Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 694
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Sables-Baus Sharon - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Achievement of adequate oral nutrition is a challenging task after early neonatal cardiac surgery. This study aims to describe predictors of oral feeding outcomes for neonates after early surgical interventions.Materials and methodsA retrospective review of neonates admitted with congenital cardiac disease over a period of 1 year. We analysed ...
Yilmaz A E - - 2011
Objective: The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of lesions of the oral mucosa from birth to two years in Turkish pediatric patients . Materials and Methods: A total of 299 infants from newborn to two years of age were evaluated from the Outpatient Clinics of the ...
Nelun Barfod Mette - - 2011
International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry 2011 Background.  Early in life, vaginally delivered infants exhibit a different composition of the gut flora compared with infants delivered by caesarean section (C-section); however, it is unclear whether this also applies to the oral cavity. Aim.  To investigate and compare the oral microbial profile ...
Fucile Sandra S School of Physical and Occupational Therapy, McGill University, Montreal, QC, Canada. - - 2011
The aim of this study was to determine whether oral, tactile/kinaesthetic (T/K), or combined (oral+T/K) interventions enhance oral feeding performance and whether combined interventions have an additive/synergistic effect. Seventy-five preterm infants (mean gestational age 29 wk; standard error of the mean [SEM] 0.3 wk; mean birthweight 1340.3g; SEM 52.5 g; ...
Yildiz Aynur - - 2011
Aim and objective.  This research aimed to assess the effect of giving pacifiers to premature infants and making them listen to lullabies on the transition period to total oral feeding, their sucking success and their vital signs (peak heart rate, respiration rate and oxygen saturation). Background.  It is very important ...
Kandasamy Yogavijayan - - 2011
BACKGROUND: The ophthalmological examination of premature infants, which is essential for the detection of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP), can be painful and distressing for the infant. Various researchers have investigated the benefits of topical anesthesia, oral sucrose, and nonpharmalogical intervention for pain relief. The purpose of this study is to ...
de Beavis Fleur O V - - 2011
Infant oral mutilation is a practice performed by traditional healers in many Eastern African countries. The sequelae of this practice have been recognised and reported on in many developed countries due to the migration of populations, customs and beliefs. This article describes three cases of infant oral mutilation that have ...
Morales Paola - - 2011
Perinatal asphyxia occurs still with great incidence whenever delivery is prolonged, despite improvements in perinatal care. After asphyxia, infants can suffer from short- to long-term neurological sequelae, their severity depend upon the extent of the insult, the metabolic imbalance during the re-oxygenation period and the developmental state of the affected ...
Ayede A I AI Department of Paediatrics, University College Hospital, - - 2011
Preterm deaths are responsible for the highest number of neonatal mortality in Nigeria. Preterm nutrition contributes significantly to overall outcome particularly as it relates to neurodevelopment. Recently, new guidelines for enteral feedings in premature infants were issued by the American Academy of Paediatrics and European Society of Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology ...
Giapros Vasileios - - 2011
Renal injury in early life may lead to hypertension and renal disease in adulthood. In this prospective study, we estimated renal glomerular and tubular function and kidney length (KL) during the first 2 years of life of preterm infants with nephrocalcinosis (NC) associated with prematurity. The study cohort comprised 107 preterm ...
Filiberto Amanda C - - 2011
Birthweight has been associated with a number of health outcomes throughout life. Crucial to proper infant growth and development is the placenta, and alterations to placental gene function may reflect differences in the intrauterine environment which functionally contribute to infant growth and may ultimately affect the child's health. To examine ...
Currie Janet J NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH, 1050 Massachusetts Avenue, Cambridge, MA - - 2011
We are the first to examine the effect of Superfund cleanups on infant health rather than focusing on proximity to a site. We study singleton births to mothers residing within 5km of a Superfund site between 1989-2003 in five large states. Our "difference in differences" approach compares birth outcomes before ...
Pillarisetti Naveen - - 2011
RATIONALE: Better understanding of evolution of lung function in infants with cystic fibrosis (CF) and its association with pulmonary inflammation and infection is crucial in informing both early intervention studies aimed at limiting lung damage and the role of lung function as outcomes in such studies. OBJECTIVES: To describe longitudinal ...
Lessen Brenda S - - 2011
Preterm infants frequently experience oral feeding difficulties due to underdeveloped oral motor skills and the lack of coordination of sucking, swallowing, and respiration. The infants' ability to consume all feedings orally while maintaining physiologic stability and weight gain is necessary for their discharge. Therefore, difficulty with oral feeding leads to ...
Masho Saba W - - 2011
Striking racial disparities in infant mortality exist in the United States, with rates of infant death among African Americans (AA) nearly twice the national average. Community-based participatory research (CBPR) approaches have been successful in fostering collaborative relationships between communities and researchers focused on developing effective and sustainable interventions and programs ...
Miura Kenichiro - - 2011
Renal dysplasia associated with urinary tract obstruction comprises two distinct phenotypes, i.e., multicystic dysplastic kidney (MCDK) and obstructive renal dysplasia (ORD). MCDK is a common manifestation in infants with renal dysplasia, which is characterized by multiloculated thin-walled cysts with no functional parenchyma and an atretic ureter owing to pyelocalyceal occlusion ...
Lin Haodong - - 2011
PURPOSE: The use of contralateral C7 is seldom indicated in infants with obstetrical brachial plexus palsy (OBPP). The purpose of this study was to evaluate the value of contralateral C7 transfer in infants with upper OBPP in order to define the application and outcome of this transfer in these infants ...
Drysdale Simon B - - 2011
Objective Prematurely born infants who develop respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) lower respiratory tract infections (LRTIs) have lung function abnormalities at follow-up. The aim of this study was to determine whether prematurely born infants who developed symptomatic RSV, or other viral LRTI(s), had poorer premorbid lung function than infants who did ...
Peterson Amy L - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether the mode of delivery of infants prenatally diagnosed with hypoplastic left heart syndrome (HLHS) affects markers of perinatal hemodynamics. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective review of patients diagnosed prenatally with HLHS and delivered within our institution was undertaken. Arterial blood gases, echocardiographic data, and markers of end ...
Wong Ivan H-B - - 2011
OBJECTIVES: To determine if dexamethasone given to premature infants with bronchopulmonary dysplasia would result in cardiac diastolic dysfunction in early childhood, a topic unstudied in humans. STUDY DESIGN: We compared seven children ages 3 to 8 years born at 26 weeks' gestation and given dexamethasone for bronchopulmonary dysplasia with eight ...
Jary Sally - - 2011
OBJECTIVES: To investigate whether infants with a score <50 on the Bayley Scales of Infant Development, Second Edition (BSID-II) demonstrated differences in functional ability, and to assess whether the Bayley Developmental Quotients (DQs) indicated such differences. STUDY DESIGN: Preterm infants (n = 67; 47 boys) with posthemorrhagic ventricular dilatation were ...
Gilmore M M - - 2011
Objective:To evaluate cerebrovascular autoregulation as a function of arterial blood pressure (ABP) in the critically ill, premature infant.Study Design:A prospective observational pilot study was conducted in two tertiary care Neonatal Intensive-Care Units. Premature infants (n=23, 30 weeks estimated gestational age with invasive ABP monitoring) were enrolled and received routine care ...
Smyser Christopher D CD Department of Neurology, Washington University, Saint Louis, MO 63110-1093, USA. - - 2011
Advanced neuroimaging techniques have been increasingly applied to the study of preterm and term infants in an effort to further define the functional cerebral architecture of the developing brain. Despite improved understanding of the complex relationship between structure and function obtained through these investigations, significant questions remain regarding the nature, ...
Adolph Karen E KE Department of Psychology, New York University, New York, NY 10003, USA. - - 2011
This research examined developmental continuity between "cruising" (moving sideways holding onto furniture for support) and walking. Because cruising and walking involve locomotion in an upright posture, researchers have assumed that cruising is functionally related to walking. Study 1 showed that most infants crawl and cruise concurrently prior to walking, amassing ...
May Caroline - - 2011
Objective To determine whether elevation of a biological marker of inflammation would be a better predictor of bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) development than lung function measurement results. Design Prospective study. Setting Tertiary neonatal intensive care unit. Patients 78 prematurely born infants (median gestational age 29 (range 24-32) weeks) were studied; 39 ...
