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Results 301 - 350 of 420
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Westerling R - - 1992
Mortality from potentially avoidable causes of death in Sweden 1974-85 for ages 0-64 years was analysed, based on a list published by Rutstein et al., [N Engl J Med 294: 582, 1976] of conditions that were suggested to serve as negative indicators of the quality of health care. In females ...
Czeizel A - - 1992
In Hungary, the school-age prevalences of severe visual handicaps and of profound childhood deafness have been estimated to be about 6/10(4) and 10/10(4), respectively. Most of these conditions have onset at birth or in early childhood and are aetiologically heterogeneous. Severe visual handicaps are grouped under 11 aetiological categories, their ...
Olsen G W - - 1992
A major objective of the epidemiology department of the Dow Chemical Company is to report at periodic intervals the cause-specific mortality experience of its employees. This study analyzed the cause-specific mortality experience of 4,229 male and female employees of the Louisiana Division who were employed for at least 1 year ...
Stewart C P - - 1992
A study was carried out on the cause of death of 100 lower limb amputees who had been admitted to the Dundee Limb Fitting Centre, Tayside, Scotland for prosthetic management or wheelchair training. A comprehensive database has been established in the Centre for 25 years and the database is updated ...
English A W - - 1992
The causes of perinatal mortality in farmed fallow deer in the Camden region of New South Wales were determined between 1982 and 1987. The results of 144 necropsies on fawns showed that ante-parturient and parturient deaths occurred in 33 (22.9%) of cases, with post-parturient deaths accounting for 99 (69.8%), and ...
Miller K - - 1992
An investigation was carried out into the causes of accidents to farm workers operating post-driver fencing machines. The approach included analysis of HSE accident reports plus observation of post-drivers in action followed by discussions with the operators. A number of causes of accidents were highlighted, the main ones being the ...
Boonpasat Y - - 1992
Most causes of death during the fetal period are still unknown in all birth weight groups. Intrauterine anoxia evidence by clinical data and autopsy finding is the leading known cause in infants 1,001-2,500 g and over 2,500 g. In the early neonatal period in infants 1,001-2,500 g and over 2,500 ...
Bang A T - - 1992
In the absence of medical certification of deaths in developing countries, lay reporting and verbal autopsy have emerged as useful alternative methods for collecting data on causes of death. Of these, verbal autopsy offers advantages and is widely used in field studies and child survival programmes. However, because uniform and ...
Stolwijk J A - - 1991
The sick-building syndrome (SBS) is defined as the occurrence of an excessive number of subjective complaints by the occupants of a building. These complaints include headache, irritation of the eyes, nose, and throat, lethargy, inability to concentrate, objectionable odors, and less frequently, nausea, dizziness, chest tightness, etc. These complaints will ...
Paixao M L - - 1991
Information was obtained on 952 persons who travelled from Scotland between 1973 and 1988 and who died while abroad. In the older age group cardio-vascular disease was the major cause of death whereas in the younger group traumatic deaths were commonest. Most died in the holiday resorts bordering the Mediterranean ...
Vishnevsky A G - - 1991
The epidemiological transition in the USSR is examined, with a focus on differences among the constituent republics. "Means of comparative analysis of mortality structure by causes of death are proposed and by these means the lag of [the] Soviet Union behind the U.S. and Sweden as well as some Soviet ...
Chagnon M - - 1991
This investigation was conducted to study the incidence and the causes of sow mortality in breeding herds. Data were obtained from 24 swine breeding herds with an average inventory of 3755 sows and served gilts for the total sample. Producers were involved for 12 consecutive months and agreed to submit ...
Hohn C - - 1991
"Mortality data of the Federal Republic of Germany and the GDR [German Democratic Republic] are compared by age, sex and cause of death....Within the period from 1976 to 1986 life expectancy has risen in the Federal Republic of Germany, whereas in the GDR it increased to a minor extent only, ...
