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Silveira Patrícia Pelufo PP Departamentos de Pediatria, Faculdade de Medicina-Hospital de Clínicas de Porto Alegre, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Ramiro Barcelos, 2350, Largo Eduardo Zaccaro Faraco, 90035-903, Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil, - - 2015
Large retrospective, epidemiological studies accumulated in the late 1980s, providing increasing evidence to the deeply rooted thought that perinatal events could persistently affect the individual's functioning and health/disease patterns throughout the lifetime. Evidences of such associations can be found in the literature since the beginning of the twentieth century, but ...
Larguía A Miguel AM Division Neonatology, Hospital Materno Infantil R. Sardá, Esteban De Luca 2151, Ciudad Autónoma de Buenos Aires, Argentina, - - 2015
Over the past 10 years, there has been outstanding scientific progress related to perinatal programming and its epigenetic effects in health, and we can anticipate this trend will continue in the near future. We need to make use and apply these achievements to human neurodevelopment via prevention interventions. Based on ...
Harris Elaine E Our Lady's Children's Hospital, Crumlin, - - 2014
Breastfeeding is the healthiest way for a woman to feed her infant. The World Health Organization/United Nations International Children's Emergency Fund ( 1989 ) launched the Baby-Friendly Hospital Initiative to protect, promote and support breastfeeding in maternity services. However, this initiative focuses on healthy and full-term infants. While it remains ...
Clark Lisa L Lisa Clark is a Nurse Practitioner Newborn Nursery, Stony Brook University Hospital, and Adjunct Clinical Assistant Professor, Stony Brook University, School of Nursing, Stony Brook, NY. Annie Rohan is Director of Pediatric Research, Stony Brook University, School of Nursing, Stony Brook, NY, and a Nurse Practitioner, Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, Cohen Children's Medical Center of the North Shore-LIJ Health System, New Hyde Park, NY. She can be reached via e-mail at - - 2014
As the rate of opioid prescription grows, so does fetal exposure to opioids during pregnancy. With increasing fetal exposure to both prescription and nonprescription drugs, there has been a concurrent increase in identification of Neonatal Withdrawal Syndrome (NWS) and adaptation difficulties after birth. In addition, extended use of opioids, barbiturates, ...
Jacob Jack J Pediatrix Medical Group, Center for Research and Education, Sunrise, - - 2014
Infant mortality is an indicator of overall societal health, and a significant proportion of infant deaths occur in NICUs. The objectives were to identify causes of death and to define potentially preventable factors associated with death as areas for quality improvement efforts in the NICU. In a prospectively defined study, ...
Becker Kristian C KC Duke Clinical Research Institute, Durham, North - - 2014
Objective Infants with congenital heart disease (CHD) receiving prostaglandins (PGEs) may be at an increased risk for necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC). Enteral feeding may further increase the risk of NEC in these patients. We evaluated the incidence of NEC and its association with enteral feeding in infants with ductal-dependent CHD. Study Design We ...
Xu Kate - - 2014
BackgroundPreterm birth, a leading cause of neonatal death, is more common in multiple births and thus there has being an increasing call for reducing multiple births in ART. However, few studies have compared risk factors for preterm births amongst ART and non-ART singleton birth mothers.MethodsA population-based study of 393,450 mothers, ...
Wardlaw Tessa - - 2014
The world has made enormous progress in improving child survival since 1990, reducing the under-five mortality rate by nearly half from 90 to 46 deaths per 1,000 live births in 2013. Currently, the global under-five mortality rate is falling faster than at any other time over the past two decades. ...
Bell Edward F EF Department of Pediatrics, University of Iowa, 200 Hawkins Drive, Iowa City, Iowa, USA, - - 2014
Most premature infants are physiologically not sufficiently mature to orally ingest all of their required water and nutrients. Therefore, premature infants rely on their caregivers to regulate their volume of water intake. Thus, the caregiver must determine the amount of water to be given each day to such infants. To ...
Paul Catherine C Université d'Auvergne, Faculté de Pharmacie, Clermont-Ferrand, - - 2014
Breastfeeding is the optimal method for feeding a newborn. However, some mothers may have difficulties lactating. Domperidone is widely used as a galactagogue but to the best of our knowledge has not been approved by any health authority. The objective of this review was to assess the benefit-risk ratio of ...
