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Results 301 - 350 of 885
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Celebi Ali Riza Cenk AR Department of Ophthalmology, Nigde State Hospital, Nigde, - - 2014
Background The aim of this study was to identify the incidence of severe retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) requiring laser treatment and the overall incidence of ROP in extremely low birth weight (ELBW) infants, and to evaluate the associated risk factors for developing severe ROP in ELBW infants in Turkey. Material ...
Cung Tam Giao TG Centre for International Health, University of Bergen, Bergen, - - 2014
Stillbirths are insufficiently reported in many countries. In Nablus, reporting has recently started; little is published in Palestine on the stillbirth rate and its risk factors. To study the rate of stillbirths at Rafidia Hospital in 2010 and some of its risk factors. A retrospective cohort design. Data were collected ...
Keitel Anne A Centre for Cognitive Neuroimaging, Institute of Neuroscience and Psychology, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, United Kingdom; Research Group 'Infant Cognition and Action', Max Planck Institute for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Leipzig, - - 2014
Infants and adults frequently observe actions performed jointly by more than one person. Research in action perception, however, has focused largely on actions performed by an individual person. Here, we explore how 9- and 12-month-old infants and adults perceive a block-stacking action performed by either one agent (individual condition) or ...
Dodd Jodie M JM School of Paediatrics and Reproductive Health, The University of Adelaide, and The Robinson Institute, Adelaide, S.A., - - 2014
Overweight and obesity during pregnancy are common and are associated with an increased risk of adverse health outcomes for both the mother and the infant. However, robust evidence about the effect of antenatal dietary and lifestyle interventions on health outcomes is lacking. We conducted a multicenter, randomized trial, recruiting 2,212 ...
Libertus Klaus K Learning Research and Development Center, University of Pittsburgh Pittsburgh, PA, USA ; Center for Autism and Related Disorders, Kennedy Krieger Institute Baltimore, MD, - - 2014
Recent findings suggest impaired motor skill development during infancy in children later diagnosed with autism spectrum disorders (ASD). However, it remains unclear whether infants at high familial risk for ASD would benefit from early interventions targeting the motor domain. The current study investigated this issue by providing 3-month-old infants at ...
Parets Sasha E SE Genetics and Molecular Biology Program, Emory University, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA. - - 2014
The epigenetic patterns established during development may influence gene expression over a lifetime and increase susceptibility to chronic disease. Being born preterm (<37 weeks of gestation) is associated with increased risk mortality and morbidity from birth until adulthood. This brief review explores the potential role of DNA methylation in preterm ...
Passini Renato R Jr Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, School of Medical Sciences, University of Campinas, Campinas, - - 2014
Preterm birth rate is increasing and is currently a worldwide concern. The purpose of this study was to estimate the prevalence of preterm birth in a sample of health facilities in Brazil and to identify the main risk factors associated with spontaneous preterm births. This was a multicentre cross sectional ...
Lundgren Pia P Institute of Neuroscience and Physiology, Sahlgrenska Academy at University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, - - 2014
To evaluate the impact of low birth weight as a risk factor for retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) that will require treatment in correlation with gestational age at birth (GA). In total, 2941 infants born <32 weeks GA were eligible from five cohorts of preterm infants previously collected for analysis in ...
Murphy Mary M MM Exponent, Inc., Center for Chemical Regulation and Food Safety, Washington, DC, - - 2014
Maternal nutrition is recognized as one of the determinants of fetal growth. Consumption of fruits and vegetables is promoted as part of a healthful diet; however, intakes are typically lower than recommended levels. The purpose of this study was to systematically review results from studies examining the relationship between maternal ...
Rashidian A A Knowledge Utilization Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran; Department of Health Management and Economics, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. Electronic address: - - 2014
Several reports recommend the implementation of perinatal regionalization for improvements in maternal and neonatal outcomes, while research evidence on the effectiveness of perinatal regionalization has been limited. The interventional studies have been assessed for robust evidence on the effectiveness of perinatal regionalization on improving maternal and neonatal health outcomes. Bibliographic ...