Kornblum R N - - 1991
Sixteen deaths associated with the use of the Taser were examined. All involved young males who had a history of abuse of controlled substances; all but three were under the influence of cocaine, phencyclidine [phenylcyclohexylpiperidine (PCP)], or amphetamine. All were behaving in a bizarre or unusual fashion which necessitated calling ...
Lotti M - - 1991
This review discusses the facts regarding organophosphate-induced delayed polyneuropathy (OPIDP) as they are related to its pathogenesis rather than being a comprehensive review of all available data. Neuropathy target esterase (NTE) is considered to be the molecular target for OPIDP which is affected by several esterase inhibitors. Such inhibitors are ...
Faye-Petersen O M - - 1991
Bony abnormalities caused by thanatophoric dysplasia affect the base of the skull and the vertebrae as well as the ribs and appendicular long bones. We present our findings in a full-term infant with thanatophoric dysplasia in whom the posterior fossa, the rostral vertebral column, and the neuraxis at and adjoining ...
Sileo L - - 1990
As part of an investigation of the effect of plastic ingestion on seabirds in Hawaii, we necropsied the carcasses of 137 Laysan albatross (Diomedea immutabilis) chicks from Midway Atoll in the Pacific Ocean during the summer of 1987. Selected tissues were collected for microbiological, parasitological, toxicological or histopathological examinations. Dehydration ...
Dean P W - - 1990
Cartilage retention strengths of laryngoplasty prostheses were compared in larynges of 2-, 3-, and 4-year-old horses, using doubled polyester and expanded polytetrafluoroethylene prostheses. Bilateral laryngoplasties were performed on each of 15 (seven 2-year-old, two 3-year-old, and six 4-year-old) larynges, which were collected at an abbatoir. Prostheses were secured to a ...
Hoti S L - - 1990
Attempts were made to produce Lagenidium in culture media containing corn starch, barley flour, wheat flour, jaggery, rice bran, rice flour or tapioca starch as the major carbon source and groundnut cake as nitrogen source in comparison with peptone-yeast extract-glucose-sunflower oil (PYGSF) agar medium. The number of zoospores produced by ...
Lindahl B I - - 1990
In the ongoing 10th revision of the International Classification of Diseases, the WHO's rules for registering causes of death are revised. Previous studies have shown that deficiencies in the WHO's rules and basic concepts for registering causes of death impair the quality of cause-of-death statistics. The purpose of the present ...
Shimizu M - - 1990
The pancreases of 92 autopsied patients were evaluated to determine the influence of clinicopathological conditions upon the extent of postmortem autolysis. The postmortem interval was the most important factor influencing postmortem autolysis. In order to more precisely evaluate the influence of associated factors upon the extent of postmortem autolysis in ...
Singh M - - 1990
Of a total of 755 neonates who died between 1972 and 1988, 331 (43.9%) were subjected to necropsy examination. The ranking of major primary causes of neonatal death was as follows: infections 27.2%, hyaline membrane disease 20.2%, congenital malformations 19.6%, perinatal anoxia 14.5%, immaturity 5.1% and birth trauma 2.7%. Over ...
Shiels R S - - 1989
A man was charged with reckless driving in that it caused a collision in which a child of thirty-five weeks gestation, then in utero, was delivered alive but died shortly thereafter. Objections by defence lawyers that no death had been caused within the meaning of the statute were rejected and ...
Nam C B - - 1989
The extent of variability in the social, economic, and demographic characteristics of infant deaths when grouped by detailed cause is analyzed using health statistics data for Florida for the period 1980-1982. "The analysis first compares cause-of-death-specific infant, neonatal, and postneonatal mortality between each of the four cause-of-death models. Next, interest ...
Tang M Y - - 1989
The perinatal mortality rates and causes of deaths in our hospital within the three 5-year periods (1955-1959, 1976-1980, 1981-1985) were reported as well as the total number of births (16,846), deaths (457), and autopsies (393, autopsy rate 85.9%). The perinatal mortality for the three 5-year periods was 44.5%, 23.8%, and ...
