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Results 301 - 350 of 572
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Tarduno John A - - 2003
The Hawaiian-Emperor hotspot track has a prominent bend, which has served as the basis for the theory that the Hawaiian hotspot, fixed in the deep mantle, traced a change in plate motion. However, paleomagnetic and radiometric age data from samples recovered by ocean drilling define an age-progressive paleolatitude history, indicating ...
Klinnert Mary D - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: This study describes morbidity attributable to wheezing illness in a multi-ethnic sample of low-income infants younger than age 2, and examines biological, environmental, and psychosocial correlates of morbidity indexes. METHOD: Infants 9 to 24 months old, considered at risk for developing asthma on the basis of having had 3 ...
Moffat Kelly S - - 2003
This study was designed to evaluate the efficacy of a citronella bark collar and a new, scentless spray bark collar in a veterinary hospital or a similar kennel-type environment. Forty-one dogs were included in the study. The efficacy of each collar was evaluated independently in comparison to control as well ...
Kunkel G - - 2003
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: The mechanical aerosol generator, MAGhaler, is a new chlorofluorocarbon-free inhalation device. The objective of this trial was to show equivalent efficacy and safety of beclomethasone dipropionate (BDP) delivered via the MAGhaler and the metered-dose inhaler (MDI) in patients with mild to moderate bronchial asthma. Moreover, user-friendliness and acceptance of ...
Gustafsson P M - - 2003
The aim of the study was to assess how deep into the acinar region the airway response to cold dry-air hyperventilation challenge (CACh) reaches in subjects with asthma of different severity. Peripheral airway function was measured using a single-breath sulphur hexafluoride (SF6) and helium (He) washout test and overall airway ...
Islam Muhammad Nurul - - 2003
In Bangladesh all poisoning death cases are recorded as unnatural death and medico-legal autopsy is routine. This paper investigates the pattern, trend and incidence of unnatural poisoning deaths attended in Sir Salimullah Medical College Mortuary, Dhaka, Bangladesh from January 1, 1988 to December 31, 1997. A total of 2534 medico-legal ...
Hofhuis W - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Controversy remains regarding the effectiveness of bronchodilators in wheezy infants. AIMS: To assess the effect of inhaled beta(2) agonists on lung function in infants with malacia or recurrent wheeze, and to determine whether a negative effect of beta(2) agonists on forced expiratory flow (V'(maxFRC)) is more pronounced in infants ...
Littner Yoav - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether the absolute nucleated red blood cell and lymphocyte count is elevated in term, appropriate-for-gestational-age infants born to women with asthma. STUDY DESIGN: We compared absolute nucleated red blood cell counts taken during the first 12 hours of life in two ...
Weinberg Laurence - - 2003
A patient was admitted to the emergency department with a reduced level of consciousness and deteriorating vision. Her pupils became fixed and dilated and she developed a third nerve palsy with extensor posturing of her limbs. Biochemistry profile showed an increased serum osmolar gap with a raised anion gap metabolic ...
Horowitz B Zane - - 2003
In 1845 the Franklin expedition left London with 2 ships and 134 men on board in an attempt to find the route through the Northwest Passage. The ships were built with state-of-the-art technology for their day, but provisioned with supplies from the lowest bidder. After taking on fresh provisions in ...
Yamasaki A - - 2003
The chronic inflammation of bronchial asthma is characterized by swelling of the subepithelial mucosa. However, it is difficult to assess subepithelial edema clinically. We report the case of a patient with asthma whose subepithelial edema was evaluated by endobronchial ultrasonography. Receiving montelukast 10 mg/day for 2 weeks, a 42-year-old man ...
Tatemichi Masayuki - - 2003
The usefulness of serology against CagA of Helicobacter pylori as a biomarker to identify high-risk individuals for non-cardia gastric cancer (ncGC) remains unclear among several ethnic populations with a high prevalence of cagA-positive strains. We investigated ethnic differences of CagA serology in two sets of case-control subjects, Japanese-Brazilians (JB) and ...
