Search Results
Results 1 - 50 of 643
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Allen Kimberly A KA University of Washington School of Health Sciences, - - 2014
Abusive head trauma in infants occurs in 24.6 to 39.8 per 100,000 infants in developed countries. Abusive head trauma refers to any type of intentional head trauma an infant sustains, as a result of an injury to the skull or intracranial contents from a blunt force and/or violent shaking. The ...
Zaritsky Joshua J JJ Department of Pediatrics, Nemours/A.I. duPont Hospital for Children, 1600 Rockland Road, Wilmington, DE 19803, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
An increased emphasis has been placed on the early identification of chronic kidney disease (CKD) in the neonatal population, given the long-term health consequences that can accompany this diagnosis. The definition of CKD in neonates and young infants differs from that of children older than 2 years and, if severe, treatment ...
Laubach Vickie V Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, Tripler Army Medical Center, 1 Jarrett White Road, MCHK-PE, Honolulu, HI 96859, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Attempting to mitigate operational and structural noise is important in improving the outcomes of high-risk preterm infants. It was anticipated that a culture change in nursing behaviors to include "Quiet Time" would result in reducing the noise levels towards the National Recommended Safe Sound Level. This culture change alone was ...
Carr Michael C MC Division of Urology, The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, 3rd Flr Wood Center, 34th Street & Civic Center Boulevard, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
The management of infants born with myelomeningocele depends on understanding how their bladder stores and empties urine. Storage at low pressure with effective emptying periodically throughout the day is the goal. Intervention is designed to impact on one or both of these processes so that infants can remain infection-free and ...
Scheans Patricia - - 2014
Maintaining high levels of readiness for neonatal resuscitation in low-risk maternity settings is challenging. The neonatal resuscitation program (NRP) algorithm is a community standard in the United States; yet training is biannual, and exposure to enough critical events to be proficient at timely implementation of the algorithm and the advanced ...
Cagle Kristi J - - 2014
A pneumomediastinum is an air leak in which the free air is concentrated in the mediastinum. Although most neonatal pneumomediastinums do not require intervention, complications such as subsequent air leaks can arise. Proper radiologic identification, as well as an understanding of the anatomy and pathophysiology associated with a pneumomediastinum, are ...
Bhatia Neera N Deakin University, Melbourne, VIC, Australia, - - 2014
This paper examines the few, but important legal and coronial cases concerning withdrawing or withholding life-sustaining treatment from severely disabled or critically impaired infants in Australia. Although sparse in number, the judgements should influence common clinical practices based on assessment of "best interests" but these have not yet been adopted. ...
Dassah Edward Tieru - - 2014
Data pertaining to risk factors associated with stillbirths and very low Apgar scores is very sparse. This study was conducted to determine the prevalence of, and examine the socio-demographic and obstetric factors associated with stillbirths and very low Apgar scores among vaginal births in a tertiary health facility, Ghana. A ...
Odoi Alexsandria A The Ritchie Centre, Monash Institute of Medical Research and Prince Henry's Institute and Monash University, Melbourne, - - 2014
Impaired arousal from sleep has been implicated in Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS). Sleeping in the prone position is a major risk factor for SIDS. Epidemiological studies have shown that pacifier use decreases the risk of SIDS, even when infants sleep prone. We examined spontaneous arousability in infants slept prone ...
March Melissa I MI Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology - - 2014
Abstract Objective: This study aimed to investigate the relationship between maternal hypertensive disease and other risk factors and the neonatal development of necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC). Methods: This was a retrospective case-control study of infants with NEC from 2008 to 2012. The primary exposure of interest was maternal hypertensive disease, which ...
He Qiqi Q Department of Urology, Key Laboratory of Disease of Urological Systems, Gansu Nepho-Urological Clinical Center, Second Hospital of Lanzhou University , Lanzhou, Gansu , China - - 2014
Abstract An epidemic of urinary tract stones was noted among infants in China, 2008. This event was believed to be associated with consumption melamine-contaminated powdered formula. The patients with symptoms and clinical manifests had already been analyzed in our previous studies. In this study, our aim is to investigate the ...
