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Results 351 - 400 of 1236
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Ostrea Enrique M EM Jr Department of Pediatrics, Hutzel Women's Hospital, the Carman and Ann Adams Department of Pediatrics, Children's Hospital of Michigan, Wayne State University, Detroit, MI, USA. - - 2008
The detection of fetal exposure to environmental pesticides is important because many of the pesticides are neurotoxicants and fetal exposure to these compounds can adversely affect prenatal and subsequent neurodevelopment. The aim of this study was to determine, by the comparative analysis of infant hair, cord blood and meconium, the ...
Koklu Esad - - 2007
BACKGROUND: It was shown that oxygen-derived free radicals, and particularly the superoxide anion, are intermediaries in the formation and activation of osteoclasts. Many antioxidant defence systems depend on micronutrients or are micronutrients themselves. Oxidative stress might be related to bone indices in newborn infants. AIM: To assess the relationship between ...
Khan Rozilla S - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To determine the significance of the Diagnosis to Delivery Interval (DDI) on perinatal outcome and maternal complications in patients with umbilical cord prolapse. METHODS: This was a case series of 44 patients identified with "Umbilical cord prolapse" during a 10-year period at the Aga Khan University Hospital. Data was ...
Masters Elizabeth T ET Columbia Center for Children's Environmental Health, Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University, New York, NY 10032, - - 2007
Adverse postnatal health effects have been associated with compromised fetal growth, which makes it essential to understand its determinants. Significant effects of environmental pollutants on birth outcomes have been observed in our study population, and nutritional status may be an additional factor influencing fetal development and effects of environmental toxins. ...
Jedrychowski Wieslaw W Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine, Jagiellonian University, Collegium Medicum, Krakow, Poland. myjedryc@cyf-kr.edu.pl - - 2008
The purpose of the study was to assess the neurocognitive status of 6-month-old infants whose mothers were exposed to low but varying amounts of lead during pregnancy. Lead levels in the cord blood were used to assess environmental exposure and the Fagan Test of Infant Intelligence (FTII) assessed visual recognition ...
Rabe Heike H Department of Neonatology, Brighton and Sussex University Hospitals, Brighton, UK. - - 2008
The optimal timing of clamping the umbilical cord in preterm infants at birth is the subject of continuing debate. To investigate the effects of a brief delay in cord clamping on the outcome of babies born prematurely. A retrospective meta-analysis of randomised trials in preterm infants was conducted. Data were ...
Nykänen Päivi - - 2007
AIM: To study the relationship between serum cortisol and dehydroepiandrosterone sulphate (DHEAS) concentrations and death or bronchopulmonary dysplasia at 36 weeks of postmenstrual age in preterm infants. METHODS: Prospective measurement of cord, day of birth (D0) and day 4 (D4) serum cortisol and DHEAS concentrations and performance of low-dose (LD) ...
Chaparro Camila M - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether infant iron status, modified by umbilical cord clamping time and infant feeding mode, affected infant blood lead concentration at 6 months of age. STUDY DESIGN: Participants were a subset of women and their infants randomized to receive early (10 seconds) or delayed (2 minutes) umbilical cord ...
Palkovicova Lubica - - 2008
Dental amalgam is a mercury-based filling containing approximately 50% of metallic mercury (Hg(0)). Human placenta does not represent a real barrier to the transport of Hg(0); hence, fetal exposure occurs as a result of maternal exposure to Hg, with possible subsequent neurodevelopmental disabilities in infants. This study represents a substudy ...
López-Bermejo Abel - - 2008
Visfatin is an adipocytokine involved in insulin action and oxidative stress. The regulation of circulating concentrations in the human foetus is unknown. We studied whether, at term birth, the serum concentrations of visfatin are related to foetal size, both in the absence and in the presence of maternal smoking during ...
Altanis S - - 2007
Assessment of the umbilical cord gases at birth is an objective measurement of the neonatal condition. However, previous studies have shown that the results are unreliable in one out of four paired samples. The aim of our study was to assess the sampling of cord gases after operative deliveries. We ...
Tsukimori Kiyomi - - 2007
The aim of the study was to investigate whether inflammatory markers are associated with the occurrence of periventricular leukomalacia (PVL). Superoxide (O(2) (-)) production of neutrophils and plasma antioxidative superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity in umbilical cord blood were studied. Participants were preterm infants with early PVL (n=6; three males, three ...
Groenendaal Floris - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Spinal cord injury has been reported after perinatal asphyxia in full-term neonates. OBJECTIVES: To examine the role of excessive nitric oxide production in perinatal spinal cord injury. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Tissue samples of 18 full-term neonates who died of hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy were analyzed for the presence of nitrotyrosine (NT). ...
El-Beitune P - - 2007
Limited evidence is available regarding antiretroviral (ARV) safety for uninfected infants exposed to these drugs in utero. Our objective was to determine if ARV administered to pregnant women is associated with decreasing umbilical arterial pH and base excess in uninfected infants. A prospective study was conducted on 57 neonates divided ...
Akturk Aysima - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To verify whether adrenomedullin (AM) and nitric oxide (NO) concentrations are changed in the maternal and fetal circulation in pregnancies complicated by intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) compared to normal pregnancies, and to determine any relationship between them. METHODS: Forty-six small for gestational age (SGA) and 34 appropriate for gestational ...
Bard Harry - - 2007
AIM: To determine the levels of RBC HbSNO and HbFe(II)NO using chemiluminescence in very low birth weight infants breathing room air, during the first 2 days of life. METHOD: RBC NO values were compared to the levels obtained in cord blood at birth from infants of similar gestational age. Five ...
Shanklin D Radford - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The respiratory, metabolic and excretory functions of the placenta provide maintenance of fetuses in utero even in the presence of severe malformations that preclude postnatal survival. CASE: A 17-year-old secundigravida delivered a 1,075-g liveborn in the 30th week of gestation. The infant was severely malformed, with gastroschisis and a ...
Papinniemi Marjo - - 2007
The purpose of this study was to explore the maternal risk profile and obstetric outcome in pregnancies affected by placenta previa. Retrospective case-control study involved all women (93 [0.37%] women with diagnosed placenta previa and 24,857 unaffected controls) who gave birth to singleton infants at Kuopio University Hospital between the ...
Ozdemir U - - 2007
Leptin and zinc are involved in the regulation of appetite. Copper is a trace element regulating the functions of several cuproenzymes that are essential for life. To evaluate the relationship between zinc and copper status and the leptin system in humans, we examined whether leptin concentrations in the mother and ...
Lewis David F - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Preterm premature rupture of membranes (PPROM) continues to be a major cause of preterm births. The objective of this study was to compare the morbidity of patients with PPROM nonvertex presentations with patients with PPROM with vertex presentations. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective analysis of data from 74 patients with ...
Pathmaperuma A N - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: To study the correlation of maternal and cord blood insulin like growth factor (IGF)-I and -II and IGF binding protein (IGFBP)-1 levels with birth weight and maternal anthropometric indices. DESIGN: Longitudinal prospective study. SETTING: Academic Institutions and a Tertiary Care Maternity Hospital. PARTICIPANTS: Women with uncomplicated singleton pregnancy (N ...
Link Gerold - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The present study was designed to determine the relation of umbilical venous blood flow (UmbBF) to fetal weight (FW) at different times in late pregnancy, and to assess fetal O2 supply near term. STUDY DESIGN: In 46 pregnant women, UmbBF was calculated just before delivery using the product of ...
Nykänen Päivi - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Glucocorticoids are widely used before preterm delivery and in preterm infants may bear serious adverse effects. Better knowledge about the circulating glucocorticoid milieu after glucocorticoid treatment could improve treatment modalities. Therefore, we investigated the influence of exogenous glucocorticoids and clinical factors on serum cortisol (F) levels and circulating glucocorticoid ...
Inami Ikuhiro - - 2007
In term neonates, the adiponectin concentration is higher than it is in adults. To determine the relationship between adiponectin and early neonatal growth in a cohort study. Fifty-two neonates at term were studied. Serum adiponectin concentrations, body sizes, and skinfold thicknesses were measured at birth and at 1 mo of ...
van Rheenen Patrick - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: This study was carried out to assess whether delaying umbilical cord clamping is effective in improving the haematological status of term infants living in a malaria-endemic area, and whether this is associated with complications in infants and mothers. METHODS: We randomly assigned women delivering term babies in Mpongwe Mission ...
Goldenberg Robert L - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Laminar necrosis, a band-like distribution of coagulative necrosis, has been reported at the choriodecidual interface of the free membranes of placentas of women with various adverse neonatal outcomes. Our goal in this study was to evaluate the frequency of an equivalent feature in the decidua basalis, diffuse decidual leukocytoclastic ...
Kugelman Amir - - 2007
The purpose of this study was to test whether delayed versus immediate cord clamping would result in higher blood pressure (BP) and hematocrit (Hct), and to assess its clinical effects on the neonatal course in premature neonates (< 35 weeks). This was a prospective, masked, randomized, controlled study. Prior to ...
Hansen-Pupp I - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Foetal inflammation is associated with an increased risk of brain damage in preterm infants whereas IGF-I is essential for cerebral development and exhibits anti-apoptotic properties. AIM: To assess levels of IGF-I and IGF binding proteins at very preterm birth and to evaluate their relationship with foetal pro-inflammation and cerebral ...
Miralles R R Department of Child Health, University of Leicester, Leicester, - - 2008
To determine the fetal cortisol response to intrauterine infection. 16s ribosomal RNA genes or the urease genes of Ureaplasma spp were identified by the polymerase chain reaction in intrauterine samples. Cord blood cortisol, interleukin 6 (IL6) and IL8 were measured in samples from 31 infants born at <32 weeks gestation. ...
Divi Rao L - - 2007
Effective reduction in maternal-fetal human immunodeficiency virus-1 (HIV-1) transmission has been achieved by administration of nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NRTIs) during pregnancy, and although most exposed children are clinically normal at birth, mitochondrial dysfunction has been reported. To examine mitochondrial integrity on a molecular level, we evaluated mitochondrial morphology by ...
Meazza Cristina - - 2007
The relationship among circulating values of growth hormone (GH), thymulin, and zinc in 19 healthy human neonates at birth and at the 4th month of age, and in their respective mothers, was investigated. Cytofluorimetric analysis on some CD antigen markers was conducted on cord blood and peripheral blood mononuclear cells. ...
Hutton Eileen K EK Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario. - - 2007
With few exceptions, the umbilical cord of every newborn is clamped and cut at birth, yet the optimal timing for this intervention remains controversial. To compare the potential benefits and harms of late vs early cord clamping in term infants. Search of 6 electronic databases (on November 15, 2006, starting ...
Brown Lisa F LF Virginia Commonwealth University, School of Nursing, Richmond, VA; and University of Wisconsin-Madison School of Nursing, Madison, - - 2007
Adaptive maternal feeding behaviors are sensitive and responsive to the infant and support the infant's participation in feeding. Adaptive infant behaviors help the infant to participate in the feeding within developmental capacities and to interact in a positive manner with the mother. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to ...
Ultee C A - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Even mild iron deficiency and anaemia in infancy may be associated with cognitive deficits. A delay in clamping the cord improves haematocrit levels and results in greater vascular stability and less need for packed cell transfusions for anaemia in the first period after birth. Follow-up data on haemoglobin levels ...
Welin Anne-Karin - - 2007
The premature infant is at increased risk of cerebral white matter injury. Melatonin is neuroprotective in adult models of focal cerebral ischemia and attenuates ibotenate-induced white matter cysts in neonatal mice. Clinically, melatonin has been used to treat sleep disorders in children without major side effects. The aim of this ...
Shimizu T - - 2007
This study investigated the relationship between plasma levels of ghrelin and postnatal growth in preterm infants. The levels of active ghrelin in cord blood and in plasma in 25 very low birthweight (VLBW) infants were measured. The results indicate that the levels of circulating active ghrelin markedly increases after birth ...
Yimin Dai
Loss of imprinting (LOI) of insulin-like growth factor II gene (IGF2) is anepigenetic abnormality associated with human diseases. However, little is known about thecharacteristics of IGF2 imprinting in newborn cord blood cells. METHODS: A total of 923cord blood samples from term singletons and related clinical data were collected; IGF2imprinting status ...
Hasegawa Junichi - - 2007
The perinatal mortality rate of vasa previa is high if it is not prenatally diagnosed. Systematic strategies for vasa previa screening have been recommended. In this paper, three cases of vasa previa diagnosed prenatally, with umbilical cord inserted to the lower segment of the uterus, are presented. It should be ...
Karikari Isaac O - - 2007
We report the case of 2 infants born with a lumbar dermal sinus tract and an overlying angiomatous skin lesion referred to our pediatric neurosurgery service for evaluation of a tethered cord. Both infants were born with a lumbar dimple and were found to have a large cutaneous hemangioma without ...
Aliyazicioğlu Yüksel - - 2007
Acute phase proteins are sensitive markers of tissue necrosis and inflammatory process. These markers may be especially useful in the neonatal period, in which mortality and morbidity rates are high, because fetus and baby are subjected to numerous metabolic, genetic, physiologic and environmental injuries such as neonatal asphyxia and septicemia. ...
Patel Leena - - 2007
We determined the contributions of IGF-I, IGFBP-3 and leptin to growth in extremely premature infants over the first two years. Weight (Wt), crown-to heel length (CHL), plasma IGF-I, IGFBP-3 and leptin were measured in infants (gestation 24-33 wk) at birth (n = 54), expected date of delivery (EDD) and 6, ...
Valūniene Margarita - - 2007
The aim of this study was to evaluate leptin concentration at birth and in early postnatal life in small- and appropriate-for-gestational-age infants and to assess its relationship with infants' anthropometry at birth and some characteristics of maternal pregnancy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 367 infants born after 32-42 weeks ...
Santos Elisabeth Oliveira - - 2007
This study evaluated transplacental mercury transfer by measuring Hg in blood samples of mothers and newborns (umbilical cord) in hospitals in the municipality (county) of Itaituba, Pará State, Brazil. Epidemiological and mercury exposure data were collected, besides clinical birth data. Mercury tests were performed by cold-vapor atomic absorption spectrophotometry. A ...
Abdel-Hady Soha - - 2007
Respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) secondary to surfactant deficiency is a common cause of morbidity and mortality in premature infants. An increasing evidence suggests that vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) may contribute to surfactant secretion and pulmonary maturation. This study determines cord blood VEGF levels in preterm infants and investigates its ...
Winani Samson - - 2007
Our objective was to determine the effectiveness of an intervention that incorporated education about the "six cleans" with the use of a clean delivery kit in preventing cord infection and puerperal sepsis. A stepped-wedge, cross-sectional study was conducted in 10 surveillance sites across two rural districts of Mwanza Region, Tanzania. ...
Senses Dursun A - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Infants whose mothers had low serum pregnancy-associated plasma protein-A (PAPP-A) in the first trimester were observed to have intrauterine growth retardation. AIM: Suggesting that PAPP-A plays an important role in the availability and activity of insulin-like growth factors (IGFs), which affect growth, we aimed to investigate cord blood PAPP-A ...
Johannsson Erlingur - - 2007
Large for gestational age infants have increased risk of developing the metabolic syndrome and cardiovascular disease in child- and adulthood. The vascular endothelium is a target site in the pathogenesis of many cardiovascular disorders. The matrix metalloproteinases (MMP) are important modulators of the extracellular matrix and serve as markers of ...
Trevisanuto Daniele D Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, Department of Pediatrics, Medical School, University of Padova - Padova Hospital, Azienda Ospedaliera, Padova, Italy. - - 2007
Several epidemiological studies reported a significant correlation between low birth weight and cardiovascular disease in adult life. Recent studies showed that an inflammatory response has been associated with the development of atherosclerosis. High-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) has been demonstrated to be a sensitive marker of this inflammatory process giving prognostic ...
Akcakus Mustafa - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The positive relationship between fat mass, bone mass and leptin has been shown in fetal mouse cartilage/bone. It has been shown that umbilical venous leptin predicts both the size of the neonatal skeleton and its estimated volumetric mineral density. AIMS: This study investigates how birth weight and bone mineralization ...
Bodé Susan S Department of Neonatology, Rigshospitalet, Copenhagen, Denmark. - - 2007
Glucagon-like peptide-2 (GLP-2) seems to be a highly specific intestinotrophic mediator. From animal studies, GLP-2 is known to increase in the early neonatal period before it falls to adult level. No studies in newborn infants addressing this specific subject have been published so far. To measure GLP-2 concentrations in umbilical ...
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