Steiger G H - - 1989
We examined the mortality rates and causes of death of harbor seal (Phoca vitulina) pups in three regions of the inland waters of Washington (USA) in 1984. One hundred eight pups were collected during 239 searches of the shoreline areas near harbor seal haulout sites or through public reports. Minimum ...
van Wyk C W - - 1989
The phenomenon of postmortem pink teeth has been reported in subjects who have died suddenly and unnaturally, and whose bodies have been subsequently exposed to a wet or moist environment. Ground and EDTA-decalcified sections of teeth of 21 corpses exhibiting postmortem pink-stained teeth were investigated for the identification of the ...
Weller D M - - 1989
Table 2 provides an overview of the classifications of antiarrhythmic agents, their actions, and their uses against reentrant arrhythmias and those caused by enhanced automaticity. Table 3 reviews many of the differences between the two mechanisms of arrhythmias: enhanced automaticity and reentry. Clinical distinction will assist in the most appropriate ...
Bloor M J - - 1989
Studies of occupational status-related risk factors in specific-cause mortality assume that the proportions of disagreements concerning the diagnoses of the cause of death do not vary between different statuses. This assumption was verified by the addition of data concerning the occupation of the decreased (collected at death registration) to a ...
Puffer R R - - 1989
Finding and analyzing multiple causes of death-rather than single causes-has major epidemiologic advantages. Besides helping to reveal the magnitude of the causes or morbid conditions leading to death, it also demonstrates that deaths are usually the result of several simultaneous or sequential causes. This article reviews ways that multiple cause ...
Hühne-Osterloh G - - 1989
In most prehistoric and historic populations, mortality of small infants is very high. Causes of death are mainly discussed in analogy to the situation in modern preindustrial societies. The children are at high risk to fall ill or even die especially in times of weaning. Trace element analysis of the ...
Horácková L - - 1989
The collections of the Museum in the Department of Anatomy, Faculty of Medicine, J. E. Purkynĕ University in Brno, include a skull of about 25 to 30-year-old individual with extreme microcephaly that has been so far described rarely in the morphological literature. The skull capacity is 355 cm3, which is ...
Aburano T - - 1988
A case is presented in which uptake of Tc-99m DTPA has been demonstrated in an extramedullary plasmacytoma of the retroperitoneum. Because Ga-67 citrate does not concentrate in the same areas as Tc-99m DTPA, a radionuclide-specific uptake mechanism may be present. Extramedullary plasmacytoma should be included in the list of possible ...
Zigman S - - 1988
The low molecular weight yellow pigment in the gray squirrel lens is confirmed to be n-acetyl-3-OH-kynurenine (NAK). This conclusion is based upon the results of studies of the compound's optical, chromatographic, and mass spectroscopic properties. The original tentative identification of this compound was reported by Van Heyningen (1971, 1973). The ...
Steiner G M - - 1988
Clinical symptoms in the infant differ from those in the adult in that they are most likely to have a congenital or developmental cause. These symptoms are discussed together with the history and imaging techniques most likely to reveal their cause in the gastrointestinal tract. (The genitourinary and respiratory tracts ...
Bourne D E DE Department of Community Health, University of Cape - - 1988
The relative contribution of different causes of death in the first year of life is presented for the period 1929-1983. Infections and perinatal and respiratory causes most commonly result in infant death among coloureds, while perinatal and congenital causes are commonest among whites. Over the 54-year period studied the mortality ...
Zhang L M - - 1988
Data were analysed on maternal mortality for 1984 in 287 cities, districts, and counties in 21 provinces, municipalities, and autonomous regions of China. The total population covered was 177.55 million, and during the study period there were 2 483 269 live births and 1211 maternal deaths, corresponding to a maternal ...
