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Annibale David J - - 1996
The identification of a subpopulation of infants delivered by cesarean section who have a very low risk for requiring neonatal resuscitation represents a vital step toward the allocation of health care resources associated with such deliveries. The data presented by Rothstein et al support the observation that patients delivered by ...
Funayama M - - 1996
One case of infanticide and abandonment by the natural mother is presented. The body was extensively damaged, evidently by a fox. Fortunately, since the body showed less advanced putrefaction due to cold weather, it was possible to narrow down the cause of death and to detect the drug which had ...
Pierini S V - - 1996
Among forest-dwelling Amazonian Indians and rubber tappers (seringueiros) of the Juruá valley in Acre State, north-western Brazil, snakebite is an important cause of morbidity and death. Overall, 13% of a surveyed population had been bitten during their lifetime. Seventeen per cent of Katukina Indians, but only 8% of Ashaninkas, had ...
Rooney C - - 1996
This article describes the implementation of a computerised system for coding the cause of death from death registrations in England and Wales since the beginning of 1993, and the impact this has had on national cause of death statistics. Overall the automated system has been effective and reliable at deriving ...
Ashash E - - 1996
Necropsy records and causes of mortality of ostriches up to 3 months old over a 5-year period (1989-1993) are presented. The data relate to one ostrich enterprise that comprises 10 breeding flocks, five rearing farms, and one hatchery. Causes of mortality are classified into nine major categories. The annual mortality ...
Shkolnikov V - - 1996
"Trends in Russian mortality appear all the more negative in comparison with the very favourable trends in most Western countries, especially during the last two decades. To highlight the most damaging causes, we compare Russian cause-specific mortality trends with those observed in France and England and Wales, two countries for ...
Wisuthsarewong W - - 1996
There was an outbreak of Tinea capitis at the Pak-kred Home for Mentally and Physically Handicapped Babies, Bangkok, Thailand in 1993. One hundred and thirty-eight cases were diagnosed as tinea capitis based on clinical signs and positive laboratory investigations. The results of Wood's light examination, KOH preparation and fungal culture ...
Agapitos E - - 1996
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the significance of histological examination of the placenta during routine post-mortem examination of foetal, perinatal and early neonatal deaths with particular reference to the cause of death. Three hundred (300) placentas were examinated over a period of three years (1988-1991). The clinical ...
Takagi M - - 1995
The efficacy of the insect growth regulator, pyriproxyfen, against Chironomus fusciceps was examined in the laboratory. A series of 6 concentrations (0.1-0.00001 ppm) was used. A positive relationship between mortality and concentration was observed in the pupal stage as well as in the larval stage. Pyriproxyfen caused 50 and 90% ...
Kodell R L - - 1995
The system for assigning cause of death in animal studies of carcinogenicity at the National Center for Toxicological Research (NCTR) is described. An empirical study of the NCTR's experience with its current cause-of-death assignment system based on selected representative experiments is reported. Issues investigated include the degree of confidence associated ...
Myllykangas-Luosuj?rvi R - - 1995
OBJECTIVES: To obtain information on the shortening of the life span and the causes of excess death in a population-based series of subjects with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). METHODS: The study included all 1666 subjects who had died in Finland in 1989 and were entitled under the nationwide sickness insurance scheme ...
Mackenbach J P - - 1995
The standard methodology for cause-elimination life tables assumes that the various causes of death are statistically unrelated to one another, so that the mortality risks of those who are saved from an eliminated cause equal the risks of dying from other causes which are observed for the general population. In ...
Wang H S - - 1995
PURPOSE: To describe the causes of infantile lenticulostriate vasculopathy (LSV) as demonstrated by sonography and propose the pathogenesis of these findings. METHODS: Five hundred eighty-six infants were examined via echoencephalography because of seizures, psychomotor retardation, dysmorphism, congenital malformation, microcephaly, macrocephaly, bulging of anterior fontanel, consciousness disturbance, or prematurity. We directed ...
Wilmoth J R - - 1995
"It is often observed that mortality projections are more pessimistic when disaggregated by cause of death. This article explores the generality and strength of this relationship under a variety of forecasting models. First, a simple measure of the pessimism inherent in cause-based mortality forecasts is derived. Second, it is shown ...
Rushton L - - 1994
OBJECTIVES: To examine the efficacy of routine examination of multiple causes of death occurring on death certificates in cohort studies, with an example from the oil industry. METHODS: The underlying and multiple causes were coded for all notified deaths from a cohort of 35,000 men employed at eight oil refineries ...
Edwards S A - - 1994
The 229 piglets which died on an outdoor unit during a period of eight months were examined post mortem to determine the cause of death. The majority of the deaths (72 per cent) had occurred by the time that the litter was first inspected and of these 27 per cent ...
Stephen C - - 1994
Systematic surveys of beached birds are often limited in their ability to classify the causes of death of the carcasses recovered. Two methods of determining the cause of death of seabirds encountered during surveys of beaches of southwestern Vancouver Island, British Columbia, are compared. Birds were either subjected to external ...
