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Results 301 - 350 of 832
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Langhoff-Roos J - - 1998
OBJECTIVES: To analyse which subgroups of perinatal deaths contribute most to the perinatal mortality rate in Lithuania compared with Denmark/Sweden. DESIGN: Comparison of all perinatal deaths in Denmark/Sweden 1991 and Lithuania 1993-1994 by the common Nordic-Baltic perinatal death classification, based on information from the medical records. RESULTS: The doubled perinatal ...
Albrechtsen S - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: To compare perinatal mortality in breech presentation delivered vaginally and by cesarean in individual births and in sibships. METHODS: A national, population registry-based study, 1967-1994, was conducted, with maternal record linkage of sibships, comprising the first to the third birth of a mother. The main outcome was perinatal mortality. ...
Forssas E - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: To examine the extent to which the decline in perinatal mortality is attributable to some subgroups, especially to certain birthweight or gestation groups. STUDY DESIGN: A register study using the Finnish Medical Birth Register for years 1987 to 1994. RESULTS: Of the overall reduction in perinatal mortality from 8.8 ...
Schild R L - - 1998
A non-related couple with two independent protein S and a protein C mutation had two of their three children suffering from severe thrombosis resulting in neonatal death of the firstborn. With prenatal testing an accurate prediction of phenotype was possible for the second child but the third infant was more ...
Mazor M - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence and clinical significance of meconium stained amniotic fluid (MSAF) in women with preterm delivery. STUDY DESIGN: The study population consisted of consecutive patients who arrived with intact membranes and delivered preterm, singleton neonates at the Soroka Medical Center between 1 January 1985 and 31 December ...
Hussain R - - 1998
Close consanguineous unions continue to be extremely common in much of West Asia, including Pakistan. However, the impact of inbreeding on offspring mortality, particularly perinatal mortality, remains poorly documented. This paper attempts to measure the mortality risks associated with consanguinity and inbreeding while controlling for the effects of other potential ...
Chandrashekar S - - 1998
Perinatal mortality is one of the most sensitive indices of maternal and child health. The perinatal mortality rate is an indicator of the extent of pregnancy wastage as well as of the quality and quantity of health care available to the mother and the newborn. A community based prospective study ...
Bastian H - - 1998
To assess the risk of perinatal death in planned home births in Australia. Comparison of data on planned home births during 1985-90, notified to Homebirth Australia, with national data on perinatal deaths and outcomes of home births internationally. 50 perinatal deaths occurred in 7002 planned home births in Australia during ...
Phelan S T - - 1998
OBJECTIVES: This study examined changes in the reporting of very low-birthweight infants in Alabama from 1974 to 1994 and the impact on perinatal mortality rates. METHODS: Linked live birth, neonatal death, and stillbirth records of infants born weighing less than 1500 g were compared. RESULTS: The changes in mortality over ...
Doyle L W - - 1998
There is little doubt that very preterm infants <30 weeks' gestation should be born in level-3 perinatal centres. For preterm infants 30-36 weeks' gestation, however, the optimum place of birth is not so clear-cut. The aims of this study of livebirths 30-36 weeks' gestational age born in Victoria were to ...
Chisholm C A CA Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of North Carolina School of Medicine, Chapel Hill, - - 1998
Sacrococcygeal teratoma is the most common fetal neoplasm, with an incidence of 1 in 40,000 births. Fetuses with this malformation are at risk for significant perinatal morbidity and mortality. We identified nine fetuses with sacrococcygeal teratomas that were diagnosed antenatally and managed at the University of North Carolina Hospitals over ...
Ratrisawadi V - - 1998
The study on perinatal mortality, neonatal mortality and weight specific death rate of neonatal infants born at Rajavithi Hospital in 1996 was carried out and compared with the rates of 1976 and 1986. It was found that in 1996 the total number of births was 15613 with 106 stillbirths. The ...
Truffert P - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: Prenatal events are thought to play an important role in long-term handicap, but the specific role of perinatal factors remains controversial. Our study, conducted in the context of this debate, aimed to break down the various components of perinatal management and to assess the relationship between these components and ...
Martuzzi M - - 1998
Although the international and regional variability of perinatal mortality rates have been widely studied, less is known about the variability at the small-area level. The geographical distribution of perinatal mortality in the former North-West Thames Health Region, England, during 1981-90, and its association with small-area socio-economic factors, as measured by ...
Jessa E O - - 1998
This is a retrospective study with the aim of revisiting twin pregnancy-a common obstetric problem-to determine if there are reductions in the incidence of very low birth weight babies, delivery problems and perinatal deaths. Three hundred and eight consecutive twin gestations were delivered at the hospital and an incidence of ...
Mikulska M - - 1998
The aim of the study was to analyze retrospectively the perinatal mortality of newborn babies with low body weight and the causes of their deaths in the years 1985-1995. A gradual significant increase in the perinatal mortality rate from 11.9 to 24.0 per thousand (per mille) was observed during this ...
Holterman A X - - 1998
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: The antenatal diagnosis of sacrococcygeal teratoma (SCT) is increasingly being made with fetal sonography. However, the natural history of SCT detected on routine obstetric sonogram is not well defined. METHODS: A retrospective chart review of 21 fetal SCT diagnosed on routine sonography at Hospital Sainte-Justine between 1980 and 1997 ...
