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Houchmandzadeh B - - 2008
The spatial distribution of most species in ecosystems is nonuniform. New theories try to explain patterns observed at multiple scales in terms of neutral processes such as birth, death, and migration. We have devised an experimental, niche-free ecosystem where the amplitude of neutral patchiness can be precisely measured. Spatial distribution ...
Lebon Ankie - - 2008
Serial nasal swabs were collected at the ages of 1.5, 6, and 14 months from 443 infants in the Generation R Study. The objective was to study the dynamics and determinants of Staphylococcus aureus nasal carriage in the first year of life. The prevalence of S. aureus carriage decreased in ...
Smucker Thomas A - - 2008
Drought is a recurring challenge to the livelihoods of those living in Tharaka District, Kenya, situated in the semi-arid zone to the east of Mount Kenya, from the lowest slopes of the mountain to the banks of the Tana River. This part of Kenya has been marginal to the economic ...
Schenker Joseph G - - 2008
The Jewish religion is characterized by a strict association between faith and practical precept. Jewish law has two sections, the written and the oral tradition. The foundation of the written law and the origin of authority is the Torah, the first five books of the Scripture. It is an expression ...
Kang Hoon-Chul - - 2008
Startle disease or hyperekplexia (STHE; MIM 149400) is a rare disorder that is characterized by marked muscular hypertonia in infancy and an exaggerated startle response to unexpected acoustic or tactile stimuli. Mutations in the gene encoding the alpha-1 subunit of the inhibitory glycine receptor (GLRA1) were reported as causes of ...
Wilkins Russell R Health Information and Research Division at Statistics Canada, Ottawa, Ontario K1A 0T6. - - 2008
Because of a lack of Aboriginal identifiers on death registrations, standard data sources and methods cannot be used to estimate basic health indicators for Inuit in Canada. Instead, a geographic-based approach was used to estimate life expectancy for the entire population of Inuit-inhabited areas. The data are from the Canadian ...
Wada Haruka - - 2008
In adult vertebrates, glucocorticoids are thought to trigger transitions between life history stages within breeding cycles. This review explores possible roles of glucocorticoids as mediators for vertebrate ontogenetic transitions. Overall, glucocorticoids prepare organisms and trigger transitions into the subsequent life history stage. Across taxa, ability to secrete glucocorticoids appears to ...
Gomes Marleide da Mota Mda - - 2007
Dom João VI's death occurred in adverse political conditions that led to the regicide hypothesis. The main aim of this paper is to mention life style and conditions of the death of the king by means of narrative review based on primary and secondary sources. Dom João VI died in ...
Quan Hude - - 2007
To describe mortality, cause of death and life expectancy among Chinese (both immigrant and Canadian-born) and other Canadians in the Province of Alberta. A Chinese surname list was applied to the Alberta Health Insurance Plan and Vital Statistics Birth registry databases to define the Chinese population, and to the Vital ...
Skoulakis Charalampos - - 2008
Heinrich Schliemann was a German classical archaeologist who devoted his life to the historical reality of places mentioned in the epics of Homer and to the discovery of Troy, Mycenae, and other ancient Aegean cities. He was born in Germany in 1822 and died in Italy in 1890. During his ...
Camargo Carolina C - - 2007
Births were observed in two free-ranging groups of red-handed howlers (Alouatta belzebul) in eastern Brazilian Amazonia. Both events occurred in the early afternoon, and were relatively rapid and discrete. No other group members approached the females during parturition, nor attempted to interfere with the neonate in any way. Only one ...
Audebert F - - 2007
In order to confirm or refute the relay role of lagomorphs in the evolution of the Trichostrongylina (Nematoda), the following points were studied by summarizing previous works on the subject: the chronology of the life cycles (27 conducted in natural hosts, lagomorphs, ruminants or arvicolin rodents; 14 in experimental hosts); ...
