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Nabongo Patrick - - 2014
As part of site development for clinical trials in novel TB vaccines, a cohort of infants was enrolled in eastern Uganda to estimate the incidence of tuberculosis. The study introduced several mortality reduction strategies, and evaluated the mortality among study participants at two years. The specific of objective of this ...
Vreeswijk Charlotte M J M CM a Department of Developmental Psychology , Tilburg University , Tilburg , The - - 2014
Studies investigating fathers' roles in child development have focused on a range of different aspects. However, few studies have focused on the early father-infant relationship, which already emerges before the child is born. The aim of this study is to examine the concordance of fathers' representations of their children during ...
Muscat Tracey T School of Psychology and Counseling and Institute for Health and Biomedical Innovation, Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane, QLD, - - 2014
Young infants may have irregular sleeping and feeding patterns. Such regulation difficulties are known correlates of maternal depressive symptoms. Parental beliefs about their role in regulating infant behaviors also may play a role. We investigated the association of depressive symptoms with infant feeding/sleeping behaviors, parent regulation beliefs, and the interaction ...
Perrin Eliana M EM Department of Pediatrics, School of Medicine, - - 2014
To examine parental reports of feeding and activity behaviors in a cohort of parents of 2-month-olds and how they differ by race/ethnicity. Parents participating in Greenlight, a cluster, randomized trial of obesity prevention at 4 health centers, were queried at enrollment about feeding and activity behaviors thought to increase obesity ...
Flykt Marjo - - 2014
Parent-child relationship is created already in prenatal fantasies and expectations of the child-to-be. Negative violation of these expectations after the child is born is known to be harmful for the parent-child relationship. Yet, research is scarce about the medical and psychological factors contributing to violated expectations (VE). This study models ...
Lemos Letícia Vargas Freire Martins LV Universidade Estadual Paulista ?Júlio de Mesquita Filho?, São José dos Campos, SP, - - 2014
Objective : To analyze the interference of age in the entrance into a public dental care program for infants as well as family behavioral aspects about tooth decay experience in children 0 to 4 years old. Methods : Cross-sectional study involving 465 children who were divided into 3 groups: infants ...
Mah Beth L BL Mothers and Babies Research Centre, Hunter Medical Research Institute, NSW, Australia; Parent and Infant Mental Health Service, Wallsend, NSW, - - 2014
Successful parenting requires maternal behaviors that promote infant survival such as protection from predators. In animal studies, oxytocin (OT) has been linked to maternal aggression to protect offspring. No human study has explored this topic. Mothers with a diagnosis of postnatal depression (PND) are at higher risk of neglecting their ...
Welander Adina A *Clinical Epidemiology Unit, Department of Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden †Div. of Pediatrics, Linköping University, and University Hospital, Östergötland County Council, Linköping, Sweden ‡Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Örebro University Hospital & Örebro University, Örebro, Sweden §Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, United Kingdom ||Department of pediatrics, Örebro University Hospital, Örebro, - - 2014
Both breastfeeding duration and age at gluten introduction have been implicated in the pathogenesis of celiac disease (CD). We hypothesized that parental CD affects the feeding pattern of the offspring, mediated by parental health awareness increasing adherence to infant feeding guidelines. Prospectively collected infant feeding data were obtained through the ...
Webb Sara Jane SJ University of Washington , Seattle, WA , - - 2014
Abstract The first Autism Research Matrix (IACC, 2003) listed the identification of behavioural and biological markers of risk for autism as a top priority. This emphasis was based on the hypothesis that intervention with infants at-risk, at an early age when the brain is developing and before core autism symptoms ...
Colen Cynthia G CG Department of Sociology, Ohio State University, United States. Electronic address: - - 2014
Breastfeeding rates in the U.S. are socially patterned. Previous research has documented startling racial and socioeconomic disparities in infant feeding practices. However, much of the empirical evidence regarding the effects of breastfeeding on long-term child health and wellbeing does not adequately address the high degree of selection into breastfeeding. To ...
Riva Crugnola Cristina C Department of Psychology, University of Milano-Bicocca, Milan, Italy. Electronic address: - - 2014
Early motherhood is considered a risk factor for an adequate relationship between mother and infant and for the subsequent development of the infant. The principal aim of the study is to analyze micro-analytically the effect of motherhood in adolescence on the quality of mother-infant interaction and emotion regulation at three ...
Clutterbuck Stephanie S Centre for Behaviour and Evolution, Institute of Neuroscience, Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne, United - - 2014
Women experiencing greater childhood adversity exhibit faster reproductive trajectories. One possible psychological mechanism underlying this phenomenon is an increased interest in infants. Interest in infants is thought to be an adaptation important for successful rearing as it motivates the acquisition of caretaking skills. We investigated the relationships between childhood adversity, ...
Goyal M M Department of Paedodontics and Preventive Dentistry, SGT Dental College, Hospital and Research Institute, Budhera, 122505, Gurgaon, - - 2014
Newborns with cleft palate have a distorted maxillary arch at birth. Depending upon the type of cleft, infants suffer from a variety of problems, many of which are related to feeding difficulties. Feeding these babies is an immediate concern because there is evidence of delayed growth of children with cleft ...
Adedini Sunday A SA * Demography and Population Studies Programme, Schools of Public Health and Social Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South - - 2014
Summary There are substantial regional disparities in under-five mortality in Nigeria, and evidence suggests that both individual- and community-level characteristics have an influence on health outcomes. Using 2008 Nigeria Demographic and Health Survey data, this study (1) examines the effects of individual- and community-level characteristics on infant/child mortality in Nigeria ...
Ahmed Salwa F SF From the *United States Naval Medical Research Unit No.3; †Ministry of Health and Population, Cairo, Egypt; ‡Rotavirus Vaccine Program, PATH, Seattle WA; and §MRC Diarrhoeal Pathogens Research Unit, MEDUNSA Campus, University of Limpopo, Pretoria, South - - 2014
Before the introduction of rotavirus vaccine in Egypt, information on the burden of disease and the circulating rotavirus genotypes is critical to monitor vaccine effectiveness. A cohort of 348 Egyptian children was followed from birth to 2 years of age with twice-weekly home visits to detect diarrheal illness. VP7 and ...
Brown Amy A Department of Public Health and Policy Studies, Swansea University, Swansea, United - - 2014
Popular parenting literature promotes different approaches to caring for infants, based around variations in the use of parent-led routines and promoting infant independence. However, there is little empirical evidence of how these early behaviours affect wider parenting choices such as infant feeding. Breastfeeding often requires an infant-led approach, feeding on ...
Yago Satoshi S Graduate school of Health Care Sciences, Child and Family Nursing, Tokyo Medical and Dental - - 2014
The aim of this study was to compare father-infant interaction with mother-infant interaction, and explore differences and similarities between parents. Related factors for quality of father-infant interaction were also examined. Sixteen pairs of parents with infants aged 0 to 36 months were observed for play interaction between parents and their ...
Brown Hilary K HK Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, The University of Western Ontario, London, Canada, Children's Health Research Institute, London, Canada, Department of Paediatrics, The University of Western Ontario, London, Canada and Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, The University of Western Ontario, London, - - 2013
The aim of this study was to elucidate the role of gestational age in determining the risk of neonatal morbidity among infants born late preterm (34-36 weeks) and early term (37-38 weeks) compared with those born full term (39-41 weeks) by examining the contribution of gestational age within the context ...
Munywoki Patrick K PK KEMRI - Wellcome Trust Research Programme, Kilifi, - - 2013
Background. Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) vaccine development for direct protection of young infants faces substantial obstacles. Assessing the potential of indirect protection using different strategies such as targeting older children or mothers requires knowledge of the source of infection to the infants.Methods. We undertook a prospective study in rural Kenya. Households with ...
Ladewig Emma L EL Department of Public Health and Primary Care, Trinity College Dublin, , Dublin, - - 2013
Historically, breastfeeding rates in Ireland have been low compared with international averages. It has been suggested that maternal ethnicity and citizenship may influence breastfeeding rates, with ethnic minorities thought more likely to breast feed. The aim of this study is to investigate the association among maternal citizenship, ethnicity, birthplace and ...
Doamekpor Lauren Abla - - 2013
Infant mortality is the most widely used indicator of a nation's health status and is associated with a plethora of maternal and socioeconomic factors. Although the association between young and old maternal age and the risk of infant mortality is well established, the link between paternal age and birth outcomes ...
Shumey Ashenafi - - 2013
Exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) for the first six months of life is critical for the wellbeing of the child. In the mean while, timely initiation and starting nutritionally-adequate, safe, age-appropriate complementary feeding at six months is recommended for the better health and development of infants. According to the Ethiopian Demographic and ...
Bornstein Marc H - - 2013
Is it always or necessarily the case that common and important parenting practices are better, insofar as they occur more often, or worse, because they occur less often? Perhaps, less is more, or some is more. To address this question, we studied mothers' microcoded contingent responsiveness to their infants (M ...
Goyal Neera K NK MSc, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, Department of Pediatrics, 3333 Burnet Ave, ML# 7009, Cincinnati, OH 45229. - - 2013
Home visiting programs seek to improve care management for women at high risk for preterm birth (<37 weeks). Our objective was to evaluate the effect of home visiting dosage on preterm birth and small for gestational age (SGA) infants. Retrospective cohort study of women in southwest Ohio with a singleton ...
Fan Angela P - - 2013
Existing theories suggest that the mother-infant relationship has a potentially significant effect on long-term adult mental health, but there are few empirical data to support this view. Even fewer prior studies have examined the specific dynamics of the mother-infant relationship and their association with adult mental health. A total of ...
Putnam-Hornstein Emily - - 2013
To examine whether infants reported for maltreatment face a heightened risk of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) and other leading causes of sudden unexpected infant death (SUID). Linked birth and infant death records for all children born in California between 1999 and 2006 were matched to administrative child protection data. ...
Khanal Vishnu - - 2013
Exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) for the first six months can have a significant impact on reducing child morbidity and mortality rates. The objective of this study was to compare the determinants of and trends in EBF in infants <=5 months from the 2006 and 2011 Nepal Demographic and Health Surveys. Data ...
Dani Carlo - - 2013
Insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1) and IGF-binding protein-3 (IGFBP-3) play a main role in the pathogenesis of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP). Fresh-frozen plasma (FFP) from adult donors may be an actual source of IGF-1 and IGFBP-3 because it contains higher concentrations. The objective was to evaluate whether FFP transfusions can ...
Youngblut Joanne M - - 2013
BACKGROUND:After a child's death, parents may experience depression, posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and increased risk for cancers, diabetes, psychiatric hospitalization, and suicide. Racial/ethnic differences are unknown. This longitudinal study investigated health and functioning of Hispanic, black, and white parents through 13 months after NICU/PICU death.METHODS:Parents (176 mothers, 73 fathers) of ...
Brosens Ivo - - 2013
We elaborate on a new theory to explain pelvic endometriosis, including endometriosis in premenarcheal girls, based on the finding that the neonatal endometrium can display secretory activity immediately after birth and, in some cases, changes analogous to those seen at menstruation in adults. The neonatal uterus is therefore capable of ...
Verhage Marije L - - 2013
Infant temperamental characteristics have been found associated with decreasing parenting self-efficacy (PSE) during the first year after birth, which has been generally interpreted as a child effect on the parent. To test direction of effects, PSE was assessed during the third trimester of pregnancy and twice after birth together with ...
Martins Eunice Francisca - - 2013
to analyze the social inequalities in the distribution of perinatal mortality in Belo Horizonte. the perinatal deaths of residents in Belo Horizonte in the period 2003 to 2007 were studied on the basis of the Information Systems on Mortality and Newborns. The space analysis and the Health Vulnerability Index were ...
Frederiksen Brittni B Colorado School of Public Health, University of Colorado, - - 2013
The incidence of type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) is increasing worldwide, with the most rapid increase among children younger than 5 years of age. To examine the associations between perinatal and infant exposures, especially early infant diet, and the development of T1DM. The Diabetes Autoimmunity Study in the Young (DAISY) ...
Gamma Franziska - - 2013
Identifying early developmental indicators of risk for schizophrenia is important for prediction and possibly illness prevention. Disturbed intermodality has been proposed as one important neurodevelopmental risk for schizophrenia. Early intermodal integration (EII) is the infant's ability to link motility and perception and to relate perception across modalities. We hypothesized that ...
Tian Niu - - 2013
Data are limited on usual sodium and potassium intakes relative to age-specific recommendations and the sodium:potassium ratio in infants and preschoolers, especially among those aged <2 y, who are black or breastfed. The usual sodium intake above the Tolerable Upper Intake Levels (ULs), potassium intakes above Adequate Intakes (AIs), the ...
Vang Zoua M - - 2013
We examined the association between neighborhood minority diversity and infant birthweight among non-Hispanic US-born black women and foreign-born black women from Sub-Saharan Africa and the non-Spanish speaking Caribbean using 2002-2006 vital statistics birth record data from the state of New Jersey (n = 73,907). We used a standardized entropy score to measure ...
Taylor Margot J - - 2013
The majority, but not all, of very preterm-born infants have difficulties with a variety of cognitive functions as children. It is critical to be able to predict as early as possible those who will have difficulties, to be able to direct appropriate interventions. We are conducting multimodal structural and functional ...
Greenough Anne - - 2013
Chronic respiratory morbidity is a common adverse outcome of very premature birth, particularly in infants who had developed bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD). Prematurely born infants who had BPD may require supplementary oxygen at home for many months and affected infants have increased healthcare utilisation until school age. Chest radiograph abnormalities are ...
Konduri G G - - 2013
Objective:We conducted a post-hoc analysis of early inhaled nitric oxide (iNO)-randomized controlled trial data to identify associations pertinent to the management of moderate hypoxic respiratory failure in term/late preterm infants.Study design:Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses were used to determine risk factors for the progression of respiratory failure and extracorporeal ...
Parfitt Ylva - - 2013
The aims of the current study were to examine the effect of fathers' and mothers' pre and postnatal mental health on mother-infant and father-infant interactions. Mental health was broadly defined to include anxiety, depression and PTSD. A community sample of 44 mothers and 40 fathers from 45 families completed questionnaire ...
Del Rosario Mithi - - 2013
Temperament atypicalities have been documented in infancy and early development in children who develop autism spectrum disorders (ASD). The current study investigates whether there are differences in developmental trajectories of temperament between infants and toddlers with and without ASD. Parents of infant siblings of children with autism completed the Carey ...
Grant Kathie A - - 2013
Botulism is a rare, but extremely serious, disease and Public Health England is responsible for its diagnosis and surveillance in the UK. Over the past five years (2008-2013), the most common form of the disease recognised in the UK has been infant botulism. The aim of this article is to ...
Shapiro-Mendoza Carrie - - 2013
OBJECTIVE:To compare the prevalence of and characteristics associated with early intervention (EI) program enrollment among infants born late preterm (34-36 weeks' gestation), early term (37-38 weeks' gestation), and term (39-41 weeks' gestation).METHODS:A Massachusetts cohort of 554 974 singleton infants born during 1998 through 2005 and survived the neonatal period was followed ...
Lam Jessica - - 2013
OBJECTIVE:: To assess the effect of maternal CYP2D6, CYP3A5, ABCB1, and OPRM1 polymorphisms in predicting both neonatal and maternal central nervous system depression after oxycodone use during lactation. STUDY DESIGN:: A nested case-control study in 67 breastfeeding mother-infant pairs exposed to oxycodone was conducted. Cases were defined as parental reports ...
Jessri Mahsa - - 2013
The aim of this study was to examine the barriers to following complementary feeding guidelines among Middle Eastern mothers and the cultural considerations of practitioners from an emic perspective. This is a two-phase focused ethnographic assessment of infant feeding among 22 Middle Eastern mothers in Western Canada who had healthy ...
Prady Stephanie L - - 2013
Ethnic minority children in the United Kingdom often experience health disadvantage. Parenting influences children's current and future health, but little is known about whether parenting behaviours and mother's perception of her infant vary by ethnicity. Using the Born in Bradford (BiB) birth cohort, which is located in an ethnically diverse ...
Bridgett David J - - 2013
There has been increasing interest in the direct and indirect effects of parental self-regulation on children's outcomes. In the present investigation, the effects of maternal self-regulation, home chaos, and inter-parental relationship adjustment on broad and specific indicators of infant negative emotionality (NE) were examined. A sample of maternal caregivers and ...
Berlin Lisa J - - 2013
Child maltreatment is a serious public health problem that disproportionately affects infants and toddlers. In the interest of informing prevention and intervention efforts, this study examined pregnant women's attributions about infants as a risk factor for child maltreatment and harsh parenting during their children's first and second years. We also ...
Raj Dinesh - - 2013
The authors report an infant with common variable immunodeficiency (CVID) with Pneumocystis pneumonia who developed secondary pulmonary alveolar proteinosis (PAP). This is the youngest infant reported to develop PAP secondary to Pneumocystis infection in an immunocompromised state. He was effectively managed with anti-microbials, frequent lung toilet, optimized mechanical ventilation, and ...
Varghese S S Christian Medical College, Vellore 632002, Tamil Nadu, India. Department of Community - - 2013
Background. Violence against women may have an impact on infant and child mortality. We aimed to determine whether domestic violence is a risk factor for infant and child death. Methods. Eighty infant and child deaths (under 5 years of age) were identified from a central register of a comprehensive community ...
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