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Results 301 - 350 of 631
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Oren Moshe - - 2010
Comment on: O'Prey J, et al. Cell Cycle 2010; 9:947-52.
Weiss Karin - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Infants who have experienced an apparent life-threatening event typically undergo an extensive evaluation to rule out serious underlying conditions. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the yield of different tests performed after an apparent life-threatening event and to identify high risk groups in which more extensive diagnostic tests are required. METHODS: A ...
Hales Sarah - - 2010
To determine whether modern medicine is facilitating 'good' deaths, appropriate measures of the quality of dying and death must be developed and utilized. The purpose of this paper is to identify quality of dying and death measurement tools and to determine their quality. MEDLINE (1950-2008), Healthstar (1966-2008), and CINAHL (1982-2008) ...
Giganti F - - 2010
Yawning is a behavior that begins in the first stages of life. It has not only been observed in infants and in newborns, but also in fetuses of 12-14 weeks' gestational age. Yawning frequency changes over the life span. In preterm infants, the number of yawns decreases between 31 and ...
Simpser Tamar - - 2010
This article explores the basic development and pathophysiology of the thyroid gland. New factors in the normal development of the thyroid in the neonate are mentioned. The incidence of congenital hypothyroidism continues to increase. We describe congenital hypothyroidism, its possible etiologies, treatment and outcomes. We explore hypothyroxinanemia in pre-term neonates ...
Kon Alexander A - - 2009
Despite advances in the care of infants, there remain many newborns whose medical conditions are incompatible with sustained life. At times, healthcare providers and parents may agree that prolonging life is not an appropriate goal of care, and they may redirect treatment to alleviate suffering. While pediatric palliative treatment protocols ...
Milei José - - 2010
We performed a morphological characterization of intimal thickenings in coronary arteries in the very early stages of life to obtain insights into initial coronary atherogenesis. We examined specimens from 67 infants who had died of noncardiac causes within their first year of life. Serially cut sections were stained with hematoxylin-eosin, ...
King Laura A - - 2009
That the scarcity of objects enhances their value is a widely known principle in the behavioral sciences. In addition, research has demonstrated that attaching high value to an object produces biased perceptions of its scarcity. Three studies applied this bidirectional link between scarcity and value to the meaning of death, ...
Faust Kirstin - - 2009
We report the case of a preterm male infant with a gestational age of 28 + 1 weeks and birth weight of 715 g who presented with life-threatening haematuria on day 28 of life. The haematuria was unresponsive to administration of platelet concentrates and fresh frozen plasma, but then successfully ...
Verhagen A A Eduard - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To clarify the practice of end-of-life decision making in severely ill newborns. DESIGN: Retrospective descriptive study with face-to-face interviews. SETTING: The 10 neonatal intensive care units in the Netherlands from October 2005 to September 2006. PATIENTS: All 367 newborn infants who died in the first 2 months of life ...
Sahu Sandeep - - 2009
A newborn infant with multiple congenital oral swellings can be a striking sight for both parents and healthcare professionals involved in neonatal care. Neumann first described congenital epulis of a newborn in 1871, hence it is also known as Neumann's tumor. Congenital epulis occurs at birth and has a predilection ...
Hegar Badriul - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: To determine the natural history of infant regurgitation during the first year of life. METHODS: Parents recorded prospectively the frequency of regurgitation for 1 week before consultation during the first year of life. A sub-group analysis according to the method of feeding was planned. RESULTS: A total of 130 ...
Schenck David P - - 2009
Spirituality and storytelling can be resources in aging successfully and in dying well given the constraints of modern day Western culture. This paper explores the relationship of aging to time and the dynamic process of the life course and discusses issues related to confronting mortality, including suffering, finitude, spirituality, and ...
Hsu Chiung-yin - - 2009
This article introduces the primary beliefs about ancestor worship, Taoism, Confucianism, Buddhism and traditional Chinese medicine that have influenced Chinese people for thousands of years, particularly in relation to death and dying. These cultures and traditions remain important for Chinese people wherever they live. Over a long period, Chinese people ...
Tanoshima Reo - - 2009
We report three cases of hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH) in infants within the first 6 weeks of life. Diagnosis of HLH was made early after symptoms started. All three cases were successfully treated with dexamethasone and none relapsed, indicating that not all cases of HLH in very young infants are familial.
Ho Kevin - - 2009
Laryngeal cleft, a rare congenital anomaly, may occur in association with other airway abnormalities. Despite the close proximity of embryologic development of the laryngotracheobronchial tree, bronchial abnormalities in association with laryngeal cleft have not been widely reported. We describe the left tracheal bronchus, an uncommon anomaly of the tracheobronchial tract, ...
Shetty B Suresh Kumar - - 2009
The livings have responsibilities for the dead; and in particular, civilized societies recognize the need for identity both during life and at death, particularly in circumstances when an unknown body is summoned for medico-legal autopsy. There are numerous tools for identification of an unknown body which includes visual identification, fingerprints, ...
Jotkowitz Alan - - 2008
The Groningen Protocol allows active euthanasia of severely ill newborns with unbearable suffering. Defenders of the protocol insist that the protocol refers to terminally ill infants and that quality of life should not be a factor in the decision to euthanize an infant. They also argue that there should be ...
Caropreso Fátima - - 2008
In this paper we re-examine the second instinctual dualism hypothesis introduced by Freud in Beyond the Pleasure Principle. We suggest that the life instinct hypothesis as something opposed to the death instinct does not seem to fit into this theory easily. On the other hand, death instinct turns out to ...
Houchmandzadeh B - - 2008
The spatial distribution of most species in ecosystems is nonuniform. New theories try to explain patterns observed at multiple scales in terms of neutral processes such as birth, death, and migration. We have devised an experimental, niche-free ecosystem where the amplitude of neutral patchiness can be precisely measured. Spatial distribution ...
Lebon Ankie - - 2008
Serial nasal swabs were collected at the ages of 1.5, 6, and 14 months from 443 infants in the Generation R Study. The objective was to study the dynamics and determinants of Staphylococcus aureus nasal carriage in the first year of life. The prevalence of S. aureus carriage decreased in ...
Smucker Thomas A - - 2008
Drought is a recurring challenge to the livelihoods of those living in Tharaka District, Kenya, situated in the semi-arid zone to the east of Mount Kenya, from the lowest slopes of the mountain to the banks of the Tana River. This part of Kenya has been marginal to the economic ...
Schenker Joseph G - - 2008
The Jewish religion is characterized by a strict association between faith and practical precept. Jewish law has two sections, the written and the oral tradition. The foundation of the written law and the origin of authority is the Torah, the first five books of the Scripture. It is an expression ...
Kang Hoon-Chul - - 2008
Startle disease or hyperekplexia (STHE; MIM 149400) is a rare disorder that is characterized by marked muscular hypertonia in infancy and an exaggerated startle response to unexpected acoustic or tactile stimuli. Mutations in the gene encoding the alpha-1 subunit of the inhibitory glycine receptor (GLRA1) were reported as causes of ...
Wilkins Russell R Health Information and Research Division at Statistics Canada, Ottawa, Ontario K1A 0T6. - - 2008
Because of a lack of Aboriginal identifiers on death registrations, standard data sources and methods cannot be used to estimate basic health indicators for Inuit in Canada. Instead, a geographic-based approach was used to estimate life expectancy for the entire population of Inuit-inhabited areas. The data are from the Canadian ...
Wada Haruka - - 2008
In adult vertebrates, glucocorticoids are thought to trigger transitions between life history stages within breeding cycles. This review explores possible roles of glucocorticoids as mediators for vertebrate ontogenetic transitions. Overall, glucocorticoids prepare organisms and trigger transitions into the subsequent life history stage. Across taxa, ability to secrete glucocorticoids appears to ...
Gomes Marleide da Mota Mda - - 2007
Dom João VI's death occurred in adverse political conditions that led to the regicide hypothesis. The main aim of this paper is to mention life style and conditions of the death of the king by means of narrative review based on primary and secondary sources. Dom João VI died in ...
Quan Hude - - 2007
To describe mortality, cause of death and life expectancy among Chinese (both immigrant and Canadian-born) and other Canadians in the Province of Alberta. A Chinese surname list was applied to the Alberta Health Insurance Plan and Vital Statistics Birth registry databases to define the Chinese population, and to the Vital ...
Skoulakis Charalampos - - 2008
Heinrich Schliemann was a German classical archaeologist who devoted his life to the historical reality of places mentioned in the epics of Homer and to the discovery of Troy, Mycenae, and other ancient Aegean cities. He was born in Germany in 1822 and died in Italy in 1890. During his ...
Camargo Carolina C - - 2007
Births were observed in two free-ranging groups of red-handed howlers (Alouatta belzebul) in eastern Brazilian Amazonia. Both events occurred in the early afternoon, and were relatively rapid and discrete. No other group members approached the females during parturition, nor attempted to interfere with the neonate in any way. Only one ...
Audebert F - - 2007
In order to confirm or refute the relay role of lagomorphs in the evolution of the Trichostrongylina (Nematoda), the following points were studied by summarizing previous works on the subject: the chronology of the life cycles (27 conducted in natural hosts, lagomorphs, ruminants or arvicolin rodents; 14 in experimental hosts); ...
Tyler K - - 2007
Our goal was to examine the relationship between early life trauma and the development of visceral hypersensitivity in later life in irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). Rat pups underwent neonatal conditioning: (i) paired odour-shock, where odour is a predictable shock signal, (ii) unpaired odour-shock, where odour is an unpredictable shock signal ...
Nagler Joshua - - 2007
Stridor is a common presentation to the pediatric emergency department. The differential diagnosis is broad and includes conditions that range from benign to immediately life threatening. The evaluation and management of pediatric patients with stridor can vary, depending on the likely diagnoses and the acuity of the presentation. We report ...
Verhagen A A Eduard - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Decisions regarding end-of-life care in critically ill newborns in The Netherlands have received considerable criticism from the media and from the public. This might be because of a lack of proper information and knowledge. Our purpose was to provide detailed information about how and when the implementation of end-of-life ...
van Kooten Tobias - - 2007
The majority of taxa grow significantly during life history, which often leads to individuals of the same species having different ecological roles, depending on their size or life stage. One aspect of life history that changes during ontogeny is mortality. When individual growth and development are resource dependent, changes in ...
Vrakking Astrid M - - 2007
AIM: We compared the results of two recent studies on end-of-life decisions (ELDs) for neonates and infants in Belgium (Flanders) and The Netherlands. METHODS: Questionnaires were sent to physicians who reported the death of a child under the age of 1 (Belgium: n = 292, response 87%; Netherlands: n = ...
Toso Marc A - - 2007
In Gregarina niphandrodes, an apicomplexan parasite, the sexual stage of its life cycle begins with the association of 2 gamonts. Here, we describe the ultrastructure of the syzygy junction and the nucleus during the transition from unassociated trophozoites to paired gamonts to gamonts in syzygy. Throughout this process, the folds ...
Glantz Michael H - - 2007
The thesis of this article is quite different from many other theses of papers, books, and articles on the Aral Sea. It is meant to purposely highlight the reality of the situation in Central Asia: the Aral Sea that was once a thriving body of water is no more. That ...
Miljeteig Ingrid - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: To examine if explicit written guidelines for withholding and withdrawing treatment for extremely premature infants exist and are used in obstetric and paediatric units in Norway, and to explore changes in attitudes and which factors are considered important when making decisions regarding life support. METHODS: Cross-sectional postal survey addressed ...
Mougi Akihiko - - 2007
Trade-offs between competitive ability and the other life-history traits are considered to be a major mechanism of competitive coexistence. Many theoretical studies have demonstrated the robustness of such a coexistence mechanism ecologically; however, it is unknown whether the coexistence is robust evolutionarily. Here, we report that evolution of life-history traits ...
Ulmer Bryan J - - 2007
Eurhinus magnificus Gyllenhal has been collected in south Florida, presumably introduced through trade with countries in its native range. Very little information has been published on the biology or taxonomy of this insect. We conducted studies to investigate various aspects of its life history and host plant associations. The pre-imaginal ...
Schulz-Baldes A - - 2007
AIM: To investigate the end-of-life practice in a large perinatal centre in Germany. METHODS: Retrospective chart review was performed in all neonates deceased in the delivery room (n = 31) and the neonatal intensive care unit (n = 47) between 2002 and 2004. RESULTS: Neonatal death was preceded by an ...
Evans James - - 2008
By concentrating on abortion, the culture wars have avoided facing a crisis about the end of life. This paper explores four themes: (1) the technological transformation of birth and death into matters of decision, not matters of fact; (2) abortion as the nexus of Eros (sex) with Thanatos (death); (3) ...
Claudius Ilene - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The goal was to identify criteria that would allow low-risk infants presenting with an apparent life-threatening event to be discharged safely from the emergency department. METHODS: We completed data forms prospectively on all previously healthy patients <12 months of age presenting to the emergency department of an urban tertiary ...
Wilson Tom - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To assess the extent of changes in life expectancy at birth for the Indigenous population of the Northern Territory (NT) over the period 1967-2004, and to determine which age-specific mortality rates were mostly responsible for such change. METHODS: Life expectancy at birth figures were obtained via life table calculations ...
Varela-Silva Maria Inês - - 2007
Nutritional transition, urbanization, and physical inactivity are primary factors responsible for the worldwide epidemic of overweight/obesity (OW/OB). However, these factors fail to explain the epidemic of OW/OB in developing countries and in recent-migrants to developed countries. Among these, OW/OB is associated with short/stunted stature and coexists with undernutrition at much ...
Kao Mu-Jung - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether latent myofascial trigger points (MTPs) can be identified in healthy infants and in healthy adult subjects. DESIGN: Blind comparison. SETTING: Ambulatory. PARTICIPANTS: A convenience sample of 60 healthy adults and 60 infants (age range, 0-12mo). INTERVENTIONS: Not applicable. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: An algometer was used to ...
Janhunen Pekka - - 2007
Several severe glaciations occurred during the Neoproterozoic eon, and especially near its end in the Cryogenian period (630-850 Ma). While the glacial periods themselves were probably related to the continental positions being appropriate for glaciation, the general coldness of the Neoproterozoic and Cryogenian as a whole lacks specific explanation. The ...
Kaposy Chris - - 2007
The philosophers Peter Singer and Jeff McMahan hold variations of the view that infant interests in continued life are suspect because infants lack the cognitive complexity to anticipate the future. Since infants cannot see themselves as having a future, Singer argues that the future cannot have value for them, and ...
Valentine Christine - - 2007
The "moment of death," once a dominant concept in preparing for a "good death", has been eclipsed by a focus on the wider concept of the "dying trajectory". However, findings from interviews with 25 bereaved individuals suggest that dying loved ones' final moments may still be experienced as highly significant ...
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