Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 552
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Coates J R - - 1992
Although asthma may be a prominent feature in many cases of terminal illness, it is often incorrectly named as the cause of death. It is difficult to assess asthma death in the older age groups where psychosocial factors are prominent. This review looks at the certification by general practitioners of ...
Mellis C M - - 1992
Most wheezy infants do not have a significant medical problem, and most will outgrow the condition in early childhood. A small proportion, however, have troublesome asthma and suffer significant morbidity (such as severe episodes of breathlessness and persistent distressing cough, and are often admitted to hospital). These infants should be ...
Arshad S H - - 1992
A total of 1167 infants were followed for 1 year in a population-based prospective study to assess the effect of environmental factors on the development of allergic disorders. Some of these environmental factors are interdependent. Mothers who formula fed their infants smoked more often (p less than 0.001) and tended ...
Campbell D A - - 1992
OBJECTIVE: To assess the accuracy of asthma statistics from death certificates in South Australia. DESIGN: Comparison of death certificate coding with expert panel assessments of causes of death after interviews with certifying doctors, regular medical practitioners and close acquaintances of the deceased. SUBJECTS: 261 subjects for whom the term "asthma", ...
Uspensky I - - 1992
A phenomenon of host substitution by the taiga tick (Ixodes persulcatus) larvae was observed by the authors in the western part of the Soviet Far East. In the mountain forests where the highest abundance of I. persulcatus was found, larvae usually fed on small mammals (primarily on Clethrionomys rufocanus, C. ...
Putnam M R - - 1991
Effects of the endophyte Acremonium coenophialum in tall fescue on pregnant mares and foal viability were evaluated. Twenty-two mature pregnant mares were randomly chosen to graze either Kentucky-31 tall fescue that was free from A coenophialum (endophyte-free, EF) or tall fescue infected with A coenophialum (endophyte-present, EP) after the first ...
Soong W J - - 1991
Amphetamine poisoning is rare in children. Here we report two male infants with acute poisoning due to accidental amphetamine ingestion. One infant had a family history of drug abuse and the other was due to poor supervision of the parents. Although typical clinical symptoms and signs (including restlessness, hyperactivity, hypertension, ...
Bown D N - - 1991
Applications of bendiocarb produced a high insecticidal residual effect lasting up to 3 months on the most common indoor house surfaces. No significant decreases in mosquito man-biting rate levels were observed between treated and untreated villages. It was shown that almost equal proportions of intra- and peridomicillary mosquitoes came into ...
Pranzatelli M R - - 1991
Two young children, 5 and 30 months of age, developed acute transient dyskinesias. The novel features of these patients were classic orobuccal-lingual dyskinesias, their young ages, and the association with asthma and theophylline. The movements resembled tardive dyskinesias of older patients on neuroleptics, but neither patient had any exposure to ...
Young S - - 1991
BACKGROUND: Airway responsiveness to inhaled nonspecific bronchoconstrictive agents has been demonstrated in normal, healthy infants. However, it is unknown whether airway responsiveness is present from birth or if it develops as a result of subsequent insults to the respiratory tract. To investigate this question, we assessed airway responsiveness in 63 ...
Osterman J W - - 1991
Standardized French and English versions of the American Thoracic Society (ATS) respiratory disease questionnaire were administered to 204 English-speaking and 406 French-speaking male blue-collar aviation workers unexposed to occupational respiratory hazards. After adjusting for smoking status, age, years of education, foreign birth and maternal language other than French or English, ...
Schatz M - - 1991
OBJECTIVE: To compare the incidence of transient tachypnea of the newborn (TTN) in infants of asthmatic vs nonasthmatic mothers. RESEARCH DESIGN: Case-control analysis. SETTING: Group model health maintenance organization. PATIENTS: A volunteer sample of 294 pregnant asthmatic women and 294 pregnant nonasthmatic women with normal pulmonary function test results, matched ...
