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Delavenne Anne - - 2012
This longitudinal study compared the temporal characteristics of maternal singing at 3 and then at 6 months. Infant-directed (ID) singing is claimed to have different functions in preverbal communication. However few studies have focused on the specific characteristics of ID singing that change across the first months of life. We ...
Tampo Akihito - - 2012
Vallecular cysts are rare but cause respiratory failure in neonates and infants by obstructing the upper airway. They may also cause problems with direct laryngoscopy and tracheal intubation, and there have been several reports of difficult airway management because of a vallecular cyst in infants (1, 2). We describe successful ...
Reddy Vasudevi - - 2012
Complying with directives is an important indicator of developing cooperativeness and of the awareness of others' intentions for one's own actions. Nonetheless, little is known about the early emergence of compliance. In the present longitudinal study, we explore this phenomenon in naturalistic settings in two cultural groups. Nine middle-class urban ...
Goswami Gaurav G Departments of Pediatrics, LLRM, Medical College, Meerut, UP, and *Government Medical College, Chandigarh, - - 2013
To compare analgesic effect of direct breast feeding, 25% dextrose solution and placebo as we give 1st intramuscular whole cell DPT injection to 6week - 3month old infants. Randomized, placebo controlled trial. Immunization clinic of Department of Pediatrics, LLRM Medical College. Infants coming for their 1st DPT vaccination were randomized ...
Talbott John A - - 2012
ABSTRACT: This interview, with Professor Daniel Stern conducted on February 16, 2012, by Dr. John Talbott, reviews the field of infant psychiatry, the history of which goes back more than 100 years. Sigmund Freud, then Melanie Klein, Anna Freud, Donald Winnicott, and, finally, Margaret Mahler, all psychoanalysts, influenced its development. ...
Meehan Courtney L - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: Previous research among foragers and theory suggests that nonmaternal caregivers offer essential assistance, which supports female reproduction and the costs associated with lengthy child development. Mothers' face trade-offs in energy allocation between work and childcare, particularly when mothers have an infant. These trade-offs likely have crucial impacts on the ...
Wahl Sebastian - - 2013
This study investigates the effects of attention-guiding stimuli on 4-month-old infants' object processing. In the human head condition, infants saw a person turning her head and eye gaze towards or away from objects. When presented with the objects again, infants showed increased attention in terms of longer looking time measured ...
Rossano Federico - - 2012
We investigated 1-year-old infants' ability to infer an adult's focus of attention solely on the basis of her voice direction. In Studies 1 and 2, 12- and 16-month-olds watched an adult go behind a barrier and then heard her verbally express excitement about a toy hidden in one of two ...
Sakkalou Elena - - 2012
Previous studies have reported that infants selectively reproduce observed actions and have argued that this selectivity reflects understanding of intentions and goals, or goal-directed imitation. We reasoned that if selective imitation of goal-directed actions reflects understanding of intentions, infants should demonstrate stability across perceptually and causally dissimilar imitation tasks. To ...
Montirosso Rosario - - 2012
We examined whether there are differences in the lateralization of expressive gestures in infants during normal and stressful interactions with their mothers and the relations between their gestures. Thirty full-term 6-12 month-old infants were videotaped during the Face-to-Face Still-Face paradigm. We coded the occurrence and lateralization of infant self-directed and ...
Guo Hongyan H Laboratory of Medical Molecular Virology, School of Medicine, Nankai University, Tianjin, PR - - 2012
Understanding the properties of viruses preferentially establishing infection during perinatal transmission of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) is critical for the development of effective measures to prevent transmission. A previous study demonstrated that the newly transmitted viruses (in infants) of chronically infected mother-infant pairs (MIPs) were fitter in terms ...
Abiaka Clifford - - 2012
This study assessed the role of oxidative stress in parturition in Omani mothers following growing reports that late preterm neonates were at greater risk than term neonates of perinatal death. Venous blood samples were collected during labour, and cord (neonatal) blood samples were taken after childbirth in late preterm and ...
