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Results 251 - 300 of 832
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Evans D J - - 2001
To assess the benefits and harm of administering anticonvulsants to infants of 37 weeks gestation or more following perinatal asphyxia with the primary aims of prevention of death or subsequent severe neurodevelopmental disability and/or the prevention of seizures. Relevant randomised controlled trials were identified using a combination of electronic database ...
Baldwin K J KJ North Staffordshire Maternity Unit, Newcastle, United - - 2001
To study the management of a series of women presenting with acute-onset hypertension in the 21 maternity units in the West Midlands region, in order to measure the standard of care and the outcomes of these patients and their babies. Multicenter audit. Twenty-one Maternity Units in the West Midlands region ...
Davies B R - - 2000
BACKGROUND: The objective of the study was to investigate the possibility of the effect of seasonal temperature on the incidence of lethal congenital malformations in a retrospective study. METHODS: At the National Institute of Perinatology in Mexico City, perinatal deaths due to congenital malformations were compared with the the remainder ...
Chen H J - - 2000
PURPOSE: To study the validity of urinary uric acid (UA) as a marker of perinatal asphyxia in term and premature infants. METHODS: The urinary ratio of UA to creatinine (Cr) was obtained within 24 hours after birth in four groups of infants: 17 term infants and 18 premature infants with ...
Mlay G S - - 2000
A prospective unmatched case-control study of 256 neonates with Respiratory Distress Syndrome (RDS) and 256 controls was conducted to study risk factors and outcome during March to November 1995. RDS contributed to 6 per cent of all neonatal admissions and was significantly associated with lower birthweights, gestational age, birth asphyxia ...
Joensen F - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To examine causes of perinatal mortality in the Faroe Islands, where it has been increased compared to other Nordic societies. METHOD: Cases were classified according to a fetal/obstetric, a fetal/neonatal, and a fetal/obstetric/neonatal classification (classifications C1, C2, and C3, respectively). SETTING: The Faroe Islands 1986-1995; as reference materials were ...
Elimian A - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To determine the perinatal effects of histologic chorioamnionitis on preterm neonates and the effectiveness of antenatal steroids in the presence of histologic chorioamnionitis. METHODS: We studied neonates at our institution who weighed 1750 g or less at birth from January 1990 through December 1997. The population was stratified primarily ...
Kolatat T - - 2000
Perinatal asphyxia contributes greatly to neonatal mortality and morbidity. In developing countries, the need for risk assessment in perinatal asphyxia is obvious because of the high birth rate and limited perinatal resources. OBJECTIVE: To determine the incidence and risk factors of perinatal asphyxia in infants who were delivered from mothers ...
Mehta S - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To examine the site of delivery for very low birth weight (VLBW) infants and infants with major congenital malformations (MCM) within an established system of perinatal regionalization. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective study of site of delivery for VLBW infants and infants born with MCM (tracheoesophageal fistula/esophageal atresia, diaphragmatic hernia, ...
Ziadeh S M - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Triplet births, which have increased greatly throughout the world in recent years, have a much greater risk of poor birth outcome than singleton births. The purpose of this study was to determine the perinatal outcome associated with triplet pregnancies and to compare abdominal delivery with vaginal delivery. METHODS: We ...
Shah N M - - 2000
The aim of this paper was to investigate whether socioeconomic factors such as parent's education, occupation, and income constitute risk factors in perinatal mortality after controlling for biological variables such as birth weight and length of gestation, and maternal factors such as age, parity and reproductive history. A case-control study ...
Tuchscherer M - - 2000
Despite technological changes and improved management, piglet mortality remains a problem for both production and welfare. Most preweaning mortality occurs within the first 3 days after birth because of problems with adaptation and development. Thus, the purpose of our study was to determine the physiologic state of newborn pigs with ...
Scudiero R - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether there is a significant association between perinatal mortality and exposure to total doses of tocolytic magnesium sulfate larger than 48 g. METHODS: We did a case-control study in which cases were defined as neonates or fetuses who died after being exposed to tocolytic magnesium sulfate and ...
Kulmala T - - 2000
Peri- and neonatal mortality remain high in developing countries, especially in sub-Saharan Africa. In the present study, we quantified and identified the most important predictors of early mortality in rural Malawi. Data were obtained from a community-based cohort of 795 pregnant women and their 813 fetuses, followed prospectively from mid-pregnancy. ...
Andersson T - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Perinatal deaths have been more difficult to prevent than infant deaths in low- income countries due to its close relation to poor maternal outcome. The aim of the study was to perform a comprehensive population-based analysis of perinatal mortality in a high mortality setting and to determine the impact ...
Mbweza E - - 2000
The aim of the study was to identify maternal risk factors for perinatal asphyxia in Malawi. Records of 100 mothers who delivered neonates with Apgar scores less than 6 at 5 minutes of birth during March to September 1998 were analyzed. The majority of the mothers were primigravidas (79%) and ...
Vaahtera M - - 2000
BACKGROUND: The slow pace in the reduction of infant mortality in sub-Saharan Africa has partially been attributed to the epidemic of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. To facilitate early interventions, antenatal and perinatal predictors of 1st year mortality were identified in a rural community in southern Malawi. METHODS: A cohort ...
Holt J - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Quality assessment of perinatal care can be carried out by classifying perinatal deaths. In the following we have analyzed the geographical contrasts in perinatal deaths according to the Nordic-Baltic perinatal death classification in a sparsely populated Norwegian county. MATERIAL AND METHODS: All stillbirths (> or =28 weeks of gestation) ...
Bouckaert A - - 2000
In spite of the well-known effect of tobacco on embryo growth retardation, of the higher perinatal mortality of the offspring of smoking mothers, and of the dependence of perinatal mortality risk on small birth weight, it has consistently been found that small infants of smoking mothers have lower mortality rates ...
Kusiako T - - 2000
Very few population-based studies of perinatal mortality in developing countries have examined the role of intrapartum risk factors. In the present study, the proportion of perinatal deaths that are attributable to complications during childbirth in Matlab, Bangladesh, was assessed using community-based data from a home-based programme led by professional midwives ...
Seidman L J - - 2000
Previous literature shows that children who later develop schizophrenia have elevated rates of prenatal and perinatal complications (PPCs) and neuropsychological deficits in childhood. However, little is known about the relationship of these risk factors to each other. We evaluated the relationship between PPCs and neuropsychological functioning at age 7 in ...
Hernández J A - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To determine the contribution of infants born at the threshold of viability (< 750 gm) on neonatal mortality in Colorado. STUDY DESIGN: For the period of January 1991 to December 1996, all Colorado live births who expired were evaluated for gestational age, birth weight, gender, hospital level of care, ...
Gustafsson B - - 2000
BACKGROUND: The discussion concerning clusters of childhood leukaemia has mainly been focused on their relation to the time and place of diagnosis. Recently some studies have indicated clustering not only at diagnosis, but also around time and place of birth. Space-time clustering at time of birth could be of special ...
Yu V Y - - 2000
Institution-based studies from perinatal centers are reporting encouraging survival and developmental outcome in extremely preterm infants, but population-based studies of all such births within a geographical-defined region are necessary to examine the impact of perinatal-neonatal care on the entire community. We have reported that their perinatal mortality and severe disability ...
Ramos A M - - 2000
The Pró-Natal project is a collaborative initiative that aims to improve maternal and infant health in a deprived community in Natal, Northeast Brazil. To assess the perinatal and infant mortality in this population of 40,000, we have collected over a 2-year period a consecutive series of 39 autopsy examinations on ...
Evans D J - - 2000
To assess the benefits and harm of administering anticonvulsants to infants of 37 weeks gestation or more following perinatal asphyxia with the primary aims of prevention of death or subsequent severe neurodevelopmental disability and/or the prevention of seizures. Relevant randomised controlled trials were identified using a combination of electronic database ...
