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Results 501 - 550 of 589
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Arshad S H - - 1991
This population-based prospective study assessed the relationship between pets and atopic disorders in infancy. One or more pets were found in 61.4% of households. Pets were found in homes with a family member affected by asthma or rhinitis as often as in homes with no allergy in the family. The ...
Fivaz B H - - 1990
Angora goat kids and yearlings grazing irrigated Kikuyu (Pennisetum clandestinum) grass pastures in the eastern Cape Province, became heavily infected with Teladorsagia circumcincta and Trichostrongylus rugatus, leading to high mortality in both age groups. Peak burdens of the former were recorded during March and May, and of the latter during ...
Livingstone V H - - 1990
Failure to thrive and insufficient milk are common reasons given for terminating breast-feeding early. Mothers often doubt their natural ability to successfully suckle a young infant. This perceived inadequacy may be reinforced by health professionals who advise supplemental formula feeds to ensure rapid weight gain before an accurate diagnosis has ...
Schwartz Y A - - 1990
The statistical data for asthma mortality in Israel from 1960 to 1986 are presented. From the analysis of the data it is clear that the asthma mortality rates in Israel were among the lowest reported (for the general population as well as for the 5 to 34-year age group), although ...
Fernando R - - 1990
The National Poisons Information Centre (NPIC) in Sri Lanka was established in January 1988. It received 353 enquiries in the first year of which 37% concerned pesticide poisoning. More than half the instances were of self-poisoning; consistent with the high suicide rate in the island. Over a quarter of poisoning ...
Anthony J A - - 1990
Land use associations and changes in population indices were assessed for an urban population of raccoons (Procyon lotor) in Baltimore, Maryland (USA), from January 1984 to December 1987. Records were examined for 1,458 raccoons trapped alive and removed dead from city streets during, and after, the peak of a rabies ...
Priel B - - 1990
Explored prospectively were the temperamental dimensions involved in the modulation of wheeziness in infancy. Subjects were 69 infants, 4 to 8 months old, referred to the emergency room because of wheeziness, and a control group of 30 infants, 4 to 8 months old, referred to the emergency room because of ...
Woolf D A - - 1990
Fifteen Omani infants, ranging between 2 and 4 months of age, with acute lead encephalopathy underwent plain skeletal radiology. X-rays in all 15 infants revealed dense metaphyseal bands in long bones. These were best seen around the knee joint. Six infants had evidence of multiple lead lines indicating previous episodes ...
Campbell S - - 1990
All deaths ascribed to asthma in the 5-to-40-year age group at the Wayne County Medical Examiners' Office were reviewed from 1975 to 1987 inclusive. Fifty-eight deaths were attributed solely to asthma, and the annual number increased fivefold in the 1980s to a rate of approximately 0.5 per 100,000 per year ...
Little R E - - 1990
Arsenic intoxication is a common form of heavy metal poisoning. Although arsenic-induced circulatory collapse, seizures, and syncope are well known, the potential for serious ventricular arrhythmias is less well recognized. Reported in this study are two cases of arsenic poisoning causing torsade de pointes. Furthermore, marked prolongation of the QT-U ...
Burgess E D - - 1990
Malathion is an organophosphate pesticide that can cause respiratory failure and death in humans. In vitro studies suggested that hemoperfusion may be valuable in treating malathion poisoning. We found that although the charcoal column may effect reasonable clearance in the first 2 hours of use, prolonged hemoperfusion may require changing ...
Hathaway E H - - 1989
To evaluate intraindividual and between-machine variability in DLCO, one technician performed triplicate measurement of DLCO in eight healthy subjects on three consecutive days using three different systems (Collins [C], Gould [G], SRL [S]) on five separate occasions over the course of 1 yr. For each subject and machine, we calculated ...
