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Wyndham C H - - 1986
Mortality rates (MRs)/100,000 for 1980 were calculated for black infants under 1 year of age for all causes of death and for the leading causes of death--gastro-enteritis, ill-defined causes, perinatal conditions, and the pneumonias--in three regions, Soweto, the 34 'selected' magisterial districts (all urban) and the rural areas in the ...
Corder C N - - 1986
Human kidneys, 24, taken at autopsy were assayed for vanadium by atomic absorption spectroscopy. Levels found were as follows: cortex, 1.31; Cortex-medulla, 1.27; and medulla, 1.97 mumoles per kg wet tissue. These values were not related to age or sex. However, kidneys in which the cause of death was related ...
Baird J K - - 1986
More than 796 Ascaris lumbricoides worms weighing 550 g were recovered at autopsy from a 2-year-old black South African girl. Most of the worms were taken from necrotic small intestine, but worms were also in the stomach, esophagus, intrahepatic and extrahepatic bile ducts, and gallbladder. The worms had caused torsion ...
Ben-Am M - - 1986
The occurrence of cross-tolerance between morphine and met-enkephalin, and between morphine and DADL (D-Ala-D-Leu-enkephalin) in causing mydriasis in mice was studied. Morphine-tolerant mice treated with met-enkephalin or DADL intracerebroventricularly (ICV) showed marked reduction of the pupillary effect of the endopioids. Maximal mydriasis in tolerant animals was only about 30% for ...
Kaneene J B - - 1985
A retrospective study was conducted to evaluate disease patterns in birds at the Detroit Zoo from 1973 through 1983. Data were derived from the zoo's medical and animal census records; the mean (+/- SD) population of birds during the study period was 469 +/- 42. Overall annual morbidity rates were ...
Kaneene J B - - 1985
A retrospective study was conducted to determine disease patterns in reptilian and amphibian populations at the Detroit Zoo from 1973 through 1983. In the reptilian population (mean +/- SD = 285.2 +/- 28), overall annual mortality rates were 1% to 40%. Mortality rates were highest in the fall months (20%) ...
Mahanta S - - 1985
Rhizopus species was isolated from 8 cases of gastric ulcer in piglets who died 2-5 days after birth. The prevalence of the condition was 0.775% of 1032 live births, and it was the cause of neonatal death in 3.65% of 219 instances. The gross and microscopic pathologies of the lesions ...
Morrison I - - 1985
An analysis of 765 consecutive stillbirths associated with 98,927 pregnancies during a 6-year interval showed significant differences for cause of death at specific weight categories. In addition, 57% of stillbirths occurred at infant weights of greater than or equal to 1500 gm. Hypoxia accounted for 43% of all stillbirths. The ...
Ahourai P - - 1985
In a study conducted to investigate the causes of the death of new born lambs due to diarrhoea 237 cases were studied. In 16 of these lambs necropsied at four to 10 days old organisms considered to be Cryptosporidia at various stages of its life-cycle were associated with the luminal ...
Serlo W - - 1985
Primary peritonitis in infancy is a rare condition. It is usually associated with a severe pathological process, such as nephrotic syndrome. When it affects previously healthy infants it causes diagnostic and therapeutic difficulties. Pneumococci, streptococci and Haemophilus influenzae are possible causative agents, other causes are rare. The clinical course of ...
Ohlsson A - - 1985
Fetal aspiration of meconium in amniotic fluid is a well-known cause of respiratory distress in newborn infants. It causes an irregular, coarse, nodular pattern on chest radiographs. Less known is that aspiration of vernix caseosa causes a similar syndrome. We present a post-mature infant in whom aspiration of vernix caseosa ...
Variend S - - 1984
Seven unexplained, protracted infant deaths with similar clinical, biochemical and laboratory characteristics are described, being similar to other groups reported previously. Although autopsy examination frequently revealed extensive tissue damage, a primary cause of death could not be elucidated. It is argued that this condition represents a protracted form of conventional ...
McOrist S - - 1984
Mortality of 2 to 5% was reported in young adult finches (Emblema, Poephila, Neochmia and Chloebia spp.) from aviaries in Victoria, Australia. Affected birds were depressed and had severe diarrhoea for 2 to 4 days before death. Lesions found on gross postmortem examination were marked distension of the duodenum by ...
Rayman G - - 1984
A 25 year old woman suffering from recurrent attacks of hypoglycaemia underwent a laparotomy for suspected insulinoma. No tumour was found, but histology showed islet cell hyperplasia and nesidioblastosis. Although these changes have been reported as a cause of hypoglycaemia in infants, they are only rarely the cause of hypoglycaemia ...
Arnon S S - - 1984
Clostridium botulinum can colonize and produce botulinal toxin in the human infant intestine, which the toxin then permeates to cause generalized flaccid paralysis, and occasionally, sudden death. This study was undertaken to test the hypothesis that toxins produced by other intestinal clostridia, e.g., C. difficile, might also cause systemic illness ...
Gough M H - - 1984
Hyperinsulinaemic hypoglycaemia in infancy may be transient or persistent. Persistent hypoglycaemia is caused by nesidioblastosis of the pancreas, a diffuse pancreatic endocrine abnormality involving all the endocrine tissue, or by an islet cell adenoma. The cause of nesidioblastosis is not known but unless controlled its hypoglycaemic effects lead to convulsions, ...
Hunt G M - - 1983
In a consecutive series of spina bifida operated unselectively at birth 62% reached the twelfth birthday and 54% could be expected to reach the nineteenth. Many of the most severely affected cases survived; if they died the cause was usually renal failure. Bronchopneumonia was the main cause of death in ...
McDowall M - - 1983
Proportional mortality ratios (PMRs) are frequently used where denominators of the population at risk are not available or are known to be seriously biased. The interpretation of proportional measures requires care and can be complicated by the fact that a PMR of a cause of interest may be affected by ...
Molander N - - 1983
Four cases of "delayed" sudden infant death are described in infants, who were found lifeless and were resuscitated, but did not regain consciousness. Circulatory failure occurred 20-48 hours later. In these cases, one could expect an accentuation of such lesions which might have caused the collapse. Among the cases there ...
Hovatta O - - 1983
The clinical and autopsy findings in all stillbirths during the years 1974-1979 at the Helsinki University Central Hospital were analysed. There were 243 stillborn infants of whom 200 died before labour. According to the autopsy findings asphyxia accounted for 38% and major malformations for 17% of the deaths, but because ...
Puxty J A - - 1983
A retrospective analysis of 332 necropsies in the over-65-year-olds and 129 necropsies in the over 85-year-olds (overall necropsy rate 35%) showed that the commonest cause of death in elderly patients admitted acutely to hospital was pneumonic illnesses. 27-31% of the necropsies revealed the presence of a potentially treatable contributory factor ...
Voigt G E - - 1983
It is often difficult to assess cases in which the circumstances strongly indicate traumatic cause of death, while the autopsy reveals no life-threatening injuries. Such cases can be divided into three groups: 1) death explained by heart disease and emotional stress and/or physical exertion; 2) deaths by suspected traumatic vagal ...
Martin-Bouyer G - - 1983
In August, 1981, paediatric hospitals in Ho Chi Minh City (formerly Saigon), Vietnam, began to report cases of a haemorrhagic syndrome in infants. The cause of this haemorrhagic phenomenon was identified as talcum powder contaminated with the anticoagulant warfarin. Analysis of talcum powders revealed warfarin in concentrations between 1.7% and ...
Gay R M - - 1983
A normal part of the oral flora, Kingella kingae has seldom been recognized as the cause of serious clinical infections. We report a case of documented septic arthritis caused by K. kingae in an otherwise healthy infant. We suggest that it may be more common than thought based on the ...
