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Sommerville Jessica A - - 2012
A critical question for developmental psychologists concerns how representations in infancy are best characterized. Past and current research provides paradoxical evidence regarding the nature of early representations: in some ways, infants appear to build concrete and specific representations that guide their online perception and understanding of different events; in other ...
Melek M - - 2012
To measure the oxidant/antioxidant status of newborn babies with oesophageal atresia and their mothers, compared with healthy control subjects. This case-control study included 40 participants: 10 newborns with oesophageal atresia and their mothers, and 10 healthy newborns and their mothers. Whole blood malondialdehyde (MDA) levels and the activities of antioxidant ...
Candy T Rowan - - 2012
To determine the accommodative accuracy of infants and young children before they had had any form of clinical intervention or treatment, in an attempt to determine the difference between 'normal' and 'abnormal' visual experience for these individuals. Nott retinoscopy was performed on 111 subjects in binocular viewing conditions at a ...
Kurepa Dalibor - - 2012
Infants of diabetic mothers (IDMs) are at increased risk for metabolic complications. Type 1 and some type 2 diabetic patients have elevated levels of the ketone bodies acetoacetate (AA) and β-hydroxybutyrate (BHB). The aim of this study was to examine how hyperketonemia in diabetic mothers affects markers of inflammation and ...
Falix Farah A - - 2011
Hepatoblastoma is a malignant pediatric liver tumor. The currently used diagnostic serum marker for hepatoblastoma, α-fetoprotein (AFP), is not always reliable in infants with hepatoblastoma, due to the physiologically elevated levels of AFP in this age group. In this report, we show that Delta-like 1 homolog (DLK1), a protein highly ...
Lien Tina Y - - 2011
Many children are affected by atopic dermatitis (AD) at a very young age. I often consider whether nonpharmacologic interventions could prevent or mitigate the development of AD. Do breastfeeding or changes to the maternal diet help prevent the development of childhood AD? The American Academy of Pediatrics suggests that lactating ...
Bitar Mohamed A - - 2011
Aim:  Management of acute otitis media (AOM) in infants younger than 2 months old is controversial. It varies between treatment on an outside basis, and hospitalization for intravenous antibiotics and sepsis work-up based on variability of the reported AOM pathogens in this particular group. Our aim is to identify clinical indicators ...
Malabarey Ola T - - 2011
OBJECTIVES: Pregnancy in young adolescents is often understudied. The objective of our study was to evaluate the effect of young maternal age on adverse obstetrical and neonatal outcomes. METHODS: We conducted a population-based cohort study using the Center for Disease Control and Prevention's Linked Birth-Infant Death and Fetal Death data ...
Rigato Silvia - - 2013
In this study, 4-month-old infants' and adults' spontaneous preferences for emotional and neutral displays with direct and averted gaze are investigated using visual preference paradigms. Specifically, by presenting two approach-oriented emotions (happiness and anger) and two avoidance-oriented emotions (fear and sadness), we asked whether the pattern of emotion-gaze interaction suggested ...
Otsuka Yumiko - - 2011
We examined the ability of young infants (3- and 4-month-olds) to detect faces in the two-tone images often referred to as Mooney faces. In Experiment 1, this performance was examined in conditions of high and low visibility of local features and with either the presence or absence of the outer ...
Vicenik Chad J - - 2011
Previous research has shown that infants and adults can discriminate between prosodically similar languages using only prosodic cues. These experiments were designed to determine whether listeners use pitch cues or segmental duration and timing cues (i.e., rhythm cues) in language discrimination. We tested American English learning 7-month-old infants and adults ...
Gomez Borja - - 2011
We performed a 7-year registry-based retrospective study. We included 1365 infants younger than 3 months of age with fever without a source; 81 (5.9%) had <5000 leukocytes/mm. Among the 1021 well-appearing 29- to 90-day-old infants, prevalence of serious bacterial infection (SBI) was 13.8% for those with a normal white blood ...
Tréguier C - - 2011
Irreducible developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) in newborns is a rare entity. The different obstacles preventing reduction have been described in the literature. A clinical form of DDH with hypertrophy of the cartilage of the acetabular roof (acetabular bulge) can be reliably identified on ultrasound and should probably be ...
Pillai Riddell Rebecca - - 2011
Acute pain and distress during medical procedures are commonplace for young children. To assess the efficacy of nonpharmacological interventions for acute procedural pain in children up to three years of age. Study inclusion criteria were: participants <3 years of age, involved in a randomized controlled or crossover trial, and use ...
Luo Yuyan - - 2011
As adults, we know that others' mental states, such as beliefs, guide their behavior and that these mental states can deviate from reality. Researchers have examined whether young children possess adult-like theory of mind by focusing on their understanding about others' false beliefs. The present research revealed that 10-month-old infants ...
Hauck Fern R - - 2011
Racial and ethnic disparities in infant mortality in the United States seem to defy all attempts at elimination. Despite national priorities to eliminate these disparities, black infants are 2.5 times more likely to die in infancy compared with non-Hispanic white infants. This disparity is largely related to the greater incidence ...
Mintegi Santiago - - 2011
We analyzed 239 febrile infants <3 months of age with a positive urine culture to examine their characteristics. Patients with altered urine dipstick showed more commonly alterations of the biologic markers for bacterial infection, and Escherichia coli was more commonly isolated. Febrile young infants with positive urine culture and negative ...
Harrison Marissa A - - 2011
Facial attractiveness has been studied extensively, but little research has examined the stability of facial attractiveness of individuals across different stages of development. We conducted a study examining the relationship between facial attractiveness in infants (age 24 months and under) and the same individuals as young adults (age 16-18 years) ...
Winkel Bo Gregers - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Inherited disease may be causative in many young sudden unexpected death cases. Autopsy is essential in the counselling of the bereaved, as the family of the victim may be at risk too. In a nationwide setting operating under the same set of laws, we hypothesized that regional differences exist ...
Kis Anna - - 2011
In this paper, we describe a behaviour pattern similar to the "A-not-B" error found in human infants and young apes in a monkey species, the common marmosets (Callithrix jacchus). In contrast to the classical explanation, recently it has been suggested that the "A-not-B" error committed by human infants is at ...
Brockington Ian - - 2011
This article reviews severe disorders of the mother-infant relationship involving emotional rejection of the infant in the first year of its life. Infants exposed to their mother's hatred and rage may suffer far-ranging and long-term disadvantages, and are at risk of maltreatment. Diagnosis, therapy and research have been hampered by ...
Elias Abdallah F - - 2011
A young infant presented with a febrile respiratory illness, irritability, and failure to thrive. Clinical evaluation identified that he had profound hypovitaminosis D with severe hypocalcemia and active pulmonary tuberculosis. We review the literature and discuss the current state of knowledge of the interrelationship between Mycobacterium infection and vitamin D ...
Zouari Asma - - 2011
Despite high vaccination coverage rates, there has been a gradual increase in reported pertussis cases. Although whooping cough affects all ages, young infants continue to suffer the greatest pertussis disease burden. Adolescents and adults are the primary source of infection for young babies. In this paper, we report two cases ...
Khanal Sudhir - - 2011
The mortality rates of infants and children aged less than five years are declining globally and in Nepal but less among neonates. Most deliveries occur at home without skilled attendants, and most neonates may not receive appropriate care through the existing medical systems. So, a community-based pilot programme-Morang Innovative Neonatal ...
Small Susan A - - 2011
OBJECTIVE:: The aim of this study was to investigate the maturational time course of the occlusion effect in infants with normal hearing. The objectives were (i) to investigate the occlusion effect in a larger group of young infants, (ii) to determine whether the occlusion effect is seen in bone conduction ...
Ertmer David J - - 2012
This investigation examined the time course and sequence of prelinguistic vocal development during the first year of cochlear implant (CI) experience. Thirteen children who were implanted between 8 and 35 months and 11 typically developing (TD) infants participated in this longitudinal study. Adult-child play interactions were video- and audio-recorded at ...
Kawahara Hisayoshi - - 2011
Background: Perianal abscess (PA) is a common condition acquired in infancy, yet its treatment method remains controversial. We reviewed the outcome of neonates and young infants with PA who were treated with the traditional Japanese medicine, hainosankyuto (TJ-122). Methods: Fifteen male infants with PA under the age of 3 months ...
Fodey Terence L - - 2011
The illegal adulteration of milk with melamine in 2008 in China led to adverse kidney and urinary tract effects in hundreds of thousands of children and the reported deaths of six. The milk had been deliberately adulterated to elevate the apparent protein content and subsequently melamine was detected in many ...
Bertoncini Josiane - - 2011
Young deaf children using a cochlear implant develop speech abilities on the basis of speech temporal-envelope signals distributed over a limited number of frequency bands. A Headturn Preference Procedure was used to measure looking times in 6-month-old, normal-hearing infants during presentation of repeating or alternating sequences composed of different tokens ...
Keefe Douglas H - - 2011
The greatest difference in distortion product otoacoustic emission (DPOAE) suppression tuning curves (STCs) in infant and adult ears occurs at a stimulus frequency of 6 kHz. These infant and adult STCs are much more similar when constructed using the absorbed power level of the stimulus and suppressor tones rather than ...
van der Aa L B - - 2011
  Infants with atopic dermatitis (AD) have a high risk of developing asthma. We investigated the effect of early intervention with synbiotics, a combination of probiotics and prebiotics, on the prevalence of asthma-like symptoms in infants with AD.   In a double-blind, placebo-controlled multicentre trial, ninety infants with AD, age ...
de Muinck Eric J - - 2011
Despite that Escherichia coli is one of the most important bacteria in early infant colonization and immune modulation, we have limited knowledge about diversity, transmission and persistence within human populations for this bacterium. Here we have utilized a novel, growth-independent, direct typing approach to describe E. coli mother-to-child transmission and ...
Macheret Fima - - 2011
Idiopathic purpura fulminans is a cutaneous thrombotic disorder usually caused by autoimmune-mediated protein C or S deficiency. This disorder typically presents with purpura and petechiae that eventually slowly or rapidly coalesce into extensive, necrotic eschars on the extremities. We present the first known case of idiopathic purpura fulminans consistent with ...
Hagino Tetsuo - - 2011
There is no report of athroscopic treatment for septic arthritis of the ankle in infants. We report a case of successful management of septic arthritis of the ankle in a three-month-old boy by arthroscopic washout. Arthroscopic washout may be a useful treatment for septic arthritis in young infants when performed ...
Gima Hirotaka - - 2011
This study's aim was to evaluate the characteristics of newborn and young infants' spontaneous lower extremity movements by using dynamical systems analysis. Participants were 8 healthy full-term newborn infants (3 boys, 5 girls, mean birth weight and gestational age were 3070.6 g and 39 weeks). A tri-axial accelerometer measured limb ...
Parsons Christine E - - 2011
Infant facial features are thought to be powerful elicitors of caregiving behaviour. It has been widely assumed that men and women respond in different ways to those features, such as a large forehead and eyes and round protruding cheeks, colloquially described as 'cute'. We investigated experimentally potential differences using measures ...
Mwaniki Michael K MK Centre for Geographic Medicine Research, Kenya Medical Research Institute, Kilifi, Kenya. - - 2011
Meningitis is notoriously difficult to diagnose in infancy because its clinical features are non-specific. World Health Organization (WHO) guidelines suggest several indicative signs, based on limited data. We aimed to identify indicators of bacterial meningitis in young infants in Kenya, and compared their performance to the WHO guidelines. We also ...
Lewis Nicola - - 2010
Historically, some dressings used in exomphalos major were associated with toxicity. These have been abandoned in favor of safer dressings. Silver toxicity has not been described following the use of silver dressings in infants. We, however, found disconcerting serum silver levels in 2 consecutive patients during treatment with silver salt ...
Raffo Antonio - - 2011
Quantification of estragole content in commercial fennel herbal teas was carried out in order to allow for a more accurate estimate of the dietary exposure to estragole. A simple and rapid analytical method, based on Stir Bar Sorptive Extraction and GC-MS, was developed for this purpose. Fennel teas obtained from ...
Vanmarle Kristy - - 2011
The present study tested infants' ability to assess and compare quantities of a food substance. Contrary to previous findings, the results suggest that by 10 months of age infants can quantify non-cohesive substances, and that this ability is different in important ways from their ability to quantify discrete objects: (1) In ...
Shaheen Seif O SO Respiratory Epidemiology and Public Health Group, National Heart and Lung Institute, Imperial College London, London, United Kingdom. - - 2010
Prenatal and infant acetaminophen exposure has been associated with an increased risk of childhood asthma phenotypes. Demonstration of biologically plausible interactions between these exposures and maternal and child antioxidant gene polymorphisms would strengthen causal inference. To explore potential interactions between prenatal and infant acetaminophen exposure and antioxidant genotypes on childhood ...
Luo Yuyan - - 2010
Recent investigations of early psychological understanding have revealed three key findings. First, young infants attribute goals and dispositions to any entity they perceive as an agent, whether human or non-human. Second, when interpreting an agent's actions in a scene, young infants take into account the agent's representation of the scene, ...
Yamada Yumi - - 2010
Creola bodies (CrBs) in the sputum are an indicator of respiratory epithelial damage and appear specifically in bronchial asthma. We studied the presence and clinical significance of CrBs in infants with respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) bronchiolitis contributing to the development of asthma. Aspirated sputum samples were collected from 33 infants ...
To Teresa - - 2012
Objective To determine the association between large birth weight and the risk of developing asthma in early childhood. Methods All single live births (n=687 194) born in Ontario between 1 April 1995 and 31 March 2001 were followed until their sixth birthday. Their birth weight was categorised as low (<2.5 ...
Campos Giménez Esther - - 2010
A fast and simple chromatographic method to determine biotin in foods is presented. Biotin is extracted using papain (60 degrees C, 1 h). After pH adjustment and filtration, biotin is determined by LC with fluorescence detection using postcolumn reagent avidin-FITC (avidin labeled with fluorescein isothiocyanate). The method has been validated ...
Zamani Nasim - - 2010
Accidental opium intoxication in children is an extremely dangerous poisoning if it remains undiagnosed and untreated. The classic triad of miosis, decreased level of consciousness and bradypnea, which are the hallmarks of opiate intoxication, are used for the diagnosis of opium poisoning in adults and children. Little attention has been ...
Sicignano Nicholas - - 2010
Although asthma has been previously associated with preterm delivery and low birthweight, evidence supporting a relationship between IVF and asthma remains inconclusive. The purpose of this study was to characterize asthma experiences in the oldest IVF-conceived generation in the USA. A cross-sectional study was conducted among 173 young adults (age: ...
Just Jocelyne - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Persistent asthma in adults starts often early in childhood and is associated with alterations in respiratory function that occur early in life. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate the importance of innate and environmental factors associated with occurrence of asthma during childhood in a population of ...
Mohangoo Ashna D - - 2010
PURPOSE: The prevalence of asthma symptoms among preschool children is difficult to determine with accuracy because no gold standard is available for diagnosis. The aim of this study was to compare parent-reported wheezing or shortness of breath among infants as assessed by questionnaire and physician-interview. METHODS: We studied 1,202 children ...
Garcia-Marcos Luis - - 2010
Risk factors for wheezing during the first year of life (a major cause of respiratory morbidity worldwide) are poorly known in non-affluent countries. We studied and compared risk factors in infants living in affluent and non-affluent areas of the world. A population-based study was carried out in random samples of ...
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