Tyler K K VA Medical Center, Oklahoma, OK 73104, - - 2007
Our goal was to examine the relationship between early life trauma and the development of visceral hypersensitivity in later life in irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). Rat pups underwent neonatal conditioning: (i) paired odour-shock, where odour is a predictable shock signal, (ii) unpaired odour-shock, where odour is an unpredictable shock signal ...
Nagler Joshua - - 2007
Stridor is a common presentation to the pediatric emergency department. The differential diagnosis is broad and includes conditions that range from benign to immediately life threatening. The evaluation and management of pediatric patients with stridor can vary, depending on the likely diagnoses and the acuity of the presentation. We report ...
Verhagen A A Eduard - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Decisions regarding end-of-life care in critically ill newborns in The Netherlands have received considerable criticism from the media and from the public. This might be because of a lack of proper information and knowledge. Our purpose was to provide detailed information about how and when the implementation of end-of-life ...
van Kooten Tobias - - 2007
The majority of taxa grow significantly during life history, which often leads to individuals of the same species having different ecological roles, depending on their size or life stage. One aspect of life history that changes during ontogeny is mortality. When individual growth and development are resource dependent, changes in ...
Vrakking Astrid M - - 2007
AIM: We compared the results of two recent studies on end-of-life decisions (ELDs) for neonates and infants in Belgium (Flanders) and The Netherlands. METHODS: Questionnaires were sent to physicians who reported the death of a child under the age of 1 (Belgium: n = 292, response 87%; Netherlands: n = ...
Toso Marc A - - 2007
In Gregarina niphandrodes, an apicomplexan parasite, the sexual stage of its life cycle begins with the association of 2 gamonts. Here, we describe the ultrastructure of the syzygy junction and the nucleus during the transition from unassociated trophozoites to paired gamonts to gamonts in syzygy. Throughout this process, the folds ...
Glantz Michael H - - 2007
The thesis of this article is quite different from many other theses of papers, books, and articles on the Aral Sea. It is meant to purposely highlight the reality of the situation in Central Asia: the Aral Sea that was once a thriving body of water is no more. That ...
Miljeteig Ingrid - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: To examine if explicit written guidelines for withholding and withdrawing treatment for extremely premature infants exist and are used in obstetric and paediatric units in Norway, and to explore changes in attitudes and which factors are considered important when making decisions regarding life support. METHODS: Cross-sectional postal survey addressed ...
Mougi Akihiko - - 2007
Trade-offs between competitive ability and the other life-history traits are considered to be a major mechanism of competitive coexistence. Many theoretical studies have demonstrated the robustness of such a coexistence mechanism ecologically; however, it is unknown whether the coexistence is robust evolutionarily. Here, we report that evolution of life-history traits ...
Ulmer Bryan J - - 2007
Eurhinus magnificus Gyllenhal has been collected in south Florida, presumably introduced through trade with countries in its native range. Very little information has been published on the biology or taxonomy of this insect. We conducted studies to investigate various aspects of its life history and host plant associations. The pre-imaginal ...
Schulz-Baldes A - - 2007
AIM: To investigate the end-of-life practice in a large perinatal centre in Germany. METHODS: Retrospective chart review was performed in all neonates deceased in the delivery room (n = 31) and the neonatal intensive care unit (n = 47) between 2002 and 2004. RESULTS: Neonatal death was preceded by an ...
Evans James - - 2008
By concentrating on abortion, the culture wars have avoided facing a crisis about the end of life. This paper explores four themes: (1) the technological transformation of birth and death into matters of decision, not matters of fact; (2) abortion as the nexus of Eros (sex) with Thanatos (death); (3) ...
Claudius Ilene - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The goal was to identify criteria that would allow low-risk infants presenting with an apparent life-threatening event to be discharged safely from the emergency department. METHODS: We completed data forms prospectively on all previously healthy patients <12 months of age presenting to the emergency department of an urban tertiary ...
