Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 552
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Wharton Cathryn - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To trace all participants 36 years after the original Tasmanian Asthma Study (TAS). METHODS: In 1968, the TAS investigated asthma in 8,583 children who were born in 1961. We attempted to trace these participants in 2002-04 using names, dates of birth and gender. Current addresses were sought by computer ...
Hansen E M - - 2006
We compared naturally baited trapping systems to synthetically baited funnel traps and fallen trap trees for suppressing preoutbreak spruce beetle, Dendroctonus rufipennis Kirby, populations. Lures for the traps were fresh spruce (Picea spp.) bolts or bark sections, augmented by adding female spruce beetles to create secondary attraction. In 2003, we ...
Penedo Frank J - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: This study evaluated relations among optimism, depression, anger suppression and natural killer cell cytotoxicity (NKCC) in 61 men treated for localized prostate cancer (PC). METHOD: All participants were assessed at a single time point where demographics, optimism, depression and anger suppression were measured. We also collected peripheral venous blood ...
Xue Rui-De - - 2006
Twenty-one commercial insect repellent products, including 12 botanical, 6 DEET-based, and 3 synthetic organics, were evaluated as larvicides and as oviposition deterrents of Aedes albopictus. Ten of the 12 botanical products at 0.1% concentration provided 57-100% mortality of laboratory-reared 4th-stage Ae. albopictus larvae at 24 h after treatment. Five of ...
Dunlop Anne L - - 2006
Infantile atopic eczema (AE) is a risk marker for future asthma. This study assesses the contribution of modifiable exposures to infantile AE. If modifiable exposures contribute substantially to infantile AE, its prevention might be a sensible approach to asthma prevention. Pregnant women (n = 1978) were systematically recruited from maternity ...
Quigley H A - - 2006
To estimate the number of people with open angle (OAG) and angle closure glaucoma (ACG) in 2010 and 2020. A review of published data with use of prevalence models. Data from population based studies of age specific prevalence of OAG and ACG that satisfied standard definitions were used to construct ...
Joad Jesse P - - 2006
Both allergen and ozone exposure increase asthma symptoms and airway responsiveness in children. Little is known about how these inhalants may differentially modify airway responsiveness in large proximal as compared to small distal airways. We evaluated whether bronchi and respiratory bronchioles from infant monkeys exposed episodically to allergen and/or ozone ...
Ball Thomas M - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The cortisol circadian rhythm and response to stressful stimuli are altered in children and adults with allergic disease, including asthma. It is not known whether these alterations precede or follow the onset of allergic disease. OBJECTIVE: We sought to evaluate the cortisol circadian rhythm and stress response among infants ...
Keil T - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The reasons for the rise in asthma and allergies remain unclear. To identify risk or protective factors, it is essential to carry out longitudinal epidemiological studies, preferably birth cohort studies. In Europe, several birth cohort studies on asthma and atopic diseases have been initiated over the last two decades. ...
Øymar Knut - - 2006
The persistence of wheezing after early wheezing episodes in infancy may be related to the virus involved and to the type of inflammation during the initial wheezing. The role of mast cell activation and leukotriene secretion in wheezing, and the relation to outcome, is not known. Our objective was to ...
Sedda Antioco Franco - - 2006
Exposure of humans to high concentrations of carbon monoxide can result in death, due to the formation of carboxyhaemoglobin (COHb), which impairs the oxygen carrying capacity of the haemoglobin. Carbon monoxide is responsible of a great number of accidental domestic poisonings and deaths throughout the world, particularly in homes that ...
Lee A - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Exposure to dust endotoxin and allergens in early childhood may influence the development of allergic diseases. Aims: This study aimed to evaluate dust endotoxin and dust mite allergens in urban Singapore and rural Thai homes of young children and study potential environmental influences. METHODS: Mattress dust endotoxin and Der ...
Huang Neng-Chyan - - 2006
OBJECTIVE AND METHOD: We have previously successfully applied the Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation (APACHE) II system to assess the severity of patients with acute paraquat poisoning, and this article investigates further evidence of the usefulness of APACHE II system in predicting the in-hospital mortality of 64 patients with ...
