Search Results
Results 1 - 50 of 832
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Hentges Cláudia R CR Departaments of Pediatrics , Newborn Section, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul and Hospital de Clinicas de Porto Alegre,RS, - - 2014
Abstract Objective: To measure VEGF/PlGF heterodimer levels in preterm infants born to mothers with preeclampsia. Methods: Neonates with birth weight < 2000 g and gestational age ≤ 34 weeks were divided into two groups: born to mothers with PE and controls. Neonates transferred from outside after the 72nd hour of ...
Yalin Imamoglu Ebru E Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, Zeynep Kamil Maternity and Children's Training and Research Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey. Electronic address: - - 2014
To report the baseline plasma levels of vascular endothelial growth factor-A (VEGF-A), soluble vascular endothelial growth factor receptor-2 (sVEGFR-2) and soluble Tie2 in infants with treatment-requiring retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) and to investigate the effect of laser treatment on the plasma levels. Blood samples were collected from infants with prethreshold ...
Guellec Isabelle - - 2011
Objective: To determine whether mild and severe growth restriction at birth among preterm infants is associated with neonatal mortality and cerebral palsy and cognitive performance at 5 years of age and school performance at 8 years of age. Methods: All 2846 live births between 24 and 32 weeks' gestation from ...
McCrary Justin - - 2011
This paper uses age-at-school-entry policies to identify the effect of female education on fertility and infant health. We focus on sharp contrasts in schooling, fertility, and infant health between women born just before and after the school entry date. School entry policies affect female education and the quality of a ...
Sappenfield William M - - 2010
The perinatal periods of risk (PPOR) methods provide a framework and tools to guide large urban communities in investigating their feto-infant mortality problem. The PPOR methods have 11 defined steps divided into three analytic parts: (1) Analytic Preparation; (2) Phase 1 Analysis-identifying the opportunity gaps or populations and risk periods ...
Sappenfield William M - - 2010
The Perinatal Periods of Risk (PPOR) methods provide the necessary framework and tools for large urban communities to investigate feto-infant mortality problems. Adapted from the Periods of Risk model developed by Dr. Brian McCarthy, the six-stage PPOR approach includes epidemiologic methods to be used in conjunction with community planning processes. ...
Rosicova Katarina - - 2011
Exploring the associations of regional differences in infant mortality with selected socioeconomic indicators and ethnicity could offer important clues for designing public health policy measures. Data included perinatal and infant mortality in the 79 districts of the Slovak population in 2004. Linear regression was used to analyse the contribution of ...
Walker Suzan - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to assess the Adverse Outcome Index perinatal quality indicator system that was derived from administrative data. STUDY DESIGN: Adverse events were identified for 10 component measures; the Adverse Outcome Index was calculated by the National Perinatal Information Center from 42 months of administrative ...
Ma Li - - 2010
Population based epidemiologic study on the main diseases and birth status of liveborn neonates remains scarce in China, especially in rural areas where a large number of neonates are born. The aim of this study was to establish an epidemiological basis of live births in Julu County, a representative of ...
Pantou K - - 2010
An improvement in perinatal mortality is reported in various countries. This is a retrospective analysis of perinatal and neonatal mortality in Northwest (NW) Greece. Analysis was made of the births and deaths register in NW Greece and records of the regional referral tertiary care center and the National Hospitals at ...
Porter Emma J EJ Institute of Clinical Sciences, MRC Clinical Sciences Centre, Hammersmith Campus, Imperial College London, London, United - - 2010
Biomarkers are required for efficient trials of neuroprotective interventions after perinatal asphyxia. This study aimed to determine whether diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) analyzed by tract-based spatial statistics (TBSS) may be a suitable biomarker of disease and treatment effects after perinatal asphyxia in small groups of patients. We performed TBSS from ...
Pasupathy Dharmintra D Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, - - 2011
Advanced maternal age is associated with higher risks of intrapartum complications. However, the effect of maternal age on the risk of perinatal death due to these complications is unclear. The aim of the present study was to determine the association between maternal age and delivery-related perinatal death at term. In ...