Göpel Wolfgang - - 2014
The mitochondrial m.1555A>G mutation is associated with a high rate of permanent hearing loss, if aminoglycosides are given. Preterm infants have an increased risk of permanent hearing loss and are frequently treated with aminoglycoside antibiotics. We genotyped preterm infants with a birth weight below 1500 grams who were prospectively enrolled ...
Callaghan Bridget L - - 2014
Early adversity increases the risk of nearly all mental health disorders. Although tractable animal models exist to probe the psychobiology of early adversity, the empirical research has focused largely on adult outcomes. In the current studies we examined how early exposure to the stress hormone corticosterone (CORT) affects the maturation ...
Sims Clark R - - 2014
Sepsis-induced acute kidney injury (SAKI) is a frequent complication of infant sepsis, which approximately doubles the mortality rate. The poor prognosis of these patients is a result of care that is mainly supportive, non-targeted and usually begun only after symptoms of the systemic inflammatory response syndrome are present.(1) Preclinical studies ...
Pan Yi-Ling YL Division of Physical Therapy, Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, National Taiwan University Hospital , Taipei , Taiwan, R.O.C. - - 2014
Abstract Purpose: Comprehensive description of functioning is important in providing early intervention services for infants with developmental delay/disabilities (DD). A code set of the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health: Children and Youth Version (ICF-CY) could facilitate the practical use of the ICF-CY in team evaluation. The purpose of ...
Jackson Dylan B DB Florida State University, Tallahassee, USA - - 2014
A number of studies have revealed that low birth weight children have a heightened risk of various maladaptive outcomes, including academic challenges and delinquent involvement. However, very little research to date has examined whether the relationship between low birth weight, poor academic performance, and delinquent peer affiliation is moderated by ...
Crowther Caroline A CA Liggins Institute, The University of Auckland, Private Bag 92019, 85 Park Road, Auckland, New - - 2014
Magnesium sulphate has been used in some settings as a tocolytic agent to inhibit uterine activity in women in preterm labour with the aim of preventing preterm birth. To assess the effects of magnesium sulphate therapy given to women in threatened preterm labour with the aim of preventing preterm birth ...
Romero Roberto R Perinatology Research Branch, Program for Perinatal Research and Obstetrics, Division of Intramural Research, Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD), National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD, Wayne State University/the Detroit Medical Center, Detroit, MI, USA. Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA. Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI, USA. - - 2014
Preterm birth is associated with 5 to 18% of pregnancies and is a leading cause of infant morbidity and mortality. Spontaneous preterm labor, a syndrome caused by multiple pathologic processes, leads to 70% of preterm births. The prevention and the treatment of preterm labor have been long-standing challenges. We summarize ...
Herion Nils J NJ Pennington Biomedical Research Center, Department of Developmental Biology, Baton Rouge, - - 2014
Gastrulation is the process in which the three germ layers are formed that contribute to the formation of all major tissues in the developing embryo. We here review mouse genetic models in which defective gastrulation leads to mesoderm insufficiencies in the embryo. Depending on severity of the abnormalities, the outcomes ...
Colditz Michael J MJ Perinatal Research Centre, The University of Queensland Centre for Clinical Research, Brisbane, Queensland, - - 2014
Subgaleal haemorrhage (SGH) is an important cause of preventable morbidity and mortality in the neonate. Its increased prevalence in recent years has coincided with the rise in the number of births assisted by vacuum extraction. Three deaths in Australia within the last 7 years have been the subject of two ...
Poorman Elisabeth E Department of Epidemiology, Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, Georgia, - - 2014
Text messaging is an increasingly popular communication tool in health interventions, but has been little studied in maternal and infant health. This literature review evaluates studies of text messaging that may be applied to the promotion of maternal and infant health. Articles from peer-reviewed journals published before June 2012 were ...
