Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 1220
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Ceriani Cernadas José M - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The umbilical cord is usually clamped immediately after birth. There is no sound evidence to support this approach, which might deprive the newborn of some benefits such as an increase in iron storage. OBJECTIVES: We sought to determine the effect of timing of cord clamping on neonatal venous hematocrit ...
Bansal Narinder - - 2006
Adiponectin is a recognized protective risk marker for cardiovascular disease in adults and is associated with an optimal lipid profile. The role of adiponectin at birth is not well understood, and its relationship with the neonatal lipid profile is unknown. Because ethnic disparities in cardiovascular risk have been attributed to ...
Mullany Luke C - - 2006
Omphalitis contributes to neonatal morbidity and mortality in developing countries. Umbilical cord cleansing with antiseptics might reduce infection and mortality risk, but has not been rigorously investigated. In our community-based, cluster-randomised trial, 413 communities in Sarlahi, Nepal, were randomly assigned to one of three cord-care regimens. 4934 infants were assigned ...
Dilbaz Berna - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To utilize infant outcomes and to identify risk factors associated with umbilical cord prolapse. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Birth records of 80 cases with umbilical cord prolapse and 800 randomly selected controls were reviewed retrospectively. Statistical analysis was performed using logistic regression models. RESULTS: Prolapse of the umbilical cord complicated ...
Atabek Mehmet Emre - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Osteopenia is a frequent condition in preterm infants. This prospective study was designed to assess the relationship between cord blood insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) levels and bone mineralization in healthy premature infants. METHODS: Twenty preterm infants (ten males and ten females) were studied. We determined the bone mineral density ...
Pacifici G M - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The purpose of antibiotic treatment in pregnant women is to treat the mother and/or the fetus since it is known that antibiotics administered to the mother cross the placenta and reach the fetus. A comparison of the drug concentration in maternal and fetal plasma gives an indication of the ...
Powell Suzanna T - - 2006
An infant, born at 35 weeks' gestation to a woman who sniffed petrol, had a cord blood lead level eight times the accepted limit. Treatment with oral dimercaptosuccinic acid promptly reduced his blood lead levels. To our knowledge, this is the first reported case of congenital lead poisoning secondary to ...
Jackson J Brooks - - 2006
BACKGROUND: To correlate nevirapine presence and concentration in cord bloods of infants born to HIV-1 infected women with report of timing of dose and HIV-1 transmission at 6 weeks of age. METHODS: All available cord blood samples from the infants of mothers enrolled in the HIVNET 012 trial who were ...
Cho Geum Joon - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Resistin is a novel hormone secreted by human adipocytes and mononuclear cells. It is expressed in the human placenta, and has been postulated to play a role in the regulation of energy metabolism during pregnancy. However, correlations between umbilical and maternal serum resistin levels and neonatal birth weight remain ...
Nitsch Patrizia - - 2006
Malformations of the umbilical vein are rare abnormalities diagnosed on prenatal ultrasound. They might be associated with fetal hydrops and fetal death. We report two newborn infants with prenatal diagnosis of umbilical vein dilatation who developed venous thrombosis and discuss the pre- and postnatal management of the constellation with special ...
Aladangady Narendra - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether it was possible to promote placental blood transfer to infants at preterm delivery by (1) delaying cord clamping, (2) holding the infant below the placenta, and (3) administering an oxytocic agent to the mother, we measured the infants' blood volumes. DESIGN: Randomized study. METHODS: Forty-six preterm ...
Akman I - - 2006
PURPOSE: To determine the relationship between maternal serum zinc (Zn) levels and birth weight of the offspring and their correlation with cord blood Zn, insulin-like growth factor (IGF-1) and insulin-like growth factor binding protein-3 (IGFBP-3) levels. METHOD: 22 term small-for-gestational-age (SGA) and 34 term appropriate-for-gestational-age (AGA) infants and their mothers ...