Hirst Jane E - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To describe major epidemiologic and placental findings regarding stillbirth in Vietnam. METHODS: A cross-sectional study of all stillbirths in a tertiary referral facility in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam, was performed. Detailed examination of each infant, placental pathology, and semi-structured maternal interviews were conducted according to the Perinatal Society ...
Ross Joanna J Faculty of Medicine, Department of Psychiatry, Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa, - - 2011
(1) To investigate the impact of perinatal common mental disorders (CMD) in Ethiopia on the risk of key illnesses of early infancy: diarrhoea, fever and acute respiratory illnesses (ARI) and (2) to explore the potential mediating role of maternal health behaviours. Population-based cohort study. Demographic surveillance site in a predominantly ...
Ozyüncü Ozgür - - 2010
Fetal arterial and venous Doppler is a useful tool for the monitoring of growth restricted fetuses. Our aim in this study was to compare outcomes when fetuses were grouped according to the combinations of the Doppler results and also according to each vessel Doppler. Deliveries during the period 2002-2008 were ...
Rego Maria Albertina S - - 2010
To compare perinatal health indicators in a referral hospital in Belo Horizonte, Brazil. Perinatal results and indicators of single live births in Hospital das Clínicas of Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais (UFMG), Belo Horizonte, Brazil, were compared for two periods, 1995-1998 and 2003-2006. The chi-square test and Student's t test ...
Lee Hyun Ju - - 2010
Perinatal stroke in neonates can lead to disability in later life. However, its etiology and prognosis are poorly understood. The aim of this study was to describe clinical presentations and neurodevelopmental outcomes of our case series of perinatal stroke in Korea. Thirteen term and preterm neonates who were diagnosed with ...
Racape Judith - - 2010
The relation between immigration status and perinatal mortality is unclear. The objective of this study is to describe and measure inequalities in perinatal mortality and causes of perinatal deaths according to maternal nationality and socioeconomic status. A population-based cohort study related to all babies born during the period of 1998-2006 ...
Iroh Tam Pui-Ying - - 2010
Infant and pediatric cholelithiases are well-recognized conditions, thought to be predisposed to by several factors. Fetal cholelithiasis by comparison is a rare finding, and little is known about the natural history and clinical significance of echogenic foci in the fetal gallbladder. The occurrence of fetal gallstones has not been reported ...
Causey Tahnee N - - 2010
Despite significant advances in perinatal and neonatal medicine, infant mortality (IM) remains a significant public health problem. The causes of IM are complex, numerous, and a result of interacting genetic and environmental factors. This paper explores genetic contributions to IM using data from Virginia. Leading causes of IM in Virginia ...
Poudel Prakash - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the perinatal chracteristics and mortality pattern as well as to correlate mortality with perinatal characteristics in very low birth weight (VLBW) infants. METHODS: This was a retrospective study. Chi square tests, Fisher Exact tests, Log rank tests and Pearson correlation coefficient were used for analysis of different ...
Tan Geok Chin - - 2010
Our objectives were to determine the perinatal autopsy rate in a tertiary hospital in Malaysia and to quantify the value of the perinatal autopsy. All stillbirths, miscarriages, therapeutic abortions, and neonatal deaths between January 1, 2004, and August 31, 2009, were identified from the archives. The autopsy findings were compared ...
Wuttikonsammakit Piyawadee - - 2011
To assess etiology, perinatal mortality and associated factors of fetal cardiomegaly (FC). A retrospective study of fetuses with cardiomegaly was conducted. Demographic data, ultrasonographic findings, and outcomes were collected and analyzed. Ninety-three fetuses were analyzed. The causes of FC were cardiac causes 49.5%, Bart's hemoglobinopathies 28%, and non-Bart's anemia 15%. ...
Vasconcelos Rodney Paiva - - 2010
It was the aim of this study to evaluate differences in the prognosis of fetuses with absent (AED) and reverse end-diastolic (RED) flow in the umbilical artery based on neonatal outcomes. We performed a cross-sectional study based on the records of 143 patients attending at Assis Chateaubriand Teaching Maternity between ...
Ghazi Asifa - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To determine the feto-maternal factors contributing to perinatal mortality (PNM) in singleton gestation. STUDY DESIGN: Descriptive study. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: Gynae Unit-III, Civil Hospital, Karachi, from January to December 2002. METHODOLOGY: All obstetric patients with singleton pregnancy and gestation age greater than 24 weeks, regardless of age, ...