Terazawa K - - 1991
A man was found dead in a tank where gaseous dimethyl sulfide (DMS) was present. The concentrations of DMS in the blood and tissue samples were measured by gas chromatography. Mice were experimentally exposed to various concentrations (5%-55%) of gaseous DMS in a confined space and the course of death ...
Arshad S H - - 1991
This population-based prospective study assessed the relationship between pets and atopic disorders in infancy. One or more pets were found in 61.4% of households. Pets were found in homes with a family member affected by asthma or rhinitis as often as in homes with no allergy in the family. The ...
Fivaz B H - - 1990
Angora goat kids and yearlings grazing irrigated Kikuyu (Pennisetum clandestinum) grass pastures in the eastern Cape Province, became heavily infected with Teladorsagia circumcincta and Trichostrongylus rugatus, leading to high mortality in both age groups. Peak burdens of the former were recorded during March and May, and of the latter during ...
Livingstone V H - - 1990
Failure to thrive and insufficient milk are common reasons given for terminating breast-feeding early. Mothers often doubt their natural ability to successfully suckle a young infant. This perceived inadequacy may be reinforced by health professionals who advise supplemental formula feeds to ensure rapid weight gain before an accurate diagnosis has ...
Schwartz Y A - - 1990
The statistical data for asthma mortality in Israel from 1960 to 1986 are presented. From the analysis of the data it is clear that the asthma mortality rates in Israel were among the lowest reported (for the general population as well as for the 5 to 34-year age group), although ...
Fernando R - - 1990
The National Poisons Information Centre (NPIC) in Sri Lanka was established in January 1988. It received 353 enquiries in the first year of which 37% concerned pesticide poisoning. More than half the instances were of self-poisoning; consistent with the high suicide rate in the island. Over a quarter of poisoning ...
Anthony J A - - 1990
Land use associations and changes in population indices were assessed for an urban population of raccoons (Procyon lotor) in Baltimore, Maryland (USA), from January 1984 to December 1987. Records were examined for 1,458 raccoons trapped alive and removed dead from city streets during, and after, the peak of a rabies ...
Priel B - - 1990
Explored prospectively were the temperamental dimensions involved in the modulation of wheeziness in infancy. Subjects were 69 infants, 4 to 8 months old, referred to the emergency room because of wheeziness, and a control group of 30 infants, 4 to 8 months old, referred to the emergency room because of ...
Woolf D A - - 1990
Fifteen Omani infants, ranging between 2 and 4 months of age, with acute lead encephalopathy underwent plain skeletal radiology. X-rays in all 15 infants revealed dense metaphyseal bands in long bones. These were best seen around the knee joint. Six infants had evidence of multiple lead lines indicating previous episodes ...
Campbell S - - 1990
All deaths ascribed to asthma in the 5-to-40-year age group at the Wayne County Medical Examiners' Office were reviewed from 1975 to 1987 inclusive. Fifty-eight deaths were attributed solely to asthma, and the annual number increased fivefold in the 1980s to a rate of approximately 0.5 per 100,000 per year ...
Little R E - - 1990
Arsenic intoxication is a common form of heavy metal poisoning. Although arsenic-induced circulatory collapse, seizures, and syncope are well known, the potential for serious ventricular arrhythmias is less well recognized. Reported in this study are two cases of arsenic poisoning causing torsade de pointes. Furthermore, marked prolongation of the QT-U ...
Burgess E D - - 1990
Malathion is an organophosphate pesticide that can cause respiratory failure and death in humans. In vitro studies suggested that hemoperfusion may be valuable in treating malathion poisoning. We found that although the charcoal column may effect reasonable clearance in the first 2 hours of use, prolonged hemoperfusion may require changing ...
Hathaway E H - - 1989
To evaluate intraindividual and between-machine variability in DLCO, one technician performed triplicate measurement of DLCO in eight healthy subjects on three consecutive days using three different systems (Collins [C], Gould [G], SRL [S]) on five separate occasions over the course of 1 yr. For each subject and machine, we calculated ...