Hoyt Adrienne T AT Birth Defects Epidemiology and Surveillance Branch, Texas Department of State Health Services, Austin, - - 2014
It has been observed in several studies that infants with anotia/microtia are more common among Hispanics compared with other racial/ethnic groups. We examined the association between selected Hispanic ethnicity and acculturation factors and anotia/microtia in the National Birth Defects Prevention Study. We examined data from mothers of 351 infants with ...
Enomoto Tadao T NPO (Nonprofit Organization) Japan Health Promotion Supporting Network, Wakayama, - - 2014
Background: Probiotic administration may be a useful method for preventing allergies in infants; however, there have been controversial results about the efficacy. We investigated the effects of bifidobacterial supplementation on the risk of developing allergic diseases in the Japanese population. Methods: In an open trial, we gave Bifidobacterium breve M-16V ...
McCarty-Singleton Siobhan S Christiana Care Hospital, Newark, - - 2014
Activity restriction is one of the most common practices used for the prevention of preterm birth. Despite the lack of evidence to support the efficacy of activity restriction, and newer data that highlight potential harms to the mother, the intervention is still prescribed. This review of the literature describes the ...
Moya-Alvarez Violeta - - 2014
Albeit pregnancy-associated malaria (PAM) poses a potential risk for over 125 million women each year, an accurate review assessing the impact on malaria in infants has yet to be conducted. In addition to an effect on low birth weight (LBW) and prematurity, PAM determines foetal exposure to Plasmodium falciparum in ...
Olusanya Bo B Centre for Healthy Start Initiative, 286A Corporation Drive, Dolphin Estate, Ikoyi, P.O.Box 75130 VI, Lagos, - - 2014
Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) deficiency is an established worldwide risk factor for severe hyperbilirubinaemia. This literature review examined the pattern and management of severe hyperbilirubinaemia in low and middle-income countries (LMICs) where G6PD deficiency was 10% or more and found that it was frequently associated with neonatal mortality and, or, neurodevelopmental disorders. ...
Yang Mei M Department of Maternal and Child Health, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology , Wuhan , China - - 2014
Abstract Objectives: To explore the epidemiology characteristics of birth defects (BDs) in perinatal infants in Longgang District, Shenzhen City. Methods: Data used in this study was obtained from birth defects surveillance network during 2003 to 2009. The prevalence with 95% confidence interval of BDs by year, gender, household registration and ...
Graham Simon M SM *Countess of Chester Hospital, The Countess of Chester Health Park, Chester, Cheshire, UK †Beit Cure International Hospital, Blantyre, - - 2014
Developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) is rarely encountered in the native sub-Saharan African population. We present a retrospective review of the incidence of symptomatic DDH in Malawi and a systematic review of the role of back-carrying as a potential influence of prevalence in this population group. We retrospectively reviewed ...
Eckhardt Cara L - - 2014
The promotion of healthy infant feeding is increasingly recognized as an important obesity-prevention strategy. This is relevant for American Indian populations that exhibit high levels of obesity and low compliance with infant feeding guidelines. The literature examining the knowledge, attitudes, and beliefs surrounding infant feeding within the American Indian population ...
Kubo Ai - - 2014
For mothers with chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommends immunoprophylaxis to decrease perinatal transmission. However, its effectiveness and risk factors for failure have not been well-studied in community practice. To investigate the effectiveness of a contemporary immunoprophylaxis protocol. Observational study. An HBV ...
Wetta Luisa A LA Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Division of Maternal-Fetal Medicine, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, - - 2014
Preterm birth remains a considerable public health concern and priority. Little headway has been made in the prevention of preterm birth despite considerable research in this area. New ideas and treatments are desperately needed. The pessary has emerged as a possible treatment for the prevention of preterm birth in both ...
Niu Brenda B Obstetrics and Gynecology, Oregon Health & Science University, Portland, OR. Electronic address: - - 2014
Gestational diabetes type A1 (A1GDM), also known as diet-controlled gestational diabetes, is associated with an increase in adverse perinatal outcomes such as macrosomia and Erb's palsy. However, it remains unclear when to deliver these women because optimal timing of delivery requires balancing neonatal morbidities from early term delivery against the ...
