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Schulpen Tom W J - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Infant mortality of ethnic minorities in The Netherlands (10% of the population) is twice as high as in the indigenous Dutch population. Causes of death are different for the diverse migrant groups. METHODS: Hospital records of nearly 600 infants who died in the four major cities between 1995 and ...
Kirk R K - - 2005
Given the increase in sow mortality in Danish pig herds over the last 10 years, we have investigated the causes of spontaneous death and killing of sows, especially those due to locomotive disorders. A total of 265 culled sows (93 spontaneously dead sows and 172 killed sows) from 10 different ...
Marinetti Laureen - - 2005
The Montgomery County Coroner's Office has encountered a series of 10 infant deaths over an 8-month period in infants under 12 months old with toxicology findings that include a variety of drugs commonly found in over-the-counter (OTC) cold medications. The drugs detected were ephedrine, pseudoephedrine, dextromethorphan, diphenhydramine, chlorpheniramine, brompheniramine, ethanol, ...
Sreeram N - - 2005
The role of balloon dilation for native coarctation in neonates is controversial, due to the relatively high recurrence rate. Balloon dilation may however provide adequate palliation in preterm infants, by relieving symptoms and allowing somatic growth until definitive surgical repair can be performed. We report successful balloon angioplasty, on 2 ...
Kintner Anna H - - 2005
The North Queensland chirodropid box jellyfish Chironex fleckeri and Chiropsalmus sp. share similar nematocyst composition and the same prey of Acetes australis shrimps in their early medusa stages; however, as C. fleckeri individuals reach larger size, the animals add fish to their diet and their complement of nematocyst types changes, ...
Walden Vivien Margaret - - 2005
Diarrhoea is one of the five major causes of death in an emergency setting and one of the three main causes of death in children (Curtis and Cairncross, 2003). In June 2004, an outbreak of shigellosis was confirmed in Abou Shouk camp in the Northern Darfur province of Sudan. As ...
Duc Le H le - - 2005
A commercial product for infants containing cereal mixed with dried infant formula was diagnosed as producing rapid projectile vomiting in two infants. Analysis of multiple samples of the cereal product revealed significant contamination with two spore-forming species, Bacillus subtilis and a strain of Bacillus cereus. The latter is the most ...
Freeman James V - - 2005
Verbal autopsy (VA) is used to ascertain cause-specific neonatal mortality using parental/familial recall. We sought to compare agreement between causes of death obtained from the VA by physician review vs. computer-based algorithms. Data were drawn from a cluster-randomised trial involving 4130 live-born infants and 167 neonatal deaths in the rural ...
Guzzetti Fausto - - 2005
We have compiled a database of floods and landslides that occurred in Italy between AD 1279 and 2002 and caused deaths, missing persons, injuries, and homelessness. Analysis of the database indicates that more than 50,593 people died, went missing, or were injured in 2580 flood and landslide events. Harmful events ...
Seleye-Fubara D - - 2005
BACKGROUND: The objective of this paper is to highlight the complications associated with succenturiate placenta in pregnant women. METHODS: A case report of succenturiate placenta. Thorough examination of the placenta grossly and histologically as well as autopsy of the fetus following standard procedure to confirm the gestational age and to ...
Mallamaci Francesca - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular risk stratification is important in the clinical management of patients with end-stage renal diseases (ESRD) and biomarkers are increasingly used in these patients. METHODS: In a cohort of 246 dialysis patients without heart failure at baseline we tested the combined prognostic power of three well-established biomarkers: brain natriuretic ...
Weibel Lisa - - 2005
Neonatal sialadenitis of the submandibular gland caused by Staphylococcus aureus is described in 2 full term newborns without any risk factors. Fifteen other newborns with isolated submandibular sialadenitis have been reported in the English language literature. Sialadenitis was caused by S. aureus in 87% and occurred primarily in premature gavage-fed ...
Zhu Bao-Li - - 2005
Serum endotoxin is a clinical marker of sepsis. However, it is vulnerable to bacterial contamination, and the postmortem stability has not been established. In the present study, to evaluate the forensic pathological significance of postmortem endotoxemia in relation to the causes of death, we investigated a series of 111 autopsy ...
