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Results 401 - 450 of 680
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Smith Timothy D - - 2007
Explanations for the chemosensory abilities of newborn mammals focus primarily on food (milk) acquisition and communication (e.g., maternal-infant bonding). However, the relative importance of the main and accessory (vomeronasal) olfactory systems is hypothesized to differ at birth between altricial and precocial mammals. Strepsirrhines (lemurs and lorises) possess main and accessory ...
Obersteiner Gudrun - - 2007
Landfills at various stages of development, depending on their age and location, can be found throughout Europe. The type of facilities goes from uncontrolled dumpsites to highly engineered facilities with leachate and gas management. In addition, some landfills are designed to receive untreated waste, while others can receive incineration residues ...
Wesley David - - 2007
Actuarial life-table analysis has long been used by life insurance medical directors for mortality abstraction from clinical studies. Ironically, today's life actuary instead uses pivot tables to analyze mortality. Pivot tables (a feature/function in MS Excel) collapse various dimensions of data that were previously arranged in an "experience study" format. ...
Motta M - - 2007
The longevity is a complex phenomenon in which specific genetic properties seem to play a role. The present study intended to reconstruct the genealogical tree of 12 subjects, being residents of one Northern and one Southern province of Italy, in order to establish the longevity of the ancestors. Detailed studies ...
Manninen B A - - 2006
One of the most recent controversies to arise in the field of bioethics concerns the ethics for the Groningen Protocol: the guidelines proposed by the Groningen Academic Hospital in The Netherlands, which would permit doctors to actively euthanise terminally ill infants who are suffering. The Groningen Protocol has been met ...
Auron A - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: Little is known about the relationship between gestational age (GA) or birth weight (BW) and serum creatinine (SCr) in very low birth weight (VLBW) infants. We sought to study postnatal SCr changes and determine if there is a correlation between GA or BW and SCr in VLBW infants, during ...
Musić Milanović Sanja - - 2006
AIM: To examine the differences in life expectancy and mortality between the populations on Croatian islands and the mainland, and among the islands themselves. METHOD: Data on population size and mortality collected in Croatia in 2001 were analyzed by life table and standardized mortality rates. RESULTS: Life expectancy at birth ...
Wilkinson D - - 2006
One of the most contentious ethical issues in the neonatal intensive care unit is the withdrawal of life-sustaining treatment from infants who may otherwise survive. In practice, one of the most important factors influencing this decision is the prediction that the infant will be severely intellectually disabled. Most professional guidelines ...
Daniel Dane T - - 2006
Paracelsus's matter theory remains a puzzling subject, especially insofar as his division of matter and the human being is concerned. Paracelsus's early matter theory, as presented in perhaps his most significant chemical work, the Archidoxis, was influenced by John of Rupescissa and contained elements that the mature Paracelsus--greatly influenced by ...
de Roubaix J A M JA Centre for Applied Ethics, Stellenbosch University. - - 2006
Act 92 of 1996, the Choice on Termination of Pregnancy Act, seeks to promote female autonomy. The Act makes no reference to the nature of the abortus--implying its moral insignificance. Utilitarian arguments on the value of life strongly support this position. Utilitarians argue that neither belonging to the human species, ...
Stephens Carolyn - - 2006
"What sets worlds in motion is the interplay of differences, their attractions and repulsions. Life is plurality, death is uniformity. By suppressing differences and peculiarities, by eliminating different civilisations and cultures, progress weakens life and favours death. The ideal of a single civilisation for everyone implicit in the cult of ...
Novak Milivoj - - 2006
The use of seawater nasal spray is considered safe and sold as a non-prescription medicine. However, it is well known that nasal manipulations can provoke vagal reaction leading to acute life-threatening events. A case of fatal seawater nasal spray application in an infant is presented. We do not consider the ...
Bovens L - - 2006
Some proponents of the pro-life movement argue against morning after pills, IUDs, and contraceptive pills on grounds of a concern for causing embryonic death. What has gone unnoticed, however, is that the pro-life line of argumentation can be extended to the rhythm method of contraception as well. Given certain plausible ...
Waseem Muhammad - - 2006
Children with apparent life-threatening events (ALTEs) often pose a diagnostic and management dilemma in a pediatric emergency department. Although the term ALTE is nonspecific and symptoms are vague, it may have alarming connotations and may signal serious life threatening conditions. It may be a subtle presentation of child abuse. We ...
Subkowski Peter - - 2006
The urge to collect is a ubiquitous phenomenon which has anthropological, sociobiological and individual psychodynamic roots, but occurs far more frequently among men than women. The author examines the reasons for this gender difference and defines systematic collecting to distinguish it from addictive, obsessive and messy collecting, and from related ...
Dijksterhuis Ap - - 2006
Contrary to conventional wisdom, it is not always advantageous to engage in thorough conscious deliberation before choosing. On the basis of recent insights into the characteristics of conscious and unconscious thought, we tested the hypothesis that simple choices (such as between different towels or different sets of oven mitts) indeed ...
