Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 832
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Dollberg S - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Multiple demographic, genetic, and environmental factors differ between Muslim and Jewish infants in Israel. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether, after adjustment for perinatal factors associated with mortality, excess mortality occurs in very low birthweight (VLBW) Muslim compared with Jewish infants. DESIGN: The Israel National VLBW infant database includes data on ...
Joseph KS - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Birth weight- and gestational age-specific perinatal mortality curves intersect when compared across categories of maternal smoking, plurality, race and other factors. No simple explanation exists for this paradoxical observation. METHODS: We used data on all live births, stillbirths and infant deaths in Canada (1991-1997) to compare perinatal mortality rates ...
Hampl Vaclav - - 2003
Some effects of perinatal hypoxia on pulmonary circulation are permanent. Since pulmonary vascular sensitivity to hypoxia in adults differs between sexes, we hypothesized that gender-based variability also exists in the long-term effects of perinatal hypoxia. Rats spent 1 wk before and 1 wk after birth in hypoxia (12% O2) and ...
Elamin S - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate and compare the three most commonly used perinatal death classification systems: (1) the Nordic-Baltic; (2) the Aberdeen; and (3) the Wigglesworth, and assess their applicability in a developing country (Sudan) with a high perinatal mortality rate, and their justification for practical use in quality assurance and audit ...
Korblein A - - 2003
Perinatal mortality rates in the regions of Ukraine and Belarus surrounding the Chernobyl site increased in 1987, the year following the Chernobyl accident. The same year, increases of perinatal mortality were also observed in Germany and Poland, and the effect can be associated with the caesium burden in pregnant women. ...
Imaizumi Yoko - - 2003
Perinatal mortality rates (PMRs) in triplets were analyzed using Japanese Vital Statistics during the period of 1980-1998. The total number of perinatal deaths in triplets was 1051. The PMR significantly decreased from 214 per 1000 births in 1980 to 39 in 1998, a reduction of 82%. PMRs in triplets were ...
Petrou Stavros - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to explore the relationship between the number of antenatal visits made by a representative sample of British women and adverse perinatal outcomes. STUDY DESIGN: A total of 20,771 women with a singleton pregnancy were recruited from nine representative maternity units in Northern England ...
Weiner Renay - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: To identify and quantify risk factors for perinatal mortality in a Kenyan district hospital and to assess the proportion of perinatal deaths attributable to labour complications, maternal undernutrition, malaria, anaemia and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). METHODS: A cross-sectional study of 910 births was conducted between January 1996 and July ...
Bianca S - - 2003
Esophageal atresia (EA) is a relatively rare alimentary tract congenital anomaly. We studied perinatal risk factors of 90 live birth cases of isolated EA with (40 cases) or without (50 cases) tracheal fistula. We found sex ratios of 1.43 for total EA cases and 1.5 for both subgroups of EA ...
Bianca S - - 2003
Infantile hypertrophic pyloric stenosis (IHPS) is a common condition requiring surgical intervention during the first weeks of life. Up to now the exact etiology of IHPS remains unclear and it is probable that several predisposing risk factors would be associated with the condition. Prompted by the observation that some perinatal ...
Zupan J - - 2003
Global perinatal mortality figures show that of the 132 million births per year, there are between 6 and 7 million perinatal deaths. While 90% of these births are in less developed countries, perinatal deaths take 98% of the global share. These statistics show on average the rates as they were ...
Straughn H K - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate birthweight-specific neonatal mortality and perinatal interventions in major medical centers in developed and developing countries. METHODS: A survey was developed and electronically mailed to 13 medical centers participating in the Global Network for Perinatal and Reproductive Health (GNPRH). The ability of a center to provide requested data ...
Erdem Gulsen - - 2003
A prospective study was conducted to investigate perinatal mortality rate, stillbirth rate and early neonatal mortality rate in 29 centres throughout Turkey between 1 January 1999 and 31 December 1999. The most frequent causes of mortality were determined according to the modified Wigglesworth classification, and the results were evaluated with ...
