Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 577
< 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 >
Sohn W M - - 1998
The present study was performed to observe characteristics of the life history of Echinoparyphium recurvatum under both natural and laboratory conditions in Korea. A batch of Radix auricularia coreana was collected from Sunamchon, one of the stream of West Naktonggang (River), in Kangso-gu, Pusan during August and September 1992. Out ...
Britton J R - - 1998
With shorter postnatal hospital stays, concern has arisen that many infants may be discharged prior to completion of the transition to extrauterine life, a time of dynamic physiologic change when many neonatal problems may present. This article reviews the physiology of the neonatal transition together with common transitional disorders. Most ...
Stevenson D K - - 1998
The decision to withhold or withdraw life support in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) is common but is never routine. Often, moral demands make such decisions difficult and emotionally exhausting. But, what is perhaps more challenging from the moral point of view is the transition from the delivery room ...
Cribb T H - - 1998
The Digenea is one of five major helminth assemblages represented in Australian animals. History of the study of digeneans in Australia is reviewed briefly to show that it has never been subjected to the kind of sustained study needed to reach an understanding of it. The Australian vertebrate fauna comprises ...
Ardekian L - - 1998
Trauma remains one of the principal causes of mortality in the western world, especially among young adults. The most serious immediate life-threatening complication following maxillofacial trauma is airway obstruction. The onset can be sudden, as with foreign body aspiration, or following soft-tissue damage that can lead at a later stage ...
den Hollander J G - - 1998
The influence of half-life on the postantibiotic effect (PAE) of tobramycin against Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Staphylococcus aureus was investigated during one dosing interval. Tobramycin half-lives of 0.5 to 2.5 h were simulated in an in vitro model, and the PAE was determined by an enzymatic inactivation method at different time ...
Grbić M - - 1998
Developmental processes have been traditionally viewed to be invariant within higher taxa. However, examples are known whereby closely related species exhibit alterations in early embryogenesis yet appear very similar as adults. Such developmental changes are thought to occur in response to shifts in life history. In insects, the regulation of ...
Jochemsen H - - 1998
The author critically reviews Dutch court decisions on nonvoluntary euthanasia. First, he examines euthanasia practice in the Netherlands. The author next discusses in detail the 1995 cases of two physicians who were prosecuted for terminating the lives of infants who were severely ill and disabled. The courts accepted nonvoluntary euthanasia ...
Baergen R N - - 1997
Macroscopic examination of the placenta can be performed readily by the healthcare providers present at the time of birth. It can be accomplished with a basic knowledge of placental pathology and a general understanding of the abnormalities and variations that affect the placenta. These observations can easily be entered into ...
León X - - 1997
The incidence and characteristics of foramen thyroideum (FT) in embryonic and/or fetal larynges have not been established. In the present study, 90 adult larynges and 53 embryonic-fetal larynges were studied. The incidence of FT during the embryonic-fetal period (57%) was statistically different from the adult period (31%) (P = 0.005). ...
van der Heide A - - 1997
BACKGROUND: Advances in neonatal intensive care have lowered the neonatal death rate. There are still some severely ill neonates and infants, however, for whom the application of all possible life-prolonging treatment modalities may be questioned. METHODS: We did two studies in the Netherlands. In the first we sent questionnaires to ...
Permezel M - - 1997
There is an undisputed need for close fetal surveillance during labour. The transition to extra-uterine life has a number of potential hazards-many of which may be averted by appropriately timed intervention. It is evident, however, that not all intrapartum sequelae can be avoided despite intensive surveillance and increasingly high rates ...
Iwayama K - - 1997
A fiberscope supported by a holder, devised by one of the authors, was used to film neonatal sucking behaviour and its development from birth to 14 months of life. The subjects were 57 low-risk full term infants. Present observations detect a developmental course of the sucking behaviour. The main changes ...
Harris A - - 1997
A 2-year-old girl presented with a history of an erythematous rash which occurred immediately after exposure to sunlight and had been a problem since birth. Extensive laboratory investigations to exclude genophotodermatoses, photosensitivity secondary to metabolic disorders and photoaggravated dermatoses were negative. Monochromator irradiation phototesting demonstrated immediate erythematous flares to all ...
Jansen T - - 1997
Acne occurs more frequently in newborns and infants than one would gather from written accounts. Acne neonatorum tends to be overlooked because it is usually minor and transient. In contrast, acne infantum, which generally does not make its appearance until after 3 months of life, is more serious. Even acne ...
Raulin F - - 1997
High molecular weight organic compounds are involved in the chemistry and physics of many astrophysical and planetary objects. They are or should be present in interstellar dust, in comets and meteorites, in the Giant planets and Titan, in asteroids Triton and icy satellites. They represent a class of very complex ...