Prevedelli Daniela - - 2006
1. The relationships between life history, fitness and sexuality, together with their ecological and evolutionary significance, has been analysed comparing the main life-history traits and demography in three closely related species belonging to the genus Ophryotrocha. The species are: the gonochoristic O. labronica, the simultaneous hermaphrodite O. diadema and the ...
Huang Zebo - - 2006
Some organisms adapt to persistent and severe stress by reversibly adjusting life-death balance to a new equilibrium, e.g., anhydrobiosis ("life without water") enables survival in a quiescent state on extreme desiccation. Aging is characterized by declining response and increasing vulnerability to stress, and the balance slowly, and irreversibly, tilts toward ...
Sandman Lars - - 2005
In the article the concept of natural death as used in end-of-life decision contexts is explored. Reviewing some recent empirical studies on end-of-life decision-making, it is argued that the concept of natural death should not be used as an action-guiding concept in end-of-life decisions both for being too imprecise and ...
Bijma Hilmar H - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Obstetricians may choose to refrain from interventions aimed at sustaining fetal life (i.e., non-aggressive obstetric management) when the fetus has an extremely poor prognosis. However, if the infant is then born alive, crucial neonatal management decisions then have to be made. We sought empirical data concerning such perinatal end-of-life ...
Leslie Alan M - - 2005
A recent article by Onishi and Baillargeon presents evidence that 15-month-old infants attribute false beliefs (FBs) to other people. If correct, it lends dramatic new support to the idea that mental state concepts ("theory of mind") emerge from a specialized neurocognitive mechanism that matures during the second year of life. ...
Mallol J - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Recurrent wheezing (RW) plays an important role in the morbidity and mortality of children during the first year of life in developing regions and its actual incidence in those areas is virtually unknown. METHODS AND RESULTS: This study describes the occurrence of wheezing during the first year of life ...
McInerney Fran - - 2006
This paper focuses on a critical development in the life of the requested death movement [McInerney, F. (2000). "Requested Death": A new social movement. Social Science & Medicine, 50(1), 137-54.], that being the passage of the Northern Territory of Australia's Rights of the Terminally Ill (ROTI) Act 1995. This legislation, ...
Antonioli Paolo - - 2005
During 1391-1392, Spinello Aretino painted a cycle of frescoes in Pisa's cemetery on the theme "Storie dei Santi Martiri Efisio e Potito", highly prized by contemporaries and by Vasari. Twenty years ago, one of these frescoes, "Conversione di S. Efisio e Battaglia" (Conversion of S. Efisio and Battle), because of ...
Rynearson E K - - 2005
This essay outlines the dynamics of retelling the violent death of a loved one and the narrative "dilemma" of vulnerable family members fixated on retelling. To counter this fixation, the author presents a mythic retelling of violent death (the Myth of Theseus) as narrative basis for developing a restorative retelling. ...
Ohmori Kaori - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Past studies have measured and described the length of life with disability before death, but there has been no study of the relationship between modifiable lifestyle factors and duration of disability. OBJECTIVE: To examine whether there are modifiable factors influencing the length of life with disability before death. METHODS: ...
Dyke Peter C PC - - 2005
Heparin induced thrombocytopenia (HIT) is a rare, but potentially life-threatening complication of heparin therapy. In patients with HIT, alternative means of anticoagulation are necessary. The authors present an infant with HIT who required anticoagulation during cardiopulmonary bypass for tricuspid valve excision in the treatment of bacterial endocarditis. The direct thrombin ...
Woods Laura M - - 2005
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To describe the population mortality profile of England and Wales by deprivation and in each government office region (GOR) during 1998, and to quantify the influence of geography and deprivation in determining life expectancy. DESIGN: Construction of life tables describing age specific mortality rates and life expectancy at ...
Kunkele Joachim - - 2005
An association between metabolic rate and life history has been predicted but not demonstrated yet. To test this prediction, we measured the field metabolic rate (FMR) of a rodent, Cavia magna, which has an unusual combination of life-history traits. Cavies live aboveground, feed on energy-poor diets, and take relatively long ...
Abdel-Khalek Ahmed - - 2004
A sample of 209 volunteer Kuwaiti undergraduates responded to an Arabic version of the Revised Collett-Lester Fear of Death Scale with 4 subscales: Death of Self, Dying of Self, Death of Others, and Dying of Others. Reliabilities of the 4 subscales and of the grand total score ranged from 0.75 ...
Welin Stellan - - 2004
In a well known story Derek Parfit describes a disconnection between two entities that normally (in real life) travel together through space and time, namely your personal identity consisting of both mind and body. Realising the possibility of separation, even if it might never happen in real life, new questions ...
Blumer Steven L - - 2004
Ultrasound (US) plays a central role in the diagnostic imaging workup for infantile vomiting. This paper reviews the major causes of vomiting in the first months of life and the use of US and other modalities for their imaging assessment. The differential diagnostic possibilities are reviewed by examining 3 clinical ...
Kaeberlein Matt - - 2004
Calorie restriction slows aging and increases life span in many organisms. In yeast, a mechanistic explanation has been proposed whereby calorie restriction slows aging by activating Sir2. Here we report the identification of a Sir2-independent pathway responsible for a majority of the longevity benefit associated with calorie restriction. Deletion of ...