Wilson Tom - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To assess the extent of changes in life expectancy at birth for the Indigenous population of the Northern Territory (NT) over the period 1967-2004, and to determine which age-specific mortality rates were mostly responsible for such change. METHODS: Life expectancy at birth figures were obtained via life table calculations ...
Varela-Silva Maria Inês - - 2007
Nutritional transition, urbanization, and physical inactivity are primary factors responsible for the worldwide epidemic of overweight/obesity (OW/OB). However, these factors fail to explain the epidemic of OW/OB in developing countries and in recent-migrants to developed countries. Among these, OW/OB is associated with short/stunted stature and coexists with undernutrition at much ...
Kao Mu-Jung - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether latent myofascial trigger points (MTPs) can be identified in healthy infants and in healthy adult subjects. DESIGN: Blind comparison. SETTING: Ambulatory. PARTICIPANTS: A convenience sample of 60 healthy adults and 60 infants (age range, 0-12mo). INTERVENTIONS: Not applicable. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: An algometer was used to ...
Janhunen Pekka - - 2007
Several severe glaciations occurred during the Neoproterozoic eon, and especially near its end in the Cryogenian period (630-850 Ma). While the glacial periods themselves were probably related to the continental positions being appropriate for glaciation, the general coldness of the Neoproterozoic and Cryogenian as a whole lacks specific explanation. The ...
Kaposy Chris - - 2007
The philosophers Peter Singer and Jeff McMahan hold variations of the view that infant interests in continued life are suspect because infants lack the cognitive complexity to anticipate the future. Since infants cannot see themselves as having a future, Singer argues that the future cannot have value for them, and ...
Valentine Christine - - 2007
The "moment of death," once a dominant concept in preparing for a "good death", has been eclipsed by a focus on the wider concept of the "dying trajectory". However, findings from interviews with 25 bereaved individuals suggest that dying loved ones' final moments may still be experienced as highly significant ...
Lobanov Alexey V - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Selenocysteine (Sec) is a selenium-containing amino acid that is co-translationally inserted into nascent polypeptides by recoding UGA codons. Selenoproteins occur in both eukaryotes and prokaryotes, but the selenoprotein content of organisms (selenoproteome) is highly variable and some organisms do not utilize Sec at all. RESULTS: We analyzed the selenoproteomes ...
Smith Timothy D - - 2007
Explanations for the chemosensory abilities of newborn mammals focus primarily on food (milk) acquisition and communication (e.g., maternal-infant bonding). However, the relative importance of the main and accessory (vomeronasal) olfactory systems is hypothesized to differ at birth between altricial and precocial mammals. Strepsirrhines (lemurs and lorises) possess main and accessory ...
Obersteiner Gudrun - - 2007
Landfills at various stages of development, depending on their age and location, can be found throughout Europe. The type of facilities goes from uncontrolled dumpsites to highly engineered facilities with leachate and gas management. In addition, some landfills are designed to receive untreated waste, while others can receive incineration residues ...
Wesley David - - 2007
Actuarial life-table analysis has long been used by life insurance medical directors for mortality abstraction from clinical studies. Ironically, today's life actuary instead uses pivot tables to analyze mortality. Pivot tables (a feature/function in MS Excel) collapse various dimensions of data that were previously arranged in an "experience study" format. ...
Motta M - - 2007
The longevity is a complex phenomenon in which specific genetic properties seem to play a role. The present study intended to reconstruct the genealogical tree of 12 subjects, being residents of one Northern and one Southern province of Italy, in order to establish the longevity of the ancestors. Detailed studies ...
Manninen B A - - 2006
One of the most recent controversies to arise in the field of bioethics concerns the ethics for the Groningen Protocol: the guidelines proposed by the Groningen Academic Hospital in The Netherlands, which would permit doctors to actively euthanise terminally ill infants who are suffering. The Groningen Protocol has been met ...
Auron A - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: Little is known about the relationship between gestational age (GA) or birth weight (BW) and serum creatinine (SCr) in very low birth weight (VLBW) infants. We sought to study postnatal SCr changes and determine if there is a correlation between GA or BW and SCr in VLBW infants, during ...
