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Horwitz Alexandra - - 2010
The International Union of Immunological Societies defined transient hypogammaglobulinemia of infancy as decreased IgG and IgA levels. Some others, however, include decreased IgA level alone. We compared infants with decreased levels of IgG and IgA, all isotypes, and IgA alone. To determine whether infants presenting with diminished IgA only differ ...
Mazaki-Tovi Shali - - 2010
Maternal circulating visfatin concentrations are higher in patients with a small-for-gestational-age (SGA) neonate than in those who delivered an appropriate-for-gestational age (AGA) neonate or in those with pre-eclampsia. It has been proposed that enhanced transfer of visfatin from the foetal to maternal circulation may account for the high concentrations of ...
Yada Yukari - - 2010
The aim of the present study was to investigate the association of chronic lung disease (CLD), neonatal Ureaplasma colonization, and interleukin-8 (IL-8) level of cord blood in preterm infants. In 77 infants of <32 weeks gestation, the relationship between IL-8 level of cord blood, neonatal colonization of Ureaplasma, histological chorioamnionitis ...
Fromme Hermann - - 2010
Perfluorinated compounds (PFCs) are a group of chemicals widely used for many applications. In this study PFCs were investigated in maternal blood during pregnancy (at two time points) (n = 40 and 38) and 6 months after delivery (n = 47), in cord blood (n = 33) and in blood ...
Ross-Sheehy Shannon S Department of Psychology, University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA 52242, USA. - - 2011
Two experiments examined the hypothesis that developing visual attentional mechanisms influence infants' Visual Short-Term Memory (VSTM) in the context of multiple items. Five- and 10-month-old infants (N = 76) received a change detection task in which arrays of three differently colored squares appeared and disappeared. On each trial one square ...
Vitoratos Nikolaos - - 2010
To evaluate the role of resistin in the pathophysiology of insulin resistance during pregnancy and on the birth weight of infants born from women with gestational diabetes (GDM). Thirty women diagnosed with GDM were compared to 30 normal pregnant controls. Maternal serum resistin and insulin levels were measured at the ...
Shirvani Fariba - - 2010
This study was conducted to evaluate the hematological effects of umbilical cord clamp timing and delivery type in term infants 48 hours after birth in Imam Hossein Hospital, Tehran, Iran. From Oct 2007 - March 2008, 100 mother-infant eligible pairs were selected and divided by cord clamp timing (< or ...
Thomas Wolfgang - - 2010
A systemic fetal inflammatory response, reflected by histological funisitis is associated with pulmonary morbidity and increased mortality after premature birth. The receptor for advanced glycation end products (RAGE) is a membrane-bound multiligand receptor with a key role in inflammation. Soluble RAGE (sRAGE) is created by alternative mRNA splicing or shedding ...
Badr Gamal - - 2011
To investigate T-cell functional molecules and inflammatory cytokines and to assess T-cell apoptosis in malnourished infants, 64 infants from undernourished women and 28 healthy control infants were recruited to the study. Malnourished infants showed a significant decrease in the levels of circulating IL-2 and IL-7 and increases in the levels ...
Chetty-John Shilpa - - 2010
This study compared birth parameters and the longitudinal course in physical and neurologic development between children with 2 and 3 vessel umbilical cords. Our study of the Collaborative Perinatal Project included singletons of at least 24 weeks' gestation with single umbilical artery at birth and no identifiable congenital anomalies. Demographics ...
Vizcaino Esther - - 2010
Organochlorine compounds (OCs), including pesticides and polychlorobiphenyls (PCBs), were determined in the serum of 499 cord blood samples from infants born during 2004-2006 in Valencia (Spain). The concentrations were found to be correlated with the region of origin of the mothers. Those from Latin-America gave birth to infants with higher ...
Wellmann Sven - - 2010
The pituitary-secreted nonapeptide arginine-vasopressin (AVP) is unstable and therefore unsuited for diagnostic use, but its secretion can be estimated by measuring copeptin, the C-terminal portion of the AVP precursor (pro-AVP). Our objective was to investigate perinatal factors affecting copeptin concentrations in infants at birth and at 3 d of life. ...