Good Misty M Department of Pediatrics, Division of Newborn Medicine, Children's Hospital of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA, - - 2014
Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) is a devastating disease of premature infants and is associated with significant morbidity and mortality. While the pathogenesis of NEC remains incompletely understood, it is well established that the risk of disease is increased by the administration of infant formula and decreased by the administration of breast ...
Koh K K Department of Hematology/Oncology, Saitama Children's Medical Center, Saitama, - - 2014
Sixty-two infants with MLL gene-rearrangement-positive acute lymphoblastic leukemia (MLL-r ALL) were treated with the MLL03 protocol of the Japanese Pediatric Leukemia/Lymphoma Study Group: short-course intensive chemotherapy followed by early allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) within 4 months of the initial induction. The 4-year event-free survival (EFS) and overall survival ...
Avraham Sarit S Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Liss Maternitry Hospital, Tel-Aviv Medical Center, Tel-Aviv, Israel ; The Sackler School of Medicine, Tel-Aviv University, Tel-Aviv Medical Center, Tel-Aviv, - - 2014
Preterm birth is a global concern resulting in prematurity which is the leading cause of newborn death and long-term squeal in the survivors. In this review, we will summarize the data available to this date in regard to the causes, available interventions, and contemporary research for future applications.
Balain M M Embrace Transport Service, Sheffield Children's Hospital NHS Trust, Barnsley, - - 2014
Probiotics have been shown to reduce the risk for definite Necrotising enterocolitis (NEC) and all-cause mortality in very low birth weight babies without any significant adverse effects in > 5000 babies 1-3. Some neonatal units administer probiotics routinely to babies less than 1500g or 32 weeks gestation. PINC UK (Probiotics ...
Vandenplas Yvan Y Department of Pediatrics, Universitair Ziekenhuis Brussel, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Brussels, - - 2014
Presented are guidelines for the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of cow's milk protein allergy (CMPA) which is the most common food allergy in infants. It manifests through a variety of symptoms that place a burden on both the infant and their caregivers. The guidelines were formulated by evaluation of existing ...
Jain Sanjay S CMO & HOD Department of Microbiology, Hindu Rao Hospital , New Delhi, India - - 2014
Shigellosis is still an important public health problem in developing and under-developed countries. It may lead to rare but potentially fatal various extra intestinal complications like septicemia, involvement of CNS, urinary tract and liver especially in young malnourished children. The disease is difficult to prevent as only few bacteria are ...
Allegaert Karel K Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, University Hospitals Leuven, Leuven, Belgium; Department of Development and Regeneration, KU Leuven, - - 2014
Drug therapy is a powerful tool to improve outcome, but there is an urgent need to improve pharmacotherapy in neonates through tailored adverse drug reaction (ADR) prevention and management. At present, infants commonly receive off label drugs, using doses extrapolated from those in children or adults. Besides the lack of ...
Papanna Ramesha R Division of Maternal-Fetal Medicine, Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Sciences, UT Health School of Medicine, Houston, - - 2014
Preterm birth after fetoscopic laser surgery for twin-twin transfusion continues to be a major challenge despite improved survival rates. The risk factors for the complications have been identified, which include preterm premature rupture of membranes, cervical length shortening, larger cannula diameter, amnioinfusion, complicated procedure, and severe disease. The interventions to ...
Jones Cheryl A CA Discipline of Paediatrics and Child Health , Sydney Medical School and the Marie Bashir Institute for Infectious Diseases and Biosecurity, , The University of Sydney and the Department of Microbiology and Infectious Diseases, The Children's Hospital at - - 2014
 Neonatal herpes simplex virus (HSV) infection is uncommon, but mortality after disseminated disease and morbidity after encephalitis is high. For the last decade, increased dose and duration of acyclovir has been advised to prevent disease progression and recurrence. We sought to determine prospectively the epidemiologic, clinical and secular trends of ...