Sakamoto S - - 1998
To review the 30-year history of perinatal medical care in Japan, and the recently initiated regionalization system of perinatal centers, new technologies and treatments in obstetric and neonatal medicine developed in Japan. STATISTICAL DATA: Maternal and neonatal health statistics of Japan released by the Ministry of Health and Welfare, Japanese ...
Bittar Z - - 1998
3367 consecutive births were reviewed prospectively. Population belongs mainly to a community with relatively underprivileged living conditions. Perinatal mortality was found at a rate of 22.4/1000 B. Early neonatal mortality formed 6.66/1000 B and stillbirth formed 15.83/1000 B. Low birth weight rate was 5.43% of live birth. Analysis of our ...
Dunger D B - - 1998
Size at birth is an important determinant of perinatal survival and has also been associated with the risk for cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes in adult life. Common genetic variation that regulates fetal growth could therefore influence perinatal survival and predispose to the development of adult disease. We have ...
Conde-Agudelo A - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: To measure the incidence of eclampsia, its maternal and perinatal outcomes and patterns of presentation of this disease in our environment. METHOD: Retrospective descriptive study of 164 cases of eclampsia managed at the Hospital Universitario del Valle, Cali, Colombia from September 1993 to August 1995. Information was collected from ...
Sabatino G - - 1998
BACKGROUND: Cardiogenic shock is an acute "unstable" state of circulatory dysfunction. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the haemodynamic aspects of 45 newborn infants affected by cardiogenic shock, in relation to etiologies and the mortality rate. DESIGN: Retrospective, correlation study of etiologies, mortality rate and haemodynamic measurements by Doppler ultrasound parameters. PATIENTS: 45 ...
Xu B - - 1998
Although a developing country, China has a lower occurrence of low birth weight (LBW) than many developed countries. This study of two population-based one-year birth cohorts, from Finland in 1985-86 and China in 1992, shows the occurrence of low birth weight (LBW) (1000- < 2500 g) among singletons to be ...
Ndiweni Q Q Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Baragwanath - - 1998
To compare perinatal outcome between booked and unbooked mothers of similar gestational age using birth weight as a proxy for gestational age. 91 unbooked mothers were obtained from a pool of 2,054 mothers from the Chiawelo district in Soweto delivered consecutively at the local community clinic or at Baragwanath, the ...
Wessel H - - 1998
Risk factors for perinatal death in the Cape Verde islands were assessed among 104 bereaved mothers and 292 mothers of surviving infants in an area-based case-control study in 1992-93. Prospectively gathered information on risk factors was obtained from medical records supplemented with post-partum interviews and anthropometric measurements of mothers and ...
Neuman M I - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: This paper presents the cases of two infants exposed to perinatal zidovudine in whom hypoperistalsis and intestinal pseudoobstruction developed. STUDY DESIGN: Clinical case reports were prepared of two infants born to women infected with human immunodeficiency virus who were treated with perinatal zidovudine at a single inner-city medical school. ...
Yeast J D - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: Our goal was to study changing patterns of low-birth-weight outcome over the past decade as deregionalized perinatal care has occurred. STUDY DESIGN: Live births and neonatal mortality for two 5-year periods (1982 to 1986 vs 1990 to 1994) were calculated by hospital of delivery in the state of Missouri. ...
Akalin M Z - - 1997
In recent years, the perinatal mortality rate (PNMR) has been proposed as a proxy measure of maternal mortality, because perinatal deaths are more frequent and potentially more easily measured. This report assesses evidence for an association between these two statistics. This study, based upon data from Matlab, Bangladesh, shows that ...
Kramer W B - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: To record the effect of aggressive perinatal management on neonatal outcome in the very premature infant. METHODS: A retrospective chart review of 114 infants born between 23 and 27 weeks' gestation, managed by one perinatal transport service at one hospital between July 1989 and December 1993. Fetuses > 23 ...
Lao T T - - 1997
A retrospective review was performed on the obstetric outcome of teenage pregnancies delivered in 1 year in a tertiary centre. The results were compared with the rest of the obstetric population in the same hospital in the same year. The teenage mothers (n = 194) had increased incidence of sexually ...
Scheideberg D - - 1997
Despite technological and medical advances in maternal-fetal care, poor perinatal outcomes continue to perplex scientists and health care providers. Past programs have had limited success but set the stage for comprehensive and multidisciplinary approaches that exhibit promise for high-risk perinatal populations. Community-based comprehensive perinatal case management is one approach which ...
Berenson A B - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether pregnant adolescents < or = 15 years of age developed more perinatal complications than older adolescents or adult women. STUDY DESIGN: We conducted a study of 147 nulliparous adolescents < or = 15 years of age who initiated prenatal care at the University of Texas Medical ...
Senturia K D - - 1997
Albania has undergone extreme social and political changes during the past five years. Conditions regarding women's work and its effect on reproductive health have been unknown. During the 1993 and 1994, a cohort of 1199 pregnant women were followed to identify how work factors related to spontaneous abortion, infant low ...
