Search Results
Results 51 - 100 of 832
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Bombrys Annette E - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to determine perinatal outcome and maternal morbidities based on gestational age (GA) at the onset of expectant management in severe preeclampsia at less than 27 weeks. STUDY DESIGN: This was a retrospective analysis of outcome in patients with severe preeclampsia. Forty-six patients (51 ...
Bhat R Y - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The incidence of meconium aspiration syndrome (MAS), associated perinatal factors, morbidity and deaths varies widely. This study aimed to assess the perinatal attributes and morbidity associated with MAS. METHODS: Over a 2-year period, all neonates born through meconium-stained amniotic fluid (MSAF) were observed for respiratory distress (RD). Birth details, ...
Pont M M - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To determine changes over time in the characteristics of early extremely low birth weight non-survivors (E-ELBW-NS), maternal characteristics and perinatal management, and the documentation of perinatal consultations. STUDY DESIGN: We conducted a chart review of infants <750 g who died within 24 h divided into two epochs: 1 January ...
Radoncić Ferida - - 2008
AIM: To determine the incidence rate and causes of perinatal mortality and make a comparison between the incidence rate and causes of perinatal mortality in the prewar (1986-1991), war (1992-1995) and postwar (1996-2005) periods in Tuzla Canton, Bosnia and Herzegovina. METHODS: We retrospectively collected data from the databases of University ...
Ahmed Sally J - - 2008
Perinatal testicular torsion is an infrequent event, the management of which has been controversial. Occurrence is rare, estimated at 1 in 7500 newborns (Kaplan, G. W., Silber, I.: Neonatal torsion--to pex or not? In: Urologic surgery in neonates and young infants. Edited by King, L.R. Philadelphia: W.B. Saunders Co., 1988; ...
van Iersel Patricia A M - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Perinatal asphyxia may result in a developmental disorder. A recently developed non-invasive tool to investigate brain function at an early age is the assessment of general movements (GMs). AIM: To evaluate relationships between perinatal risk factors and the quality of GMs in the neonatal period and at 3 months ...
Sharps Phyllis W - - 2008
To describe current evidence on home visiting interventions for pregnant or postpartum women with specific intimate partner violence assessment and content. Online bibliographic databases including PubMed, CINAHL Plus, and Web of Science and a hand search of bibliographies of relevant articles. Original research and intervention studies were included that contained ...
Gordon Adrienne - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To describe the pattern of stillbirths by cause and gestation period in New South Wales since the introduction of the Perinatal Society of Australia and New Zealand perinatal death classification (PSANZ-PDC); and to assess the agreement between classifications on cause of death between local hospital committees and the Perinatal ...
Jiang Ze D - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To gain further insights into the pathophysiological processes of neuronal impairment in neonatal brainstem after perinatal asphyxia. METHODS: Maximum-length sequence brainstem auditory-evoked response (MLS BAER) was recorded with clicks at 91, 227, 455 and 910/s on days 1, 3, 5, 7, 10, 15 and 30 after birth in 108 ...
Mazza Frank - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The Seton Family of Hospitals' experience in developing and implementing transformational practices in labor and delivery (L&D) units aimed at reducing the rate of birth trauma at our facilities was previously reported. METHODS: Seton began its individual perinatal safety effort in earnest in October 2003. The endeavor brought together ...
Ingelfinger Julie R - - 2008
In humans, nephrogenesis is completed by 36 weeks of gestation. Thus, human kidney development is complete at the time of birth in full-term infants. Those infants born before 36 weeks of gestation are still undergoing nephrogenesis for several weeks after their preterm birth and, accordingly, may be exposed to medications ...
Yangzom Yeshe - - 2008
AIM: To describe rates of neonatal mortality, low birthweight (LBW), preterm birth and small for gestational age (SGA), and relate outcome to ethnicity and perinatal risk factors of liveborn infants of hospital deliveries in Lhasa. The differences in these variables between ethnic Tibetans and non-Tibetans were also studied. METHODS: Data ...
Agarwal Ramesh - - 2008
Inspite of major advances in monitoring technology and knowledge of fetal and perinatal medicine, perinatal asphyxia is one of the significant causes of mortality and long term morbidity. Data from National Neonatal Perinatal Database suggests that perinatal asphyxia contributes to almost 20% of neonatal deaths in India. "Failure to initiate ...
Troude Pénélope - - 2008
As perinatal events have been linked with diseases of later onset, epidemiological studies on child development and adult health require information on the perinatal period. When national neonatal registers do not exist, review of medical records may be impractical. However, neonatal information could be obtained by asking mothers to complete ...
Matijasevich Alicia - - 2008
Trends in perinatal mortality were studied in the city of Pelotas, Southern Brazil, using three population-based cohort studies carried out in 1982, 1993 and 2004. The objective of the present study was to analyze trends and differences in perinatal mortality during the 1982-2004 period. All hospital deliveries and perinatal deaths ...
Bamji Mahtab S - - 2008
Despite a vast network of primary health centres and sub-centres, health care outreach in rural parts of India is poor. The Dangoria Charitable Trust (DCT), Hyderabad, has developed a model of health care outreach through trained Village Health and Nutrition Entrepreneur and Mobilisers (HNEMs) in five villages of Medak district ...
Heimstad Runa - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Beyond term there is increased risk of intrauterine fetal death (IUFD) and perinatal death, and we aimed to assess this risk beyond 41 weeks and estimate numbers needed to treat to avoid 1 fetal or neonatal death. DESIGN AND METHODS: All singletons births beyond 41 weeks from 1999-2005 registered ...
Arbyn M - - 2008
To assess the relative risk of perinatal mortality, severe preterm delivery, and low birth weight associated with previous treatment for precursors of cervical cancer. Medline and Embase citation tracking from January 1960 to December 2007. Selection criteria Eligible studies had data on severe pregnancy outcomes for women with and without ...
Kierans William J - - 2008
Birth weight for gestational age is a widely-used proxy for fetal growth. Although the need for different standards for males and females is generally acknowledged, the physiologic vs pathologic nature of ethnic differences in fetal growth is hotly debated and remains unresolved. We used all stillbirth, live birth, and deterministically ...
Weijerman Michel E - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence, neonatal characteristics, and first-year mortality in Down syndrome (DS) among children in The Netherlands. STUDY DESIGN: The number of DS births registered by the Dutch Paediatric Surveillance Unit (DPSU) in 2003 was compared with total live births (reference population) and perinatal registrations. RESULTS: The prevalence ...
Kannan Srimathi - - 2007
This article has three objectives: to describe the biologically plausible mechanistic pathways by which exposure to particulate matter (PM) may lead to adverse perinatal outcomes of low birth weight (LBW), intrauterine growth retardation (IUGR), and preterm delivery (PTD); review evidence showing that nutrition affects biologic pathways; and explain mechanisms by ...
St-Pierre L S - - 2007
While investigating the effects of weak complex magnetic fields upon neuroplasticity following induction of early epilepsy, an unprecedented increase in post-seizure mortality (76%) was observed for young rats that had been exposed perinatally to 7 Hz magnetic fields with maximum intensities around 5 nT. Pups exposed to less intense or ...
Melick Nancy R - - 2007
Olivary nucleus degeneration is one of the pathologic characteristics of infantile olivopontocerebellar atrophy. It has also been described in premature neonates and infants with severe perinatal asphyxia and is thought to represent retrograde transsynaptic changes from cerebellar hemisphere lesions. A 2-year-old boy developed global tremor after a respiratory infection with ...
Sameshima Hiroshi - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Some of the perinatal deaths are preventable. AIMS: To examine with accuracy perinatal deaths and their clinically relevant conditions to further reduce perinatal mortality rates. STUDY DESIGN: Population-based study. SUBJECTS: 356 perinatal deaths in Miyazaki Prefecture from 1998 to 2005. OUTCOME MEASURES: Causes and clinically associated risk factors of ...
Tracy Sally K - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Perinatal mortality is a rare outcome among babies born at term in developed countries after normal uncomplicated pregnancies; consequently, the numbers involved in large databases of routinely collected statistics provide a meaningful evaluation of these uncommon events. The National Perinatal Data Collection records the place of birth and information ...
Dunn P M - - 2007
Following in the footsteps of Billard and Ballantyne, Edith Potter founded from the 1930s onwards the modern subspecialty of perinatal pathology. Her name is eponymously linked with the facial characteristics of infants with bilateral renal agenesis.
Labadaridis Ioannis - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: Long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LC-PUFA) are important for fetal and infant growth and development. The effects of prematurity and perinatal asphyxia on the levels of linoleic acid (LA) and arachidonic acid (AA) in plasma and red blood cell (RBC) membranes were investigated. METHODS: Fifty-five neonates were studied: 18 full ...
Moore Lorna G - - 2007
Chronic mountain sickness (CMS) occurs in approximately 10% of male high-altitude residents. It is characterized by hypoventilation and hypoxemia but its underlying cause remains unknown. We hypothesized that CMS' origins reside in exaggerated perinatal hypoxia that serves, in turn, to impair the development of pulmonary structure and/or respiratory control. As ...
Liu Z - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To obtain descriptive measures of maternal and perinatal health in the Ba Men Region of Inner Mongolia, China. METHODS: Data collected from the Examination Chart for Pregnant Women for approximately 22,000 pregnancies in a three-county area of Inner Mongolia, China from December 1, 1996 through December 31, 1999 were ...
Menzies Jennifer - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To assess the incidence of combined adverse maternal and perinatal outcomes in women with preeclampsia before and after introducing standardized assessment and surveillance. METHODS: This study was a preintervention (retrospective) compared with a postintervention (prospective) cohort comparison in a single-tertiary, perinatal unit that included women admitted to hospital with ...
Yung Cherrie - - 2007
We present two cases of postmaturity-related perinatal mortality with delivery at 42 weeks 6 days' and 44 weeks' gestation, respectively. No cause beyond postmaturity was found. Neither induction of labour nor foetal monitoring had been performed despite these gestations going post 41 weeks because of a current 'social obstetrics' phenomenon--non-local ...
Dunn Peter M - - 2007
Slow but steady progress in the medical care of mothers and their infants during the 16th-19th centuries received a setback early in the 20th century following a shift of focus from the baby towards gynaecological surgery. The development of paediatrics after 1928 and the formation of a national health service ...
Zhang Xun - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: To examine whether the smaller size of infants born to primiparous, short, or thin mothers is associated with increased risks of perinatal mortality. STUDY DESIGN: We compared gestational age-specific patterns of "revealed" small-for-gestational-age (SGA) birth (number of SGA births expressed as a proportion of fetuses remaining in utero at ...
Zang Zheng - - 2008
Distortion product otoacoustic emissions (DPOAEs) were analyzed at 6 months of age in term infants who had perinatal hypoxia-ischaemia (HI) and those who had a low Agar score alone to detect any abnormalities in cochlear function and any difference between the two groups of infants. The f2 primary tone was ...
Cai Jinwen - - 2007
The perinatal periods of risk (PPOR) methodology provides an easy-to-use analytical approach to infant mortality that helps focus community initiatives for improving maternal and infant health. Because few analyses have been published, many public health practitioners may be unfamiliar with PPOR. This article demonstrates the application of PPOR analysis using ...
Mari Giancarlo - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare gestational age at delivery and the performance of middle cerebral artery (MCA), ductus venosus (DV), and umbilical artery Doppler parameters in the prediction of perinatal mortality and morbidity in intrauterine growth-restricted (IUGR) fetuses delivered at 32 weeks or earlier. METHODS: The ...
Xiong Xu - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To examine the association between pregnancy-induced hypertension (PIH) and perinatal mortality. STUDY DESIGN: A population-based, retrospective, cohort study was conducted based on 16,936 pregnancies delivered between January 1, 1989, and December 31, an infant 1990, in Suzhou, China. PIH growth was classified as gestational hypertension, preeclampsia or severe preeclampsia. ...
Harlap Susan S Department of Epidemiology, Mailman School of Public Health, New York 10032, USA. - - 2007
The Jerusalem Perinatal Study recorded information on population-based cohorts of 92 408 live- and stillbirths in 1964-76, and their parents, with active surveillance of infant deaths and birth defects. Data on maternal conditions, obstetric complications and interventions during labour and delivery were recorded for 92% of the births. Subsets were ...
Korejo Razia - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To prospectively review the extent and determinants of perinatal mortality (PNM), at a large Government referral teaching hospital in Karachi and to compare the rate with previous data. METHODS: One year study from 1st January to 31st December 2001 was carried out in the Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, ...
Hodgson Deborah M - - 2007
The health status of an individual in adulthood is proposed to be determined by events occurring in the prenatal and early postnatal period. A common early life event proven to have long lasting effects on the developing fetus is stress, including pain. Exposure of fetal and neonatal infants to repetitive ...
Adimora G N - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: This study was designed to determine the Perinatal Mortality Rate at the University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital (UNTH), Enugu, Nigeria at the end of the last millennium. There had been no comprehensive study on this since the inception of the institution in the early seventies. METHODS: A five-year retrospective, ...
- - 2007
OBJECTIVES: To characterize demographic, prenatal, and perinatal features of patients with infantile hemangiomas and to determine the importance of these factors in predicting rates of complication and treatment. STUDY DESIGN: We conducted a prospective study at 7 U.S. pediatric dermatology clinics. A consecutive sample of 1058 children, aged 12 years ...
Seffah J D - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To find out the incidence, indications and outcomes of emergency peripartum hysterectomy in the nulliparous woman. METHOD: Retrospective study at the Korle Bu Teaching Hospital in Accra, Ghana, between January 1995 and December 2003. RESULTS: During the eight-year study period there were 92,966 deliveries out of which 36,550 (39.5%) ...
MacDorman Marian F - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: This report presents 2003 fetal and perinatal mortality data by a variety of characteristics, including maternal age, marital status, race, Hispanic origin, and state of residence; and by infant birthweight, gestational age, plurality, and sex. Trends in fetal and perinatal mortality are also examined. METHODS: Descriptive tabulations of data ...
Chen Shih-Yu - - 2007
In Western developed countries, Listeria monocytogenesis not an uncommon pathogen in neonates. However, neonatal listeriosis has rarely been reported in Taiwan. We describe two cases collected from a single medical institute between 1990 and 2005. Case 1 was a male premature baby weighing 1558 g with a gestational age of ...
Connolly D J A - - 2007
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: We report abnormal high T2 signal intensity in the anterior lobe of the cerebellar vermis that we believe was the result of profound hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy in the perinatal period in term infants. We tested the hypothesis that this sign was associated with other signs of significant ...
van Elk C E - - 2007
Stillbirth and neonatal mortality are substantial problems in captive bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus). The cause of these problems often is unknown. We report a case of Escherichia coli septicemia in a male 3-day-old bottlenose dolphin calf. Lesions included omphalitis, synovitis, and hepatic necrosis associated with the presence of Gram-negative bacilli. ...
Moss John R - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Recommended best practice is that economic evaluation of health care interventions should be integral with randomised clinical trials. We performed a cost-consequence analysis of treating women with mild gestational diabetes mellitus by dietary advice, blood glucose monitoring and insulin therapy as needed compared with routine pregnancy care, using patient-level ...
Boffa M-C - - 2007
Perinatal thrombosis in infants born to mothers with antiphospholipid antibodies (aPL) is a rare event, but with risk of death or severe sequelae. We analysed 16 infants with such perinatal thrombosis reported in the literature in the last 20 years. Thromboses were arterial (13/16), mostly strokes (8/16). Hydrops fetalis with ...
Rahman A - - 2007
Perinatal depression, due to its high prevalence and associations with disability, poor infant development and family disruption, is a major public health problem in developing countries. In non-literate and poor communities where depression is not recognised and where there are no specialists, developing a culturally acceptable, deliverable psychological intervention that ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >