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Morel Alexandra Almanzar - - 2014
Abstract Aims: It remains unclear if mode of delivery can have any impact on the neonatal brain. Our aim was to determine in term newborns any differences based on mode of delivery in either neuronal injury biomarkers, phosphorylated axonal neurofilament heavy chain (pNF-H) and ubiquitin C-terminal hydrolase (UCHL1), or brain ...
Raets Marlou M Department of Neonatology, Erasmus MC-Sophia Children's Hospital, Rotterdam, the - - 2014
The brain veins of infants are in a complex phase of remodelling in the perinatal period. Magnetic resonance venography and susceptibility-weighted imaging, together with high-resolution Doppler ultrasound, have provided new tools to aid study of venous developmental anatomy and disease. This review aims to provide a comprehensive background of vein ...
Torres Larissa H LH Department of Clinical and Toxicological Analysis, Faculdade de Ciências Farmacêuticas, School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of São Paulo, Av Prof Lineu Prestes, 580 Bl 13B, São Paulo, SP, CEP 05508-000, - - 2014
Environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) is associated with high morbidity and mortality, mainly in children. However, few studies focus on the brain development effects of ETS exposure. Myelination mainly occurs in the early years of life in humans and the first three postnatal weeks in rodents and is sensitive to xenobiotics ...
Bader Lisa - - 2014
With the advances of technology and treatment in the field of neonatal care, researchers can now study how the brains of preterm infants are different from full-term infants. The differences are significant, and the outcomes are poor overall for premature infants as a whole. Caregivers at the bedside must know ...
Gliga T T Centre for Brain and Cognitive Development, Birkbeck College, University of London, United - - 2014
A fast growing field, the study of infants at risk because of having an older sibling with autism (i.e. infant sibs) aims to identify the earliest signs of this disorder, which would allow for earlier diagnosis and intervention. More importantly, we argue, these studies offer the opportunity to validate existing ...
Spann Marisa N MN Department of Psychiatry, College of Physicians and Surgeons, Columbia University, 1051 Riverside Drive, Unit 74, New York, NY, 10032, United - - 2014
Recent animal and human epidemiological studies suggest that early childhood exposure to anesthesia may have adverse effects on brain development. As more than 50% of pregnant women in the United States and one-third in the United Kingdom receive regional anesthesia during labor and delivery, understanding the effects of perinatal anesthesia ...
Lobo Michele A MA E. Kokkoni, MSc, Department of Physical Therapy, University of - - 2014
Object exploration behaviors form the foundation for future global development but we know little about how these behaviors are performed by infants born preterm. To longitudinally compare a comprehensive set of object exploration behaviors in preterm and full-term infants from infancy into toddlerhood. We followed 22 full-term and 28 preterm ...
Jaekel Julia J Department of Developmental Psychology, Ruhr-University Bochum, Bochum, Germany; Department of Psychology, University of Warwick, Coventry, - - 2014
Preterm children have problems with mathematics but knowledge about the predictors of specific mathematic abilities in preterm populations is scarce. This study investigated neurodevelopmental pathways to children's general and specific mathematic abilities across the full gestational age range. Prospective geographically defined longitudinal investigation in Germany. 947 children across the full ...
Leuchter Russia Ha-Vinh RH Division of Development and Growth, Department of Pediatrics, University Hospital of Geneva, Geneva, - - 2014
Premature infants are at risk of developing encephalopathy of prematurity, which is associated with long-term neurodevelopmental delay. Erythropoietin was shown to be neuroprotective in experimental and retrospective clinical studies. To determine if there is an association between early high-dose recombinant human erythropoietin treatment in preterm infants and biomarkers of encephalopathy ...
Meijer E J EJ Clinical Physics, Máxima Medical Center, Veldhoven, The Netherlands. Electronic address: - - 2014
To quantify the neuronal connectivity in preterm infants between homologous channels of both hemispheres. EEG coherence analysis was performed on serial EEG recordings collected from preterm infants with normal neurological follow-up. The coherence spectrum was divided in frequency bands: δnewborn(0-2 Hz), θnewborn(2-6 Hz), αnewborn(6-13 Hz), βnewborn(13-30 Hz). Coherence values were evaluated as a function ...
Lagercrantz Hugo H Karolinska Institute and Astrid Lindgren Children's Hospital, Karolinska University Hospital X5:01, 171 76 Stockholm, Sweden. Electronic address: - - 2014
The newborn human infant is conscious at a minimal level. It is aware of its body, itself and to some extent of the outside world. It recognizes faces and vowels to which it has been exposed. It expresses emotions like joy. Functional magnetic resonance imaging of the newborn brain shows ...
Rilling James K JK Silvio O. Conte Center for Oxytocin and Social Cognition, Center for Translational Social Neuroscience, Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Yerkes National Primate Research Center, Emory University, Atlanta, GA 30329, USA. Department of Anthropology, Emory University, Atlanta, GA 30329, - - 2014
Parents know the transformative nature of having and caring for a child. Among many mammals, giving birth leads from an aversion to infant stimuli to irresistible attraction. Here, we review the biological mechanisms governing this shift in parental motivation in mammals. Estrogen and progesterone prepare the uterus for embryo implantation ...
Lewin Amy A Department of Family Science, School of Public Health, University of Maryland, College Park, MD, 301-405-4008, USA, - - 2014
The purpose of this study is to examine the role of father involvement on infant distress among children born to teen mothers, particularly those who are depressed. 119 teen mothers (<20 years) and their infants (<6 months) enrolled in a quasi-experimental trial of a comprehensive pediatric primary care program. Data were drawn ...
Nögel Stephanie Christine SC Department of Pediatrics, University of Erlangen-Nürnberg, Germany. Electronic address: - - 2014
The aim of the study was to compare the cognitive development of very low birth weight (VLBW) preterm SGA children and preterm AGA children at the age of 2years. The hypothesis was that SGA children are at an additional risk for deficits in cognitive function. Additionally, the impact of neonatal ...
Héon Marjolaine M Faculté des sciences infirmières, Université de Montréal, Québec, Canada (Drs Héon and Goulet); Quebec Nursing Intervention Research Network, Montréal, Canada (Dr Héon); Faculté de biologie et de médecine, Université de Lausanne, Switzerland (Dr Goulet); Research Centre, CHU Sainte-Justine, Montréal, Québec, Canada (Ms Garofalo and Drs Nuyt and Levy); Department of Nutrition, Université de Montréal, Québec, Canada (Ms Garofalo and Dr Levy); Department of Pediatrics, Université de Montréal, Québec, Canada (Dr - - 2014
A pilot study was conducted to assess the acceptability and feasibility of a breast milk expression education and support intervention in mothers of preterm infants and study procedures. Forty mothers of preterm infants born at less than 30 weeks of gestation. Pilot randomized controlled trial. Mothers of preterm infants were ...
Doherty Tanya T Health Systems Research Unit, Medical Research Council, Cape Town, South Africa; School of Public Health, University of the Western Cape, Cape Town, South - - 2014
To report on risk factors for severe events (hospitalisation or infant death) within the first half of infancy amongst HIV-unexposed infants in South Africa. South African data from the multisite community-based cluster-randomised trial PROMISE EBF promoting exclusive breastfeeding in three sub-Saharan countries from 2006 to 2008 were used. The South ...
Mireault Gina C GC Johnson State College, Johnson, VT, United States. Electronic address: - - 2014
Social referencing refers to infants' use of caregivers as emotional referents in ambiguous situations (Walden, 1993). Studies of social referencing typically require ambulation, thereby over-looking younger, non-ambulatory infants (i.e., ≤8-months) and resulting in a widespread assumption that young infants do not employ this strategy. Using a novel approach that does ...
Stacks Ann M AM a Merrill-Palmer Skillman Institute , Wayne State University , Detroit , - - 2014
This study examined relationships among maternal reflective functioning, parenting, infant attachment, and demographic risk in a relatively large (N = 83) socioeconomically diverse sample of women with and without a history of childhood maltreatment and their infants. Most prior research on parental reflective functioning has utilized small homogenous samples. Reflective functioning was ...
MacLean Peggy C PC Department of Pediatrics, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM 87131, United - - 2014
This study was designed to examine the sequential relationship between mother-infant synchrony and infant affect using multilevel modeling during the Still Face paradigm. We also examined self-regulatory behaviors that infants use during the Still-Face paradigm to modulate their affect, particularly during stressors where their mothers are not available to help ...
Koplin Jennifer J Murdoch Childrens Research Institute, Parkville, Australia; Centre for Epidemiology and Biostatistics, The University of Melbourne, Melbourne, - - 2014
Asian infants appear to be overrepresented among patients with clinical food allergy in Australia but this has not been formally examined at the population level. Any difference in prevalence according to parental country of birth may be secondary to modifiable lifestyle factors. We aimed to quantify (1) differences in the ...
Grundy Emily E Department of Social Policy, London School of Economics, London, - - 2014
Short and very long interbirth intervals are associated with worse perinatal, infant and immediate maternal outcomes. Accumulated physiological, mental, social and economic stresses arising from raising children close in age may also mean that interbirth intervals have longer term implications for the health of mothers and fathers, but few previous ...
Al-Zahrani Ali M AM Ali M Al-Zahrani, MSc, Security Forces Health Center, Makkah - - 2014
To determine knowledge and attitude of Saudi mothers towards their preschool children's oral health. One hundred and one mothers (of children aged 16 to 40 months) attending well-baby clinics at Security Forces Hospital Polyclinics in Makkah Al-Mukarrama participated in the study. A questionnaire was used to collect the required information. ...
Chung Jaeah J Stony Brook University School of Medicine, Stony Brook, NY, USA - - 2014
Background. The extent to which pediatricians inform parents about gestation-adjusted age growth plotting is unclear. Uninformed parents may have decreased satisfaction of infant growth. Subsequent early introduction of solid foods may lead to avoidant feeding behaviors and poor parental perception of infant feeding patterns. Methods. Questionnaires regarding infant growth and ...
Tang Li L School of Public Health, Curtin University, Perth, - - 2014
Early introduction of complementary foods prior to 6 months of age may shorten breastfeeding duration and expose the infant to increased risk of morbidity and mortality. The aims of this study were to document the ages of complementary foods introduction and to identify the determinants associated with early introduction of ...
Sauber-Schatz Erin K EK Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Epidemic Intelligence Service Field Assignments Branch, Atlanta, GA, USA, - - 2014
To describe 2008 Florida sleep-related sudden unexpected infant deaths (SUIDs) by describing (a) percentage distribution of medical examiner (ME) cause-of-death determinations; (b) mortality rates by maternal and infant characteristics; (c) prevalence of selected suffocation or sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) risk and protective factors; (d) frequency of selected scene investigation ...
Natile Miria - - 2014
To evaluate short-term respiratory outcomes in late preterm infants (LPI) compared with those of term infants (TI). A retrospective study conducted in a single third level Italian centre (2005-2009) to analyse the incidence and risk factors of composite respiratory morbidity (CRM), the need for adjunctive therapies (surfactant therapy, inhaled nitric ...
Elberling Hanne H Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Centre, Denmark; Research Centre for Prevention and Health, Capital Region of Denmark, - - 2014
Epidemiological studies infancy predictors of mental disorders are scarce. The study is part of a longitudinal birth-cohort study, The Copenhagen Child Cohort CCC2000. Infant mental health and development and mother-infant relations were assessed by community health nurses from birth to age 10 months. Data on the perinatal period were obtained from ...
De Sukanya S Sydney School of Public Health, The University of Sydney, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia Centre for Kidney Research, The Children's Hospital at Westmead, Sydney, New South Wales, - - 2014
Young febrile infants typically undergo meticulous evaluation to rule out serious bacterial infection. Parental perspectives on the process of evaluation and management of febrile infants can influence treatment satisfaction and outcomes. This study aimed to describe the perspectives of parents of young infants presenting to hospital with fever. We conducted ...
Holochwost Steven J SJ Department of Psychology, Georgetown University, 306N White-Gravenor Hall, 37th and O Streets, N.W., Washington, District of Columbia, 20057. - - 2014
The authors investigated the relationships among parenting behaviors, infant vagal tone, and subsequent attachment classification. Vagal tone was assessed among 6-month olds (n = 95) during the still-face paradigm (SFP) via respiratory sinus arrhythmia (RSA), while attachment security and disorganization were measured at 12 months during the strange situation procedure (SSP). Infants ...
Moffat Tina T McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, - - 2014
This study compares knowledge and practice of infant vitamin D supplementation among immigrant, refugee, and Canadian-born mothers. Focus group discussions with 94 mothers of children aged 0 to 3 years recruited from early childhood centers and a refugee health clinic. Both immigrant and Canadian-born mothers indicated good knowledge and use ...
Ricart Silvia S 1Department of Pediatrics, Hospital Sant Joan de Déu, Universitat de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain 2Department of Microbiology, Barcelona Centre for International Health Research (CRESIB, Hospital Clinic - Universitat de Barcelona), Barcelona, Spain 3Pediatric Intensive Care Unit, Hospital Sant Joan de Déu, Universitat de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain 4Department of Microbiology, Hospital Sant Joan de Déu, Universitat de Barcelona, Barcelona, - - 2014
The frequency of apnea in infants <12 months of age admitted with acute bronchiolitis was 5.16% (95%CI 3.94 - 6.72). Most commonly detected viruses in the 51 apneic infants were respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) (33.3%), rhinovirus (13.7%) and viral coinfections (23.5%). Young age and prematurity were the main risk factors ...
Gishti O O 1] Generation R Study Group, Erasmus University Medical Center, Rotterdam, The Netherlands [2] Department of Pediatrics, Erasmus University Medical Center, Rotterdam, The Netherlands [3] Department of Epidemiology, Erasmus University Medical Center, Rotterdam, The - - 2014
Background:Breastfeeding duration is associated with the risks of cardio-metabolic diseases in adulthood. We examined the associations of infant feeding patterns with metabolic outcomes in children and whether any association was explained by family-based socio-demographic, maternal lifestyle-related or childhood factors.Subjects/methods:We performed a population-based prospective cohort study in 3417 children to examine the ...
Spittle Alicia J - - 2014
Infants born <30 weeks' gestation are at increased risk of long term neurodevelopmental problems compared with term born peers. The predictive value of neurobehavioural examinations at term equivalent age in very preterm infants has been reported for subsequent impairment. Yet there is little knowledge surrounding earlier neurobehavioural development in preterm ...
Nabongo Patrick - - 2014
As part of site development for clinical trials in novel TB vaccines, a cohort of infants was enrolled in eastern Uganda to estimate the incidence of tuberculosis. The study introduced several mortality reduction strategies, and evaluated the mortality among study participants at two years. The specific of objective of this ...
Garcia-Sierra Adrian A I-LABS, Univ. of Washington, 850 Bolton Rd., Unit 1085, Storrs, Connecticut 06269, - - 2014
We report the benefit of Infant Directed Speech (IDS) on speech discrimination in 11- and 14 month-old monolingual (N = 16) and bilingual infants (N = 14). Mothers were instructed to read a booklet to their infants that contained sentences with target words (e.g., park, tear, bark, deer, etc.) at least once a day ...
Vreeswijk Charlotte M J M CM a Department of Developmental Psychology , Tilburg University , Tilburg , The - - 2014
Studies investigating fathers' roles in child development have focused on a range of different aspects. However, few studies have focused on the early father-infant relationship, which already emerges before the child is born. The aim of this study is to examine the concordance of fathers' representations of their children during ...
Muscat Tracey T School of Psychology and Counseling and Institute for Health and Biomedical Innovation, Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane, QLD, - - 2014
Young infants may have irregular sleeping and feeding patterns. Such regulation difficulties are known correlates of maternal depressive symptoms. Parental beliefs about their role in regulating infant behaviors also may play a role. We investigated the association of depressive symptoms with infant feeding/sleeping behaviors, parent regulation beliefs, and the interaction ...
Neupane Subas S School of Health Sciences, FI - 33014 University of Tampere, Finland. Electronic address: - - 2014
This study investigated individual, community and district level factors associated with neonatal mortality among a national sample of Nepalese women. Data were drawn from the 2006 Nepalese Demographic and Health Survey on women aged 15-49 who delivered within three years prior to the survey (N=4136). Multilevel logistic regression models with ...
Perrin Eliana M EM Department of Pediatrics, School of Medicine, - - 2014
To examine parental reports of feeding and activity behaviors in a cohort of parents of 2-month-olds and how they differ by race/ethnicity. Parents participating in Greenlight, a cluster, randomized trial of obesity prevention at 4 health centers, were queried at enrollment about feeding and activity behaviors thought to increase obesity ...
Flykt Marjo - - 2014
Parent-child relationship is created already in prenatal fantasies and expectations of the child-to-be. Negative violation of these expectations after the child is born is known to be harmful for the parent-child relationship. Yet, research is scarce about the medical and psychological factors contributing to violated expectations (VE). This study models ...
Lemos Letícia Vargas Freire Martins LV Universidade Estadual Paulista ?Júlio de Mesquita Filho?, São José dos Campos, SP, - - 2014
Objective : To analyze the interference of age in the entrance into a public dental care program for infants as well as family behavioral aspects about tooth decay experience in children 0 to 4 years old. Methods : Cross-sectional study involving 465 children who were divided into 3 groups: infants ...
Mah Beth L BL Mothers and Babies Research Centre, Hunter Medical Research Institute, NSW, Australia; Parent and Infant Mental Health Service, Wallsend, NSW, - - 2014
Successful parenting requires maternal behaviors that promote infant survival such as protection from predators. In animal studies, oxytocin (OT) has been linked to maternal aggression to protect offspring. No human study has explored this topic. Mothers with a diagnosis of postnatal depression (PND) are at higher risk of neglecting their ...
Welander Adina A *Clinical Epidemiology Unit, Department of Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden †Div. of Pediatrics, Linköping University, and University Hospital, Östergötland County Council, Linköping, Sweden ‡Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Örebro University Hospital & Örebro University, Örebro, Sweden §Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, United Kingdom ||Department of pediatrics, Örebro University Hospital, Örebro, - - 2014
Both breastfeeding duration and age at gluten introduction have been implicated in the pathogenesis of celiac disease (CD). We hypothesized that parental CD affects the feeding pattern of the offspring, mediated by parental health awareness increasing adherence to infant feeding guidelines. Prospectively collected infant feeding data were obtained through the ...
Webb Sara Jane SJ University of Washington , Seattle, WA , - - 2014
Abstract The first Autism Research Matrix (IACC, 2003) listed the identification of behavioural and biological markers of risk for autism as a top priority. This emphasis was based on the hypothesis that intervention with infants at-risk, at an early age when the brain is developing and before core autism symptoms ...
Colen Cynthia G CG Department of Sociology, Ohio State University, United States. Electronic address: - - 2014
Breastfeeding rates in the U.S. are socially patterned. Previous research has documented startling racial and socioeconomic disparities in infant feeding practices. However, much of the empirical evidence regarding the effects of breastfeeding on long-term child health and wellbeing does not adequately address the high degree of selection into breastfeeding. To ...
Riva Crugnola Cristina C Department of Psychology, University of Milano-Bicocca, Milan, Italy. Electronic address: - - 2014
Early motherhood is considered a risk factor for an adequate relationship between mother and infant and for the subsequent development of the infant. The principal aim of the study is to analyze micro-analytically the effect of motherhood in adolescence on the quality of mother-infant interaction and emotion regulation at three ...
Clutterbuck Stephanie S Centre for Behaviour and Evolution, Institute of Neuroscience, Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne, United - - 2014
Women experiencing greater childhood adversity exhibit faster reproductive trajectories. One possible psychological mechanism underlying this phenomenon is an increased interest in infants. Interest in infants is thought to be an adaptation important for successful rearing as it motivates the acquisition of caretaking skills. We investigated the relationships between childhood adversity, ...
Goyal M M Department of Paedodontics and Preventive Dentistry, SGT Dental College, Hospital and Research Institute, Budhera, 122505, Gurgaon, - - 2014
Newborns with cleft palate have a distorted maxillary arch at birth. Depending upon the type of cleft, infants suffer from a variety of problems, many of which are related to feeding difficulties. Feeding these babies is an immediate concern because there is evidence of delayed growth of children with cleft ...
Adedini Sunday A SA * Demography and Population Studies Programme, Schools of Public Health and Social Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South - - 2014
Summary There are substantial regional disparities in under-five mortality in Nigeria, and evidence suggests that both individual- and community-level characteristics have an influence on health outcomes. Using 2008 Nigeria Demographic and Health Survey data, this study (1) examines the effects of individual- and community-level characteristics on infant/child mortality in Nigeria ...
Ahmed Salwa F SF From the *United States Naval Medical Research Unit No.3; †Ministry of Health and Population, Cairo, Egypt; ‡Rotavirus Vaccine Program, PATH, Seattle WA; and §MRC Diarrhoeal Pathogens Research Unit, MEDUNSA Campus, University of Limpopo, Pretoria, South - - 2014
Before the introduction of rotavirus vaccine in Egypt, information on the burden of disease and the circulating rotavirus genotypes is critical to monitor vaccine effectiveness. A cohort of 348 Egyptian children was followed from birth to 2 years of age with twice-weekly home visits to detect diarrheal illness. VP7 and ...
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