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Doherty Tanya T Health Systems Research Unit, Medical Research Council, Cape Town, South Africa; School of Public Health, University of the Western Cape, Cape Town, South - - 2014
To report on risk factors for severe events (hospitalisation or infant death) within the first half of infancy amongst HIV-unexposed infants in South Africa. South African data from the multisite community-based cluster-randomised trial PROMISE EBF promoting exclusive breastfeeding in three sub-Saharan countries from 2006 to 2008 were used. The South ...
Stacks Ann M AM a Merrill-Palmer Skillman Institute , Wayne State University , Detroit , - - 2014
This study examined relationships among maternal reflective functioning, parenting, infant attachment, and demographic risk in a relatively large (N = 83) socioeconomically diverse sample of women with and without a history of childhood maltreatment and their infants. Most prior research on parental reflective functioning has utilized small homogenous samples. Reflective functioning was ...
MacLean Peggy C PC Department of Pediatrics, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM 87131, United - - 2014
This study was designed to examine the sequential relationship between mother-infant synchrony and infant affect using multilevel modeling during the Still Face paradigm. We also examined self-regulatory behaviors that infants use during the Still-Face paradigm to modulate their affect, particularly during stressors where their mothers are not available to help ...
Koplin Jennifer J Murdoch Childrens Research Institute, Parkville, Australia; Centre for Epidemiology and Biostatistics, The University of Melbourne, Melbourne, - - 2014
Asian infants appear to be overrepresented among patients with clinical food allergy in Australia but this has not been formally examined at the population level. Any difference in prevalence according to parental country of birth may be secondary to modifiable lifestyle factors. We aimed to quantify (1) differences in the ...
Grundy Emily E Department of Social Policy, London School of Economics, London, - - 2014
Short and very long interbirth intervals are associated with worse perinatal, infant and immediate maternal outcomes. Accumulated physiological, mental, social and economic stresses arising from raising children close in age may also mean that interbirth intervals have longer term implications for the health of mothers and fathers, but few previous ...
Chung Jaeah J Stony Brook University School of Medicine, Stony Brook, NY, USA - - 2014
Background. The extent to which pediatricians inform parents about gestation-adjusted age growth plotting is unclear. Uninformed parents may have decreased satisfaction of infant growth. Subsequent early introduction of solid foods may lead to avoidant feeding behaviors and poor parental perception of infant feeding patterns. Methods. Questionnaires regarding infant growth and ...
Tang Li L School of Public Health, Curtin University, Perth, - - 2014
Early introduction of complementary foods prior to 6 months of age may shorten breastfeeding duration and expose the infant to increased risk of morbidity and mortality. The aims of this study were to document the ages of complementary foods introduction and to identify the determinants associated with early introduction of ...
Sauber-Schatz Erin K EK Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Epidemic Intelligence Service Field Assignments Branch, Atlanta, GA, USA, - - 2014
To describe 2008 Florida sleep-related sudden unexpected infant deaths (SUIDs) by describing (a) percentage distribution of medical examiner (ME) cause-of-death determinations; (b) mortality rates by maternal and infant characteristics; (c) prevalence of selected suffocation or sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) risk and protective factors; (d) frequency of selected scene investigation ...
Natile Miria - - 2014
To evaluate short-term respiratory outcomes in late preterm infants (LPI) compared with those of term infants (TI). A retrospective study conducted in a single third level Italian centre (2005-2009) to analyse the incidence and risk factors of composite respiratory morbidity (CRM), the need for adjunctive therapies (surfactant therapy, inhaled nitric ...
Elberling Hanne H Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Centre, Denmark; Research Centre for Prevention and Health, Capital Region of Denmark, - - 2014
Epidemiological studies infancy predictors of mental disorders are scarce. The study is part of a longitudinal birth-cohort study, The Copenhagen Child Cohort CCC2000. Infant mental health and development and mother-infant relations were assessed by community health nurses from birth to age 10 months. Data on the perinatal period were obtained from ...
De Sukanya S Sydney School of Public Health, The University of Sydney, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia Centre for Kidney Research, The Children's Hospital at Westmead, Sydney, New South Wales, - - 2014
Young febrile infants typically undergo meticulous evaluation to rule out serious bacterial infection. Parental perspectives on the process of evaluation and management of febrile infants can influence treatment satisfaction and outcomes. This study aimed to describe the perspectives of parents of young infants presenting to hospital with fever. We conducted ...
Holochwost Steven J SJ Department of Psychology, Georgetown University, 306N White-Gravenor Hall, 37th and O Streets, N.W., Washington, District of Columbia, 20057. - - 2014
The authors investigated the relationships among parenting behaviors, infant vagal tone, and subsequent attachment classification. Vagal tone was assessed among 6-month olds (n = 95) during the still-face paradigm (SFP) via respiratory sinus arrhythmia (RSA), while attachment security and disorganization were measured at 12 months during the strange situation procedure (SSP). Infants ...
Moffat Tina T McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, - - 2014
This study compares knowledge and practice of infant vitamin D supplementation among immigrant, refugee, and Canadian-born mothers. Focus group discussions with 94 mothers of children aged 0 to 3 years recruited from early childhood centers and a refugee health clinic. Both immigrant and Canadian-born mothers indicated good knowledge and use ...
Ricart Silvia S 1Department of Pediatrics, Hospital Sant Joan de Déu, Universitat de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain 2Department of Microbiology, Barcelona Centre for International Health Research (CRESIB, Hospital Clinic - Universitat de Barcelona), Barcelona, Spain 3Pediatric Intensive Care Unit, Hospital Sant Joan de Déu, Universitat de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain 4Department of Microbiology, Hospital Sant Joan de Déu, Universitat de Barcelona, Barcelona, - - 2014
The frequency of apnea in infants <12 months of age admitted with acute bronchiolitis was 5.16% (95%CI 3.94 - 6.72). Most commonly detected viruses in the 51 apneic infants were respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) (33.3%), rhinovirus (13.7%) and viral coinfections (23.5%). Young age and prematurity were the main risk factors ...
Gishti O O 1] Generation R Study Group, Erasmus University Medical Center, Rotterdam, The Netherlands [2] Department of Pediatrics, Erasmus University Medical Center, Rotterdam, The Netherlands [3] Department of Epidemiology, Erasmus University Medical Center, Rotterdam, The - - 2014
Background:Breastfeeding duration is associated with the risks of cardio-metabolic diseases in adulthood. We examined the associations of infant feeding patterns with metabolic outcomes in children and whether any association was explained by family-based socio-demographic, maternal lifestyle-related or childhood factors.Subjects/methods:We performed a population-based prospective cohort study in 3417 children to examine the ...
Spittle Alicia J - - 2014
Infants born <30 weeks' gestation are at increased risk of long term neurodevelopmental problems compared with term born peers. The predictive value of neurobehavioural examinations at term equivalent age in very preterm infants has been reported for subsequent impairment. Yet there is little knowledge surrounding earlier neurobehavioural development in preterm ...
Nabongo Patrick - - 2014
As part of site development for clinical trials in novel TB vaccines, a cohort of infants was enrolled in eastern Uganda to estimate the incidence of tuberculosis. The study introduced several mortality reduction strategies, and evaluated the mortality among study participants at two years. The specific of objective of this ...
Vreeswijk Charlotte M J M CM a Department of Developmental Psychology , Tilburg University , Tilburg , The - - 2014
Studies investigating fathers' roles in child development have focused on a range of different aspects. However, few studies have focused on the early father-infant relationship, which already emerges before the child is born. The aim of this study is to examine the concordance of fathers' representations of their children during ...
Muscat Tracey T School of Psychology and Counseling and Institute for Health and Biomedical Innovation, Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane, QLD, - - 2014
Young infants may have irregular sleeping and feeding patterns. Such regulation difficulties are known correlates of maternal depressive symptoms. Parental beliefs about their role in regulating infant behaviors also may play a role. We investigated the association of depressive symptoms with infant feeding/sleeping behaviors, parent regulation beliefs, and the interaction ...