Milham S S - - 1988
Conventional occupational mortality analysis, using underlying cause of death coding, underestimates the contribution of those chronic diseases which are mentioned on the death certificate but which usually do not appear as underlying cause of death. Proportionate occupational mortality analysis, using all the mentioned causes on the Washington State male death ...
Fletcher B - - 1988
Mortality statistics for more than 500 different occupations were examined for all causes of death, neoplasms, circulatory diseases, respiratory diseases, and deaths from external causes. The paper shows that a married woman's life expectancy, and her cause of death, is reliably associated with the occupational mortality risk of her husband. ...
Collins K J - - 1987
Increased morbidity and mortality from cardiovascular and respiratory disease in the elderly is strongly associated with cold winters in Britain. Though there is often impairment of thermoregulation in old people, deaths from hypothermia are proportionally small. Recent physiological investigations on the effects of cold in the elderly may help to ...
Constantopoulos S H - - 1987
Radiologic screening of 688 inhabitants of the Metsovo area in Northwest Greece revealed that 323 (46.9 percent) had pleural calcifications. The percentage of positive examinations rose with age. Calcifications were observed in all four villages of the area where a material ("luto" soil) had been extensively used for whitewashing until ...
Brown C E - - 1987
A diagnosis of eclampsia has been considered inappropriate when the onset of a convulsion is greater than 24 hours after delivery. The observations presented here provide strong support for waiving the 24-hour rule, at least when convulsions from no other apparent cause and accompanied by hypertension and proteinuria occur in ...
Friedberg J - - 1987
The formation of tracheal 'granuloma' in the tracheostomized infant, as a cause of aphonia and an obstacle to decannulation has long been recognized. Endobronchial or transtomal removal has been recommended; however, a number of these lesions were resected in conjunction with complete tracheostomy revision and found to be very much ...
Schadé B - - 1987
The general practitioner in the Netherlands is solely responsible for assigning the natural causes of a patient's death when it occurs at home and for entering it on the certificate of death B, which is then forwarded to the CSO (Central Statistics Office). The CSO however, records the cause of ...
Martin R R - - 1987
An overdose of a common over-the-counter sodium phosphate enema solution was fatal in an infant. The marked hypernatremia, acidemia, hyperphosphatemia, and hypocalcemia observed before death were also produced in a porcine model. A study using pigs showed that the enema solution was lethal if retained in doses above 20 mL/kg, ...
Dunnigan M G - - 1987
Diuretic abuse has been invoked as the cause of idiopathic oedema. In this study, eight patients with idiopathic oedema were studied. Symptoms and weight variation continued despite the proven absence of diuretics in seven of them as determined by urinary chromatograms. Idiopathic oedema cannot therefore be attributed to diuretic use ...
Downs T D - - 1987
Several studies of styrene-butadiene rubber (SBR) workers have reported excess cancers at various sites; however, little could be concluded concerning specific etiologic agents because of the multiple exposures encountered by these groups. The current study examined cause-specific mortality in a cohort of 2,586 male workers employed for at least 6 ...
Raimer S S - - 1986
Tinea faciei has been observed periodically in children, however, it is a relatively rare occurrence in infancy. We examined three infants with tinea faciei caused by Trichophyton tonsurans. Two of the patients were potassium hydroxide (KOH) negative for fungal hyphae but culture positive, while the third was both KOH and ...
Agapitos E - - 1986
The primary causes of death in 556 autopsy cases of perinatal death during the six years from 1979 through 1984 are discussed. On the basis of the clinical data and gross and microscopic findings, each case was assigned to one of the following categories of primary causes of death: a ...
Buchi K F - - 1986
We reviewed our 10-year experience with neonatal hypertension. Fifty-three cases were identified, which represented 0.7% of all neonatal tertiary care admissions. Causes were identified in 23 (43%) neonates. These included acute tubular necrosis (n = 7), renal vascular abnormalities (n = 8), renal structural abnormalities (n = 4), interstitial nephritis ...
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