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Bradshaw Jessica J Counseling, Clinical, and School Psychology Department, Koegel Autism Center, Graduate School of Education, University of California, Santa Barbara, CA, USA, - - 2014
Early detection methods for autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in infancy are rapidly advancing, yet the development of interventions for infants under two years with or at-risk for ASD remains limited. In order to guide research and practice, this paper systematically reviewed studies investigating interventions for infants under 24 months with or at-risk ...
Lind Jennifer N - - 2014
Breastfeeding is a highly effective preventive measure a mother can take after birth to protect the health of her infant, as well as her own. Immunologic and antiinflammatory properties of breast milk protect against numerous illnesses and diseases in children. Benefits of breastfeeding for infants include a lower risk for ...
Gaffney Marcus - - 2014
Two to three infants per 1,000 live births are born deaf or hard of hearing. When left undetected, a hearing loss can delay a child's speech and language development. Approximately 40% of young adults with hearing loss identified during childhood reported experiencing at least one limitation in daily functioning. A ...
Duval Melanie M Division of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Department of Surgery and Pediatrics, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah, - - 2014
Cytomegalovirus (CMV) is an important cause of congenital sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL) that may represent up to 20% of nonsyndromic cases. Congenital CMV is an unrecognized cause of SNHL that all otolaryngologists should be aware of as it represents the only treatable cause of congenital SNHL. The current review highlights ...
Shin Dayeon D Department of Food Science and Human Nutrition, Michigan State University East Lansing, MI, - - 2014
Abstract Objective: We examined if prepregnancy body mass index (BMI) is a risk factor for gestational hypertension, gestational diabetes, preterm labor, and small-for-gestational-age (SGA) and large-for-gestational-age (LGA) infants with consideration of gestational weight gain, to document the importance of preconception vs. prenatal stage. Methods: We used the data of 219,868 ...
Andrews E J EJ Centre for Public Health Nutrition Research, Ninewells Hospital & Medical School, University of Dundee, Dundee, - - 2014
Inappropriate maternal and infant-feeding practices are known to have a major impact on morbidity in infancy, childhood and later life. Ring-fenced funding over 3 years from the Scottish Government to the National Health Service (NHS) in Scotland has allowed the development of a range of nutrition interventions for women of childbearing ...
Hindmarsh G G Australian Family & Disability Studies Research Collaboration, University of Sydney, Lidcombe, NSW, - - 2014
Few studies have utilised population-based data to examine the lives of families headed by parents with intellectual impairment. This study examined the health and social context of mothers with intellectual impairment compared with their peers without intellectual impairment, and the 9-month developmental outcomes of their infants. Secondary analysis of the ...
Mohammad Khitam K Maternal and Child Health and Midwifery Department, Faculty of Nursing, Jordan University of Science & Technology, Irbid, - - 2014
Prevention is important to reduce the prevalence of preterm births. Although prematurity has been well studied in developed countries, data from developing countries, such as Jordan, are still limited. This retrospective study analysed medical records to determine possible risk factors leading to preterm birth in the Irbid governorate of Jordan. ...
Tuthill Emily L EL a School of Nursing , University of Connecticut , Storrs , CT , - - 2014
Exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) has been identified as the optimal nutrition and critical behavior in attaining human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-free infant survival in resource-limited settings. Health-care providers (HCPs) in clinic- and community-settings throughout sub-Saharan Africa (sSA) provide infant-feeding counseling. However, rates of EBF at 6 months of age are suboptimal. HCPs ...
Cetinkaya Serife Esra SE Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology - - 2014
Abstract Objective: To investigate the association of perinatal risk factors including delivery mode with mortality in very low birthweight (VLBW) in a tertiary hospital setting. Methods: Medical records of 241 live-born VLBW infants (≤1500 g) were retrospectively reviewed. Details of maternal, obstetrical, perinatal risk factors and their associations with infant mortality ...
Krebs Nancy F - - 2014
Zinc deficiency is estimated to contribute to over half a million deaths per year in infants and children under 5 years of age. This paper reviews the features of mild-to-moderate zinc deficiency, which include growth faltering, deficits in immune function and altered integrity and function of the gastro-intestinal tract. Sub-clinical ...
Doyle Lex W LW Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, The Royal Women's Hospital and University of Melbourne, Parkville, Australia; Clinical Sciences, Murdoch Children's Research Center, Parkville, Australia. Electronic address: - - 2014
Infants at higher risk of bronchopulmonary dysplasia had increased rates of survival free of cerebral palsy after postnatal corticosteroid treatment in a previous metaregression of data from 14 randomized controlled trials. The relationship persists and is stronger in an updated analysis with data from 20 randomized controlled trials.
Bagley Sarah Mary - - 2014
Neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS) secondary to in-utero opioid exposure is an increasing problem. Variability in assessment and treatment of NAS has been attributed to the lack of high-quality evidence to guide management of exposed neonates. This systematic review examines available evidence for NAS assessment tools, nonpharmacologic interventions, and pharmacologic management ...
Quamruzzaman Amm A Department of Sociology & Institute for Health and Social Policy, McGill University, Montreal, QC, Canada. Electronic address: - - 2014
Robust evidence from low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) suggests that maternal education is associated with better child health outcomes. However, whether or not policies aimed at increasing access to education, including tuition-free education policies, contribute to lower infant and neonatal mortality has not been empirically tested. We joined country-level data ...
Walker Shawn S Maternal and Child Health Research Centre, City University London, London, - - 2014
We are concerned about the way Vlemmix et al represented the results of their study about the impact of increased rates of elective cesarean sections (ELCS) for breech presentation on neonatal outcomes (1). The authors identified a steady low rate of neonatal mortality associated with vaginal breech deliveries (VBD) in the ...
Gupta Neerja N Division of Genetics, Department of Pediatrics, AIIMS, New Delhi and *Division of Genetics, Maulana Azad Medical College, New Dehi, India. Correspondence to: Dr Neerja Gupta, Assistant Professor, Division of Genetics, Department of Pediatrics, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi 110 029, India. - - 2014
Early detection and prevention of birth defects is necessary to further reduce neonatal morbidity and mortality. A birth defect registry or surveillance system is necessary to assess the exact magnitude, profile and modifiable risk factors for birth defects. We review the existing efforts and suggest possible options for addressing this ...
Indumathi C K CK Department of Pediatrics, St. John's Medical College Hospital, Bangalore, India. Correspondence to: Dr CK Indumathi, Associate Professor, Department of Pediatrics, St John's Medical College Hospital, Sarjapur Road, Bangalore 560 034, Karnataka, India. - - 2014
To describe the clinical profile, immunological status and outcome of BCG disease in infants. All infants with a diagnosis of BCG disease in a period of 17 months were followed up. Among 25 infants with BCG disease; 19 had local/regional involvement and 6 had suspected or confirmed distant/disseminated disease, Mean ...
Turab Ali - - 2014
Worldwide, an estimated 2.9 million neonatal deaths occurred in 2012, accounting for 44% of all under-five deaths. In Pakistan, more than 200,000 newborns die annually and neonatal mortality rates are higher than in any other South Asian country and haven't changed over the last three decades. The high number of ...
Dinour Dganit D Department of Nephrology and Hypertension, The Chaim Sheba Medical Center, Tel-Hashomer, Ramat-Gan, 52621, Israel, - - 2014
Hypercalcemia is caused by many different conditions and may lead to severe complications. Loss-of-function mutations of CYP24A1, encoding vitamin D-24-hydroxylase, have recently been identified in idiopathic infantile hypercalcemia and in adult kidney stone disease. The aim of this study was to investigate the genetics and clinical features of both infantile ...
Lewandowski Adam J AJ Oxford Cardiovascular Clinical Research Facility, Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, Radcliffe Department of Medicine, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK; Faculty of Medicine, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Canada. Electronic address: - - 2014
Investigations into how perinatal growth and intrauterine environment may 'programme' risk of later cardiovascular disease have been ongoing for over two decades. One of the more recent outcomes of these studies is the observation that certain pregnancy-related conditions, such as preterm birth, have an unusually large impact on the long-term ...
Hughes Michelle M - - 2014
While seasonality of birth outcomes has been documented in a variety of settings, data from rural South Asia are lacking. We report a descriptive study of the seasonality of prematurity, low birth weight, small for gestational age, neonatal deaths, and stillbirths in the plains of Nepal. Using data collected prospectively ...
Chu Tracy T Brooklyn College, City University of New York, Brooklyn, NY, USA - - 2014
Objectives. In the United States, infant deaths due to sleep-related injuries have quadrupled over the past two decades. One of the major risk factors is the placement of an infant to sleep on a surface other than a crib or bassinet. This study examines contextual circumstances and knowledge and behaviors ...
Corchia Carlo - - 2014
The use of assisted conception (AC) has been associated with higher risk of adverse perinatal outcome. Few data are available on the outcome of AC-neonates when pregnancy ends before 32 weeks of gestational age.The aim of this study was to compare the short-term outcome of AC- and naturally conceived preterm ...
Gresham Ellie E From the Research Centre for Gender, Health and Ageing, School of Medicine and Public Health, Faculty of Health (EG, JEB, and AJH) and the Clinical Research Design Information Technology and Statistical Support Unit (AB), University of Newcastle, Callaghan, - - 2014
Nutrition plays a fundamental role in fetal growth and birth outcomes. We synthesized effects of dietary interventions before or during pregnancy on neonatal and infant outcomes. Randomized controlled trials that assessed the whole diet or dietary components and neonatal or infant outcomes were included. Two authors independently identified articles to ...
Zaritsky Joshua J JJ Department of Pediatrics, Nemours/A.I. duPont Hospital for Children, 1600 Rockland Road, Wilmington, DE 19803, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
An increased emphasis has been placed on the early identification of chronic kidney disease (CKD) in the neonatal population, given the long-term health consequences that can accompany this diagnosis. The definition of CKD in neonates and young infants differs from that of children older than 2 years and, if severe, treatment ...
Laubach Vickie V Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, Tripler Army Medical Center, 1 Jarrett White Road, MCHK-PE, Honolulu, HI 96859, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Attempting to mitigate operational and structural noise is important in improving the outcomes of high-risk preterm infants. It was anticipated that a culture change in nursing behaviors to include "Quiet Time" would result in reducing the noise levels towards the National Recommended Safe Sound Level. This culture change alone was ...
Carr Michael C MC Division of Urology, The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, 3rd Flr Wood Center, 34th Street & Civic Center Boulevard, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
The management of infants born with myelomeningocele depends on understanding how their bladder stores and empties urine. Storage at low pressure with effective emptying periodically throughout the day is the goal. Intervention is designed to impact on one or both of these processes so that infants can remain infection-free and ...
Scheans Patricia - - 2014
Maintaining high levels of readiness for neonatal resuscitation in low-risk maternity settings is challenging. The neonatal resuscitation program (NRP) algorithm is a community standard in the United States; yet training is biannual, and exposure to enough critical events to be proficient at timely implementation of the algorithm and the advanced ...
Cagle Kristi J - - 2014
A pneumomediastinum is an air leak in which the free air is concentrated in the mediastinum. Although most neonatal pneumomediastinums do not require intervention, complications such as subsequent air leaks can arise. Proper radiologic identification, as well as an understanding of the anatomy and pathophysiology associated with a pneumomediastinum, are ...
Abu-Shaheen Amani A King Fahad Medical City, Research Center , Riyadh , Saudi - - 2014
Objective: To determine the association of reported risk factors with hearing loss, and explore the possible contribution of other risk factors that may improve identifying Jordanian children for whom interventions should be provided. Design: A cross-sectional study was performed in 37 hospitals and mother-child clinics from different health sectors in ...
Sipola-Leppänen Marika M Departments of Chronic Disease Prevention, Diabetes Prevention Unit and Institute of Health Sciences, and Department of Pediatrics and Adolescence, - - 2014
Adolescents and adults born as small preterm infants show more pronounced risk factors of cardiovascular disease. Whether similar risks apply across all degrees of preterm birth is poorly known. We studied the association between preterm birth and cardiovascular risk factors in 6642 16-year-old adolescents of the population-based Northern Finland Birth ...
Owolabi H H Centre for Maternal and Newborn Health, Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, Liverpool, - - 2014
Maternal death review (MDR) is an accepted process that is implemented across Malawi and 'underlying cause of death' is assigned by healthcare providers using a standard MDR form. Mixed-methods approach. Key informant interviews with eight stakeholders involved in MDR. Secondary analysis of MDR forms for 54 maternal deaths. Comparison of ...
Stratulat P P Mother and Child Institute, Chisinau, Republic of - - 2014
The Beyond the Numbers project in Moldova implemented perinatal mortality audit as a means to improve maternity and newborn care. Key activities for this project included training in audit, the setting up of audit committees, implementation of the review of cases and dissemination of information. During the project, a significant ...
Robinson Joan J Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine & Dentistry, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada. - - 2014
Cochrane Review: Probiotics for prevention of necrotizing enterocolitis in preterm infants AlFaleh K, Anabrees J. Probiotics for prevention of necrotizing enterocolitis in preterm infants. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2014, Issue 4. Art. No.: CD005496. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD005496.pub4. This companion piece to the review, "Probiotics for prevention of necrotizing enterocolitis in ...
Lewis Mary L ML Dwight D. Eisenhower Army Medical Center, Fort Gordon, GA, - - 2014
Skin findings are common during the newborn examination. Although these findings are often benign, it is important to visualize the entire skin surface to distinguish these findings and appropriately reassure parents. The chest should be observed for symmetric movement, pectus excavatum, pectus carinatum, prominent xiphoid, or breast tissue. The infant ...
Seelbach-Goebel B B Hospital of the Merciful Brothers - St. Hedwig Clinic, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology of the University , of Regensburg, - - 2014
The rate of caesarean sections in multiple births has grown sharply worldwide. The reason for this may be the results of large retrospective cohort studies from the 1990s, which displayed an increased risk of mortality and morbidity, especially for the second twin, in the case of vaginal births. Multiple monocentric ...
Ghojazadeh Morteza M Women's Reproductive Health Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, - - 2014
Neonatal deaths account for 40% of deaths under the age of 5 years worldwide. Therefore, efforts to achieve the UN Millennium Development Goal 4 of reducing childhood mortality by two-thirds by 2015 are focused on reducing neonatal deaths in high-mortality countries. The aim of present study was to determine death ...
Mah Mungyeh E E Faculty of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, University of Yaounde I/Yaounde Gynaeco-Obstetric and Pediatric Hospital, - - 2014
The fourth Millennium Development Goals targets reduction of the mortality rate of under-fives by 2/3 by the year 2015. This reduction starts with that of neonatal mortality representing 40% of childhood mortality. In Cameroon neonatal mortality was 31% in 2011. We assessed the trends, associated factors and causes of neonatal ...
Lin Xiaofang X From the *Department of Maternal and Child Health, School of Public Health, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology; †Wuhan Centers For Disease Prevention & Control; and ‡Wuhan Medical Care Center for Women and Children, Wuhan, - - 2014
Despite effective immunoprophylaxis, vertical transmission of hepatitis B virus (HBV) from infected mothers still occurs. This study aimed to provide an estimate of the prevalence of immunoprophylaxis failure and evaluate associated risk factors. A hospital-based prospective study was conducted from June 1, 2008, to June 30, 2012. In this prospective ...
VanderEnde Kristin E KE Hubert Department of Global Health, Emory University, - - 2014
Intrapartum-related complications (previously called 'birth asphyxia') are a significant contributor to deaths of newborns in Bangladesh. This study describes some of the perceived signs, causes, and treatments for this condition as described by new mothers, female relatives, traditional birth attendants, and village doctors in three sites in Bangladesh. Informants were ...
Khalessi Nasrin N Department of Neonatology, Aliasghar Children Hospital, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. - - 2014
Intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH) is an important cause of brain injury in premature neonates. Current study tries to define associated risk factors of IVH in preterm neonates in Aliasghar Children Hospital during 2008 to 2011. In this study, the risk factors have been evaluated in premature neonates with IVH, who had ...
Berhan Yifru Y Hawassa University, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, Department of - - 2014
In several developing countries, achieving Millennium Development Goal 4 is still off track. Multiple maternal and fetal risk factors were inconsistently attributed to the high perinatal mortality in developing countries. However, there was no meta-analysis that assessed the pooled effect of these factors on perinatal mortality. The purpose of this ...
Bhatia Neera N Deakin University, Melbourne, VIC, Australia, - - 2014
This paper examines the few, but important legal and coronial cases concerning withdrawing or withholding life-sustaining treatment from severely disabled or critically impaired infants in Australia. Although sparse in number, the judgements should influence common clinical practices based on assessment of "best interests" but these have not yet been adopted. ...
Odoi Alexsandria A The Ritchie Centre, Monash Institute of Medical Research and Prince Henry's Institute and Monash University, Melbourne, - - 2014
Impaired arousal from sleep has been implicated in Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS). Sleeping in the prone position is a major risk factor for SIDS. Epidemiological studies have shown that pacifier use decreases the risk of SIDS, even when infants sleep prone. We examined spontaneous arousability in infants slept prone ...
Chhabra Divya - - 2014
Abstract Objective: The objective of this study was to compare the knowledge of mothers of newborns in a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) and well-baby nursery (WBN) regarding their understanding of term gestation, delivery mode safety, and elective late preterm delivery. Methods: Mothers of newborns admitted to either an NICU ...
Dassah Edward Tieru - - 2014
Data pertaining to risk factors associated with stillbirths and very low Apgar scores is very sparse. This study was conducted to determine the prevalence of, and examine the socio-demographic and obstetric factors associated with stillbirths and very low Apgar scores among vaginal births in a tertiary health facility, Ghana. A ...
March Melissa I MI Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology - - 2014
Abstract Objective: This study aimed to investigate the relationship between maternal hypertensive disease and other risk factors and the neonatal development of necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC). Methods: This was a retrospective case-control study of infants with NEC from 2008 to 2012. The primary exposure of interest was maternal hypertensive disease, which ...
He Qiqi Q Department of Urology, Key Laboratory of Disease of Urological Systems, Gansu Nepho-Urological Clinical Center, Second Hospital of Lanzhou University , Lanzhou, Gansu , China - - 2014
Abstract An epidemic of urinary tract stones was noted among infants in China, 2008. This event was believed to be associated with consumption melamine-contaminated powdered formula. The patients with symptoms and clinical manifests had already been analyzed in our previous studies. In this study, our aim is to investigate the ...
Göpel Wolfgang - - 2014
The mitochondrial m.1555A>G mutation is associated with a high rate of permanent hearing loss, if aminoglycosides are given. Preterm infants have an increased risk of permanent hearing loss and are frequently treated with aminoglycoside antibiotics. We genotyped preterm infants with a birth weight below 1500 grams who were prospectively enrolled ...
Callaghan Bridget L - - 2014
Early adversity increases the risk of nearly all mental health disorders. Although tractable animal models exist to probe the psychobiology of early adversity, the empirical research has focused largely on adult outcomes. In the current studies we examined how early exposure to the stress hormone corticosterone (CORT) affects the maturation ...
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