Wall S N - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: To determine the frequency of selective nontreatment of extremely premature, critically ill, or malformed infants among all infant deaths in a level III intensive care nursery (ICN) and to determine the reasons documented by neonatologists for their decisions to withdraw or withhold life support. METHODS: This was a descriptive ...
Partridge J C - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: To determine the frequency of opiate analgesia administration to infants when life support is discontinued and to determine whether infant characteristics, such as birth weight and diagnosis, or the physician's reasons for discontinuing life support influence either the decision to provide opioid agents or the dosages administered. METHODS: We ...
Miller A I - - 1997
Although the history of life has been characterized by intermittent episodes of radiation that can be recognized in global compilations of biodiversity, it does not necessarily follow that these episodes are caused by processes that occurred uniformly around the world. Major diversity increases could be generated by the cumulative effects ...
Braun K L - - 1996
Life expectancy in Hawaii is among the highest in the nation. Past research, however, found significant ethnic differences in longevity. This study presents life expectancy estimations for 1980 and 1990, along with ethnic differences in mortality rates for specific causes of death. The findings suggest that ethnic differences continue, with ...
Boswell J B - - 1996
Australian Aboriginal infants experience very early otitis media (OM). A previous study reported that OM with effusion (OME) or acute OM (AOM) was observed in the first 8 weeks of life in 95% of 22 Aboriginal infants, but that OME was seen in only 30% of 10 non-Aboriginal infants. Tympanic ...
Attias E - - 1996
The following study attempts to demonstrate that traditional classifications of OECD countries according to the health condition of their citizens, based on classifications of life expectancy and infant mortality, can lead to substantial normative errors if we assume that economic agents are rational. In particular, classifications of life expectancy and ...
Worley G - - 1996
Over a nine-year period, 63 viable newborns with myelomeningocele were consecutively treated, of whom 11 (17%) developed brainstem symptoms assessed to be potentially life-threatening. All 11 underwent brainstem decompression by cervical laminectomy with stent placement between the fourth ventricle and the spinal subarachnoid space, at a median age of 8 ...
Achidi E A - - 1996
Bimonthly surveys were carried out for 12 months to investigate the dynamics of the acquisition of malaria parasitemia in relation to hemoglobin genotype, development of anemia, and body weight in infants during their first year of life. Thick blood smears for malaria, a capillary blood sample for measurement of packed ...
Heath D D - - 1996
M. californianus is the dominant marine mussel species on exposed rocky shores, while M. trossulus is usually the dominant mussel species in more sheltered waters on the west coast of North America. Since these species are physical indistinguishable when small (< 10.0 mm), we developed two polymerase chain reaction (PCR) ...
Cook L A - - 1996
Our purpose was to review the medical records of 122 infants who died in our neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) to characterize decision making for the critically ill neonate near the end of life. The majority of deaths (72%) were related to some complication of prematurity. Families participated in the ...
Kodish E - - 1995
A term infant had a life-threatening inferior venal caval thrombosis during the first 24 hours of life. The plasma from the infant and his mother was found to be resistant to activated protein C and to be heterozygous for the factor V mutation (FV Leiden) associated with this disorder. The ...
Sturner W Q - - 1995
Donated organs from babies are desperately needed for transplantation into sick and dying children. Categories of infant death subject to medicolegal death investigation are proposed and discussed, with a rationale for decision making by medical examiners and their colleagues. Appropriate caution is warranted in some instances with investigation for possible ...
Thomas K B - - 1995
von Willebrand factor (vWF) antigen (vWF:Ag) and vWF-collagen binding activity (vWF:CBA) were measured in plasma by parallel quantitative ELISAs in normal newborns and infants (n = 71). The medians for vWF:Ag (IU/ml) and vWF:CBA (U/ml), respectively, were 1.46 and 1.91 for 2-7 day-old (n = 43), 1.22 and 1.40 for ...
Lun K C - - 1995
General life tables for the 1990 Singapore resident population are given in this paper. Analyses were carried out separately for males and females for all ethnic groups as well as for Chinese, Malays and Indians. Average fractions of the last age interval lived were used to give a more precise ...
Saunders K J - - 1995
Animal studies show that the rate of recovery from experimentally induced refractive errors is related to the level of ametropia induced. The present study examined the rate of emmetropisation occurring in a sample of 22 human infants refracted by near retinoscopy during the first six months of life and then ...
Lin S Y - - 1995
Squid oil was microencapsulated by spray drying method. Gelatin, sodium caseinate, maltodextrin were contained in spray drying formulation with or without lecithin and microcrystalline cellulose (Avicel). The thermal stability of the unencapsulated and encapsulated squid oils was determined by pressure differential scanning calorimetry (PDSC), Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) microscopic photometer ...
Sundström P - - 1995
The Australian bioethicist Peter Singer has presented an intriguing argument for the opinion that it is quite proper (morally) to deem the lives of certain individuals not worth living and so to kill them. The argument is based on the alleged analogy between the ordinary clinical judgement that a life ...