Pettigrew Melinda M - - 2006
Otitis media is one of the most common infections of early childhood. Surfactant protein A functions as part of the innate immune response, which plays an important role in preventing infections early in life. This prospective study utilized a candidate gene approach to evaluate the association between polymorphisms in loci ...
Linneberg Allan - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Atopic dermatitis (AD) often develops in infancy as the first manifestation of the atopic phenotype. Wheezing is also common in infancy, but it is less clear whether infant wheezing should be considered as an atopic phenotype. If infant wheeze and AD share a common aetiology, this would indicate that ...
Mani T R - - 2005
We evaluated the efficacy of indoor and peridomestic thermal fog applications of deltacide, a synergized mixture of pyrethroids (S-bioallethrin 0.7% w/v, deltamethrin 0.5% w/v and piperonyl butoxide 8.9% w/v) against adult populations of Aedes aegypti in Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India. We bioassayed adult caged mosquitoes, counted indoor resting and human ...
Driscoll Timothy - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Occupational non-malignant respiratory disease arises from exposure of workers to airborne agents, mostly particulate or dusts. We describe the worldwide mortality and morbidity from asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), and pneumoconioses arising from these occupational exposure and focus on cases reported in the year 2000. METHODS: The proportions ...
Ward C - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Asthma is accepted as a disease characterized by airway inflammation, with evidence that airway structural changes, or 'remodelling' occurs. There are few studies relating airway physiology, inflammation and remodelling, however. We have carried out a study of inter-relationships between airway inflammation, airway remodelling, reticular basement membrane (RBM) thickening, and ...
Gotoh Minoru - - 2005
The incidence of Japanese cedar pollinosis is estimated to be about 13% of the Japanese population. In Japan it is generic to wear a facemask and eyeglasses to prevent pollen inhalation. We examined the usefulness of a facemask and eyeglasses in cooperation with volunteers. The number of pollen particles in ...
Trevillian Leigh F - - 2005
We investigated the role of infant bedding items, as part of a composite bedding environment, in the development of childhood wheezing. This prospective cohort investigation involved 863 children who participated in an infant survey in 1988 and an asthma study in Tasmania, Australia, in 1995. The derived 3 composite infant ...
McCoy Lucie - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: Most analyses of asthma mortality in the United States have relied solely on underlying cause-of-death data, which may underestimate the magnitude of asthma-related mortality. We used multiple cause-of-death data to examine asthma-related mortality trends in the United States. METHODS: Data were selected from the United States Multiple Cause-of-Death Files, ...
Harrison Brian - - 2005
INTRODUCTION: The Eastern Region Confidential Enquiry into asthma deaths started in 2001. It incorporates the Norwich and East Anglian Enquiries started in 1988 and 1992, respectively. The aim of this study was to analyse all asthma deaths in the Eastern region between 2001 and 2003, to elicit any factors contributing ...
Yoo Y - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Early exposure to high quantities of allergen has an important role in the incidence of atopic sensitization. In fact, subjects sensitized to house dust mites (HDMs) have a significantly higher proportion of births in the season when HDMs are most abundant. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to ...
Juhn Young J - - 2005
BACKGROUND: To test the hygiene hypothesis, previous studies have assessed the relationship between mode of delivery at birth and asthma incidence, but the results have been inconsistent because of potential selection and ascertainment biases. OBJECTIVE: To assess the relationship between mode of delivery at birth and asthma by following all ...
Bakhireva Ludmila N - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Given the high prevalence of asthma in pregnancy, it is important to understand the relationship between asthma medications and fetal growth in the context of appropriate treatment. OBJECTIVE: This study examines the effect of inhaled corticosteroids, systemic corticosteroids, and beta(2)-agonists on fetal growth in 654 infants born to women ...
Greer Frank R - - 2005
Infants for whom formula may be prepared with well water remain a high-risk group for nitrate poisoning. This clinical report reinforces the need for testing of well water for nitrate content. There seems to be little or no risk of nitrate poisoning from commercially prepared infant foods in the United ...