Wen S W - - 1997
OBJECTIVES: To confirm the observation that has been occasionally reported in the literature that perinatal mortality rate is lower in ethnic Chinese than in ethnic whites, and to assess the reasons for this lower perinatal mortality rate. METHODS: Secondary-analysis based on published data. RESULTS: This exercise demonstrates that the perinatal ...
- - 1997
The aim of this study of extremely low birth-weight (ELBW, birth weight 500-999 g) infants born in Victoria was to determine the changes between 3 distinct eras; 1979-80, 1985-87, and 1991-2, in the proportions who were born outside level 3 perinatal centres (outborn), the proportions of outborn infants who were ...
Roder D - - 1997
We investigated differentials and time trends in perinatal mortality and perinatal risk factors by geographic area of residence in South Australia during 1981-1994, to assess whether sociodemographic inequalities had lessened. The areas analysed were Adelaide and the country region of South Australia, with Adelaide being divided by socioeconomic status into ...
Gupta N - - 1997
It is a universally known fact that maternal well-being is related to neonatal health. This case-control study aims to assess the pattern and strength of association of neonatal morbidity and mortality (in first 7 days of life) in relation to the presence of obstetric & medical risk factors in the ...
Grosche B - - 1997
As has been shown by the authors of a paper recently published in this journal, a deviation from a long-term trend in perinatal mortality within the former Federal Republic of Germany occurred in 1987, i.e. 1 year following the Chernobyl disaster. It is the aim of this study to make ...
Vallgårda S - - 1997
The purpose of this article is to identify factors explaining why the perinatal mortality rate ceased to fall in Denmark during the 1980s, while it continued to do so in Sweden, and to study the ability of known risk factors to predict this development. My analysis is based on routinely ...
Finnström O - - 1997
In a 2-year (1990-92) prospective national investigation, comprising all stillborn and live-born ELBW infants with a birthweight of < or = 1000 g born at 23 completed weeks of gestation or more, we examined the incidence, neonatal mortality, major morbidity and infant survival in relation to level of care and ...
Katz-Salamon M - - 1997
Preterm birth is associated with an increased risk for neurological handicaps. The purpose of the present study has been: to investigate the influence of perinatal risk factors on early neuromotor development during the neonatal period; to specify the neuromotor parameters particularly sensitive to perinatal complications; and to analyse whether the ...
Nourse C B - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: To assess perinatal outcome and the effect of antenatal steroid use following conservative management of 86 consecutive singleton pregnancies complicated by pre-labour rupture of membranes (ROM) in the mid-trimester (13-26 weeks; mean 22.8 weeks). METHODOLOGY: Review of obstetric and neonatal case notes between 1 January 1990 and 31 December ...
Yiv B C - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) in South Australia (SA) in 1991, the proportion of cases detected in the neonatal period and the perinatal risk factors for DDH. METHODOLOGY: Cases of DDH born in SA in 1991 were identified from multiple sources and their ...
Salinas A M - - 1997
This study assessed and quantified the effect of quality of care on death preventability, independent of social and biological variables. One hundred and eighty-one avoidable perinatal deaths (cases) were compared to 341 non-avoidable ones (controls). Judgement criteria on death preventability were based predominantly on compliance with explicit hospital medical care ...
Gulbransen G - - 1997
AIMS: To determine for the period 1973-93, national and regional (1991 and 1992 only) incidence of home birth in New Zealand, with home birth defined as home being the intended place of birth at the onset of labour, to calculate perinatal and maternal mortality rates for home birth, and to ...
Chandra S - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: To determine risk factors for perinatal asphyxia. DESIGN: Cohort study. SETTING: Teaching hospital. METHODS: All consecutive hospital births were evaluated during the study period. Asphyxia was defined on intrapartum and neonatal resuscitation criteria. Maternal, intrapartum and neonatal variables were recorded in all births. Data was analyzed after stratifying for ...
Dasgupta S - - 1997
Study of perinatal mortality in a Medical College Hospital revealed stillbirth rate as 38.4, early neonatal death rate as 29.3 and overall perinatal morality rate as 67.7 per 1000 live births. More than half (53.6%) of the perinatal deaths were in primipara and another 22.8% in mothers of parity more ...
Nguyen T H - - 1997
This study aimed to estimate the perinatal mortality rate (PMR) in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam, and to assess the association between perinatal death (PD) and prenatal care (PC). During January 1st to December 31st, 1992, among 4,809 births ascertained from 22 communes randomly selected in two areas, urban and ...
Olsen O - - 1997
BACKGROUND: The safety of planned home birth is controversial. This study examined the safety of planned home birth backed up by a modern hospital system compared with planned hospital birth in the Western world. METHODS: A meta-analysis of six controlled observational studies was conducted, and the perinatal outcomes of 24,092 ...
Körblein A - - 1997
Perinatal mortality in Germany was investigated with respect to a possible relationship to the nuclear accident in Chernobyl on April 26, 1986. Using annual data of perinatal mortality, a trend analysis based on an appropriately chosen statistical model was performed which showed a significant increase in 1987. In addition, we ...
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