Novack Miriam A MA The University of Chicago, Illinois, - - 2014
By the end of the first year, infants expect spoken labels to be extended across individuals and thus, seem to understand words as shared conventional forms. However, it is unknown whether infants' willingness to extend labels across individuals is constrained to familiar forms, such as spoken words, or whether infants ...
Herman Christopher W CW Eastern Michigan University, Ypsilanti, Michigan, United States of - - 2014
Recently, much media attention has been given to the premature deaths in professional wrestlers. Since no formal studies exist that have statistically examined the probability of premature mortality in professional wrestlers, we determined survival estimates for active wresters over the past quarter century to establish the factors contributing to the ...
Bhatt Sasmira S The Ritchie Centre, MIMR-PHI Institute of Medical Research, Monash University , Melbourne, VIC , Australia ; Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Monash University , Melbourne, VIC , - - 2014
The transition from a fetus to a neonate at birth represents a critical phase in our life. Most infants make this transition without complications, but preterm infants usually require some form of assistance due to immature cardiopulmonary systems that predispose them to lifelong sequelae. As the incidence of preterm birth ...
Kayode Gbenga A GA Julius Global Health, Julius Center for Health Sciences and Primary Care, University Medical Centre Utrecht, Utrecht, The - - 2014
Low birth weight (LBW) remains to be a leading cause of neonatal death and a major contributor to infant and under-five mortality. Its prevalence has not declined in the last decade in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) and Asia. Some individual level factors have been identified as risk factors for LBW but ...
Iyoke Chukwuemeka Anthony CA Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital, Ituku-Ozalla, Enugu, - - 2014
Preterm birth is a high risk condition associated with significant mortality and morbidity in the perinatal, neonatal, and childhood periods, and even in adulthood. Knowledge of the epidemiology of preterm births is necessary for planning appropriate maternal and fetal care. The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence, ...
Nisar Yasir Bin YB Sydney School of Public Health, The University of Sydney, - - 2014
Early neonatal deaths account for 75% of neonatal deaths globally. Antenatal iron-folic acid (IFA) supplementation has significantly reduced the risk of early neonatal deaths in China and Indonesia. We investigated the impact of antenatal IFA supplements on the risk of early neonatal deaths in Nepal and Pakistan during the last ...
Orekhova Elena V EV Centre for Brain and Cognitive Development, School of Psychology, Birkbeck, University of London, Henry Welcome Building, London, WC1E 7HX - - 2014
It has been previously reported that structural and functional brain connectivity in individuals with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) is atypical and may vary with age. However, to date, no measures of functional connectivity measured within the first 2 years have specifically associated with a later ASD diagnosis. In the present study, ...
Mirfazeli Arezou A 1. MD, Assistant Professor, Gorgan Congenital Malformations Research Center, Department of Neonatology, Golestan University of Medical Sciences, Gorgan, Iran. - - 2014
Reduction of neonatal mortality rate can improve health and newborn status of the society. This study was done to evaluate the prevalence and pattern of causes for neonatal mortality in Gorgan, North of Iran. this descriptive, cross-sectional study was carried out on all birth in the maternity Dezyani hospital in ...
Streatfield P Kim PK Matlab HDSS, Bangladesh; International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research, Bangladesh; INDEPTH Network, Accra, - - 2014
Childhood mortality, particularly in the first 5 years of life, is a major global concern and the target of Millennium Development Goal 4. Although the majority of childhood deaths occur in Africa and Asia, these are also the regions where such deaths are least likely to be registered. The INDEPTH ...
Streatfield P Kim PK Matlab HDSS, Bangladesh; International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research, Bangladesh; INDEPTH Network, Accra, - - 2014
Mortality from external causes, of all kinds, is an important component of overall mortality on a global basis. However, these deaths, like others in Africa and Asia, are often not counted or documented on an individual basis. Overviews of the state of external cause mortality in Africa and Asia are ...
Tahirkheli Noor N NN Section of General and Community Pediatrics, Department of Pediatrics, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, Oklahoma City, OK, - - 2014
As the most common complication of childbirth affecting 10%-15% of women, postpartum depression (PPD) goes vastly undetected and untreated, inflicting long-term consequences on both mother and child. Studies consistently show that mothers of infants in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) experience PPD at higher rates with more elevated symptomatology ...
Hyvärinen Lea L Faculty of Rehabilitation Sciences, TU Dortmund, August-Schmidt-Straße 4, 44227 Dortmund, Germany ; 644 Whitetail Drive, Lewisberry, PA 17339 - - 2014
The current understanding of what infants see varies greatly among healthcare and education specialists. Even among ophthalmologists and pediatric neurologists in charge of clinical examinations of infants, opinions vary on what infants perceive, recognize, and use for communication and learning. It is, therefore, of interest to review publications from several ...
Johansson Stefan S Clinical Epidemiology Unit, Department of Medicine, Solna, Karolinska University Hospital, Karolinska Institutet, SE-171 76 Stockholm, Sweden - - 2014
To investigate associations between maternal overweight and obesity and infant mortality outcomes, including cause-specific mortality. Population based cohort study. 1 857 822 live single births in Sweden 1992-2010. Associations between maternal body mass index (BMI) in early pregnancy and risks of infant, neonatal, and postneonatal mortality, overall and stratified by gestational length ...
Weng Yi-Hao YH Division of Neonatology, Department of Pediatrics, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Chang Gung University College of Medicine, Taipei, - - 2014
Although a number of studies have investigated correlations of maternal age with birth outcomes, an extensive assessment using age as a continuous variable is lacking. In the current study, we estimated age-specific risks of adverse birth outcomes in childbearing women. National population-based data containing maternal and neonatal information were derived ...
Crawford Nigel W NW SAEFVIC, Murdoch Children's Research Institute (MCRI), Melbourne, Victoria, Australia; Department of General Medicine, Royal Children's Hospital (RCH), Melbourne, Victoria, Australia; Department of Paediatrics, The University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Victoria, - - 2013
Preterm infants are at increased risk of vaccine preventable diseases. An audit in 2007 identified suboptimal immunisation status of preterm infants. The aim of this study was to complete the 'audit loop', reviewing preterm infants' immunisation status at a single tertiary paediatric hospital. A retrospective follow-up immunisation audit was conducted ...
Christopher Gail G Gail Christopher is vice president-program strategy and Patrick Simpson is a program officer at the W. K. Kellogg Foundation, Battle Creek, - - 2013
In 2013, the maternal and child health community received encouraging news from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). After having stalled from 2000 to 2005, our nation's infant mortality rate declined 12% from 2005 through 2011, to 6.05 infant deaths per 1000 live births.(1) The CDC also reported ...
Tan Sidhartha S NorthShore University Health System, University Chicago Pritzker School of Medicine, 2650 Ridge Avenue, Evanston, IL 60201, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
There is a certainty in malpractice cases that neurodevelopmental deficits are caused by preventable events at birth when the onset, nature, and timing of the insult in the antenatal and natal period are unknown. The biggest problem is determining timing. Electronic fetal monitoring is given excessive importance in legal cases. ...
Bouras Georgios - - 2013
Studies have shown that preterm birth significantly influences mothers' psychological health. This study aimed to identify factors associated with preterm birth and assess postnatal depression and anxiety symptoms in mothers of preterm infants (n = 75) compared to mothers who delivered at term (n = 125) in a Greek sample. ...
Makari Doris - - 2013
Palivizumab monthly injections throughout the RSV season prevent severe respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) disease in preterm infants ? 35 wGA. However, some RSV guidelines currently recommend stopping palivizumab after 3 months of age in the midst of the RSV season. This article evaluates the need for full-season dosing by reviewing ...
