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Results 601 - 650 of 1010
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Lam Tania - - 2003
Previous results from this laboratory have shown that human infants (<12 mo old) respond appropriately to transient changes in sensory input during stepping. We examined how infants adapted to a more enduring change in sensory input by applying load to one limb during stepping. A small weight (500-900 g) was ...
Hanford K J - - 2002
Genetic parameters from both single-trait and bivariate analyses for prolificacy, weight and wool traits were estimated using REML with animal models for Columbia sheep from data collected from 1950 to 1998 at the U.S. Sheep Experiment Station (USSES), Dubois, ID. Breeding values from both single-trait and seven-trait analyses calculated using ...
Iñiguez Germán - - 2002
Wide ranges in postnatal weight gain are seen in infants born small for gestational age (SGA); most show some catch-up growth and this may be driven by increased appetite. Ghrelin, the natural ligand of the GH secretagogue receptor, has potent orexigenic effects. In adults circulating ghrelin levels are increased in ...
Mainous Rosalie O - - 2002
Infant massage has been practiced for centuries by segments on the continents of Africa and South America and in the Far East. Infant massage is a relatively new modality in North America. Numerous studies support its use in preterm infants, who have exhibited decreased stress levels, increased weight gain, and ...
Bulk-Bunschoten Anneke M W - - 2002
We describe the determinants of weight gain in the first 4 months of life in a cohort of 3256 infants. The study was designed as a survey with follow-up. In the period 1 April to 1 July 1998, all infants, usually 4 weeks old but not older than 4 months, ...
Erasmus Helen D - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether lactase-treated preterm feeds enhance weight gain and feeding tolerance in premature infants. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, double-blind, randomized, controlled trial involving 130 infants (26-34 weeks postconceptual age). The primary outcome variable was weight gain (g per day). Other outcome measures included gains in length and head circumference, ...
Eliakim Alon - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effect of daily movements on weight gain, serum leptin, and insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I) in premature infants. STUDY DESIGN: Twenty very-low-birth-weight premature infants were matched and randomized to a daily movement (n = 10) and control groups (n = 10). Daily movement consisted of passive ...
De Curtis M - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Most preterm infants are still preterm and have a low birth weight when they are discharged from the hospital. An important issue is whether the long-term consequences of early growth restriction can be diminished by nutritional intervention in preterm infants after discharge from the hospital. AIM: To evaluate differences ...
Palacio Ana - - 2002
Circulating leptin levels, proinflammatory and T helper cells type 1 (Th1), Th2 cytokine production, and lymphoproliferative response were measured in 15 infants with primary moderate protein calorie malnutrition on admission and after recovery of 10% of weight. Sixteen healthy, well nourished infants of comparable age served as controls. A significant ...
Goldstein Stuart L - - 2002
Very few pediatric studies have monitored nutritional status using normalized protein catabolic rate (nPCR) or treating protein-energy malnutrition (PEM) with intradialytic parenteral nutrition (IDPN). The current study compares nPCR with serum albumin as a marker for nutritional status and examines the effectiveness of IDPN treatment in three malnourished adolescent patients ...
Anderson Diane M - - 2002
All components of assessment contribute to the final decision regarding nutritional status of the infant and the nutritional therapy indicated. One parameter by itself such as nutrient intake, weight change, or a laboratory value cannot clearly determine the total nutritional state of the infant. Achieving appropriate intakes and weight gains ...
Duro Debora - - 2002
OBJECTIVES: To derive new equations for 24-hour energy expenditure (24-h EE; kcal/d) and resting (RMR; kcal/d) and sleeping metabolic rates (SMR; kcal/d) in young infants by using the Enhanced Metabolic Testing Activity Chamber (EMTAC). METHODS: Data from 50 (25 male/25 female) healthy normally growing infants (4.9 +/- 1.6 months, 7.1 ...