Jiang Ze D - - 2011
Aim:  To examine brainstem auditory function at term in late preterm infants admitted to neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). Methods:  52 preterm infants, born at 33-36 week gestation, were recruited in an NICU, and studied at term using brainstem auditory evoked response (BAER). Results:  Compared to normal term infants, BAER ...
Braga Luis H P - - 2011
Persistent cloaca is a rare urogenital anomaly that can pose significant challenges for adequate diagnosis and management. We describe the case of an infant girl with a cloacal malformation, having a single perineal orifice and an accessory phallic urethra, who presented with ambiguous genitalia at birth. The distal part of ...
Kerstjens Jorien M - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence and nature of developmental delay at preschool age in infants born moderately preterm compared with those born full-term and early preterm. STUDY DESIGN: Parents of 927 moderate preterm infants (32-35(+6) weeks gestation), 512 early preterm infants (<32 weeks gestation) and 544 full-term infants (38-41(+6) weeks ...
Shah Dharmesh M - - 2011
Aim:  Poor neonatal outcome of preterm premature rupture of membranes (PPROM) <24 weeks' gestational age (GA) is probably a result of abnormalities in both airway and vascular developments, ventilation perfusion mismatch, and possibly persistent pulmonary hypertension of the newborn (PPHN). Perinatal mortality of 50-90% has been reported in the past, with ...
Trucco Sara M - - 2011
This study sought to evaluate the outcome of maternal autoantibody-mediated fetal cardiomyopathy/endocardial fibroelastosis following intravenous gamma globulin (IVIG) and corticosteroid therapy. We have previously shown that 85% of fetuses and infants with maternal autoantibody-mediated fetal cardiomyopathy/endocardial fibroelastosis suffer demise or need for transplant. In an attempt to improve this outcome, ...
Sela David A - - 2011
Lactating mothers secrete milk sialyloligosaccharides (MSOs) that function as anti-adhesives once provided to the neonate. Particular infant-associated commensals, such as Bifidobacterium longum subsp. infantis, consume neutral milk oligosaccharides, although their ability to utilize acidic oligosaccharides has not been assessed. Temporal glycoprofiling of acidic HMO consumed during fermentation demonstrated a single ...
Sehgal A - - 2011
Polycythemia hyperviscosity syndrome has been associated with multiple systemic effects. There is dearth of data on the effects of polycythemia on cardiac function. This case presents a newborn infant with symptomatic polycythemia in whom detailed myocardial function analysis for systolic and diastolic performance, as well as end-organ perfusion assessment was ...
Lavezzi Anna M - - 2011
We investigated the immunohistochemical expression of substance P (SP) in the brainstems of 56 subjects aged from 17 gestational weeks to 10 post natal months, who died of unknown (sudden unexplained fetal deaths and SIDS) and known causes (controls). The goals of this study were: (i) to obtain basic information ...
Sreeram Narayanswami - - 2011
A 10-month-old infant with severe tricuspid valve disease due to staphylococcal bacterial endocarditis, underwent surgical replacement of the valve. The new valve was fashioned using an autologous pericardial patch. Over 3 years of follow-up, the new valve has functioned satisfactorily, with moderately elevated right atrial pressure.
Ricci Daniela - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Several studies have reported the development of various aspects of visual function in infancy and early childhood in both preterm and term-born infants, but only a few studies have focused on the predictive power of neonatal visual findings in infants with brain lesions. AIMS: To explore visual findings at ...
van Putte-Katier N - - 2011
This study investigated the relationship between parental lung function and their children's lung function measured early in life. Infants were participants in the Wheezing Illnesses Study Leidsche Rijn (WHISTLER). Lung function was measured before the age of 2 months using the single occlusion technique. Parental data on lung function (spirometry), ...
Rogers Zora R - - 2011
We evaluated spleen function in 193 children with sickle cell anemia 8 to 18 months of age by (99m)Tc sulfur-colloid liver-spleen scan and correlated results with clinical and laboratory parameters, including 2 splenic biomarkers: pitted cell counts (PIT) and quantitative Howell-Jolly bodies (HJB) enumerated by flow cytometry. Loss of splenic ...