McBrearty Sally - - 2005
There are thousands of fossils of hominins, but no fossil chimpanzee has yet been reported. The chimpanzee (Pan) is the closest living relative to humans. Chimpanzee populations today are confined to wooded West and central Africa, whereas most hominin fossil sites occur in the semi-arid East African Rift Valley. This ...
Stegelmeier B L - - 2005
Locoweed poisoning has been reported in wildlife, but it is unknown whether mule deer (Odocoileius hemionus) are susceptible. In areas that are heavily infested with locoweed, deer and elk (Cervus elaphus nelsoni) have developed a spongiform encephalopathy, chronic wasting disease (CWD). Although these are distinct diseases, no good comparisons are ...
Ryan Patrick H - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Previous studies of air pollution have not examined the association between exposure to varying types, distance, and amounts of traffic and wheezing in very young infants. OBJECTIVE: We sought to determine the relationship between types of traffic, traffic volume, and distance and wheezing among infants less than 1 year ...
Abraham Joseph H - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Infant endotoxin exposure has been proposed as a factor that might protect against allergy and the early childhood immune responses that increase the risk of IgE production to allergens. OBJECTIVE: Using a prospective study design, we tested the hypothesis that early-life endotoxin exposure is associated with allergen- and mitogen-induced ...
Acs N?ndor - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To study the association between bronchial asthma during pregnancy and gestational age/birth weight, and also preterm birth and low birth weight. METHOD: In the population-based large data set of the Hungarian Case-Control Surveillance System of Congenital Abnormalities, 1980-1996, controls without congenital abnormalities were analysed. RESULTS: Of 38,151 newborn infants, ...
Valli K - - 2006
Zadra, Desjardins, and Marcotte (2006) have made a valuable contribution to the empirical testing of the Threat Simulation Theory (TST) (Revonsuo, 2000a) in recurrent dreams. For the most part, their results are in accordance with the theory, while some findings seem to conflict with the predictions of TST. In our ...
Rona R J - - 2005
BACKGROUND: There is uncertainty about the impact of the programming hypothesis in terms of nutritional status at birth, rate of growth in the first year of life, length of gestation, breast feeding, and episodes of illness on asthma. An analysis was therefore carried out to test this hypothesis. METHODS: Data ...
Franks Nigel R - - 2005
House-hunting ants avoid otherwise excellent potential nest sites that contain dead ants which may pose risks from poor hygiene. This discovery adds another category to the exceptionally long list of nest site attributes that ants evaluate. It further indicates the importance of disease as a selection pressure on social insects.
Kuiper Sandra - - 2005
The PREVASC study addresses the primary prevention of asthma in infants and small children. The objective of this study is to investigate whether a multifaceted prenatally started intervention strategy in high-risk infants leads to a decrease in the occurrence of (severe) asthma and whether a refinement of the prevention strategy ...
Biondi-Zoccai Giuseppe G L - - 2005
AIMS: Drug-eluting stents (DES) have been recently investigated, with favorable data for many devices, but comparative data are lacking. We thus performed an adjusted indirect comparison metaanalysis of DES. METHODS: Randomized trials comparing DES vs. bare-metal stents (BMS) were systematically searched, and random effect odds ratios (OR) were computed for ...
Nakagawa J - - 2005
In an entomological study in 2002, the degree of domestic and peridomestic infestation with triatomine bugs and the geographical distribution of such infestations were investigated in north-central Guatemala. The survey team searched for triatomines in houses constructed with mud walls or thatched roofs, in villages suspected of being infested. The ...
Debley Jason S - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Cesarean delivery modifies infant gut bacterial flora composition, which may result in hindered tolerance to allergenic substances, thereby increasing the risk of asthma in accordance with the hygiene hypothesis. Results of previous studies regarding an association between birth route and asthma are conflicting, and these studies have not evaluated ...
Franklin Peter J - - 2005
In infants, the effect of colds and other respiratory tract infections (RTI) on exhaled nitric oxide (FE(NO)) is not clear. In this study, we measured FE(NO) in 24 infants (14 boys) who presented with rhinorrhea, with or without cough but not wheeze. Twelve of these infants had a history of ...
Saglani Sejal - - 2005
RATIONALE: We hypothesized that the epithelial reticular basement membrane (RBM) thickening and eosinophilic inflammation characteristic of asthma would be present in symptomatic infants with reversible airflow obstruction. METHODS: RBM thickness and numbers of inflammatory cells were determined in ultrathin sections of endobronchial biopsies obtained from 53 infants during clinical bronchoscopy ...
Klinnert Mary D - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To present an interim analysis of the effect of a home-based intervention with low-income caregivers of wheezing infants at risk for childhood asthma on mediating variables. METHOD: Infants aged 9 to 24 months with 3 or more physician-documented wheezing episodes were randomly assigned to environmental support intervention (ES) (n ...
Gold Diane R - - 2005
The prevalence of asthma in the United States is higher than in many other countries in the world. Asthma, the most common chronic disease of childhood in the United States, disproportionately burdens many socioeconomically disadvantaged urban communities. In this review we discuss hypotheses for between-country disparities in asthma prevalence, including ...
O'Donnell Michael J - - 2005
Transport of the organic anion salicylate by the Malpighian tubules and gut of larval and adult fruit flies was studied using two salicylate-selective microelectrode methods. The first method combined the high selectivity of tridodecylmethylammonium-based electrodes for salicylate with the self-referencing ion-selective microelectrode technique for non-invasive spatial and temporal analysis of ...
Knight Tiffany M - - 2004
We examined the effect of predation by the backswimmer (Notonecta undulata; Hemiptera: Notonectidae), competition by zooplankton and snails, and both predation and competition on the survival and development time of larval Anopheles quadrimaculatus mosquitoes in experimental mesocosms. We found that both predation and interspecific competition greatly reduced the survivorship of ...
Inglis J H C - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To identify any effect on deaths and emergency admissions for poisoning resulting from the restriction on paracetamol sales introduced in September 1998. SETTING: Scotland. DATA: Deaths from poisoning were extracted from the General Registrar (Scotland) Office annual reports for 1991 to 2001 and emergency admissions data for 1990/91 to ...
Pino Paulina - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Recent evidence implicates fine particulate matter (PM2.5), principally from vehicular exhaust, as a major cause of increased mortality and morbidity. However, there are limited data on the impact of PM2.5 on infant respiratory illnesses. METHODS: We conducted a cohort study of 504 infants recruited at 4 months of age ...
Pettigrew Melinda M - - 2004
Otitis media is one of the most common infections of early childhood. Children who first experience acute otitis media at an early age (before 6 months) are at increased risk for recurrent otitis media. This prospective study investigated exposure to measured levels of airborne household mould and the risk of ...
Bentur Lea - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Chronic cough in babies is often associated with bronchial hyperreactivity (BHR). The objective documentation of BHR in babies is difficult, and acoustic methods have been described (provocative concentration of a substance causing wheeze) for conducting bronchial provocation tests (BPTs). We conducted a study to evaluate automatic computerized wheeze detection ...
Cooper R D - - 2004
The effectiveness of light, 1-octen-3-ol (octenol), carbon dioxide (CO2) and a combination of CO2 and octenol were compared as mosquito attractants using encephalitis vector surveillance traps in 2 villages in Madang Province, Papua New Guinea (PNG). Five species were collected, Anopheles koliensis, Anopheles farauti 2, Anopheles farauti 4, Anopheles longirostris, ...
Wagner George W - - 2004
The effect of drop size on the degradation rate of VX, O-ethyl S-[2-(diisopropylamino)ethyl]methylphosphonothioate, in fresh concrete has been examined using (31)P NMR. Drops of neat VX, ranging in size from 4 microL to 0.2 microL, applied to small concrete coupons (8 mm x 15 mm) were observed to degrade at ...
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