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Results 601 - 650 of 832
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Moretti M - - 1988
The purpose of this clinical investigation was to determine the maternal and perinatal results of continuing pregnancy in 118 consecutive patients with premature rupture of the membranes at 16 to 26 weeks. The mean gestational age at diagnosis of premature rupture of the membranes was 23.1 +/- 2.7 weeks, with ...
Field D J - - 1988
The increasing influence of very immature infants on perinatal mortality rates (PMR) led us to question the usefulness of this parameter in assessing perinatal care. To examine this further we have compared the incidence of perinatal asphyxia amongst mature babies (greater than or equal to 35 weeks gestation) for two ...
Berg A T - - 1988
Data from 7-year-old children (n = 5363) enrolled prenatally during the 1960s in the Boston sector of the National Collaborative Perinatal Project (NCPP) have been used to study the associations of abnormal neurological findings at 7 years of age with gestational age, intrauterine growth-retardation (IUGR) and hypoxia-related perinatal stress. Among ...
Parazzini F - - 1988
In 1980, the ratio of home birth to public hospital perinatal and neonatal mortality rates decreased from Northern to Southern Italy, being inversely related to the proportion of home deliveries and probably reflecting the effect of planned versus unplanned home births. The post neonatal mortality rate in Southern Italy was ...
el-Zibdeh M Y - - 1988
The perinatal deaths of all singleton births that occurred at King Fahd Hospital of the University, Al-Khobar, Saudi Arabia during a 4-year period are analysed. The causes of death are classified into 12 groups using an extended modification of the Aberdeen classification. There were 165 perinatal deaths in 8057 singleton ...
Mwambingu F T - - 1988
A retrospective analysis of 646 Arab grandmultiparas who booked for hospital confinement between 1983 and 1985 was carried out. The results were compared with that of non-grandmultiparas during the same period. In the grandmultiparas, the incidences of gestational diabetes, hypertension rheumatic heart disease, antepartum, postpartum hemorrhage and macrosomic infants were ...
Mugford M - - 1988
Analysis of data about perinatal mortality and indicators of resources at maternity hospitals in the West Midlands region between 1977 and 1983 showed that paediatric staff ratios were inversely related to in-house mortality rates. In this paper, the outcomes for and resources used by transferred babies are added to those ...
Dickson N - - 1988
The use of a classification of the primary obstetric factors leading to death for all fetal and neonatal losses that occurred between 20 weeks gestation and 28 days after birth is described. This is defined as the 'total perinatally related loss', and is compared with the information obtained if enquiry ...
Golding J - - 1988
A large number of publications has reiterated the observation that perinatal mortality rates in Britain are higher among births in consultant units than among those occurring at home or in other units. In this paper we show that whereas these observations are themselves undeniable, the conclusion that hospital confinements are ...
Ashley D - - 1988
The Jamaican Perinatal Morbidity and Mortality Survey was conducted between September 1986 and August 1987. A total of 10,310 consecutive births were identified and mothers interviewed in the first 2 months (main cohort study), 1405 neonatal admissions were evaluated over a 6-month period (morbidity study), and 1855 perinatal deaths and ...
Valkenburg M H - - 1988
Between April 1, 1985, and April 1, 1986, four cases of perinatal listeriosis were reported at the Maastricht Academic Hospital. All cases were of the early-onset type. All mothers were admitted for pre-term labour between 28 and 33 weeks of gestation. Pre-natal symptoms included maternal fever, non-characteristic influenza-like manifestations, leucocytosis ...
Powers W F - - 1988
To assess the degree of perinatal regionalization, maternal and infant records were reviewed for all very low birth weight (501-1500 g) infants born in calendar years 1985-1986 to residents of the primarily rural North Central Perinatal Region of Illinois. Seventy-one percent of mothers who were expected to deliver in non-center ...
Kaplan B S - - 1988
Blyth and Ockenden [1971] assigned patients with autosomal recessive polycystic kidney disease (ARPCKD) to 4 discrete groups (perinatal, neonatal, infantile, juvenile) on the basis of the age of presentation. They and others speculated that at least 4 genes were responsible for what they considered to be closely related, but different ...
Mannino F - - 1988
Postterm gestation infants represent about 10% of the newborn population and, as compared to term gestation infants, have an increased incidence of perinatal and neonatal problems. Most postterm infants are normal appearing, although changes in the skin and a loss of subcutaneous fat occur in some. A smaller number experience ...
Laing I - - 1988
Using conventional criteria, a series of 26 infants was selected for intrapartum asphyxia from about 4000 deliveries over one year at a single hospital to assess the efficacy of a new biochemical method. Tissue damage was estimated from urinary excretion of hypoxanthine, an important and central intermediate in purine metabolism. ...
Paccaud F - - 1988
The analysis of the 220,540 births and 2152 perinatal deaths recorded in Switzerland between 1979 and 1981 showed a variation of perinatal mortality rates (PMR) according to the hour of birth. The PMR for babies born between 4 pm and 2 am was 12 per 1000, contrasting with a figure ...