Kacirova Ivana - - 2010
We followed up lamotrigine transport through the placenta and analyzed maternal and umibilical cord concentrations, its ratio and maternal lamotrigine clearance in monotherapy and in combinations. Maternal and umbilical cord concentrations were analyzed during delivery in a cohort of 63 women between 2001 and 2009. The request forms for routine ...
Forbes E - - 2010
A term infant developed stridor, hoarse cry and respiratory distress after forceps-assisted delivery. Oral feeding resulted in aspiration. Flexible laryngoscopy showed a right-sided vocal cord paralysis (VCP). A magnetic resonance image (MRI) of the brain revealed an ovoid lesion in the posterior fossa impinging on the brainstem, which was considered ...
Takaiwa Masanori - - 2010
Fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF23) is a potent regulator of Pi and 1,25-(OH)(2)D homeostasis. Early postpartum infants show intriguing changes in serum levels of Ca, Pi, PTH and 1,25-(OH)(2)D. However, the role of FGF23 in the early neonatal mineral metabolism has not been clarified. In order to evaluate the significance ...
Dündar Nihal O - - 2010
Ghrelin and adiponectin, which are considered to take part in the regulation of energy metabolism, have been found in breast milk and cord blood. The aims of this study were to determine ghrelin and adiponectin levels in colostrum, cord blood and maternal serum and to investigate the correlations between colostrum ...
Takaiwa Masanori - - 2010
Fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF23) is a potent regulator of Pi and 1,25-(OH)(2)D homeostasis. Early postpartum infants show intriguing changes in serum levels of Ca, Pi, PTH and 1,25-(OH)(2)D. However, the role of FGF23 in the early neonatal mineral metabolism has not been clarified. In order to evaluate the significance ...
Joung Kyoung Hwa - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to test the efficacy of treating the pain among newborn infants associated with a medical procedure with sucrose with regard to overall physiological and behavioral stability. 103 newborn infants were enrolled in this study. The control group (n=63) did not receive any treatment. The ...
James R M - - 2011
Historically, the investigation of a neonate at risk of Rhesus D antigen (RhD)-associated haemolytic disease has included a direct antiglobulin test on umbilical cord blood. However, the introduction of routine antenatal anti-RhD prophylaxis has led to a significant number of false positive results and recent studies suggest that a positive ...
Groppetti D - - 2010
Newborn viability evaluation and early detection of fetal distress could contribute to reducing mortality at birth in canine species. High neonatal mortality rate in dogs is reported subsequent to complicated or uncomplicated whelping. Umbilical vein lactate and tocodynamometry could provide valuable clinical information to the obstetricians so that appropriate medical ...
Arad Ilan - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Elevated cord blood levels of interleukin-6 and N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide were associated with neonatal complications; however, simultaneously obtained values have not been compared to date. OBJECTIVES: To study the association of cord blood levels of IL-6 and NT-proBNP with perinatal variables of premature infants and examine the relationship ...
Savino F - - 2010
Leptin is present in human milk, but it is not clear what the relationship between breast milk (BM) leptin levels and maternal and infant serum leptin concentrations is. The objective of this study was to evaluate the leptin concentration in BM and to investigate its relationship with infants' and mothers' ...
Hassanein Sahar M A - - 2011
Human umbilical cord blood (hUCB) is rich in stem cells. The CD45(+)/CD34(+) coexpression in hUCB is a marker of hemopoietic progenitor cells. The objective of this study is to compare the coexpression of hUCB CD45(+)/CD34(+) cells in preterm (PT) and full-term (FT) neonates. We studied the coexpression of hUCB CD45(+)/CD34(+) ...
Ren Ru-Xiang - - 2010
Low cord blood leptin concentration is implicated as a risk factor for small for gestational age (SGA) babies. However, the association of strength, consistency, independence, and confounding factors of this affliction has not been systematically examined. To determine if there is a difference in cord blood leptin concentration between SGA ...
Nagayama Junya - - 2010
Polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins (PCDDs), polychlorinated dibenzofurans (PCDFs) and dioxin-like polychlorinated biphenyls (dioxin-like PCBs) are highly-toxic environmental pollutants that are still ubiquitous. About 40 years ago, a mass food poisoning, termed "Yusho", occurred in western Japan, and the causal agent of Yusho was thought to be PCDFs. The preserved umbilical cords of ...
Meral Cihan - - 2011
The aim of this study was to assess the adiponectin and visfatin concentrations in small-for-gestational age (SGA), appropriate-for-gestational age (AGA), and large-for-gestational age (LGA) newborns and their mothers. Sixty parturients giving birth to 20 term AGA singleton infants, 20 term singleton SGA infants, and 20 term singleton LGA infants were ...
Norman Elisabeth - - 2010
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Thiopentone, a short-acting barbiturate, has been introduced as premedication for intubation in newborn infants. The objectives of this study were to assess the pharmacokinetics of thiopentone in newborn infants, and to unravel whether placental transfer of the drug should be taken into account if administered to infants ...
Belteki Gusztav G Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University of Cambridge, and Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, Addenbrooke's Hospital, Box 223, Cambridge CB2 0SW, United - - 2010
Surfactant is a successful therapeutic based on supplementing preterm infants with a substance that would normally have been up-regulated in late gestation. Although prematurity is associated with oxidative stress, no effective antioxidant therapy has yet been identified. Our objective was to identify endogenous antioxidants involved in fetal preparation for birth. ...
Amarilyo G - - 2011
The pathological picture in ischemic tissue injury shares features with the inflammatory response. Hypoxia-mediated induction of interleukin-6 (IL-6) could set in motion the mechanisms limiting inflammation in ischemia. Intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) represents a human model of chronic fetal hypoxia. The purpose of this study was a first-time exploration to ...
Jusko Todd A TA Epidemiology Branch, National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, Research Triangle Park, NC 27709-2233, USA. - - 2010
Extensive experimental data in animals indicate that exposure to polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) during pregnancy leads to changes in offspring immune function during the postnatal period. Whether developmental PCB exposure influences immunologic development in humans has received little study. The study population was 384 mother-infant pairs recruited from two districts of ...
Perrone Serafina - - 2010
Despite recent advances in preterm newborns healthcare, perinatal pathologies and disabilities are increasing. Oxidative stress (OS) is determinant for the onset of an unbalance between free radicals (FRs) production and antioxidant systems which plays a key role in pathogenesis of pathologies such as retinopathy of prematurity (ROP), bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD), ...
Anderson Helen H Division of Endocrinology, Metabolism, and Molecular Medicine, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, 303 East Chicago Avenue, Chicago, Illinois 60611, - - 2010
Prenatal androgen excess can cause a phenocopy of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) in mammals. Retrospective studies have suggested that girls at risk for PCOS have low birth weight, and prospective studies have suggested an increased prevalence of small-for-gestational-age offspring in women with PCOS. The objective of the study was to ...
Lee Bo-Eun - - 2010
Mercury (Hg) is toxic to both the reproductive and nervous systems. In addition, glutathione S-transferases (GSTs), which conjugate glutathione to a variety of electrophilic compounds, are involved in the detoxification of Hg. In this study we examined the association between prenatal exposure to Hg and birth weight as well as ...
Shin Sue - - 2010
Birthweight and the hematopoietic progenitor cell content in cord blood affect and reflect fetal development, and MHC has been reported to play an important role in intrauterine growth. In this study, we assessed HLA-A, -B and -DRB1 polymorphisms, birthweight and cord blood CD34(+) cell content in 1628 full-term healthy neonates ...
Tolosa Jose N - - 2010
The timing of the umbilical cord clamping at birth is still controversial. In the modern era of medicine, the cord has been clamped early to facilitate resuscitation and stabilization of infants. However, recently delayed cord clamping has been supported by physicians because it allows for the physiological transfer of blood ...
Ho Shih-Ping - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Leptin plays an important role in the regulation of body weight and energy metabolism in adults; its role in neonates also needs to be explored. The current study aims to determine the correlation between serum leptin concentrations and anthropometric variables in newborns and their mothers, and to examine the ...
King Jennifer L JL University of Virginia, Charlottsville, VA 22908, - - 2010
The objective of this study was to investigate whether skewed X chromosome inactivation (XCI) is associated with IVF. A retrospective cohort study was performed comprising 30 female infants conceived by IVF and 44 naturally conceived control infants matched for gestational age and sex. Cord blood DNA samples were obtained and ...
Lavezzi Anna M - - 2010
Experimental studies have demonstrated that breathing activity in rats is generated early in embryonic stages in rostral spinal cord, precisely in the intermediolateral nucleus, then establishing a spinal cord-brainstem network. In this study we aimed to individuate and to define the developmental steps of the intermediolateral nucleus, still inadequately known ...
Marinoni Emanuela - - 2010
The aim of this study was to investigate the interrelationship between leptin,adiponectin and resistin in the fetal and early postnatal period and the association of these hormones with anthropometric and metabolic indexes. Serum concentrations of leptin, adiponectin and resistin were measured in maternal and neonatal circulation at delivery and on ...
Mellati Ali Awsat - - 2010
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The discovery of a role for leptin in controlling fetal and neonatal growth suggests a fetal origin of some adult chronic diseases and has stimulated research into the mechanisms of action of leptin early in life. The aim of this study was to determine umbilical cord blood ...
Nykänen Päivi - - 2010
Relative adrenocortical insufficiency is often seen in sick premature newborns. As the human fetal adrenal cortex does not express the 3β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase (3β-HSD) enzyme before about 23 weeks of gestation, we hypothesized that this enzymatic step may be rate limiting in cortisol synthesis in premature infants of less than 28 ...
Veleminsky Milos M - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Parasitic diseases, particularly the congenital form of toxoplasmosis, can negatively affect the mortality and morbidity of newborns and infants. METHODS: The authors examined 152 samples of umbilical blood in 152 women who had experienced premature delivery with or without PROM. The samples were examined for the titre of antibodies ...
Cohain Judy Slome - - 2010
Research based on 182,492 births, wielding statistical power to uncover even mild negative associations, showed that both single and multiple nuchal cords at the time of delivery are not associated with adverse perinatal outcomes. Nuchal cords are associated with higher birth weights and lower cesarean section rates than births without ...
Gurkanlar Doga - - 2010
PNETs of the spinal cord are aggressive and local recurrence and/or leptomeningeal spread is common. Primary spinal PNETs are extremely rare and most cases involving the spinal cord are drop metastases from primary intracranial tumors by cerebrospinal fluid. Herewith, we present a 40-day-old infant with multilevel primary spinal PNET at ...
Airey Rebecca J - - 2010
The third stage of labour is from birth of the baby until delivery of the placenta. Clamping the umbilical cord is one component of active management of the third stage. Deferring cord clamping allows blood flow between the baby and the placenta to continue; net transfer to the baby is ...
Malin Gemma L GL Department of Obstetrics, School of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, College of Medical and Dental Sciences, University of Birmingham. - - 2010
To evaluate the association between umbilical cord pH at birth and long term outcomes. Systematic review and meta-analysis. Medline (1966-August 2008), Embase (1980-August 2008), the Cochrane Library (2008 issue 8), and Medion, without language restrictions; reference lists of selected articles; and contact with authors. Studies in which cord pH at ...
Sommerfield D - - 2010
A 35-year-old G2P1 parturient at 32 weeks of gestation with an implanted spinal cord stimulator was admitted for urgent caesarean section. Spinal anaesthesia was performed below the spinal cord stimulator leads at the L4-5 level, and a healthy female infant was delivered. A basic description of the technology and resulting ...
Rabe H H Department of Neonatology, Brighton and Sussex University Hospitals, Brighton, UK. heike.rabe @ - - 2010
Venepuncture-related blood loss is a common cause of neonatal anemia. Currently, this is the only way to obtain hemoglobin levels. This causes distress for the infant but can also lead to the need for blood transfusions. Recently, a new technique for measuring hemoglobin levels non-invasively has been developed to reduce ...
Amarilyo G - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Prohepcidin (Pro-Hep), synthesized in the liver, is the prohormone of hepcidin (Hep), which reduces iron absorption in the gut; its synthesis is enhanced by inflammation and is reduced during hypoxia. We aimed to study the hypothesis that infants born small for gestational age (SGA) have reduced cord blood concentrations ...
Karadeniz Leyla - - 2010
BACKGROUND: In hypoxic newborns, cardiac troponin T (cTnT) was shown to be an indicator of cardiac damage and increased levels of nonprotein-bound iron (NPBI), an indicator of increased free radical production and perinatal brain damage. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine cord blood cTnT and NPBI levels ...
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