Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 1209
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Kanbe Taro - - 2009
AIM: Antenatal stress, maturation and other foetal conditions affect the postnatal cardiovascular function. Atrial- (ANP) and brain-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) play important roles in regulating extracellular fluid volume and blood pressure, which may surrogate the foetal cardiovascular condition. The aim of this study was to investigate the dependence of serum ...
Najati N - - 2009
Some studies showed increased levels ofproinflammatory cytokines like IL-6, IL-8 and TNF-alpha in the blood samples of pregnant women with PROM (Premature rupture of membranes) and their neonates. The aim of this study was to find a relationship between increased level of IL-8 and PROM, a cost benefit method for ...
Balsara Z P - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: A major factor contributing to neonatal and maternal infections is unhygienic delivery practices. This study explores the impact of clean delivery kit (CDK) use on clean delivery practices during home and facility deliveries. DESIGN: Kits were distributed from primary care facilities and mothers and birth attendants received training on ...
Stark Michael J - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: With male gender as a strong predictor of cardiovascular instability, we hypothesized that gender-specific differences in circulating carbon monoxide levels contributed to dysregulated microvascular function in preterm male infants. METHODS: Infants born at 24 to 34 weeks of gestation (N = 84) were studied in a regional tertiary neonatal ...
Jaleel Riffat - - 2009
To determine the effect of delayed umbilical cord clamping on Hb (haemoglobin) and bilirubin levels of neonates and to identify newborn babies with anaemia and refer them for treatment. This Randomized Controlled Trial was conducted in the Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Unit V, Dow Medical College and Lyari General ...
Martos-Moreno Gabriel A - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To determine the influence of gestational age and fetal growth restriction on the cord blood adipokine profile, IGF1, and ghrelin levels, and their relationship with glucose metabolism. STUDY DESIGN: One hundred and ninety newborns (99 preterm and 91 full term) were studied and, according to their anthropometry at birth, ...
Jared Heather - - 2009
Maternal periodontal infection has been associated with adverse maternal and neonatal outcomes. In utero fetal exposure to oral pathogens was also recognized as deleterious to the fetus. The objective of this study was to determine the relationship between fetal exposure to oral pathogens and neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) admission. ...
Nishimaki Shigeru - - 2009
AIM: Chronic lung disease (CLD) is a major component in the morbidity of premature infants suffering from fetal inflammatory response (FIRS). The aim of the present study was to compare the value of measuring neonatal urinary beta(2)-microglobulin (beta(2)-MG) levels with fetal blood interleukin (IL)-6 levels in premature infants at risk ...
Wright D - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Activity has been demonstrated in promoting bone mass in infants and adults. One of the major signs of fetal activity may be the length of the umbilical cord. We hypothesized that the fetus with a shortened umbilical cord may have low bone mineralization because of decreased movement or activity. ...
Tadaki Hiromi - - 2009
As antenatal environment may influence the development of atopy-predisposing immune response, cord blood cytokine productions may be an important predictor for wheezing. We investigated cord blood cytokines in a prospective birth cohort, intensively monitored for wheezy infant outcome at 1 yr. Cord blood serum samples from 269 children were assayed ...
Mestan Karen - - 2009
In current, neonatal practice, clinical signs of intrauterine infection (IUI) are often non-specific. From a large panel of immune biomarkers, we seek to identify cord blood markers that are most strongly associated with the fetal inflammatory response (FIR), a specific placental lesion associated with serious neonatal complications. We used multiplex ...
Rao Rakesh - - 2009
Neurotrophins (NTs) play important roles in brain growth and development. Cord blood (CB) brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) concentrations increase with gestational age but data regarding postnatal changes are limited. We measured BDNF concentrations after birth in 33 preterm infants <32-wk gestation. Serum was collected at birth (CB), at day 2, ...
Zota Ami R - - 2009
Manganese is both an essential element and a known neurotoxicant to children. High manganese exposures have been associated with negative reproductive outcomes in animals, but few epidemiologic studies have examined the effects of human fetal manganese exposure. We studied the association between maternal and umbilical cord blood manganese levels and ...