Morgan Jessie J Hull York Medical School & Centre for Reviews and Dissemination, University of York, York, UK, Y010 - - 2014
Early enteral feeding practices are potentially modifiable risk factors for necrotising enterocolitis in very preterm or very low birth weight (VLBW) infants. Observational studies suggest that conservative feeding regimens, including slowly advancing enteral feed volumes, reduce the risk of necrotising enterocolitis. However, slow feed advancement may delay establishment of full ...
Hama Ikuko I Division of Neonatology, National Center for Child Health and - - 2014
Congenital cystic lung disease (CCLD), which includes congenital cystic adenomatoid malformation, bronchopulmonary sequestration, and congenital lobar emphysema, has been reported to increase the risk of recurrent respiratory infection. In particular, the respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) causes severe lower respiratory tract disease in high-risk infants. The objective of this study was ...
Vandenplas Y Y UZ Brussel, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Laarbeeklaan 101, 1090 Brussels, - - 2014
Regurgitation, constipation, excessive crying/fussiness, infantile colic and gassiness are frequent GI manifestations in young infants and result in numerous visits to paediatricians and in many cases in unnecessary change of formulas. The aim of this study was to offer paediatricians consensus based and simple algorithms for the management of the ...
Backes C C Center for Perinatal Research, Nationwide Children's Hospital, Columbus, Ohio, USA The Heart Center, Nationwide Children's Hospital, Columbus, Ohio, USA Departments of Pediatrics & Obstetrics and Gynecology, The Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center, Columbus, Ohio, - - 2014
Evidence is growing on the potential value of enhancing placental-fetal transfusion at birth, with recent endorsement of the practice by the World Health Organization and American College of Gynecologists. However, these recommendations provide clinicians with little guidance on the optimal practice among infants born extremely premature (<28 weeks gestation) and ...
Guy Alexa A Department of Health Sciences, University of Leicester, Leicester, United Kingdom; School of Psychology, University of Warwick, Coventry, United - - 2014
To assess the prevalence of positive screens using the Modified Checklist for Autism in Toddlers (M-CHAT) questionnaire and follow-up interview in late and moderately preterm (LMPT; 32-36 weeks) infants and term-born controls. Population-based prospective cohort study of 1130 LMPT and 1255 term-born infants. Parents completed the M-CHAT questionnaire at 2-years corrected ...
Vitale S G SG Department of Medical Surgical Specialties Gynecology and Obstetrics Section, University of Catania, Catania, Italy - - - 2014
Preterm birth (PTB) is usually defined as a delivery before 37 completed weeks or 259 days of gestation. World Health Organization estimates a worldwide incidence of PTB of 9.6%. Infants born preterm are at higher risks than infants born at term for mortality, and acute and chronic morbidity. Major causes ...
Shaw Jonathan G JG Center for Innovation to Implementation, the National Center for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder, the Women's Health Section, and the Health Economics Resource Center, Department of Veterans Affairs, Palo Alto Health Care System, Palo Alto, and the March of Dimes Center for Prematurity Research at Stanford, the Centers for Health Policy/Primary Care & Outcomes Research, the Division of General Medical Disciplines, and the Departments of Obstetrics & Gynecology and Pediatrics, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, - - 2014
To evaluate the association between antenatal posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and spontaneous preterm delivery. We identified antenatal PTSD status and spontaneous preterm delivery in a retrospective cohort of 16,334 deliveries covered by the Veterans Health Administration from 2000 to 2012. We divided mothers with PTSD into those with diagnoses present ...
Sherrow Tammy T Mount Royal University, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Calgary, Alberta (Ms Sherrow); Respiratory Home Care Clinic, Alberta Children's Hospital and Alberta Health Services, Calgary (Ms Dressler-Mund); Early Child Development Team, Child Development Centre, Alberta Health Services, Calgary (Ms Kowal); Perinatal Follow-up Clinic, Alberta Children's Hospital, Alberta Health Services, Calgary (Ms Dai); private practice and Alberta Health Services, Calgary (Ms Wilson); and Neonatal Transition Team, Postpartum Community Health Services, Alberta Health Services, Calgary, Canada (Ms - - 2014
Gastroesophageal reflux and gastroesophageal reflux disease symptoms are common challenges for very low-birth-weight infants (<1500 g). These symptoms frequently result in feeding difficulties and family stress. Management of symptoms across healthcare disciplines may not be based on current evidence, and inconsistency can result in confusion for families and delayed interventions. ...
Morgan Jessie J Hull York Medical School & Centre for Reviews and Dissemination, University of York, York, UK, Y010 - - 2014
The introduction of enteral feeds for very preterm (less than 32 weeks' gestation) or very low birth weight (VLBW; less than 1500 g) infants is often delayed for several days or longer after birth due to concern that early introduction may not be tolerated and may increase the risk of ...
