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Wambach Jennifer A JA Edward Mallinckrodt Department of Pediatrics, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, MO. Electronic address: - - 2014
To determine whether synonymous variants in the adenosine triphosphate-binding cassette A3 transporter (ABCA3) gene increase the risk for neonatal respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) in term and late preterm infants of European and African descent. Using next-generation pooled sequencing of race-stratified DNA samples from infants of European and African descent at ...
Claxton Laura J LJ Department of Health and Kinesiology, Purdue University, West Lafayette, - - 2014
In typical daily life, adults routinely adapt posture so that balance can be maintained while other goal-directed activities are performed. Interestingly, newly standing infants also control posture based on the demands of a task. It is unknown if the ability to properly adapt postural movements as a goal-directed task is ...
Green Dorota D Department of Psychology, Uppsala University, Sweden. Electronic address: - - 2014
Why are infants able to anticipate occlusion events and other people's actions but not the movement of self-propelled objects? This study investigated infant and adult anticipatory gaze shifts during observation of self-propelled objects and human goal-directed actions. Six-month-old infants anticipated self-propelled balls but not human actions. This demonstrates that different ...
Hernik Mikolaj M Cognitive Development Center, Central European University, , 14 Hattyú utca, Budapest 1015, Hungary, Department of Clinical, Educational and Health Psychology, University College London, , Gower Street, London WC1E 6BT, - - 2014
Animal actions are almost universally constrained by the bilateral body-plan. For example, the direction of travel tends to be constrained by the orientation of the animal's anteroposterior axis. Hence, an animal's behaviour can reliably guide the identification of its front and back, and its orientation can reliably guide action prediction. ...
Matsunaka Reiko R Graduate School of Arts and Sciences, Department of General System Studies, The University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan ; CREST, Japan Science and Technology Agency, Saitama, - - 2014
Gaze direction cues and facial expressions have been shown to influence object processing in infants. For example, infants around 12 months of age utilize others' gaze directions and facial expressions to regulate their own behaviour toward an ambiguous target (i.e., social referencing). However, the mechanism by which social signals influence ...
Madre Chrystèle C Surgical Paediatric High Dependency Unit, AP-HP, Hôpital Robert Debré, 48 Boulevard Sérurier, 75019, Paris, - - 2013
Although the incidence of sudden unexpected death in infancy (SUDI) decreased markedly after campaigns to promote supine positioning during sleeping, it has remained unchanged over the last decade. Epidemiological data suggest a role for new causes such as suffocation, asphyxia, and entrapment. Health authorities in several countries have issued warnings ...
Kretch Kari S KS New York - - 2013
How does visual experience change over development? To investigate changes in visual input over the developmental transition from crawling to walking, thirty 13-month-olds crawled or walked down a straight path wearing a head-mounted eye tracker that recorded gaze direction and head-centered field of view. Thirteen additional infants wore a motion ...
Winiarska-Mieczan Anna A Department of Bromatology and Food Physiology, University of Life Sciences in Lublin, Akademicka 13, 20-950, Lublin, Poland, - - 2013
Mother's milk is the fundamental food for infants. It contains proteins, fat, carbohydrates and essential metals which are necessary to ensure correct functioning of the organism. Unfortunately, breast milk is a potential source of toxic metals, which are dangerous for a baby. In Poland, previous research concerning the content of ...
Karasik Lana B - - 2013
We examined mothers' verbal responses to their crawling or walking infants' object sharing (i.e. bids). Fifty mothers and their 13-month-olds were observed for 1 hour at home. Infants bid from a stationary position or they bid after carrying the object to their mothers. Mothers responded with affirmations (e.g. 'thank you'), descriptions ...
Bouhouch Raschida R RR Laboratory of Human Nutrition, ETH Zurich, Zurich, - - 2014
Iodine deficiency in infants can damage the developing brain and increase mortality. Present recommendations state that oral iodised oil should be given to breastfeeding mothers to correct iodine deficiency in infancy when iodised salt is not available, and that direct supplementation should be given to infants who are not being ...
Bolnga John W - - 2013
To assess the frequency, causes, and reporting of maternal deaths at a provincial referral hospital in coastal Papua New Guinea (PNG), and to describe delays in care. In a structured retrospective review of maternal deaths at Modilon General Hospital, Madang, PNG, registers and case notes for the period January 2008 ...
Lee Mei-Hua - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to investigate the influence of contingent auditory feedback on the development of infant reaching. Eleven full-term infants were observed biweekly from the age of 10 weeks to 16 weeks, and their arm kinematics were recorded. Auditory feedback that was contingent on arm kinematics was ...
Schaumburg Frieder - - 2013
Staphylococcus aureus colonization is a risk factor for invasive disease. There is a need to understand Staphylococcus aureus colonization in infancy as the burden of S. aureus infections in infants is high. We aimed to investigate the transmission of S. aureus between mothers and their newborns during one year after ...
Kim Jongwon - - 2013
Abstract Background: Aerosol drug delivery to infants is a strong function of their behavior. Infants can be active during medication administration, changing head position or breathing mode. The objective was to evaluate the influence of the head direction and breathing mode on the hood drug delivery in a 7-month-old girl ...
Melkie Mulugeta - - 2013
BACKGROUND: To generate clinically applicable reference intervals (RIs) for commonly requested electrolytes in Ethiopian newborns and infants that can help in early detection, close monitoring and correction of electrolyte abnormalities. Cord blood (from newborns, n = 60) and venous blood samples (from infants, n = 57) were collected and analyzed ...
Okumura Yuko - - 2013
Infants can acquire much information by following the gaze direction of others. This type of social learning is underpinned by the ability to understand the relationship between gaze direction and a referent object (i.e., the referential nature of gaze). However, it is unknown whether human gaze is a privileged cue ...
Henrichs Ivanina - - 2013
We investigated whether 12-month-old infants rely on information about the certainty of goal selection in order to predict observed reaching actions. Infants' goal-directed gaze shifts were recorded as they observed action sequences in a multiple-goals design. We found that 12-month-old infants exhibited gaze shifts significantly earlier when the observed hand ...
Condry Kirsten - - 2013
Recent research shows that young infants are sensitive to motion parallax in visual displays but leaves open the question of whether infants use the information to perceive spatial layout. In this experiment, 6-month-old infants were translated horizontally in front of two objects that were yoked to the infant's movement. One ...
Barnes Michelle - - 2013
Within a 3-month period, two infants presented non-specifically to hospital and rapidly progressed developing flaccid paralysis. Both children were diagnosed with infant botulism. We briefly review these two cases and discuss the diagnostic and management issues involved with this rare childhood disease.
Cristia Alejandrina - - 2013
ABSTRACT Typically, the point vowels [i,ɑ,u] are acoustically more peripheral in infant-directed speech (IDS) compared to adult-directed speech (ADS). If caregivers seek to highlight lexically relevant contrasts in IDS, then two sounds that are contrastive should become more distinct, whereas two sounds that are surface realizations of the same underlying ...
Dilley Laura C - - 2013
ABSTRACT Pronunciation variation is under-studied in infant-directed speech, particularly for consonants. Regressive place assimilation involves a word-final alveolar stop taking the place of articulation of a following word-initial consonant. We investigated pronunciation variation in word-final alveolar stop consonants in storybooks read by forty-eight mothers in adult-directed or infant-directed style to ...
Lugonja Nikoleta - - 2013
Early-onset and exclusive breast-feeding provides a significant health benefit to infants compared with infant formulas. The aim of this study was to compare mature breast milk with standard infant formulas by examining their effects on non-vascular smooth muscle contraction and their antioxidative properties. The pharmacologic effects of breast milk and ...
Shin Jeong Hee - - 2013
A retropharyngeal abscess is a rare disease entity in young infants but can develop after nasopharyngeal viral infection. Group B Streptococcus and Staphylococcus aureus are the most common pathogens in young infants, however, Mycobacterium tuberculosis is very rare. We report the case of retropharyngeal abscess and coinfection with S. aureus ...
Bion Ricardo A H - - 2013
In Japanese, vowel duration can distinguish the meaning of words. In order for infants to learn this phonemic contrast using simple distributional analyses, there should be reliable differences in the duration of short and long vowels, and the frequency distribution of vowels must make these differences salient enough in the ...
Reddy Vasudevi - - 2013
Anticipation of the actions of others is often used as a measure of action understanding in infancy. In contrast to studies of action understanding which set infants up as observers of actions directed elsewhere, in the present study we explored anticipatory postural adjustments made by infants to one of the ...
Parise Eugenio - - 2013
Infants' sensitivity to ostensive signals, such as direct eye contact and infant-directed speech, is well documented in the literature. We investigated how infants interpret such signals by assessing common processing mechanisms devoted to them and by measuring neural responses to their compounds. In Experiment 1, we found that ostensive signals ...
Kenward Ben - - 2013
Young children can be motivated to help adults by sympathetic concern based upon empathy, but the underlying mechanisms are unknown. One account of empathy-based sympathetic helping in adults states that it arises due to direct-matching mirror-system mechanisms which allow the observer to vicariously experience the situation of the individual in ...
Fernández L - - 2013
Recent work has shown that human colostrum and milk, which had been traditionally considered sterile, provides a continuous supply of commensal and potential probiotic bacteria to the infant gut. More than 200 different bacterial species, including staphylococci, lactic acid bacteria and bifidobacteria, have been isolated from human milk samples so ...
Smith Nicholas A NA Perceptual Development Laboratory, Boys Town National Research Hospital Omaha, NE, - - 2013
Two experiments used eye tracking to examine how infant and adult observers distribute their eye gaze on videos of a mother producing infant- and adult-directed speech. Both groups showed greater attention to the eyes than to the nose and mouth, as well as an asymmetrical focus on the talker's right ...
Yang Yifei Y Department of Physiology, Jichi Medical University School of Medicine, Shimotsuke, Tochigi, - - 2013
Recently, a case of newborn infant with transient hyperinsulinism has been reported. This infant was reported to be free from typical perinatal risk factors of hyperinsulinism except for the fact that the mother of the baby was receiving the antidepressant bupropion during her pregnancy. However, the mother did not experience ...
Mendive Susana - - 2012
Coordinated joint engagement (CJE) is a behavioral measure used in the infant-caregiver interaction paradigm to measure joint attention. To know how mothers scaffold infant attention to prompt joint engagement states, this study attempted to determine (a) which specific maternal attention-directing strategies facilitate CJE in mother-infant interactions and (b) how attention-directing ...
Siu Luen Yee - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: The aims of this study were to evaluate the specificity of a non-draining hepatobiliary scintigraphy (HBS) for biliary atresia (BA) in preterm and full-term babies, to verify the relationship between non-draining scan and higher levels of direct bilirubin and to find an objective criterion to guide the time in ...
Saravia Jordy J Department of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics, Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center, New Orleans, LA 70112, - - 2013
The health impacts of airborne particulate matter (PM) are of global concern, and the direct implications to the development/exacerbation of lung disease are immediately obvious. Most studies to date have sought to understand mechanisms associated with PM exposure in adults/adult animal models; however, infants are also at significant risk for ...
Delavenne Anne - - 2012
This longitudinal study compared the temporal characteristics of maternal singing at 3 and then at 6 months. Infant-directed (ID) singing is claimed to have different functions in preverbal communication. However few studies have focused on the specific characteristics of ID singing that change across the first months of life. We ...
Tampo Akihito - - 2012
Vallecular cysts are rare but cause respiratory failure in neonates and infants by obstructing the upper airway. They may also cause problems with direct laryngoscopy and tracheal intubation, and there have been several reports of difficult airway management because of a vallecular cyst in infants (1, 2). We describe successful ...
Reddy Vasudevi - - 2012
Complying with directives is an important indicator of developing cooperativeness and of the awareness of others' intentions for one's own actions. Nonetheless, little is known about the early emergence of compliance. In the present longitudinal study, we explore this phenomenon in naturalistic settings in two cultural groups. Nine middle-class urban ...
Goswami Gaurav G Departments of Pediatrics, LLRM, Medical College, Meerut, UP, and *Government Medical College, Chandigarh, - - 2013
To compare analgesic effect of direct breast feeding, 25% dextrose solution and placebo as we give 1st intramuscular whole cell DPT injection to 6week - 3month old infants. Randomized, placebo controlled trial. Immunization clinic of Department of Pediatrics, LLRM Medical College. Infants coming for their 1st DPT vaccination were randomized ...
Talbott John A - - 2012
ABSTRACT: This interview, with Professor Daniel Stern conducted on February 16, 2012, by Dr. John Talbott, reviews the field of infant psychiatry, the history of which goes back more than 100 years. Sigmund Freud, then Melanie Klein, Anna Freud, Donald Winnicott, and, finally, Margaret Mahler, all psychoanalysts, influenced its development. ...
Meehan Courtney L - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: Previous research among foragers and theory suggests that nonmaternal caregivers offer essential assistance, which supports female reproduction and the costs associated with lengthy child development. Mothers' face trade-offs in energy allocation between work and childcare, particularly when mothers have an infant. These trade-offs likely have crucial impacts on the ...
Wahl Sebastian - - 2013
This study investigates the effects of attention-guiding stimuli on 4-month-old infants' object processing. In the human head condition, infants saw a person turning her head and eye gaze towards or away from objects. When presented with the objects again, infants showed increased attention in terms of longer looking time measured ...
Rossano Federico - - 2012
We investigated 1-year-old infants' ability to infer an adult's focus of attention solely on the basis of her voice direction. In Studies 1 and 2, 12- and 16-month-olds watched an adult go behind a barrier and then heard her verbally express excitement about a toy hidden in one of two ...
Sakkalou Elena - - 2012
Previous studies have reported that infants selectively reproduce observed actions and have argued that this selectivity reflects understanding of intentions and goals, or goal-directed imitation. We reasoned that if selective imitation of goal-directed actions reflects understanding of intentions, infants should demonstrate stability across perceptually and causally dissimilar imitation tasks. To ...
Montirosso Rosario - - 2012
We examined whether there are differences in the lateralization of expressive gestures in infants during normal and stressful interactions with their mothers and the relations between their gestures. Thirty full-term 6-12 month-old infants were videotaped during the Face-to-Face Still-Face paradigm. We coded the occurrence and lateralization of infant self-directed and ...
Guo Hongyan - - 2012
Understanding the properties of viruses preferentially establishing infection during perinatal transmission of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) is critical for the development of effective measures to prevent transmission. A previous study demonstrated that the newly transmitted viruses (in infants) of chronically infected mother-infant pairs (MIPs) were fitter in terms ...
Abiaka Clifford - - 2012
This study assessed the role of oxidative stress in parturition in Omani mothers following growing reports that late preterm neonates were at greater risk than term neonates of perinatal death. Venous blood samples were collected during labour, and cord (neonatal) blood samples were taken after childbirth in late preterm and ...
Burnum Kristin E - - 2012
Preterm birth is a global health issue impacting millions of mothers and babies. However, the etiology of preterm birth is not clearly understood. Our recent finding that premature decidual senescence with terminal differentiation is a cause of preterm birth in mice with uterine Trp53 deletion, encoding p53 protein, led us ...
Hernik Mikolaj - - 2012
Human infants readily interpret others' actions as goal-directed and their understanding of previous goals shapes their expectations about an agent's future goal-directed behavior in a changed situation. According to a recent proposal (Luo & Baillargeon, 2005), infants' goal-attributions are not sufficient to support such expectations if the situational change involves ...
Schechter T - - 2012
Background: Unfractionated heparin (UFH) is a widely used anticoagulant. Current American College of Chest Physicians guidelines for infants extrapolated from adults recommends 28U/kg/hr of UFH to achieve an anti-Xa level of 0.35-0.7 IU/ml. Objective: We assessed the profile of anti-Xa-based UFH dosing guidelines in infants. Patients/Methods: We included all infants ...
Vento Máximo - - 2012
This article describes aerobic metabolism, oxygen free radicals, antioxidant defenses, oxidative stress, inflammatory response and redox signaling, the fetal to neonatal transition, arterial oxygen saturation, oxygen administration in the delivery room, oxygen during neonatal care in the NICU, evolving oxygen needs in the first few weeks of life, and complications ...
Arslan Mehmet - - 2012
To investigate the role of erythrocyte free radical scavenging enzyme activities (FRSE), carbonic anhydrase (CA) activity and malondialdehyde (MDA) in infants with myelomeningocele (MM). MATERIAL and We compared antioxidant enzyme activities and MDA level in 40 individuals (10 infants with MM, 10 healthy infants; and mothers of these two groups) ...
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