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Results 251 - 300 of 552
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Mohanty Manoj Kumar - - 2004
To determine the various factors involved in poisoning deaths, a 10-y retrospective review of 335 cases were carried out. There was an increasing trend in number of poisoning deaths from 1993-94 to 1999-2000, followed by a decline trend the last 2 y (2001-02). Ninety-one percent of the deaths were due ...
Gehring U - - 2004
East-West differences in prevalence of asthma and allergies were suggested to be associated with lifestyle factors. To describe endotoxin levels in mattress dust samples from East and West German homes collected approximately 10 years after reunification. To identify factors that may account for an East-West difference. Dust was collected from ...
van Strien Robert T - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Effects of nitrogen dioxide (NO2) on respiratory health have been the subject of extensive research. The outcomes of these studies were not consistent. Exposure to nitrous acid, which is a primary product of combustion, and is also formed when NO2 reacts with water, may play an important role in ...
Karr Catherine - - 2004
Bronchiolitis is the leading cause of infant morbidity, and hospitalization rates are rising. The effect of this disease is not limited to the acute illness episode. Approximately 40% to 50% of children diagnosed with bronchiolitis suffer from subsequent wheezing and airway reactivity or asthma. Attempts to address the burden of ...
Trevillian L F - - 2004
There is increasing evidence for a role for bedding items in the development of asthma. The use of some forms of synthetic bedding, such as foam mattresses and pillows, is associated with a significantly increased risk of childhood wheeze. Our aim was to examine prospectively whether the use of synthetic ...
Emenius G - - 2004
AIM: The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between indoor exposures and the home environment, and the development of recurrent wheezing during infancy. METHODS: A birth cohort, comprising 4089 children, was followed. Information on exposures was obtained shortly after birth, and episodes of wheezing were recorded when ...
Westropp Jodi L - - 2004
Many indoor-housed cats seem to survive perfectly well by accommodating to less than perfect surroundings. Neuroendocrine abnormalities in the cats we treat, however, do not seem to permit adaptive capacity of healthy cats, so these cats may be considered a separate population with greater needs. Moreover, veterinarians are concerned more ...
Laerum B N - - 2004
Studies of birth characteristics and respiratory outcomes show contradictory findings. We wanted to investigate the association of birth weight with adult lung function as well as asthma symptoms while addressing the influence of demographic and environmental factors. Data was collected from the birth records of 1683 men and women born ...
Pinto Jayant M - - 2004
We previously showed that individuals with seasonal allergy have a reduced ability to condition air, which was improved by nasal inflammation. We also showed that subjects with asthma have a reduced ability to condition air. Because individuals with asthma usually have inflammation in the nose, we hypothesized that treatment with ...
Leiro J - - 2004
This study investigated the in vitro effects of the polyphenols resveratrol, mangiferin and (-)-epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG) on the histiophagous ciliate Philasterides dicentrarchi, which causes fatal scuticociliatosis in farmed turbot Scophthalmus maximus L. Of the 3 polyphenols, resveratrol showed strongest antiprotozoal activity, reducing ciliate density after 1 wk culture by, on average, ...
Landrigan Philip J - - 2004
The attack on the World Trade Center (WTC) created an acute environmental disaster of enormous magnitude. This study characterizes the environmental exposures resulting from destruction of the WTC and assesses their effects on health. Methods include ambient air sampling; analyses of outdoor and indoor settled dust; high-altitude imaging and modeling ...
Yamada Yumi - - 2004
Creola bodies (CrBs) have been shown to be present specifically in the sputum of adults with asthma, and are clinically useful in the estimation of airway hyper-responsiveness through correlation with the levels of eosinophil cationic protein in the sputum. Our aim was to investigate whether CrBs can be detected in ...
Lim Hyun-Sul - - 2004
Both airborne asbestos and non-asbestos fiber concentrations were evaluated in Korean non-occupational environments. The airborne fiber concentrations were analyzed in 96 air samples, from 48 different points, by transmission electron microscopy, with energy-dispersive X-ray analysis. The geometric means of the airborne asbestos and non-asbestos fiber concentrations were 0.62 and 67.86, ...