Ferber Sari Goldstein - - 2002
BACKGROUND: The method of "massage therapy" has consistently shown increased weight gain in preterm infants. The weight gain was apparent during massages administered by professionals. AIMS: To replicate the results of increased weight gain in the course of "massage therapy" in preterm infants, and utilize a new, cost-effective application of ...
Moran P - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Although the effectiveness of prednisolone therapy for severe hyperemesis gravidarum has been demonstrated, there is no consensus on how to assess severity to justify such treatment, nor any information on whether such therapy affects birth weight. AIM: To document the effect of prednisolone therapy in women with defined severity ...
Achenbach Gretchen G - - 2002
We examined changes in weight for 10 captive adult male cotton-top tamarins (Saguinus oedipus) from before the birth of infants through the first 16 weeks of infant life. Compared to before birth, males weighed significantly less in Weeks 1-4, 5-8, and 9-12 following the birth. Weights in Weeks 13-16 did ...
Otsuji Tamiki - - 2002
In baseball and softball, warm-up swings with a weighted bat have been believed to increase swing velocity when an ordinary bat is used in the subsequent competitive situation. The purpose of this study was to investigate the after-effects of using a weighted bat on subsequent swing velocity and batters' perceptions ...
Brandon Debra H - - 2002
OBJECTIVES: Our purpose was to evaluate the benefits of cycled light (CL) versus near darkness (ND) on health in preterm infants born at <31 weeks' gestational age. STUDY DESIGN: Randomized, interventional study comparing infants receiving (1) CL from birth, (2) CL at 32 weeks' postconceptional age (PCA), and (3) CL ...
Evans Mark I - - 2002
The objective of this study was to determine if maternal weight correction as implemented 20 years ago for alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) testing is still appropriate, and what should be the weight cutoff for correction. AFP measurements from 44,951 biochemical screening cases from a single laboratory were divided by maternal weight, and ...
Shephard R - - 2002
Hyperphagia, a classical feature of neonatal drug withdrawal, has been reported not to lead to excessive weight gain, but this is contrary to our clinical experience. The aim of this study was to determine whether infants with neonatal drug withdrawal suffered excessive weight gain because of hyperphagia and, if so, ...
Boo N Y - - 2002
A randomized controlled study was carried out on 96 preterm infants (< 37 wk) with birthweight less than 2000 g admitted to a neonatal intensive care unit. The aim was to compare the weight gain between preterm infants exposed to 12 h cyclical lighting (intensity of light: 78.4 +/- 24.7 ...
Kulmala T - - 2001
This study was conducted to provide community-based data on maternal health and predictors of newborn weight in rural Malawi. Data were obtained prospectively from a community-based cohort of 581 pregnant women who attended an antenatal clinic and delivered a term, live-born, singleton infant in Lungwena, rural Malawi. Morbidity from infectious ...
Guzmán J M - - 2001
We studied the nutritional requirements of 53 neonates with a birth-weight of 1250 g or less and analysed the parenteral and enteral nutrition provided, the weight-gain curves, the incidence of prior pathology and complications. We compared those weighing under 1000 g at birth (n=25) with those weighing 1001-1250 g (n=28). ...
Mourad M - - 2001
A total of 147 ewes, 4 rams and 188 lambs of their progeny of the Djallonké breed of sheep were used to study the factors affecting reproductive and growth traits and the causes of lamb mortality. Data on ewes were collected during a 12-month period, while those on the lambs ...
Hermanussen M M Aschauhof, Altenhof, Germany. - - 2001
To investigate the shape of the natural distribution of body weight in conscripts. Investigation of weight and weight distributions in German, Austrian and Norwegian conscripts. A total of 10 706 651 West German conscripts (30 birth cohorts born between 1938 and 1971, except for the cohorts born 1941-1944), 507 095 ...
Guerra R F. - - 2001
The effects of litter size on maternal care, body weight and infant development of golden hamsters were investigated from a longitudinal perspective. Litters were culled to 1,3,6 and 9 pups, and the behavior and body weight of mothers and pups were recorded from the 5th to the 25th postpartum day. ...