Kordek Agnieszka - - 2006
BACKGROUND: To compare procalcitonin (PCT) concentrations between maternal blood and levels in umbilical cord or venous blood of neonates who were born with or without infection. METHODS: Forty-six women with singleton pregnancies, complicated by premature rupture of membranes, preterm delivery and/or chorioamnionitis, were enrolled in this study. The study group ...
Levy Tali - - 2006
Although cord cutting has been performed since the beginning of mankind, the timing and advantages of early versus delayed cord clamping are still controversial. Early cord clamping (within the first 30 s after birth) is usually justified for potential prevention of postpartum hemorrhage and for immediate treatment of the newborn, ...
Akira Mori - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To measure the elastic properties of the abdominal aorta in normal infants and infants who had umbilical placental insufficiency (UPI) before birth. STUDY DESIGN: An index of aortic stiffness was measured in 65 infants who were appropriate-for-gestational age (32 preterm infants between 29 and 40 weeks of gestation) and ...
Ahmadpour-Kacho Mousa - - 2006
Several agents have been used for neonatal umbilical cord care, but we did not find any study evaluating the effect of human milk on umbilical cord separation time. The purpose of this study was to compare the effect of topical application of human milk, ethyl alcohol 96%, and silver sulfadiazine ...
Mittermayer Friedrich - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Infants born term have substantially elevated plasma concentrations of the endogenous nitric oxide synthase antagonist asymmetrical dimethylarginine (ADMA) that normalize with growth. The plasma levels of ADMA in preterm newborns are unknown. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Plasma concentrations of ADMA, symmetrical dimethylarginine (SDMA) and L-arginine were analyzed from venous umbilical ...
Sitaru Ana-Gabriela - - 2005
Chorioamnionitis (CA) is a severe infection responsible not only for premature birth but also for many severe neonatal diseases. The aim of the present study was to investigate the expression of CD40L and P-selectin on platelets and the plasma levels of their soluble forms in the umbilical cord blood in ...
Tastekin Ayhan - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Oxidative stress may play an important role in the pathophysiology of preeclampsia. An increase in lipid peroxidation products and a decrease in antioxidant activity in preeclamptic women have been reported in many papers. The objective of this study was to evaluate oxidative stress in infants born to preeclamptic mothers. ...
Weiler Hope - - 2005
Long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LC PUFA) are associated with bone mass in animals and human adults, yet no data exist for human infants. Thus, the objective of this study was to establish that LC PUFA status is associated with bone mass in healthy infants. Thirty mother-infant pairs were studied for ...
Elsmén Emma - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Previous studies indicate that there may be infant gender differences in cytokine expression associated with differences in neonatal morbidity. OBJECTIVE: We tested the hypothesis that umbilical cord interleukin-1 receptor antagonist (IL-1ra) correlates with infant gender and neonatal outcome in preterm infants. STUDY DESIGN: IL-1ra was measured in cord blood ...
Trevisanuto Daniele - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Cardiac troponins T (cTnT) and I (cTnI) are well-established markers in detecting myocardial ischemic damage in adults. Perinatal asphyxia is associated with cardiac dysfunction. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate serum concentrations of cTnI in asphyxiated neonates and to investigate whether cTnI is correlated with the traditional markers of asphyxia. METHODS: Blood ...
Yuvienco Jose Mari S - - 2005
Increased levels of unbound Free Fatty acid (FFAu) have been found in adults undergoing coronary angioplasty as a result of acute hypoxia-ischemia. We hypohesized that infants suffering from a 1-minute Apgar score of less than 5 will demonstrate elevated FFAu levels in the cord blood. One hundred ninety-nine infants between ...
Sweeney Mary R - - 2005
Oral folic acid above certain threshold doses results in unmetabolised folic acid in serum. This raises a number of public health safety issues, principally the potential to mask pernicious anaemia; more recently the theoretical potential for high-dose folic acid to promote cancer has been highlighted. In this paper we set ...
Villamor Eduardo - - 2005
Malaria infection during pregnancy increases the risk of adverse birth outcomes among HIV-infected women. The role of umbilical cord parasitemia is not well characterized. We examined the risk of adverse perinatal outcomes in relation to maternal or umbilical cord Plasmodium falciparum parasitemia among 275 HIV-infected women from Tanzania, who participated ...
Kumar Subhankar - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To explore possible spinal cord dysfunction in clinically unaffected newborns emerging from fetal distress, using H-Reflex. METHODS: This cross-sectional study comprised 48 full-term newborn infants investigated between 8h and 10 days after birth. Twenty-one (21) had fetal distress defined by late-decelerations in fetal heart rate, out of which 11 ...
Ng Pak-Cheng - - 2005
This study aimed to investigate 1) the plasma resistin concentration at birth, 2) the relationship of resistin with leptin and insulin, and 3) the association of resistin with anthropometric indexes in newborn infants. Blood samples for hormonal assay were obtained from preterm and term newborns within the first 2 h ...
Ebrashy Alaa - - 2005
AIM: To evaluate the accuracy of middle cerebral/umbilical artery resistance index (C/U RI) ratio in predicting acidemia and low Apgar score at 5 minutes after birth in the infants of women with preeclampsia. METHODS: This prospective case-control study performed at Kasr El Aini University Hospital included 50 pregnant women with ...
Kairamkonda V - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Amylin is a novel 37 amino acid peptide hormone that is co-secreted with insulin from the pancreas in response to food intake. As a potent inhibitor of gastric emptying it plays an important role in the control of carbohydrate absorption. Feed intolerance is common in infants of diabetic mothers ...
Mercer Judith S - - 2005
Nuchal cord, or cord around the neck of an infant at birth, is a common finding that has implications for labor, management at birth, and subsequent neonatal status. A nuchal cord occurs in 20% to 30% of births. All obstetric providers need to learn management techniques to handle the birth ...
Mazaki-Tovi Shali - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to disclose the relationship between adiponectin and birth weight in a large group of newborns with normal and aberrant growth ("overweight"). STUDY DESIGN: Eighty-one healthy, term newborns were divided into 2 groups: 20 in the large-for-gestational age (LGA; 4297 +/- 207 g), and ...
Volikas I - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Remifentanil has been suggested as an ideal opioid for patient-controlled analgesia (PCA) in labour, but the safety profile has not been established. The aims of this preliminary prospective observational study were to investigate the maternal side-effects and early neonatal effects, and to assess the placental transfer of remifentanil PCA ...
Kaukola Tuula - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between fetal cardiovascular hemodynamics and neurodevelopmental outcome in infants born before 32 gestational weeks with placental insufficiency. STUDY DESIGN: Seventeen fetuses that underwent Doppler ultrasonography within 24 hours before delivery were included in this prospective cross-sectional study. Placental histology ...
Tsao Po-Nien - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship of neonatal platelet count and preeclampsia to levels of soluble fms-like tyrosine kinase 1 (sFlt-1), placental growth factor (PlGF), and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) in the cord blood of preterm infants. METHODS: Sixty-nine preterm infants with a gestational age between 26 and 37 weeks ...
Cho Steve - - 2005
We tested the hypothesis that antenatal betamethasone alters prostanoid levels in the maternal and feto-placental compartments. Forty-three singleton pregnancies were studied. Group I were women treated with a single course of antenatal betamethasone and who delivered <37 weeks gestation; Group II were untreated women who delivered <37 weeks; and Group ...
Claahsen-van der Grinten H L - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to investigate the pharmacokinetic profile of tramadol hydrochloride in neonates, born from mothers who underwent analgesia with tramadol for the relief of labour pain. METHODS: Intramuscular tramadol (100--250 mg) was administered to 22 mothers giving birth who requested pain relief. At the ...
Chamnanvanakij Sangkae - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To compare time to cord separation, parental satisfaction and bacterial colonization, among 3 regimens of cord care at home. STUDY DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial. MATERIAL AND METHOD: Term infants were randomly assigned based on cord care regimens at home: 1) triple dye, 2) alcohol, and 3) no antiseptic agent. ...
Miller N M - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To investigate (A) the determinants of infant stress response at delivery and (B) test the hypothesis that stress at birth, as reflected by cord arterial cortisol, influences cortisol response to vaccination at two months. DESIGN: Prospective observational study. SETTING: Tertiary referral maternity hospital. POPULATION: One hundred and seventy-two primiparous ...
Hilgendorff Anne - - 2005
AIM: Deficiency in collectins is discussed as a risk factor for pulmonary and systemic infections in children and adults. The objective of this study was to determine serum concentrations of surfactant protein D (SP-D) and mannose-binding lectin (MBL) in preterm and term infants at birth. METHODS: 47 preterm infants below ...
Rogers Linda B - - 2005
Hematology and flow cytometry reference values for rhesus umbilical cord blood (UCB) were established in 17 healthy infant rhesus monkeys delivered by elective cesarean section 10 days preterm. The infants were born to age matched, singly caged primigravid or secundigravid dams. The hematology and flow cytometry values were determined by ...
Suvalsky Steven D - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: On November 19, 1997, 7 liveborn infants (4 boys and 3 girls) were delivered by cesarean delivery at 30.5 weeks gestational age. The pregnancy was the result of artificial induction of ovulation. STUDY DESIGN: The septuplet placenta was evaluated with a standard and systematic procedure for placentas of multiple ...
Mukhtar M Y - - 2006
Congenital malaria is increasingly reported among babies born to mothers continually residing in endemic areas. Given the high morbidity and mortality associated with malaria it is pertinent to determine its current status among newborns in Lagos, Nigeria. The aim was to determine the incidence of congenital malaria in newborn babies ...
Savino Francesco - - 2005
AIM: To establish ghrelin, leptin and IGF-I serum levels in breastfed (BF) and formula-fed (FF) infants during the first period of life. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted on fasting blood venous samples obtained from exclusively BF (n=106) and FF (n=100) infants to measure total ghrelin (RIA test), leptin (RIA ...
Tsao Po-Nien - - 2005
Respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) secondary to surfactant deficiency is a common cause of morbidity and mortality in premature infants. Increasing evidence suggests that vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) may contribute to surfactant secretion and pulmonary maturation. However, differences in cord blood VEGF concentrations in infants with and without respiratory distress ...
Boyle Jodell J - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To assess the incidence, risk factors and outcomes of umbilical cord prolapse in current obstetric practice. STUDY DESIGN: This study was a retrospective chart review at both a community hospital and a tertiary referral center. RESULTS: There were 52 cases of cord prolapse in our patient population, for an ...
Daniel-Spiegel Etty - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To report a rare case of umbilical cord hemangioma and to discuss its association with vascular birthmarks. METHODS: A case of umbilical cord hemangioma diagnosed by ultrasound at 28 weeks of gestation is reported. After labor induction at 38 weeks of gestation, a male infant was born. Examination of ...
Aroviita Pekka - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Characterization of cord blood facilitates understanding of the factors affecting cord blood transplant quality and improvement of transplantation results. Cord blood obtained from male and female infants has not been thoroughly characterized. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: A study was performed to test the hypothesis that the cord blood hematopoietic ...
Zanardo Vincenzo - - 2005
The effect of pre-eclampsia on coagulation and fibrinolysis in newborns is still under investigation. We have evaluated several coagulation and fibrinolysis parameters in umbilical cord blood of 20 newborns from pre-eclamptic women and of 40 newborns from normotensive women with similar gestational age. Additionally, the presence of factor V Leiden ...
Martin Gregory C - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Apgar scores and cord blood gases (BG) and pH were compared between a group of babies with nuchal cords and a group without nuchal cords and uncomplicated deliveries. STUDY DESIGN: We collected umbilical arterial (UA) and umbilical venous (UV) blood samples from the placentas of term infants from both ...
Malamitsi-Puchner Ariadne - - 2005
Our aim is to determine--in 30 healthy full-term infants and their mothers--circulating levels of neurotrophin-3 (NT-3) (important for antenatal and postnatal brain development and implicated in the immune response) and FLT3 tyrosine kinase receptor (FLT3) (controlling hematopoiesis and found in the nervous tissue), in the fetal and neonatal life. NT-3 ...
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