Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 606
< 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 >
Maor Y - - 2001
We investigated the correlation between descriptive and valuational measures of health-related quality of life (HRQL) and assessed determinants affecting these measures. Our suspicion was that there is little similarity in the content of descriptive and valuational measures of HRQL. We thus conducted a cross-sectional observational study of 56 hemodialysis patients. ...
Díaz de Chumaceiro C L - - 2001
In response to the recent special issue of The American Journal of Psychoanalysis dedicated to Sándor Ferenczi's works, this article highlights his essay entitled, "A Little Chanticleer" as a first-of-its-kind legacy of a description of conscious and unconscious dynamics linked to a child's musical preferences in daily life. In addition ...
Kleiner G I - - 2001
BACKGROUND: A majority of angioedema arise from unknown etiologies. Angioedema may also arise from medications or deficiency of C1-esterase inhibitor (C1-INH); either of these may lead to recurrent, sometimes life-threatening attacks of subcutaneous or submucosal edema if the angioedema involves the tongue, throat, or larynx. We describe a patient with ...
Zecca E - - 2001
This study was designed to evaluate left ventricle dimensions in preterm infants during the first month of life, in order to define reference values and their correlation with gestational age, birth weight, gender and baseline. Thirty-five infants, gestational age 25-29 (mean 27.9 +/- 1.4) weeks, birth weight 750-1249 (mean 965 ...
Wong I C - - 2001
This postmarketing surveillance study of lamotrigine (LTG) was performed to provide complementary data to large-scale Prescription-Event Monitoring study with a retrospective case records survey in five tertiary referral epilepsy centres in the United Kingdom. Adverse events were recorded and compared with those of two other new antiepileptic drugs (AEDs), gabapentin ...
Mark E - - 2001
What does a confrontation between philosophy and psychoanalysis look like? My task is a philosophical investigation of a psychoanalytic concept. Thus, I offer a conceptual analysis of a concept that is used both clinically and as a part of a metapsychology. The concept that I investigate in this article is ...
Brinchmann B S - - 2001
This article will be concerned with the phenomenon of vitality, which emerged as one of the main findings in a larger grounded theory study about life and death decisions in hospitals' neonatal units. Definite signs showing the new-born infant's energy and vigour contributed to the clinician's judgements about life expectancy ...
Wilmoth J R - - 2000
Life expectancy at birth has roughly tripled over the course of human history. Early gains were due to a general improvement in living standards and organized efforts to control the spread of infectious disease. Reductions in infant and child mortality in the late 19th and early 20th century led to ...
van der Heide A - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To describe the frequency, background, and impact of decisions to give analgesic or other drugs that may, intentionally or unintentionally, shorten the life-span of severely ill neonates. SETTING: The Netherlands. DESIGN: Retrospective, cross-sectional study. PATIENTS: Questionnaires were mailed in The Netherlands to physicians reporting 338 consecutive deaths of infants ...
Hoeger P H - - 2000
We report a neonate with a rash that appeared on the second day of life in association with elevated body temperatures and increased C-reactive protein levels. The rash was evanescent and recurred on a daily basis during the first year of life. At 15 months, the infant developed swelling of ...
Choi J M - - 2000
Prenatal fetal echocardiography studies detected large multiple cardiac rhabdomyomas and led to the diagnosis of tuberous sclerosis. Despite episodes of bradyarrhythmias and severe lung compression in utero, the neonate did well and was discharged home on day 20 of life. On day 30 of life, the infant expired at home ...
Glover J J - - 2000
The purpose of this report is to provide pediatric surgeons with an ethical framework and a process for ethical decision making that can be applied to the difficult issues that arise in the care of infants with very low birth weight (VLBW). Clinical ethical issues focus around choices for surgical ...
de Vries E - - 2000
Age-matched reference values for lymphocyte subpopulations are generally obtained via cross-sectional studies, whereas patients are followed longitudinally. We performed a detailed longitudinal analysis of the changes in lymphocyte subpopulations in a group of 11 healthy infants followed from birth up to 1 y of age, with special attention for early ...
Mas C - - 2000
Rhabdomyomas are not uncommon in infants with tuberous sclerosis. We describe a neonate who presented with hydrops fetalis arising from a tachyarrhythmia during fetal life related to rhabdomyomas. After reversion of the arrhythmia, pre-excitation was noted on an interval electrocardiogram. Following regression of the tumours, the delta wave disappeared with ...
Naser C R - - 2000
In his Keynote address to the First Conference at Clemson University on Ethical Issues in Biomedical Engineering, George Bugliarello suggested that a most important ethical issue for bioengineering "is the positioning of the bio-machine interface." "Where," he asked, "should the biological organism end and the machine begin?" Central to this ...
Hodge G P - - 2000
Trompe l'oeil is a French term meaning fool-the-eye. When this concept is applied to the art of painting, the painted objects must look as convincingly real as do the actual objects. With the scientific illustrator having a background of rendering concepts which are realistic and accurate, he or she should ...