Sly R M - - 1989
One might expect prevalence of asthma to affect rates of mortality due to asthma. In France, asthma prevalence at 1350 m is less than at sea level. Calculation of asthma mortality rates for blacks and whites 5 to 34 years of age in 1980 for counties in the USA with ...
Sears J - - 1989
A method for the treatment of lead poisoning in mute swans (Cygnus olor) is described. Chelation therapy, using sodium calcium edetate, was successful in resolving the clinical signs of lead poisoning in 49% of cases. Individually ringed swans were monitored after their release to the wild, in order to assess ...
Katz S A - - 1989
Chromium compounds are among the impregnants that enhance the ability of carbon air filters to absorb and destroy toxic agents such as CK and AC. The possibility of inhaling chromium-containing carbon dust from such filters has caused concern because, in addition to being an essential nutrient, chromium has been identified ...
Hettiarachchi J - - 1989
An epidemiology study of poisoning was done in a geographically defined area in rural Sri Lanka, a developing agricultural country. The incidence of poisoning was 75 per 100,000 population and the death rate was very high (22 per 100,000 population). Both were highest in the age group 15-34 and there ...
Hickson G B - - 1989
Nine infants with apparent life-threatening events that occurred as a result of poisoning by a caretaker are described. These episodes were characterized by apnea plus some combination of color change, choking or gagging, and abnormal muscle tone. Five of the infants responded to vigorous stimulation, and four required cardiopulmonary resuscitation. ...
Colletti R B - - 1989
Recurrent vomiting is a common symptom in infancy that, when severe, may prompt an extensive diagnostic evaluation. We report a 1-year-old infant whose recurrent vomiting eluded diagnosis until ipecac syrup was detected in vomitus and urine. Separation of the infant from the mother resulted in complete resolution of the symptoms. ...
Anthoni U - - 1989
The occurrence of tetramethylammonium ion (TMA) in marine organisms is reviewed. The pharmacological action of TMA is also discussed, with special emphasis on the sign and symptoms experienced by oral poisonings. It is concluded that the major manifestations of TMA poisonings may be attributed to interactions with the autonomous nervous ...
Bose R - - 1989
1. HCl-extract of poisonous shellfish was injected i.p. into Swiss-Webster mice. 2. Behavioral effects (sluggishness, scratching, huddling, clonic convulsions, respiratory distress and mortality) were noted. 3. Infant mice were more sensitive than were the adults to XTRT toxicity. Estimated LD50 values were; adult: 34.8 ml/kg i.p., infant: 9.6 ml/kg i.p. ...
Rantio-Lehtimäki A - - 1989
The penetration of Cladosporium spores and spore aggregates into human airways was studied using three different spore sampling methods: 1) a Burkard spore trap for determining the aggregation degree of Cladosporium; two samplers, simulating the human respiratory system, 2) a 6-stage Andersen 2000 sampler, and 3) a new size-selective bioaerosol ...
Burney P - - 1988
A recent increase in asthma mortality has been reported in several countries. Such increases can be brought about by changes in factors acting close to the time of death, but they may also be caused by risk factors determined by the generation into which a person is born, as indicated ...
Jackson R - - 1988
Recent international trends in asthma mortality among people aged five to 34 years were examined as a follow-up to an epidemic of asthma deaths in the late 1970s which appeared to be confined to New Zealand. Mortality rates were compared in 14 countries with suitable statistics; Australia, Canada, England and ...
Schatz M - - 1988
To assess the safety of inhaled beta-agonist bronchodilators during pregnancy, perinatal outcomes in 259 prospectively managed women with asthma using these medications during pregnancy were compared to perinatal outcomes in 101 concurrently followed pregnant subjects with asthma not using inhaled bronchodilators and to perinatal outcomes in 295 concurrently followed pregnant ...
Jackson G P - - 1988
Asthma mortality in New Zealand from 1976 to 1985 was examined, covering the years of an epidemic of asthma deaths. Using Reinken et al's socioeconomic classification of neighbourhoods in New Zealand, asthma death rates were compared in areas of high, middle and low social need. There was a marked difference ...
Greenberger P A - - 1988
Eighty pregnancies in 73 gravidas with severe asthma who required inhaled and/or systemic corticosteroids were reported in an attempt to define the effects of asthma and its treatment on the outcome of pregnancy. No maternal deaths occurred. Infants delivered from gravidas who experienced at least one episode of status asthmaticus ...
Amirav I - - 1988
Co-administration of intravenous albuterol and theophylline resulted in increased theophylline clearance in a child with severe asthma. This required a threefold increase in theophylline dosage to maintain therapeutic serum theophylline concentrations. The possible effect of intravenous albuterol on theophylline metabolism was further supported by a 50 percent decrease in theophylline ...
Eichelbaum M - - 1988
Debrisoquine (DQ) has no chiral centre, but hydroxylation in position 4 leads to formation of an asymmetric carbon centre with two possible enantiomers, their absolute configuration being R(-) and S(+)-4-hydroxydebrisoquine (4-OHDQ). Since the absolute stereochemistry of the 4-hydroxylation of DQ in man is unknown, the enantioselectivity of this process was ...
Caravati E M - - 1988
A case of infant clonidine poisoning from a transdermal patch that had been worn for five days by an adult and then discarded is described. The infant became hypotensive with a systolic blood pressure of 38 mm Hg, and a dopamine infusion was required for six hours to maintain adequate ...
De Alwis L B - - 1988
Mortality resulting from agrochemicals met within the Office of the Judicial Medical Officer, Colombo, which is the premier Medico-legal Institute in Sri Lanka, are analysed over a 3-year period and the morbidity and mortality rates of the entire country are examined over a 10-year period. The number of patients admitted ...
Kinnula V - - 1988
To determine the factors associated with deaths from asthma we surveyed retrospectively all the death certificates issued in two regions of Finland (the province of Oulu and the province of Turku and Pori) over a ten-year period in which asthma had been given as the main cause of death. We ...
Popp W - - 1988
In a prospective study the occurrence of rye-specific IgG4 was investigated. We compared 17 bakers with clinical symptoms of bakers' asthma and a more than 100% increase in specific airway resistance following rye dust provocation to 16 bakers who showed neither symptoms of asthma nor an increase in specific airway ...
Hasebe T - - 1987
A ten-year longitudinal study of all civil commitments was conducted in a mid-sized county in Washington State, beginning with the 1974 effective date of a more stringent commitment law and encompassing the introduction of more lenient criteria five years later. A major finding was the increase in the number of ...
Siegel S C - - 1987
Death from asthma has been known to occur since its original descriptions in ancient times. Even in the eighteenth century some risk factors for death, such as delayed or inadequate treatment, were recognized. Autopsies performed on some patients dying of asthma in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries did not show ...
Bousquet J - - 1987
Deaths caused by asthma are now recognized in all western countries, but they were only lately accepted in France because Laennec and Trousseau denied that patients with asthma may die of asthma. The "epidemic" of asthma deaths of the 1960s was not observed. Since 1968, it appears that asthma deaths ...
Tan C T - - 1987
This study presents the pattern of suicidal poisoning deaths in Singapore for 1975 to 1984. A total of 282 suicidal poisoning deaths investigated at the Department of Pathology were retrospectively analysed. It was found that for the ten year period, death by poisoning was the third most popular method of ...
Pener H - - 1987
Susceptibility of the leishmaniasis vector sandfly Phlebotomus papatasi (Scopoli) to three insecticides was assessed on a colony originating in the Jordan Valley, Israel. Results are considered to show susceptibility to DDT and permethrin. The results for methoxychlor indicated the possibility of heterogeneity in the population and tolerance towards this compound.
Esdaile J M - - 1987
The 1960s epidemic of asthma deaths that affected young persons in England and Wales, as well as in other countries, was attributed to the effect of newly available pressurized aerosols containing sympathomimetic bronchodilators. The subsequent decision to ban the nonprescription sale of these agents in the United Kingdom represented a ...
