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Horner Ingrid - - 2014
To the Editor: Madhi et al. (Sept. 4 issue)(1) describe the protection of pregnant women and infants conferred by the trivalent inactivated influenza vaccine (IIV3). One of the primary outcomes of the study was the efficacy of IIV3 administered during pregnancy to protect infants against confirmed influenza. The vaccine efficacy ...
- - 2014
To the Editor: Madhi et al. (Sept. 4 issue)(1) describe the protection of pregnant women and infants conferred by the trivalent inactivated influenza vaccine (IIV3). One of the primary outcomes of the study was the efficacy of IIV3 administered during pregnancy to protect infants against confirmed influenza. The vaccine efficacy ...
Zotti Marianne E ME Field Services Branch (FSB), Division of Reproductive Health (DRH), DRH Program for Emergency Preparedness and Response, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion (NCCDPHP), Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), MANILA Consulting Group, Inc., 36 Warwick Drive, Bella Vista, AR, 72714, USA, - - 2014
United States (U.S.) pregnant and postpartum (P/PP) women and their infants may be particularly vulnerable to effects from disasters. In an effort to guide post-disaster assessment and surveillance, we initiated a collaborative process with nationwide expert partners to identify post-disaster epidemiologic indicators for these at-risk groups. This 12 month process began ...
Webb Rebecca R a Centre for Maternal and Child Health Research, School of Health Sciences , City University London , London , - - 2014
Perinatal psychological problems such as post-natal depression are associated with poor mother-baby interaction, but the reason for this is not clear. One explanation is that mothers with negative mood have biased processing of infant emotion. This review aimed to synthesise research on processing of infant emotion by pregnant or post-natal ...
Hahn Amanda C AC Institute of Neuroscience & Psychology, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, G12 8QB, UK. Electronic address: - - 2014
"Baby schema" refers to infant characteristics, such as facial cues, that positively influence cuteness perceptions and trigger caregiving and protective behaviors in adults. Current models of hormonal regulation of parenting behaviors address how hormones may modulate protective behaviors and nurturance, but not how hormones may modulate responses to infant cuteness. ...
Penn Zoe J ZJ Academic Unit of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Charing Cross and Westminster Medical School, Chelsea and Westminster Hospital, - - 2014
To determine the optimum mode of delivery for women in preterm breech labour at a gestational age of 26 to 32 weeks. A multicentre randomised controlled trial. Twenty-six hospitals in England, UK. Women with a singleton breech fetus in spontaneous preterm labour between 26 and 32 completed weeks of gestation, with ...
DeCamp Lisa Ross LR Department of Pediatrics, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, USA, - - 2014
To compare the association between neighborhood Latino immigrant concentration and infant mortality by maternal nativity among singleton births to Mexican-origin women in Los Angeles County. Information about births, infant deaths, and infant and maternal characteristics were obtained from geocoded Los Angeles County vital statistics records (2002-2005). Linked data on neighborhood ...
Mora Ana M AM Central American Institute for Studies on Toxic Substances (IRET), Universidad Nacional, P.O. Box 86-3000 Heredia, Costa Rica; Center for Environmental Research and Children's Health (CERCH), School of Public Health, University of California, Berkeley, 1995 University Ave, Suite 265, Berkeley, CA 94704, USA. Electronic address: - - 2015
Animal studies have shown that both deficiency and excess manganese (Mn) may result in decreased fetal size and weight, but human studies have reported inconsistent results. We examined the association of blood and hair Mn concentrations measured at different times during pregnancy with fetal growth among term births and length ...
O'Connor Alane B AB Dartmouth Medical School, Maine Dartmouth Family Medicine Residency, 149 North Street, Waterville, - - 2014
Abstract Objective: To determine whether concurrent in utero exposure to buprenorphine and antidepressants impacts the course of neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS) in infants. Methods: A retrospective cohort study of 148 infants who were exposed to buprenorphine during pregnancy. Univariate and bivariate analyses were used to examine associations between concurrent maternal ...
Urquia Marcelo L ML Centre for Research on Inner City Health (Urquia), Li Ka Shing Knowledge Institute, St. Michael's Hospital; Department of Medicine (Berger, Ray), St. Michael's Hospital; Institute for Clinical Evaluative Sciences (Urquia, Ray), Dalla Lana School of Public Health (Urquia), Faculty of Medicine (Berger, Ray), University of Toronto, Toronto, - - 2014
Infants of immigrant women in Western nations generally have lower birth weights than infants of native-born women. Whether this difference is physiologic or pathological is unclear. We determined whether the use of birth-weight curves tailored to maternal world region of origin would discriminate adverse neonatal and obstetric outcomes more accurately ...
Kaaya Sylvia S School of Medicine, Muhimbili University of Health and Allied Sciences, Dar es Salaam, - - 2014
Antenatal and post-natal depression has demonstrated a significant burden in sub-Saharan Africa, with rates ranging from 10% to 35%. However, perinatal women living with HIV in Tanzania have reported an even greater prevalence of depression (43-45%). The primary goal of this study was to examine the relationship between maternal depression ...
Fechner Adam J AJ Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Women's Health, Rutgers-New Jersey Medical School, 185 South Orange Ave, MSB E506, Newark, NJ, 07103, USA, - - 2014
To determine whether elective single embryo transfer (eSET) reduces the risk of preterm delivery associated with in vitro fertilization (IVF). This is an observational study of 3125 eSET cycles performed from 2008 to 2009 and reported to the Society for Assisted Reproductive Technology (SART) database. Preterm delivery rates were compared ...
Vrachnis N N 2nd Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Athens, Medical School, Aretaieion Hospital, Athens, 11528, - - 2014
Abstract Objective: Preterm birth is a major cause of neonatal morbidity and mortality in the developed world. In order to better understand the pathophysiological pathway of this condition, the role of genetic factors and/or inflammation-associated molecules, as well as of socioeconomic parameters, is therefore under intense investigation. The purpose of ...
Labant Amy A Amy Labant is an Assistant Professor, Mansfield University, Mansfield, PA. Christina Silva is an Assistant Professor, Indiana University of Pennsylvania, Indiana, PA. She can be reached via e-mail at - - 2014
Radiological exposure from nuclear power reactor accidents, transportation of nuclear waste accidents, industrial accidents, or terrorist activity may be a remote possibility, but it could happen. Nurses must be prepared to evaluate and treat pregnant women and infants who have been exposed to radiation, and to have an understanding of ...
Scholten Irma I Center for Reproductive Medicine, Academic Medical Center, Amsterdam, the Netherlands. Electronic address: - - 2014
To study the value of a population view in assessing assisted reproductive technology (ART) multiple-gestation infants. Descriptive comparison of ART treatment and population statistics in seven developed countries (United States [U.S.], South Korea, United Kingdom, the Netherlands, Australia, Belgium, Denmark) with varying ART utilization and single-embryo transfer (SET) rates. Not ...
Lai Ya-Ling YL School of Nursing, Tajen University, Pingtung County, - - 2014
This study compares women's postpartum fatigue, baby-care activities, and maternal-infant attachment following vaginal and cesarean births in rooming-in settings. Postpartum women admitted to baby-friendly hospitals are asked to stay with their babies 24hours a day and to breastfeed on demand regardless of the type of childbirth. The study used a ...
- - 2014
Scharber, Helen. 2014. "Do Unemployed Women Give Birth to Infants with Higher Rates of Infant Mortality and Low Birthweight?" Journal of Health and Social Behavior 55(3):265. doi: 10.1177/0022146514547328 In the above paper, the figures were incorrect. The corrected paper is given as follows:
Gaudet Laura L Faculty of Medicine, University of Ottawa, Ottawa ON; Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, The Ottawa Hospital, Ottawa ON; Horizon Health Network, Moncton NB; Ottawa Health Research Institute, Ottawa - - 2014
To examine the combined effect of macrosomia and maternal obesity on adverse pregnancy outcomes using a retrospective cohort. Infants with a birth weight of ≥ 4000g (macrosomia) were identified from an institutional birth cohort. Demographic characteristics and maternal, fetal, neonatal, and pregnancy outcomes of macrosomic infants whose mothers were obese ...
Dresner-Barnes Helen - - 2014
Vaginal breech birth all but disappeared from UK maternity units after the publication of the Term Breech Trial (Hannah et al 2000). However, mounting evidence does not support caesarean section as the safest mode of birth for the baby or the mother when the baby is presenting breech. But the ...
Hoss Shannon K SK Department of Biology, San Diego State University, 5500 Campanile Drive, San Diego, California 92182, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Steroid hormones regulate many aspects of reproductive physiology and behavior, including parental care. Reptiles display a variety of egg- and neonate-directed parental behaviors, yet few studies have addressed their endocrine correlates. Viviparous female pitvipers remain at the birth site with their young for one to two weeks until neonates complete ...
Gebrehiwot Yirgu Y Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, School of Medicine, Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia; Ethiopian Society of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. Electronic address: - - 2014
The present study aimed to initiate facility based review of maternal deaths and near misses as part of the Ethiopian effort to reduce maternal mortality and achieve United Nations Millennium Development Goals 4 and 5. An in-depth review of all maternal deaths and near misses among women who visited 10 ...
Raudies Florian F Center for Computational Neuroscience and Neural Technology, Boston University, Boston, MA 02215, U.S.A. - - 2014
Visual motion direction ambiguities due to edge-aperture interaction might be resolved by speed priors, but scant empirical data support this hypothesis. We measured optic flow and gaze positions of walking mothers and the infants they carried. Empirically derived motion priors for infants are vertically elongated and shifted upward relative to ...
Soska Kasey C KC Department of Psychology, Florida International University, - - 2014
Traditionally, crawling and sitting are considered distinct motor behaviors with different postures and functions. Ten- to 12-month-old infants were observed in the laboratory or in their homes while being coaxed to crawl continuously over long, straight walkways (Study 1; N = 20) and during spontaneous crawling during free play (Study 2; N = 20). ...
Vanderlinden Karen K Sociology Department, Ghent University, Korte Meer 3-5, 9000, Ghent, Belgium, - - 2014
In many European countries, mothers in poverty show a preference for bottled milk over breastfeeding. What remains unknown is whether the impact of poverty on feeding choices differs between immigrants and natives. We first assessed whether being born into poverty indicates a higher chance of being bottle-fed, then evaluated whether ...
Addyman Caspar - - 2014
Time is central to any understanding of the world. In adults, estimation errors grow linearly with the length of the interval, much faster than would be expected of a clock-like mechanism. Here we present the first direct demonstration that this is also true in human infants. Using an eye-tracking paradigm, ...
Shimokaze Tomoyuki T Department of Pediatrics, Saiseikai Yamagata Hospital, Yamagata, - - 2014
Objective Securing an arterial line to monitor continuous blood pressure (BP) is difficult in infants. We aimed to reveal the extent of discrepancies between oscillometric and direct BP. Study Design Infants who required continuous BP monitoring were prospectively enrolled. Direct and indirect BP were simultaneously recorded. Disposable BP cuffs matching one-half to ...
Elsner Claudia C Uppsala Child and Baby Lab, Department of Psychology, Uppsala University, 751 42 Uppsala, Sweden. Electronic address: - - 2014
This research investigated infants' online perception of give-me gestures during observation of a social interaction. In the first experiment, goal-directed eye movements of 12-month-olds were recorded as they observed a give-and-take interaction in which an object is passed from one individual to another. Infants' gaze shifts from the passing hand ...
Boxum Anke G AG University of Groningen, University Medical Center Groningen, Dept. Paediatrics - Developmental Neurology, Groningen, The - - 2014
Children with cerebral palsy (CP) have impaired postural control. Posture is controlled in two levels: direction-specificity, and fine-tuning of direction-specific adjustments, including recruitment order. Literature suggests that direction-specificity might be a prerequisite for independent sitting. To study development of postural adjustments in infants at very high risk for CP (VHR-infants) ...
Saleem Sarah S Department of Community Health Sciences, Aga Khan University, Karachi, Pakistan - - 2014
To quantify maternal, fetal and neonatal mortality in low- and middle-income countries, to identify when deaths occur and to identify relationships between maternal deaths and stillbirths and neonatal deaths. A prospective study of pregnancy outcomes was performed in 106 communities at seven sites in Argentina, Guatemala, India, Kenya, Pakistan and ...
Kim Kyoung-Eun KE Department of Child Welfare, Namseoul University, Chungcheongnam-do, South - - 2014
The purpose of this study is to test a model linking infant health problem, mother's depression and marital relationship to infant abuse. This study employed a cross-sectional survey design. Data were collected from 2009 Data of Index Studies for Korean Children and Adolescents Development. Survey data from 1,060 infants and ...
Lloyd Carrie A CA Psychology Department, Northern Illinois University, United States. Electronic address: - - 2014
Mother-infant interactions are important to infant development because they are predictive of infants' social, cognitive, and language development (Lamb, Bornstein, & Teti, 2002; Tamis-LeMonda, Bornstein, & Baumwell, 2001). Because maternal responsive and directive behaviors are associated with differential infant outcomes, it is important to investigate influences on mothers' provision of ...
Gerson Sarah A SA Radboud University Nijmegen Donders Institute for Brain, Cognition, and - - 2014
Understanding the actions of others depends on the insight that these actions are structured by intentional relations. In a number of conceptual domains, comparison with familiar instances has been shown to support children's and adults' ability to discern the relational structure of novel instances. Recent evidence suggests that this process ...
Wambach Jennifer A JA Edward Mallinckrodt Department of Pediatrics, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, MO. Electronic address: - - 2014
To determine whether synonymous variants in the adenosine triphosphate-binding cassette A3 transporter (ABCA3) gene increase the risk for neonatal respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) in term and late preterm infants of European and African descent. Using next-generation pooled sequencing of race-stratified DNA samples from infants of European and African descent at ...
Padrón Elena E Department of Clinical Psychology, California School of Professional - - 2014
The disorganized infant has been described as experiencing "fright without solution" (Hesse & Main, 1999, p. 484) within the attachment relationship. Using a sample at risk because of poverty (n = 157), this study evaluated the role of newborn characteristics in predicting disorganized attachment and explored the existence of 2 ...
Claxton Laura J LJ Department of Health and Kinesiology, Purdue University, West Lafayette, - - 2014
In typical daily life, adults routinely adapt posture so that balance can be maintained while other goal-directed activities are performed. Interestingly, newly standing infants also control posture based on the demands of a task. It is unknown if the ability to properly adapt postural movements as a goal-directed task is ...
Green Dorota D Department of Psychology, Uppsala University, Sweden. Electronic address: - - 2014
Why are infants able to anticipate occlusion events and other people's actions but not the movement of self-propelled objects? This study investigated infant and adult anticipatory gaze shifts during observation of self-propelled objects and human goal-directed actions. Six-month-old infants anticipated self-propelled balls but not human actions. This demonstrates that different ...
Hernik Mikolaj M Cognitive Development Center, Central European University, , 14 Hattyú utca, Budapest 1015, Hungary, Department of Clinical, Educational and Health Psychology, University College London, , Gower Street, London WC1E 6BT, - - 2014
Animal actions are almost universally constrained by the bilateral body-plan. For example, the direction of travel tends to be constrained by the orientation of the animal's anteroposterior axis. Hence, an animal's behaviour can reliably guide the identification of its front and back, and its orientation can reliably guide action prediction. ...
Matsunaka Reiko R Graduate School of Arts and Sciences, Department of General System Studies, The University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan ; CREST, Japan Science and Technology Agency, Saitama, - - 2014
Gaze direction cues and facial expressions have been shown to influence object processing in infants. For example, infants around 12 months of age utilize others' gaze directions and facial expressions to regulate their own behaviour toward an ambiguous target (i.e., social referencing). However, the mechanism by which social signals influence ...
Thorgrimsson Gudmundur B GB Communication Before Language Research Group, Max Planck Institute for Psycholinguistics Nijmegen, - - 2014
We investigated 14-month-old infants' expectations toward a third party addressee of communicative gestures and an instrumental action. Infants' eye movements were tracked as they observed a person (the Gesturer) point, direct a palm-up request gesture, or reach toward an object, and another person (the Addressee) respond by grasping it. Infants' ...
Brown Catherine R L - - 2014
To explore the reasons why women stop breastfeeding completely before their infants are six months of age and to identify the factors associated with cessation and the timing of cessation. For all singleton live newborns born between January 1, 2008 and December 31, 2009 in two district health authorities in ...
Araki Atsuko A Center for Environmental and Health Sciences, Hokkaido University, Sapporo, Hokkaido, - - 2014
Prenatal di(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP) exposure can produce reproductive toxicity in animal models. Only limited data exist from human studies on maternal DEHP exposure and its effects on infants. We aimed to examine the associations between DEHP exposure in utero and reproductive hormone levels in cord blood. Between 2002 and 2005, ...
Madre Chrystèle C Surgical Paediatric High Dependency Unit, AP-HP, Hôpital Robert Debré, 48 Boulevard Sérurier, 75019, Paris, - - 2013
Although the incidence of sudden unexpected death in infancy (SUDI) decreased markedly after campaigns to promote supine positioning during sleeping, it has remained unchanged over the last decade. Epidemiological data suggest a role for new causes such as suffocation, asphyxia, and entrapment. Health authorities in several countries have issued warnings ...
Kretch Kari S KS New York - - 2013
How does visual experience change over development? To investigate changes in visual input over the developmental transition from crawling to walking, thirty 13-month-olds crawled or walked down a straight path wearing a head-mounted eye tracker that recorded gaze direction and head-centered field of view. Thirteen additional infants wore a motion ...
Winiarska-Mieczan Anna A Department of Bromatology and Food Physiology, University of Life Sciences in Lublin, Akademicka 13, 20-950, Lublin, Poland, - - 2013
Mother's milk is the fundamental food for infants. It contains proteins, fat, carbohydrates and essential metals which are necessary to ensure correct functioning of the organism. Unfortunately, breast milk is a potential source of toxic metals, which are dangerous for a baby. In Poland, previous research concerning the content of ...
Karasik Lana B - - 2013
We examined mothers' verbal responses to their crawling or walking infants' object sharing (i.e. bids). Fifty mothers and their 13-month-olds were observed for 1 hour at home. Infants bid from a stationary position or they bid after carrying the object to their mothers. Mothers responded with affirmations (e.g. 'thank you'), descriptions ...
Bouhouch Raschida R RR Laboratory of Human Nutrition, ETH Zurich, Zurich, - - 2014
Iodine deficiency in infants can damage the developing brain and increase mortality. Present recommendations state that oral iodised oil should be given to breastfeeding mothers to correct iodine deficiency in infancy when iodised salt is not available, and that direct supplementation should be given to infants who are not being ...
Bolnga John W - - 2013
To assess the frequency, causes, and reporting of maternal deaths at a provincial referral hospital in coastal Papua New Guinea (PNG), and to describe delays in care. In a structured retrospective review of maternal deaths at Modilon General Hospital, Madang, PNG, registers and case notes for the period January 2008 ...
Lee Mei-Hua - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to investigate the influence of contingent auditory feedback on the development of infant reaching. Eleven full-term infants were observed biweekly from the age of 10 weeks to 16 weeks, and their arm kinematics were recorded. Auditory feedback that was contingent on arm kinematics was ...
Schaumburg Frieder - - 2013
Staphylococcus aureus colonization is a risk factor for invasive disease. There is a need to understand Staphylococcus aureus colonization in infancy as the burden of S. aureus infections in infants is high. We aimed to investigate the transmission of S. aureus between mothers and their newborns during one year after ...
Liu Fang F Department of Pediatrics, NICU, Bethune International Peace Hospital, Shijiazhuang 050082, Hebei Province, - - 2013
Length and thickness of 152 corpus callosa were measured in neonates within 24 hours of birth. Using ultrasonic diagnostic equipment with a neonatal brain-specific probe, corpus callosum length and thickness of the genu, body, and splenium were measured on the standard mid-sagittal plane, and the anteroposterior diameter of the genu ...
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