Roberts Darren M - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: To assess in a developing Asian country the impact of pesticide regulation on the number of deaths from poisoning. These regulations, which were implemented in Sri Lanka from the 1970s, aimed to reduce the number of deaths - the majority from self-poisoning - by limiting the availability and use ...
Bez C - - 2003
Bronchial hyperreactivity (BHR) is a key feature of asthma, but measurement can usually not be achieved in infants with standard lung function tests. We investigated the safety and tolerability of methacholine challenge in infants with recurrent wheezing episodes. 78 methacholine challenges in 51 sedated infants aged 12-36 months with recurrent ...
Jones A P - - 2003
This study was undertaken to determine the relationship between genetic factors, early life environmental exposures, and the prevalence of atopic disorders in infants. 402 children attending schools in rural Essex were sampled in June 1999. Logistic regression models were fitted to examine the association between asthma, eczema, and rhinitis prevalence ...
Pola Roberto - - 2003
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is characterized by deposition of oxidized low-density lipoprotein (LDL) forming the senile plaque and by structural changes and cell death in acetylcholine-producing neurons. Paraoxonase-1 (PON-1) is a secreted protein primarily associated with high-density lipoproteins (HDL) and participates in the prevention of LDL oxidation. PON-1 is also an ...
Gent Janneane F - - 2002
We assessed prospectively the risk of increased incidence of respiratory symptoms after exposure to particular fungal genera in a susceptible population--namely, infants (n = 880) at high risk for developing asthma. Days of wheeze or persistent cough, information on maternal allergy and asthma, socioeconomic variables, and housing characteristics were collected ...
Cecere M C - - 2002
The long-term effects on domiciliary reinfestation by Triatoma infestans of smoothing the plaster of indoor walls prior to insecticide application (in Amamá village) relative to only insecticide application (in Trinidad-Mercedes villages) were evaluated in rural northwestern Argentina from 1992 to 1997. All domestic and peridomestic areas of each house were ...
de Boer R - - 2002
BACKGROUND: To avoid allergen exposure of newborn babies, the use of a new mattress for the baby bed may be recommended. However, it is not certain that new mattresses are always free of allergens. OBJECTIVE: In the present study the allergen content of new infant mattresses was investigated. METHODS: Dust ...
Reichenbach Janine - - 2002
BACKGROUND: High levels of serum eosinophil cationic protein (sECP) as a marker of eosinophilic airway inflammation have been described as a predictor of childhood asthma. Bronchial hyperreactivity (BHR) appears to be secondary to the release of inflammatory mediators. OBJECTIVE: We investigated the possible correlation between eosinophilic inflammation and BHR in ...
Mankin R W - - 2002
A portable, low-frequency acoustic system was used to detect termite infestations in urban trees. The likelihood of infestation was rated independently by a computer program and an experienced listener that distinguished insect sounds from background noises. Because soil is a good insulator, termite sounds could be detected easily underneath infested ...
May K L - - 2002
Mortality statistics regarding asthma and COPD (in the older age groups) are probably lower due to the misplacement of underlying and additional causes of death in the death certificates. To check this possibility, all death certificates over one year were reviewed(20.881) in Warsaw. In 1,431 cases (6.85%) the medical diagnoses ...
Kierdorf H - - 2002
We determined lead concentrations in antlers (n = 132) of roe bucks > or = 2 years of age, killed between 1951 and 1999 in the northern Ruhr area, Germany. The lead content of the antlers ranged between 0.6 and 19.0 mg/kg dry weight of bone, and overall markedly declined ...
Kimura Yuki - - 2002
The lithic analysis of the Bed I and II assemblages from Olduvai Gorge reveals both static and dynamic time trends in early hominids' technology from 1.8 to 1.2 m.y.a. The Bed I Oldowan (1.87-1.75 m.y.a.) is characterized by the least effort strategy in terms of raw material exploitation and tool ...
Mezzari Adelina - - 2002
Knowledge of anemophilous fungi in a given city or region is important for the ecological diagnosis and specific treatment of allergic manifestations induced by inhaled allergens. In order to diagnose the presence of anemophilous fungi, several qualitative and quantitative techniques are used depending on the study place. This study of ...