Monnens L - - 1983
Hyporeninemic hypoaldosteronism was observed in an infant at the age of 3 months. Persistent hyperkalemia, hyperchloremic acidosis and salt wasting were present. All abnormal electrolyte values were corrected by the administration of fludrocortisone. Both active and inactive renin were lowered. This infant had also an unexplained spastic quadriplegia and psychomotor ...
Arthur W B - - 1982
Standard proofs of the ergodic theorems of demography rely on theorems borrowed from positive matrix theory, tauberian theory, and the theory of time-inhomogeneous Markov matrices. These proofs are efficient and expedient, but they give little direct insight into the mechanism that causes ergodicity. This paper proposes a simple and unified ...
Chamblee R F - - 1982
This article discusses the limitations of traditional national cause of death statistics. These limitations derive from an attempt to conceptualize a multidimensional phenomenon and reduce down to a unidimensional framework. The article outlines the characteristics of a new multidimensional approach which involves the codification and tabulation of all causes (multiple ...
Edland J F - - 1982
Death from the misuse of alcohol and barbiturates is frequently encountered in most medical examiner/coroner offices. The cause of death is often quite apparent from the pathological and toxicological findings; however, the manner of death often gives the examining official some difficulty. The usual dilemma is to unravel whether the ...
Helsing K J - - 1982
Causes of death of widowed and married were compared in a nonconcurrent prospective study in Washington County, Maryland, which identified 4032 white persons aged 18 years and over who were enumerated in a 1963 nonofficial census and who became widowed between 1963 and 1974, and an equal number of married ...
Houston C S - - 1982
A woman presented with polyhydramnios when 33 weeks pregnant, and three weeks later delivered an infant with idiopathic non-immune hydrops fetalis. Ultrasonic scanning before birth showed a severely edematous infant. An abdominal radiograph revealed the classical "Buddha" position of fetal hydrops. The cause of the infant's hypoalbuminemia could not be ...
Steele P - - 1982
A survey of the weekly causes of mortality was carried out in a flock of 64,000 broiler chickens in Western Australia. Some 6.86% of the flock died or was culled in the period from day-old to slaughter and were examined post mortem. The most important cause of death, acute death ...
Peltonen R - - 1982
The child described was 1 year 1 month, and was well developed and healthy. He underwent SUD following the doctor's examination in the presence of the doctor, nurse and mother. The case terminated fatally despite adequate resuscitation. The post mortem examination did not reveal the cause of death. The authors ...
Jones C E - - 1981
A survey was carried out of all infants born in Southampton and South-west Hampshire Health District in 1975 to assess the incidence and cause of handicapping conditions at age 2-3 years. Twenty-four infants were identified with major handicap. A prenatal cause was identified in 15 cases, a perinatal cause in ...
Benjamin E - - 1981
A hepatoblastoma was found in a 36 week stillborn infant. The tumour compressed the inferior vena cava and was the cause of hydrops foetalis. There was also agenesis of the gall bladder. Amniotic fluid alpha-fetoprotein levels at 15 weeks were normal and did not indicate the presence of the tumour.
Fraser D W - - 1981
Bacteria recently recognized as nosocomial pathogens generally fall into three categories: those that grow slowly, those that are fastidious in their nutritional or atmospheric requirements and those that resemble commensals. Each characteristic has contributed to the delay in perceiving their importance. Mycobacterium chelonei and Myco. fortuitum--which grow slowly, although characterized ...
Linde H W - - 1981
The causes of death among anesthesiologists from 1930 through 1946 were determined and compared to the causes of death for contemporaneous physicians as well as anesthesiologists in later eras. Names of US white male anesthesiologists listed in the annual Directories of Anesthetists compiled by the International Anesthesia Research Society were ...
Sjögren B - - 1980
Hexavalent chromium particles are generated in the welding of stainless steel. These particles have manifested a mutagenic action in bacterial test systems and produced chromosome aberrations in cultured Chinese hamster cells. Welders who had welded stainless steel for more than 5 a during 1950--1965 were selected for this study. According ...