Ely Susan F - - 2005
Pulmonary thromboembolism (PE) is found commonly in forensic pathology practice, as it typically causes sudden death. It is attributed to a wide variety of predominantly acquired etiologies. Although likely etiologically multifactorial, some common proximate causes include: surgery, pregnancy, injury, inactivity of any cause, cancer, obesity, or serum hyperviscosity. On occasion, ...
Zurasky J A - - 2005
The authors reviewed the charts of 1,421 patients with cerebral hemorrhage to determine the cause of death. Limitation or withdrawal of life-sustaining interventions was the most common cause of death (68%) followed by brain death (28%). Neurologic reasons were the most common cause of delayed decisions to withdraw or limit ...
Cousineau Allison - - 2005
The initial emergency department (ED) evaluation of infants with an apparent life-threatening event (ALTE) often fails to identify a definitive cause for the event. Many children that present with an ALTE appear normal by the time they arrive to the ED. These factors can desensitize clinicians into prematurely discounting serious ...
Wall Melanie M - - 2005
There is analytical potential for multiple cause of death data collected from death certificates. This study examines relationships of multiple causes of death as a function of factors available on the death certificate (demographics of decedent, place of death, type of certifier, disposal method, whether an autopsy was performed, and ...
Kirshner Lewis A - - 2005
The concept of the objet petit a is central to Lacan's theory of desire, which arguably represents his major contribution to psychoanalysis. It is an expression of the lack inherent in human beings, whose incompleteness and early helplessness produce a quest for fulfillment beyond the satisfaction of biological needs. The ...
Claes J - - 2005
Stridor is the sound caused by abnormal air passage into the lungs and can exist in different degrees and be caused by obstruction located anywhere in the extra-thoracic (nose, pharynx, larynx, trachea) or intra-thoracic airway (tracheobronchial tree). Stridor may be congenital or acquired, acute, intermittent or chronic. Laryngotracheal inflammation (croup) ...
Naess Oyvind - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: A study was undertaken to examine the relative ability of occupational class, education, household income, and housing conditions to discriminate all cause and cause-specific mortality-risk in Oslo, and to see if this relative ability is consistent across the 12 most common causes of death. DESIGN AND SETTING: Census records ...
Plouffe Joseph F JF - - 2004
Pneumonia caused by Streptococcus pneumoniae is the most deadly form of community-acquired pneumonia. The death rate of bacteremic pneumococcal pneumonia has remained constant over the past 50 years. Several retrospective reviews of bacteremic pneumococcal pneumonia suggest that dual therapy with a beta-lactam and a macrolide antimicrobial agent is associated with ...
Jani C B - - 2004
After death a body may be mutilated in various ways. Animal scavenging is one of the causes. This scavenging creates difficulties with the interpretation of various medico-legal questions such as identity of the victim and cause of death and, as a consequence, criminal charges against the perpetrator cannot be framed ...
Novoseltsev V N - - 2004
This paper is the second one in a series of two papers hypothesizing and testing systemic grounds of reproductive life history in the female fruit fly. In the first paper, we analyzed mechanisms of individual fecundity scheduling and have drawn the following conclusions. Individual fecundity in female flies is endowed ...
Kumar Vineet - - 2004
Aspergillosis is a common disease of the silkworm Bombyx mori Linn., caused by an insect mycopathogen Aspergillus flavus Link:Fries. The present study reveals the germination, penetration and conidial development of A. flavus on the larval integument of B. mori under SEM. Four different strains (NB18, KA, NB4D2 and NB7) of ...
Mohamed Noha Saleh - - 2004
The aim of this study is to analyze under five mortality in Alexandria using GIS. A retrospective study is conducted to collect recorded data about under-5 deaths and live births from 1996 to 2001 from Health Information Center and CAPMAS in Alexandria. Data used include sociodemographic and environmental conditions in ...
Tossavainen Antti - - 2004
In Western Europe, Scandinavia, North America, and Australia the manufacture and use of asbestos products peaked in the 1970s. Current incidences of mesothelioma range from 14 to 35 cases/million/year in 11 industrialized countries that had used asbestos 2.0 to 5.5 kg/capita/year about 25 years earlier. A significant linear correlation (r ...
Fisher Jay D - - 2004
Viral laryngotracheobronchitis is a ubiquitous infectious process that has not caused significant mortality in the past 20 years. Bacterial tracheitis and pneumonia can complicate viral laryngotracheobronchitis and markedly increase the risk of bad outcome. Even uncomplicated, properly managed, viral laryngotracheobronchitis can occasionally result in death, particularly in the infant age ...
Green Laura C - - 2003
U.S. regulations that set standards for acceptable concentrations of respirable particulate matter (PM) in outdoor air, particularly total fine particulate matter (PM(2.5)), are based largely on the belief that current concentrations cause death and illness, and that reducing these concentrations will save lives. Because the mortality risk estimates from important ...
Almond S L - - 2003
Pseudoainhum is a term used to describe the presence of constricting bands of the extremities due to a variety of underlying causes. Progression of the lesions can cause irreversible damage and autoamputation of the affected digit. This report documents a rare association of pseudoainhum and psoriasis and emphasizes the importance ...
Wolpert Lewis - - 2003
The primary function of the brain is to control movement. Human interactions with the environment, unlike those of other primates, are based on a belief in cause and effect, and this led to technology. Experiments requiring simple manipulations of the environment show that chimpanzees do not have concepts of causes ...
Fabié F - - 2003
The authors report a case of meniscus at the elbow joint in a 15-month-old infant causing a limitation of elbow extension. Histological examination demonstrated that this tissue was not a synovial fold or a chondroid metaplasia of the synovial fold. As a meniscus does not appear at any stage of ...
Olsen S J - - 2003
Although the incidence of typhoid fever in the United States has been low since the 1940s, Salmonella Typhi continues to cause outbreaks. We reviewed reported outbreaks of typhoid fever from 1960 to 1999. There were 60 outbreaks; in 54, exposure occurred within the United States. These 54 outbreaks accounted for ...
Hauer Karen E - - 2003
Syncope has many causes. Although the most common ones are generally benign and do not require extensive evaluation, cardiac syncope has high rates of recurrence and death. In this article, Dr Hauer describes how physical examination and electrocardiographic findings can guide further evaluation to provide the largest diagnostic yield at ...
Mehta Sk - - 2003
Pharmacological closure by indomethacin is customary if symptoms of PDA are not controlled adequately with fluid restriction and diuretics. Its use, however, requires a comprehensive clinical assessment of all the vital perinatal factors and a vigilant monitoring of the sick infant. Prophylactic use of indomethacin is discouraged. The decision to ...
Odén Anders - - 2002
To study how mortality varies with different degrees of anticoagulation reflected by the international normalised ratio (INR). Record linkage analysis with death hazard estimated as a continuous function of INR. 46 anticoagulation clinics in Sweden with computerised medical records. Records for 42 451 patients, 3533 deaths, and 1.25 million INR ...
Robertson William C WC - - 2002
The occurrence of hypocalcemia in a term infant after the first few days of life is known to result from excessive dietary phosphate, hypomagnesemia, neonatal hypoparathyroidism, hypovitaminosis D, and maternal hyperparathyroidism. Less well recognized is the possibility that maternal ingestion of antacids may cause late neonatal hypocalcemia. Our observations suggest ...
Malashichev Yegor B - - 2002
Morphological and behavioural asymmetries in amphibians are reviewed. Among the characteristics considered are: (1) the asymmetry of the shoulder girdle (epicoracoid overlap); (2) the distribution of the left and right variants of its structure in amphibian populations; (3) asymmetry in the position of the spiracle(s); (4) asymmetric order of forelimb ...
Barnett J M - - 2002
A forty year old cannabis bodypacker was found dead in his flat in November 2000, two days after arriving back from a trip to Northern India. On his return he had complained to his family of feeling unwell, although he had refused to let them in or accept medical help. ...
Arroliga Alejandro C - - 2002
STUDY OBJECTIVES: To assess the incidence of the ARDS in a well-defined adult population. DESIGN: Kaiser Permanente of northeast Ohio, a health maintenance organization, uses the Cleveland Clinic Foundation as its only tertiary care center. In an ongoing prospective assessment in the Cleveland Clinic ICUs, we identified adult Kaiser Permanente ...
Schoeb Trenton R - - 2002
From December, 1997, through November, 2000, 306 deaths were documented among adult and subadult American alligators (Alligator mississippiensis) of Lake Griffin, Florida (USA). Some live alligators were lethargic and unresponsive to approach. To determine the cause, we examined ten alligators captured from Lake Griffin between December 1997 and June 1999. ...
Angelini Annalisa - - 2002
Vascular rings are rare vascular congenital anomalies causing oesophageal and tracheal compression. An aortoesophageal fistula is a devastating, in part iatrogenic, complication of vascular rings. It is seen with increasing frequency, and can be misleading, since differential diagnosis with other causes of haematemesis and melaena is often difficult, especially in ...
Cnattingius Sven - - 2002
Stillbirths account for an increasing proportion of feto-infant mortality. Yet, causes of stillbirth are rarely reported, and the causes of most stillbirths remain unknown. Few studies focus specifically on the epidemiology of stillbirth. Major risk factors include high maternal age, smoking, and overweight. The prevalence of delayed childbearing and, especially ...
Smoley Brian A - - 2002
Hymenoptera stings are common and cause 40 to 50 deaths each year. Hymenoptera venom contains a variety of toxic and allergenic substances that can produce many types of both local and systemic reactions. Of these, anaphylaxis is the most feared and the most common cause of sting-related deaths. Oropharyngeal stings, ...
Koo Ja-Ryong - - 2002
Paraquat poisoning is characterized by multiorgan failure and pulmonary fibrosis with respiratory failure. Multiorgan failure with circulatory collapse is a major cause of early death within 3 days of paraquat ingestion. Recent studies suggested that continuous venovenous hemofiltration (CVVH) had a role in the treatment of multiorgan failure by promoting ...
Indrayan Abhaya - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Years-of-life-lost (YLL) contribute nearly two-thirds of the disability-adjusted life-years (DALYs) worldwide and are especially Important for India where infant and child mortality is still high. These were estimated for India under the Global Burden of Disease study for the year 1990. No estimates are available for the different states ...
Payne M S - - 2001
Primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT) in infants is caused by parathyroid chief cell hyperplasia. Patients present with symptoms of chronic hypercalcemia, such as failure to thrive, irritability, abdominal pain, and anorexia. Medical therapy is inadequate, often resulting in chronic hypercalcemia or death. Partial or total surgical removal of the parathyroid gland is ...
Maresi E - - 2001
This article describe's a case of atypical Kawasaki disease (AKD) with lack of typical clinical signs and rapid fatal course in a 2-month-old infant, who 1 week before hospitalization demonstrated rhinitis, coughing without fever, and later conjunctival hyperemia and allergic exanthema on chest and arms. On admittance, labwork highlighted the ...
Sprogøe-Jakobsen S - - 2001
On request of the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY), the Danish-Swedish forensic teams worked in Kosovo during the summer and the fall of 1999. The teams worked mainly as "mobile teams" at sites with few graves. Only two larger sites were examined. Most of the bodies were ...
Kameoka J - - 2001
Autoimmune neutropenia (AIN) can occur during pregnancy. However, neonatal neutropenia occurring in an infant born to a mother with AIN has only rarely been documented. Recently, we have experienced two cases of AIN during pregnancy, both of which caused severe yet transient neonatal neutropenia (< 0.3 x 10(9)/l), probably as ...
van Lieburg A F - - 2001
A patient with congenital nephrotic syndrome underwent bilateral nephrectomy at the age of 4 months. She showed persistent hypotension from the fourth postoperative day until death at the age of nearly 5 months. No cause for the hypotension could be found. It is postulated that, especially in young infants, a ...
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