Shapiro-Mendoza Carrie K CK Division of Reproductive Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia; - - 2014
Use of potentially hazardous bedding, as defined by the American Academy of Pediatrics (eg, pillows, quilts, comforters, loose bedding), is a modifiable risk factor for sudden infant death syndrome and unintentional sleep-related suffocation. The proportion of US infants sleeping with these types of bedding is unknown. To investigate the US ...
Hakeem Ghaidaa F GF Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Jewish General Hospital, McGill University, Montreal, - - 2014
The objective of our study is to measure the incidence of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS), estimate the birth to death interval, and identify associated maternal and infant risk factors. We carried out a population-based cohort study on 37 418 280 births using data from the Centers for Disease Control ...
Palatianou M E ME Laboratory of Physiology, Medical School, University of Ioannina, Ioannina, - - 2014
Recent studies in USA, Europe, and across the world have revealed a continuous increase of mean birth weight in the last 2 decades. Strong evidence exists from several studies indicating that individuals born with a low birth weight are more likely to present cardiometabolic complications in later life. So far, ...
Fowler Tara Trudnak TT Tara Trudnak Fowler (tara.fowler@altarum.org) was a senior research manager at AcademyHealth at the time of this study. She is now a senior researcher at Altarum Institute, in Alexandria, - - 2014
Reducing early elective deliveries has become a priority for Medicaid medical directors and their state partners. Such deliveries lead to poor health outcomes for newborns and their mothers and generate additional costs for patients, providers, and Medicaid, which pays for up to 48 percent of all births in the United States ...
Bylander Jessica J Jessica Bylander (jbylander@projecthope.org) is a senior editor at Health Affairs, in Bethesda, - - 2014
The Best Babies Zone Initiative aims to improve birth outcomes with concentrated efforts in neighborhoods in need.
Campbell Susan B SB University of Pittsburgh, USA - - 2014
Infant siblings of children with an autism spectrum disorder are at heightened genetic risk to develop autism spectrum disorder. We observed high risk (n = 35) and low risk (n = 27) infants at 11 months during free play with a parent. Children were assessed for autism spectrum disorder in toddlerhood. High-risk infants with a ...
Kim Sunmi S School of Public Health, Seoul National University, Seoul, Republic of Korea; Institute of Health & Environment, Seoul National University, Seoul, Republic of - - 2014
Phthalates have been associated with endocrine disruption and developmental effects in many experimental and epidemiological studies. Developing infants are among the most susceptible populations to endocrine disruption. However, limited information is available on phthalate exposure and its associated risks among breast-fed newborn infants. In the present study, breast milk samples ...
Rossor Thomas T Division of Asthma, Allergy and Lung Biology, MRC and Asthma UK Centre in Allergic Mechanisms of Asthma, King's College London, London, England, - - 2014
Pulmonary hypertension (PH) is a common finding in infants with bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD). The aim of this review is to describe recent advances in the diagnosis and treatment of PH and discuss whether they will benefit infants and children with BPD related PH. Echocardiography remains the mainstay of diagnosis but ...
Hayman Rebecca M RM Children's Emergency Department, Starship Hospital, Auckland, New - - 2014
Accidental suffocation during sleep, leading to death, has been described as due to overlay or wedging of infants, particularly in a bed-sharing situation. Bed sharing is a risk factor for sudden infant death syndrome but the mechanism of death is not clearly defined. Accidental suffocation may be one such mechanism. ...
Faust Saul N SN NIHR Wellcome Trust Clinical Research Facility, University Hospital Southampton NHS Foundation Trust and Academic Unit of Clinical & Experimental Sciences, University of Southampton, United - - 2014
The role of Clostridium difficile in causing disease in infants is unclear, and the existence of C. difficile infection (CDI) in this population is controversial. As part of the drug licensing process for new CDI therapies, a Pediatric Investigation Plan is required to define studies in infants <2 years old. ...
Nisar Yasir Bin YB Sydney School of Public Health, The University of Sydney, Sydney, New South Wales, - - 2014
The aim of the current study was to examine the impact of antenatal iron-folic acid (IFA) supplementation on perceived birth size and birthweight in Pakistan over a 5-year period from 2002 to 2006. The data source was the Pakistan Demographic and Health Survey (PDHS) 2006-2007. Information from 5692 most recent ...
Vlaardingerbroek Hester H Department of Pediatrics, Emma Children's Hospital - AMC, Amsterdam, The - - 2015
Postnatal growth failure is still one of the most commonly observed morbidities in preterm infants. Intolerance of enteral nutrition is a common problem in these infants and in neonates with surgical conditions. Therefore, adequate parenteral nutrition is crucial to support organ development, including that of the brain. Short-term studies on ...
Hintz Susan R SR Department of Pediatrics, Stanford University School of Medicine; California Perinatal Quality of Care Collaborative (CPQCC)-California Children's Services (CCS) High Risk Infant Follow-Up Quality of Care Initiative. Electronic address: - - 2014
To determine rates and factors associated with referral to the California Children's Services high-risk infant follow-up (HRIF) program among very low birth weight (BW) infants in the California Perinatal Quality of Care Collaborative. Using multivariable logistic regression, we examined independent associations of demographic and clinical variables, neonatal intensive care unit ...
Andrade E E Department of Public Health, State University of Ceará (UECE), Fortaleza-CE, Brazil - - - 2014
To assess the pre and perinatal risk factors for cerebral palsy in premature infants, comparing them with full-term infants. This was a prospective cross-sectional cohort study on 48 infants between four and eight months of life, of whom 20 were born prematurely (< 37 weeks of gestational age) and 28 ...
Syvänen Johanna J Departments of Paediatric Orthopaedic Surgery (J.S., E.K., and I.H.) and Orthopaedic Surgery (J.S.), Turku University Central Hospital, Kiinamyllynkatu 4-8, 20520 Turku, Finland. E-mail address for J. Syvänen: - - 2014
The aims of this study were to determine the prevalence of congenital lower-limb reduction defects and associated mortality, to evaluate lower-limb deficiencies by type of reduction, and to identify patterns of associated anomalies. We conducted a population-based study with use of data from the Finnish Register of Congenital Malformations and ...
Huang Cunrui C Centre for Environment and Population Health, School of Environment, Griffith University, Brisbane, Qld. 4111, Australia; School of Public Health, Sun Yat-sen University, 74 Zhongshan Road #2, Guangzhou, Guangdong Province 510080, China. Electronic address: - - 2014
Seasonal patterns in mortality have been recognised for decades, with a marked excess of deaths in winter, yet our understanding of the causes of this phenomenon is not yet complete. Research has shown that low and high temperatures are associated with increased mortality independently of season; however, the impact of ...
Zhang Xin X School of Nursing, Peking Union Medical College & Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, Beijing, China (Ms Zhang and Dr. Liu); and Department of Nursing, Hungkuang University, Taiwan, China (Dr Lee); and School of Nursing, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland (Ms - - 2014
This systematic review evaluates the efficacy of various early interventions on maternal emotional outcomes, mother-infant interaction, and subsequent infant outcomes during neonatal intensive care unit admission and postdischarge. Key interventions associated with outcomes in both the neonatal intensive care unit and postdischarge (ie, home) settings are summarized. A comprehensive search ...
Kuizenga-Wessel Sophie S Department of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition, Emma Children's Hospital / Academic Medical Center, Amsterdam, the - - 2014
Functional constipation (FC) often begins in the first year of life. Although standard definitions and criteria have been formulated to describe FC, these are rarely used in research and clinical practice. To systematically assess how definitions and outcome measures are defined in therapeutic randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of infants with ...
Brødsgaard Anne A Department of Paediatrics, Hvidovre Hospital, The Capital Region, University of Copenhagen, - - 2014
A letter from Aydin et al (1) on our recently published study (2), states that topical clobetasol propionate should not be routinely used in infants because of the potential local and systemic side effects. We acknowledge that our study lacks information on potential systemic side effects, such as suppression of the ...
van Gelder Mmhj M Department for Health Evidence, Radboud University Medical Center, Nijmegen, the - - 2014
To study previously identified associations between specific maternal hypertensive disorders and/or prenatal exposure to antihypertensive medication and birth defects. Case-control study. Slone Birth Defects Study, 1998-2010. A total of 5568 cases with birth defects and 7253 liveborn infants without malformations as controls. Adjusted odds ratios (aORs) for birth defects associated ...
Karaca Ciǧdem Tepe CT Department of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Haydarpaşa Numune Educational and Research Hospital, Istanbul, - - 2014
To evaluate the frequency of risk factors and their influence on the evoked otoacoustic emission (OAE) of infants. All newborns between November 2009 and June 2012 in Haydarpaşa Numune Education and Research Hospital were tested on distortion evoked OAE screening test. Total of 2,284 infants were examined. Sex, maternal infectious ...
Hernik Mikołaj M Cognitive Development Center, Central European University, 1051 Budapest, Hungary. Electronic address: - - 2014
According to recent theoretical proposals, one function of infant goal attribution is to support early social learning of artifact functions from instrumental actions, and one function of infant sensitivity to communication is to support early acquisition of generic knowledge about enduring, kind-relevant properties of the referents. The current study tested ...
Lundequist Aiko A Department of Psychology, Stockholm University; Department of Women's and Children's Health, Karolinska - - 2014
This aim of this study was to investigate long-term cognitive outcome in a cohort of 18-year-olds born preterm and previously assessed at the age of five-and-a-half. We tested 134 adolescents born preterm with a very low birth weight of less than <1,500g and 94 term-born controls with a comprehensive cognitive ...
Sato Hiroko H Department of Pediatrics, Yamagata University School of Medicine, Yamagata, - - 2014
Neonates have physiologically increased bilirubin production and immature bilirubin metabolism, and present hyperbilirubinemia in association with genetic and or epigenetic factors. We previously reported that maximal body weight loss (inadequate feeding) is an independent risk factor for the development of hyperbilirubinemia in breast-fed Japanese neonates, and the UGT1A1 211G>A genotype ...
Yang Liu L Department of Epidemiology and Health Statistics, School of Public Health, Shandong University, Jinan, China; Jinan Municipal Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Jinan, Shandong, - - 2014
Maternal folic acid supplementation had a positive effect on preventing neural tube defects (NTDs), but its effects in infant asthma remained unclear. A hospital-based case-control study was conducted with outpatients between March 2010 and March 2011 including 150 onset infant asthma cases and 212 controls, together with a meta-analysis involving ...
Rubens Craig E CE Global Alliance to Prevent Prematurity and Stillbirth, Seattle Children's Hospital, Seattle, WA 98101, USA. - - 2014
Preterm birth is a leading cause of infant morbidity and mortality worldwide, but current interventions to prevent prematurity are largely ineffective. Preterm birth is increasingly recognized as an outcome that can result from a variety of pathological processes. Despite current research efforts, the mechanisms underlying these processes remain poorly understood ...
Cotton Mark F MF Division of Paediatric Infectious Diseases, Department of Pediatrics and Child Health, Stellenbosch University and Tygerberg Children's Hospital, Tygerberg, Cape Town, South - - 2014
Early initiation of combination antiretroviral therapy (ART) in infants below 12 weeks of age reduces morbidity and mortality. A recent report of transient HIV remission in a child beginning ART from the second day of life has focused attention on very early therapy in the first days of life. In ...
Jakubiak-Lasocka Joanna J Faculty of Environmental Engineering, Warsaw University of Technology, 20 Nowowiejska St., 00-653, Warsaw, Poland, - - 2014
Air pollution is the most important environmental health risk leading to premature mortality, respiratory and other health problems. The aim of this study was to quantify its impact on infants and children in Warsaw (Poland), following the principles of Health Impact Assessment method. Particulate matter (PM2.5 and PM10) was considered ...
Johnson Mark J MJ National Institute for Health Research, Southampton Biomedical Research Centre, University Hospital Southampton NHS Foundation Trust and University of Southampton, Southampton, UK; Department of Neonatal Medicine, Princess Anne Hospital, University Hospital Southampton NHS Foundation Trust, Southampton, - - 2014
Hospitalised children are at increased risk of malnutrition and preterm infants, in particular, often experience poor growth (1) This may be partly attributed to variability in nutritional care and a failure to meet nutritional targets, with the extent of nutritional deficits related to the degree of postnatal growth failure seen ...
Mallow E B EB Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Risk Sciences and Public Policy Institute, Baltimore, MD, - - 2014
Objective:To assess the types and magnitudes of non-endocrine toxic risks to neonates associated with medical device-related exposures to di(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate (DEHP).Study design:Dose-response thresholds for DEHP toxicities were determined from published data, as were the magnitudes of DEHP exposures resulting from neonatal contact with polyvinyl chloride (PVC) devices. Standard methods of risk ...
Litt Jonathan S JS Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA; Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA; Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Boston, MA. Electronic address: - - 2014
To evaluate the effect of an intensive early intervention on special service use at school-age. The Infant Health and Development Program was a randomized controlled trial of an intervention for low birth weight (<2500 g) infants ages 0-3 years. We used multivariate logistic regression to test the association between intervention and risk ...
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