Rosenthal N - - 1988
Previous studies have reported on the pathologic spectrum of perinatal mortality; however, in our opinion, the problems pertaining to the term newborn have not been emphasized sufficiently. We reviewed the autopsies of all term infants up to 2 months of age in a ten-year period (July 1975 to July 1985). ...
Parazzini F - - 1988
On the basis of the number of livebirths, stillbirths and deaths within the first year of life published annually by the Central Institute of Statistics and data on demographic, environmental variables, general indicators of health organization, and reproductive habits, the descriptive epidemiology of perinatal and infant mortality in Italy between ...
Stembera Z - - 1988
The computer laboratory of the Research Institute for the Care of Mother and Child in Prague performs annually a countrywide analysis of perinatal outcome in order to obtain a background for the preparation of the optimal strategy for improving perinatal care in CSR in the future. The total as well ...
Swailem A R - - 1988
Perinatal mortality was analyzed in infants to mothers who delivered at the main Maternity hospital in Riyadh and who represented a large proportion of the obstetric population in the city. The crude perinatal mortality rate was 39.8 per 1000 births. The birth weight-specific mortality rates were compared with the corresponding ...
Eden R D - - 1988
Using a 1982-1985 regional perinatal network data base of 69,746 infants, a retrospective study was conducted to compare the perinatal outcome of 7,729 postdate infants (greater than or equal to 42 weeks' gestation) by maternal risk status. Due to additional antenatal complications, of which 8.0% were hypertension and/or diabetes, 48.4% ...
Lawson G W - - 1987
A detailed analysis of perinatal deaths in 5 maternity hospitals in the Hunter Valley of N.S.W. was performed over a 2-year period to ascertain whether all such deaths were officially certified. There were 138 perinatal deaths identified, but of these, only 131 were registered with a medical certificate. The 7 ...
Combs-Orme T - - 1987
Despite a clear mandate and pressing social need, the social work profession has not adopted infant mortality as a clear priority in the 1980's. This failure to claim infant mortality as a professional priority occures in spite of evidence that the factors responsible for infant deaths may be especially appropriate ...
Eden R D - - 1987
A review of 46 perinatal deaths was conducted using a 1982 to 1985 regional perinatal network database of 6701 delivered postdate (greater than or equal to 42 weeks gestation) infants. Perinatal mortality (6.9 per 1000 births) increased as gestational age advanced beyond 42 weeks, and was higher in young teenagers ...
Lyon A J - - 1987
The majority of infants being delivered in the British Military Hospital, Hong Kong are of British, Chinese or Nepalese origin. This paper compares perinatal data from these three groups of mothers and their babies, and in particular looks at the variations in perinatal mortality rates over the 10 year period ...
Hunter A G - - 1987
Infantile neuroaxonal dystrophy (IND) is a well-established autosomal recessive neurodegenerative disease. Clinical signs generally begin toward the end of the first or during the second year of life. We are aware of at least 4 cases of pre- or perinatal onset of this condition, and report here on 2 brothers ...
Skjaerven R - - 1987
Perinatal mortality in sibships has been examined using the Medical Birth Registry of Norway. Using linear logistic regression, parity specific perinatal mortality in the period 1967-1981 has been analysed, controlling simultaneously for maternal age, year of birth and survival of earlier births. The risk of a perinatal loss was increased ...
Crowther C A - - 1987
There were 1,563 known perinatal deaths among 45,343 births during 1983 in the Greater Harare Obstetric Unit area. The perinatal mortality rate was 34.5/1,000 for infants weighing greater than or equal to 500 g, and 26.9/1,000 for infants weighing greater than or equal to 1,000 g. The perinatal mortality rate ...
Ohlsson A - - 1987
During 1980 to 1984, 279 deaths occurred among 15,306 births in a regional perinatal unit. Survival to discharge corrected for lethal malformations was 81% or better in infants with a birth weight above 749 gm. Congenital malformations (23.2%), infections (21.3%), asphyxia (19.8%), and hyaline membrane disease (11%) caused most perinatal ...
Eden R D - - 1987
A study of pregnancy outcome was performed using a 1982-1985 regional network database of 60,456 infants. The perinatal mortality rate was 15.6 deaths per 1,000 births (total, 942), while the antepartum, intrapartum and neonatal mortality rates were 5.3, 1.6 and 8.7, respectively. Seven hundred forty-three multiple gestation pregnancies (1.2%) and ...
Odendaal H J - - 1987
Delivery was delayed until 34 weeks in 129 patients with severe pre-eclampsia, unless the maternal or fetal conditions necessitated earlier delivery. No patient developed eclampsia although all sedation was terminated from 24 hours after admission until labour started, unless there was a sudden change in the patient's clinical condition. Of ...
Dowding V M - - 1987
There were 66,974 births at the three largest Dublin maternity hospitals in the years 1980-1982. Data on numbers of spontaneous and elective births, birthweight and perinatal mortality were analysed by day of the week. Perinatal mortality rates were highest on Wednesdays and Saturdays. The rate on Sunday was close to ...
Doornbos J P - - 1987
All 13 hospitals in the municipality of Amsterdam cooperated in this study; labor ward records for the years 1981 and 1982 were personally searched for cases of perinatal death that corresponded with the World Health Organization definitions of perinatal mortality, presently applied in The Netherlands. The 360 cases that had ...