Conti S - - 1999
BACKGROUND: This study aims to evaluate the contribution of the reduction in major cardiovascular diseases (CVD), malignant neoplasms (MN), accidents and AIDS mortality to the gains in life expectancy observed during the decade 1985-1994, as well as to calculate and compare the potential gains due to the partial or total ...
Manson W G - - 1999
AIM: To measure the development of fat digestion in early life, using a stable isotope breath test. METHODS: A combined longitudinal and cross sectional study was performed on 30 term and preterm infants using 13C-labelled mixed triglyceride (MTG). Seventy six tests were performed in all. Results were expressed as cumulative ...
Waters P M - - 1999
BACKGROUND: The purposes of this study were to document the natural history of brachial plexus birth palsy, in relation to the recovery of biceps function, in the first six months of life; to assess the outcome after microsurgical repair of the brachial plexus in patients who had no recovery of ...
Ricci B - - 1999
PURPOSE: The purpose of this work was to study the values of intraocular pressure (IOP) in premature babies during the first month of life. METHODS: Using a hand-held applanation tonometer, IOP was measured in 40 eyes of 20 preterm infants (gestational age ranging from 26 to 32 weeks) shortly after ...
Romero A - - 1999
The frying life of two monoenoic oils, extra virgin olive oil (EVOO) and high oleic acid sunflower oil (HOSO), used to fry potatoes following a domestic frying model, by replenishing the oil in the fryer with fresh oil after each use to maintain the oil volume/fresh potato ratio, was studied ...
Yau K I - - 1999
BACKGROUND: Acute lower respiratory illness (LRI) early in life has been implicated as a factor for adverse respiratory outcomes later in life. Factors that predispose infants to LRI with wheezing have not been conclusively defined. OBJECTIVES: This prospective study assessed factors that might contribute to LRI with wheezing in the ...
Sabatakou O - - 1999
The surface pattern of the stomach and the small intestine of the rabbit was examined using SEM in stages ranging from 26 day of foetal to 24 days of post-natal life. The stomach glands were evident in the late foetuses and became gradually deeper after birth. The villi of the ...
Smith S L - - 1999
This article highlights the striking parallels in the history of birthing and dying as they moved from home to hospital in Canada in the twentieth century. It shows that deaths, like birth, has been hidden in hospitals only since mid-century. It demonstrates that the availability of paid and unpaid female ...
Rzymski K - - 1999
Seven skulls of newborns and of infants aged 3 weeks to 12 months were studied using computed tomography. Size of the maxillary sinuses was measured. Between 3rd and 12th week of life the ethmoidal sinus formed small spaces in ethmoidal labyrinth. Maxillary sinus could be noted at the level of ...
L P - - 1999
Using computerized tomography 7 human fetuses were examined, aging 24 to 39 weeks. Frontal sinus developes in the region of frontal recess of the frontal nasal meatus in a fetus aging 27 weeks. In the latter weeks of the fetal life the frontal recess of the middle nasal meatus transforms ...
Finn D - - 1998
In the lamb, the uncoupling protein-1 (UCP1) content of perirenal adipose tissue at birth is an important factor in heat production by non-shivering thermogenesis and the prevention of hypothermia. This study examines UCP1 gene expression and protein content in perirenal adipose tissue over the first 15 days of life by ...
Shimpo H - - 1998
The standardised mortality ratios (SMR) were obtained for dentists in Tokyo according to the causes of their deaths, in order to compare them with those for general Tokyo citizens. Furthermore, an abridged life table was prepared and those dentists' life expectancies were estimated. The materials used were 560 death certificates ...
Lenton T M - - 1998
Evidence indicates that the Earth self-regulates at a state that is tolerated by life, but why should the organisms that leave the most descendants be the ones that contribute to regulating their planetary environment? The evolving Gaia theory focuses on the feedback mechanisms, stemming from naturally selected traits of organisms, ...
Sohn W M - - 1998
The present study was performed to observe characteristics of the life history of Echinoparyphium recurvatum under both natural and laboratory conditions in Korea. A batch of Radix auricularia coreana was collected from Sunamchon, one of the stream of West Naktonggang (River), in Kangso-gu, Pusan during August and September 1992. Out ...
Britton J R - - 1998
With shorter postnatal hospital stays, concern has arisen that many infants may be discharged prior to completion of the transition to extrauterine life, a time of dynamic physiologic change when many neonatal problems may present. This article reviews the physiology of the neonatal transition together with common transitional disorders. Most ...
Stevenson D K - - 1998
The decision to withhold or withdraw life support in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) is common but is never routine. Often, moral demands make such decisions difficult and emotionally exhausting. But, what is perhaps more challenging from the moral point of view is the transition from the delivery room ...
Cribb T H - - 1998
The Digenea is one of five major helminth assemblages represented in Australian animals. History of the study of digeneans in Australia is reviewed briefly to show that it has never been subjected to the kind of sustained study needed to reach an understanding of it. The Australian vertebrate fauna comprises ...