El-Najjar M Y - - 1980
An interdisciplinary team performed autopsies on an adult male and an infant male mummy from the American Southwest. Cause of death has not been determined for the infant. The presence of an unhealed skull fracture associated with an apparent hematoma in the adult male is suggestive of trauma as the ...
Manton K G - - 1980
In this paper we examine the effects on life expectancy of elimination of 4 major causes of death. Methodologically, we compare the results of cause elimination under assumptions of pattern of failure elimination and assumptions of underlying cause elimination in a modified multiple-decrement life table framework for the segment of ...
Wyndham C H - - 1980
The health of Whites in South Africa in 1970 was poorer than that of the population of England and Wales, judged by the higher mortality rates (MRs) for all causes of death of White South Africans, for all ages combined and for every age interval from infancy to old age. ...
Haller J O - - 1980
Sonography was used to evaluate 28 patients (age range, newborn to 16 years) with mediastinal and juxtacardiac masses and disease processes, partial or complete opacification of a hemithorax, and various juxtadiaphragmatic abnormalities. Technically adequate studies were obtained in 93% of the cases. Sonography was of greatest value in determining the ...
Manton K G - - 1980
Cause elimination life tables estimated from multiple cause of death data for four race/sex groups are presented for the U.S. population in 1969. These "multiple cause" life tables are then compared to cause elimination life tables where the mortality risk eliminated is that of the cause of death only in ...
Beguiristain J L - - 1980
Using two-month-old pigs selective epiphysiodesis of the neurocentral cartilage was performed using cancellous screws inserted to achieve effective compression. The operation was performed on eight experimental animals, on the right side, involving four or five vertebrae at the mid thoracic level. The procedure consistently caused structural scoliosis, convex on the ...
Taylor-Robinson D - - 1979
Since their original isolation from the genital tract of man, ureaplasmas, previously termed T-strain mycoplasmas, have been isolated from a variety of animal species. Under experimental conditions they have been shown to cause mastitis in cattle, goats and mice, and observations made on naturally-occurring bovine pneumonia, as well as the ...
Brewster G M - - 1979
Displacement of endocardial pacemaker leads from the initial site at the time of implantation is a major cause of unpredictable pacemaker failure. In this survey, we have made a retrospective study of the effectiveness of the attempts made by two manufacturers to design leads to reduce the frequency of this ...
Shabino C L - - 1979
A 16-month-old infant ingested an alkaline battery, 22 mm x 5 mm, which became entrapped in her esophagus. She was brought to the emergency department with a four-day history of vomiting. After tube thoracostomy, the battery was removed by esophagoscopy. However, she experienced cardiac arrest in the intensive care unit. ...
Rowlatt U - - 1979
Limb amputations, probably caused by amniotic constriction bands, were examined histologically in a 20 week human fetus to assess the degree of intrauterine healing. No acute inflammatory process, no removal of necrotic material, and no granulation tissue formation were seen at any of the amputation sites. A recent ulcer, probably ...
Kurlandsky L E - - 1979
Brodie's abscess is a form of subacute osteomyelitis which is defined by a particular constellation of clinical, radiological and pathological features. Its occurrence in infants is extremely rare. This case documents just such an occurrence. To our knowledge, the pathogen Haemophilus influenzae has not been previously recognized as a cause ...
Stroud R K - - 1979
Sixty-eight marine mammals stranded on the Oregon beaches were examined at necropsy. Gunshot was the primary cause of death in 30% of the pinnipeds examined. Bacterial infections (27%) and parasitism (27%) were also of major importance in the death and debilitation of Oregon marine mammals. Traumatic death or debilitation other ...
Waldschmidt J - - 1979
The causes for the high mortality in neonates with diaphragmatic hernia are manifold. These cases have to be classified as being in the "fatal zone" of Boix-Ochoa. Analysis of our patients showed that 27 patients belonged to this group, 15 of whom died. The causes of death were hypoplasia of ...
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