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Results 701 - 750 of 829
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Evans J R - - 1984
Although fetal or neonatal infection with Listeria monocytogenes is known to have a high mortality, the longterm morbidity is unknown. Clinical sequelae of fetal or neonatal listeriosis were studied in eight survivors of such infections at a mean age of 16 months corrected for prematurity. A developmental and health history ...
Lumley J - - 1983
A randomized clinical trial of once-weekly antenatal fetal heart rate monitoring in 539 high-risk patients could find no benefit of monitoring in terms of perinatal mortality, morbidity or Apgar score. The previously well-documented association between abnormal antenatal fetal heart rate traces and low Apgar score was confirmed. A detailed case ...
Keller C A - - 1983
An investigation of possible seasonal patterns in preterm delivery and perinatal mortality utilized linked birth, infant death, and fetal death records from Minnesota for the years 1967-1973. Data included over 400,000 white singleton live births and stillbirths of 29 or more weeks completed gestation. Composite monthly cohorts of ongoing pregnancies ...
Spitz A M - - 1983
The State of Georgia administers three publicly funded perinatal care programs for medically high risk and/or low-income women: the High Risk Pregnancy Program, the Medicaid Program, and the Maternal and Infant Care Projects. To assess the impact of these programs on infant health, we compared the birth weight distribution and ...
Crenshaw C C - - 1983
Modern-day perinatal care has resulted in dramatically improved outcomes of premature infants, particularly those weighing 750 to 1,500 gm or of 27 to 32 weeks' gestational age. Assuming that the birth is not traumatic, the infant asphyxiated, or made hypothermic at birth, the chances of the very small premature baby ...
Miller T C - - 1983
In conjunction with an active outreach program, a rural perinatal region of 18,000 deliveries was analyzed. All pregnancies which resulted in the delivery of live-born infants weighing 1,000 to 1,500 gm were reviewed for maternal/fetal risk and eventual neonatal outcome. Analysis included all mothers and infants cared for at regional ...
Heins H C HC - - 1983
A study was undertaken to determine whether newborn infants of women in a statewide high-risk program had less perinatal mortality and higher birth weight than newborn infants of high-risk women not in the program. The number of fetal and neonatal deaths was twice as high in the nonprogram group, but ...
Wilcox A J - - 1983
Perinatal mortality is closely related to birthweight. Hence the study of perinatal mortality requires a sound understanding of the influence of birthweight on perinatal mortality. This paper discusses one aspect of this problem--the frequency distribution of birthweight. This distribution is essentially Gaussian but with additional births in the lower tail. ...
- - 1983
Grief following perinatal loss is just as debilitating as that following the death of an older person and may not be completely resolved for years. The physician's role in assisting parents following perinatal loss is one of a sympathetic listener and compassionate informant, but each category of perinatal loss--miscarriage, stillbirth, ...
Shepherd R C - - 1983
During the first 12 years of operation the perinatal mortality rate in Paisley Maternity Hospital fell steadily from 27 per 1,000 in 1970 to 10 per 1,000 in 1981. During this period the nulliparous birth rate remained constant, but the parous birth rate fell. Improved survival of premature babies, falling ...
Andersen H M - - 1983
During the decade to 1979, 203 hydropic infants died in the State of Victoria, Australia. Non-immune hydrops fetalis (NIHF) became more common than immune hydrops fetalis as a cause of fetal hydrops, and its contribution to the total perinatal mortality increased from 0.1% to 3%. The perinatal mortality rate of ...
Woo J S - - 1983
Causes of perinatal mortality at Tsan Yuk Hospital, Hong Kong, were classified into 14 categories from the "P" list of stillbirths and neonatal mortality in the International Statistical Classification of Diseases, Injuries and Causes of Death. Trends for each category over the period 1970-1979 were examined by regression analysis. Overall ...
Hauth J C - - 1983
A prior report suggested that active-duty pregnant women are at increased risk for low-birth weight infants and a higher perinatal mortality rate. The present double-blind investigation was designed to prospectively evaluate that risk and to test the efficacy of 17 alpha-hydroxyprogesterone caproate to prevent reported complications. Three groups of active-duty ...
Mathers C D - - 1983
Analysis of births occurring in Australia during 1976-9 showed that they followed a seven-day cycle, being concentrated on Tuesdays to Fridays and least numerous on Sundays, which had 26% fewer births than expected. Stillbirth and neonatal death rates were 17% and 29% higher respectively among babies born at weekends than ...
Lee P Y - - 1983
The obstetric performance of adolescent primigravidae in a major metropolitan teaching hospital was analysed retrospectively and found to be similar, if not superior, to that of a control group of primigravidae. This was surprising in view of the late antenatal presentation of the adolescents and their smaller physique. More low ...
Hoskins E M - - 1983
One hundred six infants with birth weights less than or equal to 1,000 gm were born at a Perinatal Center in 1979 and 1980. Eighty-three (78%) were born to women transferred to the Center because of antenatal problems. The most common obstetric problem was premature labor with or without premature ...
DiNicola A F - - 1983
The progressive decrease in total body water (TBW) and sodium during the fetal-perinatal period; the normally noted 5-10 per cent largely water weight loss noted in term infants during the first 3-4 days postnatally; and, the even greater TBW and sodium losses incurred by premature infants during the initial post-natal ...
Vesselinovitch S D - - 1983
The mouse species is biologically characterized by a short gestation period that precludes completion of the intrauterine development before birth. Thus, in the mouse the late phase of intrauterine development is carried over into the postnatal age period. For this reason, we studied chemically induced hepatocarcinogenesis in B6C3F1 mice that ...
Lauener P A - - 1983
Subpartal and neonatal blood gas analyses have attracted increasing interest during the past 20 years. Different studies have been carried out to investigate the causes and immediate consequences of perinatal acidosis. It was the aim of this study to examine the long term outcome of acidotic-born babies. During 16 consecutive ...
Forbes J F - - 1982
An examination of the recent decline in perinatal mortality in Scotland during the 1970s showed that despite substantial changes in fertility and the demographic pattern of births, differences in the age, parity, and social class composition of the obstetric population in this decade accounted for just 7% of the overall ...
Abudu O - - 1982
Perinatal deaths in singleton births at the Lagos University Teaching Hospital during a 5-year period were reviewed. Causes of deaths were classified into eight groups using a modified form of the Aberdeen classification. Perinatal mortality was high (42.5/1000 total births). The stillbirth rate was 32.5/1000 total births. The major causes ...
Russell J - - 1982
Using the parliamentary 'Short Report' on perinatal and neonatal mortality as a focus for analysis, this paper attempts a critical examination of recent trends in perinatal health policy debate, and suggests a polemical explanation of such trends. The paper begins by outlining the major concerns of current debate and unravelling ...
Debruyne G - - 1982
Possible perinatal effects of elective cervical vibration during first-stage labor were studied in 20 subjects. Assessment of fetal status was based on biophysical and biochemical methods, whereas at birth the infant was evaluated clinically and biochemically. With the reservation required by the small sample it is concluded that cervical vibration ...
Foster F H - - 1982
Perinatal mortality in New Zealand decreased substantially during the 1970s. In 1979 it had fallen by five per 1000 to 12. The decrease applied to both high risk and low risk infants. The greater reductions occurred in infants born to mothers younger than 20 or older than 35, in infants ...
Knutzen V K - - 1982
We reviewed the records of all perinatal deaths that occurred at Mount Sinai Hospital, New York, from 1975 to 1978. The perinatal mortality rate was 20 per 1,000 births. Most potentially preventable perinatal deaths occurred in association with low birth weight. We noted that fetal deaths that occurred prior to ...
Ross S M - - 1982
Little has been published about the underlying disorders responsible for the high perinatal mortality rates found in African cities. We searched for answers by identifying the causes of fetal and neonatal death in Blacks living in and around Durban. A 91% autopsy rate was achieved when 506 postmortem examinations were ...
Kleinman J C - - 1982
Recent advances in perinatal medicine, together with the proliferation of regionalized perinatal networks, have increased the need for monitoring of trends and variations in birth weight-specific perinatal mortality rates. Since the United states has no national system of linked birth and death records, the only available method for comparing weight-specific ...
Erkkola R - - 1982
The perinatal mortality at University Central Hospital of Turku, Finland decreased significantly from 15.7/1000 in years 1970-75 to 8.9/1000 in years 1976-78. The main decrease has occurred in weight groups of 1000 g and more. In years 1976-78 the perinatal mortality of non-malformed babies in the weight group 1500-1999 g ...
Kass E H - - 1982
Excess perinatal morbidity and mortality continue to be major problems in developed and developing nations. Most perinatal deaths occur in infants born weighing less than 2500 g. Large expenditures of time, equipment, and personnel have led to striking reductions in neonatal mortality. However, rates of prematurity have not declined. Exploration ...
Knobloch H - - 1982
Neonatal mortality for 285 infants and developmental outcome for 158 infants with birth weights of 751 to 1,500 gm, born in the Capital Regional Perinatal Center between July 1975 and December 1979, were compared with the findings in 1952, in 1965 to 1967, and in 1968 to 1970. In the ...
Robinson M J - - 1982
The perinatal mortality rates of mothers who delivered at St. Thomas's Hospital from 1969 to 1976 have been examined. The rate in the West Indian population was significant higher than in the United Kingdom white population. The increased West Indian mortality was confined to infants with a birth weight of ...
- - 1982
In a confidential inquiry into perinatal deaths in the Mersey region in 1979 obstetric and paediatric assessors reviewed the circumstances surrounding each case in order to identify any avoidable factors contributing to the death. The area covered by the inquiry was determined by the mother's place of residence and related ...
Desgranges M F - - 1982
Four hundred and thirty four twins occurring in 220 women were studied during a period of 11 years (1969-1979) at Notre-Dame Hospital. Perinatal mortality (less than 28 days) was compared before and after 1974, and the impact of ultrasound technique upon perinatal outcome was assessed during the second period (1974-1979). ...
Selvaggi L - - 1982
The aim of this paper is to establish the exact incidence of risk in delivery as related to perinatal mortality rate. The entire 1976 Italian population was statistically sampled (latest data available), specifically enucleating the sanitary data reported in 1976 by ISTAT (National Institute of Statistics) for the various regions ...
Messinis I - - 1982
To clinical problems encountered in a group of 1.179 elderly primigravidas (greater than 35 years) during pregnancy, labor and the neonatal period were studied in an eleven-year review and compared to a randomised group of 66.819 pregnant women. The incidence of toxemia and fibromyomas was significantly higher in the group ...
Beneditti T J - - 1982
Ninety patients with severe preeclampsia were reviewed. There was one maternal mortality and two patients who developed pulmonary edema. The corrected perinatal mortality rate was 143/100. Epidural anesthesia did not adversely affect fetal outcome. Perinatal morbidity and mortality was mainly related to the development of neonatal respiratory distress syndrome (RDS). ...
Bowes W A WA - - 1981
Vital records data (1971 to 1978) were used to assess the change in neonatal and fetal mortality in Colorado in relationship to the regionalization of perinatal health care within the state. There has been a decrease in neonatal mortality rate from 13.4 to 6.9 during a period of time when ...
Dillon W P - - 1981
A 3-year experience during which fetal welfare was a major factor in the management of patients delivering between 24 and 27 weeks' gestation is presented. Sixty-two cases of women for whom prenatal assigned gestational age was between 24 and 27 weeks and who had a live fetus on admission were ...
Terrin M - - 1981
Perinatal mortality was examined in the Ontario Perinatal Mortality Study (1960 to 1961) subset of 31,788 births and perinatal deaths among English-speaking Canadian-born women. Overall perinatal mortality rose from 22.0 to 28.2 per 1000 if the mother smoked, a 27% increase. When perinatal mortality was computed in birth weight-specific groups ...
Stanley F J - - 1981
Examination of fertility rates among teenagers in Western Australia from 1968 to 1978 revealed a steady decline n the birth rate among older teenagers (16-19); a similar decline did not occur among girls under 16. an increasing proportion of teenage births is occurring to these young teenagers. Information obtained from ...
Seward J F - - 1981
Live births and stillbirths to Aboriginal and Caucasian mothers in the period from 1975 to 1978 were studied, using the Western Australian Midwives Notification of Birth forms, Perinatal Death Certificates and Hospital Morbidity data. Aboriginal mothers were younger, shorter, had higher fertility, and were more likely to be grand multiparae ...
Kundsin R B - - 1981
Perinatal morbidity and mortality are associated with colonization of the chorionic surface of the placenta by Ureaplasma urealyticum or Mycoplasma hominis or both. These organisms are more strongly associated with unfavourable gestational outcome than group B streptococci. Chlamydia trachomatis does not appear to be important in the etiology of reproductive ...
Clarke M - - 1981
The difficulty of designing prospective studies of perinatal death makes the case-control study a method of choice. The particular problems associated with the identification of risk factors, the definition and enumeration of cases, and the selection of live birth controls in such a study, undertaken on all perinatal deaths occurring ...
Omu A E - - 1981
Of 13,500 deliveries in a 6-year period, 326 cases of antepartum hemorrhage (2.4%) were encountered. Fifty-six (0.42%) of these patients had abruptio placentae while 130 (0.96%) had placenta previa. An inverse ratio of placenta previa and abruption placentae was observed in this study, which may be due to a racial ...
Stanley F J - - 1981
Trends in perinatal mortality and low birthweight (percentage of livebirths under 2500 g) were analysed in relation to certain social and biological variables. Mothers at high risk of adverse perinatal outcome in terms of perinatal mortality and low birthweight were found to be very young and grand multiparous mothers, old ...
Perkins R P - - 1981
A large retrospective study was conducted on babies weighing less than 2,001 gm over a 3-year period. The second half of the study period featured an intensive approach to the perinatal care of babies weighing less than 800 gm in particular. The obstetric and neonatal factors resulting in neonatal morbidity ...
Mutch L M - - 1981
A study of perinatal and neonatal mortality figures for all 36 810 infants born to Avon residents during 1976-9 reported by year of birth and in relation to birth weight, gestational age, and th presence of lethal malformation showed the need for reporting mortality data for normally formed infants weighing ...
Cremin B J - - 1981
A prospective study of 100 consecutive stillbirths/perinatal deaths was performed by routine radiography and subsequent autopsy. The object of the study was to correlate the clinical and the autopsy causes of death with any abnormal radiographic findings. A prime objective was to study the incidence of major skeletal abnormalities in ...
Stein H - - 1980
Preventable disease is still prevalent among the children of Soweto. However, as viewed from a hospital perspective, there have been substantial improvements in child health in this area. These improvements, in relation to overall paediatrics, apply in the areas of infant mortality, admissions and mortality due to malnutrition and gastro-enteritis, ...
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