Panter K E - - 1987
Approximately 250 sheep were poisoned and died from ingesting death camas (Zygadenus paniculatus) within a 2-day period on a foothill range in southeastern Idaho. Sixty to 70% of the poisoned sheep were 80-90 lb lambs and the rest were mature ewes. Poisonings were confirmed by field investigation, microhistological analysis of ...
Onyon L J - - 1987
In the UK there was an increase in the annual number of deaths associated with paraquat poisoning between 1966 and 1975. Since that time there has been little change in numbers. High mortality is associated commonly with suicidal intent. Serious accidental poisoning from paraquat has never been frequent in the ...
Toyoshima K - - 1987
Forty-eight wheezy infants were followed up for 25 to 44 months. These infants were classified into three groups: those with asthma (developed asthma later), the wheezy group (had successive wheezing episodes), and the non-wheezy group (grew out of the wheezy episodes). Serum IgE levels at the first visit were not ...
Beck H I - - 1987
An analysis of the month of birth in 210 patients with atopic dermatitis and a positive prick test towards the house dust mite (Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus) showed a significantly higher prevalence of birth in the interval May to November when compared with the expected distribution (p less than 0.01). A subdivision ...
Awad elKarim M A - - 1987
Byssinosis, other respiratory symptoms, and ventilatory capacity were investigated in 186 male spinners in two Sudanese textile mills located in Khartoum and Hassaheisa. The prevalence of byssinosis was 37% among Khartoum spinners where coarse cotton was processed, significantly higher (p less than 0.01) than the 1% found among Hassaheisa spinners, ...
Sears M R - - 1986
Causes for the high mortality from asthma in New Zealand were investigated by comparing deaths from asthma in caucasian subjects aged 15-64 in New Zealand with those from asthma in the same age group in two regions in England. There were no significant differences in the accuracy of death certification. ...
Sly R M - - 1986
Since 1979 there has been a progressive increase in rates of death from asthma in the United States. This increase in mortality has been most extreme among blacks. It has occurred in all regions of the U.S. as well as some other countries. The problem requires further study to identify ...
el-Sharkawi A M - - 1986
During an investigation by X-ray fluorescence of platinum uptake in the kidney after chemotherapy with cisplatin, lead was found to have accumulated in the kidney in four subjects. The average kidney lead burden in one case exceeded 800 micrograms/g. Although two of the subjects had been occupationally exposed to lead, ...
McConnochie K M - - 1986
Bronchiolitis is a common lower respiratory tract illness in infants and has substantial acute morbidity and sequelae. To identify risk factors for bronchiolitis, a case-control study was conducted in which 53 subjects who had bronchiolitis were matched with two controls who had no bronchiolitis in infancy. In multivariate analysis, direct ...
Fitzsimons R - - 1986
We report on the outcome of 56 pregnancies in 51 women with severe asthma requiring prednisone and/or beclomethasone dipropionate. There were no malformations, neonatal deaths, or maternal deaths. The overall incidence of premature (less than 37 weeks gestational age) and low birth-weight infants (less than or equal to 2500 gr) ...
Orr M B - - 1986
To determine the prevalence of excessively worn incisors (XSW) and periodontal disease (PD) in sheep in Dunedin City, Silverpeaks, Bruce and Clutha Counties, the incisors of 4049 mixed age ewes on 83 farms selected at random were examined between December 1983 and February 1984. Of these ewes, 14.9% had XSW ...
Haider S - - 1986
Relative toxicity of technical and commercial formulations of malathion and endosulfan were evaluated by determining LC50 values and their 95% confidence interval end points for 24, 48, 72, and 96 hr exposure to Channa punctatus using the "trimmed Spearman-Karber method." The commercial formulations of malathion and endosulfan were 1.176 and ...
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