Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 1186
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Amarilyo G - - 2011
The pathological picture in ischemic tissue injury shares features with the inflammatory response. Hypoxia-mediated induction of interleukin-6 (IL-6) could set in motion the mechanisms limiting inflammation in ischemia. Intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) represents a human model of chronic fetal hypoxia. The purpose of this study was a first-time exploration to ...
Jusko Todd A - - 2010
Extensive experimental data in animals indicate that exposure to polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) during pregnancy leads to changes in offspring immune function during the postnatal period. Whether developmental PCB exposure influences immunologic development in humans has received little study. The study population was 384 mother-infant pairs recruited from two districts of ...
Perrone Serafina - - 2010
Despite recent advances in preterm newborns healthcare, perinatal pathologies and disabilities are increasing. Oxidative stress (OS) is determinant for the onset of an unbalance between free radicals (FRs) production and antioxidant systems which plays a key role in pathogenesis of pathologies such as retinopathy of prematurity (ROP), bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD), ...
Anderson Helen - - 2010
Prenatal androgen excess can cause a phenocopy of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) in mammals. Retrospective studies have suggested that girls at risk for PCOS have low birth weight, and prospective studies have suggested an increased prevalence of small-for-gestational-age offspring in women with PCOS. The objective of the study was to ...
Lee Bo-Eun - - 2010
Mercury (Hg) is toxic to both the reproductive and nervous systems. In addition, glutathione S-transferases (GSTs), which conjugate glutathione to a variety of electrophilic compounds, are involved in the detoxification of Hg. In this study we examined the association between prenatal exposure to Hg and birth weight as well as ...
Shin Sue - - 2010
Birthweight and the hematopoietic progenitor cell content in cord blood affect and reflect fetal development, and MHC has been reported to play an important role in intrauterine growth. In this study, we assessed HLA-A, -B and -DRB1 polymorphisms, birthweight and cord blood CD34(+) cell content in 1628 full-term healthy neonates ...
Tolosa Jose N - - 2010
The timing of the umbilical cord clamping at birth is still controversial. In the modern era of medicine, the cord has been clamped early to facilitate resuscitation and stabilization of infants. However, recently delayed cord clamping has been supported by physicians because it allows for the physiological transfer of blood ...
Ho Shih-Ping - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Leptin plays an important role in the regulation of body weight and energy metabolism in adults; its role in neonates also needs to be explored. The current study aims to determine the correlation between serum leptin concentrations and anthropometric variables in newborns and their mothers, and to examine the ...
King Jennifer L - - 2010
The objective of this study was to investigate whether skewed X chromosome inactivation (XCI) is associated with IVF. A retrospective cohort study was performed comprising 30 female infants conceived by IVF and 44 naturally conceived control infants matched for gestational age and sex. Cord blood DNA samples were obtained and ...
Lavezzi Anna M - - 2010
Experimental studies have demonstrated that breathing activity in rats is generated early in embryonic stages in rostral spinal cord, precisely in the intermediolateral nucleus, then establishing a spinal cord-brainstem network. In this study we aimed to individuate and to define the developmental steps of the intermediolateral nucleus, still inadequately known ...
Marinoni Emanuela - - 2010
The aim of this study was to investigate the interrelationship between leptin,adiponectin and resistin in the fetal and early postnatal period and the association of these hormones with anthropometric and metabolic indexes. Serum concentrations of leptin, adiponectin and resistin were measured in maternal and neonatal circulation at delivery and on ...
Mellati Ali Awsat - - 2010
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The discovery of a role for leptin in controlling fetal and neonatal growth suggests a fetal origin of some adult chronic diseases and has stimulated research into the mechanisms of action of leptin early in life. The aim of this study was to determine umbilical cord blood ...
Nykänen Päivi - - 2010
Relative adrenocortical insufficiency is often seen in sick premature newborns. As the human fetal adrenal cortex does not express the 3β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase (3β-HSD) enzyme before about 23 weeks of gestation, we hypothesized that this enzymatic step may be rate limiting in cortisol synthesis in premature infants of less than 28 ...
Veleminsky Milos M - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Parasitic diseases, particularly the congenital form of toxoplasmosis, can negatively affect the mortality and morbidity of newborns and infants. METHODS: The authors examined 152 samples of umbilical blood in 152 women who had experienced premature delivery with or without PROM. The samples were examined for the titre of antibodies ...
Cohain Judy Slome - - 2010
Research based on 182,492 births, wielding statistical power to uncover even mild negative associations, showed that both single and multiple nuchal cords at the time of delivery are not associated with adverse perinatal outcomes. Nuchal cords are associated with higher birth weights and lower cesarean section rates than births without ...
Gurkanlar Doga - - 2010
PNETs of the spinal cord are aggressive and local recurrence and/or leptomeningeal spread is common. Primary spinal PNETs are extremely rare and most cases involving the spinal cord are drop metastases from primary intracranial tumors by cerebrospinal fluid. Herewith, we present a 40-day-old infant with multilevel primary spinal PNET at ...
Airey Rebecca J - - 2010
The third stage of labour is from birth of the baby until delivery of the placenta. Clamping the umbilical cord is one component of active management of the third stage. Deferring cord clamping allows blood flow between the baby and the placenta to continue; net transfer to the baby is ...
Malin Gemma L GL Department of Obstetrics, School of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, College of Medical and Dental Sciences, University of Birmingham. - - 2010
To evaluate the association between umbilical cord pH at birth and long term outcomes. Systematic review and meta-analysis. Medline (1966-August 2008), Embase (1980-August 2008), the Cochrane Library (2008 issue 8), and Medion, without language restrictions; reference lists of selected articles; and contact with authors. Studies in which cord pH at ...
Sommerfield D - - 2010
A 35-year-old G2P1 parturient at 32 weeks of gestation with an implanted spinal cord stimulator was admitted for urgent caesarean section. Spinal anaesthesia was performed below the spinal cord stimulator leads at the L4-5 level, and a healthy female infant was delivered. A basic description of the technology and resulting ...
Rabe H - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Venepuncture-related blood loss is a common cause of neonatal anemia. Currently, this is the only way to obtain hemoglobin levels. This causes distress for the infant but can also lead to the need for blood transfusions. Recently, a new technique for measuring hemoglobin levels non-invasively has been developed to ...
Amarilyo G - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Prohepcidin (Pro-Hep), synthesized in the liver, is the prohormone of hepcidin (Hep), which reduces iron absorption in the gut; its synthesis is enhanced by inflammation and is reduced during hypoxia. We aimed to study the hypothesis that infants born small for gestational age (SGA) have reduced cord blood concentrations ...
Karadeniz Leyla - - 2010
BACKGROUND: In hypoxic newborns, cardiac troponin T (cTnT) was shown to be an indicator of cardiac damage and increased levels of nonprotein-bound iron (NPBI), an indicator of increased free radical production and perinatal brain damage. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine cord blood cTnT and NPBI levels ...
Almeida Daniela - - 2009
Acute transverse myelitis (ATM) is an inflammatory disorder that affects the spinal cord. It is characterized by signs and symptoms of neurologic dysfunction in the motor and sensory tracts of the spinal cord bilaterally, resulting in weakness, sensory loss, and autonomic dysfunction with acute or subacute onset. We report on ...
Misra D P - - 2009
GOALS: Fetal growth depends on placental growth; the fetoplacental weight ratio (FPR) is a common proxy for the balance between fetal and placental growth. Male and female infants are known to have differing vulnerabilities in fetal life, during parturition and in infancy. We hypothesized that these differences may be paralleled ...
Thomas Wolfgang - - 2010
BACKGROUND: A systemic fetal inflammatory response, reflected by chorioamnionitis with funisitis, is a risk factor for bronchopulmonary dysplasia. Clara cell secretory protein (CC10), a product of pulmonary Clara cells, has anti-inflammatory properties. Local down-regulation of CC10 has been associated with inflammatory lung disease. Increased serum levels of CC10 can indicate ...
Eifinger Frank - - 2010
Neonatal testicular infarction is a rare occurrence. We report on a newborn infant with bilateral testicular infarction. At birth, the uncut umbilical cord ran taut between the thighs making a complete loop around the genitals, compressing the testes. At the age of 6 hours, because of increasing agitation and the ...
Jahan Samsad - - 2009
To investigate gender differences, if any, in leptin concentrations from umbilical cord blood of new born infants of mothers with type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM), gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM), and Non diabetic (ND) at delivery. Serum leptin concentrations were measured in 105 newborns (53 males and 52 females in the ...
Ervasti Mari - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Hepcidin, a small 25 amino-acid antimicrobial peptide, has a significant role in the regulation of iron homeostasis. Pro-hepcidin, an 84 amino-acid peptide, is a precursor of the active hepcidin. The main aim of this study was to examine the association of maternal serum pro-hepcidin with cord blood pro-hepcidin levels ...
Kanbe Taro - - 2009
AIM: Antenatal stress, maturation and other foetal conditions affect the postnatal cardiovascular function. Atrial- (ANP) and brain-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) play important roles in regulating extracellular fluid volume and blood pressure, which may surrogate the foetal cardiovascular condition. The aim of this study was to investigate the dependence of serum ...
Najati N - - 2009
Some studies showed increased levels ofproinflammatory cytokines like IL-6, IL-8 and TNF-alpha in the blood samples of pregnant women with PROM (Premature rupture of membranes) and their neonates. The aim of this study was to find a relationship between increased level of IL-8 and PROM, a cost benefit method for ...
Balsara Z P - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: A major factor contributing to neonatal and maternal infections is unhygienic delivery practices. This study explores the impact of clean delivery kit (CDK) use on clean delivery practices during home and facility deliveries. DESIGN: Kits were distributed from primary care facilities and mothers and birth attendants received training on ...
Stark Michael J - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: With male gender as a strong predictor of cardiovascular instability, we hypothesized that gender-specific differences in circulating carbon monoxide levels contributed to dysregulated microvascular function in preterm male infants. METHODS: Infants born at 24 to 34 weeks of gestation (N = 84) were studied in a regional tertiary neonatal ...
Jaleel Riffat - - 2009
To determine the effect of delayed umbilical cord clamping on Hb (haemoglobin) and bilirubin levels of neonates and to identify newborn babies with anaemia and refer them for treatment. This Randomized Controlled Trial was conducted in the Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Unit V, Dow Medical College and Lyari General ...
Martos-Moreno Gabriel A - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To determine the influence of gestational age and fetal growth restriction on the cord blood adipokine profile, IGF1, and ghrelin levels, and their relationship with glucose metabolism. STUDY DESIGN: One hundred and ninety newborns (99 preterm and 91 full term) were studied and, according to their anthropometry at birth, ...
Jared Heather - - 2009
Maternal periodontal infection has been associated with adverse maternal and neonatal outcomes. In utero fetal exposure to oral pathogens was also recognized as deleterious to the fetus. The objective of this study was to determine the relationship between fetal exposure to oral pathogens and neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) admission. ...
Nishimaki Shigeru - - 2009
AIM: Chronic lung disease (CLD) is a major component in the morbidity of premature infants suffering from fetal inflammatory response (FIRS). The aim of the present study was to compare the value of measuring neonatal urinary beta(2)-microglobulin (beta(2)-MG) levels with fetal blood interleukin (IL)-6 levels in premature infants at risk ...
Wright D - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Activity has been demonstrated in promoting bone mass in infants and adults. One of the major signs of fetal activity may be the length of the umbilical cord. We hypothesized that the fetus with a shortened umbilical cord may have low bone mineralization because of decreased movement or activity. ...
Tadaki Hiromi - - 2009
As antenatal environment may influence the development of atopy-predisposing immune response, cord blood cytokine productions may be an important predictor for wheezing. We investigated cord blood cytokines in a prospective birth cohort, intensively monitored for wheezy infant outcome at 1 yr. Cord blood serum samples from 269 children were assayed ...
Mestan Karen - - 2009
In current, neonatal practice, clinical signs of intrauterine infection (IUI) are often non-specific. From a large panel of immune biomarkers, we seek to identify cord blood markers that are most strongly associated with the fetal inflammatory response (FIR), a specific placental lesion associated with serious neonatal complications. We used multiplex ...
Rao Rakesh - - 2009
Neurotrophins (NTs) play important roles in brain growth and development. Cord blood (CB) brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) concentrations increase with gestational age but data regarding postnatal changes are limited. We measured BDNF concentrations after birth in 33 preterm infants <32-wk gestation. Serum was collected at birth (CB), at day 2, ...
Zota Ami R - - 2009
Manganese is both an essential element and a known neurotoxicant to children. High manganese exposures have been associated with negative reproductive outcomes in animals, but few epidemiologic studies have examined the effects of human fetal manganese exposure. We studied the association between maternal and umbilical cord blood manganese levels and ...
Gveric-Ahmetasevic Snjezana - - 2009
This study used malondialdehyde (MDA) determination by HPLC and enzymatic assays for total serum peroxides and antioxidant capacity to evaluate oxidative stress in 47 healthy full-term small-for-gestational age (SGA) newborns vs 67 appropriate-for-gestational age (AGA) newborns. Blood samples were collected at delivery from umbilical cord artery and vein and from ...
Hibino Satoshi - - 2009
To determine the factors associated with high molecular weight adiponectin (HMW-ad) levels during the first year of life, the longitudinal changes in serum HMW-ad were investigated from birth to 12 mo of age. The total adiponectin levels, HMW-ad, and leptin were measured longitudinally from birth to 12 mo of age ...
Hilli Johanna - - 2009
Intrauterine exposure to SSRIs in late pregnancy can cause various serotonergic symptoms in the newborns. We associated the severity of these symptoms to neurotransmitter concentrations and genetic polymorphisms in the cytochrome P450, MAO-A and COMT enzymes. Altogether 20 children with prenatal exposure to citalopram or fluoxetine were genotyped. Infants with ...
Kim Tae Hyung - - 2009
This study examined the levels of polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDE) in the umbilical cord blood of infants, and investigated the relationship between PBDE concentration and thyroid hormone levels. The concentration of PBDE were measured in the cord blood samples of 108 infants collected in Cheil Woman's Hospital, Seoul, Korea, in ...
Kugelman Amir - - 2009
AIM: To evaluate the immunologic and infectious consequences of delayed versus immediate cord clamping in premature infants (<35 weeks) during the neonatal period. METHODS: This was a prospective, masked, randomized, controlled, single-center study. Prior to delivery 35 infants were randomly assigned to immediate cord clamping (ICC) at 5-10 s and ...
Corona-Rivera J Román - - 2009
Encirclement of a fetal body part by the umbilical cord with or without vascular obstruction in either the umbilical cord or the encircled fetal part is considered an umbilical cord loop (UCL). Significant disruption of the encircled fetal parts is recognized as the umbilical cord disruption sequence (UCDS). UCL around ...
Shah Shilpa - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the predictive value of a cord serum screen test and possible subsequent development of allergic disease in infants. DESIGN: Cohort study. SETTING: 100 pregnant women were randomly recruited for the study. METHODS: The maternal serum and the cord serum of their matched newborn were analyzed for total ...
Jefford Elaine - - 2009
BACKGROUND: No good evidence exists to support the practice of routinely checking for the nuchal cord, yet it is a common medical intervention in birth. Some evidence shows damage to the baby because the practice more frequently leads to premature cord-cutting and the vaginal examination, required by such routine checking, ...
Bendon Robert W - - 2009
This autopsy of a stillborn term infant revealed a constellation of unusual features including calcification of the chorion membrane and portions of the umbilical vascular media, extensive white matter gliosis, arthrogryposis multiplex congenita, adhesions of one eyelid to the globe, pericarditis, a miniature left foot, and a cleft palate. We ...
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