Burnum Kristin E - - 2012
Preterm birth is a global health issue impacting millions of mothers and babies. However, the etiology of preterm birth is not clearly understood. Our recent finding that premature decidual senescence with terminal differentiation is a cause of preterm birth in mice with uterine Trp53 deletion, encoding p53 protein, led us ...
Hernik Mikolaj - - 2012
Human infants readily interpret others' actions as goal-directed and their understanding of previous goals shapes their expectations about an agent's future goal-directed behavior in a changed situation. According to a recent proposal (Luo & Baillargeon, 2005), infants' goal-attributions are not sufficient to support such expectations if the situational change involves ...
Schechter T - - 2012
Background: Unfractionated heparin (UFH) is a widely used anticoagulant. Current American College of Chest Physicians guidelines for infants extrapolated from adults recommends 28U/kg/hr of UFH to achieve an anti-Xa level of 0.35-0.7 IU/ml. Objective: We assessed the profile of anti-Xa-based UFH dosing guidelines in infants. Patients/Methods: We included all infants ...
Vento Máximo - - 2012
This article describes aerobic metabolism, oxygen free radicals, antioxidant defenses, oxidative stress, inflammatory response and redox signaling, the fetal to neonatal transition, arterial oxygen saturation, oxygen administration in the delivery room, oxygen during neonatal care in the NICU, evolving oxygen needs in the first few weeks of life, and complications ...
Arslan Mehmet - - 2012
To investigate the role of erythrocyte free radical scavenging enzyme activities (FRSE), carbonic anhydrase (CA) activity and malondialdehyde (MDA) in infants with myelomeningocele (MM). MATERIAL and We compared antioxidant enzyme activities and MDA level in 40 individuals (10 infants with MM, 10 healthy infants; and mothers of these two groups) ...
Sommerville Jessica A - - 2012
A critical question for developmental psychologists concerns how representations in infancy are best characterized. Past and current research provides paradoxical evidence regarding the nature of early representations: in some ways, infants appear to build concrete and specific representations that guide their online perception and understanding of different events; in other ...
Melek M - - 2012
To measure the oxidant/antioxidant status of newborn babies with oesophageal atresia and their mothers, compared with healthy control subjects. This case-control study included 40 participants: 10 newborns with oesophageal atresia and their mothers, and 10 healthy newborns and their mothers. Whole blood malondialdehyde (MDA) levels and the activities of antioxidant ...
Kurepa Dalibor - - 2012
Infants of diabetic mothers (IDMs) are at increased risk for metabolic complications. Type 1 and some type 2 diabetic patients have elevated levels of the ketone bodies acetoacetate (AA) and β-hydroxybutyrate (BHB). The aim of this study was to examine how hyperketonemia in diabetic mothers affects markers of inflammation and ...
Candy T Rowan TR Indiana University School of Optometry, Bloomington, Indiana 47405, USA. - - 2012
To determine the accommodative accuracy of infants and young children before they had had any form of clinical intervention or treatment, in an attempt to determine the difference between 'normal' and 'abnormal' visual experience for these individuals. Nott retinoscopy was performed on 111 subjects in binocular viewing conditions at a ...
Falix Farah A - - 2011
Hepatoblastoma is a malignant pediatric liver tumor. The currently used diagnostic serum marker for hepatoblastoma, α-fetoprotein (AFP), is not always reliable in infants with hepatoblastoma, due to the physiologically elevated levels of AFP in this age group. In this report, we show that Delta-like 1 homolog (DLK1), a protein highly ...
Lien Tina Y - - 2011
Many children are affected by atopic dermatitis (AD) at a very young age. I often consider whether nonpharmacologic interventions could prevent or mitigate the development of AD. Do breastfeeding or changes to the maternal diet help prevent the development of childhood AD? The American Academy of Pediatrics suggests that lactating ...
Bitar Mohamed A - - 2011
Aim:  Management of acute otitis media (AOM) in infants younger than 2 months old is controversial. It varies between treatment on an outside basis, and hospitalization for intravenous antibiotics and sepsis work-up based on variability of the reported AOM pathogens in this particular group. Our aim is to identify clinical indicators ...
Malabarey Ola T - - 2011
OBJECTIVES: Pregnancy in young adolescents is often understudied. The objective of our study was to evaluate the effect of young maternal age on adverse obstetrical and neonatal outcomes. METHODS: We conducted a population-based cohort study using the Center for Disease Control and Prevention's Linked Birth-Infant Death and Fetal Death data ...
Rigato Silvia - - 2013
In this study, 4-month-old infants' and adults' spontaneous preferences for emotional and neutral displays with direct and averted gaze are investigated using visual preference paradigms. Specifically, by presenting two approach-oriented emotions (happiness and anger) and two avoidance-oriented emotions (fear and sadness), we asked whether the pattern of emotion-gaze interaction suggested ...
Otsuka Yumiko - - 2011
We examined the ability of young infants (3- and 4-month-olds) to detect faces in the two-tone images often referred to as Mooney faces. In Experiment 1, this performance was examined in conditions of high and low visibility of local features and with either the presence or absence of the outer ...
Vicenik Chad J - - 2011
Previous research has shown that infants and adults can discriminate between prosodically similar languages using only prosodic cues. These experiments were designed to determine whether listeners use pitch cues or segmental duration and timing cues (i.e., rhythm cues) in language discrimination. We tested American English learning 7-month-old infants and adults ...
Gomez Borja - - 2011
We performed a 7-year registry-based retrospective study. We included 1365 infants younger than 3 months of age with fever without a source; 81 (5.9%) had <5000 leukocytes/mm. Among the 1021 well-appearing 29- to 90-day-old infants, prevalence of serious bacterial infection (SBI) was 13.8% for those with a normal white blood ...
Tréguier C - - 2011
Irreducible developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) in newborns is a rare entity. The different obstacles preventing reduction have been described in the literature. A clinical form of DDH with hypertrophy of the cartilage of the acetabular roof (acetabular bulge) can be reliably identified on ultrasound and should probably be ...
Pillai Riddell Rebecca - - 2011
Acute pain and distress during medical procedures are commonplace for young children. To assess the efficacy of nonpharmacological interventions for acute procedural pain in children up to three years of age. Study inclusion criteria were: participants <3 years of age, involved in a randomized controlled or crossover trial, and use ...
Luo Yuyan - - 2011
As adults, we know that others' mental states, such as beliefs, guide their behavior and that these mental states can deviate from reality. Researchers have examined whether young children possess adult-like theory of mind by focusing on their understanding about others' false beliefs. The present research revealed that 10-month-old infants ...
Hauck Fern R - - 2011
Racial and ethnic disparities in infant mortality in the United States seem to defy all attempts at elimination. Despite national priorities to eliminate these disparities, black infants are 2.5 times more likely to die in infancy compared with non-Hispanic white infants. This disparity is largely related to the greater incidence ...
Mintegi Santiago - - 2011
We analyzed 239 febrile infants <3 months of age with a positive urine culture to examine their characteristics. Patients with altered urine dipstick showed more commonly alterations of the biologic markers for bacterial infection, and Escherichia coli was more commonly isolated. Febrile young infants with positive urine culture and negative ...
Harrison Marissa A - - 2011
Facial attractiveness has been studied extensively, but little research has examined the stability of facial attractiveness of individuals across different stages of development. We conducted a study examining the relationship between facial attractiveness in infants (age 24 months and under) and the same individuals as young adults (age 16-18 years) ...
Winkel Bo Gregers - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Inherited disease may be causative in many young sudden unexpected death cases. Autopsy is essential in the counselling of the bereaved, as the family of the victim may be at risk too. In a nationwide setting operating under the same set of laws, we hypothesized that regional differences exist ...
Kis Anna - - 2011
In this paper, we describe a behaviour pattern similar to the "A-not-B" error found in human infants and young apes in a monkey species, the common marmosets (Callithrix jacchus). In contrast to the classical explanation, recently it has been suggested that the "A-not-B" error committed by human infants is at ...