Gveric-Ahmetasevic Snjezana - - 2009
This study used malondialdehyde (MDA) determination by HPLC and enzymatic assays for total serum peroxides and antioxidant capacity to evaluate oxidative stress in 47 healthy full-term small-for-gestational age (SGA) newborns vs 67 appropriate-for-gestational age (AGA) newborns. Blood samples were collected at delivery from umbilical cord artery and vein and from ...
Hibino Satoshi - - 2009
To determine the factors associated with high molecular weight adiponectin (HMW-ad) levels during the first year of life, the longitudinal changes in serum HMW-ad were investigated from birth to 12 mo of age. The total adiponectin levels, HMW-ad, and leptin were measured longitudinally from birth to 12 mo of age ...
Hilli Johanna - - 2009
Intrauterine exposure to SSRIs in late pregnancy can cause various serotonergic symptoms in the newborns. We associated the severity of these symptoms to neurotransmitter concentrations and genetic polymorphisms in the cytochrome P450, MAO-A and COMT enzymes. Altogether 20 children with prenatal exposure to citalopram or fluoxetine were genotyped. Infants with ...
Kim Tae Hyung - - 2009
This study examined the levels of polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDE) in the umbilical cord blood of infants, and investigated the relationship between PBDE concentration and thyroid hormone levels. The concentration of PBDE were measured in the cord blood samples of 108 infants collected in Cheil Woman's Hospital, Seoul, Korea, in ...
Kugelman Amir - - 2009
AIM: To evaluate the immunologic and infectious consequences of delayed versus immediate cord clamping in premature infants (<35 weeks) during the neonatal period. METHODS: This was a prospective, masked, randomized, controlled, single-center study. Prior to delivery 35 infants were randomly assigned to immediate cord clamping (ICC) at 5-10 s and ...
Corona-Rivera J Román - - 2009
Encirclement of a fetal body part by the umbilical cord with or without vascular obstruction in either the umbilical cord or the encircled fetal part is considered an umbilical cord loop (UCL). Significant disruption of the encircled fetal parts is recognized as the umbilical cord disruption sequence (UCDS). UCL around ...
Shah Shilpa - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the predictive value of a cord serum screen test and possible subsequent development of allergic disease in infants. DESIGN: Cohort study. SETTING: 100 pregnant women were randomly recruited for the study. METHODS: The maternal serum and the cord serum of their matched newborn were analyzed for total ...
Jefford Elaine - - 2009
BACKGROUND: No good evidence exists to support the practice of routinely checking for the nuchal cord, yet it is a common medical intervention in birth. Some evidence shows damage to the baby because the practice more frequently leads to premature cord-cutting and the vaginal examination, required by such routine checking, ...
Bendon Robert W - - 2009
This autopsy of a stillborn term infant revealed a constellation of unusual features including calcification of the chorion membrane and portions of the umbilical vascular media, extensive white matter gliosis, arthrogryposis multiplex congenita, adhesions of one eyelid to the globe, pericarditis, a miniature left foot, and a cleft palate. We ...
Mullany Luke C - - 2009
Neonatal sepsis may stem from local umbilical cord infections. Signs of cord infection are common in low-resource settings, yet the risk of mortality subsequent to these signs has not been quantified in either developed or developing countries. We compared the risk of mortality between infants with and without signs of ...
Su Chi-Feng - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to analyze the blood gas values of umbilical cord blood in newborns of first vaginal deliveries with or without obstetric interventions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In a prospective descriptive study conducted during the 6-month period from August 2003 through February 2004 at a university ...
Lagier Aude - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Vocal cord paralysis is the second cause of neonatal stridor. Several surgical treatments are proposed in order to avoid tracheotomy or to decanulate patients. Laser posterior partial cordotomy is supposed to be a minimal invasive procedure. The purpose of the study is to share our experience in management of ...
Verner Marc-André - - 2009
It has been suggested that pre- and postnatal exposure to persistent organic pollutants (POPs) can promote several adverse effects in children, such as altered neurodevelopment. Epidemiologic studies to date have relied on the analysis of biological samples drawn pre- or post-natally for exposure assessment, an approach that might not capture ...
