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Fauveau V - - 1990
Perinatal deaths, comprising stillbirths and deaths during the first week of life, were monitored over the eight-year period 1979 to 1986 in a rural Bangladeshi population of 196,000. The perinatal mortality rate was 75 per 1000 total births. The rate was 13% higher in males than females. Stillbirth and early ...
Samms-Vaughan M E - - 1990
The Jamaican Perinatal Survey included among its objectives the quantification of the island's neonatal mortality rate, the identification of the causes of these deaths (Wigglesworth Classification), and the determination of characteristics of both mother and infant that are associated with increased mortality. A death questionnaire was completed on babies who ...
Wong S S - - 1990
A simple random sample of 4498 Saudi pregnant women was analysed to study the effect of consanguinity on pregnancy outcome. The rate of consanguinity was found to be 54.3% which comprised 31.4% of first cousins and 22.9% of other relatives. The average proportion of outcome was higher and over 50% ...
Lawson G W - - 1990
A public comment to the effect that Holland has a superior perinatal mortality rate to that in Australia prompted an analysis of this proposition. In the region of Newcastle and The Hunter Valley of New South Wales, detailed information on perinatal mortality over a 5-year period (1983-1987) was available. The ...
Forbes K L - - 1990
Perinatal mortality reviews are a form of quality assurance, and the classification of perinatal mortality would be most useful if it assisted in strategies for prevention. Whilst the value of clinicopathological (autopsy) and separate neonatal classifications is recognized, the Whitfield classification, modified for Australian conditions and applied to 393 cases, ...
Mayfield J A - - 1990
We investigated the relation of hospital delivery volume and nursery technology level to perinatal outcome in 226,164 White singleton births in Washington State, 1980-83. Level III facilities (neonatal intensive care unit) were defined by the state licensing commission. We defined the Level II (intermediate) and Level I (normal newborn) facilities ...
Raleigh V S - - 1990
Perinatal and postneonatal mortality among immigrants to England and Wales from India, Pakistan and Bangladesh (Asians) for the years 1982-85 showed significant differences not only between the immigrant and indigenous populations, but also among the different groups from the Indian subcontinent. Compared with the perinatal mortality rate of 10.1 per ...
Theut S K - - 1990
This is a follow-up study of 25 middle-class, expectant, married couples who had experienced a perinatal loss (16 miscarriages, seven stillbirths, and two neonatal deaths) within the previous 2 years and who subsequently gave birth to a healthy child. The Perinatal Bereavement Scale (PBS) had been previously completed during the ...
Alisjahbana A - - 1990
The main objective of this prospective survey is to obtain more information on the natural history of pregnancy and its outcome, including low birth weights, and of the factors closely associated with it. During the survey period the birth rate was 40 per thousand and the perinatal death rate 48 ...
Odum C U - - 1990
Over a 10-year period, between 1st January 1977 and 31st December 1986, a total of 572 eclamptic patients were treated in the Lagos University Teaching Hospital (LUTH). Three hundred and eighty-four of these patients (66.4%) were pre-delivery eclamptics, while 188 (33.6%) were post-partum eclamptics. The great majority of these cases ...
Kirkup B - - 1990
The case notes relating to 75 of the 91 perinatal deaths of nonmalformed babies of birthweight greater than or equal to 2.5 kg born in the Northern Region in 1983 were examined. The major groups involved antepartum deaths of unknown cause (40%), and deaths due to intrapartum anoxia or trauma ...
Levin J B - - 1990
Year to year changes in perinatal mortality rates for small populations are difficult to interpret. Because local rates are based on small numbers of events, they are subject to apparently large fluctuations. A technique for analysing trends in mortality, for detecting changes in trends and comparing variations in trends between ...
Fenton A C - - 1990
OBJECTIVE: To examine how local attitudes to management of extreme preterm labour can influence data on perinatal mortality. DESIGN: One year prospective study in a geographically defined population. SETTING: The 17 perinatal units of Trent region. PATIENTS: All preterm infants of less than or equal to 32 weeks' gestation in ...
De Vore G R - - 1990
The purpose of this study was to determine whether there was a temporal association between the introduction of a Fetal Diagnostic and Treatment Center and changes in fetal mortality. Two consecutive 15-month pre-program periods (periods I and II) were compared with one 15-month post-program period (period III). The fetal death ...
Coard K - - 1990
Information was collected on 2,197 stillbirths and neonatal deaths on the island of Jamaica during the 12 month period September 1986 to August 1987 as part of the population based nationwide Jamaican Perinatal Morbidity and Mortality Survey. There were 14 cases of anencephalus giving an incidence of 0.26 per 1,000 ...
Gonen R - - 1990
Multifetal gestation is associated with increased frequency of maternal complications and higher perinatal morbidity and mortality. The need for contemporary data on the outcome of multifetal gestations is further underscored when selective reduction is considered. The present study details the obstetric management, neonatal outcome, and follow-up data of 24 triplet, ...
Martino P E - - 1990
The incidence of perinatal mortality in mink was investigated in commercial farms in Argentina. Of a total of 2122 kits, 548 of those that were born alive died within the first four weeks of life (25.8% mortality) and there were also 62 stillborn kits. Death resulted from a variety of ...
Moawad A H - - 1990
This prospective study assesses factors that contribute to perinatal mortality. The study population includes the 1362 perinatal deaths that occurred among 85,402 live births between 1983 and 1987 at hospitals of the University of Chicago Perinatal Network. After peer review of demographic, clinical, and pathologic data, each perinatal death was ...
Sood M - - 1990
The study was conducted on 350 babies born by caesarean section. There were 29 perinatal deaths among 350 births giving a gross perinatal mortality rate of 8.3 per 1000 live births. Corrected perinatal mortality rate was 7.1%. The stillbirth rate was 2%. It was high for cases of abruptio placentae, ...
Myers S A - - 1990
To obtain data regarding factors that influence perinatal mortality, a comprehensive perinatal mortality review project was prospectively developed and implemented. The resulting data cover a 21-month period and include all perinatal mortality at two perinatal centers and ten community hospitals. For each case an assessment of potential avoidability was made ...
Tomich P G - - 1990
In 1979, the State of Illinois legislated regionalization of perinatal care. Analysis of perinatal statistics from the Loyola University Perinatal Center from 1979 to 1986 supports: (1) increasing numbers of maternal and neonatal transports, with the number of maternal transports exceeding the number of neonatal transports since 1982; (2) increasing ...
Tzoumaka-Bakoula C - - 1990
Data from the Greek Perinatal Study in April 1983 revealed an excessively high perinatal mortality rate of 21.6 per 1,000 total births among singletons despite a low birthweight rate of only 4.5%. Comparison of perinatal mortality rates with Danish mortality rates in 1983, revealed the Greek rates to be three ...
Holst K - - 1990
This study describes the association of a risk factor model for complicated delivery, perinatal morbidity and perinatal mortality with each of various types of delivery complications, types of perinatal morbidity and causes of perinatal mortality. The material comprises a total cohort, 4,066 pregnant women with singletons in a Danish county, ...
Tzoumaka-Bakoula C - - 1989
STUDY OBJECTIVE: The objective was to test the hypothesis that easy access to sophisticated hospitals is associated with a reduction in perinatal mortality. DESIGN: The study was a nationwide questionnaire survey of a birth cohort. SUBJECTS: All deliveries greater than 500g weight of singleton live births and stillbirths occurring throughout ...
Wittekind C A - - 1989
From March 1, 1986 through February 28, 1989 inclusive there was a total of 8,319 births with a birth-weight of 500 g or more at Royal North Shore Hospital (RNS). Three hundred and sixty one births (4.3%) resulted from in-utero transfer of high risk pregnancies (IUT); the remainder were booked ...
Fliegner J R - - 1989
Perinatal mortality for multiple pregnancy remains at least 5 times the rate for singleton births. The major causes are neonatal deaths due to gross immaturity before 30 weeks' gestation, and stillbirths due to intrauterine growth retardation at all gestations, but especially after 32 weeks. Sixty four per cent of perinatal ...
Samueloff A - - 1989
A nationwide perinatal census was conducted in Israel, in which medical, social, ethnic and demographic information on all births that took place in Israel within a predefined 3-month period was collected. The present study is the first to include 22,814 births that took place in all the obstetric units in ...
Ruys J H - - 1989
Viability is the capability of the liveborn infant to survive without major handicaps. Although opinions differ in the Netherlands as to the justification of starting treatment in infants of less than 26 weeks gestation, our preliminary results indicate that mortality and major-handicap rate do not differ in infants of less ...
Keeling J W - - 1989
Three paediatric pathologists, one perinatal paediatrician, one obstetrician, and one epidemiologist separately used information collected on 239 babies in an attempt to validate the Wigglesworth classification of perinatal deaths. This was first done using clinical data only, then using the combination of clinical and gross necropsy findings and finally using ...
Wong V C - - 1989
A simple questionnaire was used to document basic information surrounding all perinatal deaths in Hong Kong. Coordinators were appointed for every maternity unit. Replies were sent by mail to the Obstetrical and Gynaecological Society. Using volunteer time and minimum budget, the data were collated and analyzed. The main causes of ...
Chitty L S - - 1989
We have analysed the cause of perinatal deaths in four hospitals in the North West Thames region over a six year period commencing January 1980. The Pakistani population had a significantly greater perinatal mortality rate (15.7/1000 births) than the Europeans (11.3/1000 births). This was due to an increased incidence of ...
van Roosmalen J - - 1989
Prolonged labour was the most frequent cause of perinatal death in a rural hospital in the south western highlands of Tanzania. After the introduction of an obstetric policy aiming to prevent prolonged labour by making use of the guidelines of the partogram, perinatal mortality was reduced from 71 to 39 ...
van Alten D - - 1989
Between 1969 and 1983 a group of 7980 pregnant women, booked consecutively at a practice of freestanding midwives in Wormerveer, the Netherlands, was studied. They gave birth to 8055 children. Perinatal mortality in the total group was low (11.1 per 1000) compared with national figures of 14.5 per 1000 between ...
Tjipta G D - - 1989
A retrospective study was conducted on babies born during January 1985 to December 1986 at Dr. Pirngadi Hospital Medan. The aim of this study was to evaluate perinatal mortality and morbidity, and various possible factors related to the subject matter. The main results can be summarized as follows: There were ...
Kee F - - 1989
Perinatal mortality in Northern Ireland has been declining over the last 30 years, but the factors which may account for this fall have not been clearly delineated. Crude perinatal mortality figures yield very little insight into the problem, and meaningful management statistics are urgently required if service performance is to ...
Gunn T R - - 1989
A review has been made of the outcome and efficiency of the obstetric and neonatal service, St Helen's Hospital, Auckland. In the last seven years there has been a 33% fall in perinatal mortality rates to 5.88 per 1000 births in 1987. The average perinatal death rate for Maori infants ...
Fung K P - - 1989
Despite limited health resources, the Chinese have achieved reasonably good perinatal and neonatal mortality rates comparable to those of many developed countries. China, Hong Kong and Singapore, areas with different socioeconomic structures, have shared the same favourable ethnic determinants of perinatal mortality. The Chinese have much lower incidence of very ...
Brion L P - - 1989
We reviewed 1552 admissions to a neonatal intensive care programme; seven, all with a birth weight less than 1500 g, developed early onset, non-oliguric hyperkalaemia (potassium concentration greater than 7.0 mmol/l). Although their perinatal variables were similar to those of a normokalaemic group, hyperkalaemic infants had a higher incidence of ...