Resnick M B - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: To assess the relative effects and the impact of perinatal and sociodemographic risk factors on long-term morbidity within a total birth population in Florida. METHODS: School records for 339 171 children entering kindergarten in Florida public schools in the 1992-1993, 1993-1994, or 1994-1995 academic years were matched with Florida ...
Ekholm E - - 1999
BACKGROUND: Eclampsia is a serious threat to both maternal and fetal well-being. We started the present study because no recent data are available on the incidence of eclampsia and the outcome of patients with this serious disorder in Finland. METHODS: The incidence of eclampsia in Finland in 1990-1994 was studied ...
Nwosu E C - - 1999
Seventy cases of placental abruption were studied. These occurred in 12,800 deliveries, an incidence of 4.8 per 1000. There were more female infants (34-56%) compared with males (27-44%). Sixteen infants were stillborn and one baby died in the neonatal period. Thirteen of the perinatal deaths occurred in male infants. We ...
Scherb H - - 1999
BACKGROUND: Numerous investigations have been carried out concerning the possible impact of the Chernobyl accident, in April 1986, on the prevalence of anomalies at birth and on perinatal mortality. The accident has contaminated Eastern Europe more heavily than Western Europe. If there was an effect of the radioactive contamination on ...
Melve K K - - 1999
The authors studied the extent to which preterm birth and perinatal mortality are dependent on the gestational ages of previous births within sibships. The study was based on data collected by the Medical Birth Registry of Norway from 1967 to 1995. Newborns were linked to their mothers through Norway's unique ...
Gray R H - - 1999
Childhood mortality and morbidity patterns in the English-speaking Caribbean have changed significantly over the past 40 years. Acute respiratory illness, physical injury and conditions originating in the perinatal period have replaced malnutrition, gastroenteritis and other infectious diseases as major causes of illness and death in Caribbean children. Although population growth ...
Daltveit A K - - 1999
Data from the medical birth registries in Norway and Sweden were used to study geographical variations in perinatal mortality in the two countries. The study population comprised 1.4 million single births during 1975-79 and 1985-88. Perinatal death (n=9,834) for infants with a birthweight of 1,000 g or more was the ...
Dimitriou G - - 1999
The aim of this study was to investigate if blood pressure (BP) rhythms were present in the perinatal period in very immature infants. Twenty-two infants, median gestational age 24-28 weeks, who had indwelling arterial lines with undamped arterial BP waveforms, were studied. The infants were all receiving intensive care under ...
Domínguez-Berjón M F - - 1999
The aims of the present study were to describe and compare infant, neonatal, postneonatal and perinatal mortality in aggregates of Spanish Autonomous Communities (AC) with higher and lower income, as well as to describe and compare their respective inequalities among the provinces constituting AC with similar (high or low) and ...
Heywood S - - 1999
From March 1995 to February 1998, 110 patients diagnosed with tuberculosis (TB) in pregnancy or the puerperium at the Port Moresby General Hospital (PMGH) were surveyed. 96% were diagnosed as a result of the symptoms of tuberculosis, 4% through contact tracing. 11 of 40 patients who first attended antenatal clinic ...
Gilbert R E - - 1999
To compare perinatal morbidity and mortality for babies delivered in water with rates for babies delivered conventionally (not in water). Surveillance study (of all consultant paediatricians) and postal survey (of all NHS maternity units). British Isles (surveillance study); England and Wales (postal survey). Babies born in the British Isles between ...
Richardson D K - - 1999
OBJECTIVES: This multisite study sought to identify (1) any differences in admission risk (defined by gestational age and illness severity) among neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) and (2) obstetric antecedents of newborn illness severity. METHODS: Data on 1476 babies born at a gestational age of less than 32 weeks in ...