Perrin Eliana M EM Department of Pediatrics, School of Medicine, - - 2014
To examine parental reports of feeding and activity behaviors in a cohort of parents of 2-month-olds and how they differ by race/ethnicity. Parents participating in Greenlight, a cluster, randomized trial of obesity prevention at 4 health centers, were queried at enrollment about feeding and activity behaviors thought to increase obesity ...
Flykt Marjo - - 2014
Parent-child relationship is created already in prenatal fantasies and expectations of the child-to-be. Negative violation of these expectations after the child is born is known to be harmful for the parent-child relationship. Yet, research is scarce about the medical and psychological factors contributing to violated expectations (VE). This study models ...
Lemos Letícia Vargas Freire Martins LV Universidade Estadual Paulista ?Júlio de Mesquita Filho?, São José dos Campos, SP, - - 2014
Objective : To analyze the interference of age in the entrance into a public dental care program for infants as well as family behavioral aspects about tooth decay experience in children 0 to 4 years old. Methods : Cross-sectional study involving 465 children who were divided into 3 groups: infants ...
Mah Beth L BL Mothers and Babies Research Centre, Hunter Medical Research Institute, NSW, Australia; Parent and Infant Mental Health Service, Wallsend, NSW, - - 2014
Successful parenting requires maternal behaviors that promote infant survival such as protection from predators. In animal studies, oxytocin (OT) has been linked to maternal aggression to protect offspring. No human study has explored this topic. Mothers with a diagnosis of postnatal depression (PND) are at higher risk of neglecting their ...
Welander Adina A *Clinical Epidemiology Unit, Department of Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden †Div. of Pediatrics, Linköping University, and University Hospital, Östergötland County Council, Linköping, Sweden ‡Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Örebro University Hospital & Örebro University, Örebro, Sweden §Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, United Kingdom ||Department of pediatrics, Örebro University Hospital, Örebro, - - 2014
Both breastfeeding duration and age at gluten introduction have been implicated in the pathogenesis of celiac disease (CD). We hypothesized that parental CD affects the feeding pattern of the offspring, mediated by parental health awareness increasing adherence to infant feeding guidelines. Prospectively collected infant feeding data were obtained through the ...
Webb Sara Jane SJ University of Washington , Seattle, WA , - - 2014
Abstract The first Autism Research Matrix (IACC, 2003) listed the identification of behavioural and biological markers of risk for autism as a top priority. This emphasis was based on the hypothesis that intervention with infants at-risk, at an early age when the brain is developing and before core autism symptoms ...
Colen Cynthia G CG Department of Sociology, Ohio State University, United States. Electronic address: - - 2014
Breastfeeding rates in the U.S. are socially patterned. Previous research has documented startling racial and socioeconomic disparities in infant feeding practices. However, much of the empirical evidence regarding the effects of breastfeeding on long-term child health and wellbeing does not adequately address the high degree of selection into breastfeeding. To ...
Riva Crugnola Cristina C Department of Psychology, University of Milano-Bicocca, Milan, Italy. Electronic address: - - 2014
Early motherhood is considered a risk factor for an adequate relationship between mother and infant and for the subsequent development of the infant. The principal aim of the study is to analyze micro-analytically the effect of motherhood in adolescence on the quality of mother-infant interaction and emotion regulation at three ...
Clutterbuck Stephanie S Centre for Behaviour and Evolution, Institute of Neuroscience, Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne, United - - 2014
Women experiencing greater childhood adversity exhibit faster reproductive trajectories. One possible psychological mechanism underlying this phenomenon is an increased interest in infants. Interest in infants is thought to be an adaptation important for successful rearing as it motivates the acquisition of caretaking skills. We investigated the relationships between childhood adversity, ...
Goyal M M Department of Paedodontics and Preventive Dentistry, SGT Dental College, Hospital and Research Institute, Budhera, 122505, Gurgaon, - - 2014
Newborns with cleft palate have a distorted maxillary arch at birth. Depending upon the type of cleft, infants suffer from a variety of problems, many of which are related to feeding difficulties. Feeding these babies is an immediate concern because there is evidence of delayed growth of children with cleft ...