Urbańska Magdalena M Department of Paediatrics, The Medical University of Warsaw, 01184, Warsaw, Działdowska 1, Poland, - - 2014
We aimed to systematically evaluate evidence on the effectiveness of Lactobacillus reuteri DSM 17938 (L. reuteri) for treating and preventing diseases in infants and children. MEDLINE and the Cochrane Library were searched in December 2013, with no language restrictions, for relevant randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and meta-analyses. The search was ...
Iams Jay D JD Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center, Columbus, - - 2014
Recognition of preterm birth as the major underlying cause of infant mortality in the United States has placed responsibility for prevention in the hands of obstetrician-gynecologists. The advent of effective methods to identify and treat women with increased risk is a major advance that will alter the focus of prenatal ...
Gipson Tanjala T TT Tuberous Sclerosis Clinic, Kennedy Krieger Institute, Baltimore, Maryland; Department of Neurology and Developmental Medicine, Kennedy Krieger Institute, Baltimore, Maryland; Clinical Trials Unit, Hugo W. Moser Research Institute, Inc., Kennedy Krieger Institute, Baltimore, Maryland; Department of Neurology, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland. Electronic address: - - 2014
Infants born with tuberous sclerosis complex, a genetic condition resulting from a mutation in TSC1 or TSC2, are at increased risk for intellectual disability and/or autism. Features of epilepsy, neuropathology, genetics, as well as timing and type of mechanism-based medications have been proposed as risk factors. Neurodevelopmental outcomes have been ...
O'Keeffe Gerard W GW Irish Centre for Fetal and Neonatal Translational Research (INFANT), Cork University Maternity Hospital, Cork, Ireland; Department of Anatomy and Neuroscience, Biosciences Institute, University College Cork, Cork, Ireland. Electronic address: - - 2014
Identifying those infants most at risk for poor neurodevelopmental outcomes is crucial to allow for targeted surveillance or preventative interventions to be instigated from birth. One intriguing possibility is to use the molecular characteristics of the placenta at birth as a 'molecular barometer' of the in utero experience to predict ...
Fanni Daniela D Department of Pathology, University Hospital San Giovanni di Dio, AOU Cagliari and University of Cagliari, Cagliari, - - 2014
During the last years, human newborns have been overexposed to biologically reactive aluminum, with possible relevant consequences on their future health and on their susceptibility to a variety of diseases. Children, newborns and particularly preterm neonates are at an increased risk of aluminum toxicity because of their relative immaturity. Based ...
Torres Victorio V a Vihda Association , Nairobi , - - 2014
Although the attainment of Millennium Development Goal 4 (MDG 4), reducing under-five mortality by two-thirds by the year 2015, depends on optimizing breast-feeding practices in resource-limited settings, there are some conditions in which breast-feeding is impossible, contraindicated, or not recommended. The overall impact of involuntary nonbreast-feeding on the attainment of ...
Baker Christopher D CD aSection of Pulmonary Medicine and Pediatric Heart Lung Center, Department of Pediatrics, University of Colorado School of Medicine, Aurora, Colorado, USA bDepartment of Pediatrics, Center for Excellence in Pulmonary Biology, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, California, - - 2014
Advances in medical therapy have increased survival of extremely premature infants and changed the pathology of bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) from one of acute lung injury to a disease of disrupted lung development. With this evolution, new questions emerge regarding the molecular mechanisms that control postnatal lung development, the effect of ...
Murki Srinivas S Department of Pediatrics, Fernandez Hospital, Hyderabad, - - 2014
Respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) is a major disease burden in the developing countries. Current evidence supports early continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) use and early selective surfactant administration as the most efficacious interventions in the management of RDS, both in developed and developing countries. In developing countries, it is recommended ...
Alfaleh Khalid K Department of Pediatrics (Division of Neonatology), King Saud University, King Khalid University Hospital and College of Medicine, Department of Pediatrics (39), P.O. Box 2925, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, - - 2014
Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) and nosocomial sepsis are associated with increased morbidity and mortality in preterm infants. Through prevention of bacterial migration across the mucosa, competitive exclusion of pathogenic bacteria, and enhancing the immune responses of the host, prophylactic enteral probiotics (live microbial supplements) may play a role in reducing NEC ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >