Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 1228
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Rogers Gary F - - 2011
Cranial deformation is the most common cause of abnormal head shape. Intentional and unintentional alterations of cranial form are associated with the application of external pressure to the growing infant head, and such changes have been recorded throughout man's history. Recent changes in Western sleeping practices, instituted to reduce the ...
Rogers Gary F - - 2011
Cranial deformation is the most common cause of abnormal head shape. Intentional and unintentional alterations of cranial form are associated with the application of external pressure to the growing infant head, and such changes have been recorded throughout man's history. Recent changes in Western sleeping practices, instituted to reduce the ...
Issa Shireen Y - - 2011
There is evidence that Candida colonization contributes to increasing invasion of candidiasis in hospitalized neonates. Few studies investigated the epidemiology and risk factors of Candida colonization among hospitalized and non-hospitalized infants. This prospective study investigated the major epidemiological characteristics of Candida species colonizing oral and rectal sites of Jordanian infants. ...
Oakes Lisa M LM Center for Mind and Brain, The University of California, Davis, California, United States. - - 2011
To examine the development of visual short-term memory (VSTM) for location, we presented 6- to 12-month-old infants (N=199) with two side-by-side stimulus streams. In each stream, arrays of colored circles continually appeared, disappeared, and reappeared. In the changing stream, the location of one or more items changed in each cycle; ...
Barr Gordon A GA Department of Psychology, Biopsychology Doctoral Program, City University of New York, Hunter College, New York, NY, USA. - - 2011
In the fetal, infant, and adult rat, injury induces a well-defined behavioral response and induces c-fos expression in the spinal cord dorsal horn. There is more limited information about the processing of noxious stimulation in the infant brain. We describe here the appearance of the Fos protein in the brain ...
Matasova Katarina - - 2011
Objective. The aim was to describe the course of physiological changes in coeliac artery (CA) and superior mesenteric artery (SMA) blood flow velocities (BFVs) during the perinatal period in healthy term fetuses and infants as it has not been studied in detail so far. Methods. This prospective Doppler ultrasound study included 50 ...
Metzger Boyd E - - 2010
The goal was to describe the temporal pattern of neonatal plasma glucose levels and associations with maternal glucose levels, cord serum C-peptide levels, and neonatal size and adiposity. A total of 17,094 mothers and infants were included in the Hyperglycemia and Adverse Pregnancy Outcome Study (15 centers in 9 countries). ...
Nakajima Yoshiyuki - - 2011
Abstract Objective: Our objective was to determine the obstetrical risk for spontaneous focal intestinal perforation (FIP) in very low birth weight (VLBW) infants. Methods: Eight mothers delivered infants who underwent laparotomy for FIP between 2001 and 2006 in our hospital. A retrospective case-control study of the eight case mothers and ...
Rubin Lisa - - 2010
The rate and duration of breastfeeding in Ethiopia is very high. Factors that could affect breastfeeding among women emigrating to Israel include the desire to adopt "modern" behaviors, the availability of infant formulas, and the greater awareness of AIDS and fear of transmission via breast milk. To examine the rate ...
Arca Gemma - - 2010
The optimal time to clamp the umbilical cord in preterm and full-term neonates after birth continues to be a matter of debate. A review of randomised controlled trials comparing the effects of early versus late cord clamping on maternal and infant outcomes was performed to assess data in favor of ...
Qureshi Azhar Munir - - 2010
Birth anoxia remains an important cause of mortality and morbidity in neonates. Hypoxia/ischemia can lead to permanent brain damage and also affects other tissues of the body. It results from lack of oxygen before, during or after birth. The study was designed to assess the risk factors of birth asphyxia, ...
Okumura Akihisa - - 2010
Periventricular leukomalacia (PVL) is one of the most important causes of adverse outcome of preterm infants. We hypothesized that inflammatory or some other specific pathways will have been activated at birth in preterm infants who later develop PVL. The aim of this study is to examine the difference in mRNA ...
Marom Ronella - - 2010
Little is known about the glucose concentrations at and after birth of infants delivered by caesarean section (CS), when compared with infants born vaginally (VD). To compare venous cord blood glucose concentrations of term infants born after elective CS to infants born by VD. We studied the null hypothesis that ...
Horwitz Alexandra - - 2010
The International Union of Immunological Societies defined transient hypogammaglobulinemia of infancy as decreased IgG and IgA levels. Some others, however, include decreased IgA level alone. We compared infants with decreased levels of IgG and IgA, all isotypes, and IgA alone. To determine whether infants presenting with diminished IgA only differ ...
Mazaki-Tovi Shali - - 2010
Maternal circulating visfatin concentrations are higher in patients with a small-for-gestational-age (SGA) neonate than in those who delivered an appropriate-for-gestational age (AGA) neonate or in those with pre-eclampsia. It has been proposed that enhanced transfer of visfatin from the foetal to maternal circulation may account for the high concentrations of ...
Yada Yukari - - 2010
The aim of the present study was to investigate the association of chronic lung disease (CLD), neonatal Ureaplasma colonization, and interleukin-8 (IL-8) level of cord blood in preterm infants. In 77 infants of <32 weeks gestation, the relationship between IL-8 level of cord blood, neonatal colonization of Ureaplasma, histological chorioamnionitis ...
Fromme Hermann - - 2010
Perfluorinated compounds (PFCs) are a group of chemicals widely used for many applications. In this study PFCs were investigated in maternal blood during pregnancy (at two time points) (n = 40 and 38) and 6 months after delivery (n = 47), in cord blood (n = 33) and in blood ...
Ross-Sheehy Shannon S Department of Psychology, University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA 52242, USA. - - 2011
Two experiments examined the hypothesis that developing visual attentional mechanisms influence infants' Visual Short-Term Memory (VSTM) in the context of multiple items. Five- and 10-month-old infants (N = 76) received a change detection task in which arrays of three differently colored squares appeared and disappeared. On each trial one square ...
Vitoratos Nikolaos - - 2010
To evaluate the role of resistin in the pathophysiology of insulin resistance during pregnancy and on the birth weight of infants born from women with gestational diabetes (GDM). Thirty women diagnosed with GDM were compared to 30 normal pregnant controls. Maternal serum resistin and insulin levels were measured at the ...
Shirvani Fariba - - 2010
This study was conducted to evaluate the hematological effects of umbilical cord clamp timing and delivery type in term infants 48 hours after birth in Imam Hossein Hospital, Tehran, Iran. From Oct 2007 - March 2008, 100 mother-infant eligible pairs were selected and divided by cord clamp timing (< or ...
Thomas Wolfgang - - 2010
A systemic fetal inflammatory response, reflected by histological funisitis is associated with pulmonary morbidity and increased mortality after premature birth. The receptor for advanced glycation end products (RAGE) is a membrane-bound multiligand receptor with a key role in inflammation. Soluble RAGE (sRAGE) is created by alternative mRNA splicing or shedding ...
Badr Gamal - - 2011
To investigate T-cell functional molecules and inflammatory cytokines and to assess T-cell apoptosis in malnourished infants, 64 infants from undernourished women and 28 healthy control infants were recruited to the study. Malnourished infants showed a significant decrease in the levels of circulating IL-2 and IL-7 and increases in the levels ...
Chetty-John Shilpa - - 2010
This study compared birth parameters and the longitudinal course in physical and neurologic development between children with 2 and 3 vessel umbilical cords. Our study of the Collaborative Perinatal Project included singletons of at least 24 weeks' gestation with single umbilical artery at birth and no identifiable congenital anomalies. Demographics ...
Vizcaino Esther - - 2010
Organochlorine compounds (OCs), including pesticides and polychlorobiphenyls (PCBs), were determined in the serum of 499 cord blood samples from infants born during 2004-2006 in Valencia (Spain). The concentrations were found to be correlated with the region of origin of the mothers. Those from Latin-America gave birth to infants with higher ...
Wellmann Sven - - 2010
The pituitary-secreted nonapeptide arginine-vasopressin (AVP) is unstable and therefore unsuited for diagnostic use, but its secretion can be estimated by measuring copeptin, the C-terminal portion of the AVP precursor (pro-AVP). Our objective was to investigate perinatal factors affecting copeptin concentrations in infants at birth and at 3 d of life. ...
Kacirova Ivana - - 2010
We followed up lamotrigine transport through the placenta and analyzed maternal and umibilical cord concentrations, its ratio and maternal lamotrigine clearance in monotherapy and in combinations. Maternal and umbilical cord concentrations were analyzed during delivery in a cohort of 63 women between 2001 and 2009. The request forms for routine ...
Forbes E - - 2010
A term infant developed stridor, hoarse cry and respiratory distress after forceps-assisted delivery. Oral feeding resulted in aspiration. Flexible laryngoscopy showed a right-sided vocal cord paralysis (VCP). A magnetic resonance image (MRI) of the brain revealed an ovoid lesion in the posterior fossa impinging on the brainstem, which was considered ...
Takaiwa Masanori - - 2010
Fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF23) is a potent regulator of Pi and 1,25-(OH)(2)D homeostasis. Early postpartum infants show intriguing changes in serum levels of Ca, Pi, PTH and 1,25-(OH)(2)D. However, the role of FGF23 in the early neonatal mineral metabolism has not been clarified. In order to evaluate the significance ...
Dündar Nihal O - - 2010
Ghrelin and adiponectin, which are considered to take part in the regulation of energy metabolism, have been found in breast milk and cord blood. The aims of this study were to determine ghrelin and adiponectin levels in colostrum, cord blood and maternal serum and to investigate the correlations between colostrum ...
Takaiwa Masanori - - 2010
Fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF23) is a potent regulator of Pi and 1,25-(OH)(2)D homeostasis. Early postpartum infants show intriguing changes in serum levels of Ca, Pi, PTH and 1,25-(OH)(2)D. However, the role of FGF23 in the early neonatal mineral metabolism has not been clarified. In order to evaluate the significance ...
Joung Kyoung Hwa - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to test the efficacy of treating the pain among newborn infants associated with a medical procedure with sucrose with regard to overall physiological and behavioral stability. 103 newborn infants were enrolled in this study. The control group (n=63) did not receive any treatment. The ...
James R M - - 2011
Historically, the investigation of a neonate at risk of Rhesus D antigen (RhD)-associated haemolytic disease has included a direct antiglobulin test on umbilical cord blood. However, the introduction of routine antenatal anti-RhD prophylaxis has led to a significant number of false positive results and recent studies suggest that a positive ...
Groppetti D - - 2010
Newborn viability evaluation and early detection of fetal distress could contribute to reducing mortality at birth in canine species. High neonatal mortality rate in dogs is reported subsequent to complicated or uncomplicated whelping. Umbilical vein lactate and tocodynamometry could provide valuable clinical information to the obstetricians so that appropriate medical ...
Arad Ilan - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Elevated cord blood levels of interleukin-6 and N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide were associated with neonatal complications; however, simultaneously obtained values have not been compared to date. OBJECTIVES: To study the association of cord blood levels of IL-6 and NT-proBNP with perinatal variables of premature infants and examine the relationship ...
Savino F - - 2010
Leptin is present in human milk, but it is not clear what the relationship between breast milk (BM) leptin levels and maternal and infant serum leptin concentrations is. The objective of this study was to evaluate the leptin concentration in BM and to investigate its relationship with infants' and mothers' ...
Hassanein Sahar M A - - 2011
Human umbilical cord blood (hUCB) is rich in stem cells. The CD45(+)/CD34(+) coexpression in hUCB is a marker of hemopoietic progenitor cells. The objective of this study is to compare the coexpression of hUCB CD45(+)/CD34(+) cells in preterm (PT) and full-term (FT) neonates. We studied the coexpression of hUCB CD45(+)/CD34(+) ...
Ren Ru-Xiang - - 2010
Low cord blood leptin concentration is implicated as a risk factor for small for gestational age (SGA) babies. However, the association of strength, consistency, independence, and confounding factors of this affliction has not been systematically examined. To determine if there is a difference in cord blood leptin concentration between SGA ...
Nagayama Junya - - 2010
Polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins (PCDDs), polychlorinated dibenzofurans (PCDFs) and dioxin-like polychlorinated biphenyls (dioxin-like PCBs) are highly-toxic environmental pollutants that are still ubiquitous. About 40 years ago, a mass food poisoning, termed "Yusho", occurred in western Japan, and the causal agent of Yusho was thought to be PCDFs. The preserved umbilical cords of ...