Kupiainen Kaarle - - 2004
Springtime urban road dust forms one of the most serious problems regarding air pollution in Finland. The composition and origin of springtime dust was studied in southern Finland with two different methods. Suspended particles (PM10 and TSP) were collected with high volume particle samplers and particle deposition was collected with ...
Townley R G - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Exposure to infectious diseases may reduce the development of asthma or allergy. In particular, the role of the BCG vaccine in modulating asthma or allergy has been a source of speculation. OBJECTIVE: To study newborns from 3 international sites to evaluate the prospective effect of BCG vaccine on allergic ...
Pande T K - - 2004
Poisoning by white or yellow phosphorus is reported in various forms and also in ages varying from infants to adults, but spontaneous combustion and explosion during its management has never been described. This incidence occurred while attempting to pass a Ryle's tube. Its free end first exhibited a yellow flame ...
Bratthauer Gary L - - 2004
Ductal intraepithelial neoplasia (DIN) is descriptive of in situ breast lesions from usual ductal hyperplasia (UDH) to advanced ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS). A total of 2628 cases of DIN diagnosed at the Armed Forces Institute of Pathology were separated based on their grade. These were assessed for the presence ...
Eid Nemr S - - 2004
The infant or child presenting to the physician's office with persistent or recurrent wheezing during the first two year's of life poses a diagnostic dilemma. A careful medical history should document risk factors for persistent wheezing, including maternal smoking, feeding practices, environmental history, and family history of asthma or cystic ...
Stanaland Brett E - - 2004
The development of asthma and allergic disease involves not only genetic factors but environmental influences as well. Preventative measures many involve changes in breastfeeding, diet, environmental exposure, medications, and vaccination methods. Breastfeeding is recommended during the first 4-6 months of life. Probiotics should be consumed by mothers during pregnancy and ...
Belson Martin - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Methanol poisoning during human pregnancy rarely has been described. We report the first human newborn with a documented methanol concentration resulting from maternal exposure. CASE REPORT: A 28-year-old pregnant woman EGA 30 weeks with HIV infection and asthma presented to the emergency department in respiratory distress. She was acidotic ...
Kappelman John - - 2003
Afro-Arabian mammalian communities underwent a marked transition near the Oligocene/Miocene boundary at approximately 24 million years (Myr) ago. Although it is well documented that the endemic paenungulate taxa were replaced by migrants from the Northern Hemisphere, the timing and evolutionary dynamics of this transition have long been a mystery because ...
Humphries Paul - - 2003
Wilhelm Blandowski, a Prussian émigré, arrived in Australia in 1849 with hopes of exploring and documenting the natural history of this still relatively scientifically nai;ve colony. After several years travelling, surveying and mining gold, he became the first government zoologist at the infant National Museum of Victoria and was a ...
Vargas Roger I - - 2003
Spinosad was evaluated in Hawaii as a replacement for organophosphate insecticides (naled, dichlorvos [DDVP], and malathion) in methyl eugenol and cue-lure bucket traps to attract and kill oriental fruit fly, Bactrocera dorsalis Hendel, and melon fly, B. cucurbitae Coquillett, respectively. In the first and second methyl eugenol trials with B. ...
Mokany Karel - - 2003
In native stands of Eucalyptus delegatensis R. T. Baker, sapwood area (As) to foliage area (Af) ratios (As:Af) decreased as tree height increased, contradicting the common interpretation of the Pipe Model Theory as well as the generally observed trend of increasing As:Af ratios with tree height. To clarify this relationship, ...
Charlwood J D - - 2003
To determine if mating or gonotrophic age influenced the biting behaviour of Anopheles gambiae s.s., a series of all-night landing captures was performed on the islands of São Tomé and Príncipe in the Gulf of Guinea. On São Tomé 49% and on Príncipe 56% of the newly emerged An. gambiae ...
Viozzi Gustavo P - - 2003
Myxidium biliare sp. n., a new myxosporean species parasitizing the gall bladder of Galaxias maculatus (Jenyns), in Patagonia, is described. Its coelozoic plasmodia were floating free in the bile. Spores are fusiform 13.7 +/- 0.9 microm long and 6.9 +/- 0.6 microm wide, with rounded ends in frontal view and ...
Helbling Arthur - - 2003
For decades airborne fungal spores have been implicated as causative factors in respiratory allergy. Exposure to high atmospheric spore counts and sensitization to specific fungal allergens have been associated with severe asthma, mainly in young adults. Although the prevalence of sensitization to commercial fungal extracts is approximately 3% in epidemiologic ...
Singhi Sunit - - 2003
The aim of the present study was to study the epidemiological and clinical profile of patients attending an exclusive pediatric Emergency Department (ED). Data was retrieved from records of the patients seen over a 6-year period from 1995 to 2000. Descriptive analysis was done to define demographic and clinical details, ...
Calzada Fernando - - 2003
Antiprotozoal activity-guided fractionation of a methanol extract of the aerial parts of Teloxys graveolens led to the isolation of one coumarinic acid derivative, melilotoside, and five flavonoids, pinocembrine, pinostrobin, chrysin, narcissin and rutin. Among them, melilotoside exhibited the most potent activity toward Entamoeba histolytica and Giardia lamblia (IC(50) 12.5 and ...
Miller J David JD Department of Chemistry, NSERC Industrial Research, Carleton University, Ottawa, ON K1S 0M3, Canada. - - 2003
This is a review of the literature of associations of the saprotrophic fungus Stachybotrys chartarum sensu lato with human and animal illnesses. This fungus grows on very wet cellulose-based building materials. S. chartarum has been the subject of considerable media attention because of temporal associations of exposure with unexpected and ...
Tarduno John A - - 2003
The Hawaiian-Emperor hotspot track has a prominent bend, which has served as the basis for the theory that the Hawaiian hotspot, fixed in the deep mantle, traced a change in plate motion. However, paleomagnetic and radiometric age data from samples recovered by ocean drilling define an age-progressive paleolatitude history, indicating ...
Klinnert Mary D - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: This study describes morbidity attributable to wheezing illness in a multi-ethnic sample of low-income infants younger than age 2, and examines biological, environmental, and psychosocial correlates of morbidity indexes. METHOD: Infants 9 to 24 months old, considered at risk for developing asthma on the basis of having had 3 ...
Moffat Kelly S - - 2003
This study was designed to evaluate the efficacy of a citronella bark collar and a new, scentless spray bark collar in a veterinary hospital or a similar kennel-type environment. Forty-one dogs were included in the study. The efficacy of each collar was evaluated independently in comparison to control as well ...
Kunkel G - - 2003
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: The mechanical aerosol generator, MAGhaler, is a new chlorofluorocarbon-free inhalation device. The objective of this trial was to show equivalent efficacy and safety of beclomethasone dipropionate (BDP) delivered via the MAGhaler and the metered-dose inhaler (MDI) in patients with mild to moderate bronchial asthma. Moreover, user-friendliness and acceptance of ...
Gustafsson P M - - 2003
The aim of the study was to assess how deep into the acinar region the airway response to cold dry-air hyperventilation challenge (CACh) reaches in subjects with asthma of different severity. Peripheral airway function was measured using a single-breath sulphur hexafluoride (SF6) and helium (He) washout test and overall airway ...
Islam Muhammad Nurul - - 2003
In Bangladesh all poisoning death cases are recorded as unnatural death and medico-legal autopsy is routine. This paper investigates the pattern, trend and incidence of unnatural poisoning deaths attended in Sir Salimullah Medical College Mortuary, Dhaka, Bangladesh from January 1, 1988 to December 31, 1997. A total of 2534 medico-legal ...
Hofhuis W - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Controversy remains regarding the effectiveness of bronchodilators in wheezy infants. AIMS: To assess the effect of inhaled beta(2) agonists on lung function in infants with malacia or recurrent wheeze, and to determine whether a negative effect of beta(2) agonists on forced expiratory flow (V'(maxFRC)) is more pronounced in infants ...
Littner Yoav - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether the absolute nucleated red blood cell and lymphocyte count is elevated in term, appropriate-for-gestational-age infants born to women with asthma. STUDY DESIGN: We compared absolute nucleated red blood cell counts taken during the first 12 hours of life in two ...
Weinberg Laurence - - 2003
A patient was admitted to the emergency department with a reduced level of consciousness and deteriorating vision. Her pupils became fixed and dilated and she developed a third nerve palsy with extensor posturing of her limbs. Biochemistry profile showed an increased serum osmolar gap with a raised anion gap metabolic ...
Horowitz B Zane - - 2003
In 1845 the Franklin expedition left London with 2 ships and 134 men on board in an attempt to find the route through the Northwest Passage. The ships were built with state-of-the-art technology for their day, but provisioned with supplies from the lowest bidder. After taking on fresh provisions in ...
Yamasaki A - - 2003
The chronic inflammation of bronchial asthma is characterized by swelling of the subepithelial mucosa. However, it is difficult to assess subepithelial edema clinically. We report the case of a patient with asthma whose subepithelial edema was evaluated by endobronchial ultrasonography. Receiving montelukast 10 mg/day for 2 weeks, a 42-year-old man ...
Tatemichi Masayuki - - 2003
The usefulness of serology against CagA of Helicobacter pylori as a biomarker to identify high-risk individuals for non-cardia gastric cancer (ncGC) remains unclear among several ethnic populations with a high prevalence of cagA-positive strains. We investigated ethnic differences of CagA serology in two sets of case-control subjects, Japanese-Brazilians (JB) and ...
Roberts Darren M - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: To assess in a developing Asian country the impact of pesticide regulation on the number of deaths from poisoning. These regulations, which were implemented in Sri Lanka from the 1970s, aimed to reduce the number of deaths - the majority from self-poisoning - by limiting the availability and use ...
Bez C - - 2003
Bronchial hyperreactivity (BHR) is a key feature of asthma, but measurement can usually not be achieved in infants with standard lung function tests. We investigated the safety and tolerability of methacholine challenge in infants with recurrent wheezing episodes. 78 methacholine challenges in 51 sedated infants aged 12-36 months with recurrent ...
Jones A P - - 2003
This study was undertaken to determine the relationship between genetic factors, early life environmental exposures, and the prevalence of atopic disorders in infants. 402 children attending schools in rural Essex were sampled in June 1999. Logistic regression models were fitted to examine the association between asthma, eczema, and rhinitis prevalence ...
Pola Roberto - - 2003
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is characterized by deposition of oxidized low-density lipoprotein (LDL) forming the senile plaque and by structural changes and cell death in acetylcholine-producing neurons. Paraoxonase-1 (PON-1) is a secreted protein primarily associated with high-density lipoproteins (HDL) and participates in the prevention of LDL oxidation. PON-1 is also an ...
Gent Janneane F - - 2002
We assessed prospectively the risk of increased incidence of respiratory symptoms after exposure to particular fungal genera in a susceptible population--namely, infants (n = 880) at high risk for developing asthma. Days of wheeze or persistent cough, information on maternal allergy and asthma, socioeconomic variables, and housing characteristics were collected ...
Cecere M C - - 2002
The long-term effects on domiciliary reinfestation by Triatoma infestans of smoothing the plaster of indoor walls prior to insecticide application (in Amamá village) relative to only insecticide application (in Trinidad-Mercedes villages) were evaluated in rural northwestern Argentina from 1992 to 1997. All domestic and peridomestic areas of each house were ...
de Boer R - - 2002
BACKGROUND: To avoid allergen exposure of newborn babies, the use of a new mattress for the baby bed may be recommended. However, it is not certain that new mattresses are always free of allergens. OBJECTIVE: In the present study the allergen content of new infant mattresses was investigated. METHODS: Dust ...
Reichenbach Janine - - 2002
BACKGROUND: High levels of serum eosinophil cationic protein (sECP) as a marker of eosinophilic airway inflammation have been described as a predictor of childhood asthma. Bronchial hyperreactivity (BHR) appears to be secondary to the release of inflammatory mediators. OBJECTIVE: We investigated the possible correlation between eosinophilic inflammation and BHR in ...
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