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Results 201 - 250 of 412
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Kerr G R - - 2001
Predictors of infant mortality are usually based on the underlying causes reported on infant death certificates. Death certificates also contain space for "Other significant conditions contributing to the death but not resulting in the underlying cause." We investigated whether these "contributing conditions" might clarify the predictors of infant death in ...
Chong H T - - 2001
Nipah virus, a newly identified paramyxovirus caused a severe outbreak of encephalitis in Malaysia with high fatalities. We report an open-label trial of ribavirin in 140 patients, with 54 patients who were managed prior to the availability of ribavirin or refused treatment as control. There were 45 deaths (32%) in ...
Jori F - - 2001
The causes of morbidity and mortality in a population of cane rats (Thryonomys swinderianus) on an experimental farm in Gabon were monitored for 21 months; 94 of 546 animals (17.2 per cent) died and were examined postmortem, and complementary laboratory examinations were carried out on 23 of the cases together ...
Segura-Puertas L - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Seabather's eruption (SBE) is a highly pruritic dermatosis affecting swimmers and divers in marine waters off Florida, in the Gulf of Mexico, and the Caribbean Sea. Its cause has been attributed to various organisms but recently to the larvae of the schyphomedusa, Linuche unguiculata. OBJECTIVE: We attempted to determine ...
Rutty G N - - 2001
AIMS: To determine whether the cause of death could be accurately predicted without the need for a necropsy, and thus to consider whether a "view and grant" system of issuing a cause of death could be introduced into England and Wales. METHOD: A one year prospective necropsy study was performed ...
Berlin R J - - 2001
A 1-month-old infant with Peters anomaly had recurrent episodes of unresponsiveness, hypotension, hypotonia, hypothermia, and bradycardia. An extensive medical evaluation determined these episodes to be caused by brimonidine, an anti-glaucoma agent. There is the potential for serious toxic effects from the systemic absorption of topically applied ophthalmic agents in children.
Knobeloch L - - 2001
Methemoglobinemia is a serious medical condition that affects hundreds of infants in the United States each year. The condition involves the oxidation of red cell hemoglobin to a state that is unable to transport oxygen. Affected infants appear cyanotic and may have altered mental status. The condition is readily reversible ...
Maxeiner H - - 2001
The discussion concerning the causes of infantile subdural bleedings (SDB) has become quite controversial in recent years. The interpretation that most of these cases are the result of abuse, especially by the shaken baby syndrome (SBS), was doubted, and the role of accidental events was emphasized. Because of the lack ...
Magee J F - - 2001
The pathologic investigation of stillbirth is often frustrating, and may be viewed as unrewarding, because the reason for death of the infant frequently is not identifiable. This outline attempts to identify an approach to the examination of the stillborn and accompanying placenta, with appropriate use of ancillary studies that may ...
Kashiwagi M - - 2000
A 12-year-old boy died in a storage room and his mother was rescued from the same storage room, where many apples were being stored. The atmosphere in the room was strictly controlled and the concentration of oxygen (O2) was recorded. The cause of death was suffocation. According to the records, ...
Bendz B - - 2000
The risk of venous thrombosis is thought to be increased by flying. In a study of 20 healthy male volunteers who were suddenly exposed to a hypobaric environment similar to that encountered within aeroplane cabins, markers of activated coagulation transiently Increased by two-fold to eight-fold. We suggest that hypobaric hypoxia, ...
Thomas T K - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Between 1990 and 1998, aviation accidents in Alaska caused 100 occupational pilot deaths (equivalent to 430/100,000 pilots/ year, approximately 86 times the overall U.S. worker fatality rate). Although Alaskan geography and climate increase aviation risks, many accidents were attributed to pilot error. While most accidents occurred during takeoff/landing, most ...
van Neer P A - - 2000
Vulvovaginitis is the most common gynecologic problem in premenarcheal girls. We describe 3 patients with recurrent vulvovaginitis caused by bacterial infection who responded to treatment of constipation with resolution of the vulvovaginitis. There were no recurrences during the follow-up period of 15 to 36 months. We propose that underlying constipation ...
Hunt R - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To examine the precision of the perinatal death certificate (PDC) and ascertain the possible sources of error in the certification of neonatal deaths. METHODS: The 'Main' and 'Other' causes of death recorded on the PDC were obtained from the Registry of Births, Deaths and Marriages and compared with those ...
Takei R - - 2000
We present a case of polymyositis (PM) following intrauterine fetal death. The first presentation of PM in the patient was during postpartum. The patient was referred to our hospital because of a fever of unknown cause 13 d after delivery of dead fetus at 32 weeks' gestation. PM was diagnosed ...
Pennycott T W - - 2000
The causes of the deaths or culling of 155 adult pheasants in breeding pens on one site between 1995 and 1997 were investigated. Approximately half the deaths were the result of problems associated with the reproductive tract or trauma, including injuries acquired during fighting or mating. Sinusitis was the commonest ...
Acton A E - - 2000
Through the Red Wolf Species Survival Plan, the captive red wolf (Canis rufus) population was developed with the intent of reestablishing wild populations. One part of the plan was a survey for diseases that might occur as a result of population homogeneity or that might impede breeding success and reintroduction. ...