Winau Florian - - 2004
In 2004, we celebrate the 150th anniversary of the birth of Paul Ehrlich, considered the founder of immunology. His life and work can be divided into three creative periods: first, he developed histological staining, then he accomplished his ground-breaking work on immunology, and eventually invented chemotherapy. Paul Ehrlich can be ...
Stratton Samuel J - - 2004
STUDY OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to define the prevalence and significance of apparent life-threatening events among infants in the out-of-hospital setting. METHODS: This was a retrospective, cohort, outcome study of infants for whom a caregiver activated the emergency medical services (EMS) system. For purposes of the study, ...
Kaplan Robert M - - 2004
As a background to the centenary of Bloomsday, to explore the circumstances in which James Joyce wrote "Ulysses", noting the autobiographical elements and unique style, including the stream-of-consciousness technique that depicted the inner life of the characters. Selected quotations are used to illustrate these points. Joyce wanted to show that ...
Yanowitz Toby Debra - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To test the hypothesis that fetal vessel inflammation (FVI: funisitis and/or fetal vasculitis) is associated with lower blood pressure (BP) over the first week of life and an increased risk of periventricular leukomalacia (PVL) among premature infants. STUDY DESIGN: A total of 255 infants born at <1350 g to ...
Trent Brian - - 2004
Trent shares his perspectives on the mechanics of future immortality and death, which are being laid bare in laboratories around the world. He reiterates that even among new immortals, there will likely be people who, after a full life of two hundred or two million years, will decide that enough ...
Hallberg Ingalill Rahm - - 2004
Providing high-quality end-of-life care to older people is a requirement especially for countries with a high proportion of old and very old people. This calls for an understanding of older people's view of death and dying, and one way forward is to investigate the current knowledge base. This study aimed ...
Sokolov O Yu - - 2004
The half-life of leu-enkephalin in the serum of infants aged under 1 year is significantly shorter than in adults. In girls leu-enkephalin half-life is significantly longer than in boys. The half-life of leu-enkephalin is different in infants on breast and formula feeding. Nine characteristics of temperament in infants of the ...
Seale Clive - - 2004
In this study, newspaper accounts of people who die alone are analysed, drawing on a sample of 90 articles in the anglophone press that appeared in October 1999. Dying alone is represented as a fearful fate and a moral affair, often being the outcome of an undesirable personal character, either ...
Provoost V - - 2004
AIM: Valid and reliable data are needed to gain insight into the decisions of paediatricians concerning the end of life of newborns and infants. Such data could throw light on the poorly documented aspects of medical practice regarding these end-of-life decisions (ELDs). In this article a classification of ELDs is ...
Bomsdorf Eckart - - 2004
The expected demographic shifts-already having commenced in many countries-have their origin primarily in decreasing birth rates and increased life expectancy. This paper will show possible development paths for life expectancy at birth up until the year 2050. We will distinguish between traditional period life tables and cohort life tables, the ...
Sato Takashi - - 2004
In 1994, the water quality standard of dialysate and substitution fluid for on-line HDF was established by the Kyushu Society for HDF. On the other hand, with the widespread use of high-flux membrane, reverse filtration and reverse diffusion became evident, and purification of the dialysate has become essential even for ...
Kingsbury Brett - - 2004
When life-sustaining hydration and nutrition is withheld from an incompetent and immobile patient like Terri Schiavo, death comes to the patient by dehydration within about two weeks. Americans should be permitted to arrange for euthanasia at that point, as opposed to merely dehydrating to death, and should be able to ...
Ottinger Mary Ann - - 2003
In order to reveal patterns of reproductive aging in birds we focus on a short lived species, the Japanese quail and the American kestrel, which has a life span of medium length. Quail have been studied extensively in the laboratory as models for understanding avian endocrinology and behavior, and as ...
Takahashi S - - 2003
Helping a "micropreemie" to live by aggressive interventions may sometimes seem unnatural. However, utilitarian assessment of benefits derived from lifesaving efforts for a micropreemie is considered inappropriate. The goal in treating premature infants has advanced from fetal salvage to achieving "intact survival", which represents a new therapeutic target. In this ...
Milstein Jay M - - 2003
At the end of life, when curative measures have failed to conquer the terminal nature of a disease, it is imperative to introduce healing measures that deal with the human suffering associated with illness. When dealing with critically ill neonates with lethal conditions, it may be necessary to institute healing ...
Crews Douglas E - - 2003
Aspects of life history, such as processes and timing of development, age at maturation, and life span are consistently associated with one another across the animal kingdom. Species that develop rapidly tend to mature and reproduce early, have many offspring, and exhibit shorter life spans (r-selection) than those that develop ...
Fornazzari Luis - - 2003
The clinical and neuropathological features of a man with solvent vapour-abuse leukoencephalopathy due to toluene is described. The findings suggest that the clinical spectrum of toluene leukencepathalopathy includes dementia with prominent prefrontal dysfunction. In addition, there was evidence of ongoing white matter damage in the form of persistence of PAS-positive ...
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