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Arumugam K - - 1993
National data show that the perinatal mortality amongst the Malays is higher than that of the Chinese but less than that of the Indians. These figures include data from both urban and rural areas. In the University Hospital, Kuala Lumpur, however, the perinatal mortality amongst the Malays was found to ...
Beachy P - - 1992
Sixty-eight kidnappings of newborns were reported between 1983 and 1991 in the United States. Assessing perinatal units for areas of vulnerability and addressing identified problems can improve security. Strategies to increase the safety of neonates, including understanding the profile of the potential kidnapper, reviewing common methods of abducting infants, developing ...
Raghuveer G - - 1992
Out of a total of 4572 births over a period of 16 months occurring at St Philomena's Hospital, Bangalore, India, which has level II nursery facilities, there were 196 perinatal deaths. Perinatal mortality was 42.9/1000 total births. Case fatality rate was 12.4% for those born with a birthweight between 1501 ...
Mirmiran M - - 1992
The development of circadian rhythms and the neuronal mechanisms underlying their generation (particularly the suprachiasmatic nucleus of the hypothalamus) were reviewed. Based on perinatal animal studies and data from human foetuses and/or preterm infants it was concluded that human circadian rhythms are present as early as at 30 weeks of ...
Fakeye O - - 1992
Among 2,865 consecutive singleton deliveries at Ilorin, Nigeria, high-risk pregnancies classified as too young, 206 (7.2%); too old, 74 (2.6%); too many, 234 (8.2%): too frequent, 216 (7.5%); and two or more variables 283, (9.8%) accounted for a total of 1013 (33.9%) deliveries. Low birth weight infants are significantly more ...
Zhang J - - 1991
The incidence of, and risk factors associated with, perinatal mortality in Shanghai during 1986-1987 are examined using data from a multi-site study conducted in 29 hospitals. The overall perinatal mortality rate was 14.96 per 1000 births. The mortality rates of antepartum fetal death, intrapartum fetal death and early neonatal death ...
Biro M - - 1991
OBJECTIVE: To review the safety of team midwifery care, in terms of perinatal mortality, for pregnant women assessed at their first visit as being at low risk of complications. DESIGN: A cohort study. SETTING: Team midwifery unit (Birth Centre) in a tertiary hospital. PATIENTS: All women who made a booking ...
Cordero L - - 1991
The number of incarcerated women is increasing, thus pregnancy in prison is no longer uncommon. We reviewed the perinatal outcome of 53 women with short-term incarceration (fewer than 90 days) and of 53 women who experienced long-term incarceration (more than 120 days). Poor prenatal care, history of drug abuse, hepatitis, ...
Dommisse J J Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University of Cape - - 1991
A detailed analysis of 854 perinatal deaths according to both fetal and obstetric cause is presented. The ratio of stillbirths to neonatal deaths was 2.3:1. Almost 25% occurred in unbooked mothers. The major problems identified were preterm labour, unexplained stillbirth, abruptio placentae, infection, and protein-uric hypertension.
Richards D - - 1991
Rising infant mortality rates have focused increased attention on the need for comprehensive perinatal education. But because there is a great deal of information to be taught, topics probably will be omitted or presented at a time when the childbearing family is least receptive to them. Timely and comprehensive perinatal ...
Sarkar C S - - 1991
During the period of study of 3 years (1985-1987), 4698 (18.68%) cases of labour in teenage mothers were recorded out of a total of 25,142 deliveries in the obstetric unit. Preponderance of primigravida (76.6%) and cases from rural areas (51.3%) were recorded. Antenatal care was nil or inadequate in 48.6% ...
Driscoll S G - - 1991
Placental examination has been proved to be of clinical value in cases selected because of gestational complications, unusual disorders of mother or infant, perinatal death, problems in perinatal diagnosis, and multiple pregnancy. Ten percent to 15% of births meet these criteria for selection. Causes of perinatal death, such as placental ...
