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Pillai Riddell Rebecca - - 2011
Acute pain and distress during medical procedures are commonplace for young children. To assess the efficacy of nonpharmacological interventions for acute procedural pain in children up to three years of age. Study inclusion criteria were: participants <3 years of age, involved in a randomized controlled or crossover trial, and use ...
Luo Yuyan - - 2011
As adults, we know that others' mental states, such as beliefs, guide their behavior and that these mental states can deviate from reality. Researchers have examined whether young children possess adult-like theory of mind by focusing on their understanding about others' false beliefs. The present research revealed that 10-month-old infants ...
Hauck Fern R - - 2011
Racial and ethnic disparities in infant mortality in the United States seem to defy all attempts at elimination. Despite national priorities to eliminate these disparities, black infants are 2.5 times more likely to die in infancy compared with non-Hispanic white infants. This disparity is largely related to the greater incidence ...
Mintegi Santiago - - 2011
We analyzed 239 febrile infants <3 months of age with a positive urine culture to examine their characteristics. Patients with altered urine dipstick showed more commonly alterations of the biologic markers for bacterial infection, and Escherichia coli was more commonly isolated. Febrile young infants with positive urine culture and negative ...
Harrison Marissa A - - 2011
Facial attractiveness has been studied extensively, but little research has examined the stability of facial attractiveness of individuals across different stages of development. We conducted a study examining the relationship between facial attractiveness in infants (age 24 months and under) and the same individuals as young adults (age 16-18 years) ...
Winkel Bo Gregers - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Inherited disease may be causative in many young sudden unexpected death cases. Autopsy is essential in the counselling of the bereaved, as the family of the victim may be at risk too. In a nationwide setting operating under the same set of laws, we hypothesized that regional differences exist ...
Kis Anna - - 2011
In this paper, we describe a behaviour pattern similar to the "A-not-B" error found in human infants and young apes in a monkey species, the common marmosets (Callithrix jacchus). In contrast to the classical explanation, recently it has been suggested that the "A-not-B" error committed by human infants is at ...
Brockington Ian - - 2011
This article reviews severe disorders of the mother-infant relationship involving emotional rejection of the infant in the first year of its life. Infants exposed to their mother's hatred and rage may suffer far-ranging and long-term disadvantages, and are at risk of maltreatment. Diagnosis, therapy and research have been hampered by ...
Elias Abdallah F - - 2011
A young infant presented with a febrile respiratory illness, irritability, and failure to thrive. Clinical evaluation identified that he had profound hypovitaminosis D with severe hypocalcemia and active pulmonary tuberculosis. We review the literature and discuss the current state of knowledge of the interrelationship between Mycobacterium infection and vitamin D ...
Zouari Asma - - 2011
Despite high vaccination coverage rates, there has been a gradual increase in reported pertussis cases. Although whooping cough affects all ages, young infants continue to suffer the greatest pertussis disease burden. Adolescents and adults are the primary source of infection for young babies. In this paper, we report two cases ...
Khanal Sudhir - - 2011
The mortality rates of infants and children aged less than five years are declining globally and in Nepal but less among neonates. Most deliveries occur at home without skilled attendants, and most neonates may not receive appropriate care through the existing medical systems. So, a community-based pilot programme-Morang Innovative Neonatal ...
Small Susan A - - 2011
OBJECTIVE:: The aim of this study was to investigate the maturational time course of the occlusion effect in infants with normal hearing. The objectives were (i) to investigate the occlusion effect in a larger group of young infants, (ii) to determine whether the occlusion effect is seen in bone conduction ...
Ertmer David J - - 2012
This investigation examined the time course and sequence of prelinguistic vocal development during the first year of cochlear implant (CI) experience. Thirteen children who were implanted between 8 and 35 months and 11 typically developing (TD) infants participated in this longitudinal study. Adult-child play interactions were video- and audio-recorded at ...
Kawahara Hisayoshi - - 2011
Background: Perianal abscess (PA) is a common condition acquired in infancy, yet its treatment method remains controversial. We reviewed the outcome of neonates and young infants with PA who were treated with the traditional Japanese medicine, hainosankyuto (TJ-122). Methods: Fifteen male infants with PA under the age of 3 months ...
Fodey Terence L - - 2011
The illegal adulteration of milk with melamine in 2008 in China led to adverse kidney and urinary tract effects in hundreds of thousands of children and the reported deaths of six. The milk had been deliberately adulterated to elevate the apparent protein content and subsequently melamine was detected in many ...
Bertoncini Josiane - - 2011
Young deaf children using a cochlear implant develop speech abilities on the basis of speech temporal-envelope signals distributed over a limited number of frequency bands. A Headturn Preference Procedure was used to measure looking times in 6-month-old, normal-hearing infants during presentation of repeating or alternating sequences composed of different tokens ...
Keefe Douglas H DH Boys Town National Research Hospital, 555 North 30th Street, Omaha, Nebraska 68131, USA. - - 2011
The greatest difference in distortion product otoacoustic emission (DPOAE) suppression tuning curves (STCs) in infant and adult ears occurs at a stimulus frequency of 6 kHz. These infant and adult STCs are much more similar when constructed using the absorbed power level of the stimulus and suppressor tones rather than ...
van der Aa L B - - 2011
  Infants with atopic dermatitis (AD) have a high risk of developing asthma. We investigated the effect of early intervention with synbiotics, a combination of probiotics and prebiotics, on the prevalence of asthma-like symptoms in infants with AD.   In a double-blind, placebo-controlled multicentre trial, ninety infants with AD, age ...
de Muinck Eric J - - 2011
Despite that Escherichia coli is one of the most important bacteria in early infant colonization and immune modulation, we have limited knowledge about diversity, transmission and persistence within human populations for this bacterium. Here we have utilized a novel, growth-independent, direct typing approach to describe E. coli mother-to-child transmission and ...
Macheret Fima - - 2011
Idiopathic purpura fulminans is a cutaneous thrombotic disorder usually caused by autoimmune-mediated protein C or S deficiency. This disorder typically presents with purpura and petechiae that eventually slowly or rapidly coalesce into extensive, necrotic eschars on the extremities. We present the first known case of idiopathic purpura fulminans consistent with ...
Hagino Tetsuo - - 2011
There is no report of athroscopic treatment for septic arthritis of the ankle in infants. We report a case of successful management of septic arthritis of the ankle in a three-month-old boy by arthroscopic washout. Arthroscopic washout may be a useful treatment for septic arthritis in young infants when performed ...
Gima Hirotaka - - 2011
This study's aim was to evaluate the characteristics of newborn and young infants' spontaneous lower extremity movements by using dynamical systems analysis. Participants were 8 healthy full-term newborn infants (3 boys, 5 girls, mean birth weight and gestational age were 3070.6 g and 39 weeks). A tri-axial accelerometer measured limb ...
Parsons Christine E - - 2011
Infant facial features are thought to be powerful elicitors of caregiving behaviour. It has been widely assumed that men and women respond in different ways to those features, such as a large forehead and eyes and round protruding cheeks, colloquially described as 'cute'. We investigated experimentally potential differences using measures ...
Mwaniki Michael K MK Centre for Geographic Medicine Research, Kenya Medical Research Institute, Kilifi, Kenya. - - 2011
Meningitis is notoriously difficult to diagnose in infancy because its clinical features are non-specific. World Health Organization (WHO) guidelines suggest several indicative signs, based on limited data. We aimed to identify indicators of bacterial meningitis in young infants in Kenya, and compared their performance to the WHO guidelines. We also ...
Lewis Nicola - - 2010
Historically, some dressings used in exomphalos major were associated with toxicity. These have been abandoned in favor of safer dressings. Silver toxicity has not been described following the use of silver dressings in infants. We, however, found disconcerting serum silver levels in 2 consecutive patients during treatment with silver salt ...
Raffo Antonio - - 2011
Quantification of estragole content in commercial fennel herbal teas was carried out in order to allow for a more accurate estimate of the dietary exposure to estragole. A simple and rapid analytical method, based on Stir Bar Sorptive Extraction and GC-MS, was developed for this purpose. Fennel teas obtained from ...
Vanmarle Kristy - - 2011
The present study tested infants' ability to assess and compare quantities of a food substance. Contrary to previous findings, the results suggest that by 10 months of age infants can quantify non-cohesive substances, and that this ability is different in important ways from their ability to quantify discrete objects: (1) In ...
Shaheen Seif O SO Respiratory Epidemiology and Public Health Group, National Heart and Lung Institute, Imperial College London, London, United Kingdom. - - 2010
Prenatal and infant acetaminophen exposure has been associated with an increased risk of childhood asthma phenotypes. Demonstration of biologically plausible interactions between these exposures and maternal and child antioxidant gene polymorphisms would strengthen causal inference. To explore potential interactions between prenatal and infant acetaminophen exposure and antioxidant genotypes on childhood ...
Luo Yuyan - - 2010
Recent investigations of early psychological understanding have revealed three key findings. First, young infants attribute goals and dispositions to any entity they perceive as an agent, whether human or non-human. Second, when interpreting an agent's actions in a scene, young infants take into account the agent's representation of the scene, ...
Yamada Yumi - - 2010
Creola bodies (CrBs) in the sputum are an indicator of respiratory epithelial damage and appear specifically in bronchial asthma. We studied the presence and clinical significance of CrBs in infants with respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) bronchiolitis contributing to the development of asthma. Aspirated sputum samples were collected from 33 infants ...
To Teresa - - 2012
Objective To determine the association between large birth weight and the risk of developing asthma in early childhood. Methods All single live births (n=687 194) born in Ontario between 1 April 1995 and 31 March 2001 were followed until their sixth birthday. Their birth weight was categorised as low (<2.5 ...
Campos Giménez Esther - - 2010
A fast and simple chromatographic method to determine biotin in foods is presented. Biotin is extracted using papain (60 degrees C, 1 h). After pH adjustment and filtration, biotin is determined by LC with fluorescence detection using postcolumn reagent avidin-FITC (avidin labeled with fluorescein isothiocyanate). The method has been validated ...
Zamani Nasim - - 2010
Accidental opium intoxication in children is an extremely dangerous poisoning if it remains undiagnosed and untreated. The classic triad of miosis, decreased level of consciousness and bradypnea, which are the hallmarks of opiate intoxication, are used for the diagnosis of opium poisoning in adults and children. Little attention has been ...
Sicignano Nicholas - - 2010
Although asthma has been previously associated with preterm delivery and low birthweight, evidence supporting a relationship between IVF and asthma remains inconclusive. The purpose of this study was to characterize asthma experiences in the oldest IVF-conceived generation in the USA. A cross-sectional study was conducted among 173 young adults (age: ...
Just Jocelyne - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Persistent asthma in adults starts often early in childhood and is associated with alterations in respiratory function that occur early in life. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate the importance of innate and environmental factors associated with occurrence of asthma during childhood in a population of ...
Mohangoo Ashna D - - 2010
PURPOSE: The prevalence of asthma symptoms among preschool children is difficult to determine with accuracy because no gold standard is available for diagnosis. The aim of this study was to compare parent-reported wheezing or shortness of breath among infants as assessed by questionnaire and physician-interview. METHODS: We studied 1,202 children ...
Garcia-Marcos Luis - - 2010
Risk factors for wheezing during the first year of life (a major cause of respiratory morbidity worldwide) are poorly known in non-affluent countries. We studied and compared risk factors in infants living in affluent and non-affluent areas of the world. A population-based study was carried out in random samples of ...
Hartert Tina V TV Department of Medicine, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, Tennessee 37232-8300, USA. - - 2010
The 'attack rate' of asthma following viral lower respiratory tract infections (LRTI) is about 3-4 fold higher than that of the general population; however, the majority of children who develop viral LRTI during infancy do not develop asthma, and asthma incidence has been observed to continuously decrease with age. Thus, ...
Bueso A - - 2010
Risk factors for wheezing specifically during the first year of life have been studied in well-developed countries, but the information from developing countries is very scarce. There are no such studies focusing on factors derived from poverty. The aim of the present study was to determine if risk factors related ...
Visser Chantal A N - - 2010
Factors operating in the first year of life are critical in determining the onset and persistence of wheezing in preschool children. This study was designed to examine the prevalence and risk factors of wheeze in the first year of life in Dutch infants. This was a population-based survey of 13-month-old ...
Roche Marion L - - 2011
The study objective was to understand the role of traditional Awajún foods in dietary quality and the potential impacts on growth of Awajún infants and young children 0-23 months of age. Research took place in April and May of 2004, along the Cenepa River in six Awajún communities. Anthropometry estimated ...
Jajoo M - - 2010
A term neonate was born to a mother who had consumed an organophosphorus compound with suicidal intent 50 hours before delivery. At birth, the infant showed signs and symptoms of organophosphorus poisoning and was treated with atropine and pralidoxime to which she responded well. Unfortunately, the mother died despite appropriate ...
Hung Yi-Li - - 2010
Bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) and very low birth weight (VLBW) are associated with increased incidences of asthma and pulmonary dysfunction in childhood. However, no studies exist which examine asthma risk factors in children who were VLBW infants and did not have BPD. To address this issue, we assessed the asthma incidence ...
Mirza Bilal - - 2010
Esophageal foreign bodies (FB) are common in adults and children. These are rarely reported in infants and neonates. A 2-day-old newborn was referred to our hospital with history of accidental intrusion of soft silicone suction catheter into the upper gastrointestinal tract (GIT). X-ray chest and abdomen confirmed the presence of ...
Cox Michael J - - 2010
Colonization of the infant gut by microorganisms over the first year of life is crucial for development of a balanced immune response. Early alterations in the gastrointestinal microbiota of neonates has been linked with subsequent development of asthma and atopy in older children. Here we describe high-resolution culture-independent analysis of ...
Campusano L - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The treatment in non-atopic young children with recurrent wheezing remains controversial. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to compare the response of inhaled budesonide in atopic versus non-atopic infants/preschoolers with recurrent wheezing (more than three episodes in the last year or one episode per month in the last ...
Paul Ian M - - 2010
Like obesity, the prevalence of asthma has increased over the past several decades. Accelerated patterns of infant growth have been associated with obesity and its co-morbidities. We aimed to determine if infant weight gain pattern is associated with asthma development later in childhood. Birth weight, growth, pulmonary function, and symptom ...
Rosenbaum Paula F - - 2010
In studies worldwide, respiratory outcomes such as cough, wheeze and asthma have been consistently linked to mold exposure. Young children spend most of their time indoors and may be particularly vulnerable. We evaluated the associations between exposure to airborne fungal levels and episodes of wheezing in a cohort of 103 ...
Brunner Wendy M - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: Asthma mortality rates are based on deaths for which asthma is coded as the underlying cause on the death certificate. We conducted an asthma mortality review to evaluate this surveillance measure for Minnesota residents who were aged 55 years or older METHODS: We enlisted an expert panel to review ...
Stein Renato T - - 2009
Episodes of lower respiratory illnesses (LRIs) in the first years of life have been associated with recurrent wheeze in studies of high-risk and community-based cohorts. Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is an agent especially associated with severe cases of bronchiolitis affecting young infants in winter months and has a typical seasonal ...
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