Meral Cihan - - 2011
The aim of this study was to assess the adiponectin and visfatin concentrations in small-for-gestational age (SGA), appropriate-for-gestational age (AGA), and large-for-gestational age (LGA) newborns and their mothers. Sixty parturients giving birth to 20 term AGA singleton infants, 20 term singleton SGA infants, and 20 term singleton LGA infants were ...
Norman Elisabeth - - 2010
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Thiopentone, a short-acting barbiturate, has been introduced as premedication for intubation in newborn infants. The objectives of this study were to assess the pharmacokinetics of thiopentone in newborn infants, and to unravel whether placental transfer of the drug should be taken into account if administered to infants ...
Belteki Gusztav G Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University of Cambridge, and Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, Addenbrooke's Hospital, Box 223, Cambridge CB2 0SW, United - - 2010
Surfactant is a successful therapeutic based on supplementing preterm infants with a substance that would normally have been up-regulated in late gestation. Although prematurity is associated with oxidative stress, no effective antioxidant therapy has yet been identified. Our objective was to identify endogenous antioxidants involved in fetal preparation for birth. ...
Amarilyo G - - 2011
The pathological picture in ischemic tissue injury shares features with the inflammatory response. Hypoxia-mediated induction of interleukin-6 (IL-6) could set in motion the mechanisms limiting inflammation in ischemia. Intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) represents a human model of chronic fetal hypoxia. The purpose of this study was a first-time exploration to ...
Jusko Todd A TA Epidemiology Branch, National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, Research Triangle Park, NC 27709-2233, USA. - - 2010
Extensive experimental data in animals indicate that exposure to polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) during pregnancy leads to changes in offspring immune function during the postnatal period. Whether developmental PCB exposure influences immunologic development in humans has received little study. The study population was 384 mother-infant pairs recruited from two districts of ...
Perrone Serafina - - 2010
Despite recent advances in preterm newborns healthcare, perinatal pathologies and disabilities are increasing. Oxidative stress (OS) is determinant for the onset of an unbalance between free radicals (FRs) production and antioxidant systems which plays a key role in pathogenesis of pathologies such as retinopathy of prematurity (ROP), bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD), ...
Anderson Helen H Division of Endocrinology, Metabolism, and Molecular Medicine, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, 303 East Chicago Avenue, Chicago, Illinois 60611, - - 2010
Prenatal androgen excess can cause a phenocopy of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) in mammals. Retrospective studies have suggested that girls at risk for PCOS have low birth weight, and prospective studies have suggested an increased prevalence of small-for-gestational-age offspring in women with PCOS. The objective of the study was to ...
Lee Bo-Eun - - 2010
Mercury (Hg) is toxic to both the reproductive and nervous systems. In addition, glutathione S-transferases (GSTs), which conjugate glutathione to a variety of electrophilic compounds, are involved in the detoxification of Hg. In this study we examined the association between prenatal exposure to Hg and birth weight as well as ...
Shin Sue - - 2010
Birthweight and the hematopoietic progenitor cell content in cord blood affect and reflect fetal development, and MHC has been reported to play an important role in intrauterine growth. In this study, we assessed HLA-A, -B and -DRB1 polymorphisms, birthweight and cord blood CD34(+) cell content in 1628 full-term healthy neonates ...
Tolosa Jose N - - 2010
The timing of the umbilical cord clamping at birth is still controversial. In the modern era of medicine, the cord has been clamped early to facilitate resuscitation and stabilization of infants. However, recently delayed cord clamping has been supported by physicians because it allows for the physiological transfer of blood ...
Ho Shih-Ping - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Leptin plays an important role in the regulation of body weight and energy metabolism in adults; its role in neonates also needs to be explored. The current study aims to determine the correlation between serum leptin concentrations and anthropometric variables in newborns and their mothers, and to examine the ...
King Jennifer L JL University of Virginia, Charlottsville, VA 22908, - - 2010
The objective of this study was to investigate whether skewed X chromosome inactivation (XCI) is associated with IVF. A retrospective cohort study was performed comprising 30 female infants conceived by IVF and 44 naturally conceived control infants matched for gestational age and sex. Cord blood DNA samples were obtained and ...
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