Roelofsen Anne C - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To investigate maternal-fetal outcome of infants born after pregnancies complicated by (H)ELLP syndrome. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective cohort study was performed on patients with the HELLP or ELLP syndrome. Maternal and perinatal complications were recorded. The follow-up period of the infants was at least 18 months. A multivariate regression ...
Nasheit N A - - 2003
Perinatal mortality rates in Iraq have been extremely high during the last 10 years, although detailed data are not available due to inadequate collection of health information during the Gulf conflict and the period of sanction which has continued since August 1990 until the present. The average perinatal mortality rate ...
- - 2003
AIMS: To determine the causes of perinatal mortality and to calculate perinatal mortality rates at Hacettepe University Hospital. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In 1998 the Perinatal Mortality Study Group was established at Hacettepe University. The study group was constituted by the Department of Pediatrics, Units of Pediatric Pathology, Pediatric Cardiology, Pediatric ...
Welbeck J - - 2003
High risk pregnancies continue to be associated with high perinatal mortality and morbidity in developing countries. Korle Bu Teaching Hospital is no exception with a perinatal mortality rate of 98.7/1000 births. Multiple factors resulting in this include the high risk nature of the pregnancies resulting in increased incidence of premature ...
Oue Takaharu - - 2003
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: The incidence of hepatoblastoma (HB) in children of low birth weight is increasing. In the authors' institute, 5 infants of extremely low birth weight (ELBW) were found to have HB. The purpose of this study was to identify the characteristics of these infants to elucidate the pathogenesis of HB ...
Liu Chieh-An - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Hydrops fetalis (HF) is a condition with a high mortality rate. The cause may be due to a variety of underlying diseases. In the majority of cases, death occurs antepartum and intrapartum. For those that are born alive, it is difficult to survive. The purpose of this study was ...
Bari W - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: In Bangladesh, the perinatal mortality is very high. This study examined the differentials and determinants of perinatal mortality in rural Bangladesh. METHODS: The study was based on the prospective data on maternal morbidity collected by the Bangladesh Institute of Research for Promotion of Essential and Reproductive Health and Technologies ...
Heaman Maureen - - 2002
Perinatal health surveillance systems have lacked conceptual frameworks to translate data into information for policy and program planning. This paper demonstrates the application of a conceptual framework in the analysis of feto-infant mortality data in the province of Manitoba. Fetal and infant deaths were categorized according to a two-dimensional framework ...
Buchmann E J EJ Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University of the Witwatersrand, - - 2002
The recent amalgamation of data by users of the Perinatal Problem Identification Programme (PPIP) throughout South Africa has culminated in the publication of the Saving Babies report. To determine the absolute rate of death from intrapartum-related birth asphyxia, and the contribution of intrapartum-related asphyxia to total perinatal mortality in South ...
El Amin Seif - - 2002
In a 3-month period, May to August 2000, the perinatal mortality rate at Omdurman Maternity Hospital (OMH), Sudan, was 8.2%. Two groups of perinatal deaths, intrapartum deaths of non-malformed infants and neonatal deaths of mature infants above 34 weeks, both considered to be potentially avoidable by improved care, were in ...
Orji E O - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To determine the decision-intervention interval in ruptured uterus with a view of overhauling the management strategy thereby improving the maternal and perinatal outcome. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey based on secondary data done between 1990-1999. SETTING: Obafemi Awolowo University Teaching Hospital Complex, Ile-Ife, Nigeria. SUBJECTS: One hundred and two consecutive women ...
Olsen Øystein E - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Reference data for roentgen skeletal measurements among infants who die during the perinatal period is not available, although it might prove helpful in the study of pre-autopsy radiographs. OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to define new population-based reference data for skeletal measurements among infants who die during the perinatal period. ...
de Galan-Roosen A E M - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To validate a newly introduced classification system for the registration of perinatal mortality. DESIGN: Descriptive. SETTING: Dutch Healthcare region Delft-Westland-Oostland (DWO). MATERIAL AND METHODS: In a 10-years period (1983-1992), all cases of perinatal death with a birthweight above 500 g (n=239) were included into the study. Six assessors: four ...
Bennett Charlotte C - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To record the maternal morbidity and pregnancy outcome in this cohort. DESIGN: Retrospective data collection from a prospectively defined cohort. SETTING: The 37 largest perinatal centres in the UK. POPULATION: 258 in utero transfers recorded during a three-month census (1/4/99-30/6/99). METHODS: A questionnaire regarding the outcome of each mother ...
Greenough Anne - - 2002
In very low birth weight (VLBW) infants, colloid infusion is associated with impaired perinatal lung function and increased oxygen dependency duration. The aim of this study was to determine whether perinatal colloid infusion was associated with abnormal neurodevelopmental outcome. All perinatal fluid input (crystalloid and colloid) given to VLBW infants ...
Soregaroli M - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To correlate umbilical artery Doppler velocimetry with perinatal outcome in a group of growth-restricted fetuses. DESIGN: The study was a retrospective analysis of 578 singleton pregnancies with diagnosis of intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR), delivered in a single obstetric unit, at the Spedali Civili, Brescia, Italy, a university and teaching ...
Lewis Judith A - - 2002
Genetics is becoming an important part of perinatal nursing care. The need for genetic counseling and referral may be identified before conception, early in pregnancy, upon the demise of a fetus with an abnormality, or after the birth of an infant with a genetic condition. Perinatal nurses often are present ...
Mitra Kaberi - - 2002
The close relationship between the maternal malnutrition and consequent birth of low birth weight babies and the perinatal mortality is now an accepted fact and has been studied extensively in developed countries, though the problem is more acute in developing countries. The present study was proposed to find out relationship ...
Serón-Ferré María - - 2002
During gestation, the perinatal neuroendocrine axis keeps clock time. In primates, the suprachiasmatic nucleus (biological clock in mammals), shows oscillatory function by midgestation. There is evidence in rodents that the mother, during pregnancy, entrains the fetal suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN) and newborn circadian rhythms. We are investigating the role of maternal ...
Mogilevkina Iryna - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To identify health care issues important to reduce the perinatal mortality rate (PMR) in Ukraine. STUDY DESIGN: Perinatal deaths in the Donetsk region (Ukraine) in 1997-1998 were compared with those in Denmark in 1996 by using the Nordic-Baltic classification for perinatal deaths. Clinical guidelines, use of technology and rates ...
Essen Birgitta - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: In Sweden, a country with high standards of obstetric care, the high rate of perinatal mortality among children of immigrant women from the Horn of Africa raises the question of whether there is an association between female circumcision and perinatal death. METHOD: To investigate this, we examined a cohort ...
Lynch John Kylan - - 2002
The National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke and the Office of Rare Disorders sponsored a workshop on perinatal and childhood stroke in Bethesda, Maryland, on September 18 and 19, 2000. This was an international workshop to bring together experts in the field of perinatal and childhood stroke. Topics covered ...
Hunt R - - 2002
Perinatal asphyxia remains an important condition with significant mortality and long-term morbidity. Multisystem involvement including hypotension and low cardiac output is common in infants with perinatal asphyxia. Dopamine is commonly used for infants with hypotension of any etiology, with the goal of improving cardiac output and preventing its detrimental consequences. ...
Lynch J K - - 2001
Perinatal stroke has become increasingly recognized, but the incidence is probably underestimated because of variation in the presentation, evaluation, and diagnosis. Based on estimates from population-based studies of infants with seizures, perinatal stroke occurs in approximately 1 in 4000 term births. Most perinatal strokes involve the middle cerebral artery and ...
Aggarwal R - - 2001
Perinatal asphyxia is one of the common causes of neonatal mortality. Data from National Neonatal Perinatal database suggest that perinatal asphyxia contributes to almost 20% of neonatal deaths in India. Failure to initiate or sustain respiration after birth has been defined as criteria for the diagnosis of asphyxia by WHO. ...
Oral E - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To determine the perinatal and maternal outcome of the macrosomic infants. STUDY DESIGN: A case-control, retrospective study is performed in the Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Istanbul University Cerrahpasa Medical Faculty, between 1988-1992. The maternal and neonatal records of infants with birthweight of at least 4000g (n=1000) were reviewed. ...
Naidu S - - 2001
Perinatal mortality rates are an important indicator of the overall obstetric and neonatal services available, and the socio-economic status of the community. These rates are also used to identify shortcomings in services provided. The aim of this study was to identify clinical causative factors of perinatal deaths (supported by post ...
Anthony S - - 2001
Official Dutch perinatal mortality rates are based on birth and death certificates. These civil registration data are not detailed enough for international comparisons or extensive epidemiological research. In this study, we linked and extrapolated three national, incomplete, professional registers from midwives, obstetricians and paediatricians, containing detailed perinatal information. This linkage ...
Bassaw B - - 2001
Perinatal mortality rates are considered in the western world to be a quantitative barometer of maternity care. This 6-year prospective perinatal audit was conducted at a tertiary hospital in order to determine foetal outcome, and the common causes of foetal and early neonatal deaths. Of a total of 30,987 births, ...
Schulpen T W - - 2001
AIMS: To investigate the differences in perinatal death and child mortality between different ethnic groups in the Netherlands. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of data collected between 1990 and 1993 in the national obstetric registry comprising 569 743 births. Retrospective analysis of all death certificates of 0 to 15 year old children ...
Ananth C V - - 2001
Placental abruption is an uncommon obstetric complication associated with high perinatal mortality rates. The authors explored the associations of abruption with fetal growth restriction, preterm delivery, and perinatal survival. The study was based on 7,508,655 singleton births delivered in 1995 and 1996 in the United States. Abruption was recorded in ...
Smith G C - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: This study was undertaken to estimate the cumulative risk of perinatal death associated with delivery at each gestational week both at term and post term. STUDY DESIGN: The numbers of antepartum stillbirths, intrapartum stillbirths, neonatal deaths, and surviving neonates delivered at between 37 and 43 weeks' gestation in Scotland, ...
van der Lende T - - 2001
The pig industry is confronted with substantial losses due to piglet mortality. With 3-8% stillbirths and generally > 10% preweaning mortality, approximately one fifth of all fetuses formed fully at the end of gestation die before weaning. Most of these losses occur in the perinatal period. Overall prenatal development (birth ...
Fatusić Z - - 2001
AIM: The aim of the study was to investigate the most frequent causes of perinatal mortality in Bosnia and Herzegovina. METHODS: We analyzed in a retrospective study over a one year period (1999) the following cantons: Sarajevo, Mostar, Tuzla, Bihać, Gorazde, Travnik, Zenica, which represent about one half of the ...
Oh J Y - - 2001
Meconium aspiration syndrome occurs in 0.2% to 1% of all deliveries and has a mortality rate as high as 18%. The disease is responsible for 2% of all perinatal deaths. Meconium may be classified as being thick or thin, but this assessment is normally performed visually by clinicians. A "meconiumcrit" ...
Tommiska V - - 2001
OBJECTIVES: The aims of this prospective nationwide investigation were to establish the birth rate, mortality, and morbidity of extremely low birth weight (ELBW) infants in Finland in 1996-1997, and to analyze risk factors associated with poor outcome. PARTICIPANTS AND METHODS: The study population included all stillborn and live-born ELBW infants ...
Gramellini D - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: The aim of our study was to evaluate the efficacy of Doppler velocimetry and cardiotocography in surveillance of the fetus affected by severe fetal growth retardation (FGR) and hence their capacity in predicting adverse perinatal outcome. This could therefore permit the timing of delivery thus reducing perinatal morbidity and ...
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