Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 832
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Jonas H A - - 1997
We have examined the trends in stillbirth rates and neonatal mortality rates of infants of 20-31 weeks' gestational born in Victoria during 1986-1993 (n = 6,462), using data from the Victorian Perinatal Data Collection Unit. Seventy four percent of all infants and 83% of all liveborn infants were born in ...
Dooley S L - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: To identify (1) those elements in the infrastructure of a regionalized perinatal network that have independent effects on the variation in perinatal mortality among nontertiary units (member level I and II hospitals) and (2) shortcomings, if any, in a traditional perinatal data base that impede quality assessment of contemporary ...
Herman A A - - 1997
In this paper we describe the methods used to link birth and infant mortality and morbidity surveillance data sets into sibships using deterministic or multistage probabilistic linkage methods. We describe nine linked data sets: four in the United States (Georgia, Missouri, Utah and Washington State), and four elsewhere (Scotland, Norway, ...
Wen S W - - 1997
This study examined the quality of data for delivering mothers and their newborns (April 1, 1984 to March 31, 1995) recorded by the Canadian Institute for Health Information (CIHI). The number of illogical and out-of-range values in the CIHI data were quite few; the occurrence of maternal and infant diseases ...
Mazor M - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the clinical significance of polyhydramnios as a predictor of perinatal death and intrapartum morbidity in patients with preterm delivery. STUDY DESIGN: The study population consisted of 4211 patients with singleton gestation, intact membranes and preterm delivery (< 37 weeks). Two groups were identified and compared according to ...
- - 1996
OBJECTIVE: To document the outcome of planned and unplanned births outside hospital. DESIGN: Confidential review of every pregnancy ending in stillbirth or neonatal death in which plans had been made for home delivery, irrespective of where delivery eventually occurred. The review was part of a sustained collaborative survey of all ...
Landgren O - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: To study whether differences in delivery outcome correlated with pollution levels in the municipalities of a county in southern Sweden (Malmöhus). METHODS: The effects of air and ground pollution on delivery outcome were studied in 38,718 women who lived, and were delivered, in Malmöhus county in southern Sweden during ...
Hancock R D - - 1996
Hypothermia and dystocia were found to be the most common causes of perinatal mortality in 8 commercial wool flocks in one region of southern Brazil. It was established that low birth weight and poor maternal instinct in the ewes predisposed to losses due to hypothermia but that there appeared to ...
Isenberg S J - - 1996
PURPOSE: To evaluate the normal B-scan ocular ultrasonographic findings in preterm and term newborns. This information would be useful in making perinatal ocular diagnoses, especially in consideration of the rapidly changing eyes of normal infants shortly after birth. METHODS: One hundred two healthy infants aged 28 to 48 weeks postconception ...
Langhoff-Roos J - - 1996
BACKGROUND: Since 1950 the perinatal mortality has been significantly higher in Denmark than in Sweden. In 1991 the rate in Denmark was 8.0/1000 deliveries compared to 6.5/1000 in Sweden. An international audit was designed to investigate whether the perinatal death rates in the two countries to some extent could reflect ...
Hunfeld J A - - 1996
13 couples who lost an infant due to a major congenital anomaly were assessed using the Perinatal Grief Scale. Contrary to the research findings of generally less intensity of grief in men, couples did not differ significantly in this respect one-half year after the loss of their infant. On the ...
Friedman F F - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: To compare perinatal outcome after embryo transfer vs. standard in vitro fertilization (IVF) in ovum recipients. STUDY DESIGN: We reviewed 22 consecutive ovum donor pregnancies delivered at Mount Sinai Hospital between July 1989 and November 1992 and matched them for age, parity and order of gestation to a control ...
van Hoeven K H - - 1996
The purpose of this study was to determine the importance of varying histologic stages of inflammation in the placental membranes and cord. Acute inflammation was histologically staged in fetal membranes and umbilical cord sections from 2899 placentas received from consecutive singleton deliveries. Then clinical data were collected for a subset ...
Maeda K - - 1996
Perinatal mortality was estimated by the regression equation log10 Y = 0.7826log10X + 0.08, obtained by perinatal mortality (Y) and maternal mortality (X) in Japan in 1960-1990. The error rate was approximately 9% in the estimation. Unpublished Japanese perinatal mortality in 1899-1947 was estimated from maternal mortality by using the ...
Albrecht J L - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: Our purpose was to determine the contemporary maternal and neonatal outcome of triplet gestations. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective review of 57 triplet deliveries between April 1, 1989, and July 31, 1994, was performed. RESULTS: The mean gestational age at delivery was 33.0 +/- 2.7 weeks, and the mean birth ...
Isenberg S J - - 1996
BACKGROUND: Ophthalmia neonatorum still blinds approximately 10,000 babies annually worldwide. Identification of contributory maternal perinatal factors could possibly predict which babies are at greater risk for this disease. METHODS: In a randomized prospective study of ophthalmia neonatorum in Kenya, we studied the effect of prophylaxis with povidone-iodine, silver nitrate, and ...
Kumar M R - - 1996
A comparative study of perinatal mortality patterns over a period was conducted at a teaching hospital of South India. Among the 6,048 babies born from January 1984 to December 1985 (Group A), there were 265 (43.8/1000) still births and 127 (22.0/1000) early neonatal deaths. Three hundred and thirty seven (41/1000) ...
Shankaran S - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: To identify prenatal and perinatal risk and protective factors for grade III and IV intracranial hemorrhage (ICH) in 4795 singleton infants (weight, < or = 1500 g). METHOD: Prenatal and perinatal risk and protective factors for ICH were examined initially by univariate analysis and adjusted for year of birth, ...
Kuvacic I - - 1996
BACKGROUND: In order to test the hypothesis of possible influence of environmental stress on the length of gestation the data on deliveries in the Maternity Unit, Zagreb University School of Medicine in three six months periods; May-October 1991 (active war in Croatia), May-October 1990 (pre-war period), and the same period ...
Makhseed M - - 1996
To analyse the pre- and post-Gulf War changes in the outcome of pregnancy and to explore the possible causes that could have affected these changes, a retrospective analysis of medical records of patients delivering in Maternity Hospital Kuwait (MHK) was carried out for the period 1987-89 (pre-Gulf-War) and 1992 (post-Gulf ...
Adami J - - 1996
This nested case-control study based on 1.7 million live births in Sweden explores the associations between maternal and perinatal factors and the occurrence of childhood non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL). The National Swedish Cancer Registry ascertained 168 cases in successive birth cohorts from 1973 through 1989 recorded in the Swedish Medical Birth ...
Rasmussen S - - 1996
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To study national secular trends in Norway of perinatal mortality and case fatality to placental abruption (PA) and associations with cesarean section (CS). DESIGN: A population based cohort study. SETTING: The Medical Birth Registry of Norway. PATIENTS: 9,592 cases of placental abruption (PA) of a total of 1,446,154 ...
Adair C D - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the perinatal morbidity and mortality of fetuses diagnosed with gastroschisis at our Fetal Diagnosis and Treatment Center. METHODS: A retrospective review of a regional prenatal diagnostic center. Twenty-nine cases of gastroschisis which were diagnosed, managed, delivered and had corrective surgeries through the Fetal Diagnosis and Treatment Center ...
McDermott J M - - 1996
Perinatal deaths (fetal or infant deaths from the 28th week of pregnancy up to the seventh day after birth) occur as a result of adverse conditions during pregnancy, labor, and delivery, or in the first few days of life. Placental malaria infection is known to increase the risk of delivery ...
Kapoor R K - - 1996
OBJECTIVES: To determine the perinatal mortality rate (PNMR) in the urban slums of Lucknow DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey. SETTING: Twenty five Anganwadi centres of urban Lucknow, with a population of 25,901. METHODS: Data was collected on birth and early neonatal deaths, gestational age of the neonate (determined at birth) and maternal ...
Fikree F F - - 1996
A demographic survey was used to estimate the level and determinants of perinatal mortality in eight lower socio-economic squatter settlements of Karachi, Pakistan. The perinatal mortality rate was 54.1 per 1000 births, with a stillbirth to early neonatal mortality ratio of 1:1. About 65% of neonatal deaths occurred in the ...
Gupta K B - - 1996
Perinatal outcome and the factors affecting it were studied in 140 pregnant women with hypertension. Perinatal mortality rate (PNM) was 140/1000 and the stillbirth rate was 8.7%. In severe hypertension PNM was 52.3% and all perinatal deaths were 8.7%, when the serum uric acid level were more than 4.5 mg%.
Kirby R S - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: Patterns of perinatal mortality in a state with no organized system or guidelines for regionalized perinatal health care were examined. STUDY DESIGN: Vital statistics on live births, fetal deaths, and neonatal deaths in Arkansas for 1985 through 1989 were analyzed by birth hospital level of obstetric care, birth weight, ...
Amar H S - - 1996
A one year prospective study of perinatal deaths was conducted to test the feasibility of using the Wigglesworth pathophysiological classification in the Malaysian health service. Four regions with high perinatal mortality rates were selected. Deaths were actively identified. Nursing staff were trained to use the classification and every death was ...
Vujani? G M - - 1995
AIM: To investigate the quality of perinatal and infant necropsies and assess the relation between the quality and value of this investigation in different outcome groups. METHODS: Cohort analysis of 540 deaths during 1993 of babies between 20 weeks' gestation and one year of age born to women usually resident ...
Newlands M - - 1995
The objective of this study was to identify adverse social and medical factors contributory to post-perinatal deaths and at which stage of the case study each factor was found. The sources of information assessed were: (i) recorded data from case notes, laboratory and postmortem findings, and (ii) created information from ...
Martín-Ancel A - - 1995
OBJECTIVES: (1) To evaluate the frequency and spectrum of severity of multisystem dysfunction after perinatal asphyxia and (2) to analyze the relationship between the clinical and biochemical markers of perinatal asphyxia and multiorgan involvement. STUDY DESIGN: Seventy-two consecutive term newborn infants with perinatal asphyxia were studied prospectively. Systematic neurologic, renal, ...
Lumey L H - - 1995
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To consider the association between biological and social risk factors and perinatal mortality in an ethnically mixed population in Amsterdam, The Netherlands. DESIGN: This was a matched case-control study. Cases included all registered stillborn infants and all registered liveborn infants who died within seven days of birth. Controls ...
Roder D - - 1995
OBJECTIVE: To assess changes in perinatal mortality and risk factors for births to Aboriginal mothers in South Australia in 1981-92. METHODOLOGY: All 4013 singleton Aboriginal births in the South Australian perinatal data collection were included. Trends in proportions with specific maternal and infant characteristics, and perinatal mortality by year of ...
Pradeep M - - 1995
A total of 5082 consecutive deliveries in Medical College Hospital, Kottayam during the period August 1992 to July 1993 constituted the study. Perinatal mortality rate (PMR) was 38.5 per 1000 total births and autopsy rate was 72%. More than 85% of perinatal deaths occured in low birth weight and preterm ...
Coory M - - 1995
The babies of Australian Aboriginal mothers have higher overall perinatal mortality rates than the babies of Caucasian mothers. They are also more likely to be preterm and of low birth weight. This study used Poisson regression models to adjust the perinatal mortality rates for differences in the gestational age and ...
Menticoglou S M - - 1995
OBJECTIVE: The second stage of labor has been thought of as a time of particular asphyxial risk for the fetus. This perceived risk has been invoked to justify arbitrary time limits and high rates of operative vaginal delivery. The purpose of this study was to determine whether perinatal outcome worsened ...
Dunston-Boone G - - 1995
This was a retrospective study of acoustic stimulation response and perinatal outcome of 688 fetuses undergoing nonstress testing. Acoustic stimulation was performed within 7 days of delivery, and responses were classified based on the presence of an acceleration, deceleration, or both. Responses were correlated with perinatal outcome. Abnormal outcome was ...