Adedini Sunday A SA * Demography and Population Studies Programme, Schools of Public Health and Social Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South - - 2014
Summary There are substantial regional disparities in under-five mortality in Nigeria, and evidence suggests that both individual- and community-level characteristics have an influence on health outcomes. Using 2008 Nigeria Demographic and Health Survey data, this study (1) examines the effects of individual- and community-level characteristics on infant/child mortality in Nigeria ...
Ahmed Salwa F SF From the *United States Naval Medical Research Unit No.3; †Ministry of Health and Population, Cairo, Egypt; ‡Rotavirus Vaccine Program, PATH, Seattle WA; and §MRC Diarrhoeal Pathogens Research Unit, MEDUNSA Campus, University of Limpopo, Pretoria, South - - 2014
Before the introduction of rotavirus vaccine in Egypt, information on the burden of disease and the circulating rotavirus genotypes is critical to monitor vaccine effectiveness. A cohort of 348 Egyptian children was followed from birth to 2 years of age with twice-weekly home visits to detect diarrheal illness. VP7 and ...
Brown Amy A Department of Public Health and Policy Studies, Swansea University, Swansea, United - - 2014
Popular parenting literature promotes different approaches to caring for infants, based around variations in the use of parent-led routines and promoting infant independence. However, there is little empirical evidence of how these early behaviours affect wider parenting choices such as infant feeding. Breastfeeding often requires an infant-led approach, feeding on ...
Yago Satoshi S Graduate school of Health Care Sciences, Child and Family Nursing, Tokyo Medical and Dental - - 2014
The aim of this study was to compare father-infant interaction with mother-infant interaction, and explore differences and similarities between parents. Related factors for quality of father-infant interaction were also examined. Sixteen pairs of parents with infants aged 0 to 36 months were observed for play interaction between parents and their ...
Sachdeva Sandeep S Department of Community Medicine, Pt. B.D. Sharma, PGIMS, Rohtak, Haryana, - - 2014
A hospital-based cross-sectional study was undertaken to determine proportion of gross congenital malformation (GCMF) occurring at intramural births. Rate of GCMF was found to be 16.4/1000 consecutive singleton births (>28 weeks) with three leading malformation as anencephaly (44.68%), talipes equinovarus (17.02%) and meningomyelocele (10.63%). Higher risk of malformed births were ...
Atay Enver - - 2014
The aim of this study was to determine the hematological status of severe vitamin B12 deficiency in infants and adolescents. This study involved 95 infants and 117 adolescents with severe plasma vitamin B12 deficiency (< 120 pg/ mL) and normal plasma folate and ferritin. Infants were aged between one and ...
Manduca Paola P Dept. Scienze della Terra, Ambientali e della Vita, University of Genoa, Genova 16132, Italy. - - 2014
This study was undertaken in Gaza, Palestine, in a cohort of babies born in 2011. Hair samples of newborns were analyzed for metal load by DRC-ICP-MS. We report specific level of contamination by teratogen/toxicants metals of newborn babies, environmentally unexposed, according to their phenotypes at birth: normal full term babies, ...
Joshi Prakash Chandra PC Department of Public Health, Central Institute of Science and Technology, Pokhara University, Kathmandu, Nepal ; James P. Grant School of Public Health, BRAC University, Dhaka, - - 2014
Exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) means that the infant receives only breast milk for the first six months of life after birth. In Bangladesh, the prevalence of EBF remained largely unchanged for nearly two decades and was 43% in 2007. However, in 2011, a prevalence of 64% was reported, an increase by ...
Babu Giridhara R GR IIPH-H, Bangalore Campus, Public Health Foundation of India, Bangalore, Karnataka, - - 2014
The carbohydrate 'fuel' metabolism in a pregnant woman may have a long-term impact on the development of her offspring ('fuel-mediated teratogenesis' hypothesis) including in utero exposure to maternal hyperglycaemia leading to fetal hyperinsulinaemia, and the consequent increase in fetal fat cells. Therefore, a feed-forward loop can exist of rising adiposity ...