Amon E - - 1987
Although there are excellent studies examining factors responsible for preterm delivery in general, there is a scarcity of data describing factors specifically associated with delivery of the immature newborn infant. Our purpose is to characterize these factors in order to determine what may be done to limit preterm delivery rate ...
Kirkwood J K - - 1987
The magnitude of perinatal mortality in 50 species of captive wild ungulates born at the Zoological Society of London's collections at Regent's Park and Whipsnade between 1975 and 1985 is reviewed. Thirty-five per cent of 2471 ungulates born during this 11 year period died before six months old and most ...
Tzoumaka-Bakoula C - - 1987
A nationwide cross-sectional survey covering the perinatal period was attempted throughout Greece for the 30 consecutive days of April 1983. It aimed to determine the perinatal mortality rate (PNMR) and the way it varied in the country in relation to underlying demographic, biological, socioeconomic and medical factors. For this purpose ...
Eden R D - - 1987
Using a regional perinatal network database of 60,456 births, a study compared 3457 postdate (42 weeks or longer) infants to a control group of 8135 infants born at 40 weeks' gestation from 1982 through 1985. Both patient groups included only uncomplicated pregnancies. Although the differences were small, women who delivered ...
Powers W F - - 1987
Very small babies born in tertiary centers fare better than outborn babies referred for tertiary care after birth. Viewing the 1001-1500 gm regional cohort of fetuses as a potential "market" for center delivery, and measuring a center's penetration into this market, quantitates how well a center draws to itself these ...
Opitz J M - - 1987
It seems evident that most of "humanity" dies before, not after birth and that perhaps only one-third survive from earliest beginnings until birth or the end of the first year of life. As many as 50% of all human ova may have a chromosome abnormality with over 99% mortality, making ...
Barros F C - - 1987
Perinatal, fetal and early neonatal mortality rates were determined in a population of 7392 babies born in hospitals in Pelotas (total population, 260 000) during 1982. These babies represented over 99% of all births in the city in that year. The perinatal mortality rate for singletons was 31.9 per 1000 ...
Parazzini F - - 1987
Trends in stillbirth rates, perinatal, neonatal and postneonatal mortality in Italy over the period 1955-84 were analyzed. There was a 75% reduction (from 28.4 to 7.1/1000 births) in stillbirth rates, and a nearly 70% fall (from 46.2 to 14.5/1000 births) in overall perinatal mortality (from the 180th day of pregnancy ...
Rip M R - - 1986
All births and perinatal deaths from Mitchell's Plain, Cape Town, during the first 8 months of 1985 were analysed. Out of a total of 4,228 liveborn infants 66.4% were delivered by the Peninsula Maternity and Neonatal Service (PMNS), while the remaining 33.6% were born to private patients. There was an ...
Domenighetti G - - 1986
An analysis of perinatal mortality by hour of birth among 10,059 births in Canton Ticino (Switzerland) during the years 1979-1982 showed that fewer births occurred at night than during the day. The variations in number of births by hour of birth were attributed to obstetric practices. The perinatal mortality rate ...
Hey E N - - 1986
It has been common practice in the United Kingdom for more than 30 years to classify perinatal deaths according to the maternal condition that initiated the events that led to death. However, such an approach tends to ignore the baby as an individual in his or her own right. The ...
Golding J - - 1986
The British Birth Survey included 98% of all deliveries in Great Britain in one week of April 1970. For this report, singleton births to 934 Single (never-married), 301 Once-married (widowed, separated or divorced) and 15 225 Married mothers were compared. After allowing for maternal age, parity and smoking history, there ...
Macfarlane A - - 1986
The standard format in which NHS regions are invited to submit data from their perinatal mortality surveys for comparative analysis in the British Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology is described. Some examples of the way these data can and will be used to compare regional differences in mortality patterns are ...
Cole S K - - 1986
Consultation between the clinicians and epidemiologists responsible for the Perinatal Mortality Surveys in Scotland and in the Northern Regional Health Authority in England showed that the classification of perinatal death introduced more than 30 years ago by Sir Dugald Baird still retained its utility, but that unintentional differences in the ...
Yu V Y - - 1986
The survival and neurodevelopmental outcome of 356 extremely preterm infants born at 23 to 28 weeks' gestation were reported by week of gestation. Their corrected 1 year survival improved from 7% at 23 weeks to 75% at 28 weeks. The overall incidence of impairment was 19% and of major disability ...
Raju T N - - 1986
The reporting practice of perinatal data of less than 500 gm is widely inconsistent. This is due mainly to the differences in reporting requirements and ambiguity in the definition of live births, stillbirths and abortions. To evaluate the magnitude a birthweight of less than 500 gm has on a regional ...
Rip M R - - 1986
An infant's weight at birth as well as its socio-economic environment are recognized as constituting two of the major risk factors associated with perinatal mortality. Spatial analyses of birth weight, socio-economic status and perinatal mortality in Metropolitan Cape Town for the year 1982 are presented in an attempt to assess ...
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