Musić Milanović Sanja - - 2006
AIM: To examine the differences in life expectancy and mortality between the populations on Croatian islands and the mainland, and among the islands themselves. METHOD: Data on population size and mortality collected in Croatia in 2001 were analyzed by life table and standardized mortality rates. RESULTS: Life expectancy at birth ...
Wilkinson D - - 2006
One of the most contentious ethical issues in the neonatal intensive care unit is the withdrawal of life-sustaining treatment from infants who may otherwise survive. In practice, one of the most important factors influencing this decision is the prediction that the infant will be severely intellectually disabled. Most professional guidelines ...
Daniel Dane T - - 2006
Paracelsus's matter theory remains a puzzling subject, especially insofar as his division of matter and the human being is concerned. Paracelsus's early matter theory, as presented in perhaps his most significant chemical work, the Archidoxis, was influenced by John of Rupescissa and contained elements that the mature Paracelsus--greatly influenced by ...
de Roubaix J A M JA Centre for Applied Ethics, Stellenbosch University. - - 2006
Act 92 of 1996, the Choice on Termination of Pregnancy Act, seeks to promote female autonomy. The Act makes no reference to the nature of the abortus--implying its moral insignificance. Utilitarian arguments on the value of life strongly support this position. Utilitarians argue that neither belonging to the human species, ...
Stephens Carolyn - - 2006
"What sets worlds in motion is the interplay of differences, their attractions and repulsions. Life is plurality, death is uniformity. By suppressing differences and peculiarities, by eliminating different civilisations and cultures, progress weakens life and favours death. The ideal of a single civilisation for everyone implicit in the cult of ...
Novak Milivoj - - 2006
The use of seawater nasal spray is considered safe and sold as a non-prescription medicine. However, it is well known that nasal manipulations can provoke vagal reaction leading to acute life-threatening events. A case of fatal seawater nasal spray application in an infant is presented. We do not consider the ...
Bovens L - - 2006
Some proponents of the pro-life movement argue against morning after pills, IUDs, and contraceptive pills on grounds of a concern for causing embryonic death. What has gone unnoticed, however, is that the pro-life line of argumentation can be extended to the rhythm method of contraception as well. Given certain plausible ...
Waseem Muhammad - - 2006
Children with apparent life-threatening events (ALTEs) often pose a diagnostic and management dilemma in a pediatric emergency department. Although the term ALTE is nonspecific and symptoms are vague, it may have alarming connotations and may signal serious life threatening conditions. It may be a subtle presentation of child abuse. We ...
Subkowski Peter - - 2006
The urge to collect is a ubiquitous phenomenon which has anthropological, sociobiological and individual psychodynamic roots, but occurs far more frequently among men than women. The author examines the reasons for this gender difference and defines systematic collecting to distinguish it from addictive, obsessive and messy collecting, and from related ...
Dijksterhuis Ap - - 2006
Contrary to conventional wisdom, it is not always advantageous to engage in thorough conscious deliberation before choosing. On the basis of recent insights into the characteristics of conscious and unconscious thought, we tested the hypothesis that simple choices (such as between different towels or different sets of oven mitts) indeed ...
Prevedelli Daniela - - 2006
1. The relationships between life history, fitness and sexuality, together with their ecological and evolutionary significance, has been analysed comparing the main life-history traits and demography in three closely related species belonging to the genus Ophryotrocha. The species are: the gonochoristic O. labronica, the simultaneous hermaphrodite O. diadema and the ...
Huang Zebo - - 2006
Some organisms adapt to persistent and severe stress by reversibly adjusting life-death balance to a new equilibrium, e.g., anhydrobiosis ("life without water") enables survival in a quiescent state on extreme desiccation. Aging is characterized by declining response and increasing vulnerability to stress, and the balance slowly, and irreversibly, tilts toward ...
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