Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 589
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Cooke Fiona J - - 2002
BACKGROUND: The morbidity and nuisance factor associated with bites from mosquitoes and other insects are one of the many hazards faced by travelers, including those to the Arctic. A predeparture literature review suggested that insect bites were such a large problem in the area to be visited that they would ...
Queller Sarah - - 2002
A distributed connectionist network can account for both bookkeeping (M. Rothbart, 1981) and subtyping (M. B. Brewer, V. Dull, & L. Lui, 1981; S. E. Taylor, 1981) effects. The finding traditionally regarded as demonstrating subtyping is that exposure to moderate (compared with extreme) disconfirmers leads to subsequent ratings of the ...
Hwang Kyu-Yoon - - 2002
In this study, the authors explored acute paraquat intoxication and determined potential factors related to paraquat fatalities. During 1999, 154 patients with paraquat intoxication were admitted to the Institute of Pesticide Poisoning at the Soonchunhyang University Chunan Hospital. The authors assessed paraquat exposure by quantifying the amount of ingested paraquat ...
Moira Chan-Yeung - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Allergic sensitization is a major risk factor in asthma. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of and compliance to intervention measures in reducing levels of house-dust mite and cat allergen in the context of a randomized, controlled study in the primary prevention of asthma. METHODS: A total of 545 high-risk ...
Le Souëf Peter - - 2002
Longitudinal studies, starting in infancy, provide an opportunity to assess risk factors prior to long-term exposure to environmental factors. The status of the infant soon after birth is determined by genetic background and factors related to in utero influences. As a result of recent advances in molecular biology, the genetic ...
Warner J O - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Because asthma is not a curable condition, the development of strategies for prevention of the disease has a high priority. Atopic dermatitis is a common precursor to the development of asthma, and 2 studies have suggested that the use of an H(1) receptor antagonist might reduce the development of ...
Iliev Y - - 2001
The severe recession in Bulgaria which followed the collapse of the totalitarian regime in 1989 had an unfavourable impact on the health status of the population. Systematic studies of acute poisoning mortality rate in the transitional period (1990-98) are scarce in the post-totalitarian Eastern European countries and are lacking in ...
Paterson W S - - 2001
Thermal expansion of the oceans, as well as melting of glaciers, ice sheets and ice caps have been the main contributors to global sea level rise over the past century. The greatest uncertainty in predicting future sea level changes lies with our estimates of the mass balance of the ice ...
Wöhrl S - - 2001
A young girl presented with a hypopigmentation in the shape of the sun. During a holiday in Egypt 3 months before a non-permanent henna tattoo had been applied on her right upper arm. Three to 4 days later there was a severe cutaneous reaction followed by massive swelling of the ...
Custovic A - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Asthma places huge demands on health-care services, and its prevalence is increasing. Reduction of exposure to environmental allergens could offer a realistic chance for primary prevention. Our aim was to ascertain whether or not living in a low-allergen environment reduces the risk of asthma and atopic diseases in infants. ...
Kuhn S L - - 2001
Two sites located on the northern Levantine coast, Uça─čizli Cave (Turkey) and Ksar 'Akil (Lebanon) have yielded numerous marine shell beads in association with early Upper Paleolithic stone tools. Accelerator mass spectrometry (AMS) radiocarbon dates indicate ages between 39,000 and 41,000 radiocarbon years (roughly 41,000-43,000 calendar years) for the oldest ...
Schatz M - - 2001
The purpose of this study was to evaluate mental and psychomotor development in infants of mothers whose asthma was actively managed during pregnancy and to compare the results with those froms infants of non-asthmatic mothers. Bayley Scales were assessed at age 15 +/- 3 months in 379 infants of asthmatic ...
Gajate P - - 2001
The Health Administration Agencies of many municipalities in Greater Buenos Aires (GBA) receive frequent reports on triatomines in houses. The aim of this work was to identify and describe the dispersal foci of Triatoma infestans in an urban neighborhood of GBA, and contribute to the knowledge of the epidemiological situation ...
Ahlers G - - 2001
We present measurements of the Nusselt number N as a function of the Rayleigh number R and the Prandtl number sigma in cylindrical cells with aspect ratios gamma = 0.5 and 1.0. We used acetone, methanol, ethanol, and 2-propanol with Prandtl numbers sigma = 4.0, 6.5, 14.2, and 34.1, respectively, ...
Azevedo I - - 2001
Although studies examining the serum suggest a role for eosinophils in wheezing episodes in infants and toddlers, the presence of a chronic eosinophilic inflammation within their airways remains to be demonstrated. In this study we investigated whether eosinophil cationic protein (ECP) levels are increased in BAL fluid (BALF) from infants ...
Morton R L - - 2001
BACKGROUND: The infant with persistent or recurrent wheezing during the first 2 years of life poses a diagnostic dilemma, which can be a source of anxiety to both physicians and parents. A suggested diagnostic approach to the causes of infantile wheezing is outlined. OBJECTIVES: 1. To review the physiologic considerations ...
Liu S - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: We examined the relationship between asthma during pregnancy and selected infant and maternal outcomes. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective cohort study was conducted on mother-infant dyads identified from a linked infant and maternal hospital discharge database in the Canadian province of Quebec between fiscal years 1991-1992 and 1995-1996. Mothers with ...
Guimarães C T - - 2001
Several species of snails, including Pomacea haustrum, Marisa cornuarietis and Helisoma duryi, have been identified as probable competitors and/or predators of planorbid intermediate hosts of Schistosoma. During the last few years, studies carried out in the Caribbean region have shown reductions and even disappearances of populations of Biomphalaria glabrata and ...
Cobb G P - - 2001
Forensic evaluation of aldicarb exposure is difficult due to the rapid hydrolysis and oxidation of the parent compound. Oxidation products-aldicarb sulfoxide and aldicarb sulfone-are commonly analyzed, but hydrolytic products-aldicarb nitrile, aldicarb nitrile sulfoxide, aldicarb nitrile sulfone-are infrequently analyzed even though they are the primary stable products of aldicarb degradation. Nitrile ...
Blic J - - 2000
The inability to accurately predict the outcome of infants with recurrent wheezy bronchitis makes the early use of inhaled corticosteroids (ICS) controversial. Data from bronchoalveolar lavages and epidemiological surveys suggest a persistent inflammation of the airways in the more severe cases. Prospective studies, mostly with nebulized corticosteroids, have demonstrated clinical ...
Ratjen F - - 2000
Concentrations of nitric oxide (NO) in exhaled air are increased in children and adults with asthma, and NO measurements are used as a non-invasive marker to monitor airway inflammation in these patients. To define the role of NO in infants with acute wheezy bronchitis, we measured nasal and end-tidal NO ...
Schieber J - - 2000
Mudstone--the most abundant sedimentary rock type, composed primarily of clay- or silt-sized particles--contains most of the quartz found in sedimentary rocks. These quartz grains, which are chemically and mechanically resistant and therefore preserve their characteristics well, have long been considered to be derived from the continental crust. Here we analyse ...
Chan-Yeung M - - 2000
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of asthma has increased in developed countries in the past 2 decades. The effectiveness of intervention measures on the primary prevention of asthma has not been well studied. OBJECTIVE: To assess the effectiveness of a multifaceted intervention program in the primary prevention of asthma in high-risk infants ...
Bosken C H - - 2000
The relationship between respiratory infection and allergy as risk factors for the development of wheezing illnesses in infants has been in dispute. We hypothesized that a parental history of allergic diseases would be associated with an increased rate of respiratory infections as well as an increased rate of wheezing during ...
Miller D M - - 2000
An aqueous extract of German cockroach, Blattella germanica (L.), fecal material was evaluated for inducing trail-following behavior in German cockroaches. In arena tests the fecal extract was found to stimulate trail following in 74% of adult male cockroaches. Significantly fewer cockroaches (22%) followed water-treated (control) trails. Residual activity of the ...
Davis J M - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To examine the long-term effects of treatment with recombinant human CuZn superoxide dismutase (rhSOD) in infants enrolled previously in two placebo-controlled trials. STUDY DESIGN: Records for 46 (88%) infants were examined, with 19 infants having received either single or multiple intratracheal (i.t.) doses of placebo, 12 having received a ...
Nie P - - 2000
Cyprinid fish, Hemiculter leucisculus, Cultrichthys erythropterus and Culter dabryi, were sampled from Liangzi, Honghu and Tangxun lakes in the flood plain of the Yangtze River. The cestode Bothriocephalus acheilognathi Yamaguti, 1934 was found in the 3 lakes, but C. erythropterus sampled from Liangzi lake was found uninfected due probably to ...
Gereda J E - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Bacterial endotoxin is known to induce interferon gamma and interleukin 12 production, and therefore has the potential to decrease allergen sensitisation. To find out the role of early chronic endotoxin exposure in the development of allergen sensitisation and asthma, we compared concentrations of endotoxin in house dust with allergen ...
Zhu S - - 2000
Polymorphisms in the TNF-alpha (A-308G), IL-4 (C-589T), and Fcalpha RIbeta (E237G) genes have been associated with asthma and related phenotypes. To determine the predictive value of these polymorphisms we have assessed their relative risk (RR) for the development of atopy, asthma, and rhinitis in a high-risk infant population that is ...
Kurtoglu S - - 2000
In this study, 72 newborn infants who were followed with the diagnosis of poisoning in Erciyes University Faculty of Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, Division of Neonatology, between 1975 and 1997 were evaluated retrospectively. Our purpose was to emphasize the importance of newborn poisoning among general poisoning in childhood. The age ...
Sidenius K E - - 2000
Many studies of asthma mortality rely on official registration. The aim of this study was to evaluate the accuracy of death certificates, where asthma was coded as cause of death. In a 12-month period, medical information on all subjects with asthma officially coded as the underlying cause of death in ...
Steffensen F H - - 2000
Gestational factors have been hypothesized to play a role in the susceptibility to asthma and atopic dermatitis. We examined whether fetal growth was associated with asthma and atopic dermatitis separately in a population of 4,795 male conscripts born between 1973 and 1975 in Denmark. The prevalence of asthma was 4.7%. ...
Ponsonby A L - - 2000
Our aim was to examine the contribution of an infant's indoor environment to childhood asthma using prospective data. We conducted a cross-sectional asthma survey in 1995 on 92% (6,378/6,911) of 7-year-olds in Tasmania, Australia. We linked these data with data collected in 1988 as part of the Tasmanian Infant Health ...
Mroz L S - - 2000
Parents frequently utilize baby walkers in their infants of approximately 5-15 mo of age and create opportunities for traumatic accidents. Healthcare professionals have tried to increase awareness of their dangers; despite this, between 1986 and 1991 reported walker-related accidents rose 45%. We determined if walkers were a significant contributor to ...
Källén B - - 2000
To study delivery outcome in women with asthma, using Swedish health registers. Women with asthma were identified in two ways: by information in interviews performed by midwives at the pregnant woman's first visit to antenatal care, and by linkage between a medical birth register and a hospital discharge register, identifying ...
Le Souëf P - - 2000
Infants who wheeze are likely to have narrowed or overly compliant airways rather than atopy. After around 3 years of age, airway responsiveness and atopy are associated with the development of wheeze and the diagnosis of asthma. Anti- or proinflammatory genes are likely to be responsible for at least part ...
Fahy J V - - 2000
An important advance in our understanding of the pathophysiology of asthma has been the discovery that airway inflammation is not confined to severe asthma but also characterizes mild and moderate asthma. Inflammation in asthma may be the result of a peculiar type of lymphocytic inflammation whereby Th2 lymphocytes secrete cytokines ...
Ehlenfield D R - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: Bronchiolitis in infancy is viewed as a risk factor for childhood asthma, but factors predicting which infants will have persistent wheezing have not been identified. In addition, the nature of the association between the 2 conditions is uncertain. We wished to determine whether eosinophil counts at the time of ...
Mendoza-Dominguez A - - 2000
A spatially and temporally resolved biogenic hydrocarbon and nitrogen oxides (NOx) emissions inventory has been developed for a region along the Mexico-U.S. border area. Average daily biogenic non-methane organic gases (NMOG) emissions for the 1700 x 1000 km2 domain were estimated at 23,800 metric tons/day (62% from Mexico and 38% ...
Golbabaei F - - 2000
This study was conducted to assess various environmental exposure measurements (total dust, ammonia and endotoxin) of poultry workers at the province of Isfahan, Iran. The results show that the workers who worked in enclosed systems of parent stock barns have the highest exposure to total and respirable dust: 21.3 +/- ...
Young S - - 2000
Reports have suggested that certain infants are predisposed to wheezing in the first 2 yrs of life due to abnormal lung function, prior to the first wheezing illness. The authors investigated the association between infant lung function and wheeze during the first 2 yrs of life. A cohort of 253 ...
Köhler M - - 1999
In this paper, we provide evidence that contrary to the current view, primates on the European continent did survive the dramatic extinction/origination event across the Eocene/Oligocene boundary 34 million years ago that severely affected the Eurasian mammal communities (the European "Grande Coupure" and the Asian "Mongolian Remodeling"). The survival of ...
Groll A H - - 1999
Merck is developing the echinocandin-type antifungal, MK-0991 (L-743872), a beta-1,3-glucan synthesis inhibitor. It is currently undergoing phase III trials for the potential treatment of systemic fungal infections. The compound entered phase II clinical trials in late 1996. It was administered iv once daily and showed antifungal activity in vitro and ...
Leadbitter P - - 1999
BACKGROUND: A study was undertaken to investigate the relationship between birth anthropometric measures and the subsequent development of asthma, airway hyperresponsiveness, and atopy in later childhood. METHODS: A longitudinal study was performed on 734 subjects (71%) from a cohort of children born in Dunedin, New Zealand in 1972-73. The birth ...
Bose T K - - 1999
Yellow oleander (Thevetia neriifolia) is a commonly grown tree found widely in Eastern India. The seeds of yellow oleander are highly poisonous and contain three glycosides--thevetin, thevetoxin and peruvoside. Yellow oleander seed ingestion is usually with suicidal intent in Eastern India. Manifestations range from mild to potentially fatal. It has ...
Sheikh S - - 1999
The relation between silent gastroesophageal reflux (GER) and respiratory problems such as persistent wheezing in infants is not well-established. Between January 1994 and June 1997, we evaluated the incidence of GER in 84 otherwise healthy infants referred to the Pediatric Pulmonary Medicine Division at Kosair Children's Hospital for evaluation of ...
- - 1999
Carbon monoxide (CO) is an odorless, colorless, nonirritating gas produced by the incomplete combustion of carbon-based fuels. CO exposure is responsible for more fatal unintentional poisonings in the United States than any other agent, with the highest incidence occurring during the cold-weather months (1 ). Although most of these deaths ...
Chan-Yeung M - - 1999
BACKGROUND: Cord blood mononuclear cells (CBMNCs) have been found to proliferate when stimulated with food or inhalant allergens. The significance of this finding is not known. OBJECTIVES: We sought to determine the factors associated with proliferation of CBMNCs when stimulated with house dust mite (HDM) allergen and to determine whether ...
Cantani A - - 1999
Bronchiolitis is a common disease of the lower respiratory tract of infants, resulting from inflammatory obstruction of the small airways. It is a predominant viral illness, in which the RSV (respiratory syncytial virus) is the agent in more that 50% of cases. It is not known how many children with ...
Pastuszka J S - - 1999
This work constitutes the first report on the concentration of airborne respirable fibers, and their length distribution in different groups of homes in Sosnowiec, Poland. The measurements have been made by using the MIE Laser Fiber Monitor FM-7400. Mean concentration level of the respirable fibers, longer than 5 microns, ranged ...
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