Romero Roberto - - 2013
Preterm birth is the leading cause of perinatal morbidity and mortality worldwide, and its prevention is an important healthcare priority. Preterm parturition is one of the 'great obstetrical syndromes' and is caused by multiple etiologies. One of the mechanisms of disease is the untimely decline in progesterone action, which can ...
Del Vecchio Michael Thomas MT Department of Pediatrics, Temple University School of Medicine, St Christopher's Hospital for Children, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, - - 2013
The present report describes three infants receiving palivizumab prophylaxis who presented with apnea associated with respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) infection. All three were found to be RSV positive but had mild bronchiolitis courses. Even though palivizumab has been shown to be an effective prophylaxis in preventing RSV bronchiolitis hospitalizations, its ...
Larijani Faezeh Javadi FJ Department of Pediatrics, Division of Nephrology, Children Medical Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, - - 2013
The most common cause of neurogenic bladder dysfunction (NBD) in newborn infants is myelomeningocele. The pathophysiology almost always involves the bladder detrusor sphincter dyssynergy (DSD), which if untreated can cause severe and irreversible damage to the upper and lower urinary tracts. Early diagnosis and adequate management of NBD is critical ...
Di Gioia Diana - - 2013
This review is aimed at describing the most recent advances in the gut microbiota composition of newborns and infants with a particular emphasis on bifidobacteria. The newborn gut microbiota is quite unstable, whereas after weaning, it becomes more stable and gets closer to the typical adult microbiota. The newborn and ...
Crowther Caroline A - - 2013
Thyrotropin-releasing hormones (TRH) added to prenatal corticosteroids has been suggested as a way to further reduce breathing problems and neonatal lung disease in infants born preterm. To assess the effects of giving prenatal TRH in addition to corticosteroids to women at risk of preterm birth for the prevention of neonatal ...
Lawn Joy E - - 2013
This article is part of a supplement jointly funded by Save the Children's Saving Newborn Lives programme through a grant from The Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation and March of Dimes Foundation and published in collaboration with the Partnership for Maternal, Newborn and Child Health and the World Health Organization ...
Ghadrshenas Anisa A aClinton Health Access Initiative, Boston, Massachusetts bThe Earth Institute, Columbia University, New York, New York cCenters for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA dNational Health Laboratory Services, Johannesburg, South Africa eAnn & Robert H. Lurie Children's Hospital of Chicago, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, Chicago, Illinois, - - 2013
Prevention-of-mother-to-child-transmission (PMTCT) programs have made it possible to achieve dramatic reductions in the rate of vertical HIV transmission. However, high attrition, particularly after delivery, has limited the impact of these interventions for HIV-exposed infants who remain at risk through the end of breastfeeding. A review of current literature on early ...
Omranikhoo Habib H Department of Health Management and Economics, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran ; Department of Health Promotion, School of Health, Bushehr University of Medical Sciences, Bushehr, - - 2013
Avoidable mortality as an indicator for assessing the health system performance has caught the attention of researchers for a long time. In this study we aimed to compare the health system performance using this indicator in rural and urban areas of one of Iran's southern provinces. All deaths (29916) which ...
Mei Lin L Department of Health Care Management and Maternal and Child Health, Shandong University, Ji'nan, Shandong, China; ; Department of Surgery, Graduate School of Medicine, The University of Tokyo, Tokyo, - - 2013
Phenylketonuria (PKU) is a treat-able and prevent-able inborn error of metabolism which leads to severe mental retardation and neurobehavioral abnormalities. A screening program, especially for early detection, combined with a Phe-restricted therapeutic diet can help to control the process of PKU of most patients. The China government has put more ...
Järvinen Kirsi M - - 2013
The role of maternal avoidance diets in the prevention of food allergies is currently under debate. Little is known regarding the effects of such diets on human milk (HM) composition or induction of infant humoral responses. To assess the association of maternal cow's milk (CM) avoidance during breastfeeding with specific ...
Papatsonis Dimitri Nm - - 2013
In some women, an episode of preterm labour settles and does not result in immediate preterm birth. Subsequent treatment with tocolytic agents such as oxytocin receptor antagonists may then have the potential to prevent the recurrence of preterm labour, prolonging gestation, and preventing the adverse consequences of prematurity for the ...
Sania Ayesha - - 2013
Our objectives were to examine the associations of neonatal and infant mortality with preterm birth and intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR), and to estimate the partial population attributable risk per cent (pPAR%) of neonatal and infant mortality due to preterm birth and IUGR. Participants were HIV-negative pregnant women and their infants ...
Maayan-Metzger Ayala - - 2013
Objective: To evaluate the effect of duration of early breastfeeding in the delivery room on blood glucose levels among term neonates of diabetic mothers. Methods: Mothers with gestational diabetes were encouraged to breastfeed their infants immediately after birth in the delivery room. The breastfeeding duration was recorded by the midwife. ...
Sung Valerie - - 2013
IMPORTANCE Excessive infant crying is common, distressing, but without proven effective prevention or management options. Probiotics may be a promising solution. OBJECTIVE To examine whether probiotics are effective in the prevention/management of crying ("colic") in infants 3 months or younger. DATA SOURCES A systematic search of MEDLINE, EMBASE, and the ...
Aydin Mustafa - - 2013
We read with great interest the article by Barois and Tourneux (1) that evaluated the feasibility and efficacy of administering immediate ketamine analgesia, plus atrophine, to preterm newborn babies at birth, so that tracheal intubation could be carried out in the delivery room. The authors suggest that this practice is ...
Tinker Sarah C - - 2013
Hispanics in the US have a higher prevalence of neural tube defect (NTD) -affected pregnancies than non-Hispanic whites, and lower median total folic acid (FA) intake. FA fortification of corn masa flour (CMF) is a policy-level intervention for NTD prevention; however, the impact on NTD prevalence has not been estimated. ...
Duzinski Sarah V - - 2013
Accidental suffocation and strangulation in bed is a leading cause of preventable infant death. Bed sharing, teen motherhood, and Hispanic ethnicity have been associated with infant sleep suffocation death. Fifty-five Hispanic teen mothers were surveyed regarding acculturation/demographic characteristics and their infants' sleep behaviors. Most participants had 2 foreign-born parents from ...
Bukar M M Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Maiduguri Teaching Hospital, - - 2013
The North Eastern region of Nigeria has one of the highest maternal mortality ratios (MMRs) in the world, and most of these deaths are preventable. Culture, religion and customs that prevent access to care contribute immensely to these deaths. To review and document the MMR. This was a retrospective study ...
Glidewell Jill - - 2013
Purpose:As epidemiological studies expand to examine gene-environment interaction effects, it is important to identify factors associated with participation in genetic studies. The National Birth Defects Prevention Study is a multisite case-control study designed to investigate environmental and genetic risk factors for major birth defects. The National Birth Defects Prevention Study ...
Bergmann Renate L - - 2013
Abstract Natural processes do not always function perfectly. In breastfeeding, problems are encountered in up to 80% of mother-infant dyads. Altogether, in Western societies, the difficulties reduce the breastfeeding rate within the first months drastically. To deal with the problems of breastfeeding efficiently requires a profound understanding of its physiology, ...
Sibanda Euphemia - - 2013
Although prevention of mother-to-child HIV transmission (PMTCT) programs are widely implemented, many children do not benefit from them because of loss to follow-up (LTFU). We conducted a systematic review to determine the magnitude of infant/baby LTFU along the PMTCT cascade. Eligible publications reported infant LTFU outcomes from standard care PMTCT ...
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