Gama L T - - 1991
Information on causes of mortality to 8 wk weaning for 16,881 lambs of 10 line-breed groups by 594 sires born over a 5-yr period was analyzed by least squares procedures to estimate sire variance and covariance components within line and year-season. Heritability estimates were approximately 5% for total mortality in ...
Gama L T - - 1991
Sources of individual plus maternal effects on lamb mortality were studied in data collected at the U.S. Meat Animal Research Center from 1980 to 1985 for paternal and maternal breeds lambing yearly and for maternal breeds lambing at 8-mo intervals. Records included 16,881 lambs born. Breeds included were Finnsheep (F), ...
Korejo R - - 1991
During the one year period from 1st January to 31st December, 1989, there were 6,826 deliveries and 695 perinatal deaths, of these 553 were still-born and 142 were neonatal deaths (died within 7 days of birth). The perinatal mortality rate was 101.8 per thousand total births. The still-birth rate was ...
Roopnarinesingh S - - 1991
A five-year record review was undertaken for all babies with a diagnosis of foetal macrosomia. The perinatal mortality rate of 23 per 1,000 total births was similar to the overall hospital rate. Neonatal morbidity was significant, and the most important contributory factor to foetal injury was impaction of the shoulders ...
Fukushima M - - 1991
The neonatal mortality rate has so far been used as the most reasonable risk indicator of pregnancy outcomes in a community. This rate, however, has decreased considerably, and a new indicator is required. The proportions of pre-term infants, infants with foetal growth retardation and high-risk infants were defined on the ...
Mimouni F - - 1991
This review addresses recent developments in the field of perinatal magnesium (Mg) metabolism. After a brief review of perinatal Mg physiology, it critically addresses the issue of possible teratogenicity of Mg deficiency; maternal hypermagnesaemia and its effects on pregnancy, the fetus, and the newborn; the role of Mg in neonatal ...
Tew M - - 1991
Analysis of national perinatal statistics from Holland, 1986, demonstrates that for all births after 32 weeks' gestation mortality is much lower under the non-interventionist care of midwives than under the interventionist management of obstetricians at all levels of predicted risk. This finding confirms with great authority the conclusions of all ...
Grzybowski S C - - 1991
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether a small, isolated hospital that has no facilities to perform cesarean section and handles fewer than 50 deliveries annually can provide acceptably safe obstetric and perinatal care. DESIGN: Cohort study. SETTING: Southern region of the Queen Charlotte Islands, BC, served by a 21-bed hospital and medical ...
Wilkins-Haug L - - 1991
Toxic vapor abuse during pregnancy was found to be associated with increased maternal and fetal morbidity. Toluene-induced renal tubular acidosis occurred in over half of these women and was clustered among long-duration abusers. The renal acidosis placed the mother at risk for hypokalemia, with associated cardiac dysrhythmias and rhabdomyolysis. Beta-mimetics ...
Ignatyeva R K - - 1991
While preparing the Ninth Revision of the International Classification of Diseases, Injuries and Causes of Death (1970-1975), the World Health Organisation sought ways of improving the accuracy of statistics of perinatal mortality. A new Certificate of Cause of Perinatal Death, developed for use in all regions of the USSR and ...
Bai N S - - 1991
Perinatal mortality rate was assessed for 13964 consecutive births in SAT Hospital, Trivandrum, South India, during a period of one year. The overall perinatal mortality rate was 42.75, stillbirth rate 24.41 and early neonatal mortality rate 18.79. The perinatal mortality rate in multiple pregnancy was 156.65. Preventable causes of perinatal ...
Gellin B G - - 1991
To determine the morbidity and mortality due to listeriosis in the United States, the authors undertook an active surveillance project in 1986 to identify all cases in which Listeria monocytogenes was isolated from cultures of ordinarily sterile sites in a population of 34 million persons. The authors estimated that at ...
Singh M - - 1991
A total of 7109 consecutive births were studied over four years to assess perinatal and neonatal mortality. The extended perinatal mortality rate was 57 while conventional perinatal mortality rate (PNMR) was 41 per 1000 total births. Perinatal hypoxia (28.7%), immaturity (24.8%), congenital malformations (14.6%) and infections (5.6%) accounted for most ...
Campbell M K - - 1991
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether perinatal care in southwestern Ontario is regionalized, to identify trends over time in referral patterns, to quantify trends in perinatal death rates and to identify trends in perinatal death rates that give evidence of regionalization. DESIGN: Cohort study. SETTING: Thirty-two hospitals in southwestern Ontario (1 level ...
Bentham G - - 1991
Previous studies have concluded that radioactive fallout from Chernobyl may have caused an increase in perinatal mortality in West Germany and the U.S.A. The existence of marked geographical variations in contamination from Chernobyl in England and Wales provides an opportunity to investigate this question further by means of a geographical ...
Otesile E B - - 1991
A study was conducted on the incidence of perinatal lamb mortality with extension up to 30 days of age (PMR 30) in West African Dwarf sheep in Ibadan, Nigeria, over a three year period. An overall PMR 30 of 19.9% was recorded. This consisted of an abortion rate of 3.0%, ...
Lardelli P - - 1991
The national infant, neonatal, postneonatal and perinatal mortality in Spain does not reflect the differences which exist among regions. The aim of the present study is to demonstrate and to quantify these differences, as well as their annual trends. We have also attempted to define groups of regions presenting similar ...
Philips J B - - 1991
Perinatal asphyxia is a common and potentially serious problem in the management of labor and delivery. Severe perinatal asphyxia can cause significant short- and long-term sequelae. While the pathophysiology and sequelae of perinatal asphyxia in animals is understood fairly well, asphyxiation cannot be reliably prevented or effectively treated once it ...
Alto W A - - 1991
Certain linguistic groups in the Southern Highlands of Papua New Guinea are unique in that there is no cultural role for a traditional birth attendant and, therefore, women deliver alone unattended. A programme to train village women as midwives was begun at Nipa Health Centre im 1981 and later expanded ...
Nadra L - - 1991
Amniotic fluid infection results in considerable pregnancy wastage in the second and early third trimesters. In our study of 1119 perinatal autopsies amniotic sac infection was associated with death in 133 fetuses and neonates in midgestation. These cases accounted for almost 12% of all perinatal autopsies and for 20% of ...
Granja A - - 1991
During recent years, the observed rise of the CS rate (17% in 1989) led the medical staff of the Maputo Central Hospital to consider the opportunity of admitting to trial of labour selected pregnant patients following one previous CS. The present study retrospectively evaluates maternal and fetal outcome following the ...
Pascual-Morenilla M T - - 1992
The floor of the fourth ventricle is generally believed to show basically adult morphological characteristics in man by the perinatal period. This descriptive study and statistical analysis of 163 brainstems from human fetuses and neonates demonstrates that in this period, the floor of the fourth ventricle presents a series of ...
Pisacane A - - 1991
Perinatal deaths occurring in the Campania region of southern Italy in 1982 were analysed. The perinatal mortality rate was 17.6 per thousand (stillbirth rate 8.3, early neonatal mortality rate 9.3). Compared with Swedish data, our deaths excess does not seem attributable to an unfavourable birthweight distribution, but to high birthweight ...
Mavalankar D V - - 1991
To estimate levels and determinants of perinatal mortality, we conducted a hospital-based surveillance and case-control study, linked with a population survey, in Ahmedabad, India. The perinatal mortality rate was 79.0 per 1000, and was highest for preterm low-birth-weight babies. The case-control study of 451 stillbirths, 160 early neonatal deaths and ...
Bundey S - - 1991
A prospective study of 4934 babies of different ethnic groups has confirmed the high perinatal mortality rate for Pakistanis and has shown that this was not due to a reluctance to terminate a fetus who is known to be seriously malformed. The major cause of early mortality was a high ...
Lumbiganon P - - 1990
The accuracy of perinatal and infant mortality rates in most developing countries is questionable. We measured perinatal and infant mortality rates in a rural district of Thailand and compared them with the official statistics to assess accuracy. All births and infant deaths in a rural district of Thailand over a ...
de Caunes F - - 1990
In 1983, we implemented an ongoing perinatal mortality audit in Guadeloupe to identify factors underlying the current level of poor perinatal outcome and to stimulate increased provider motivation. The audit was part of an active research approach to document the specific nature of the perceived perinatal health problem, to modify ...
Hogston P - - 1990
The pregnancy outcome of 16,971 women carrying 17,352 living fetuses after 16 weeks gestation was studied. As well as recording perinatal deaths, all losses before 28 weeks and up to one year after delivery were recorded to give a total perinatal wastage rate of 21.6 per 1000 fetuses alive at ...
Coggon D - - 1990
To explore the relation between environmental influences in early life and risk of cardiovascular disease in adulthood, case-control comparisons were made on 99 patients with acute myocardial infarction and 55 patients with recent hemisphere stroke. After allowance for smoking habits and current social class, risk of myocardial infarction was higher ...
Schulman H - - 1990
During the past 8 years, there have been more than 300 articles published describing Doppler studies in the field of obstetrics. This review will analyze the data dealing with the umbilical and uteroplacental circulation. This is being done with the goal of formulating an opinion of the role of Doppler ...
Seidman D S - - 1990
This population-based study examined whether the neonatal outcome of primiparae is determined by maternal age or by her socioeconomic background. Data on all births in Israel during a three-month period was made available from a nation-wide census. Primiparae 30 years of age or older had a significantly (P less than ...
Piper J M - - 1990
In a recent effort to lower the US infant mortality rate, Congress has expanded the Medicaid coverage options that states may offer pregnant women. Careful evaluation of changes in perinatal outcome associated with this expanded coverage is needed. The linkage of Medicaid enrollment files of mothers and infants to birth, ...
Woollen N - - 1990
Chlamydia psittaci was believed responsible for an episode of high perinatal death loss in a swine herd in which 8.5 pigs per litter normally were weaned. In this episode, 18 sows produced 186 pigs, with 50 survivors. Chlamydia was found in tissue samples, and other bacterial or viral pathogens could ...
Major C A - - 1990
A retrospective study of 70 patients with preterm premature rupture of membranes before 26 weeks of gestation was performed. The purpose of this study was to examine the perinatal outcome and the potential maternal and neonatal morbidity associated with this obstetric condition. The mean gestational age at diagnosis of rupture ...
Sangala V - - 1990
OBJECTIVE: To determine the perinatal mortality rate among normally formed, singleton babies with birth weights greater than or equal to 2500 g in Bath health district based on the intended place of delivery at the time of onset of labour or at the time of diagnosis of intrauterine death. DESIGN: ...
Fauveau V - - 1990
Perinatal deaths, comprising stillbirths and deaths during the first week of life, were monitored over the eight-year period 1979 to 1986 in a rural Bangladeshi population of 196,000. The perinatal mortality rate was 75 per 1000 total births. The rate was 13% higher in males than females. Stillbirth and early ...
Samms-Vaughan M E - - 1990
The Jamaican Perinatal Survey included among its objectives the quantification of the island's neonatal mortality rate, the identification of the causes of these deaths (Wigglesworth Classification), and the determination of characteristics of both mother and infant that are associated with increased mortality. A death questionnaire was completed on babies who ...
Wong S S - - 1990
A simple random sample of 4498 Saudi pregnant women was analysed to study the effect of consanguinity on pregnancy outcome. The rate of consanguinity was found to be 54.3% which comprised 31.4% of first cousins and 22.9% of other relatives. The average proportion of outcome was higher and over 50% ...
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