Halberstadt-Freud H C - - 1995
This study was undertaken to demonstrate how psychoanalysis can shed new light on a much studied life history. Clara's emotional life knew a sequence of losses and "prohibited" intimate relationships that created grave loyalty, identity, and identificatory conflicts for her. Since her early childhood, when her father forced her to ...
Galley C - - 1995
Reliable, good quality source material is required for any demographic study. By selecting specific examples from York during the parish register period and Sheffield during the civil registratiion period deficiencies in both ecclesiastical and civil registration are discussed with reference to how they affect infant and adult mortality calculations. In ...
DeGrazia David - - 1995
The idea of a patient's best interests raises issues in prudential value theory -- the study of what makes up an individual's ultimate (nonmoral) good or well-being. While this connection may strike a philosopher as obvious, the literature on the best interests standard reveals almost no engagement of recent work ...
Heesterbeek J A - - 1995
For parasites with a clearly defined life-cycle we give threshold quantities that determine the stability of the parasite-free steady state for autonomous and periodic deterministic systems formulated in terms of mean parasite burdens. We discuss the biological interpretations of the quantities, how to deal with heterogeneity in both parasite and ...
Battaglia F C - - 1995
Amino acid oxidation and urea production rates are quite different at various stages of development from fetal to adult life. Such information may become increasingly useful in the evaluation of the nutritional state in newborn infants and particularly in very-low-birth-weight infants. A brief commentary on some of the current clinical ...
Smith A B - - 1994
A study was undertaken to identify the effect of insertion site, cannula size and brand type, blood, and unit setting on the life span of IVs in hospitalized infants. A comparative descriptive design was used to study 250 data sets gathered from charts of infants 12 months of age and ...
Christie G L - - 1994
Moments of spontaneous, genuine humour can provide transient relief for us all, in the midst of human conflict, pain and anxiety. In order to generate such moments we require a capacity to transgress, in a context of mutual respect. Our ability to contain antithetical ideas, images and impulses helps to ...
Montagu J D - - 1994
The length of life for a population of ancient Greek and Roman men with quoted dates of birth and death has been compared statistically with three sample populations from different periods. It was found that the ancients who were born before 100 BC lived as long as the moderns who ...
Grupe G - - 1993
Since the burial site of the Slavonic settlement at Espenfeld, Germany (10th to 12th century AD), has been completely excavated, the skeletons are representative of the historic population. This skeletal series has also been intensively investigated both archaeologically and anthropologically. It thus belongs to the kind of museum specimens which ...
Cordero M E - - 1993
The structure of large pyramidal cells from layer V of the motor cortex of undernourished and well-nourished infants was studied to determine the effects of postnatal nutrition on cortical dendritic development. In undernourished infants, the arborization and span of the basilar dendrites were decreased in comparison to controls. These findings ...
- - 1993
Expectation of life at birth in the United States rose to a record high of 75.7 years in 1992. Life expectancy for newborn boys and girls also established new peaks, namely 72.2 years and 79.1 years, respectively. Just as noteworthy has been the recent marked reduction in the racial longevity ...
de Vries B - - 1993
Fifty-four men and women from across the adult life span wrote two-page essays about death and dying. Content coding assessed the extent to which essays were concerned with death or dying (i.e., as a subject of discussion) and self, others, or more abstract conceptions (i.e., referent), as well as levels ...
Vidal A M - - 1993
The pharmacokinetics of diphemanil methylsulphate was evaluated after oral administration of a single 3 mg.kg-1 dose to 5 infants being treated for symptomatic bradycardia. The mean pharmacokinetic parameters of oral diphemanil methylsulphate in infants were similar to those in adults. The mean half-life was 8.6 h. This would allow administration ...
Messick W J - - 1992
This study identified a number of significant predictors of per capita county trauma mortality rates: rurality, percentage nonwhite population, percentage unemployment, and Advanced Life Support (ALS) versus Basic Life Support (BLS) status. Of these, ALS versus BLS status is not only the most significant independent predictor, it is the only ...
Parker K M - - 1992
We describe a case of isopropanol intoxication in a 2-month-old infant. The source of isopropanol and both the route and time of ingestion could be clearly identified. Serial measurements of isopropanol and acetone provided data for calculating their respective elimination half-lives. Isopropanol (half-life = 5.8 hr) clearance was similar to ...
Sampaio L - - 1992
This paper examines the conundrum facing an individual with a terminal disease who wishes to end his or her life in a manner that maintains a minimum of dignity. The State's interest versus the individual's right to live or die is examined in its various aspects. The interference by the ...
Kuhse Helga - - 1992
... While it is no secret that Victorian doctors, like their American counterparts, are frequently making decisions that result in a severely disabled infant's death, they are making these decisions without public guidance, against the backdrop of laws and traditional ethical precepts which uphold in spirit (although, as we shall ...
< 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 >