Patterson Tamula M - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Evaluate the effect of acute intrapartum stress on umbilical cord plasma levels of cholesterol, triglyceride and dehydroepiandrosterone sulphate (DS) in term infants. METHODS: Umbilical cord plasma levels of cholesterol, triglyceride and DS were measured in 176 infants that delivered >or=37 weeks' gestation. Eighty-eight infants experienced acute intrapartum stress while ...
Aly Hany - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is a polypeptide growth factor that is activated by tissue hypoxia. The role of VEGF in perinatal asphyxia in human neonates is yet to be clarified. In infants who develop moderate to severe acute hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy (HIE) it is crucial to clearly understand ...
Buhimschi C S CS Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Sciences, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT 06520, USA. - - 2009
To determine the relationship between presence of amniotic fluid (AF) biomarkers characteristic of inflammation (defensins 2 and 1 and calgranulins C and A) and fetal inflammatory status at birth. Prospective observational cohort. Tertiary referral University hospital. One hundred and thirty-two consecutive mothers (gestational age, median [interquartile range]: 29.6 [24.1-33.1] weeks) ...
Sandu Kishore - - 2008
A surgeon facing the problem of a child with subglottic stenosis currently has a wide range of surgical options. Cricotracheal resection is the preferred option for grade IV and severe grade III stenoses that are clear of the vocal cords. Laryngotracheal reconstruction as a less extensive procedure is preferred for ...
Page Kristin M - - 2008
Autoimmune cytopenias are a recognized complication of hematopoietic stem cell transplant (HSCT), and are considered to be a feature of chronic graft-versus-host disease (cGVHD). We report on a cohort of very young infants (< or =3 months of age) receiving HSCT from unrelated donor umbilical cord blood for genetic disorders ...
Teksam Ozlem - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The effects of meconium-stained amniotic fluid (MSAF) on cord blood vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) levels have not been explored. The aim of this study was to verify whether MSAF influences cord blood VEGF levels in healthy term neonates and we can use cord blood VEGF levels in infants ...
Ondero─člu Lütfü S - - 2008
Presence of nuchal cord (NC) is associated with transient decrease of umbilical cord blood flow. However, the exact perinatal effect of presence of NC in a newborn is still under debate. The aim of this study was to evaluate the perinatal complications and umbilical cord blood gases of deliveries complicated ...
Kawashiro Yukiko - - 2008
Brominated flame retardants (BFRs) are used to prevent combustion in consumer products. Examples of BFRs are polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs), tetrabromobisphenol A (TBBPA), and tribromophenol (TBP). These compounds are reported to have adverse effects on human health and endocrine disrupting effects. The purpose of this study was to identify the ...
Aichbhaumik N - - 2008
Early life pet exposure may protect against allergic sensitization during childhood. Few studies have evaluated the effect of prenatal pet exposure on potential neonatal markers of allergic risk. The aim of this study was to investigate whether maternal exposure to pets affects cord blood IgE levels in a population-based, general ...
Sapbamrer Ratana - - 2008
The present study objective was to investigate ratios and correlation coefficients between dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane (DDT) compounds in cord and maternal sera of mother-infant pairs from northern Thailand. The study site was located in Chiang Dao District of Chiang Mai Province which was an agricultural and former malaria endemic area. DDT compounds ...
Hansen-Pupp Ingrid - - 2008
Preterm birth carries a risk for impaired developmental outcome. We have previously described an association between increased levels of proinflammatory cytokines during the first 72 postnatal hours and cerebral damage as detected by ultrasound in a cohort of 74 very preterm infants. Sixty-seven of 71 surviving children with a mean ...
Viscardi R M - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: As Ureaplasmas may be pathogens in preterm infants, this study was conducted to determine the incidence of invasive disease with Ureaplasma parvum and Ureaplasma urealyticum and the relationship with adverse outcomes in a prospective cohort of very low birth weight (VLBW) infants. STUDY DESIGN: DNA was extracted from the ...
Javed M Jawad - - 2008
Endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) are used for angiogenic therapies and as biomarkers of cardiovascular disease. Human umbilical cord blood (UCB) is a rich source of endothelial colony forming cells (ECFCs), which are EPCs with robust proliferative potential that may be useful for clinical vascular regeneration. Previous studies show that hematopoietic ...
Neilson James P - - 2008
Policies for timing of cord clamping vary, with early cord clamping generally carried out in the first 60 seconds after birth, whereas later cord clamping usually involves clamping the umbilical cord greater than one minute after the birth or when cord pulsation has ceased. To determine the effects of different ...
van Dijk A J - - 2008
Perinatal asphyxia results in tissue and cellular changes during the reperfusion period and clinical signs like perinatal mortality and decreased vitality at birth in newborn piglets. This study aimed to develop and validate a model of birth asphyxia, mimicking the evolvement of birth asphyxia in natural farrowings by conducting umbilical ...
Capitanio Matthew - - 2008
A 16-yr-old, castrated male lion-tailed macaque (Macaca silenus) presented with acute bilateral pelvic limb paralysis. Cisternal and lumbar myelograms demonstrated right-sided spinal cord compression at T13-L1. During an extradural hemilaminectomy, chronically ruptured disk material was removed at T13-L1, with moderate venous dilatation observed cranially. The macaque fully recovered from clinical ...
Herbstman Julie B - - 2008
Developing infants may be especially sensitive to hormone disruption from chemicals including polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs). We investigated relationships between cord serum levels of PCBs and PBDEs and thyroid hormones measured in cord blood serum and neonatal blood spots. We measured PCBs and PBDEs, thyrotropin (TSH), ...
Oudshoorn Anne-Mieke J - - 2008
Functional mannose-binding lectin (f-MBL) plays an important role in the innate neonatal immune system. We studied the origin of f-MBL in umbilical cord blood (UCB) by measuring maternal MBL (n=47), collected before elective cesarean section, and neonatal MBL (n=43) in arterial umbilical cord blood. In a subgroup, arterial and venous ...
Qian Jing - - 2009
Neuroprotective interventions in neonatal hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE) require early indicators of brain damage to initiate therapy. In order to find a reliable, rapid, and simple method to identify infants at risk for this disorder, 40 infants with asphyxia were selected as the observation group (HIE group) and 25 normal-term infants ...
Frank-Briggs, A I; ; ...
Background: Neonatal hypoglycaemia is associated with significant long term neuro-developmental sequelae. The signs and symptoms are often non-specific. Some are completely asymptomatic. Many cases therefore remain undiagnosed. This study was therefore designed to determine the prevalence, obstetric and peri-natal factors associated with neonatal hypoglycaemia at the University of Port Harcourt ...
Gharehbaghi Manizheh M - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To compare inflammatory mediators in the cord blood of premature newborn infants with premature rupture of membranes (PROM) and intact membranes. METHODS: Eighty-nine premature neonates with gestational age of 27-34 weeks that delivered in Ghaem Hospital in Mashhad, Iran from June 2005 to March 2006 were enrolled in a ...
Woldesenbet M - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The mechanisms contributing to hypoxic respiratory failure (HRF) in term infants are multifactorial. Recent evidence suggests a potential pathogenetic role for inflammation. Nitric oxide (NO), a pulmonary vasodilator, is inhibited by inflammatory mediators that are upregulated in the presence of placental inflammation. OBJECTIVE: To examine the relationship between histological ...
Strauss Ronald G - - 2008
Most neonates less than 1.0 kg birth weight need red blood cell (RBC) transfusions. Delayed clamping of the umbilical cord 1 minute after delivery transfuses the neonate with autologous placental blood to expand blood volume and provide 60 percent more RBCs than after immediate clamping. This study compared hematologic and ...
Silva Anadir M - - 2008
AIMS: To determine the association of hypotonia and depression in neonates at or near term with metabolic acidemia at birth (umbilical arterial pH<7.0 and base excess <-12 mM). METHODS: This case-control study identified 87 infants without chromosomal or congenital abnormalities born at a single university hospital between 7/91 and 10/04 ...
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