Curtin P D - - 1994
Military records make it possible to study the cause of death of British and French soldiers in West Africa and the Caribbean between about 1819 and 1914. These records are significant because they trace the quantitative pattern of immunity, or lack of it, among soldiers recruited in one region and ...
- - 1994
During 1980-1992, approximately two homicides occurred at work each year in Alaska; however, in 1993, homicide was the third most frequent cause of occupational fatality (n = 11), following aircraft crash (n = 23) and drowning (n = 20). This report summarizes the 10 incidents resulting in these 11 occupational ...
Halinen M O - - 1994
We investigated the incidence of fatal traffic accidents caused by sudden incapacity of the driver due to cardiac and other illnesses. The retrospective analysis was gleaned from Finnish traffic accident data files from 1984-1989, and police records of traffic accidents, from Canton de Vaud, Switzerland from 1986-1989. The annual rates ...
Weeramanthri T - - 1994
The aim of this article is to describe a classificatory framework, 'Land, body and spirit', which addresses the underlying causes of disease and which has proved useful in discussing with Northern Territory Aboriginal communities the causes and possible responses to premature adult deaths. Pie charts displaying proportional mortality ratios according ...
Lindahl B I - - 1994
The aims of the study were: (i) to identify trends in the underlying cause-of-death statistics that are due to changes in the coders' selection and coding of causes, and (ii) to identify changes in the coders' documented registration principles that can explain the observed trends in the statistics. 31 Basic ...
Kumar A - - 1994
This paper describes epidemiological features of 75 gastro-enteritis deaths that occured in 22 major hospitals of Delhi during 1990-92. Three fourth's of deaths were in under five years of age group and more than half were infants. In 84 per cent, diarrhoea was of an acute watery type. Dehydration was ...
King D L - - 1994
Teething as a disease entity has been diminished from its 19th century status as the major cause of infant mortality to its modest position today as a "waste basket" diagnosis. If past proves to be prologue, it will diminish further as more credible causes for undifferentiated fevers and other complaints ...
Pauli R M - - 1994
The Wisconsin Stillbirth Service Program has provided a mechanism for the collection and analysis of unbiased and representative information concerning stillborn infants. Generated diagnoses and diagnostic categories within the first 1,000 referrals (including 789 stillbirths) is summarized here. Among all referred stillborns, 24.5% were found to have an identifiable intrinsic ...
Levine B - - 1994
A case is presented of a 90-year-old white female who apparently died of natural causes in a nursing home. Subsequent investigation indicated that the decedent had been administered an unauthorized bolus of morphine just prior to her death. The embalmed body was exhumed, an autopsy performed, and specimens were collected ...
Loening-Baucke V - - 1994
Infants and toddlers with constipation usually have a history of infrequent, hard and painful bowel movements, often accompanied by screaming and stool-holding maneuvers. Encopresis, the intermittent and involuntary passage of formed-to-liquid feces, is common. Although constipation most often has a functional cause, the history and physical examination should rule out ...
Hermis S R - - 1994
"This paper is an attempt to construct cause-deleted life tables [for Iraq]. Certain causes of death were selected to be deleted depending on the outcomes of a sample of 20,947 death certificates which represent 1 out of each 7 registered death events.... The paper reveals that the expectation of life ...
Agapitos E - - 1994
Three hundred (300) cases of perinatal death were autopsied and the thymus was removed for histologic examination. The histologic findings were classified into five groups: a) normal-mature thymus, b) involutional changes--"Starry sky" pattern, c) involutional changes--intense lymphocytic depletion, d) hypoplasia--aplasia, e) agenesis. The perinatal deaths were classified into five groups ...
Andreev E M - - 1994
"The purpose of our paper is to present recent trends of mortality in the former USSR in terms of demographic transition theory.... Analysis of data on mortality dynamics by age and cause of death allows us to consider some features of the progress of the demographic transition.... The principal causes ...
Otterness I G - - 1993
Mobility is impaired during arthritis. In order to study the causes of the mobility impairment, we have examined hamsters with a LPS arthritis in which running is inhibited over a 4-5 day period. Parameters have been examined to determine which correlate with running impairment. Knee diameter, as well as cell ...
Oliver J H JH - - 1993
The parthenogenetic tick Amblyomma rotundatum, a Central and South American species, has become established in southern Florida. The date of introduction is unknown, but it is suspected to be either during the 1930s, when 1 of its natural hosts, the giant or marine toad, Bufo marinus, was introduced to southern ...
Chen C C - - 1993
Possibly the first case of hemolytic disease caused by anti-Dib in a Chinese infant is reported. The infant developed jaundice soon after birth; based on study, the jaundice has been diagnosed as a result of maternal anti-Dib which was most likely induced by previous pregnancies. The phenotype of the mother's ...
Burgess J A - - 1993
Whenever some form of beneficent killing--for example, voluntary euthanasia--is advocated, the proposal is greeted with a flood of slippery-slope arguments warning of the dangers of a Nazi-style slide into genocide. This paper is an attempt systematically to evaluate arguments of this kind. Although there are slippery-slope arguments that are sound ...
Chernichko L - - 1993
We extracted data from the Medical Examiner's files for all fire deaths in Alberta reported to the Medical Examiner's for the period 1985-1990. Of the 320 fire deaths, 183 (57%) were unintentional deaths from house fires. The highest house fire death rates occurred in children 0-4 years and in adults ...
Wittum T E - - 1993
Seventy-three Colorado cow/calf operations were monitored for calf mortality from birth to weaning as part of their participation in the National Animal Health Monitoring System. Producer-observed causes of calf mortality, and the costs associated with these deaths were obtained. The overall calf mortality during the study was 4.5%, with a ...
Krishnamoorthy S - - 1993
"In a recent paper, Pollard (1991) has demonstrated that under the Gompertz law of mortality quick accurate or approximate answers can be obtained to many queries on survival. Some of Pollard's formulae can also be developed in the context of multiple decrement life tables so as to arrive at simple ...
- - 1993
Methemoglobinemia among infants is a rare and potentially fatal condition caused by genetic enzyme deficiencies, metabolic acidosis, and exposure to certain drugs and chemicals. The most widely recognized environmental cause of this problem is ingestion of nitrate-containing water. Ingestion of copper causes abdominal discomfort, nausea, diarrhea, and in cases of ...
Gosling P J - - 1993
Aeromonas sp., grown in tryptone soya broth supplemented with yeast extract, 0.6%, pH 7.5, and incubated with agitation at 100 oscillations/min for 15 h at 37 degrees C produced optimal amounts of beta-haemolysin and cytotonic enterotoxin. More prolonged incubation resulted in the loss of enterotoxic activity and anion exchange chromatographic ...
Mandell G A - - 1993
Nineteen infants aged 2 months to 2.5 years, first seen predominantly with stridor, were noted to have intermittent soft-tissue mass effect in the upper airway during routine evaluation with fluoroscopic or radiographic methods. The cervicothoracic trachea was always buckled posteriorly and, in almost all instances, to the right during forced ...
Ohshima T - - 1992
Hemoglobin analysis by CO-oximeter is more easily and rapidly available method than other spectrophotometric or GC methods. In the present study, the possibility of diagnosis of asphyxia by CO-oximeter was examined experimentally using rabbits. When measured value of oxyhemoglobin (O2Hb) was lower than about 20% and that of deoxyhemoglobin (HHb) ...
Sørensen S A - - 1992
Causes of death were examined from death certificates for 395 Danish subjects with Huntington's disease (HD) and for 282 unaffected sibs and compared with the causes of death in the general Danish population. For both the HD subjects and the sibs, pneumonia and cardiovascular diseases were the most frequent primary ...
Westerling R - - 1992
Mortality from potentially avoidable causes of death in Sweden 1974-85 for ages 0-64 years was analysed, based on a list published by Rutstein et al., [N Engl J Med 294: 582, 1976] of conditions that were suggested to serve as negative indicators of the quality of health care. In females ...
Czeizel A - - 1992
In Hungary, the school-age prevalences of severe visual handicaps and of profound childhood deafness have been estimated to be about 6/10(4) and 10/10(4), respectively. Most of these conditions have onset at birth or in early childhood and are aetiologically heterogeneous. Severe visual handicaps are grouped under 11 aetiological categories, their ...
Olsen G W - - 1992
A major objective of the epidemiology department of the Dow Chemical Company is to report at periodic intervals the cause-specific mortality experience of its employees. This study analyzed the cause-specific mortality experience of 4,229 male and female employees of the Louisiana Division who were employed for at least 1 year ...
Stewart C P - - 1992
A study was carried out on the cause of death of 100 lower limb amputees who had been admitted to the Dundee Limb Fitting Centre, Tayside, Scotland for prosthetic management or wheelchair training. A comprehensive database has been established in the Centre for 25 years and the database is updated ...
English A W - - 1992
The causes of perinatal mortality in farmed fallow deer in the Camden region of New South Wales were determined between 1982 and 1987. The results of 144 necropsies on fawns showed that ante-parturient and parturient deaths occurred in 33 (22.9%) of cases, with post-parturient deaths accounting for 99 (69.8%), and ...
Miller K - - 1992
An investigation was carried out into the causes of accidents to farm workers operating post-driver fencing machines. The approach included analysis of HSE accident reports plus observation of post-drivers in action followed by discussions with the operators. A number of causes of accidents were highlighted, the main ones being the ...
Boonpasat Y - - 1992
Most causes of death during the fetal period are still unknown in all birth weight groups. Intrauterine anoxia evidence by clinical data and autopsy finding is the leading known cause in infants 1,001-2,500 g and over 2,500 g. In the early neonatal period in infants 1,001-2,500 g and over 2,500 ...
Bang A T - - 1992
In the absence of medical certification of deaths in developing countries, lay reporting and verbal autopsy have emerged as useful alternative methods for collecting data on causes of death. Of these, verbal autopsy offers advantages and is widely used in field studies and child survival programmes. However, because uniform and ...
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