Sly R M - - 1989
One might expect prevalence of asthma to affect rates of mortality due to asthma. In France, asthma prevalence at 1350 m is less than at sea level. Calculation of asthma mortality rates for blacks and whites 5 to 34 years of age in 1980 for counties in the USA with ...
Sears J - - 1989
A method for the treatment of lead poisoning in mute swans (Cygnus olor) is described. Chelation therapy, using sodium calcium edetate, was successful in resolving the clinical signs of lead poisoning in 49% of cases. Individually ringed swans were monitored after their release to the wild, in order to assess ...
Katz S A - - 1989
Chromium compounds are among the impregnants that enhance the ability of carbon air filters to absorb and destroy toxic agents such as CK and AC. The possibility of inhaling chromium-containing carbon dust from such filters has caused concern because, in addition to being an essential nutrient, chromium has been identified ...
Hettiarachchi J - - 1989
An epidemiology study of poisoning was done in a geographically defined area in rural Sri Lanka, a developing agricultural country. The incidence of poisoning was 75 per 100,000 population and the death rate was very high (22 per 100,000 population). Both were highest in the age group 15-34 and there ...
Hickson G B - - 1989
Nine infants with apparent life-threatening events that occurred as a result of poisoning by a caretaker are described. These episodes were characterized by apnea plus some combination of color change, choking or gagging, and abnormal muscle tone. Five of the infants responded to vigorous stimulation, and four required cardiopulmonary resuscitation. ...
Colletti R B - - 1989
Recurrent vomiting is a common symptom in infancy that, when severe, may prompt an extensive diagnostic evaluation. We report a 1-year-old infant whose recurrent vomiting eluded diagnosis until ipecac syrup was detected in vomitus and urine. Separation of the infant from the mother resulted in complete resolution of the symptoms. ...
Anthoni U - - 1989
The occurrence of tetramethylammonium ion (TMA) in marine organisms is reviewed. The pharmacological action of TMA is also discussed, with special emphasis on the sign and symptoms experienced by oral poisonings. It is concluded that the major manifestations of TMA poisonings may be attributed to interactions with the autonomous nervous ...
Bose R - - 1989
1. HCl-extract of poisonous shellfish was injected i.p. into Swiss-Webster mice. 2. Behavioral effects (sluggishness, scratching, huddling, clonic convulsions, respiratory distress and mortality) were noted. 3. Infant mice were more sensitive than were the adults to XTRT toxicity. Estimated LD50 values were; adult: 34.8 ml/kg i.p., infant: 9.6 ml/kg i.p. ...
Rantio-Lehtimäki A - - 1989
The penetration of Cladosporium spores and spore aggregates into human airways was studied using three different spore sampling methods: 1) a Burkard spore trap for determining the aggregation degree of Cladosporium; two samplers, simulating the human respiratory system, 2) a 6-stage Andersen 2000 sampler, and 3) a new size-selective bioaerosol ...
Burney P - - 1988
A recent increase in asthma mortality has been reported in several countries. Such increases can be brought about by changes in factors acting close to the time of death, but they may also be caused by risk factors determined by the generation into which a person is born, as indicated ...
Jackson R - - 1988
Recent international trends in asthma mortality among people aged five to 34 years were examined as a follow-up to an epidemic of asthma deaths in the late 1970s which appeared to be confined to New Zealand. Mortality rates were compared in 14 countries with suitable statistics; Australia, Canada, England and ...
Schatz M - - 1988
To assess the safety of inhaled beta-agonist bronchodilators during pregnancy, perinatal outcomes in 259 prospectively managed women with asthma using these medications during pregnancy were compared to perinatal outcomes in 101 concurrently followed pregnant subjects with asthma not using inhaled bronchodilators and to perinatal outcomes in 295 concurrently followed pregnant ...
Jackson G P - - 1988
Asthma mortality in New Zealand from 1976 to 1985 was examined, covering the years of an epidemic of asthma deaths. Using Reinken et al's socioeconomic classification of neighbourhoods in New Zealand, asthma death rates were compared in areas of high, middle and low social need. There was a marked difference ...
Greenberger P A - - 1988
Eighty pregnancies in 73 gravidas with severe asthma who required inhaled and/or systemic corticosteroids were reported in an attempt to define the effects of asthma and its treatment on the outcome of pregnancy. No maternal deaths occurred. Infants delivered from gravidas who experienced at least one episode of status asthmaticus ...
Amirav I - - 1988
Co-administration of intravenous albuterol and theophylline resulted in increased theophylline clearance in a child with severe asthma. This required a threefold increase in theophylline dosage to maintain therapeutic serum theophylline concentrations. The possible effect of intravenous albuterol on theophylline metabolism was further supported by a 50 percent decrease in theophylline ...
Eichelbaum M - - 1988
Debrisoquine (DQ) has no chiral centre, but hydroxylation in position 4 leads to formation of an asymmetric carbon centre with two possible enantiomers, their absolute configuration being R(-) and S(+)-4-hydroxydebrisoquine (4-OHDQ). Since the absolute stereochemistry of the 4-hydroxylation of DQ in man is unknown, the enantioselectivity of this process was ...
Caravati E M - - 1988
A case of infant clonidine poisoning from a transdermal patch that had been worn for five days by an adult and then discarded is described. The infant became hypotensive with a systolic blood pressure of 38 mm Hg, and a dopamine infusion was required for six hours to maintain adequate ...
De Alwis L B - - 1988
Mortality resulting from agrochemicals met within the Office of the Judicial Medical Officer, Colombo, which is the premier Medico-legal Institute in Sri Lanka, are analysed over a 3-year period and the morbidity and mortality rates of the entire country are examined over a 10-year period. The number of patients admitted ...
Kinnula V - - 1988
To determine the factors associated with deaths from asthma we surveyed retrospectively all the death certificates issued in two regions of Finland (the province of Oulu and the province of Turku and Pori) over a ten-year period in which asthma had been given as the main cause of death. We ...
Popp W - - 1988
In a prospective study the occurrence of rye-specific IgG4 was investigated. We compared 17 bakers with clinical symptoms of bakers' asthma and a more than 100% increase in specific airway resistance following rye dust provocation to 16 bakers who showed neither symptoms of asthma nor an increase in specific airway ...
Hasebe T - - 1987
A ten-year longitudinal study of all civil commitments was conducted in a mid-sized county in Washington State, beginning with the 1974 effective date of a more stringent commitment law and encompassing the introduction of more lenient criteria five years later. A major finding was the increase in the number of ...
Siegel S C - - 1987
Death from asthma has been known to occur since its original descriptions in ancient times. Even in the eighteenth century some risk factors for death, such as delayed or inadequate treatment, were recognized. Autopsies performed on some patients dying of asthma in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries did not show ...
Bousquet J - - 1987
Deaths caused by asthma are now recognized in all western countries, but they were only lately accepted in France because Laennec and Trousseau denied that patients with asthma may die of asthma. The "epidemic" of asthma deaths of the 1960s was not observed. Since 1968, it appears that asthma deaths ...
Tan C T - - 1987
This study presents the pattern of suicidal poisoning deaths in Singapore for 1975 to 1984. A total of 282 suicidal poisoning deaths investigated at the Department of Pathology were retrospectively analysed. It was found that for the ten year period, death by poisoning was the third most popular method of ...
Pener H - - 1987
Susceptibility of the leishmaniasis vector sandfly Phlebotomus papatasi (Scopoli) to three insecticides was assessed on a colony originating in the Jordan Valley, Israel. Results are considered to show susceptibility to DDT and permethrin. The results for methoxychlor indicated the possibility of heterogeneity in the population and tolerance towards this compound.
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