Pridham K F - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Effects on caloric intake and weight gain of an ad libitum (ad lib) feeding regimen for preterm infants may be specific to a special care nursery. OBJECTIVE: To explore across two nurseries the similarity of effect on caloric intake and weight gain of an ad lib feeding regimen compared ...
Rastogi R K. - - 2001
Data on 298 lambs from 161 ewes of the Barbados Blackbelly breed from 1982 to 1985 at the Blenheim Sheep Station in Tobago were studied to determine the influence of lambing season-year, sex and type of birth on body weights of lambs at birth, at 56 days (weaning) and 6 ...
Milligan B N. - - 2001
In domestic pigs, litter-mates often vary considerably in birth weight. To examine whether this size variation influences piglet survival, weight gain and suckling behaviour, we experimentally manipulated the number and size distribution of litter-mates in 51 litters. Litters were small (eight or nine piglets) or large (11 or 12 piglets) ...
Franke D E - - 2001
Direct and maternal additive effects and heterosis were estimated using data from straightbred Angus, Brahman, Charolais, Hereford, and four generations of rotational crosses among these breeds. Traits of interest were birth weight, Julian day of birth, average daily gain from birth to weaning, 205-d weight, and weaning weight per cow ...
Sanín L H - - 2001
INTRODUCTION: Transfer of lead from bone to the bloodstream increases during lactation. However, the effect of maternal lead burden on growth in breastfed newborns is still unknown. This study examined early postnatal growth in a cohort of healthy breastfed newborns in relation to maternal bone lead burden. METHODS: Lead levels ...
Park M J - - 2001
Leptin is involved in the regulation of body weight through a feedback signal between adipose tissue and the satiety center, to decrease food intake and increase energy expenditure. Newborn infants experience physiological weight loss during the first week of life. The leptin level may be decreased to enhance food intake ...
Tantasuparuk W - - 2001
The aim of this study was to investigate the ovulation rate and the weaning-to-service interval (WSI) of sows in relation to their body weight loss during lactation in tropical climatic conditions. Effect of lactation length (LL), number of total born piglets, number of live born piglets, litter birth weight, average ...
Lim N L - - 2001
A prospective observational study of feeding in low birth weight (LBW) infants with birth weight (BW) of at least 1.8 kg admitted to the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) showed that nearly 80% of mothers provided expressed breastmilk (EBM) and a further 14% breastfed their infants before discharge. Weight gain ...
van Beek R H - - 2001
The objective of this study was to determine whether insulin administration would prevent the well-documented catabolic effect of dexamethasone given to preterm infants with chronic lung disease. We studied leucine metabolism in 11 very-low-birth-weight infants before dexamethasone treatment and on d 2, 4, and 7 thereafter. During the first 4 ...
Alpert M A - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Morbid obesity produces a variety of ECG alterations, including leftward shifts of the P-wave, QRS, and T-wave axes; disproportionately high frequencies of low QRS voltage; left ventricular hypertrophy and left atrial abnormality; and a high frequency of T-wave flattening in the inferior and lateral leads. This study was designed ...
Chaudhury M R - - 2001
An ayurvedic contraceptive--pippaliyadi vati, containing equal parts of powdered seeds or fruit berries of Embelia ribes, fruit of Piper longum and borax powder was fed orally to two groups of pregnant rats: 2.5 times to one and five times to the other; the recommended dose for humans. The foetuses of ...
Pieltain C - - 2001
Whole body composition was investigated using dual energy x-ray absorptiometry in 54 healthy preterm infants, birth weight < 1750 g, who were fed fortified human milk (n = 20) and preterm formula (n = 34) when full enteral feeding was attained and then again 3 wk later at around the ...
Bennett G L - - 2001
Heritability of 2-yr-old heifer calving difficulty score was estimated in nine purebred and three composite populations with a total of 5,986 calving difficulty scores from 520 sires and 388 maternal grandsires. Estimates were 0.43 for direct (calf) genetic effects and 0.23 for maternal (heifer) genetic effects. The correlation between direct ...
Blin O - - 2001
Weight gain has been observed with many of the antipsychotics, including the atypical antipsychotics. The assessment of whether, and to what degree, a drug causes changes in body weight is not straightforward, since clinical studies performed during a drug development program are not designed to measure changes in body weight. ...
Fontaine K R - - 2001
Short-term studies indicate that intentional weight loss among obese persons significantly improves physiologic variables. Hence, it is logical to conjecture that intentional weight loss would lead to long-term benefits and increased longevity. Herein, we review recent epidemiologic studies that investigate the weight loss-mortality association using a conservative analytic approach that ...
McCrory M A - - 2001
For some women, postpartum retention of weight gained during pregnancy may contribute to obesity. A recent 10-week randomized intervention showed that infants of initially overweight, lactating mothers who exercised and dieted to lose an average of 0.5 kg/week grew normally. The findings of this study support the Institute of Medicine ...
Nowak Z - - 2001
Abstract. Altogether 115 animals representing 5 genetic groups: 3 purebred Booroola Merino, Corriedale and Olkuska, and 2 Booroola crossbreds were included in the studies. In total 6 alleles from 97 bp to 119 bp in microsatellite OarAE101, and 5 alleles from 162 bp to 174 bp in BM1329 were identified. ...
Bennett G L - - 2001
There is limited genetic information relating calving difficulty and body weights to other productive and reproductive traits. Such information is useful for specifying selection criteria and for predicting economic consequences of selection. Genetic, maternal, and environmental covariances of six productive and reproductive measurements with calving difficulty, birth weight, 200-d weight, ...
Kim H J - - 2001
We report the case of a female infant with failure to thrive, generalized seborrheic dermatitis, and intermittent diarrhea. Results of laboratory investigation revealed low serum immunoglobulin G IgG levels. She failed to gain additional weight and experienced recurrent infection. She died 3 months later.
Kuschel C A - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To compare the effect of two volumes of enteral feeds on postnatal growth in infants born before 30 weeks gestation. METHODOLOGY: Fifty-four infants, less than 30 weeks gestational age, who reached full enteral feeds were randomized to remain on 150 mL/kg per day (150 group) or increase to 200 ...
Moyer-Mileur L J - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: A study of daily physical activity was performed with 32 preterm infants to evaluate changes in body weight and bone mineralization. STUDY DESIGN: Subjects were matched by birth weight and gestational age and randomly assigned to the physical activity (PA; n = 16) or to the control (C; n ...
Shekhawat P S - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To study the effect of prenatal and postnatal glucocorticoids use on serum leptin and weight gain in sick preterm infants and its correlation with caloric intake. METHODS: Serum leptin was measured in 24 neonates at day 1 (cord), 14 and 28 by radioimmunoassay. Total caloric intake (enteral and parenteral) ...
Jones G - - 2000
There is an incomplete understanding of the contribution of early growth to bone accrual in childhood. The aims of this longitudinal study were to examine the association between growth variables at birth, 1 month, and 8 years and bone density in prepubertal children. Weight and length at both birth and ...
MacNeil M D - - 2000
Simultaneous selection for low birth weight and high yearling weight has been advocated to improve efficiency of beef production. Two sublines of Line 1 Hereford cattle were established by selection either for below-average birth weight and high yearling weight (YB) or for high yearling weight alone (YW). Direct effects on ...
Alan D. Henningsen
Aspects of the reproductive biology of the Southern Stingray, Dasyatis americana, were determined from five captive adult females and their offspring. Mean size and weight of the neonates were 238.0 ± 1.6 mm disc width and 505.9 ± 10.7 g, respectively. Litter size (n = 47), which ranged from two ...
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