Al-Ani Zaid R - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the perinatal mortality rate (PMR) in Al-Ramadi city, Iraq, and study its associated causative factors following the 2003 Coalition Forces occupation of Iraq. METHODS: All the hospital stillbirth, and early neonatal death deliveries at the Al-Ramadi Maternity and Children's Hospital, Al-Anbar Governorate, western Iraq, from 15th June ...
Lu Jye Ru - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Stillbirths comprise two-thirds of all perinatal mortality. A classification system with low 'unexplained' stillbirth rates is important when developing prevention strategies. AIMS: This study aims to (i) determine whether the proportion of stillbirths classified as 'unexplained' is reduced, by using the relevant condition at death (ReCoDe) stillbirth classification system, ...
Kent Alison L - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Because of differences in reporting criteria throughout the world, comparing perinatal mortality rates and identifying areas of concern can be complicated and imprecise. AIMS: To detail the systematic approach to reporting perinatal deaths and to identify any significant differences in outcomes in the Australian Capital Territory (ACT). METHODS: Review ...
Abiodun O M - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: To determine the perinatal mortality rate among women who delivered through caesarean section in a tertiary health institution in Nigeria and evaluate how various social and obstetric factors influence the perinatal deaths. METHODS: A review of the clinical records of patients who had caesarean section associated with perinatal death ...
Okafor Ugochukwu Vincent - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: This study examined risk factors for perinatal mortality associated with anaesthesia for caesarean delivery in patients with pre-eclampsia/eclampsia. The study is apt because perinatal mortality rate is one of the indicators of health status of pregnant women, new mothers and their newborns. The information obtained may help to assess ...
Salameh K - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: This study was designed to analyze the trends and differences in perinatal and neonatal mortality rates in the State of Qatar over a period of 30 years (1977 to 2007), to examine the causes of neonatal deaths and compare them with some regional Gulf states and developed world countries. ...
Headley Elizabeth - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Twenty-eight per cent of stillbirths in Australia remain unexplained. A clinical practice guideline (CPG) produced by the Perinatal Society of Australia and New Zealand (PSANZ) Perinatal Mortality Special Interest Group is in use to assist clinicians in the investigation and audit of perinatal deaths. AIMS: To describe in a ...
Scifres Christina M - - 2009
We evaluated if maternal demographic and ultrasound parameters predict perinatal mortality in preterm intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR). Retrospective cohort study of preterm IUGR (delivery gestational age <35 weeks and birth weight <10th percentile for gestation). We excluded twins and fetuses with aneuploidy, intrauterine infection, or major congenital malformations. Information collected ...
Mbaruku Godfrey - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To audit intrapartum fetal and early neonatal deaths of infants weighing >or=2000 g in a regional hospital in western Tanzania. METHODS: The 3-delays methodology was applied to a cohort of perinatal deaths from July 2002 to July 2004. RESULTS: The overall perinatal mortality rate in the hospital was 38 ...
Ravelli A C J - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The European PERISTAT-1 study showed that, in 1999, perinatal mortality, especially fetal mortality, was substantially higher in The Netherlands than in other European countries. The aim of this study was to analyse the recent trend in Dutch perinatal mortality and the influence of risk factors. METHODS: A nationwide retrospective ...
Mo-suwan Ladda - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To determine the magnitude and investigate causes of perinatal deaths of a cohort of the Prospective Cohort Study of Thai Children. MATERIAL AND METHOD: A semi-structured verbal autopsy questionnaire and review of medical records were used to ascertain the causes of deaths during the perinatal period in four districts ...
de Jonge A - - 2009
Objective: To compare perinatal mortality and severe perinatal morbidity between planned home and planned hospital births, among low-risk women who started their labour in primary care. Design: A nationwide cohort study. Setting: The entire Netherlands. Population: A total of 529 688 low-risk women who were in primary midwife-led care at ...
Gordijn Sanne J - - 2009
Many classification systems for perinatal mortality are available, all with their own strengths and weaknesses: none of them has been universally accepted. We present a systematic multilayered approach for the analysis of perinatal mortality based on information related to the moment of death, the conditions associated with death and the ...
Massey Kiran A KA Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University of British Columbia, Vancouver BC; Centre for Advanced Health Research and Evaluation, University of British Columbia, Vancouver BC; BC Women's Hospital and Health Centre, Vancouver - - 2009
The Canadian Perinatal Network (CPN) was launched in 2005 as a national perinatal database project designed to identify best practices in maternity care. The inaugural project of CPN is focused on interventions that optimize maternal and perinatal outcomes in women with threatened preterm birth at 22+0 to 28+6 weeks' gestation. ...
Boo N Y - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: The neonatal resuscitation programme (NRP) published by the American Academy of Paediatrics and American Heart Association was launched in Malaysia in 1996. This study aimed to review the outcome of NRP in Malaysia during the first eight years. METHODS: Information on basic demographical data and training activities of NRP ...
Saracco P - - 2009
Newborns comprise the largest group of children developing thromoboembolic events (TE(S)), due to the peculiarities of their developmental hemostatic system. Moreover, in the sick newborn, especially preterm, numerous acquired perinatal and iatrogenic conditions might result in a disturbance between coagulation and fibrinolysis, leading to thrombus formation. Nevertheless, the contribution of ...
Hounton Sennen - - 2009
Reducing maternal and perinatal mortality in sub Saharan Africa remains challenging and requires effective and context specific interventions. The aims of this paper were to demonstrate the impact of the community mobilisation of the Skilled Care Initiative (SCI) in reducing maternal and perinatal mortality and to describe the concept and ...
Kidanto Hussein L - - 2009
Perinatal death is a devastating experience for the mother and of concern in clinical practice. Regular perinatal audit may identify suboptimal care related to perinatal deaths and thus appropriate measures for its reduction. The aim of this study was to perform a qualitative perinatal audit of intrapartum and early neonatal ...
Freemantle Nick - - 2009
To identify predictors of perinatal and infant mortality variations between primary care trusts (PCTs) and identify outlier trusts where outcomes were worse than expected. Prognostic multivariable mixed models attempting to explain observed variability between PCTs in perinatal and infant mortality. We used these predictive models to identify PCTs with higher ...
Vivante Asaf - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Over the last two decades, the epidemiology, treatment strategy and mortality rate for congenital diaphragmatic hernia have changed. OBJECTIVES: To retrospectively analyze our experience with CDH of the last 22 years. METHODS: We reviewed the charts of all infants suffering from CDH between 1985 and 2007. Prenatal and maternal ...
Mu Shu-Chi - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Neonates with a single umbilical artery (SUA) are considered at increased risk for chromosomal and structural abnormalities, and an increased adverse perinatal outcome. OBJECTIVE: The specific aims of our study were to evaluate (1) the association of asymptomatic infants with isolated SUA and perinatal outcomes and (2) whether asymptomatic ...
Vink Joy - - 2009
Oligohydramnios is related to adverse perinatal outcomes particularly when associated with fetal growth restriction. The purpose of this study was to delineate predictors of adverse perinatal outcomes in cases of preterm idiopathic oligohydramnios associated with appropriate-for-gestational-age (AGA) fetal biometry. A database of preterm AGA fetuses (< 37 weeks) presenting for ...
Benders Manon J N L - - 2008
In term infants there has been an increasing awareness of stroke as part of the differential diagnosis of neonatal seizures and other neurological symptoms. The etiological factors responsible for perinatal cerebral infarction, the clinical presentation, and long-term consequences are diverse. Most perinatal arterial ischemic stroke studies looking at maternal, perinatal, ...
de Medeiros Andréa Paula Peneluppi - - 2009
Ambient levels of air pollution may affect the health of children, as indicated by studies of infant and perinatal mortality. Scientific evidence has also correlated low birth weight and preterm birth, which are important determinants of perinatal death, with air pollution. However, most of these studies used ambient concentrations measured ...
Anda Erik Eik - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: To describe the essential features of the newly established Murmansk County Birth Registry (MCBR); make some preliminary comparisons of selected variables related to pregnancy and delivery in northern counties of the Nordic countries and in cities and towns of Murmansk County [Murmanskaja Oblast (MO)] and explore some research possibilities. ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >