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Montalto Michael - - 2009
This report describes the unusual occurrence of mastitis and breast abscess in both mother and infant, both caused by methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA). Mother and child were both immunocompetent, and their only risk factor was routine confinement. The case highlights the importance of considering MRSA as a cause for mastitis ...
Lucas Jonathan R - - 2009
Laryngotracheitis caused by human parainfluenza virus (HPIV) and not complicated by bacterial superinfection rarely causes sudden unexpected death in infants and toddlers, especially in the absence of stridor and a barking cough. We therefore describe a 15-month-old white male who died suddenly and unexpectedly with clinical and pathological features of ...
Ott Jördis Jennifer - - 2008
AIMS: Immigrants are at increased risk of dying from external causes, particularly suicide. This study presents mortality data from a complete follow-up of a cohort of immigrants from the Former Soviet Union to Germany. Number of residential changes after migration and time period between residential change and death are analysed ...
Munzi Silvana - - 2009
This study investigated if some nitrogen (N) compounds commonly used as fertilizers (KNO3, NH4NO3, (NH4)2SO4) cause chlorophyll degradation in the N-tolerant lichen Xanthoria parietina and if polyamines are responsible for the N-tolerance of this species. The results showed that N excess does not cause chlorophyll degradation and suggested the absence ...
Palmer Neil R - - 2008
Premature ejaculation (PE) is ejaculation occurring without control, on or shortly after vaginal penetration and before the subject wishes it, causing marked distress or interpersonal difficulties. PE is the most common male sexual complaint. Primary (lifelong) PE has a physiological basis. Therapy should involve the man and his partner. The ...
Elwert Felix F Department of Sociology, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI 53706, USA. - - 2008
We investigated the effect of spousal bereavement on mortality to document cause-specific bereavement effects by the causes of death of both the predecedent spouse and the bereaved partner. We obtained data from a nationally representative cohort of 373 189 elderly married couples in the United States who were followed from ...
Petersen Liselotte - - 2008
BACKGROUND: There is a familial influence on risk of many diseases and on mortality in general, which, according to studies of twins, is due to a combination of genetic and environmental effects. Adoption studies, which rest on different assumptions, may also be used to estimate separately the genetic and environmental ...
Espinosa Javier - - 2008
We test whether the heightened mortality after the death of a spouse represents correlation or causation by examining the heterogeneity in the bereavement effect based on the spouse's cause of death. Some causes of death are correlated with socioeconomic characteristics while others are not. Equality in the bereavement effect across ...
Elliot-Smith Elena E Glycobiology Institute, Department of Biochemistry, University of Oxford, South Parks Road, Oxford OX1 3QU, - - 2008
GM1 gangliosidosis is an inherited neurodegenerative disorder caused by lysosomal beta-galactosidase deficiency, resulting in the storage of GM1 and GA1, primarily in the central nervous system. This disease typically afflicts infants and young children and there is currently no effective therapy. Substrate reduction therapy (SRT) could be of potential benefit. ...
Groeneveld Susanne S Department of Pediatrics, Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Center, Nijmegen, The - - 2008
Due to the similarity of their generic names, the use of amphotericin B-deoxycholate and liposomal amphotericin B could cause confusion in daily practice. We report two cases of amphotericin B-deoxycholate overdose in infants due to administration errors which raises the issue that the use of this antifungal agent should be ...
Santo Augusto Hasiak - - 2007
Cysticercosis-related mortality has not been studied in Brazil. Deaths recorded in the State of São Paulo from 1985 to 2004 in which cysticercosis was mentioned on any line or in any part of the death certificate were studied. Causes of death were processed using the Multiple Cause Tabulator. Over this ...
Putman Margaret A - - 2007
Clinicians are called upon to participate in a variety of clinical scenarios in which babies will die. A number of factors have caused the most appropriate method of evaluating cause(s) of death, namely autopsy, to fall to record low numbers during the past decade. Because of obligations unique to the ...
Koller Michael T - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To study the odds ratio (OR) as measure of treatment effect in the context of mutually exclusive causes of death. STUDY DESIGN AND SETTING: As example we consider meta-analyses of randomized trials of implantable cardioverter defibrillator implantation (ICD). We compare the pooled OR to the pooled cause-specific hazard ratio ...
Janssen Steve M J - - 2007
The reminiscence bump is the effect that people recall more personal events from early adulthood than from childhood or adulthood. The bump has been examined extensively. However, the question of whether the bump is caused by differential encoding or re-sampling is still unanswered. To examine this issue, participants were asked ...
Vila Peter M - - 2007
INTRODUCTION: While heart disease, cancer, and injuries are leading proximate causes of death, research has demonstrated that about half of all deaths in the United States are actually due to preventable causes, including tobacco use, poor diet, and physical inactivity. Using state vital statistics data and findings from national studies, ...
- - 2007
During March 12-20, 2006, wildfires burned approximately 1 million acres in the Panhandle region of Texas, advancing 45 miles in 9 hours, with dense smoke and flames up to 11 feet. The two largest fires, which together extended into nine counties, resulted from power lines downed by sustained winds of ...
Slaus Mario - - 2007
To describe the contribution of forensic anthropology to the recovery, analysis, and identification of victims from the 1991-1995 war in Croatia recovered in wells. From 1996 to the present, human remains of a total of 61 individuals have been recovered from 13 wells. Six wells contained the remains of a ...
Ho Lintje - - 2007
We studied differences in cause-specific mortality between highly integrated first- and second-generation Indonesians and native Dutch. We used the municipal population registers and cause-of-death registry to estimate rate ratios via Poisson regression analyses. Although overall mortality levels were similar, cause-of-death patterns varied between Indonesian migrants and native Dutch; the similar ...
Huang Shaoming - - 2007
Aedes sollicitans (Walker) (Diptera: Culicidae) is an important vector of eastern equine encephalitis as well as several other mosquito-borne brain fevers. The larvae are salt-tolerant and develop in salt marshes with highly varying salinity. The effect of salinity on the toxicity of one of the major larvicidal organophosphates, temephos, was ...
Cohen J - - 2007
George Augustus Clough was a young Englishman who died in Charleston, South Carolina, in 1843. The cause of death, which unusually was given on his gravestone, was Stranger's fever, which is now known to be yellow fever. Stranger's fever first appeared in North America in Florida in 1649, and continued ...
Bird Sheila M SM MRC Biostatistics Unit, Cambridge CB2 2SR. - - 2007
Military fatalities occur in clusters, and causes differ between theatres of operation or within-theatre over time. Based on around 500 coalition deaths, identify major causes in Iraq and Afghanistan. For consecutive periods (1: May 1 to September 17, 2006, 2: September 18, 2006 to February 4, 2007), ascertain UK and ...
Redelings Matthew D - - 2007
Death rarely results from only one cause, and it can be caused by a variety of factors. Multiple cause-of-death data files can list as many as 20 contributing causes of death in addition to the reported underlying cause of death. Analysis of multiple cause-of-death data can provide information on associations ...
Makara Manami - - 2007
Neonatal weakness of calves is one of the common reproductive-related problems in captive cetaceans; clinical signs can be observed in the first few hours after delivery. Three 3-day-old bottlenose dolphins died with history of weakness since birth. Pathological study demonstrated purulent bronchopneumonia associated with prominent bacterial colonies and foreign substances ...
McGarvey Lorcan P - - 2007
BACKGROUND: TORCH (Towards a Revolution in COPD Health) is an international multicentre, randomised, placebo-controlled clinical trial of inhaled fluticasone propionate/salmeterol combination treatment and its monotherapy components for maintenance treatment of moderately to severely impaired patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). The primary outcome is all-cause mortality. Cause-specific mortality and ...
Jiao Nianzhi - - 2007
In this study, we examined possible impacts of the Yangtze River Three Gorges Dam (TGD), the world largest hydroelectric construction, on the adjacent marine ecosystem of the East China Sea (ECS) during its initial water storage period. The TGD filled the first one-third of its storage capacity of 39 billion ...
Sisterson Mark S - - 2007
Widespread planting of transgenic insecticidal (TI) crops for pest control has raised concerns about potential harm to nontarget arthropods. Because the first generation of TI crops produce single Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) toxins causing little or no harm to most nontarget arthropods, they are not likely to cause such negative effects. ...
Romano Michael - - 2007
With little action from Congress, increasingly states and national groups are addressing the uninsured crisis. Last week California became the latest to join the cause, with a bold plan from Gov. Arnold Schwarzenegger. "It's very clear that substantial movement on healthcare insurance is in the air and in the news," ...
Brown Devin L DL Stroke Program, University of Michigan Medical School, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, - - 2007
Stroke mortality is an important national health statistic and represents a frequent endpoint for epidemiologic studies. Several methods have been used to determine cause of death after stroke, but their agreement and reliability are unknown. Two hundred consecutive deaths of transient ischemic attack or ischemic stroke patients were identified (January ...
Lindström Richard - - 2006
This study analyzes accidental fatalities caused by electricity--at work and during leisure time--to evaluate risk factors, the role of alcohol, and to identify possible preventive strategies. In Sweden, data on fatalities by electrocution from 1975 through 2000 were collected from the National Cause-of-Death Register. Additional cases were found in the ...
Atherton David J - - 2006
Infantile haemangiomas are the commonest tumours occurring in infants, but regress spontaneously without causing major problems in the great majority of cases. However, in some infants they can cause life-threatening complications. Fortunately, if the decision to treat is made promptly, and the most appropriate form of treatment selected, these complications ...
Ham Jong Hyun - - 2006
The pathogenicity of Pantoea stewartii subsp. stewartii to sweet corn and maize requires a Hrp type III secretion system. In this study, we genetically and functionally characterized a disease-specific (Dsp) effector locus, composed of wtsE and wtsF, that is adjacent to the hrp gene cluster. WtsE, a member of the ...
Bossi P - - 2006
Bioterrorism is defined by the intentional or threatened of microorganisms or toxins derived from living organisms to cause death or diseases in humans, animals or plants on which we depend. The other major point is to generate fear in the population. More than 180 pathogens have been reported to be ...
Clark, John D.
The authors studied a fish die-off at a lake near Santa Rosa, New Mexico. The results of their study can explain similar situations.
Mucciarone James J - - 2006
Casualties incurred during the assault on Punta Paitilla Airfield during Operation Just Cause were evaluated through reviews of records and interviews with the participants. There were eight initial casualties. One-half of all subsequent casualties were wounded trying to move to these men while still under effective hostile fire. Consistent with ...
Hurtgen John P - - 2006
Inflammatory conditions of the uterus, collectively known as endometritis, can be classified as acute, chronic, active, or subclinical. This condition causes substantial reductions in mare fertility. To diagnose and treat mares with endometrial inflammation, it is imperative to identify predisposing factors and challenges to the reproductive tract of the mare ...
Schwartz Robert A - - 2006
Seborrheic dermatitis affects the scalp, central face, and anterior chest. In adolescents and adults, it often presents as scalp scaling (dandruff). Seborrheic dermatitis also may cause mild to marked erythema of the nasolabial fold, often with scaling. Stress can cause flare-ups. The scales are greasy, not dry, as commonly thought. ...
Vogt Tara M - - 2006
In the Republic of Palau, a Pacific island nation, approximately 20% of the population is chronically infected with hepatitis B virus (HBV) and is at risk of developing chronic liver disease (CLD), including cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). To examine the consequences of HBV infection, we sought to quantify HBV-related ...
Shimotake Takashi - - 2006
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Intraluminal meconium calculi are a rare cause of neonatal abdominal calcifications in patients with anorectal malformations. To investigate their pathogenesis, we performed infrared spectroscopic analysis of meconium-calcified lesions. METHODS: Meconium calculi were collected from the colostomy in a newborn patient with imperforate anus and rectourethral fistula. The potassium bromide ...
Thierauf Annette A Institute of Forensic Medicine, University of Bonn, Stiftsplatz 12, 53111 Bonn, Germany. - - 2007
Anomalies of the thymus can lead to immunodeficiencies that are often associated with complex syndromes. The clinical relevance of those anomalies varies a lot. Regarding mortality and morbidity, opportunistic infections play a major role in immunocompromised individuals. An 8-month-old infant died of a sepsis with multi-organ failure after 32 days ...
Croft Philip R - - 2006
Little is known about the amendment of death certificates (DCs) issued by medical examiners and coroners. This retrospective study examined why, how, and with what frequency cause and manner of death were amended on DCs issued by forensic pathologists over a 6-year period at the New Mexico Office of the ...
Grottoli Andréa G - - 2006
Mass coral bleaching events caused by elevated seawater temperatures have resulted in extensive coral mortality throughout the tropics over the past few decades. With continued global warming, bleaching events are predicted to increase in frequency and severity, causing up to 60% coral mortality globally within the next few decades. Although ...
Yohendran Jayshan - - 2006
Congenital dacryocystocoeles are uncommon, presenting as a fluctuant bluish mass inferior to the medial canthus. Even more rarely, these dacryocystocoeles are complicated by intranasal extension. We present a case of a newborn infant with bilateral dacryocystocoeles with intranasal extension (intranasal mucocoeles) causing respiratory distress and feeding difficulties. Prompt surgical correction ...
Korteweg F J - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To introduce the pathophysiological Tulip classification system for underlying cause and mechanism of perinatal mortality based on clinical and pathological findings for the purpose of counselling and prevention. DESIGN: Descriptive. SETTING: Tertiary referral teaching hospital. POPULATION: Perinatally related deaths. METHODS: A classification consisting of groups of cause and mechanism ...
Mamun E A - - 2006
Chilling during male gametophyte development in rice inhibits development of microspores, causing male sterility. Changes in cellular ultrastructure that have been exposed to mild chilling include microspores with poor pollen wall formation, abnormal vacuolation and hypertrophy of the tapetum and unusual starch accumulation in the plastids of the endothecium in ...
Hyakakawa Satoshi - - 2006
Even in the 21st Century, approximately 60,0000 women die of pregnancy-related causes each year. WHO reported that 98% of these deaths occur in developing countries; the largest gap between rich and poor nations was evident in the maternal mortality levels. In developed countries, massive hemorrhage and thrombo-embolism are the most ...
De Letter Els A - - 2006
Abuse of amphetamine (AMP) and its derivatives, such as 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA, 'Ecstasy'), 3,4-methylenedioxyethylamphetamine (MDEA, MDE), and 3,4-methylenedioxyamphetamine (MDA) is an important public issue. Fatalities following ingestion of these substances are not infrequent in current forensic practice. The aim of this study was twofold. Firstly, considering the wide range of blood ...
Pratter Melvin R - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To review the literature on unexplained cough, previously referred to as idiopathic cough. METHODS: Search of MEDLINE (through May 2004) for studies published in the English language since 1980 on human subjects using the medical subject heading terms "cough," "unexplained cough," and "idiopathic cough." We selected case series and ...
Abel Ernest L EL C.S. Mott Center for Human Growth and Development, Departments of Obstetrics/Gynecology and Psychology, Wayne State University, Detroit, Micigan, USA. - - 2005
The authors compared the longevity of all baseball players alive at the time of their induction into the Baseball Hall of Fame with age-matched controls who were likewise alive at the time of the Hall of Famer's induction, and also matched them for career length, player position, and body-mass index, ...
Yamataka Atsuyuki - - 2005
In high jejunal atresia (HJA), discrepancy between the diameters of the proximal and distal jejunum can often be significant and cause major anastomotic complications. We developed 2 novel procedures to enhance conventional jejuno-jejunostomy (JJ): bilateral side-plication during JJ (BSP): plication of both lateral aspects of the dilated proximal jejunum, and ...
Schulpen Tom W J - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Infant mortality of ethnic minorities in The Netherlands (10% of the population) is twice as high as in the indigenous Dutch population. Causes of death are different for the diverse migrant groups. METHODS: Hospital records of nearly 600 infants who died in the four major cities between 1995 and ...
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