Gould J B - - 1999
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to assess the extent of variation in the percentage of very low birth weight (VLBW) infants born at perinatal Level 1 hospitals (no Neonatal Intensive Care Unit [NICU]) across California's nine geographic Perinatal regions. The role of sociodemographic, perinatal, and geographic factors was ...
Buga G A - - 1999
BACKGROUND: Hypertensive disorders are a major cause of maternal and perinatal morbidity and mortality worldwide. The incidence and complications at Umtata General Hospital have not yet been documented, but clinical experience shows that hypertension is a common and serious problem. OBJECTIVE: To determine the incidence, clinical features, complications, and perinatal ...
Makimoto K - - 1999
As part of a community health assessment, variations in maternal and child health-related vital statistics data in Ishikawa Prefecture, Japan, from 1984 to 1993 were studied. Annual vital statistics reports published by the Prefectural government were used for the analysis. The following rates by public health district were calculated: abortion ...
Bahado-Singh R O RO Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut 06520, - - 1999
Our purpose was to determine whether the Doppler cerebroplacental ratio predicts perinatal outcome in fetuses at risk for intrauterine growth restriction. The middle cerebral and umbilical artery pulsatility index values were measured in 203 fetuses at risk for intrauterine growth restriction, of which 123 were delivered <3 weeks after the ...
Chisholm C A - - 1999
Sacrococcygeal teratoma is the most common fetal neoplasm, with an incidence of 1 in 40,000 births. Fetuses with this malformation are at risk for significant perinatal morbidity and mortality. We identified nine fetuses with sacrococcygeal teratomas that were diagnosed antenatally and managed at the University of North Carolina Hospitals over ...
Minakami H - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relation between birth weight and perinatal mortality in multifetal pregnancies, which is more than 5 times higher than for singleton infants. METHODS: We assessed the incidence of perinatal deaths based on birth weight in 89,566 infants of multifetal pregnancies and 6,025,199 infants of singleton pregnancies in ...
Eckerman C O - - 1999
Very low birth weight (VLBW) infants of higher (n = 18) and lower (n = 29) perinatal biological risk were contrasted at 4 months adjusted age with healthy full-term infants (n = 32) in their arousal during a standardized peekaboo game with an examiner. VLBW infants showed less positive arousal, ...
Skomsvoll J F - - 1999
Perinatal outcome in infants of women with rheumatic disease notified between 1967 95 to the Medical Birth Registry of Norway was compared to women without such disease. Logistic regression provided odds ratios for associations between rheumatic disease and perinatal outcome for 3 time periods: 1967-76, 1977-86, and 1987-95. Women with ...
Wong S - - 1999
The objective of this article is to evaluate the effect of hepatitis B antigenemia on perinatal outcome. Perinatal outcome of 824 women with hepatitis B surface antigen (HbsAg) was compared with 6281 women without hepatitis B surface antigen (control) from June 1996 to September 1998. The maternal characteristics were comparable ...
Nakabayashi M - - 1999
Recently, perinatal outcome in patients undergoing chronic hemodialysis has been improved. But the conditions that will most likely result in successful pregnancy are still obscure. We retrospectively analyzed 15 pregnant patients who were undergoing chronic hemodialysis before pregnancy treated in our perinatal center. We divided these 15 cases into 2 ...
Robertson N J - - 1998
Perinatal asphyxia is the most important cause of acute neurologic injury in the newborn and occurs in approximately six per 1000 term live births. After resuscitation of an infant with birth asphyxia, the emphasis has been on supportive therapy; however, there is increasing evidence that a "therapeutic window" exists in ...
Farooqi A - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the perinatal and 2-year outcomes in pregnancies complicated by preterm premature rupture of membranes (PROM) during the second trimester. METHODS: Fifty-three consecutive singleton pregnancies with PROM at 14 to 28 weeks of gestation were studied retrospectively. Management goals were to prolong the pregnancies to 32 weeks through ...
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