Brown Hilary K HK Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, The University of Western Ontario, London, Canada, Children's Health Research Institute, London, Canada, Department of Paediatrics, The University of Western Ontario, London, Canada and Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, The University of Western Ontario, London, - - 2013
The aim of this study was to elucidate the role of gestational age in determining the risk of neonatal morbidity among infants born late preterm (34-36 weeks) and early term (37-38 weeks) compared with those born full term (39-41 weeks) by examining the contribution of gestational age within the context ...
Munywoki Patrick K PK KEMRI - Wellcome Trust Research Programme, Kilifi, - - 2013
Background. Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) vaccine development for direct protection of young infants faces substantial obstacles. Assessing the potential of indirect protection using different strategies such as targeting older children or mothers requires knowledge of the source of infection to the infants.Methods. We undertook a prospective study in rural Kenya. Households with ...
Ladewig Emma L EL Department of Public Health and Primary Care, Trinity College Dublin, , Dublin, - - 2013
Historically, breastfeeding rates in Ireland have been low compared with international averages. It has been suggested that maternal ethnicity and citizenship may influence breastfeeding rates, with ethnic minorities thought more likely to breast feed. The aim of this study is to investigate the association among maternal citizenship, ethnicity, birthplace and ...
Doamekpor Lauren Abla - - 2013
Infant mortality is the most widely used indicator of a nation's health status and is associated with a plethora of maternal and socioeconomic factors. Although the association between young and old maternal age and the risk of infant mortality is well established, the link between paternal age and birth outcomes ...
Shumey Ashenafi - - 2013
Exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) for the first six months of life is critical for the wellbeing of the child. In the mean while, timely initiation and starting nutritionally-adequate, safe, age-appropriate complementary feeding at six months is recommended for the better health and development of infants. According to the Ethiopian Demographic and ...
Bornstein Marc H - - 2013
Is it always or necessarily the case that common and important parenting practices are better, insofar as they occur more often, or worse, because they occur less often? Perhaps, less is more, or some is more. To address this question, we studied mothers' microcoded contingent responsiveness to their infants (M ...
Goyal Neera K NK MSc, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, Department of Pediatrics, 3333 Burnet Ave, ML# 7009, Cincinnati, OH 45229. - - 2013
Home visiting programs seek to improve care management for women at high risk for preterm birth (<37 weeks). Our objective was to evaluate the effect of home visiting dosage on preterm birth and small for gestational age (SGA) infants. Retrospective cohort study of women in southwest Ohio with a singleton ...
Fan Angela P - - 2013
Existing theories suggest that the mother-infant relationship has a potentially significant effect on long-term adult mental health, but there are few empirical data to support this view. Even fewer prior studies have examined the specific dynamics of the mother-infant relationship and their association with adult mental health. A total of ...
Putnam-Hornstein Emily - - 2013
To examine whether infants reported for maltreatment face a heightened risk of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) and other leading causes of sudden unexpected infant death (SUID). Linked birth and infant death records for all children born in California between 1999 and 2006 were matched to administrative child protection data. ...
Khanal Vishnu - - 2013
Exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) for the first six months can have a significant impact on reducing child morbidity and mortality rates. The objective of this study was to compare the determinants of and trends in EBF in infants <=5 months from the 2006 and 2011 Nepal Demographic and Health Surveys. Data ...
Dani Carlo C Department of Neurosciences, Psychology, Drug Research and Child Health, University of Florence, Florence, - - 2014
Insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1) and IGF-binding protein-3 (IGFBP-3) play a main role in the pathogenesis of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP). Fresh-frozen plasma (FFP) from adult donors may be an actual source of IGF-1 and IGFBP-3 because it contains higher concentrations. The objective was to evaluate whether FFP transfusions can ...
Youngblut Joanne M - - 2013
BACKGROUND:After a child's death, parents may experience depression, posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and increased risk for cancers, diabetes, psychiatric hospitalization, and suicide. Racial/ethnic differences are unknown. This longitudinal study investigated health and functioning of Hispanic, black, and white parents through 13 months after NICU/PICU death.METHODS:Parents (176 mothers, 73 fathers) of ...
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