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Results 451 - 500 of 1009
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van Dijk Christel Evellen - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: Increasing overweight and obesity are growing problems among children worldwide. Prevention requires an understanding of when excess weight gain begins and the determinants that place children at risk. The aim of our study was to illustrate how the growth curve used to assess growth influences the interpretation of weight ...
Muciño Edith - - 2009
Interest is growing among psychobiologists and behavioral ecologists in the role of sibling relations in shaping individual development and life histories. In litters of domestic rabbits Oryctolagus cuniculus the heaviest pups at birth are more likely to survive the critical first postnatal week, they compete more effectively with littermates for ...
Chen Aimin - - 2009
Maternal obesity (defined as prepregnancy body mass index [BMI] >or=30 kg/m) is associated with increased risk of neonatal death. Its association with infant death, postneonatal death, and cause-specific infant death is less well-characterized. We studied the association between maternal obesity and the risk of infant death by using 1988 US ...
Komiyama Mami - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Very low birth weight (VLBW) infants sometimes develop abdominal distension and poor weight gain. The influence of thyroid function on these symptoms in VLBW infants has not been reported. METHODS: In a retrospective study, 18 VLBW infants whose abdominal distension and poor weight gain did not improve with standard ...
Spellacy William N - - 2008
The recommended weight gain of pregnancy in women over the past years has increased from 17.6 lb in 1945 to 25-35 lb in 1990. This has been associated with larger infant birth weights, more difficult deliveries and increased obesity in children and adults, with little benefit in reducing perinatal morbidity. ...
Diamon Frank - - 2008
AIM: Rapid growth in infancy may be associated with later onset childhood obesity. The aim in this study was to evaluate the relationships of adipokines to growth of infants at 6-10 months of age and to serum insulin, glucose, and auxological parameters of infants and their mothers. METHODS: Thirty-seven healthy ...
Gonzalez Alma Patricia - - 2009
Massage has been proposed as a way of facilitating development and growth of newborns through its effects on increasing blood flow, heart rate, digestion, and immunity. Massage might increase basal metabolism and nutrient absorption through endocrine effects such as increase in insulin and adrenaline and decrease in cortisol. Preliminary studies ...
Kamanu C I - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: To determine the incidence and risk factors of macrosomia in a Nigerian centre, and to assess the relation of maternal body mass index (BMI) at birth and of the total weight gain during pregnancy to macrosomia and adverse pregnancy outcome. DESIGN: A retrospective review of fetal macrosomia over a ...
Griffiths L J LJ MRC Centre of Epidemiology for Child Health, UCL Institute of Child Health, London WC1N 1EH, UK. - - 2009
The influence of infant feeding practices on weight gain during childhood remains unresolved, with few studies adjusting appropriately for confounding factors. This study examined the effect of breastfeeding initiation, breastfeeding duration and age at introduction of solid foods on weight gain from birth to 3 years. Nationally representative prospective study. ...
Vaivre-Douret L - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Preterm newborns admitted to the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit are deprived of sensory stimulation. Tactile/kinaesthetic stimulation results in weight gain. Studies involving the cutaneous application of vegetable oils have shown improvement in somatic growth and on skin barrier function. OBJECTIVE: To assess the neurodevelopmental and biological benefits of the ...
Konetzny Gabriel - - 2009
Hypernatraemic dehydration, which predominantly appears in breastfed neonates, can cause serious complications, such as convulsions, permanent brain damage and death, if recognised late. Weight loss > or = 10% of birth weight could be an early indicator for this condition. In this prospective cohort study from October 2003 to June ...
Landete-Castillejos T - - 2009
Maternal phenotypic characteristics can influence key life history variables of their offspring through maternal effects. In this study, we examined how body size constraints on maternal weight in yearling and subadult compared to adult hinds (age class effects) affected prenatal (calf birth weight, calf to hind weight ratio) and postnatal ...
Musselman Kristin E - - 2008
Different rhythmic leg movements in vertebrates can share coordinating neural circuitry. These movements are often similar kinematically, and smooth transitions between the different movements are common. We focused on interlimb coordination of the legs in young infants to determine whether weight bearing and non-weight bearing movements might share coordinating circuitry. ...
Vignochi C M - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To study the effect of physical therapy on bone mineralization, weight gain and growth in preterm infants. METHOD: After fulfilling the inclusion criteria, preterm infants were matched for gestational age and birth weight and then randomly assigned to the physiotherapy group (PG, n=15) and control group (CG, n=14). The ...
Phuka John C - - 2008
To compare growth and incidence of malnutrition in infants receiving long-term dietary supplementation with ready-to-use fortified spread (FS) or micronutrient-fortified maize-soy flour (likuni phala [LP]). Randomized, controlled, single-blind trial. Rural Malawi. A total of 182 six-month-old infants. Participants were randomized to receive 1 year of daily supplementation with 71 g ...
Chen J L - - 2008
This study was conducted to estimate genetic parameters of meat quality-related traits by a MTDFREML procedure, using 1,069 purebred Beijing-You full-sib male chickens derived from the first 2 generations of divergent selection for the percentage of intramuscular fat (IMF) and selection for increased inosine-5'-monophosphate content (IMP) in breast meat. The ...
Campos Maribel M University of Puerto Rico School of Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, Neonatology Section. - - 2008
Small for gestational age neonates have a higher risk of growth delay. The purpose of the study is to determine if there are differences in their early weight gain patterns that persist after adjusting for confounding variables. Two-hundred sixteen neonates born between 1999 and 2003 were included. The group for ...
Scholtens Salome - - 2009
The long-chain PUFA (LCPUFA) content of an infant's diet might affect early weight gain. In early trials on supplementation of formula feeding n-3 LCPUFA affected weight gain adversely. n-6 LCPUFA are thought to promote adipose tissue development and might be associated with higher weight gain. We studied the association between ...
Viswanathan Meera - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: The RTI International-University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Evidence-based Practice Center (RTI-UNC EPC) systematically reviewed evidence on outcomes of gestational weight gain and their confounders and effect modifiers, outcomes of weight gain within or outside the 1990 Institute of Medicine (IOM) guidelines, risks and benefits of weight gain ...
Chen Li-Li - - 2008
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to assess the body weight gain of combined acupressure and meridian massage in premature infants. BACKGROUND: Each year in Taiwan, 8-10% of newborns are delivered prematurely. Effective postnatal care is essential to ensure the healthy development of premature infants. Massage therapy ...
Alvioli M - - 2008
A detailed analysis of the effect of short-range and tensor correlations on one- and two-nucleon momentum distributions of medium-weight nuclei (12<or=A<or=40) is carried out. Although our Letter is primarily aimed at understanding the role of the tensor force on nucleon momentum distributions of medium-weight nuclei, the possible relevance of our ...
Gaillard C - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: Some prediction equations of resting energy expenditure (REE) are available and can be used in clinical wards to determine energy requirements of patients. The aim of the present study was to assess the accuracy of those equations in sick elderly patients, using the Bland and Altman methods with our ...
Tsukahara Y - - 2008
The effect of parental genotype and paternal heterosis on litter size (LS), total litter birth weight (TLW) and average litter birth weight (ALW) was analysed utilizing data from a crossbreeding programme involving the exotic German Fawn goats and local Katjang goats in Malaysia. In this study, these traits were regarded ...
Bravo P W - - 2009
The present study with alpacas determined effect of dam's age on body weight and survival of cria during the first week of life. Pregnant dams (n=424) and their crias were used in the study. Cria body weight (kg) was determined at time of placenta expulsion. Placenta weight and larger width ...
Westerman R W - - 2008
BACKGROUND: To identify the energy cost of placing restrictions on weight bearing status. METHODS: Measurement of the Physiological cost index (PCI) for 11 healthy volunteers carrying out three types of mobilisation over a 100 m course in a physiology laboratory: normal walking fully weight bearing (FWB); non-weight bearing (NWB) and ...
Cozzi Francesco - - 2008
AIM: In infants with Pierre Robin syndrome (PRS), mandibular distraction may be more advantageous than glossopexy as it not only relieves oropharyngeal airway obstruction but also reverses body growth retardation. Because no data are available on body weight velocity after glossopexy, we assessed longitudinally the body weight velocity in a ...
Sloan S - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Evidence relating to the effect of early weaning on infant weight and weight gain is conflicting. The aim of this paper is to compare weight and weight gain in two groups of infants; one group weaned before 4 months (early weaned), the other weaned at 4 months or after. ...
Kwon Han-Sung - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether assessment of maternal weight gain up to mid-second trimester improves the predictive value of uterine artery Doppler velocimetry (UAD) for the prediction of fetal growth restriction (FGR). SETTING: Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Yonsei University College of Medicine. DESIGN: Prospective Doppler measurements coupled to retrospective chart ...
Spiegler Juliane - - 2008
In a cohort of 829 preterm infants (birth weight below 1500 g) we identified 13 monozygotic, 10 same-sex dizygotic, and 12 same-sex matched singleton pairs. The difference in daily weight gain within pairs was significantly lower in monozygotic twins compared with dizygotic twins or matched singleton pairs. Our data support ...
Amey Mark - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To examine the validity of the weighing of modern polyacrylate diapers to determine urine output in the extremely low birth weight infant nursed in a humidified incubator. DESIGN: Observational study with repeated measures using high-absorbency cellulose/polyacrylate diapers and a humidified incubator in a modeled clinical scenario. SETTING: A tertiary ...
Rising Russell - - 2008
Previous studies in adults have found that a lower resting metabolic rate is a predictor of future body weight gain. To determine if energy expenditures are reduced in infants born to obese mothers, 21 healthy infants (3.9 +/- 1.9 months) born to lean (n = 7, BMI < 25 kg/m2), ...
Niegel Susan - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Childhood overweight and rapid weight gain during the first months of life have been shown to be major risk factors for the development of later overweight. Studies in children show that there are temperamental risk factors for the development of overweight, but little is known about early infancy. METHODS: ...
Schlesser Heather N - - 2008
The transcription factor ets variant gene 5 (ETV5; also known as ERM) is essential for self-renewal of spermatogonial stem cells (SSCs). Mice with targeted disruption of Etv5 (Etv5(-/-)) undergo the first wave of spermatogenesis, but all SSCs are lost during this time, causing a Sertoli cell-only phenotype. This study examined ...
Malcolm William F - - 2007
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Infants with enterostomies frequently have signs of short bowel syndrome. Our goal was to assess the effect of dietary lipids on ostomy output and weight gain in infants with enterostomies. METHODS: We reviewed the medical records of 10 neonates with necrotizing enterocolitis or isolated intestinal perforations requiring temporary enterostomies. ...
Riek A - - 2007
The bodyweight (bw), thoracic circumference, length and height of 11 llamas were recorded weekly from birth for 27 weeks. Their mean (sd) birth weight was 11.60 (2.35) kg and their weight increased in curvilinear fashion reaching 61.05 (13.75) kg after 27 weeks. Their average daily gains reached the highest value ...
McCarthy Anne - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Birth weight has been shown to be positively associated with adult obesity, but relatively few studies have examined the associations with growth in specific periods of early childhood. OBJECTIVE: The objective was to assess the association of measures of growth between birth and 5 y of age with adult ...
Emond Alan M AM Centre for Child and Adolescent Health, Department of Community-Based Medicine, University of Bristol, United Kingdom. - - 2007
Our goal was to investigate the association between failure to thrive (defined as weight faltering in the first 9 months of life) and IQ levels 8 years later. Weight gain (conditional on initial weight) from birth to 8 weeks, 8 weeks to 9 months, and birth to 9 months was ...
Diego Miguel A - - 2007
AIM: To determine whether preterm infant massage leads to consistent increases in vagal activity and gastric motility and whether these increases are associated with greater weight gain. METHODS: EKG and EGG were recorded in 80 preterm infants randomly assigned to a moderate pressure massage therapy group or to a standard ...
De Silva D G Harendra - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: To assess the efficacy of a home made energy dense weaning food, containing 110-130 kcal (26-30kJ) per 100 ml on prevention of growth faltering during infancy. METHODOLOGY: Infants attending four child health welfare clinics in the Medical Officer of Health (Ragama) area were recruited at the age of 4 ...
Olsen Else M - - 2007
Failure to thrive (FTT) is the term widely used to describe poor weight gain in infancy, a condition associated with cognitive deficiency in later childhood. FTT has been investigated in earlier population studies, but little is known about risk factors for FTT or the sequence of events as this requires ...
Frederick Ihunnaya O - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: Infant birth weight is influenced by modifiable maternal pre-pregnancy behaviors and characteristics. We evaluated the relationship among pre-pregnancy body mass index (BMI), gestational weight gain, and infant birth weight, in a prospective cohort study. METHODS: Women were enrolled at < or =20 weeks gestation, completed in-person interviews and had ...
Pliner Patricia - - 2008
Although many studies have found that students gain weight during their first year at college, many others have not. Participants in the present study were classified according to their scores on the Herman/Polivy Restraint Scale and their place of residence-at home or on campus. Body weight was assessed early in ...
Lahat Sharon - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Massage therapy has been consistently shown to increase weight gain in preterm infants. The mechanism of this presumed improved metabolic efficiency is unknown. We conducted the following trial to test the hypothesis that massage therapy reduces energy expenditure in growing healthy preterm infants. Study DESIGN: A prospective, randomized, cross-over ...
Gunes T - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Lipid metabolism has an important role in fetal development during the late stage of gestation, including growth and fat accretion in utero, increasing amniotic fluid lecithin levels with maturation of pulmonary function and changes in the levels of minor phospholipids in amniotic fluid. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study ...
May Richard - - 2007
This study was designed to test predictors of infant birth weight based on categories of prepregnancy body mass index (BMI), gestational weight gain, and smoking. Data were collected retrospectively from records of 233 mother-infant pairs enrolled in the Siouxland Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) Program in Sioux City, Iowa. Prepregnancy ...
Abel Ernest L - - 2007
Heights and weights of right- and left-handed major league baseball pitchers (N=5780) were analyzed, adjusted for birth year. Right-handed pitchers were about 1.6 cm taller and 1.9 kg heavier than left-handed pitchers. The results corroborated other studies and suggest body size is related to handedness, although the average difference in ...
Cechová M - - 2007
Piétrain boars of different ryanodine receptor (RYR1) genotypes (NN, Nn and nn, three boars each) were mated with approximately 10 Czech Large White x Czech Landrace sows (genotype NN) each to produce one litter per sow. The progeny of nn boars had a significantly higher individual weaning weight (7.31 kg ...
Straberg Evelyn - - 2007
Isospora suis is a common pathogen in piggeries and one of the main causative agents of scours in suckling piglets. Besides specific treatment, optimised hygiene including chemical disinfection is considered essential in the control of isosporosis. The suitability of the cresol-based product Neopredisan 135-1(R) (NP) to inactivate oocysts in vitro ...
Casellas J - - 2007
The survivability from birth to slaughter of 1,487 Ripollesa lambs with a preslaughter overall mortality of 9.6% was studied under the proportional hazards framework, assuming a Weibull distribution for the baseline hazards function. A sire frailty model was fitted, with the common environment received by the lamb as an additional ...
Willis Elizabeth C - - 2008
This 12-month prospective longitudinal study used acoustic analysis to identify phonational gaps in the vocal range of adolescent boys undergoing voice change and to investigate the relationship between the appearance of phonational gaps, weight gain, and changes in speaking fundamental frequency (SF0). Eighteen pubescent boys were recorded producing three descending ...
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