirth are high and underreported. This study explored values related to neonatal mortality and stillbirth and the visibility of these deaths in rural Ethiopia among 3 generations of women. We conducted a qualitative study in 6 rural districts of the Oromiya and Amhara regional states ...
Dashti Manal M Human Nutrition, School of Medicine, College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences, University of Glasgow, Glasgow G31 2ER, UK. - - 2014
The purposes of this paper are to report the prevalence of breastfeeding to six months among women in Kuwait and to determine the factors that are associated with the duration of breastfeeding. A cohort of 373 women recruited from maternity wards in four hospitals in Kuwait city were followed from ...
Jefferies Ann L - - 2014
At the time of discharge home, parents of preterm infants in the neonatal intensive care unit often feel apprehensive and may question their ability to care for their baby. The well-planned, comprehensive discharge of a medically stable infant helps to ensure a positive transition to home and safe, effective care ...
Xu Yanhua Y Department of Newborn Screening, Children's Hospital of Zhejiang University School of Medicine, Hangzhou, China - - 2014
Background It is reported that the infant mortality (IM) rate decreased rapidly in China and the life expectancy (LE) also had a high increase. Our objective was to determine the health status of the Chinese population by investigating IM and LE and their inter-relationship. Material and Methods Based on a ...
Woodhouse Cristina C College of Medicine, University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa, United States of - - 2014
There has been little work that comprehensively compared the relationship between prenatal care and infant health across multiple countries using similar data sources and analytical models. Such comparative analyses are useful for understanding the background of differences in infant health between populations. We evaluated the association between prenatal care visits ...
Grech Victor V Department of Paediatrics, Mater Dei Hospital, Msida, - - 2014
The Windscale (UK) fire of 1957 carried radioactive fallout according to the then prevailing wind patterns, in a North-Easterly direction across the Nordic countries, toward Norway. The male:female ratio at birth (M/F) is known to be increased after parental exposure to ionising radiation due to foetal losses that affect female ...
Fant Michael E ME Department of Pediatrics, Morsani College of Medicine, University of South Florida , Tampa, FL , USA ; Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Morsani College of Medicine, University of South Florida , Tampa, FL , USA ; Department of Pathology and Cell Biology, Morsani College of Medicine, University of South Florida , Tampa, FL , - - 2014
Epidemiological studies have demonstrated an increased prevalence of birth defects and intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) among infants born prematurely suggesting they share common biological determinants. The identification of key regulatory pathways contributing to this nexus is essential to ongoing efforts to develop effective intervention strategies. Plac1 is a paternally imprinted ...
Szwarcwald Célia Landmann CL Institute of Communication and Information Science and Technology in Health, Oswaldo Cruz Foundation, Ministry of Health, Av. Brasil, 4365 - ICICT room 225 - Manguinhos, Rio de Janeiro 21040-360, - - 2014
In the last 20 years, Brazil has undergone dramatic changes in terms of socioeconomic development and health care. In the first decade of the 2000s, the Ministry of Health (MoH) developed a series of programs focused on reducing infant mortality, including the Family Health Program as a national policy for primary ...
Thong Meow-Keong MK Department of Paediatrics, Faculty of Medicine, University of Malaya , Kuala Lumpur , - - 2014
Birth defects or congenital anomalies are one of the major causes of disability in developed and developing countries. Data on birth defects from population-based studies originating from developing countries are lacking. Increasingly, there is a shift to genetic testing and genomics study of birth defects. However, the translation from bench ...
Robert E E Research Center of Health Policy and Systems-International Health, School of Public Health, Université Libre de Bruxelles, Route de Lennik 808, 1070 Brussels, - - 2014
Objective. To report the duration of and factors associated with exclusive and any breastfeeding among the French-speaking community of Belgium (Wallonia). Material and Methods. A two-stage cluster sample was drawn from the population of children aged 18-24 months living in the area in 2012. Anamnestic data on breastfeeding and sociodemographic ...
Nisar Yasir Bin YB Sydney School of Public Health, The University of Sydney, Room 128C, Edward Ford Building, Sydney NSW 2006, Australia. - - 2014
Globally 7.6 million children died in 2010 before reaching their fifth birthday and 40% of these deaths occur in the neonatal period. Pakistan has the third highest rate of neonatal mortality globally. To implement evidence-based interventions for the reduction of neonatal mortality, it is important to investigate factors associated with ...
Mashhadi Abdolahi Hossein H Tabriz Health Services Management Research Centre, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz 5155668474, - - 2014
Background. Congenital anomalies are responsible for a remarkable proportion of mortality and morbidity in newborns. The aim of this study was to document the epidemiological features of congenital anomalies in rural areas, northwest of Iran. Method. The study population included live births born between 2004 and 2012 in rural areas ...
Gan Xiao-Ling XL Obstetrics and Gynecology Department, The Second Affiliated Hospital of Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing 400016, China ; School of Public Health, Epidemiology, Biostatistics and Clinical Research Centre, Université Libre de Bruxelles (ULB), Brussels 1070, - - 2014
Background. Provincial maternal mortality surveillance systems (PMMSS) have been set up in nearly all the provinces in China to monitor local maternal mortality and provide the evidence for maternal health interventions suited to local conditions. However, till now little is known outside of China about the characteristics of PMMSS. Methods. ...
Singh Keerti K Faculty of Medical Sciences, University of the West Indies, Cave Hill, BB23034, - - 2014
Objectives. To study the prevalence and the pattern of major congenital malformations and its contribution to the overall perinatal morbidity and mortality. Methods. It is a retrospective population based study. It includes all major congenital malformations in newborns during 1993-2012. The data was collected from the birth register, the neonatal ...
Chowell Gerardo G Division of International Epidemiology and Population Studies, Fogarty International Center, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD, USA. - - 2014
The impact of socio-demographic factors and baseline health on the mortality burden of seasonal and pandemic influenza remains debated. Here we analyzed the spatial-temporal mortality patterns of the 1918 influenza pandemic in Spain, one of the countries of Europe that experienced the highest mortality burden. We analyzed monthly death rates ...
Hobeika Elie - - 2014
International agencies have recently assigned Lebanon to the group H of countries with "no national data on maternal mortality," and estimated a corresponding maternal mortality ratio (MMR) of 150 per 100,000 live births. The Ministry of Public Health addressed the discrepancy perceived between the reality of the maternal mortality ratio ...
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