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Results 401 - 450 of 636
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Kingsbury Brett - - 2004
When life-sustaining hydration and nutrition is withheld from an incompetent and immobile patient like Terri Schiavo, death comes to the patient by dehydration within about two weeks. Americans should be permitted to arrange for euthanasia at that point, as opposed to merely dehydrating to death, and should be able to ...
Ottinger Mary Ann - - 2003
In order to reveal patterns of reproductive aging in birds we focus on a short lived species, the Japanese quail and the American kestrel, which has a life span of medium length. Quail have been studied extensively in the laboratory as models for understanding avian endocrinology and behavior, and as ...
Takahashi S - - 2003
Helping a "micropreemie" to live by aggressive interventions may sometimes seem unnatural. However, utilitarian assessment of benefits derived from lifesaving efforts for a micropreemie is considered inappropriate. The goal in treating premature infants has advanced from fetal salvage to achieving "intact survival", which represents a new therapeutic target. In this ...
Milstein Jay M - - 2003
At the end of life, when curative measures have failed to conquer the terminal nature of a disease, it is imperative to introduce healing measures that deal with the human suffering associated with illness. When dealing with critically ill neonates with lethal conditions, it may be necessary to institute healing ...
Crews Douglas E - - 2003
Aspects of life history, such as processes and timing of development, age at maturation, and life span are consistently associated with one another across the animal kingdom. Species that develop rapidly tend to mature and reproduce early, have many offspring, and exhibit shorter life spans (r-selection) than those that develop ...
Fornazzari Luis - - 2003
The clinical and neuropathological features of a man with solvent vapour-abuse leukoencephalopathy due to toluene is described. The findings suggest that the clinical spectrum of toluene leukencepathalopathy includes dementia with prominent prefrontal dysfunction. In addition, there was evidence of ongoing white matter damage in the form of persistence of PAS-positive ...
Ewer Andrew K - - 2003
Volume expansion is used commonly in preterm infants to treat presumed hypovolaemia. However, the amount that should be given is uncertain. We present data that were obtained from anonymised regional case notes of Project 27/28, a national case-controlled study run by the Confidential Enquiry into Stillbirths and Deaths in Infancy. ...
Watts Patrick - - 2003
PURPOSE: To determine if there is an association between the timing of surgical intervention for congenital cataract within the first 12 weeks of life and the prevalence of postoperative complications. METHODS: We performed a retrospective review of records from 1990 to 2000 of infants who underwent surgery for congenital cataract ...
Azevedo Carlos - - 2003
We describe the microsporidian Amazonspora hassar n. gen., n. sp. from the gill xenomas of the teleost Hassar orestis (Doradidae) collected in the estuarine region of the Amazon River. The parasite appeared as a small whitish xenoma located in the gill filaments near the blood vessels. Each xenoma consisted of ...
Tinkle Brad T - - 2003
Over 30 cases of complete non-mosaic trisomy 22 have been reported in the literature in the last 20 years [Crowe et al., 1997: Am J Med Genet 71:406-413]. Twenty-two infants were liveborn with an average life expectancy of four days. Of these, nine survived beyond the first two weeks of ...
Mitchell E A - - 2003
AIM: To describe the prevalence of snoring in infancy and the factors associated with snoring. METHODS: The investigation comprised a cross-sectional study of 1800 infants. Snoring was ascertained by interviewer-administered questionnaire. RESULTS: The prevalence of snoring was 15.8% in the first 4 wk of life and 26.1% in the past ...
Nardi Francesco - - 2003
Recent morphological and molecular evidence has changed interpretations of arthropod phylogeny and evolution. Here we compare complete mitochondrial genomes to show that Collembola, a wingless group traditionally considered as basal to all insects, appears instead to constitute a separate evolutionary lineage that branched much earlier than the separation of many ...
Bosshard G - - 2003
A 44-year-old woman was almost completely paralysed after a severe brainstem haemorrhage. Even after several years of efforts at rehabilitation, she remained completely dependent on the help of others. However, a special device enabled her to administer (after careful preparation) liquids through the PEG catheter despite her poorly coordinated movements. ...
Hickman Carole S - - 2003
Metazoans in extreme environments have evolved mutualisms with microbes that extend the physical and chemical capabilities of both partners. Some of the best examples are bivalve molluscs in evaporite and hypersaline settings. Mollusc tissue is developmentally and evolutionarily amenable to housing vast numbers of symbiotic microbes. Documented benefits to the ...
Marhas K K - - 2002
Records of now-extinct short-lived nuclides in meteorites provide information about the formation and evolution of the solar system. We have found excess 10B that we attribute to the decay of short-lived 10Be (half-life 1.5 million years) in hibonite grains from the Murchison meteorite. The grains show no evidence of decay ...
Ulizzi L - - 2002
In industrialized countries, male excess is generally found in early deaths, despite the overall decrease in mortality. We studied the association between sex and some factors generally considered crucial for babies' survival, such as mother's age and education, birth order, and gestational age, in order to gain insight into the ...
Abdallah L Gargouri-Ben - - 2002
The species of Bucephalus from the eel Anguilla anguilla of the north-eastern Tunisian lagoons was identified as B. anguillae which was recently described by Spakulová et al. (2002) from the Adriatic coast of Italy. In order to confirm that this eel digenean is distinct from B. polymorphus von Baer, 1827 ...
Lundqvist Anita - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To illuminate the lived experience of women facing the threat of lossing their newborn child and then experiencing the reality of their infant's death. STUDY DESIGN: Sixteen women were interviewed approximately 2 years after the death of their infant using a hermeneutic phenomenological approach. FINDINGS: The main theme was ...
Chen Ingfei - - 2002
A new report confirms that peewees outlast titans--among rodents, at least. Whereas most studies assess size at one time point or life stage, the new one tracks the rodents' weight month by month from birth to death. As a result, the work offers the first hint that body weight at ...
Parsons S J - - 2002
In Marquis's recent paper he has not satisfactorily shown that killing does not adversely affect the victim's present self-represented desires for their future. Marquis is correct in believing life and death are distinct, but living and dying are not. In fact, to use a well-known saying, "the second we are ...
Azevedo Carlos - - 2002
Henneguya curimata n. sp. (Myxozoa, Myxobolidae) is described from the kidney of the teleost Curimata inormata collected in an estuarine region of the Amazon River, near Belém. Brazil. This myxosporean produces large cysts (0.6-1.2 mm in diam.) that represent plasmodia containing all life cycle stages, including spores. The spore body ...
Goodwin Nicholas B - - 2002
Selection for live bearing is thought to occur when the benefits of increasing offspring survival exceed the costs of reduced fecundity, mobility and the increased metabolic demands of carrying offspring throughout development. We present evidence that live bearing has evolved from egg laying 12 times in teleost (bony) fishes, bringing ...
- - 2002
Homicide is the 15th leading cause of death during the first year of life (i.e., infancy) in the United States. In addition, the risk for homicide is greater in infancy than in any other year of childhood before age 17 years and is greatest during the first 4 months of ...
Blurton Jones Nicholas G - - 2002
Female postreproductive life is a striking feature of human life history and there have been several recent attempts to account for its evolution. But archaeologists estimate that in the past, few individuals lived many postreproductive years. Is postreproductive life a phenotypic outcome of modern conditions, needing no evolutionary account? This ...
Cappeliez Philippe - - 2002
This study examines to what extent personality and existential constructs predict the frequency of reminiscence, in general, and its various functions, in particular. Eighty-nine older adults completed the NEO-Five Factor Inventory, the Life Attitude Profile--Revised, and the Reminiscence Functions Scale. Neuroticism predicted total reminiscence frequency, as well as reminiscence for ...