Malmström Kristiina - - 2011
Background Relationships between early deficits of lung function, infant airway pathology and outcome in symptomatic infants are unclear. A study was undertaken to determine the associations between early lung function, airway histology and inflammation in symptomatic infants with the continuance of respiratory symptoms, lung function and subsequent use of inhaled ...
Ryalat Soukaina - - 2011
Objectives: To determine the association between preterm birth (PTB) and maternal oral diseases during pregnancy. Subjects and Methods: This prospective study was performed by the neonatal and dental departments at Jordan University Hospital. The study included 100 women who gave birth to preterm singleton infants (born less than 37 complete ...
Szajewska Hania - - 2011
The concept of manipulating the gut microbiota through the administration of probiotics during early life in order to reduce the risk of and prevent or treat diseases, including those that manifest in later life, is appealing. However, a cautious approach is needed, and the long-term consequences of such administration should ...
Alkizim Faraj - - 2011
Diarrhoea is one of the leading causes of infant mortality. This article analyzes its contribution towards the realization of millennium development goal number 4 (MDG-4). A PubMed search using keywords acute infant diarrhea together with prevalence, management, or prevention 23 of the 634 generated articles were reviewed for inclusion. WHO ...
Pammi Mohan - - 2011
Lactoferrin, a normal component of human colostrum, milk, tears and saliva can enhance host defence and may be effective in the prevention of sepsis and necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) in preterm neonates. To assess the safety and effectiveness of oral lactoferrin in the prevention of sepsis and NEC in preterm neonates. ...
Cephas Kimberly D - - 2011
Bacterial contribution to oral disease has been studied in young children, but there is a lack of data addressing the developmental perspective in edentulous infants. Our primary objectives were to use pyrosequencing to phylogenetically characterize the salivary bacterial microbiome of edentulous infants and to make comparisons against their mothers. Saliva ...
Filias Athanasios - - 2011
Infections by a variety of pathogens are a significant cause of morbidity and mortality during perinatal period. The susceptibility of neonates to bacterial infections has been attributed to immaturity of innate immunity. It is considered that one of the impaired mechanisms is the phagocytic function of neutrophils and monocytes. The ...
Cabana Michael D MD Department of Pediatrics, Epidemiology and Biostatistics and the Philip R. Lee Institute for Health Policy Studies, University of California, San Francisco, - - 2011
Environmental factors during early infancy could theoretically affect immune system development and subsequent risk of allergic disease. One potentially helpful exposure is early infant supplementation with specific probiotic strains. Unlike other exposures, probiotic supplementation is feasible and has a good safety profile. A review of recent randomized, controlled trials suggests ...
Bar-Yishay Ephraim - - 2010
RATIONALE: The maximal expiratory flow-volume (MEFV) and the partial expiratory flow-volume (PEFV) maneuvers are interchangeably performed when testing infant lung function. In recent years, the MEFV has gained popularity over the PEFV as it offers the investigator various forced expiratory flow and volume variables in addition to the sole, maximal ...
Escribano Joaquin - - 2011
Protein intake has been directly associated with kidney growth and function in animal and human observational studies. Protein supply can vary widely during the first months of life, thus promoting different kidney growth patterns and possibly affecting kidney and cardiovascular health in the long term. To explore this further, we ...
Cilieborg Malene S - - 2011
Preterm birth and necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) is associated with inappropriate gut colonization and immunity, which may be improved by probiotic bacteria. Using a preterm pig model of NEC, we investigated the effects of probiotics on intestinal structure, function, microbiology, and immunology in the immediate postnatal period. Just after birth, caesarean-delivered ...
Vieux R - - 2010
Objective To determine the impact on glomerular filtration rate (GFR) and tubular function of drugs prescribed to very preterm infants during the first week of life. Design Prospective multicentre cohort study of infants aged 27-31 weeks gestation. Methods GFR was measured on day 2, and then weekly for 1 month, ...
Mitterauer Bernhard J - - 2010
The hypothesis is based on glial-neuronal interactions in the cardio-respiratory centre of the brainstem. Recently, it has been experimentally verified that glial cells, especially astrocytes, exert a modulatory function in the maintenance of homeostasis in this brain region. In addition, astrocytes may also control the rhythms of heartbeat and breathing ...
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