Tait Paul A - - 2002
A preterm infant born to a woman with chronic lead poisoning was found to have the highest blood lead level recorded for a surviving neonate. Parenteral calcium disodium edetate, but not oral succimer, was effective in reducing the infant's lead burden in the neonatal period. An exposure assessment revealed the ...
Wu Kongming - - 2002
The density of Helicoverpa armigera (Hübner) populations on Bacillus thuringiensis Berliner (Bt) transgenic cotton, corn, peanut, and soybean; differences in its development on Bt cotton and common (nontransgenic) cotton; and the potential for mating among populations from Bt cotton fields and other crop fields were investigated in the suburbs of ...
Salerno Ana Paula - - 2002
Rhodnius prolixus oocyte extracts were chromatographed on an ion exchange column in order to purify vitellin (VT). Three VT heterogeneous populations were identified and named VT(1), VT(2), and VT(3) according to their order of elution from the column. The phosphate content of each population was determined, after lipid extraction, and ...
Benn Christine Stabell - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Infants with wheezing and allergic diseases have a microflora that differs from that of healthy infants. The fetus acquires microorganisms during birth when exposed to the maternal vaginal microflora. It is therefore conceivable that the maternal vaginal microflora might influence the establishment of the infant flora and, as a ...
Oddy Wendy H - - 2002
Controversy surrounds the issue of whether children with asthmatic mothers should be breast-fed. The aim of this study was to investigate whether maternal asthma status alters the association between asthma and breast-feeding. In a cohort study of 2602 West Australian children enrolled before birth and followed prospectively, we collected data ...
Zhao Yuanjun - - 2002
A new species of myxosporean (Sinuolineidae), Davisia hexagrammi n. sp. from marine fishes collected from the coasts off Qingdao (Tsingtao) and Rongcheng on the Yellow Sea coast and Laizhou Bay, China, is described. Both spores and plasmodia were found in the urinary bladder of two hosts, Hexagrammos otakii Jordan & ...
Zechmeister Jeanne S - - 2002
Participants wrote 2 narratives that described an incident in which they angered or hurt someone (offender) or in which someone angered or hurt them (victim) and the offense was forgiven or not forgiven. Victims portrayed the offense as continuing (open), and offenders portrayed the offense as over (closed). Forgiveness narratives ...
Elphick H E - - 2002
Computerised breath sounds analysis was used to assess the response of infants with wheeze and ruttles to the drug ipratropium bromide. A mean decrease in breath sounds intensity occurred in infants with ruttles after five minutes (20.5 dB), but not until 20 minutes in those with wheeze (8.1 dB). This ...
Cooke Fiona J - - 2002
BACKGROUND: The morbidity and nuisance factor associated with bites from mosquitoes and other insects are one of the many hazards faced by travelers, including those to the Arctic. A predeparture literature review suggested that insect bites were such a large problem in the area to be visited that they would ...
Queller Sarah - - 2002
A distributed connectionist network can account for both bookkeeping (M. Rothbart, 1981) and subtyping (M. B. Brewer, V. Dull, & L. Lui, 1981; S. E. Taylor, 1981) effects. The finding traditionally regarded as demonstrating subtyping is that exposure to moderate (compared with extreme) disconfirmers leads to subsequent ratings of the ...
Hwang Kyu-Yoon - - 2002
In this study, the authors explored acute paraquat intoxication and determined potential factors related to paraquat fatalities. During 1999, 154 patients with paraquat intoxication were admitted to the Institute of Pesticide Poisoning at the Soonchunhyang University Chunan Hospital. The authors assessed paraquat exposure by quantifying the amount of ingested paraquat ...
Moira Chan-Yeung - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Allergic sensitization is a major risk factor in asthma. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of and compliance to intervention measures in reducing levels of house-dust mite and cat allergen in the context of a randomized, controlled study in the primary prevention of asthma. METHODS: A total of 545 high-risk ...
Le Souëf Peter - - 2002
Longitudinal studies, starting in infancy, provide an opportunity to assess risk factors prior to long-term exposure to environmental factors. The status of the infant soon after birth is determined by genetic background and factors related to in utero influences. As a result of recent advances in molecular biology, the genetic ...
Warner J O - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Because asthma is not a curable condition, the development of strategies for prevention of the disease has a high priority. Atopic dermatitis is a common precursor to the development of asthma, and 2 studies have suggested that the use of an H(1) receptor antagonist might reduce the development of ...
Iliev Y - - 2001
The severe recession in Bulgaria which followed the collapse of the totalitarian regime in 1989 had an unfavourable impact on the health status of the population. Systematic studies of acute poisoning mortality rate in the transitional period (1990-98) are scarce in the post-totalitarian Eastern European countries and are lacking in ...
Paterson W S - - 2001
Thermal expansion of the oceans, as well as melting of glaciers, ice sheets and ice caps have been the main contributors to global sea level rise over the past century. The greatest uncertainty in predicting future sea level changes lies with our estimates of the mass balance of the ice ...
Wöhrl S - - 2001
A young girl presented with a hypopigmentation in the shape of the sun. During a holiday in Egypt 3 months before a non-permanent henna tattoo had been applied on her right upper arm. Three to 4 days later there was a severe cutaneous reaction followed by massive swelling of the ...
Custovic A - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Asthma places huge demands on health-care services, and its prevalence is increasing. Reduction of exposure to environmental allergens could offer a realistic chance for primary prevention. Our aim was to ascertain whether or not living in a low-allergen environment reduces the risk of asthma and atopic diseases in infants. ...
Kuhn S L - - 2001
Two sites located on the northern Levantine coast, Uça─čizli Cave (Turkey) and Ksar 'Akil (Lebanon) have yielded numerous marine shell beads in association with early Upper Paleolithic stone tools. Accelerator mass spectrometry (AMS) radiocarbon dates indicate ages between 39,000 and 41,000 radiocarbon years (roughly 41,000-43,000 calendar years) for the oldest ...
Schatz M - - 2001
The purpose of this study was to evaluate mental and psychomotor development in infants of mothers whose asthma was actively managed during pregnancy and to compare the results with those froms infants of non-asthmatic mothers. Bayley Scales were assessed at age 15 +/- 3 months in 379 infants of asthmatic ...
Gajate P - - 2001
The Health Administration Agencies of many municipalities in Greater Buenos Aires (GBA) receive frequent reports on triatomines in houses. The aim of this work was to identify and describe the dispersal foci of Triatoma infestans in an urban neighborhood of GBA, and contribute to the knowledge of the epidemiological situation ...
Ahlers G - - 2001
We present measurements of the Nusselt number N as a function of the Rayleigh number R and the Prandtl number sigma in cylindrical cells with aspect ratios gamma = 0.5 and 1.0. We used acetone, methanol, ethanol, and 2-propanol with Prandtl numbers sigma = 4.0, 6.5, 14.2, and 34.1, respectively, ...
Azevedo I - - 2001
Although studies examining the serum suggest a role for eosinophils in wheezing episodes in infants and toddlers, the presence of a chronic eosinophilic inflammation within their airways remains to be demonstrated. In this study we investigated whether eosinophil cationic protein (ECP) levels are increased in BAL fluid (BALF) from infants ...
Morton R L - - 2001
BACKGROUND: The infant with persistent or recurrent wheezing during the first 2 years of life poses a diagnostic dilemma, which can be a source of anxiety to both physicians and parents. A suggested diagnostic approach to the causes of infantile wheezing is outlined. OBJECTIVES: 1. To review the physiologic considerations ...
Liu S - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: We examined the relationship between asthma during pregnancy and selected infant and maternal outcomes. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective cohort study was conducted on mother-infant dyads identified from a linked infant and maternal hospital discharge database in the Canadian province of Quebec between fiscal years 1991-1992 and 1995-1996. Mothers with ...
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