Bell Andrew S - - 2002
Only two species of the strigeid subgenus Apatemon (Apatemon) sensu Sudarikov (1959), Apatemon gracilis (Rudolhi, 1819) and A. annuligerum (von Nordmann, 1832), are known to infect British fishes. A. annuligerum is poorly characterised, with few life-cycle data available, since only the adult and metacercarial stages have been described. Both of ...
Vance Gillian H S - - 2002
Increasing evidence points to early life, including fetal life, as being a critical time period during which the infant's allergic fate may be determined. However, initial antigen priming in utero necessitates fetal exposure to maternally derived allergen. This article reviews our current knowledge regarding materno-fetal allergen transfer in vivo and ...
Malamitsi-Puchner A - - 2001
BACKGROUND: In fetal life the rates of proliferation and apoptosis are high. We studied if the rate of apoptosis decreases after birth, by measuring the soluble (s) forms of Fas-Fas ligand and Tumor necrosis factor receptor 1 (TNFR1)-TNF-alpha which attenuate apoptosis. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Blood was drawn from the umbilical ...
Guillet B - - 2001
Acquired haemophilia is a life-threatening disorder caused by circulating auto-antibodies that inhibit factor VIII coagulant activity (FBIII:C). Immunoadsorption on protein A sepharose (IA-PA) was performed in two bleeding patients with acquired haemophilia: we observed a dramatic and quick decrease in the anti-FVIII:C inhibitor titre leading to a normal, albeit transient, ...
Tschernig T - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Dendritic cells (DCs) in the mucosa of the respiratory tract might be involved in the early development of pulmonary allergy or tolerance. To date, little is known about when the first DCs occur in human airways. METHODS: Specimens of the distal trachea from patients who had died from sudden ...
Maor Y - - 2001
We investigated the correlation between descriptive and valuational measures of health-related quality of life (HRQL) and assessed determinants affecting these measures. Our suspicion was that there is little similarity in the content of descriptive and valuational measures of HRQL. We thus conducted a cross-sectional observational study of 56 hemodialysis patients. ...
Díaz de Chumaceiro C L - - 2001
In response to the recent special issue of The American Journal of Psychoanalysis dedicated to Sándor Ferenczi's works, this article highlights his essay entitled, "A Little Chanticleer" as a first-of-its-kind legacy of a description of conscious and unconscious dynamics linked to a child's musical preferences in daily life. In addition ...
Kleiner G I - - 2001
BACKGROUND: A majority of angioedema arise from unknown etiologies. Angioedema may also arise from medications or deficiency of C1-esterase inhibitor (C1-INH); either of these may lead to recurrent, sometimes life-threatening attacks of subcutaneous or submucosal edema if the angioedema involves the tongue, throat, or larynx. We describe a patient with ...
Zecca E - - 2001
This study was designed to evaluate left ventricle dimensions in preterm infants during the first month of life, in order to define reference values and their correlation with gestational age, birth weight, gender and baseline. Thirty-five infants, gestational age 25-29 (mean 27.9 +/- 1.4) weeks, birth weight 750-1249 (mean 965 ...
Wong I C - - 2001
This postmarketing surveillance study of lamotrigine (LTG) was performed to provide complementary data to large-scale Prescription-Event Monitoring study with a retrospective case records survey in five tertiary referral epilepsy centres in the United Kingdom. Adverse events were recorded and compared with those of two other new antiepileptic drugs (AEDs), gabapentin ...
Mark E - - 2001
What does a confrontation between philosophy and psychoanalysis look like? My task is a philosophical investigation of a psychoanalytic concept. Thus, I offer a conceptual analysis of a concept that is used both clinically and as a part of a metapsychology. The concept that I investigate in this article is ...
Brinchmann B S - - 2001
This article will be concerned with the phenomenon of vitality, which emerged as one of the main findings in a larger grounded theory study about life and death decisions in hospitals' neonatal units. Definite signs showing the new-born infant's energy and vigour contributed to the clinician's judgements about life expectancy ...
Wilmoth J R - - 2000
Life expectancy at birth has roughly tripled over the course of human history. Early gains were due to a general improvement in living standards and organized efforts to control the spread of infectious disease. Reductions in infant and child mortality in the late 19th and early 20th century led to ...
van der Heide A - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To describe the frequency, background, and impact of decisions to give analgesic or other drugs that may, intentionally or unintentionally, shorten the life-span of severely ill neonates. SETTING: The Netherlands. DESIGN: Retrospective, cross-sectional study. PATIENTS: Questionnaires were mailed in The Netherlands to physicians reporting 338 consecutive deaths of infants ...
Hoeger P H - - 2000
We report a neonate with a rash that appeared on the second day of life in association with elevated body temperatures and increased C-reactive protein levels. The rash was evanescent and recurred on a daily basis during the first year of life. At 15 months, the infant developed swelling of ...
Choi J M - - 2000
Prenatal fetal echocardiography studies detected large multiple cardiac rhabdomyomas and led to the diagnosis of tuberous sclerosis. Despite episodes of bradyarrhythmias and severe lung compression in utero, the neonate did well and was discharged home on day 20 of life. On day 30 of life, the infant expired at home ...
Glover J J - - 2000
The purpose of this report is to provide pediatric surgeons with an ethical framework and a process for ethical decision making that can be applied to the difficult issues that arise in the care of infants with very low birth weight (VLBW). Clinical ethical issues focus around choices for surgical ...
de Vries E - - 2000
Age-matched reference values for lymphocyte subpopulations are generally obtained via cross-sectional studies, whereas patients are followed longitudinally. We performed a detailed longitudinal analysis of the changes in lymphocyte subpopulations in a group of 11 healthy infants followed from birth up to 1 y of age, with special attention for early ...
Mas C - - 2000
Rhabdomyomas are not uncommon in infants with tuberous sclerosis. We describe a neonate who presented with hydrops fetalis arising from a tachyarrhythmia during fetal life related to rhabdomyomas. After reversion of the arrhythmia, pre-excitation was noted on an interval electrocardiogram. Following regression of the tumours, the delta wave disappeared with ...
Naser C R - - 2000
In his Keynote address to the First Conference at Clemson University on Ethical Issues in Biomedical Engineering, George Bugliarello suggested that a most important ethical issue for bioengineering "is the positioning of the bio-machine interface." "Where," he asked, "should the biological organism end and the machine begin?" Central to this ...
Hodge G P - - 2000
Trompe l'oeil is a French term meaning fool-the-eye. When this concept is applied to the art of painting, the painted objects must look as convincingly real as do the actual objects. With the scientific illustrator having a background of rendering concepts which are realistic and accurate, he or she should ...
Conti S - - 1999
BACKGROUND: This study aims to evaluate the contribution of the reduction in major cardiovascular diseases (CVD), malignant neoplasms (MN), accidents and AIDS mortality to the gains in life expectancy observed during the decade 1985-1994, as well as to calculate and compare the potential gains due to the partial or total ...
Manson W G - - 1999
AIM: To measure the development of fat digestion in early life, using a stable isotope breath test. METHODS: A combined longitudinal and cross sectional study was performed on 30 term and preterm infants using 13C-labelled mixed triglyceride (MTG). Seventy six tests were performed in all. Results were expressed as cumulative ...
Waters P M - - 1999
BACKGROUND: The purposes of this study were to document the natural history of brachial plexus birth palsy, in relation to the recovery of biceps function, in the first six months of life; to assess the outcome after microsurgical repair of the brachial plexus in patients who had no recovery of ...
Ricci B - - 1999
PURPOSE: The purpose of this work was to study the values of intraocular pressure (IOP) in premature babies during the first month of life. METHODS: Using a hand-held applanation tonometer, IOP was measured in 40 eyes of 20 preterm infants (gestational age ranging from 26 to 32 weeks) shortly after ...
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