Huang Y C - - 2000
OBJECTIVES: Candidaemia caused by Candida parapsilosis (CP) is being increasingly reported among infants in neonatal intensive care units (NICU). To assess relative severity, clinical manifestations of candidaemia caused by C. albicans (CA) and CP in a NICU were compared. METHODS: Between January 1994 and July 1997, episodes of candidaemia occurring ...
O'Halloran R L - - 2000
Determining the cause of death when a restrained person suddenly dies is a problem for death investigators. Twenty-one cases of death during prone restraint are reported as examples of the common elements and range of variation in these apparently asphyxial events. A reasonable diagnosis of restraint asphyxia can usually be ...
Real J - - 2000
During 1980-97, trichomoniasis was detected in nestlings of Bonelli's eagle Hieraaetus fasciatus in Catalonia (Spain). In 1993 Trichomonas gallinae was isolated in 36% of nestlings (n = 39) and affected 41% of broods (n = 22). Overall, trichomoniasis was one of the most important single nestling mortality factor, accounting for ...
Yamauchi A - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: To devise preventive measures for stillbirths, which account for more than 70% of perinatal deaths in Japan. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of 77 women with singleton pregnancies who gave birth to stillborn infants at > or = 30 weeks between 1979 and 1996 at our hospital. ...
Quigley M A - - 1999
BACKGROUND: The verbal autopsy (VA) is used to collect information on cause-specific mortality from bereaved relatives. A cause of death may be assigned by physician review of the questionnaires, or by an algorithm. We compared the diagnostic accuracy of physician review, an expert algorithm, and data-derived algorithms. METHODS: Data were ...
Colditz P B - - 1999
Anetoderma in premature infants is an uncommon lesion that may be associated with the use of various types of monitoring leads. In 2 infants multiple papules of anetoderma occurred on the forehead in association with the use of gel electrocardiographic electrodes. It is postulated that the cause of these papules ...
Cork S C - - 1999
Necropsy findings from natural deaths in free living and captive stitchbirds (Notiomystis cincta) were examined over a 3 yr period (November 1991-94) to establish whether disease was an important factor in translocation failures and captive breeding programs undertaken by the New Zealand Department of Conservation. Fresh and fixed material from ...
Doyle L W - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: To contrast the mortality rates and changes in the causes of death of very preterm infants (23-27 weeks), before and after the introduction of exogenous surfactant in 1991, and to identify any preventable causes of death remaining in the 1990s. METHODOLOGY: This was a cohort study on consecutive preterm ...
Wilkins K - - 1999
This study analyzes multiple-cause-of-death information from over 113,000 death certificates of Canadians aged 65+ and identifies causes that are significantly likely and significantly unlikely to combine with dementia to cause death. For dementia as a mentioned cause and as the underlying cause of death, frequencies and rates of death were ...
Newhouse M T - - 1999
Persistent minor hemoptysis resulted from extensive granulation tissue on the main carina and adjacent bronchi due to frequent spraying of metered-dose inhaler (MDI)-generated aerosol medications directly into a permanent tracheostomy. Salbutamol, containing oleic acid, was considered the most likely cause. After an AeroChamber equipped with an infant mask was interposed ...
Dalton V - - 1999
Author discusses the role of the Australian Institute of Criminology in monitoring deaths in people in custody in Australian prisons on a national basis. She provides an overview of deaths in prison custody between 1980 and 1998, noting a shift in the cause of death of Indigenous prisoners from natural ...
Chandramohan D - - 1998
This report presents data from a study carried out in three African countries to assess the validity of verbal autopsies--based on information about symptoms and signs observed antemortem by relatives or associates of deceased individuals--for determining the causes of institutional maternal death. The validity of the verbal autopsy was assessed ...
Bulstrode N W - - 1998
Bleeding from the gastrointestinal tract is uncommon in the first few hours of life. On rare occasions swallowed maternal blood mimics gastrointestinal haemorrhage and causes concern in an otherwise healthy infant. We present a case and discuss how we arrived at the diagnosis, through a careful history and the use ...
Gold B - - 1998
The United States Transuranium and Uranium Registries (USTUR) is a unique postmortem research study of the biokinetics, dosimetry, and possible biological effects of actinide elements in persons with occupational exposure to these radioelements. Evaluation of the causes of death in the admittedly biased self-selected cohort of the first 260 deceased ...
Boddie R L - - 1998
Three postmilking teat dips were tested for efficacy against Staphylococcus aureus and Streptococcus agalactiae in two separate studies using experimental challenge procedures that were recommended by the National Mastitis Council. The first study evaluated a barrier teat dip product containing chlorous acid-chlorine dioxide as the germicidal agent, and the second ...
Cil E - - 1998
We report two cases of hemopericardium occurring in seven-month-old and 12-year-old boys, who had no history of major trauma. The possible cause of the hemopericardium for the infant was falling from a bed which was 75 cm high two weeks prior to the admission. The 12-year-old boy had fallen from ...