Ardekian L - - 1998
Trauma remains one of the principal causes of mortality in the western world, especially among young adults. The most serious immediate life-threatening complication following maxillofacial trauma is airway obstruction. The onset can be sudden, as with foreign body aspiration, or following soft-tissue damage that can lead at a later stage ...
den Hollander J G - - 1998
The influence of half-life on the postantibiotic effect (PAE) of tobramycin against Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Staphylococcus aureus was investigated during one dosing interval. Tobramycin half-lives of 0.5 to 2.5 h were simulated in an in vitro model, and the PAE was determined by an enzymatic inactivation method at different time ...
Grbić M - - 1998
Developmental processes have been traditionally viewed to be invariant within higher taxa. However, examples are known whereby closely related species exhibit alterations in early embryogenesis yet appear very similar as adults. Such developmental changes are thought to occur in response to shifts in life history. In insects, the regulation of ...
Jochemsen H - - 1998
The author critically reviews Dutch court decisions on nonvoluntary euthanasia. First, he examines euthanasia practice in the Netherlands. The author next discusses in detail the 1995 cases of two physicians who were prosecuted for terminating the lives of infants who were severely ill and disabled. The courts accepted nonvoluntary euthanasia ...
Baergen R N - - 1997
Macroscopic examination of the placenta can be performed readily by the healthcare providers present at the time of birth. It can be accomplished with a basic knowledge of placental pathology and a general understanding of the abnormalities and variations that affect the placenta. These observations can easily be entered into ...
León X - - 1997
The incidence and characteristics of foramen thyroideum (FT) in embryonic and/or fetal larynges have not been established. In the present study, 90 adult larynges and 53 embryonic-fetal larynges were studied. The incidence of FT during the embryonic-fetal period (57%) was statistically different from the adult period (31%) (P = 0.005). ...
van der Heide A - - 1997
BACKGROUND: Advances in neonatal intensive care have lowered the neonatal death rate. There are still some severely ill neonates and infants, however, for whom the application of all possible life-prolonging treatment modalities may be questioned. METHODS: We did two studies in the Netherlands. In the first we sent questionnaires to ...
Permezel M - - 1997
There is an undisputed need for close fetal surveillance during labour. The transition to extra-uterine life has a number of potential hazards-many of which may be averted by appropriately timed intervention. It is evident, however, that not all intrapartum sequelae can be avoided despite intensive surveillance and increasingly high rates ...
Iwayama K - - 1997
A fiberscope supported by a holder, devised by one of the authors, was used to film neonatal sucking behaviour and its development from birth to 14 months of life. The subjects were 57 low-risk full term infants. Present observations detect a developmental course of the sucking behaviour. The main changes ...
Harris A - - 1997
A 2-year-old girl presented with a history of an erythematous rash which occurred immediately after exposure to sunlight and had been a problem since birth. Extensive laboratory investigations to exclude genophotodermatoses, photosensitivity secondary to metabolic disorders and photoaggravated dermatoses were negative. Monochromator irradiation phototesting demonstrated immediate erythematous flares to all ...
Jansen T - - 1997
Acne occurs more frequently in newborns and infants than one would gather from written accounts. Acne neonatorum tends to be overlooked because it is usually minor and transient. In contrast, acne infantum, which generally does not make its appearance until after 3 months of life, is more serious. Even acne ...
Raulin F - - 1997
High molecular weight organic compounds are involved in the chemistry and physics of many astrophysical and planetary objects. They are or should be present in interstellar dust, in comets and meteorites, in the Giant planets and Titan, in asteroids Triton and icy satellites. They represent a class of very complex ...
Wall S N - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: To determine the frequency of selective nontreatment of extremely premature, critically ill, or malformed infants among all infant deaths in a level III intensive care nursery (ICN) and to determine the reasons documented by neonatologists for their decisions to withdraw or withhold life support. METHODS: This was a descriptive ...
Partridge J C - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: To determine the frequency of opiate analgesia administration to infants when life support is discontinued and to determine whether infant characteristics, such as birth weight and diagnosis, or the physician's reasons for discontinuing life support influence either the decision to provide opioid agents or the dosages administered. METHODS: We ...
Miller A I - - 1997
Although the history of life has been characterized by intermittent episodes of radiation that can be recognized in global compilations of biodiversity, it does not necessarily follow that these episodes are caused by processes that occurred uniformly around the world. Major diversity increases could be generated by the cumulative effects ...
Braun K L - - 1996
Life expectancy in Hawaii is among the highest in the nation. Past research, however, found significant ethnic differences in longevity. This study presents life expectancy estimations for 1980 and 1990, along with ethnic differences in mortality rates for specific causes of death. The findings suggest that ethnic differences continue, with ...
Boswell J B - - 1996
Australian Aboriginal infants experience very early otitis media (OM). A previous study reported that OM with effusion (OME) or acute OM (AOM) was observed in the first 8 weeks of life in 95% of 22 Aboriginal infants, but that OME was seen in only 30% of 10 non-Aboriginal infants. Tympanic ...
< 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 >