Edebol-Tysk K - - 1989
The prevalence and origin of spastic tetraplegic cerebral palsy (TPL) was investigated in a population-based study from 15 Swedish counties and the city of Gothenburg. The series comprised 96 children and adolescents born in 1959-1978. The prevalence at the ages of 5-24 years was 8 per 100,000. The etiological analysis ...
Crowther C A - - 1989
During the 10-year period, 1975-1984, 105 triplet pregnancies were delivered at Harare Maternity Hospital, Zimbabwe, among 286,338 pregnancies in the Greater Harare Unit, giving an incidence of triplets of 1:2,727. The mean gestational age at delivery was 32.5 wk with 81 women (77.1%) delivering before 37 wk. Primigravidas delivered at ...
Crom D B - - 1989
From January 1962 to July 1988, 34 infants less than 29 days of age who had cancer were seen at St. Jude Children's Research Hospital (SJCRH). The malignancies in this group consisted of 19 neuroblastomas, 6 leukemias, 3 retinoblastomas, 2 Wilms' tumors, 2 melanomas, and 2 teratomas. Twenty-three patients (68%) ...
Sulyok E - - 1989
In this review an attempt has been made to summarize our current knowledge on the involvement of various endocrine systems in the adaptation of the neonate to extrauterine life. Clinical and experimental evidence has been provided to indicate the role of catecholamines, glucocorticoids, prostaglandins, vasopressin, endorphins and the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system ...
Pecorari D - - 1989
"Between 1964 and 1986 the number of births in Italy declined from over one million per year to little more than half a million per year. The perinatal mortality rate declined from 37.3/1,000 to 12.8/1,000. Using the year 1964 as [the] reference year, the total number of babies who were ...
Holst K - - 1989
In this study, antenatal risk factors (RF) predicting perinatal morbidity and mortality (PMM) were identified among 56 RFs defined by the Danish National Board of Health. The association with parity, age, social class, civil status, complicated delivery was also analysed. The RFs predicting complicated delivery have been described in Part ...
Vandenbussche P - - 1989
The use of routinely collected perinatal data allows calculation of health indicators at regional levels. It helps the health managers in making decisions and provides etiological clues for epidemiology. The information is more easily assimilated with the use of maps. In Belgium, the rates of perinatal mortality, low-birthweight and preterm ...
Skjaerven R - - 1988
The effect of marital status on perinatal mortality is studied for births in Norway, 1967-1981, in terms of relative risk (RR) of unmarried vs. married mothers. The births were linked in units of sibships. At first birth, RR decreased from 1.86 in 1967-1971 to 1.32 in 1977-1981. At second birth ...
de Costa C - - 1988
A sample of 400 Lebanese-born women who gave birth at Auburn District Hospital in 1987-1988 was compared with a sample of 400 Australian-born women who gave birth in the same time period. The Lebanese-born women were found to be older and of higher parity than were their Australian-born counterparts; and ...
el-Shafei A M - - 1988
A review of 583 perinatal deaths at the Ministry of Health hospitals in Bahrain, during the years 1985-1987 revealed a perinatal mortality rate of 19.6 per 1,000 total births. Lethal congenital malformations accounted for 145 (24.9%) deaths. Of the 438 normally formed infants there were 42.2% antepartum, 115 (26.3%) intrapartum ...
Marlow N - - 1988
Using clinical factors, the probabilities of survival with and without major handicap were separately calculated by multiple logistic regression for 988 children who weighed 2000 g or less at birth and who were born in the period 1976-1980. For survivors weighing 501-1250 g in whom incidence of serious handicap was ...
Wennergren M - - 1988
Obstetric and neonatal performance were analyzed in an ultrasound-dated small for gestational age (SGA) population from 1982-1985. Eighty-three percent of 160 SGA infants were identified antenatally by means of intrauterine growth retardation (IUGR) risk scoring, and the pregnancies were supervised at a high-risk clinic. Fifty percent were delivered electively, predominantly ...
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