Bader D - - 1995
The diagnosis and evaluation of perinatal asphyxia can be problematic and objective means of assessing its severity are lacking. To study the validity of urinary uric acid as a marker of the degree of perinatal asphyxia, the ratio of urinary uric acid to creatinine (UA/Cr) in urine specimens obtained after ...
Cartlidge P H - - 1995
The perinatal mortality rate is widely used as a summary statistic for evaluating the effectiveness of perinatal care. Since October, 1992, it has been a legal requirement in England and Wales to register fetal deaths at 24-27 completed weeks of gestation as stillbirths (in addition to those after 28 weeks), ...
Papiernik E - - 1995
This paper reviews published data on the organization and evaluation of regionalized perinatal care programs in countries where they exist and describes those elements presently lacking in France. The advantage of maternal compared to neonatal transport is described vis-85-vis its effect on perinatal deaths as well as neonatal and developmental ...
Goldman G A - - 1995
Grandmultiparity (GMP) has long been considered an obstetric complication for both mother and fetus, although recent studies indicate that, with proper perinatal care, women with high-parity rates are no longer at high risk. The current study examines the outcome of delivery in 1700 women in their fifth or more delivery, ...
Ramin K D - - 1995
OBJECTIVE: Our purpose was to determine the cause and describe the natural history of acute pancreatitis complicating pregnancy and its effect on maternal and perinatal outcomes. STUDY DESIGN: Over the last decade we admitted 43 pregnant women with acute pancreatitis to our hospital. We reviewed presentation, diagnosis, management, and maternal ...
Mekbib T A - - 1995
In a three year period (September 1989 to August 1992), among 7,170 consecutive deliveries at Yekatit 12 Hospital, Addis Abeba, Ethiopia, there were 291 singleton breech deliveries with a 4% incidence rate at a gestational age of 28 weeks and above. In 28% and 57% of the infants, weight was ...
Louhiala P - - 1995
The object of this case-control study was to investigate and analyse perinatal risk indicators of mental retardation. Data concerning 33 perinatal factors possibly related to mental retardation were collected retrospectively for the population of an area in Finland. The subjects were 339 cases born between 1967 and 1981 with mental ...
Andersson R - - 1995
Lack of information on the date of the last menstrual period is a common problem in antenatal care in developing countries. The aim of this study was to see whether the fundal height can be used as a proxy for the length of gestation. A graph representing the expected remaining ...
Raman N V - - 1995
OBJECTIVE: To examine the efficacy of magnesium sulfate (MgSO4) as an anticonvulsant in eclampsia and imminent eclampsia. METHODS: Case records of 562 consecutive patients with eclampsia and 174 with imminent eclampsia treated at the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Hyderabad, India, during the 3-year period from January 1987 to December ...
Olsen S F - - 1995
OBJECTIVE: To highlight the causes of perinatal mortality in the Faroe Islands where perimortality is high according to Nordic standards. DESIGN: Two systems were employed to classify perinatal deaths on the basis of clinico-pathological findings, one focusing on obstetrical factors and the other on fetal-neonatal factors. SETTING: Faroe Islands. Data ...
Khong T Y - - 1995
OBJECTIVE: To determine perinatal autopsy rates and whether any maternal or obstetric factors affect consent for autopsy. DESIGN: Ascertainment of perinatal autopsy rates between 1990 and 1993 for three categories of perinatal deaths: termination of pregnancy for antenatally diagnosed anomalies; fetal deaths and still-births; and neonatal and post-neonatal deaths. A ...
Louw H H HH Nursing, Hospital and Health Service Branch, Cape Provincial - - 1995
To determine the number of deliveries, the low-birth-weight rate and the perinatal mortality rate at provincial and province-aided hospitals and clinics in each planning region of the Cape Province. A record of the number of deliveries, low-birth-weight infants, stillbirths and early neonatal deaths in provincial and province-aided hospitals and clinics ...
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