Brockington Ian - - 2011
This article reviews severe disorders of the mother-infant relationship involving emotional rejection of the infant in the first year of its life. Infants exposed to their mother's hatred and rage may suffer far-ranging and long-term disadvantages, and are at risk of maltreatment. Diagnosis, therapy and research have been hampered by ...
Elias Abdallah F - - 2011
A young infant presented with a febrile respiratory illness, irritability, and failure to thrive. Clinical evaluation identified that he had profound hypovitaminosis D with severe hypocalcemia and active pulmonary tuberculosis. We review the literature and discuss the current state of knowledge of the interrelationship between Mycobacterium infection and vitamin D ...
Zouari Asma - - 2011
Despite high vaccination coverage rates, there has been a gradual increase in reported pertussis cases. Although whooping cough affects all ages, young infants continue to suffer the greatest pertussis disease burden. Adolescents and adults are the primary source of infection for young babies. In this paper, we report two cases ...
Khanal Sudhir - - 2011
The mortality rates of infants and children aged less than five years are declining globally and in Nepal but less among neonates. Most deliveries occur at home without skilled attendants, and most neonates may not receive appropriate care through the existing medical systems. So, a community-based pilot programme-Morang Innovative Neonatal ...
Small Susan A - - 2011
OBJECTIVE:: The aim of this study was to investigate the maturational time course of the occlusion effect in infants with normal hearing. The objectives were (i) to investigate the occlusion effect in a larger group of young infants, (ii) to determine whether the occlusion effect is seen in bone conduction ...
Ertmer David J - - 2012
This investigation examined the time course and sequence of prelinguistic vocal development during the first year of cochlear implant (CI) experience. Thirteen children who were implanted between 8 and 35 months and 11 typically developing (TD) infants participated in this longitudinal study. Adult-child play interactions were video- and audio-recorded at ...
Kawahara Hisayoshi - - 2011
Background: Perianal abscess (PA) is a common condition acquired in infancy, yet its treatment method remains controversial. We reviewed the outcome of neonates and young infants with PA who were treated with the traditional Japanese medicine, hainosankyuto (TJ-122). Methods: Fifteen male infants with PA under the age of 3 months ...
Fodey Terence L - - 2011
The illegal adulteration of milk with melamine in 2008 in China led to adverse kidney and urinary tract effects in hundreds of thousands of children and the reported deaths of six. The milk had been deliberately adulterated to elevate the apparent protein content and subsequently melamine was detected in many ...
Bertoncini Josiane - - 2011
Young deaf children using a cochlear implant develop speech abilities on the basis of speech temporal-envelope signals distributed over a limited number of frequency bands. A Headturn Preference Procedure was used to measure looking times in 6-month-old, normal-hearing infants during presentation of repeating or alternating sequences composed of different tokens ...
Keefe Douglas H DH Boys Town National Research Hospital, 555 North 30th Street, Omaha, Nebraska 68131, USA. - - 2011
The greatest difference in distortion product otoacoustic emission (DPOAE) suppression tuning curves (STCs) in infant and adult ears occurs at a stimulus frequency of 6 kHz. These infant and adult STCs are much more similar when constructed using the absorbed power level of the stimulus and suppressor tones rather than ...
van der Aa L B - - 2011
  Infants with atopic dermatitis (AD) have a high risk of developing asthma. We investigated the effect of early intervention with synbiotics, a combination of probiotics and prebiotics, on the prevalence of asthma-like symptoms in infants with AD.   In a double-blind, placebo-controlled multicentre trial, ninety infants with AD, age ...
de Muinck Eric J - - 2011
Despite that Escherichia coli is one of the most important bacteria in early infant colonization and immune modulation, we have limited knowledge about diversity, transmission and persistence within human populations for this bacterium. Here we have utilized a novel, growth-independent, direct typing approach to describe E. coli mother-to-child transmission and ...
Macheret Fima - - 2011
Idiopathic purpura fulminans is a cutaneous thrombotic disorder usually caused by autoimmune-mediated protein C or S deficiency. This disorder typically presents with purpura and petechiae that eventually slowly or rapidly coalesce into extensive, necrotic eschars on the extremities. We present the first known case of idiopathic purpura fulminans consistent with ...
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