Soares K V - - 1998
This paper aims to describe the principal causes of violent deaths among young people in the city of São Paulo, Brazil. Data from routine mortality statistics were used in the analysis. Young males were found to have a dramatically increased risk of death from violent causes especially those resident in ...
Nielen A L - - 1998
This paper presents puppy mortality and postmortem findings for a birth cohort of boxer puppies born in the Netherlands between January 1994 and March 1995. In all, 457 litters were registered, of which 414 (90.6 per cent) were involved in the study. The 414 litters contained 2629 puppies, a mean ...
Rodríguez J L - - 1998
This paper studies the pathological and immunohistochemical findings in 12 kids experimentally infected with Mycoplasma capricolum subsp. capricolum (Mcc), M. mycoides subsp. capri (Mmc) and M. mycoides subsp. mycoides (large colony type), (MmmLC). For the demonstration of Mcc, Mmc and MmmLC antigens an immunoperoxidase technique based on the labelled streptavidin ...
Caplehorn J R - - 1998
A study was undertaken to estimate the frequency of iatrogenic methadone toxicity in the first 2 weeks of maintenance treatment in NSW. Cases were identified from a list of all 1994 methadone-associated deaths using data on methadone patients held by the NSW and Queensland Health Departments. The likely causes of ...
Yang Y H - - 1998
Hydrops fetalis is a morbid condition caused by a wide variety of diseases. Although treatment for some underlying pathologies is becoming available, the prognosis remains poor. To analyze the etiology and outcome of hydrops fetalis, we reviewed the records of 79 fetuses encountered at the National Taiwan University Hospital between ...
Parini R - - 1997
Molybdenum cofactor deficiency is an autosomal recessive disorder characterized by lack of activity of the enzymes sulfite oxidase, aldehyde oxidase, and xanthine dehydrogenase or oxidase. The clinical manifestations are indistinguishable from those of isolated sulfite oxidase deficiency: craniofacial alterations, intractable neonatal convulsions, very severe mental retardation, lens dislocation, and death ...
Selik R M - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: To compare premature mortality due to HIV infection with that from other causes of death in the United States, so as to provide a basis for allocating public health resources among causes of death that would be more useful than either total or age-specific mortality data. METHODS: Using death ...
Suomalainen H - - 1997
The benefit of breast feeding to prevent or delay the development of food allergy in infants is somewhat controversial. Although prolonged breast feeding has widely been recommended for infants at high risk of allergy, studies concerning the composition of human milk in atopic mothers are scarce. Human breast milk is ...
Christensen J - - 1997
The validity of producer-recorded preweaning mortality causes was evaluated in 31 Danish sow herds. For 1206 piglets producer-recorded preweaning mortality cause was compared with post-mortem diagnosis. The predominant preweaning mortality causes at post-mortem were injury (trauma, lain on, and savaged), miscellaneous (unknown, starvation, illthrift, euthanasia, and low viability), and diarrhoea, ...
Alberman E - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: To produce a classification of stillbirths registered in England and Wales compatible with a previously described classification for neonatal deaths; to compare national data for intrapartum stillbirths with those for the remaining stillbirths; and to report on stillbirths with a gestational age of 24 to 27 completed weeks first ...
Frost K - - 1997
OBJECTIVES: This study quantifies the representativeness with which the print news media depict mortality. METHODS: The proportion of mortality-related copy in samples of national print media was compared with the proportion of actual deaths attributable to the leading causes of US mortality over a 1-year period. RESULTS: For every tested ...
Hanzlick R - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: To develop principles and refined definitions designed to improve the content of cause-of-death statements regarding inclusion or exclusion of so-called mechanisms of death. DATA SOURCES: Survey of readily available instruction manuals and other literature regarding mechanisms of death and instructions for death certificate completion. DATA SYNTHESIS: Definitions and principles ...
Jansson B - - 1997
In 1981, the registration routines of the Swedish cause-of-death register were adjusted. The aim of this study was to assess what influence these changes in registration practice might have had on the cause-of-death trends after 1981. The Eighth Revision of the International Classification of Diseases (ICD-8) was used throughout the ...
Colaco P - - 1997
Puberty occurring before the age of 8 years in girls and 9 years in boys in considered precocious. The numerous causes of precocity can be classified as central or peripheral. Central or true precocious puberty (CPP) is due to premature activation of the hypothalamopituitary-gonadal axis and is isosexual. Peripheral or ...
Mobley C C - - 1996
Verbal autopsy uses a caretaker interview to determine the cause of death. We conducted a study of the major causes of child death in Namibia to determine the validity of this method. A questionnaire, including signs and symptoms of the diagnoses of interest was administered to the caretaker in 135 ...
Hanzlick R - - 1996
A cause-of-death statement may result in a query by the vital records registrar to clarify cause of death information or to educate the certifier of death in recommended death certification procedures. The level of querying depends on local need and resources, and is usually conducted at one of six query ...
Moore G W - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: To demonstrate that cause-of-death statements can be generated by a computer algorithm from an autopsy database composed of diagnostic terms. DATA SOURCES: Over 49 000 autopsy facesheets contributed by over a dozen institutions were collected from a publicly accessible Internet autopsy database. This database is available at the following ...
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